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Ph gene

Li Yin, Xueqiang Guo, Chunyan Zhang, Zhihui Cai, Cunshuan Xu
The priming stage is the first step of liver regeneration (LR). This stage is characterized by the transition from G0 to cell cycle for 4 hours in rat. In this study, individual gene level and gene set level (GSEA) was performed to identify the candidate genes and significantly changed biological processes at 2 h after partial hepatectomy (PH). The leading edge analysis is performed to identify the key genes and iRegulon was employed for transcription factor (TF) analysis. A total of 53 differentially expressed genes were identified using RMA package based on R language at 2 h after PH, including the transcription factor, enzyme and cytokine...
February 20, 2018: Oncotarget
Qian Li, Xiao-Ji Lin, Hui Chen, Jian Gong, Zhen Li, Xiang-Nan Chen
More than 90% of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) have the chromosomal translocation t(9;22)(q34;q11), while 5-8% of patients have complex variant translocations that have previously been thought not to affect the efficacy of imatinib therapy. The present study reports a patient with CML in B-lymphoid blast crisis who had a rare three-way Philadelphia (Ph) variant t(3;9;22)(p21;q34;q11), in addition to isodicentric Ph chromosomes. The patient was initially treated with imatinib for >2 months with a very poor response...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Peter Bryk, Matthew G Brewer, Brian M Ward
The vaccinia virus protein F13, encoded by the F13L gene, is conserved across the subfamily Chordopoxvirinae and is critical among orthopoxviruses to produce the wrapped form of virus that is required for cell-to-cell spread. F13 is the major envelope protein on the membrane of extracellular forms of virus, however it is not known if F13 is required in steps post-wrapping. In this report, we utilize two temperature-sensitive vaccinia virus mutants from the Condit collection of temperature-sensitive viruses whose small plaque phenotypes have been mapped to the F13L gene...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Virology
Kristie Wrasman, Salvatore L Alioto, Yorke Zhang, Kyle Hoban, Marjon Khairy, Bruce L Goode, Beverly Wendland
Endocytosis is a fundamental process for internalizing material from the plasma membrane, including many transmembrane proteins that are selectively internalized depending on environmental conditions. In most cells, the main route of entry is clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME), a process that involves the coordinated activity of over 60 proteins; however, there are likely as-yet unidentified proteins involved in cargo selection and/or regulation of endocytosis. We performed a mutagenic screen to identify novel endocytic genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing the methionine permease Mup1 tagged with pHluorin (pHl), a pH-sensitive GFP variant whose fluorescence is quenched upon delivery to the acidic vacuole lumen...
March 14, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Min-Jiao Liu, Chun-Zhi Jin, Mipeshwaree Devi Asem, Yoon-Jung Ju, Dong-Jin Park, Nimaichand Salam, Min Xiao, Wen-Jun Li, Chang-Jin Kim
A Gram-stain negative, strictly aerobic and non-motile bacterium, designated strain BN130233T , was isolated from a soil sample collected from Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea. Colonies were orange in colour, with wet and smooth surfaces. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences resulted in strain BN130233T forming a cluster with members of the family ChitinophagaceaeKämpfer et al. 2011, while sharing the highest sequence identity of 91.2 % with Chitinophaga niastensis JS16-4T . Good growth was observed at 20-28 °C, pH 7...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Ram Hari Dahal, Jaisoo Kim
A novel α-proteobacterium, designated strain S-54T , was isolated from forest soil sampled at Kyonggi University and subjected to polyphasic study. Cells were aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and yellow-pigmented. Flexirubin-type pigments were absent. Strain S-54T assimilated lactic acid, d-glucose and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid. Strain S-54T tolerated 4 % NaCl (w/v), and grew optimally at 45 °C and pH 10.5. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence data revealed that strain S-54T formed a lineage within the class Alphaproteobacteria of the phylum Proteobacteria that was distinct from various members of the genus Altererythrobacter, including Altererythrobacter troitsensis JCM 17037T (96...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Miri Park, Jaeho Song, Gi Gyun Nam, Suhyun Kim, Yochan Joung, Jang-Cheon Cho
A bacterial strain, designated IMCC25901T , was isolated from a freshwater lake, Soyang, in the Republic of Korea. The strain was Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, orange-coloured and short rod-shaped. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain IMCC25901T was most closely related to Flavobacterium yonginense HMD1001T (97.0 %) and formed a robust phylogenetic clade with other species of the genus Flavobacterium. Growth of strain IMCC25901T was observed at 10-30 °C (optimum, 20 °C), pH 6-8 (optimum, pH 7) and 0-1...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Mengzhu Li, Hong Deng, Rui Ma, Huiying Luo, Bin Yao, Xiaoyun Su
Pyranose oxidase (POx) is a homotetrameric flavoprotein that catalyzes the oxidation of pyranose-configured sugars at position C-2 to corresponding 2-ketoaldoses. The wide substrate specificity makes POx potential for application in various biotechnological industries. In the present study we reported the gene cloning and heterologous expression of a POx from the basidiomycete Trametes sp. and functionally expressed the gene in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). Based on sequence alignment, three residues were chosen for site-directed mutagenesis to obtain two single mutants (K312E and E539K) and two double mutants (T166A/E539K and K312E/E539K)...
