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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916699/results-of-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-study-of-the-guidelines-for-exercise-in-multiple-sclerosis-project
#1
Yvonne C Learmonth, Brynn C Adamson, Dominique Kinnett-Hopkins, Maria Bohri, Robert W Motl
There is increasing recognition that exercise is an efficacious strategy for managing many consequences of multiple sclerosis (MS), yet persons with MS are not engaging in sufficient exercise for accruing health benefits. Poor exercise uptake might be associated with the design of previous research. We conducted a randomised controlled trial (RCT) for examining the feasibility of a 4-month home-based, exercise-training program designed based on recent physical activity guidelines for MS and supplemented by behavioural strategies for compliance...
December 1, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906448/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multicomponent-targeted-low-literacy-educational-intervention-compared-with-a-nontargeted-intervention-to-boost-colorectal-cancer-screening-with-fecal-immunochemical-testing-in-community-clinics
#2
Stacy N Davis, Shannon M Christy, Enmanuel A Chavarria, Rania Abdulla, Steven K Sutton, Alyssa R Schmidt, Susan T Vadaparampil, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Vani N Simmons, Chukwudi B Ufondu, Chitra Ravindra, Ida Schultz, Richard G Roetzheim, David Shibata, Cathy D Meade, Clement K Gwede
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to improve colorectal cancer (CRC) screening uptake with the fecal immunochemical test (FIT). The current study investigated the differential impact of a multicomponent, targeted, low-literacy educational intervention compared with a standard, nontargeted educational intervention. METHODS: Patients aged 50 to 75 years who were of average CRC risk and not up-to-date with CRC screening were recruited from either a federally qualified health center or a primary care community health clinic...
December 1, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906071/are-digital-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-effective-a-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Sarah Ellen Griffiths, Katherine E Brown, Emily Anne Fulton, Ildiko Tombor, Felix Naughton
BACKGROUND: Behavioural support for smoking cessation in pregnancy can be effective; however, many pregnant women face barriers to seeking support to stop smoking. Some digital interventions have been found to be effective for smoking cessation in the general population and may be effective for supporting cessation in pregnancy due to their flexibility and the potential for personalisation. To date, there is limited evidence of the effectiveness of digital interventions for smoking cessation in pregnancy...
December 1, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900151/can-the-otago-falls-prevention-program-be-delivered-by-video-a-feasibility-study
#4
Jennifer C Davis, Chun Liang Hsu, Winnie Cheung, Penny M A Brasher, Linda C Li, Karim M Khan, Jonathan Sykes, Dawn A Skelton, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the feasibility of delivering the Otago Exercise Programme (OEP) via an interactive DVD (ie, OEP-DVD) in combination with monthly physical therapist phone calls to older adults. DESIGN: This pre-post (baseline and 6-month follow-up) study included an intervention group (n=61) based in a rural location and a control group (n=21) based in a city. SETTING: Sechelt and Vancouver, British Columbia. PARTICIPANTS: 82 community-dwelling adults ≥75 years...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895522/effects-of-tai-chi-chuan-on-anxiety-and-sleep-quality-in-young-adults-lessons-from-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-study
#5
Karen L Caldwell, Shawn M Bergman, Scott R Collier, N Travis Triplett, Rebecca Quin, John Bergquist, Carl F Pieper
OBJECTIVE: To determine feasibility and estimate the effect of a 10-week tai chi chuan (TCC) intervention on anxiety and sleep quality in young adults. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five adults (18-40 years) from a predominately undergraduate midsized university. METHODS: This was an assessor blinded, randomized feasibility trial, and participants were randomized into one of three groups: 10 weeks of TCC meeting 2 times per week, 10 weeks of TCC with a DVD of the curriculum, and control group receiving a handout on anxiety management...
2016: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888685/label-free-piezoelectric-biosensor-for-prognosis-and-diagnosis-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#6
Noelle M do Nascimento, Augusto Juste-Dolz, Elena Grau-García, Jose A Román-Ivorra, Rosa Puchades, Angel Maquieira, Sergi Morais, David Gimenez-Romero
An autoantigen piezoelectric sensor to quantify specific circulating autoantibodies in human serum is developed. The sensor consisted on a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) where TRIM21 and TROVE2 autoantigens were covalently immobilized, allowing the selective determination of autoantibodies for diagnosis and prognosis of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). The sensitivity of the biosensor, measured as IC50 value, was 1.51U/mL and 0.32U/mL, for anti-TRIM21 and anti-TROVE2 circulating autoantibodies, respectively...
