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Ron Feiner, Sharon Fleischer, Assaf Shapira, Or Kalish, Tal Dvir
The capability to on-line sense tissue function, provide stimulation to control contractility and efficiently release drugs within an engineered tissue microenvironment may enhance tissue assembly and improve the therapeutic outcome of implanted engineered tissues. To endow cardiac patches with such capabilities we developed elastic, biodegradable, electronic scaffolds. The scaffolds were composed of electrospun albumin fibers that served as both a substrate and a passivation layer for evaporated gold electrodes...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Jun Zhang, Xiao-Xiong Wang, Bin Zhang, Seeram Ramakrishna, Miao Yu, Jian-Wei Ma, Yun-Ze Long
Alginate nanofibers assembled with sliver nanoparticles throughout the whole nanofiber were fabricated by three steps including electrospinning of Na-alginate nanofibers, ion exchange between the sodium and silver ions, and in situ reduction of silver nanoparticles. The content, distribution and size of the nanoparticles are controllable by tuning reaction conditions. Ag/alginate nanofibers exhibit good humidity sensitivity in a wide humidity range from ambient RH (20%) to 85% RH. Interestingly, these humidity sensors can be attached to a 3M-9001V mask for monitoring human breath during exercise and emotion changes, and this smart exhibits accurate and continuous human-breath tracking no matter how fast or slow as well as how deep or shallow...
May 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Alessandro E C Granato, André C Ribeiro, Fernanda R Marciano, Bruno V M Rodrigues, Anderson O Lobo, Marimelia Porcionatto
We present a methodology for production and application of electrospun hybrid materials containing commercial polyester (poly (butylene adipate-co-terephthalate; PBAT), and a conductive polymer (polypirrole; PPy) as scaffold for neuronal growth and differentiation. The physical-chemical properties of the scaffolds and optimization of the electrospinning parameters are presented. The electrospun scaffolds are biocompatible and allow proper adhesion and spread of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Fibers produced with PBAT with or without PPy were used as scaffold for Neuro2a mouse neuroblastoma cells adhesion and differentiation...
May 17, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Amit Chanda, Jaideep Adhikari, Aritri Ghosh, Sougata Roy Chowdhury, Sabu Thomas, Pallab Datta, Prosenjit Saha
Fabrication of mechanically stable, biocompatible bilayered polymeric scaffold consisting of chitosan(CS)/polycaprolactone(PCL) and hyaluronic acid(HA) using less toxic solvent system is presented in this study. Electrospinning technique to make the scaffold was used followed by morphological, physiochemical and mechanical characterizations. Average fiber diameter of CS/PCL-HA bilayered scaffold was found 362.2 ± 236 nm which is in the range of collagen fiber found in the extracellular matrices. Enhanced swelling, degradation, hydrophilicity and water vapour transmission rate were found for the bilayered scaffold compared to that of the PCL and CS-PCL scaffolds...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Ashley S Reynolds, Tanya H Pierre, Rebecca McCall, Ji Wu, Worlanyo E Gato
Tin dioxide nanofibers (SnDNFs) are small fibers that have many applications. Tin dioxide nanofibers can be used in cosmetics, solar cells, toxic gas release sensors, and air pollution control. To date there have been few studies on the cytotoxicity of SnDNFs. The goal of this research is to determine if electrospun SnDNFs are toxic in a lung cancer cell line (A549). Considering the nano-scale size of the fibers, they can easily be inhaled and enter the pulmonary system and cause toxic effects in the lung. Occupational exposure to SnDNFs has been linked to pulmonary disease, making the A549 cell line important in this study...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Gülben Avsar, Deniz Agirbasli, Mehmet Ali Agirbasli, Oguzhan Gunduz, Ebru Toksoy Oner
This represents the first systematic study where levan polysaccharide was used to fabricate fibrous matrices by co-axial and single-needle electrospinning techniques. For this, hydrolyzed (hHL) and sulfated hydrolyzed (ShHL) Halomonas levan were chemically synthesized and used together with polycaprolactone (PCL) and polyethyleneoxide (PEO) for the spinning process. In co-axially spun matrices, ultimate tensile strength (UTS) were found to increase with increasing ShHL concentration and elongation at break of PCL + ShHL matrices increased up to ten-fold when compared to PCL matrices...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Mohammad T Jafari, Mohammad Saraji, Mansoure Kermani
Carbon-silica hybrid nanofibers as high performance coatings for solid-phase microextraction fibers were used for analyzing some pesticides by using gas chromatography-corona discharge ion mobility spectrometry. To that end, the fibers were prepared by carbonizing sol-gel based on electrospun polyacrylonitrile and tetraethyl orthosilicate nanofibers as carbon and silica precursors, respectively. Different parameters affecting the electrospinning and the extraction processes including spinning distance, voltage, feeding rate, stirring rate, salt concentration, temperature and extraction time were optimized by response surface methodology...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Arjun Prasad Tiwari, Mahesh Kumar Joshi, Chan Hee Park, Cheol Sang Kim
