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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218593/video-feedback-intervention-to-enhance-the-safety-of-older-drivers-with-cognitive-impairment
#1
Brian R Ott, Jennifer D Davis, Kimberly Bixby
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that g-force technology can be used to help older adults with cognitive impairment improve their driving safety as part of an in-car video feedback intervention. METHOD: Unsafe driving events triggered g-forces leading to capture of video clips. The program included 3 mo of monitoring without intervention, 3 mo of intervention (weekly written progress reports, a DVD of unsafe driving events, and weekly telephone contacts), and 3 mo of postintervention monitoring...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187726/results-and-lessons-learned-from-a-prevention-of-weight-gain-program-for-low-income-overweight-and-obese-young-mothers-mothers-in-motion
#2
Mei-Wei Chang, Roger Brown, Susan Nitzke
BACKGROUND: Mothers In Motion (MIM), a community-based lifestyle behavioral intervention, was designed and conducted to help low-income overweight and obese young mothers prevent further weight gain via promotion of stress management, healthy eating, and physical activity. This paper presents intervention effect on body weight (primary outcome) and summarizes lessons learned. METHODS: Participants (N = 612) were recruited from 7 Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) offices in Michigan and were individually randomized to an intervention n= 410) or a comparison (n =202) group (2: 1 ratio)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166788/motivational-theater-to-increase-consumption-of-vegetable-dishes-by-preschool-children
#3
Theresa Nicklas, Sandra Lopez, Yan Liu, Rabab Saab, Robert Reiher
BACKGROUND: By 3 years of age, many children have developed a dislike for certain foods, particularly vegetables. Seventy-five percent of young children consume less than the recommended levels for vegetables. The objective of this randomized feasibility intervention was to demonstrate the impact of an innovative approach to increase consumption of vegetable dishes by minority preschool children attending Head Start. The specific aims included the collection of data to assess feasibility and efficacy of the intervention...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146450/patient-simulation-for-assessment-of-layperson-management-of-opioid-overdose-with-intranasal-naloxone-in-a-recently-released-prisoner-cohort
#4
Leo Kobayashi, Traci C Green, Sarah E Bowman, Madeline C Ray, Michelle S McKenzie, Josiah D Rich
INTRODUCTION: Investigators applied simulation to an experimental program that educated, trained, and assessed at-risk, volunteering prisoners on opioid overdose (OD) prevention, recognition, and layperson management with intranasal (IN) naloxone. METHODS: Consenting inmates were assessed for OD-related experience and knowledge then exposed on-site to standardized didactics and educational DVD (without simulation). Subjects were provided with IN naloxone kits at time of release and scheduled for postrelease assessment...
February 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129548/a-preliminary-randomised-control-trial-of-the-effects-of-dru-yoga-on-psychological-well-being-in-northern-irish-first-time-mothers
#5
Deirdre Timlin, Ellen Elizabeth Anne Simpson
BACKGROUND: the transition to motherhood can be stressful, especially for first time mothers. Recent research has shown that yoga can be effective for enhancing psychological well-being. OBJECTIVES: the purpose of this study was to establish if a postpartum Dru yoga intervention improves psychological well-being in first time mothers. DESIGN: a randomised controlled study was conducted. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: first time mothers were recruited from a Sure Start Community Centre and included in the study if they had a baby aged between 6 weeks to one-year-old...
January 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111067/standardized-direct-observation-assessment-tool-using-a-training-video
#6
Kathleen E Kane, Kevin R Weaver, Gavin C Barr, Gary Bonfante, Nicole L Bendock, Brian M Berry, Stephanie L Goren-Garcia, Marc B Lewbart, Allison L Raines, Gregory Smeriglio, Bryan G Kane
BACKGROUND: We developed a DVD training tool to educate physicians evaluating emergency residents on accurate Standardized Direct Observation Assessment Tool (SDOT) application. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to assess whether this training video improved attendings' and senior residents' SDOT use. METHODS: Participants voluntarily completed SDOT evaluations based on a scripted "test" video. A DVD with "positive" and "negative" scenarios of proper SDOT use was viewed...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105866/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-couple-counselling-and-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-after-operation-for-prostate-cancer
#7
Randi V Karlsen, Pernille E Bidstrup, Helle Hvarness, Per Bagi, Elisabeth Friis Lippert, Rikke Permild, Annamaria Giraldi, Agnethe Lawaetz, Eva Krause, Ulla Due, Christoffer Johansen
BACKGROUND: Radical prostatectomy is often followed by long-lasting erectile dysfunction and urinary incontinence, with adverse effects on the quality of life and intimate relationship of patients and partners. We developed the ProCan intervention to ameliorate sexual and urological dysfunction after radical prostatectomy and examined its feasibility, acceptability and changes in sexual function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between May 2014 and October 2014, seven couples attending the Department of Urology, Rigshospitalet, were included 3-4 weeks after radical prostatectomy in the ProCan intervention, which consists of up to six couple counselling sessions, group instruction in pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT), up to three individual PFMT sessions and a DVD home training program...
