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Jing Wei, Xiuling Jiao, Ting Wang, Dairong Chen
Ink-free rewritable media has attracted great attention as a potential alternative to current paper prints, owing to its benefits to reducing paper production and consumption for environmental protection. It is desirable to develop rewritable media based on cheap, robust, and fast-response photochromic systems. Herein, we report the design and fabrication of flexible and photorewritable PVP/a-WO3 hybrid membranes through electrospinning, on which images with high resolution can be photoprinted and heat-erased for over 40 cycles...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Geisa Nogueira Salles, Fernanda Aparecida Dos Santos Pereira, Cristina Pacheco-Soares, Fernanda Roberta Marciano, Christian Hölscher, Thomas J Webster, Anderson Oliveira Lobo
Bioresorbable electrospun fibres have highly functional features that can preserve drug efficacy, avoiding premature degradation, and control drug release rates over long periods. In parallel, it is known that Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been linked to impaired insulin signalling in the brain. Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) analogues have beneficial effects on insulin release and possess exceptional neuroprotective properties. Herein, we describe for the first time the incorporation of a GLP-1 analogue, liraglutide, into electrospun poly (lactic acid) (PLA) fibres with in situ gelatin capsules, in order to provide the controlled release of liraglutide, improving neuroprotective properties...
October 20, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Shih-Feng Chou, Kim A Woodrow
Electrospun nanofibers have the potential to achieve high drug loading and the ability to sustain drug release. Mechanical properties of the drug-incorporated fibers suggest the importance of drug-polymer interactions. In this study, we investigated the mechanical properties of electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) and poly (D,L-lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) fibers at various blend ratios in the presence and absence of a small molecule hydrophilic drug, tenofovir (TFV). Young׳s modulus of the blend fibers showed dependence on PLGA content and the addition of the drug...
September 9, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Andrea Fiorani, Filbert Totsingan, Antonio Pollicino, Yifeng Peng, Maria Letizia Focarete, Richard A Gross, Mariastella Scandola
Oligo(Glu70 -co-Leu30 ), a peptide synthesized by protease catalysis, is functionalized at the N-terminus with a 4-pentenoyl unit and grafted to polyLSL[6'Ac,6″Ac], a glycopolymer prepared by ring-opening metathesis polymerization of lactonic sophorolipid diacetate. First, polyLSL[6'Ac,6"Ac] fiber mats are fabricated by electrospinning. Oxidation of the fiber mats and subsequent reaction with cysteamine lead to thiol-functionalized fiber mats with no significant morphology changes. Grafting of the alkene-modified oligopeptide to thiol-functionalized polyLSL[6'Ac,6″Ac] fiber mats is achieved via "thiol-ene" click reaction...
October 18, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Jeong-Ann Park, Song-Bae Kim
Antimicrobial electrospun poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) nanofibers were synthesized by impregnating benzyl triethylammonium chloride (BTEAC) as an antimicrobial agent into PVA nanofibers. The BTEAC-PVA nanofibers were heat-methanol treated during the preparation for various tests. The BTEAC-PVA nanofibers became more hydrophilic than the PVA nanofibers due to incorporation of BTEAC. Through heat-methanol treatment, thermal property, crystallinity, and water stability of BTEAC-PVA nanofibers were improved considerably...
October 14, 2016: Chemosphere
Zahed Shami, Seyed Mojtaba Amininasab, Pegah Shakeri
A straightforward approach was successfully developed to fabricate a well-designed three-dimensional rough sheetlike MgAl-layered double hydroxide (LDH) array to stand vertically on poly(acrylonitrile) porous nanofibrous membranes based on an electrospun-nanofiber-templated in situ hydrothermal strategy, and then the surface was modified with cyclohexanecarboxylic acid. The as-spun highly dense ordered sheetlike LDH porous nanofabric exhibited a superior durability in superhydrophobicity and superoleophilicity, which has achieved high oil-removing capability including both oil harvesting and oil separation to harvest/separate a wide range of organic solvents and oils from an oil-water mixture and, especially, exhibited a very good recycling and reusing performance...