March 13, 2018: AMB Express
Caroline Bachmeier, Chirag Patel, Peter Kanowski, Kunwarjit Sangla
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PH) is a common endocrine abnormality and may occur as part of a genetic syndrome. Inactivating mutations of the tumour suppressor gene CDC73 have been identified as accounting for a large percentage of hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumour syndrome (HPT-JT) cases and to a lesser degree account for familial isolated hyperparathyroidism (FIHP) cases. Reports of CDC73 whole gene deletions are exceedingly rare. We report the case of a 39 year-old woman with PH secondary to a parathyroid adenoma associated with a large chromosomal deletion (2...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Liya Pi, Chunhua Fu, Yuanquing Lu, Junmei Zhou, Marda Jorgensen, Vinayak Shenoy, Kenneth E Lipson, Edward W Scott, Andrew J Bryant
Chronic hypoxia frequently complicates the care of patients with interstitial lung disease, contributing to the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH), and premature death. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), a matricellular protein of the Cyr61/CTGF/Nov (CCN) family, is known to exacerbate vascular remodeling within the lung. We have previously demonstrated that vascular endothelial-cell specific down-regulation of CTGF is associated with protection against the development of PH associated with hypoxia, though the mechanism for this effect is unknown...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
L L Chen, D L Han, Y F Zhai, J H Wang, Y F Wang, M Chen
Current clinical treatments for pneumococcal infections have many limitations and are faced with many challenges. New capsular polysaccharide structures must be explored to cope with diseases caused by different serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae. UDP-galactose 4-epimerase (GalE) is an essential enzyme involved in polysaccharide synthesis. It is an important virulence factor in many bacterial pathogens. In this study, we found that two genes (galEsp1 and galEsp2) are responsible for galactose metabolism in pathogenic S...
January 2018: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Gongti Lai, Peining Fu, Yunxiao Liu, Jiang Xiang, Jiang Lu
RPW8 genes are atypical broad-spectrum genes that provide resistance to powdery mildew, downy mildew, the cauliflower mosaic virus in Arabidopsis thaliana , and powdery mildew in tobacco. They play important roles in basal plant pathogen defense. They also provide insights into a novel disease resistance mechanism. In this study, we report on homologous RPW8 genes in Vitis pseudoreticulata. Five VpRPW8 genes were cloned; their Open Reading Frame (ORF) sequences ranged from 1994 base pairs to 2478 base pairs...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xiupian Liu, Qiliang Lai, Yaping Du, Xiaorong Zhang, Zhen Liu, Fengqin Sun, Zongze Shao
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, short rod-shaped bacterium with a single polar flagellum, designated strain S27-2T , was isolated from surface seawater from the Indian Ocean. Growth was observed in 0-12.0 % (w/v) NaCl with an optimum of 0.5-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl, pH 6.0-9.0 with an optimum of pH 7.0, and growth temperature of 10-41 °C with an optimum of 25-37 °C. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain S27-2T belonged to the family Alteromonadaceae and formed a distinct lineage with the type strain of Pseudobowmanella zhangzhouensis...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Junchi Yang, Lumin Bo, Ting Han, Dan Ding, Mingming Nie, Kai Yin
Gastric cancer (GC) has a high incidence and mortality rate. If discovered late, GC tends to have a poor prognosis. Improvements in the prognostic accuracy of GC through combined analysis of multiple relevant genes and clinical factors may solve this problem. In the present study, GSE62254 (including 300 GC tissues), obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, was used as a training set, and the mRNA‑sequencing data of GC (including 384 GC tissues) downloaded from the Cancer Genome Atlas database served as a validation set...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Kang Zhan, MaoCheng Jiang, Xiaoxiao Gong, GuoQi Zhao
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) produced by microbial fermentation of dietary fibers are utilized by intestinal epithelial cells to provide an energy source for the ruminant. Although the regulation of mRNA expression and inflammatory response involved in SCFAs is established in other animals and tissues, the underlying mechanisms of the inflammatory response by SCFAs in goat jejunum epithelial cells (GJECs) have not been understood. Therefore, the objective of the study is to investigate the underlying mechanisms of the effects of SCFAs on SCFA transporters and inflammatory response in GJECs...
