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Arnica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700031/inhibitory-effect-of-the-pseudobrickellia-brasiliensis-spreng-r-m-king-h-rob-aqueous-extract-on-human-lymphocyte-proliferation-and-ifn-%C3%AE-and-tnf-%C3%AE-production-in-vitro
#1
V G Almeida, B A Avelar-Freitas, M G Santos, L A Costa, T J Silva, W F Pereira, M L L Amorim, C F F Grael, L E Gregório, E Rocha-Vieira, G E A Brito-Melo
Pseudobrickellia brasiliensis (Asteraceae) is a plant commonly known as arnica-do-campo and belongs to the native flora of the Brazilian Cerrado. The alcoholic extract of the plant has been used as an anti-inflammatory agent in folk medicine, but the biological mechanism of action has not been elucidated. The present study evaluated the composition of P. brasiliensis aqueous extract and its effects on pro-inflammatory cytokine production and lymphocyte proliferation. The extracts were prepared by sequential maceration of P...
July 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678961/anatomical-phytochemical-and-histochemical-study-of-solidago-chilensis-meyen
#2
Douglas M F DE Souza, Rafaela D Sá, Evani L Araújo, Karina P Randau
Solidago chilensis Meyen, belonging to the family Asteraceae, is a plant native to South America and the only representative of the genus in Brazil. This species is popularly known as "arnica" and is used to treat bruises, muscle pain and inflammation. The objective of this work was to contribute to the pharmacognostic standardization of S. chilensis. Cross-sections were obtained, by freehand, for microscopic analysis of root, stem and leaf; for these parts of the plant maceration was also performed according to the method of Jeffrey...
June 29, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659229/homeopathic-potencies-of-arnica-montana-l-change-gene-expression-in-a-tamm-horsfall-protein-1-cell-line-in-vitro-model-the-role-of-ethanol-as-a-possible-confounder-and-statistical-bias
#3
Salvatore Chirumbolo, Geir Bjørklund
Marzotto et al. showed that homeopathic preparations of Arnica montana L. acted directly on gene expression of Tamm-Horsfall protein-1 (THP-1) monocyte/macrophage cell lines activated with phorbol12-myristate13-acetate and interleukin-4 (IL-4). A. montana homeopathic dilutions are used in complementary and alternative medicine to treat inflammation disorders and post-traumatic events as well as for wound repair. The French Pharmacopoeia of these remedies uses 0.3% ethanol in each centesimal dilution. In this paper, we discuss how ethanol-containing A...
July 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539708/assessment-of-mexican-arnica-heterotheca-inuloides-cass-and-rosemary-rosmarinus-officinalis-extracts-on-dopamine-and-selected-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-in-stomach-and-brain-of-salmonella-typhimurium-infected-rats
#4
David Calderón Guzmàn, Maribel Ortiz Herrera, Norma Osnaya Brizuela, Gerardo Barragàn Mejía, Ernestina Hernàndez García, Hugo Juàrez Olguín, Armando Valenzuela Peraza, Norma Labra Ruíz, Daniel Santamaría Del Angel
BACKGROUND: The effects of some natural products on dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA) in brain of infected models are still unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of Mexican arnica/rosemary (MAR) water extract and oseltamivir on both biogenic amines and some oxidative biomarkers in the brain and stomach of young rats under infection condition. METHODS: Female Wistar rats (weight 80 g) in the presence of MAR or absence (no-MAR) were treated as follows: group 1, buffer solution (controls); oseltamivir (100 mg/kg), group 2; culture of Salmonella typhimurium (S...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474807/total-synthesis-of-a-dimeric-thymol-derivative-isolated-from-arnica-sachalinensis
#5
Irene De Silvestro, Samuel L Drew, Gary S Nichol, Fernanda Duarte, Andrew L Lawrence
The total synthesis of a dimeric thymol derivative (thymarnicol) isolated from Arnica sachalinensis was accomplished in 6 steps. A key biomimetic Diels-Alder dimerization was found to occur at ambient temperature and the final oxidative cyclization occurs when the substrate is exposed to air and visible light. These results indicate that this natural product is likely the result of spontaneous (non-enzyme-mediated) reactivity.
May 5, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401567/arnica-montana-l-a-plant-of-healing-review
#6
REVIEW
Priyanka Kriplani, Kumar Guarve, Uttam S Baghael
OBJECTIVES: Arnica montana is a widely used therapeutic plant used traditionally to treat various ailments. The objective of this study was to evaluate the botany, phytochemistry and ethnopharmacology along with special emphasis given on pharmacological activity of plant A. montana. KEY FINDINGS: The plant extracts have been reported to possess antibacterial, antitumor, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antifungal and immunomodulatory activity. A wide range of chemical compounds including sesquiterpene lactones and their short-chain carbonic acid esters, flavonoids, carotenoids, essential oils, diterpenes, arnidiol, pyrrolizidine alkaloids, coumarins, phenolic acids, lignans and oligosaccharides, etc...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314960/the-effectiveness-of-postoperative-intervention-in-patients-after-rhinoplasty-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Ho Seok Lee, Ho Young Yoon, In Hye Kim, Se Hwan Hwang
Rhinoplasty is the most common facial plastic surgical procedure, and the occurrence of periorbital edema and ecchymosis is normal after rhinoplasty. The goal of this study was to perform a systematic review with meta-analysis of the efficacy of postoperative care of edema and ecchymosis following rhinoplasty. Two authors independently searched the databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane database) from inception to September 2016. We included studies that compared postoperative care methods (intervention groups) with no treatment (control group) where the outcomes of interest were edema, ecchymosis, and satisfaction rate of patients on postoperative days...