Enhancing the biocompatibility profiles including cell attachment, growth, and viability and mechanical properties of designed synthetic scaffolds have an essential role in tissue engineering applications. Polymer blending is one of the most effective methods for providing new anticipated biomaterials for tissue scaffolds. Here, the blend solution of the different mass weight ratio of polycaprolactone (PCL) to human serum albumin (HSA) was subjected to fabricate nanocomposite spider-web-like membranes using electrospinning process...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Chechia Hu, Hui-Xin Huang, Yi-Feng Lin
Perovskite SrTiO3 nanofibers were successfully fabricated using a facile electrospinning method followed by calcination in air. The structures, morphologies, and photocatalytic performance of the one-dimensional SrTiO3 nanofibers were determined through X-ray diffraction, UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and degradation of organic dye under light irradiation. The nanofibrous SrTiO3 exhibited enhanced photocatalytic activity after photodeposition of Ag on its surface to degrade methylene orange dye...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Thenmozhi Sukumar, Dharmaraj Nallasamy
Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP)/copper oxide composite nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning technique using PVP and copper acetate as precursors and calcinated at high temperature to yield polymer free, phase pure copper oxide nanofibers (CuO NFs). The powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern, transmission electron microscopic (TEM) images and selected area electron diffraction pattern (SAED) results showed that the calcinated CuO NFs were crystalline with 166 nm diameter and monoclinic in phase. From the catalytic application point of view, the newly prepared electrospun CuO NFs were tested for N-arylation of imidazole using aryl halides...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Sang-Woo Kim, Byeong Wan An, Eunjin Cho, Byung Gwan Hyun, Yoon-Jong Moon, Sun-Kyung Kim, Jang-Ung Park
Structured metals can sustain a very large scattering cross-section that is induced by localized surface plasmons, which often has an adverse effect on their use as transparent electrodes in displays, touch screens, and smart windows due to an issue of low clarity. Here, we report a broadband optical cloaking strategy for the network of mesoscopic metal wires with submicrometer to micrometer diameters, which is exploited for manufacturing and application of high-clarity metal-wires-based transparent electrodes...
May 16, 2018: Nano Letters
Agnes B Meireles, Daniella K Corrêa, João Vw da Silveira, Ana Lg Millás, Edison Bittencourt, Gustavo Ea de Brito-Melo, Libardo A González-Torres
Electrospinning is one of the techniques to produce structured polymeric fibers in the micro or nano scale and to generate novel materials for biomedical proposes. Electrospinning versatility provides fibers that could support different surgical and rehabilitation treatments. However, its diversity in equipment assembly, polymeric materials, and functional molecules to be incorporated in fibers result in profusion of recent biomaterials that are not fully explored, even though the recognized relevance of the technique...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Johnson Efome, Dipak Rana, Takeshi Matsuura, Christopher Q Lan
Electrospun nanofiber composite membranes containing water stable metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) particles (Zr-based MOF-808) supported on polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofiber synthesized via co-electrospinning have been prepared. MOF particles were dispersed in the organic polymer and their subsequent presence was inferred by SEM. Membrane performance in heavy metal ion adsorption in batch filtration was evaluated based on Cd2+ and Zn2+ ions sequestration. The adsorption capacities of the pristine MOF and the MOF composite membrane revealed that MOF particles in the membrane could be accessed for adsorption in the hydrophilic PAN membranes...
May 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hong-Seok Jo, Min-Woo Kim, Bhavana Joshi, Edmund Samuel, Hyun Yoon, Mark T Swihart, Sam S Yoon
Charge recombination in CuO photocathodes inhibits efficient electron flow and limits the photo-electrochemical performance of these cathodes for solar water splitting. To circumvent this shortcoming, we introduce highly conductive Ni/CuO core-shell structured fibers. The photocurrent density (PCD) achieved with these core-shell fibers exceeded that of fibers without a Ni core by a factor of 2.6. The PCD enhancement arises from increased acceptor concentration and electron-hole recombination time, as measured by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy...
