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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905087/robot-assisted-surgery-in-elderly-and-very-elderly-population-our-experience-in-oncologic-and-general-surgery-with-literature-review
#1
Graziano Ceccarelli, Enrico Andolfi, Alessia Biancafarina, Aldo Rocca, Maurizio Amato, Marco Milone, Marta Scricciolo, Barbara Frezza, Egidio Miranda, Marco De Prizio, Andrea Fontani
BACKGROUND: Although there is no agreement on a definition of elderly, commonly an age cutoff of ≥65 or 75 years is used. Nowadays most of malignancies requiring surgical treatment are diagnosed in old population. Comorbidities and frailty represent well-known problems during and after surgery in elderly patients. Minimally invasive surgery offers earlier postoperative mobilization, less blood loss, lower morbidity as well as reduction in hospital stay and as such represents an interesting and validated option for elderly population...
November 30, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891251/the-role-of-the-single-incision-laparoscopic-approach-in-liver-and-pancreatic-resectional-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Nikolaos A Chatzizacharias, Khaled Dajani, Jun Kit Koong, Asif Jah
Introduction. Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has gained increasing support over the last few years. The aim of this narrative review is to analyse the published evidence on the use and potential benefits of SILS in hepatic and pancreatic resectional surgery for benign and malignant pathology. Methods. Pubmed and Embase databases were searched using the search terms "single incision laparoscopic", "single port laparoscopic", "liver surgery", and "pancreas surgery". Results. Twenty relevant manuscripts for liver and 9 for pancreatic SILS resections were identified...
2016: Minimally Invasive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885325/current-role-of-minimally-invasive-radical-cholecystectomy-for-gallbladder-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Giuseppe Zimmitti, Alberto Manzoni, Francesca Guerini, Marco Ramera, Paola Bertocchi, Francesca Aroldi, Alberto Zaniboni, Edoardo Rosso
Background. For Tis and T1a gallbladder cancer (GbC), laparoscopic cholecystectomy can provide similar survival outcomes compared to open cholecystectomy. However, for patients affected by resectable T1b or more advanced GbC, open approach radical cholecystectomy (RC), consisting in gallbladder liver bed resection or segment 4b-5 bisegmentectomy, with locoregional lymphadenectomy, is considered the gold standard while minimally invasive RC (MiRC) is skeptically considered. Aim. To analyze current literature on perioperative and oncologic outcomes of MiRC for patients affected by GbC...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884614/robotic-major-hepatectomy-is%C3%A2-there-a-learning-curve
#4
Po-Da Chen, Chao-Yin Wu, Rey-Heng Hu, Chiung-Nien Chen, Ray-Hwang Yuan, Jin-Tung Liang, Hong-Shiee Lai, Yao-Ming Wu
BACKGROUND: Robotic hepatectomy has been suggested as a safe and effective management of liver disease. However, no large case series have documented the learning curve for robotic major hepatectomy. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective study for robotic major hepatectomy performed by the same operative team between January 2012 and October 2015 and evaluated the learning curve for operation time using the cumulative sum method, presented as cumulative sumoperation time...
November 21, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868101/simultaneous-retroperitoneal-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-and-hepatectomy-for-synchronous-renal-cell-carcinoma-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-cirrhotic-patient
#5
Khaa Hoo Ong, Steven Kuan-Hua Huang, Chia-Sheng Yen, Yu-Feng Tian, Ding-Ping Sun
Background: The development of laparoscopic and robotic surgeries represents the modern era with the objective of improving patient outcomes; this surgical method is widespread in urology and general surgery. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic/robotic surgery is common in urologic surgery, but not in liver surgery. Tumors located in the posterosuperior aspect of the liver are difficult to access using a transperitoneal approach, and control of bleeding can also be difficult, especially in patients with cirrhosis...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816299/early-recurrence-patterns-following-totally-intracorporeal-robot-assisted-radical-cystectomy-results-from-the-eau-robotic-urology-section-erus-scientific-working-group
#6
Justin W Collins, Abolfazl Hosseini, Christofer Adding, Tommy Nyberg, Anthony Koupparis, Edward Rowe, Matthew Perry, Rami Issa, Martin C Schumacher, Carl Wijburg, Abdullah E Canda, Melvin D Balbay, Karel Decaestecker, Christian Schwentner, Arnulf Stenzl, Sebastian Edeling, Saša Pokupić, Fredrik D'Hondt, Alexander Mottrie, Peter N Wiklund
: Recurrence following radical cystectomy often occurs early, with >80% of recurrences occurring within the first 2 yr. Debate remains as to whether robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) negatively impacts early recurrence patterns because of inadequate resection or pneumoperitoneum. We report early recurrence patterns among 717 patients who underwent RARC with intracorporeal urinary diversion at nine different institutions with a minimum follow-up of 12 mo. Clinical, pathologic, radiologic, and survival data at the latest follow-up were collected...
