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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111457/graded-versus-ungraded-inferior-oblique-anterior-transposition-in-patients-with-asymmetric-dissociated-vertical-deviation
#1
Zhale Rajavi, Mohadeseh Feizi, Ali Naderi, Hamideh Sabbaghi, Narges Behradfar, Mehdi Yaseri, Mohammad Faghihi
PURPOSE: To report the surgical outcomes of graded versus ungraded inferior oblique anterior transposition (IOAT) in treatment of patients with asymmetric dissociated vertical deviation (DVD) and bilateral inferior oblique overaction (IOOA). METHODS: A total of 74 eyes of 37 patients with asymmetric DVD (interocular difference of ≥5(Δ)) and bilateral IOOA of > +1 were included in this randomized clinical trial. In the ungraded group (n = 18), both inferior oblique muscles were sutured at the inferior rectus level; in the graded group (n = 19), the inferior oblique muscles of eyes with more DVD were sutured at the level of the inferior rectus and inferior oblique muscles of eyes with less DVD were sutured 2 mm posterior to the level of the inferior rectus muscle...
October 27, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107605/human-health-risks-related-to-the-consumption-of-foodstuffs-of-animal-origin-contaminated-by-bisphenol-a
#2
Sébastien Gorecki, Nawel Bemrah, Alain-Claude Roudot, Eric Marchioni, Bruno Le Bizec, Franck Faivre, Manik Kadawathagedara, Jérémie Botton, Gilles Rivière
Bisphenol A (BPA) is used in a wide variety of products and objects for consumers use (digital media such as CD's and DVD's, sport equipment, food and beverage containers, medical equipment). For humans, the main route of exposure to BPA is food. Based on previous estimates, almost 20% of the dietary exposure to BPA in the French population would be from food of animal origin. However, due to the use of composite samples, the source of the contamination had not been identified. Therefore, 322 individual samples of non-canned foods of animal origin were collected with the objectives of first updating the estimation of the exposure of the French population and second identifying the source of contamination of these foodstuffs using a specific analytical method...
October 28, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101865/maternal-and-paternal-experiences-and-satisfaction-with-a-co-parenting-breastfeeding-support-intervention-in-canada
#3
Jennifer Abbass-Dick, Cindy-Lee Dennis
OBJECTIVE: Long-standing suboptimal breastfeeding rates suggest the design of interventions to assist parents in meeting international recommendations is warranted. Targeting both parents is necessary given research that indicates partner support for breastfeeding increases initiation, duration and exclusivity. The objective of this study was to determine maternal and paternal satisfaction with the intervention they received while participating in a co-parenting breastfeeding support trial...
October 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098333/synthesis-of-multirecognition-magnetic-molecularly-imprinted-polymer-by-atom-transfer-radical-polymerization-and-its-application-in-magnetic-solid-phase-extraction
#4
Xiang-Jin Kong, Chao Zheng, Yao-Han Lan, Shuai-Shuai Chi, Qian Dong, Hao-Long Liu, Chao Peng, Lin-Yi Dong, Liang Xu, Xian-Hua Wang
In this work, we reported an effective method for the synthesis of a multirecognition magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer (MMIP) with atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), using 2,4-diamino-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazine as pseudo-template. The resulting MMIP was characterized in detail by Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectra, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetic analysis (TGA), and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). These results indicated the successful synthesis of MMIP with sufficient thermal stability and magnetic properties...
November 2, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084041/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-two-different-decision-aids-for-stable-chest-discomfort
#5
Liis Hinsberg, Felisha Marques, Lauren Leavitt, Christine Skubisz, Karen Sepucha, Jason H Wasfy
BACKGROUND: Decision aids (DAs) have been shown to increase decision quality in randomized controlled trials. This study compared the effectiveness of two different decision aids with different modes of delivery. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Patients with angiogram-proven coronary artery disease (CAD) were eligible to participate and randomly assigned to either a booklet/DVD DA or an online DA. Participants completed a survey after viewing the material that assessed patients' knowledge, treatment preferences, use of and satisfaction with the tool, and open-ended reflections on the treatment decision-making process...
October 27, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062027/harnessing-a-catalytic-lysine-residue-for-the-one-step-preparation-of-homogeneous-antibody-drug-conjugates
#6
Alex R Nanna, Xiuling Li, Even Walseng, Lee Pedzisa, Rebecca S Goydel, David Hymel, Terrence R Burke, William R Roush, Christoph Rader
Current strategies to produce homogeneous antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) rely on mutations or inefficient conjugation chemistries. Here we present a strategy to produce site-specific ADCs using a highly reactive natural buried lysine embedded in a dual variable domain (DVD) format. This approach is mutation free and drug conjugation proceeds rapidly at neutral pH in a single step without removing any charges. The conjugation chemistry is highly robust, enabling the use of crude DVD for ADC preparation. In addition, this strategy affords the ability to precisely monitor the efficiency of drug conjugation with a catalytic assay...