May 15, 2018: Nanoscale
Christopher D Johnson, Anthony R D'Amato, Devan L Puhl, Douglas M Wich, Amanda Vespermann, Ryan J Gilbert
Aligned, electrospun fiber scaffolds provide topographical guidance for regenerating neurons and glia after central nervous system injury. To date, no study has explored how fiber surface nanotopography affects astrocyte response to fibrous scaffolds. Astrocytes play important roles in the glial scar, the blood brain barrier, and in maintaining homeostasis in the central nervous system. In this study, electrospun poly L-lactic acid fibers were engineered with smooth, pitted, or divoted surface nanotopography...
May 15, 2018: Biomedical Materials
Baohua Li, Ruiying Shi, Cuiping Han, Xiaofu Xu, Xianying Qing, Lei Xu, Hongfei Li, Junqin Li, Ching-Ping Wong
Lithium ion capacitor (LIC) has been regarded as a promising device to combine the merits of lithium ion batteries and supercapacitors, which can meet the requirements for both high energy and power density. The development of advanced electrode is the key. Herein, we demonstrate the bottom-up synthesis of activated carbon nanofiber (a-PANF) with hierarchical porous structure and high graphitization degree. Electrospinning is employed to prepare interconnected fiber network with macropores and ferric acetylacetonate is introduced as both mesopore creating agent and graphitic catalyst to increase the graphitization degree...
May 14, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Seyedramin Pajoumshariati, Hadi Shirali, Seyedeh Kimia Yavari, Sogol Naghavi Sheikholeslami, Ghogha Lotfi, Fatemeh Mashhadi Abbas, Alireza Abbaspourrad
In periodontics, osteoconductive biodegradable guided bone regeneration (GBR) membranes with acceptable physico-mechanical properties are required to fix alveolar bone defects. The objectives of the present study were to produce and characterize a novel co-polyester-poly (butylene succinate-co-glycolate) (PBSGL), and fabricate a PBSGL membrane by electrospinning. We then aimed to evaluate the in vitro effect of the glycolate ratio on the biocompatibility and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and evaluate in vivo bone regeneration using these membranes in rabbit calvarial defects by histology...
May 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Zhenguang Li, Wenhong Hu, Yunhui Zhao, Lixia Ren, Xiaoyan Yuan
Integrated antibacterial and antifouling surfaces in favor of avoiding implant-related infections are necessarily required for biomaterials when they contact with the body fluid. In this work, an antibacterial and antifouling membrane was developed via cross-linking chitosan-g-eugenol and the zwitterionic copolymer poly(sulfobetaine methylacrylate-co-2-aminoethyl methacrylate) on the electrospun polycarbonate urethane substrate using genipin as a cross-linker. Antibacterial assays demonstrated that the prepared membranes had efficient antibacterial activity with 92...
April 27, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Yuzhu He, Yahui Jin, Xiumei Wang, Shenglian Yao, Yuanyuan Li, Qiong Wu, Guowu Ma, Fuzhai Cui, Huiying Liu
Guided bone regeneration (GBR) technique is widely used in the treatment of bone defects caused by peri-implantitis, periodontal disease, etc. However, the GBR membranes commonly used in clinical treatments currently have no antibacterial activity. Therefore, in this study, sequential layer-by-layer electrospinning and electrospraying techniques were utilized to prepare a gelatin (Gln) and chitosan (CS) composite GBR membrane containing hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (nHAp) and antimicrobial peptide (Pac-525)-loaded PLGA microspheres (AMP@PLGA-MS), which was supposed to have osteogenic and antibacterial activities...
May 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
Sarah Oliveira Lamas Souza, Monique Alvarenga Pinto Cotrim, Rodrigo Lambert Oréfice, Suzana Gonçalves Carvalho, Jessyca Aparecida Paes Dutra, Francisco de Paula Careta, Juliana Alves Resende, Janaina Cecília Oliveira Villanova
Cooperation between researchers in the areas of medical, pharmaceutical and materials science has facilitated the development of pharmaceutical dosage forms that elicit therapeutic effects and protective action with a single product. In addition to optimizing pharmacologic action, such dosage forms provide greater patient comfort and increase success and treatment compliance. In the present work, we prepared semipermeable bioactive electrospun fibers for use as wound dressings containing silver sulfadiazine complexed with β-cyclodextrin in a poly(Ɛ-caprolactone) nanofiber matrix aiming to reduce the direct contact between silver and skin and to modulate the drug release...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
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