November 2, 2016: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806580/robotic-intrafractional-us-guidance-for-liver-sabr-system-design-beam-avoidance-and-clinical-imaging
#7
Jeffrey Schlosser, Ren Hui Gong, Ralf Bruder, Achim Schweikard, Sungjune Jang, John Henrie, Aya Kamaya, Albert Koong, Daniel T Chang, Dimitre Hristov
PURPOSE: To present a system for robotic 4D ultrasound (US) imaging concurrent with radiotherapy beam delivery and estimate the proportion of liver stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) cases in which robotic US image guidance can be deployed without interfering with clinically used VMAT beam configurations. METHODS: The image guidance hardware comprises a 4D US machine, an optical tracking system for measuring US probe pose, and a custom-designed robot for acquiring hands-free US volumes...
November 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804932/-mucinous-cystic-liver-tumors-diagnosis-and-surgical-treatment
#8
P V Usyaky, V A Kubyshkin, V A Vishnevsky, Yu A Kovalenko, N A Karel'skaya, D V Kalinin, V S Demidova, A V Varlamov
AIM: To optimize diagnostics and treatment of cystic liver tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis included outcomes of 46 patients with liver cystic tumors. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The use of abdominal Doppler-sonography (37 patients), abdominal contrast-enhanced CT (44 patients) and MRI of abdominal cavity with MR-cholangiography (24 patients) defined radiological semiotics of cystic liver diseases. The most important features of cystic tumors are intraluminal septums with blood flow (82% of patients), solid component (6...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782696/robot-assistant-for-mri-guided-liver-ablation-a-pilot-study
#9
Enrico Franco, Mike Ristic, Marc Rea, Wladyslaw M W Gedroyc
PURPOSE: Percutaneous ablation under MRI-guidance allows treating otherwise inoperable liver tumors locally using a catheter probe. However, manually placing the probe is an error-prone and time consuming task that requires a considerable amount of training. The aim of this paper was to present a pneumatically actuated robotic instrument that can assist clinicians in MRI-guided percutaneous intervention of the liver and to assess its functionality in a clinical setting. The robot positions a needle-guide inside the MRI scanner bore and assists manual needle insertions outside the bore...
October 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778128/robotic-versus-open-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-matched-comparison
#10
Po-Da Chen, Chao-Ying Wu, Rey-Heng Hu, Wei-Han Chou, Hong-Shiee Lai, Jin-Tung Liang, Po-Huang Lee, Yao-Ming Wu
BACKGROUND: Robotic hepatectomy has been suggested to be a safe and effective approach for liver disease; however, studies comparing robotic hepatectomy with the conventional open approach regarding oncologic outcomes for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are limited. Accordingly, we performed a matched comparison of surgical and oncological outcomes between robotic and open hepatectomy. METHODS: Between January 2012 and October 2015, a total of 183 patients underwent robotic hepatectomy and 275 patients underwent open hepatectomy by the same surgical team in our center...
October 24, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726195/the-use-of-robotic-surgery-in-abdominal-organ-transplantation-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Giovanni B Levi Sandri, Edoardo de Werra, Gianluca Mascianà, Francesco Guerra, Gabriele Spoletini, Quirino Lai
Minimally invasive surgical approaches in transplantation are gaining increasing interest, and many centers are reporting their, mainly laparoscopic, experiences. Robotic surgery (RS) has some hypothetical advantages over traditional laparoscopy and has been successfully applied, although infrequently to organ transplantation. Our goal was to review and critique the publications reporting RS use in organ transplantation. Most of the RS experience has been with living renal donor organ procurement and, to a lesser extent, with RS procedures in the transplant recipient...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678625/robotic-excision-of-diaphragm-metastases-with-liver-involvement
#12
M N Wasson, P Magtibay, J Magrina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665393/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-liver-resection-a-review
#13
C Salloum, C Lim, A Malek, P Compagnon, D Azoulay
Surgery using a robotic platform is expanding rapidly today, with a notable surge since its authorization on the international medical market by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2000. The first hepatectomy by a robotic approach was reported in 2002, 10 years after the first laparoscopic hepatectomy. Yet, in hepatic surgery, series are scarce and the lack of relevant data in the literature is an obstacle to the development of robot-assisted laparoscopic hepatectomy (RALH). Based on a review of the literature, this update focuses on current indications, short-term and oncologic outcomes following RALH...