January 20, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097926/a-pilot-study-of-a-minimally-supervised-home-exercise-and-walking-program-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-jordan
#8
Hanan Khalil, Monica Busse, Lori Quinn, Mohammad Nazzal, Waleed Batyha, Shatha Alkhazaleh, Mahmoud A Alomari
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and cultural considerations of a minimally supervised, home-based exercise program in Jordan. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative approaches were used. Thirty participants were randomly allocated to either an 8-week intervention group (n = 16), or a standard care group (n = 14). The intervention incorporated the home use of an exercise DVD, walking program and initial instructional sessions and weekly phone calls provided by a physiotherapist...
February 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095347/using-experience-based-co-design-with-older-patients-their-families-and-staff-to-improve-palliative-care-experiences-in-the-emergency-department-a-reflective-critique-on-the-process-and-outcomes
#9
Rebecca Wright Née Blackwell, Karen Lowton, Glenn Robert, Corita Grudzen, Patricia Grocott
BACKGROUND: Increasing use of emergency departments among older patients with palliative needs has led to the development of several service-level interventions intended to improve care quality. There is little evidence of patient and family involvement in developmental processes, and little is known about the experiences of - and preferences for - palliative care delivery in this setting. Participatory action research seeking to enable collaborative working between patients and staff should enhance the impact of local quality improvement work but has not been widely implemented in such a complex setting...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087894/public-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-rates-and-awareness-of-hands-only-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-victorians
#10
Janet E Bray, Karen Smith, Rosalind Case, Susie Cartledge, Lahn Straney, Judith Finn
OBJECTIVES: To provide contemporary Australian data on the public's training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and awareness of hands-only CPR. METHODS: A cross-sectional telephone survey in April 2016 of adult residents of the Australian state of Victoria was conducted. Primary outcomes were rates of CPR training and awareness of hands-only CPR. RESULTS: Of the 404 adults surveyed (mean age 55 ± 17 years, 59% female, 73% metropolitan residents), 274 (68%) had undergone CPR training...
January 13, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078412/simultaneous-determination-of-four-food-allergens-using-compact-disc-immunoassaying-technology
#11
Ahmed Ali Badran, Sergi Morais, Ángel Maquieira
A multiplex competitive microimmunoassay for the simultaneous determination of gliadin, casein, β-lactoglobulin, and ovalbumin is presented. The assay in microarray format is performed on a DVD where the allergens are physisorbed on the polycarbonate surface of the disc. The immunointeraction is detected using a mixture of specific gold-labeled antibodies and the signal amplified with the silver enhancement method. The optical density of the precipitate, read by a DVD drive, is related to the concentration of the four allergens in sample...
January 11, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074385/use-of-a-cd-laser-pickup-head-to-fabricate-microelectrodes-in-polymethylmethacrylate-substrates-for-biosensing-applications
#12
Jehú López-Aparicio, Mathieu Hautefeuille, Sara Herrera-Domínguez, Adriana Razo-de-León, Mariel Cano-Jorge, Ixchetl Rojas-Benito, Mariana Centeno-Sierra, Tatiana Fiordelisio-Coll, Catalina Elizabeth Stern-Forgach
In this work, we report a simple fabrication method for microelectrodes on a polymethylmethacrylate substrate, using a low-cost laser platform based on a CD-DVD unit for direct rapid-prototyping. We used this laser microfabrication technique to etch any desired design on polymethylmethacrylate substrates to produce microchannels with controlled geometry, with a highly repeatable micron-scale resolution. Those shallow microchannels were then filled with a conductive paste of material of our choice that was converted into microelectrodes of desired shapes and geometries after drying...
March 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067365/inverted-organic-solar-cells-enhanced-by-grating-coupled-surface-plasmons-and-waveguide-modes
#13
Kazuma Hara, Chutiparn Lertvachirapaiboon, Ryousuke Ishikawa, Yasuo Ohdaira, Kazunari Shinbo, Keizo Kato, Futao Kaneko, Akira Baba
In this study, we demonstrate improved photovoltaic properties in inverted organic thin-film solar cells by simultaneous excitation of grating-coupled surface plasmons and grating-coupled waveguide modes on gold grating surfaces. The cell consists of a glass-ITO substrate/titanium dioxide/poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl):phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate)/gold structure. The grating structures were fabricated on P3HT:PCBM layers using a nanoimprinting technique with a PDMS stamp...
January 9, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038720/prevalence-and-characterization-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-with-symptomatic-bradyarrhythmias-requiring-pacemaker-implantation
#14
Mohammad S Alai, Jahangir Rashid Beig, Sanjay Kumar, Irfan Yaqoob, Imran Hafeez, Ajaz A Lone, Mohammad Iqbal Dar, Hilal A Rather
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to assess the prevalence and characterization of CAD in high risk patients requiring pacemaker implantation for symptomatic bradyarrhythmias. METHODS: This study included 100 patients with symptomatic sinus node dysfunction or atrioventricular block, who were at high risk of CAD or had previously documented atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASCVD). Coronary angiography was performed before pacemaker implantation. CAD was defined as the presence of any degree of narrowing in at least one major coronary artery or its first order branch...