March 12, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Jana Kisková, Zuzana Perháčová, Ladislav Vlčko, Jana Sedláková, Simona Kvasnová, Peter Pristaš
Although neutral mine drainage is the less frequent subject of the interest than acid mine drainage, it can have adverse environmental effects caused mainly by precipitation of dissolved Fe. The aim of the study was to characterize the composition of bacterial population in environment with high concentration of iron and sulfur compounds represented by neutral mine drainage water of Elizabeth's shaft, Slovinky (Slovakia). Direct microscopic observations, cultivation methods, and 454 pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA gene amplicons were used to examine the bacterial population...
March 12, 2018: Current Microbiology
Chao Zhang, Teng Ma, Tao Luo, Ang Li, Xiang Gao, Zhong-Gao Wang, Fei Li
AIM: To investigate the potential role of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) in the development of Barrett's esophagus (BE). METHODS: A BE mouse model was established to examine the esophageal morphological changes and molecular changes. Microarray analysis was performed to compare the gene expression profiles between BE patients and healthy controls. qPCR was used to examine the PARP1 expression in cell lines after treatment with H2 O2 and bile acids (pH 4)...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Clarence T Sasaki, Sotirios G Doukas, Dimitra P Vageli
PURPOSE: Bile-containing gastroesophageal reflux may promote cancer at extraesophageal sites. Acidic bile can accelerate NF-κB activation and molecular events, linked to premalignant changes in murine hypopharyngeal mucosa (HM). We hypothesize that short-term in vivo topical application of NF-κB inhibitor BAY 11-7082 can prevent acidic bile-induced early preneoplastic molecular events, suggesting its potential role in disease prevention. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We topically exposed HM (C57Bl/6j wild-type) to a mixture of bile acids at pH 3...
March 9, 2018: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
R M Anthony, A L den Hertog, D van Soolingen
A low pH was assumed to be required for the activity of pyrazinoic acid (the active form of pyrazinamide) against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but recently activity has been demonstrated at neutral pH. Renewed interest in pyrazinamide has led to an increasing number of potential targets and the suspicion that pyrazinamide is a 'dirty drug'. However, it is our opinion that the recent demonstration that pyrazinoic acid is active against PanD provides an alternative explanation for the secret of pyrazinamide's unusual activity...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Xin Liu, Anzhou Ma, Guoqiang Zhuang, Xuliang Zhuang
Mercury can be a serious hazard to human health, especially in paddy soils surrounding mining areas. In this study, mercury (Hg)-methylating microbes with the potential biomarker gene hgcA were obtained from 45 paddy soil samples in mercury mining areas in Fenghuang, Wanshan, and Xunyang. In different areas, the abundance of the hgcA gene was affected by different environmental factors, including organic matter, pH, total carbon content, total nitrogen content, and total mercury content. Phylogenetic analysis showed that hgcA microbes in paddy soils were potentially members of the phyla Proteobacteria, Euryarchaeota, Chloroflexi, and two unnamed groups...
March 12, 2018: MicrobiologyOpen
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