December 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611115/an-initial-report-on-the-intraoperative-use-of-indocyanine-green-fluorescence-imaging-in-the-surgical-management-of-liver-tumorss
#14
Hideo Takahashi, Nisar Zaidi, Eren Berber
BACKGROUND: There has been a recent interest in the use of Indocyanine green (ICG) imaging. The aim of this study is to review our initial experience in liver surgery. METHODS: ICG fluorescent imaging was used in 15 patients undergoing surgical treatment of their liver tumors between 2015 and 2016. ICG imaging was initially performed, followed by intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS). Findings on fluorescence were compared with preoperative cross-sectional imaging and IOUS...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570500/minimally-invasive-liver-surgery-for-hepatic-colorectal-metastases
#15
Ibrahim Nassour, Patricio M Polanco
Minimally invasive surgery has been cautiously introduced in surgical oncology over the last two decades due to a concern of compromised oncological outcomes. Recently, it has been adopted in liver surgery for colorectal metastases. Colorectal cancer is a major cause of cancer-related death in the USA. In addition, liver metastasis is the most common site of distant disease and its resection improves survival. While open resection was the standard of care, laparoscopic liver surgery has become the standard of care for minor liver resections...
April 2016: Current Colorectal Cancer Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568155/robotic-esophagectomy-for-cancer-early-results-and-lessons-learned
#16
Robert J Cerfolio, Benjamin Wei, Mary T Hawn, Douglas J Minnich
Minimally invasive esophagectomy with intrathoracic dissection and anastomosis is increasingly performed. Our objectives are to report our operative technique, early results and lessons learned. This is a retrospective review of 85 consecutive patients who were scheduled for minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy (laparoscopic or robotic abdominal and robotic chest) for esophageal cancer. Between 4/2011 and 3/2015, 85 (74 men, median age: 63) patients underwent robotic Ivor Lewis esophageal resection. In all, 64 patients (75%) had preoperative chemoradiotherapy, 99% had esophageal cancer, and 99% had an R0 resection...
2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529576/robotic-assisted-placement-of-hepatic-artery-infusion-pump-is-a-safe-and-feasible-approach
#17
Mashaal Dhir, Mazen S Zenati, James C Padussis, Heather L Jones, Samantha Perkins, Amber K Clifford, Jennifer Steve, Melissa E Hogg, Haroon A Choudry, Matthew P Holtzman, Herbert J Zeh, James F Pingpank, David L Bartlett, Amer H Zureikat
BACKGROUND: Hepatic artery infusion (HAI) chemotherapy can be combined with systemic chemotherapy for the treatment of isolated unresectable colorectal liver metastases (IU-CRLM) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (U-ICC). However, HAI pump placement requires a major laparotomy that may be associated with morbidity. We hypothesized that the computer-assisted robotic platform would be well suited for this procedure and report the first single institutional case series of robotic assisted HAI pump placement for primary and secondary malignancies of the liver...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523628/xurography-actuated-valving-for-centrifugal-flow-control
#18
David J Kinahan, Philip L Early, Abhishek Vembadi, Eoghan MacNamara, Niamh A Kilcawley, Thomas Glennon, Dermot Diamond, Dermot Brabazon, Jens Ducrée
We introduce a novel instrument controlled valving scheme for centrifugal platforms which is based upon xurography. In a first approach, which is akin to previously presented event-triggered flow control, the valves are composed of a pneumatic chamber sealed by a dissolvable film (DF) and by a pierceable membrane. Liquid is initially prevented from wetting the DF by the counter pressure of a trapped gas. Via a channel, this pocket is pneumatically connected to a vent, sealed by the pierceable membrane, located on the top surface of the disc...
September 21, 2016: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509325/robotic-liver-donor-right-hepatectomy-a-pure-minimally-invasive-approach
#19
Po-Da Chen, Chao-Ying Wu, Rey-Heng Hu, Cheng-Maw Ho, Po-Huang Lee, Hong-Shiee Lai, Ming-Tsan Lin, Yao-Ming Wu
Right hepatectomy for a living liver donor via a pure minimally invasive approach is a challenging procedure and only a few cases have been reported. Between May 2013 and August 2015, 13 patients underwent robotic living donor right hepatectomy in our institute, and 54 patients received open surgery. In this series, no conversion was conducted for robotic donor right hepatectomy. The 2 groups shared similar blood loss (169 versus 146 mL), complication rates (7.7% versus 9.3%), and recovery of donor liver function (peak alanine aminotransferase, 269 versus 252 IU/mL)...
November 2016: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500143/robotic-liver-surgery-technical-aspects-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Pier Cristoforo Giulianotti, Francesco Maria Bianco, Despoina Daskalaki, Luis Fernando Gonzalez-Ciccarelli, Jihun Kim, Enrico Benedetti
Minimally invasive surgery for liver resections has a defined role and represents an accepted alternative to open techniques for selected cases. Robotic technology can overcome some of the disadvantages of the laparoscopic technique, mainly in the most complex cases. Precise dissection and microsuturing is possible, even in narrow operative fields, allowing for a better dissection of the hepatic hilum, fine lymphadenectomy, and biliary reconstruction even with small bile ducts and easier bleeding control. This technique has the potential to allow for a greater number of major resections and difficult segmentectomies to be performed in a minimally invasive fashion...
August 2016: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
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