October 17, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xinglei Zhao, Shan Wang, Xia Yin, Jianyong Yu, Bin Ding
Fabrication of air filtration materials (AFM) that allow air to easily flow through while retaining particles is a significant and urgent need due to the harmful airborne particulate matter pollution; however, this is still a challenging research area. Herein, we report novel slip-effect functional nanofibrous membranes with decreased air resistance (reduction rate of 40%) due to the slip flow of air molecules on the periphery of nanofibers. This was achieved through careful control over the diameters of electrospun polyacrylonitrile fibers and aperture size of fiber assembly...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
Dimple Chouhan, Bijayshree Chakraborty, Samit K Nandi, Biman B Mandal
Bombyx mori silk fibroin (BMSF) as biopolymer has been extensively explored in wound healing applications. However, limited study is available on the potential of silk fibroin (SF) from non-mulberry (Antheraea assama and Philosamia ricini) silk variety. Herein, we have developed non-mulberry SF (NMSF) based electrospun mats functionalized with epidermal growth factor (EGF) and ciprofloxacin HCl as potential wound dressing. The NMSF based mats exhibited essential properties of wound dressing like biocompatibility, high water retention capacity (440%), water vapour transmission rate (∼2330 gm(-2)day(-1)), high elasticity (∼2...
October 13, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Tanit Haddad, Samantha Noel, Benoît Liberelle, Rouwayda El Ayoubi, Abdellah Ajji, Gregory De Crescenzo
In an effort to design biomaterials that may promote repair of the central nervous system, 3-dimensional scaffolds made of electrospun poly lactic acid nanofibers with interconnected pores were fabricated. These scaffolds were functionalized with polyallylamine to introduce amine groups by wet chemistry. Experimental conditions of the amination protocol were thoroughly studied and selected to introduce a high amount of amine group while preserving the mechanical and structural properties of the scaffold. Subsequent covalent grafting of epidermal growth factor was then performed to further tailor these aminated structures...
October 14, 2016: Biomatter
HanBang Chen, YunZhu Qian, Yang Xia, Gang Chen, Yun Dai, Na Li, FeiMin Zhang, Ning Gu
The topographical features and material composition of nanoscaffolds have a powerful influence on cell behaviors such as proliferation and differentiation. Here, scaffolds consisting of aligned nanofibers with incorporated bioactive collagen I were tested for their ability to enhance osteogenesis in vitro. Rat adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) were seeded on the scaffolds and their morphology, proliferation and osteogenic differentiation were examined. Aligned scaffolds with collagen I showed the best osteogenic properties...
October 13, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yuanwei Wang, Yihua Zhu, Jianfei Huang, Jin Cai, Jingrun Zhu, Xiaoling Yang, Jianhua Shen, Hao Jiang, Chunzhong Li
Perovskite quantum dots with superior optical performances are supposed to be desirable for fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) based fluorescence detection, which is popular for its accuracy and simplicity. In this work, a monolithic superhydrophobic polystyrene fiber membrane encapsulated with CsPbBr3 perovskite quantum dots (CPBQDs/PS FM) was prepared via electrospinning. Combining the outstanding optical properties of CPBQDs and stability of PS, this CPBQDs/PS FM exhibits high quantum yields (~91%) and narrow half-peak width (~16 nm), nearly 100% fluorescence retention after being immersed in water for 10 days, 79...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Mamatha M Pillai, J Gopinathan, B Indumathi, Y R Manjoosha, K Santosh Sahanand, B K Dinakar Rai, R Selvakumar, Amitava Bhattacharyya
In this study, silk fibroin nanofibrous scaffolds were developed to investigate the attachment and proliferation of primary human meniscal cells. Silk fibroin (SF)-polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) blended electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds with different blend ratios (2:1, 3:1, and 4:1) were prepared. Morphology of the scaffolds was characterized using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The hybrid nanofibrous mats were crosslinked using 25 % (v/v) glutaraldehyde vapor. In degradation study, the crosslinked nanofiber showed slow degradation of 20 % on weight after 35 days of incubation in simulated body fluid (SBF)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Membrane Biology
Olivera Evrova, Vahid Hosseini, Vincent Milleret, Gemma Palazzolo, Marcy Zenobi-Wong, Tullio Sulser, Johanna Buschmann, Daniel Eberli
Cellular responses are regulated by their microenvironments and engineered synthetic scaffolds can offer control over different microenvironment properties. This important relationship can be used as a tool to manipulate cell fate and cell responses for different biomedical applications. We showed for the first time in this study how blending of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) to poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) fibers to yield hybrid scaffolds changes physical and mechanical properties of PLGA fibrous scaffolds and in turn affects cellular response...