October 24, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042033/serious-game-training-improves-performance-in-combat-life-saving-interventions
#7
Jerome Planchon, Anthony Vacher, Jeremy Comblet, Eric Rabatel, Françoise Darses, Alexandre Mignon, Pierre Pasquier
AIM: In modern warfare, almost 25% of combat-related deaths are considered preventable if life-saving interventions are performed. Therefore, Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) training for soldiers is a major challenge. In 2014, the French Military Medical Service supported the development of 3D-SC1(®), a serious game designed for the French TCCC program, entitled Sauvetage au Combat de niveau 1 (SC1). Our study aimed to evaluate the impact on performance of additional training with 3D-SC1(®)...
October 12, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025695/exploring-the-potential-of-a-wearable-camera-to-examine-the-early-obesogenic-home-environment-comparison-of-sensecam-images-to-the-home-environment-interview
#8
Stephanie Schrempft, Cornelia Hm van Jaarsveld, Abigail Fisher
BACKGROUND: The obesogenic home environment is usually examined via self-report, and objective measures are required. OBJECTIVE: This study explored whether the wearable camera SenseCam can be used to examine the early obesogenic home environment and whether it is useful for validation of self-report measures. METHODS: A total of 15 primary caregivers of young children (mean age of child 4 years) completed the Home Environment Interview (HEI)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983084/patients-experiences-of-breathing-retraining-for-asthma-a-qualitative-process-analysis-of-participants-in-the-intervention-arms-of-the-breathe-trial
#9
Emily Arden-Close, Lucy Yardley, Sarah Kirby, Mike Thomas, Anne Bruton
Poor symptom control and impaired quality of life are common in adults with asthma, and breathing retraining exercises may be an effective method of self-management. This study aimed to explore the experiences of participants in the intervention arms of the BREATHE trial, which investigated the effectiveness of breathing retraining as a mode of asthma management. Sixteen people with asthma (11 women, 8 per group) who had taken part in the intervention arms of the BREATHE trial (breathing retraining delivered by digital versatile disc (DVD) or face-to-face sessions with a respiratory physiotherapist) took part in semi-structured telephone interviews about their experiences...
October 5, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965138/enhancing-an-oncologist-s-recommendation-to-exercise-to-manage-fatigue-levels-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Kerri M Winters-Stone, Esther L Moe, Cynthia K Perry, Mary Medysky, Rodney Pommier, John Vetto, Arpana Naik
PURPOSE: Fatigue is a troublesome symptom for breast cancer patients, which might be mitigated with exercise. Cancer patients often prefer their oncologist recommend an exercise program, yet a recommendation alone may not be enough to change behavior. Our study determined whether adding an exercise DVD to an oncologist's recommendation to exercise led to better outcomes than a recommendation alone. METHODS: Ninety breast cancer patients, at varying phases of treatment and stages of disease, were randomized to receive the following: an oncologist verbal recommendation to exercise (REC; n = 43) or REC plus a cancer-specific yoga DVD (REC + DVD; n = 47)...
September 30, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950888/an-education-intervention-to-improve-health-literacy-and-decision-making-about-supporting-self-care-among-older-australians-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Caroline A Smith, Esther Chang, Gisselle Gallego, Lynda G Balneaves
BACKGROUND: Older Australians are high consumers of complementary and alternative medicines (CM). To help older people to take an active role in their health, we will develop and evaluate a novel educational intervention to support decision self-efficacy, and improve health literacy skills. METHODS: The primary hypothesis is that participants receiving a web/DVD plus booklet intervention compared with a booklet-only group will demonstrate an increase in decision self-efficacy...
September 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949974/aerobic-exercise-for-vasomotor-menopausal-symptoms-a-cost-utility-analysis-based-on-the-active-women-trial
#12
Ilias Goranitis, Leana Bellanca, Amanda J Daley, Adele Thomas, Helen Stokes-Lampard, Andrea K Roalfe, Sue Jowett
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-utility of two exercise interventions relative to a control group for vasomotor menopausal symptoms. DESIGN: Economic evaluation taking a UK National Health Service and Personal Social Services perspective and a societal perspective. SETTING: Primary care. POPULATION: Peri- and postmenopausal women who have not used hormone therapy in the past 3 months and experience ≥ 5 episodes of vasomotor symptoms daily...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948590/-the-effect-of-family-member-reminders-on-reducing-anxiety-and-unplanned-extubation-in-icu-patients
#13
Li-Ching Lin, Yann-Fen C Chao, Pi-Chu Lin
BACKGROUND: Patients with endotracheal intubation often experience anxiety because they are unable to express their needs freely. However, the family members of these patients are able to provide encouragement, comfort, and substantive support. PURPOSE: The aims of the present study were: (1) to compare the anxiety scores, vital signs, and incidence of unplanned extubation (UE) between the two comparison groups; (2) to compare the differences in vital signs before and after the intervention in the experimental group; and (3) to explore the satisfaction of patients in the experimental group with the intervention...