December 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010994/pelvic-floor-muscle-training-for-secondary-prevention-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-prevprol-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Suzanne Hagen, Cathryn Glazener, Doreen McClurg, Christine Macarthur, Andrew Elders, Peter Herbison, Don Wilson, Philip Toozs-Hobson, Christine Hemming, Jean Hay-Smith, Marissa Collins, Sylvia Dickson, Janet Logan
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor muscle training can reduce prolapse severity and symptoms in women seeking treatment. We aimed to assess whether this intervention could also be effective in secondary prevention of prolapse and the need for future treatment. METHODS: We did this multicentre, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial at three centres in New Zealand and the UK. Women from a longitudinal study of pelvic floor function after childbirth were potentially eligible for inclusion...
January 28, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009745/safety-and-feasibility-of-minimally-invasive-inguinal-lymph-node-dissection-in-patients-with-melanoma-safe-milnd-report-of-a-prospective-multi-institutional-trial
#16
James W Jakub, Alicia M Terando, Amod Sarnaik, Charlotte E Ariyan, Mark B Faries, Sabino Zani, Heather B Neuman, Nabil Wasif, Jeffrey M Farma, Bruce J Averbook, Karl Y Bilimoria, Travis E Grotz, Jacob B Jake Allred, Vera J Suman, Mary Sue Brady, Douglas Tyler, Jeffrey D Wayne, Heidi Nelson
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive inguinal lymph node dissection (MILND) is a novel approach to inguinal lymphadenectomy. SAFE-MILND (NCT01500304) is a multicenter, phase I/II clinical trial evaluating the safety and feasibility of MILND for patients with melanoma in a group of surgeons newly adopting the procedure. METHODS: Twelve melanoma surgeons from 10 institutions without any previous MILND experience, enrolled patients into a prospective study after completing specialized training including didactic lectures, participating in a hands-on cadaveric laboratory, and being provided an instructional DVD of the procedure...
January 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991810/couple-relationship-education-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-professional-contact-and-self-directed-tools
#17
Martina Zemp, Corina A Merz, Fridtjof W Nussbeck, W Kim Halford, Marcel Schaer Gmelch, Guy Bodenmann
The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the efficacy of an evidence-based relationship distress prevention program, the Couples Coping Enhancement Training (CCET), in dual well-earning couples and to investigate whether effects vary by (a) hours of professional contact and (b) mode of delivery (face to face vs. self-learning DVD). N = 159 couples were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 intervention conditions: (1) standard CCET (15 hours face to face), (2) compact CCET (12 hr face to face), (3) short CCET (self-learning DVD + 8 hr face to face), or (4) wait-list control group...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974224/social-emotional-development-of-toddlers-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-office-based-intervention
#18
Donna Hallas, Mary Koslap-Petraco, Jason Fletcher
PURPOSE: During the toddler years, temper tantrums and impulsive behaviors are the norm. These behaviors can frustrate even the most experienced mothers. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective, double blind, randomized controlled trial using pre-test/post-test experimental design was used to examine the effectiveness of an office-based educational program to improve maternal confidence and the social-emotional development of toddlers. The Toddler Care Questionnaire (TCQ) was administered to all mothers as a pre and post intervention test...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929753/generation-and-characterization-of-abbv642-a-dual-variable-domain-immunoglobulin-molecule-dvd-ig-that-potently-neutralizes-vegf-and-pdgf-bb-and-is-designed-for-the-treatment-of-exudative-age-related-macular-degeneration
#19
Kun Ding, Lucia Eaton, Diana Bowley, Matthew Rieser, Qing Chang, Maria C Harris, Anca Clabbers, Feng Dong, Jikui Shen, Sean F Hackett, Debra S Touw, Jacqueline Bixby, Suju Zhong, Lorenzo Benatuil, Sahana Bose, Christine Grinnell, Gregory M Preston, Ramesh Iyer, Ramkrishna Sadhukhan, Susan Marchie, Gary Overmeyer, Tariq Ghayur, Deborah A van Riet, Shibo Tang, Peter A Campochario, Jijie Gu
Exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of moderate and severe vision loss in developed countries. Intraocular injections of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF or VEGF-A)-neutralizing proteins provide substantial benefit, but frequent, long-term injections are needed. In addition, many patients experience initial visual gains that are ultimately lost due to subretinal fibrosis. Preclinical studies and early phase clinical trials suggest that combined suppression of VEGF and platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) provides better outcomes than suppression of VEGF alone, due to more frequent regression of neovascularization (NV) and suppression of subretinal fibrosis...
February 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923674/impact-of-a-decision-aid-on-newly-diagnosed-prostate-cancer-patients-understanding-of-the-rationale-for-active-surveillance
#20
Margaret K Formica, Shaun Wason, John D Seigne, Telisa M Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To compare newly diagnosed localized prostate cancer patients who did and did not view a decision aid (DA) on their knowledge of the rationale for active surveillance (AS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 452 newly diagnosed low-risk localized prostate cancer patients. Patients were mailed the video/DVD DA and completed a web-based questionnaire that contained two multiple choice questions assessing knowledge of the rationale for AS...
November 22, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
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