November 9, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879982/resistance-band-exercises-reduce-depression-and-behavioral-problems-of-wheelchair-bound-older-adults-with-dementia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Kuei-Min Chen, Chang-Chih Kuo, Ya-Hui Chang, Hsin-Ting Huang, Yin-Yin Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of a 15-month wheelchair-bound resistance band exercise program on depression and behavioral problems of wheelchair-bound older adults with dementia. DESIGN: Single-blind, cluster-randomized controlled trial with repeated measures. SETTING: Eight nursing homes in southern Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: Wheelchair-bound nursing home older adults with dementia who participated voluntarily (N = 150) were cluster-randomized to two groups (experimental or control group); 127 completed the study (experimental: four nursing homes, n = 65; control: four nursing homes, n = 62)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876035/study-protocol-evaluation-of-a-dvd-intervention-designed-to-meet-the-informaton-needs-of-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-and-their-partner-carer-and-families
#8
Vicki Parker, Leearna Bennett, Douglas Bellamy, Benjamin Britton, Sylvia Lambert
BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo surgery for cancer of the head and neck and their families face complex and difficult challenges and are at risk of anxiety and depression and inability to cope with symptom and treatment burden. Information available to support them is not flexible enough to adjust to individual need. DESIGN/METHODS: A randomised clinical trial pre and post intervention design, comparing the use of a tailored DVD intervention, provided preoperatively and used throughout the post- operative period, with usual treatment...
November 22, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849411/systematic-reviews-published-in-the-july-2016-issue-of-the-cochrane-library
#9
Philip J Wiffen
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly as a DVD and monthly online ( http://www.thecochranelibrary.com ). The July 2016 issue (third DVD for 2016) contains 6963 complete reviews, 2457 protocols for reviews in production. In addition, there are citations of 945,000 randomized controlled trials, and 15,700 cited papers in the Cochrane Methodology Register. The Health Technology Assessment database contains some 16,000 citations. One hundred and twenty-one new reviews have been published in the previous three months, of which four have potential relevance for practitioners in pain and palliative medicine...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832693/distance-learning-can-be-as-effective-as-traditional-learning-for-medical-students-in-the-initial-assessment-of-trauma-patients
#10
Shervin Farahmand, Ebrahim Jalili, Mona Arbab, Mojtaba Sedaghat, Mandana Shirazi, Fatemeh Keshmiri, Arsalan Azizpour, Somayeh Valadkhani, Shahram Bagheri-Hariri
Distance learning is expanding and replacing the traditional academic medical settings. Managing trauma patients seems to be a prerequisite skill for medical students. This study has been done to evaluate the efficiency of distance learning on performing the initial assessment and management in trauma patients, compared with the traditional learning among senior medical students. One hundred and twenty senior medical students enrolled in this single-blind quasi-experimental study and were equally divided into the experimental (distance learning) and control group (traditional learning)...
September 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829643/determinants-of-in-hospital-death-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-with-triple-vessel-disease
#11
Yusuke Watanabe, Kenichi Sakakura, Yousuke Taniguchi, Yusuke Adachi, Masamitsu Noguchi, Naoyuki Akashi, Hiroshi Wada, Shin-Ichi Momomura, Hideo Fujita
Compared to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with single vessel disease (SVD) or double vessel disease (DVD), AMI with triple vessel disease (TVD) is associated with higher mortality. The aim of this study was to identify the determinants of in-hospital death in AMI with TVD. We identified AMI patients with TVD in our tertiary medical center between January 2009 and December 2014. Baseline patient characteristics including laboratory data, echocardiograms, and coronary angiograms were collected from our hospital records...
November 9, 2016: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821974/effect-of-mental-practice-using-inverse-video-of-the-unaffected-upper-limb-in-a-subject-with-chronic-hemiparesis-after-stroke
#12
Naoki Iso, Shirou Ooso, Noboru Yamamoto, Takefumi Moriuchi, Akira Sagari, Fumiko Iso, Koji Tanaka, Takayuki Tabira, Toshio Higashi
[Purpose] The aim of this case study was to investigate whether a method of mental practice (MP) using an inverse video of a subject's unaffected limb to complement the vividness of motor imagery (MI) would be effective for improving affected upper limb function. [Subjects and Methods] The participant was 60-year-old male in the chronic stage of stroke recovery with left sided hemiparesis. The design of the study was AB method of Single-System-Design. He performed the MP as a home program with DVD. The intervention lasted 30 minutes a session, twice a day, 5 times a week, over 6 weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819045/long-term-data-storage-in-diamond
#13
Siddharth Dhomkar, Jacob Henshaw, Harishankar Jayakumar, Carlos A Meriles
The negatively charged nitrogen vacancy (NV(-)) center in diamond is the focus of widespread attention for applications ranging from quantum information processing to nanoscale metrology. Although most work so far has focused on the NV(-) optical and spin properties, control of the charge state promises complementary opportunities. One intriguing possibility is the long-term storage of information, a notion we hereby introduce using NV-rich, type 1b diamond. As a proof of principle, we use multicolor optical microscopy to read, write, and reset arbitrary data sets with two-dimensional (2D) binary bit density comparable to present digital-video-disk (DVD) technology...