October 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944752/a-randomised-controlled-study-of-the-effectiveness-of-breathing-retraining-exercises-taught-by-a-physiotherapist-either-by-instructional-dvd-or-in-face-to-face-sessions-in-the-management-of-asthma-in-adults
#14
Mike Thomas, Anne Bruton, Paul Little, Stephen Holgate, Amanda Lee, Lucy Yardley, Steve George, James Raftery, Jennifer Versnel, David Price, Ian Pavord, Ratko Djukanovic, Michael Moore, Sarah Kirby, Guiqing Yao, Shihua Zhu, Emily Arden-Close, Manimekalai Thiruvothiyur, Frances Webley, Mark Stafford-Watson, Elizabeth Dixon, Lynda Taylor
BACKGROUND: Asthma control is suboptimal, resulting in quality of life (QoL) impairment and costs. Breathing retraining exercises have evidence of effectiveness as adjuvant treatment, but are infrequently used. OBJECTIVES: To transfer the contents of a brief (three-session) physiotherapist-delivered breathing retraining programme to a digital versatile disc (DVD) and booklet format; to compare the effectiveness of the self-guided intervention with that of 'face-to-face' physiotherapy and usual care for QoL and other asthma-related outcomes; to perform a health economic assessment of both interventions; and to perform a process evaluation using quantitative and qualitative methods...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933880/media-exposure-in-very-young-girls-prospective-and-cross-sectional-relationships-with-bmiz-self-esteem-and-body-size-stereotypes
#15
Rachel F Rodgers, Stephanie R Damiano, Eleanor H Wertheim, Susan J Paxton
Media exposure among young children has been suggested to influence self-concept and the adoption of social stereotypes regarding body weight, as well as being associated with increased weight. The aim of this study was to examine the role of TV/DVD viewing in the development of positive stereotypes toward thinness, self-esteem and body mass index standardized for child age and gender (BMIz) in very young girls. A sample of 143 girls completed interviews at ages 3, 4, and 5 years old. The interviews assessed positive stereotypes about thinness among girls, as well as age 5 dietary restraint...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924312/outcome-of-early-surgery-in-infantile-esotropia-our-experience-in-tertiary-care-hospital
#16
Anirudh Singh, J K S Parihar, S K Mishra, R Maggon, Anurag Badhani
BACKGROUND: Infantile esotropia is a convergent strabismus presenting before 6 months of age and is the most common strabismus disorder presenting in the ophthalmology OPD. The dilemma of whether to go for early surgery and how early has been a matter of research for the last 50 years. We describe our results of surgery in infantile esotropia at variable age groups, as well as with different reoperation rates and compare with the results in western literature. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out through a review of 113 cases operated for infantile esotropia between February 2013 and August 2014...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913131/the-significance-of-reverse-flow-in-ductus-venosus-between-sixteen-and-twenty-weeks-gestation
#17
Gökhan Karakoç, And Yavuz, Serenat Eriş Yalçın, Mehmet Özgür Akkurt, Nuri Danışman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between reversed a-wave in ductus venosus at 16-20 weeks' gestation and trisomy 21 and adverse perinatal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included 174 pregnant women who were under follow-up at a tertiary center between May and September 2010. Ductus venosus Doppler (DVD) measurements were obtained throughout the 6-month period from women who underwent amniocentesis procedures due to increased risk for trisomy 21 in terms of first or second trimester screening test results...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904215/everyday-exotropia-learning-from-the-littlest
#18
Judy L Petrunak
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early onset exodeviations in systemically and ocularly healthy young children, diagnosed at less than 1 year of age, may be of the constant, "infantile XT" type, or early X(T) type. The onset of common childhood X(T) is not clearly known. The purpose of this lecture is to discuss theories and characteristics of early onset exodeviations, and report on our observations of infantile XT and early X(T) at Children's Eye Care in Michigan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 470 cases of childhood exodeviations (ages 6 months to 15 years) were reviewed and met inclusion criteria of no prior surgical treatment, no ocular, CNS or craniofacial disease, and no significant prematurity...
January 2017: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874191/internet-or-dvd-for-distance-learning-to-isolated-rural-health-professionals-what-is-the-best-approach
#19
Lanto Barthelemy Rakototiana, Rajabo, Serge Gottot
BACKGROUND: Distance Learning (DL) is a means to overcome the barriers that prevent health workers access to medical education and training sessions to update their knowledge. The main objective of this study is to compare the knowledge acquisition among practitioners Heads of Health Based Center (HBC) for the management of hypertension in two training modalities, one interactive, via internet (by Visio conferencing and video Conferencing), and other non-interactive, via DVD in the three regions (Miarinarivo, Moramanga and Manjakandriana) of Madagascar...
September 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836316/maximum-permissible-load-for-kiso-horses-trotting-over-a-short-straight-course
#20
Akihiro Matsuura, Sota Inoue, Mami Irimajiri, Koichi Hodate
This study aimed to determine the load-bearing capacity of trotting Kiso horses using gait analysis. Ten Kiso horses with a height at withers of 128 cm were included. Their riders were fitted with a marker (70 mm in diameter placed on their chest) recorded by two digital DVD cameras while trotting along a short, straight course. In total, eight tests were performed for each horse: the first with a 70 kg load; six with randomly loaded weights ranging 80-130 kg; and then a final test again with a 70 kg load...
August 24, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
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