October 11, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
A V Radhamani, K M Shareef, M S Ramachandra Rao
Asymmetric supercapacitors (ASCs) with aqueous electrolyte medium have recently become the focus of increasing research. For high performance ASCs, selection of cathode materials play a crucial role and core-shell nanostructures are found to be of a good choice. We successfully synthesised, ZnO@MnO2 core-shell nanofibers (NFs) by modification of high-aspect-ratio-electrospun ZnO NFs hydrothermally with MnO2 nanoflakes. High conductivity of the ZnO NFs and the exceptionally high pseudocapacitive nature of MnO2 nanoflakes coating delivered a specific capacitance of 907 Fg-1 at 0...
October 11, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yunlei Zhong, Xun Qiu, Dongyun Chen, Na-Jun Li, Qing-Feng Xu, Hua Li, Jinghui He, Jian-Mei Lu
We report an efficient and scalable process for fabricating flexible membranes of electrospun carbon nanofiber/tin(IV) sulfide (CNF@SnS2) core/sheath fibers. CNF@SnS2 is a new photocatalytic material which can be used to treat wastewater containing high concentrations of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)). The hierarchical CNF@SnS2 core/sheath membranes have a three-dimensional macroporous architecture. This provides continuous channels for the rapid diffusion of photoelectrons generated by SnS2 nanoparticles, under visible light irradiation...
October 10, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Cristina Busuioc, Alexandru Evanghelidis, Andrei Galatanu, Ionut Enculescu
Multiple and complex functionalities are a demand nowadays for almost all materials, including common day-to-day materials such as paper, textiles, wood, etc. In the present report, the surface temperature control of different types of materials, including paper and textiles, was demonstrated by Joule heating of metallic-web transparent electrodes both by direct current and by RF induced eddy currents. Polymeric submicronic fiber webs were prepared by electrospinning, and metal sputtering was subsequently performed to transform them into flexible transparent electrodes...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Parisa Sanaei-Rad, Tahereh-Sadat Jafarzadeh Kashi, Ehsan Seyedjafari, Masoud Soleimani
A combination of polymeric materials and bioceramics has recently received a great deal of attention for bone tissue engineering applications. In the present study, hybrid nanofibrous scaffolds were fabricated from PLGA and gelatin via electrospinning and then were coated with hydroxyapatite (HA). They were then characterized and used in stem cell culture studies for the evaluation of their biological behavior and osteogenic differentiation in vitro. This study showed that all PLGA, hybrid PLGA/gelatin and HA-PLGA/gelatin scaffolds were composed of ultrafine fibers with smooth morphology and interconnected pores...
October 5, 2016: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
Yu-Chieh Chiu, Eliza L Fong, Brian J Grindel, Fred K Kasper, Daniel A Harrington, Mary C Farach-Carson
BACKGROUND: Biomaterial scaffolds that deliver growth factors such as recombinant human bone morphogenetic proteins-2 (rhBMP-2) have improved clinical bone tissue engineering by enhancing bone tissue regeneration. This approach could be further improved if the controlled delivery of bioactive rhBMP-2 were sustained throughout the duration of osteogenesis from fibrous scaffolds that provide control over dose and bioactivity of rhBMP-2. In nature, heparan sulfate attached to core proteoglycans serves as the co-receptor that delivers growth factors to support tissue morphogenesis...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Longsheng Zhang, Wei Fan, Tianxi Liu
It is still very challenging to achieve effective combination of carbon nanofibers and graphene sheets. In this study, a novel and facile method is developed to prepare flexible graphene/carbon nanofiber (GCNF) membranes with every carbon nanofiber wrapped by conductive graphene sheets, resulting in a remarkable improvement of their electrical conductivity. This method only entails a moderate process of soaking the pre-oxidized electrospun polyacrylonitrile (oPAN) nanofiber membranes in graphene oxide (GO) aqueous dispersion, and subsequent carbonization of the GO/oPAN hybrid membranes...
September 15, 2016: Nanoscale
Jiang Jiang, Zhuoran Li, Hongjun Wang, Yue Wang, Mark A Carlson, Matthew J Teusink, Matthew R MacEwan, Linxia Gu, Jingwei Xie
Herein, a robust method to fabricate expanded nanofiber scaffolds with controlled size and thickness using a customized mold during the modified gas-foaming process is reported. The expansion of nanofiber membranes is also simulated using a computational fluid model. Expanded nanofiber scaffolds implanted subcutaneously in rats show cellular infiltration, whereas non-expanded scaffolds only have surface cellular attachment. Compared to unexpanded nanofiber scaffolds, more CD68(+) and CD163(+) cells are observed within expanded scaffolds at all tested time points post-implantation...
October 6, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
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