October 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814722/implementation-of-the-tobacco-tactics-intervention-versus-usual-care-in-trinity-health-community-hospitals
#14
Sonia A Duffy, David L Ronis, Lee A Ewing, Andrea H Waltje, Stephanie V Hall, Patricia L Thomas, Christine M Olree, Kimberly A Maguire, Lisa Friedman, Sue Klotz, Neil Jordan, Gay L Landstrom
BACKGROUND: Guided by the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) implementation framework, a National Institutes of Health-sponsored study compared the nurse-administered Tobacco Tactics intervention to usual care. A prior paper describes the effectiveness of the Tobacco Tactics intervention. This subsequent paper provides data describing the remaining constructs of the RE-AIM framework. METHODS: This pragmatic study used a mixed methods, quasi-experimental design in five Michigan community hospitals of which three received the nurse-administered Tobacco Tactics intervention and two received usual care...
November 4, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808529/mindful-eating-reduces-impulsive-food-choice-in-adolescents-and-adults
#15
Kelsie L Hendrickson, Erin B Rasmussen
Objective: The present study tested the extent to which age and obesity predicted impulsive choices for food and monetary outcomes and tested how a brief mindful-eating training would alter delay discounting for food and money choices compared with control groups. Method: First, 172 adolescents (Mage = 13.13 years) and 176 (Mage = 23.33 years) adults completed the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) and Monetary Choice Questionnaire (MCQ) as measures of food and money delay discounting, respectively. Then, participants returned to the lab and were randomly assigned to complete a brief mindful-eating training, watch a DVD on nutrition, or serve as a control...
November 3, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790776/the-effect-of-interrupted-defocus-on-blur-adaptation
#16
Kiren A Khan, Matthew P Cufflin, Edward A H Mallen
PURPOSE: Blur adaptation occurs when an observer is exposed to continuous defocus. However, it is unclear whether adaptation requires constant defocus, or whether the effect can still be achieved when the adaptation period is interrupted by short periods of clear vision. METHODS: The study included 12 emmetropes and 12 myopes. All observers wore full refractive correction throughout the experiment. 1D and 3D of myopic defocus was introduced using spherical convex lenses...
November 2016: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785646/a-feasibility-study-of-educational-tools-for-osteomalacia
#17
R Waxman, A Adebajo, S Robinson, D Walker, M Johnson, A Rahman, A Samanta, K Kumar, K Raza, P Helliwell
Many people in the UK, particularly people of South Asian origin, are advised to supplement their vitamin D intake, yet most do not. This suggests an unmet educational need. The osteomalacia mind map was developed to meet this need. The mind map contains culturally sensitive images, translated into Urdu and made interactive on a DVD. This study explores the feasibility of a randomised controlled study to measure the effect of education on improving vitamin D knowledge and adherence. This was a pilot and feasibility study...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779768/randomized-controlled-trial-of-family-based-education-for-patients-with-heart-failure-and-their-carers
#18
Nittaya Srisuk, Jan Cameron, Chantal F Ski, David R Thompson
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate a heart failure education programme developed for patients and carers in Thailand. BACKGROUND: Heart failure is major health problem. This is the first trial of a family-based education programme for heart failure patients and carers residing in rural Thailand. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: One hundred patient-carer dyads attending cardiac clinics in southern Thailand from April 2014 - March 2015 were randomized to usual care (n = 50) or a family-based education programme (n = 50) comprising face-to-face counselling, a heart failure manual and DVD and telephone support...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774351/impact-of-a-10-minute-seated-yoga-practice-in-the-management-of-diabetes
#19
Rashmi S Mullur, Donna Ames
OBJECTIVE: We sought to prospectively evaluate the impact of a 10 minute seated yoga program added to standard comprehensive diabetes care on glucose control and cardiovascular health in the severely ill, medically complex diabetic population. METHOD: A total of 10 patients with type 2 diabetes, ages 49-77, with duration of diabetes >10 years and haemoglobin A1C >9% (75 mmol/mol) were included in the study. Patients randomized to a yoga intervention were taught a 10 minute seated yoga practice, were given an explanatory DVD and a fold-out pocket guide to encourage adherence at home, and were instructed to incorporate the practice as often as they could...
January 18, 2016: Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768193/internet-competency-predicts-practical-hearing-aid-knowledge-and-skills-in-first-time-hearing-aid-users
#20
David Maidment, William Brassington, Heather Wharrad, Melanie Ferguson
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to assess whether Internet competency predicted practical hearing aid knowledge and handling skills in first-time hearing aid users. Method: The design was a prospective, randomized controlled trial of a multimedia educational intervention consisting of interactive video tutorials (or reusable learning objects [RLOs]). RLOs were delivered through DVD for TV or PC, and online. Internet competency was measured at the hearing aid fitting appointment, whereas hearing aid knowledge and practical handling skills were assessed 6 weeks postfitting...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
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