March 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275210/phytomedicine-in-joint-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Dorin Dragos, Marilena Gilca, Laura Gaman, Adelina Vlad, Liviu Iosif, Irina Stoian, Olivera Lupescu
Chronic joint inflammatory disorders such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis have in common an upsurge of inflammation, and oxidative stress, resulting in progressive histological alterations and disabling symptoms. Currently used conventional medication (ranging from pain-killers to biological agents) is potent, but frequently associated with serious, even life-threatening side effects. Used for millennia in traditional herbalism, medicinal plants are a promising alternative, with lower rate of adverse events and efficiency frequently comparable with that of conventional drugs...
January 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163953/is-there-a-role-for-homeopathy-in-breast-cancer-surgery-a-first-randomized-clinical-trial-on-treatment-with-arnica-montana-to-reduce-post-operative-seroma-and-bleeding-in-patients-undergoing-total-mastectomy
#9
Luca Sorrentino, Salvatore Piraneo, Eliana Riggio, Silvia Basilicò, Alessandra Sartani, Daniela Bossi, Fabio Corsi
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the benefits of Arnica montana on post-operative blood loss and seroma production in women undergoing unilateral total mastectomy by administering Arnica Montana 1000 Korsakovian dilution (1000 K). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2012 to 2014, 53 women were randomly assigned to A. montana or placebo and were followed up for 5 days. The main end point was the reduction in blood and serum volumes collected in drainages. Secondary end points were duration of drainage, a self-evaluation of pain, and the presence of bruising or hematomas...
January 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105900/feasibility-acceptability-and-tolerability-of-rgn107-in-the-palliative-wound-care-management-of-chronic-wound-symptoms
#10
M Madisetti, T J Kelechi, M Mueller, E J Amella, M A Prentice
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility, acceptability and tolerability of RGN107 use, a natural powder blend of Arnica Montana, Calendula Officinalis, Mentha Arvensis and Santalum Album, among hospice patients and their wound caregivers in the palliative wound care management of chronic wound symptoms at end-of-life. METHOD: Data were collected between May 2013 and November 2015. A pilot trial conducted among 50 hospice patients with symptomatic (pain, odour, or exudate) chronic wounds...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089739/the-influence-of-seasonality-on-the-content-of-goyazensolide-and-on-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-hyperuricemic-effects-of-the-ethanolic-extract-of-lychnophora-passerina-brazilian-arnica
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Bruno César de Albuquerque Ugoline, Jacqueline de Souza, Fernanda Cristina Ferrari, Zilma Schimith Ferraz-Filha, Grazielle Brandão Coelho, Dênia Antunes Saúde-Guimarães
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lychnophora passerina (Mart ex DC) Gardn (Asteraceae), popularly known as Brazilian arnica, is used in Brazilian folk medicine to treat pain, rheumatism, bruises, inflammatory diseases and insect bites. AIM OF THE STUDY: Investigate the influence of the seasons on the anti-inflammatory and anti-hyperuricemic activities of ethanolic extract of L. passerina and the ratio of the goyazensolide content, main chemical constituent of the ethanolic extract, with these activities...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060248/reply-re-assessing-the-efficacy-of-arnica-montana-and-rhododendron-tomentosum-ledum-palustre-in-the-reduction-of-ecchymosis-and-edema-after-oculofacial-surgery-preliminary-results
#12
Stuart R Seiff, Wendy W Lee, William Mack, Julia Kang, Kimberly Tran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060247/re-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-arnica-montana-and-rhododendron-tomentosum-ledum-palustre-in-the-reduction-of-ecchymosis-and-edema-after-oculofacial-surgery-preliminary-results
#13
Alon Kahana, Brett Kotlus, Evan Black
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024659/diagnosis-of-complex-pulley-ruptures-using-ultrasound-in%C3%A2-cadaver-models
#14
Isabelle Schöffl, Arnica Hugel, Volker Schöffl, Wolfgang Rascher, Jörg Jüngert
Pulley ruptures are common in climbing athletes. The purposes of this study were to determine the specific positioning of each pulley with regards to the joint, and to evaluate the ultrasound diagnostics of various pulley rupture combinations. For this, 34 cadaver fingers were analyzed via ultrasound, the results of which were compared to anatomic measurements. Different pulley ruptures were then simulated and evaluated using ultrasound in standardized dynamic forced flexion. Visualization of the A2 and A4 pulleys was achieved 100% of the time, while the A3 pulley was visible in 74% of cases...
December 23, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998807/differential-effects-of-helenalin-an-anti-inflammatory-sesquiterpene-lactone-on-the-proteome-metabolome-and-the-oxidative-stress-response-in-several-immune-cell-types
#15
Paula Zwicker, Nadin Schultze, Sarah Niehs, Dirk Albrecht, Karen Methling, Martina Wurster, Gerhild Wachlin, Michael Lalk, Ulrike Lindequist, Beate Haertel
Extracts of Arnica spp. are traditionally used due to their anti-inflammatory effects for the topical treatment of e.g. haematoma or muscle distortions. One of the main active compounds is Helenalin, a sesquiterpene lactone that can be found in various Asteraceae. However, immunotoxic effects of the compound are only poorly analysed. In this study, a 2D gel electrophoresis based proteomic approach together with a membrane based proteomic assay, metabolomics and the detection of intracellular reactive oxygen species (iROS) were used to investigate potential immunotoxic properties of Helenalin on the human immune cell lines Jurkat and THP-1 and on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)...
April 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976266/phytochemical-profile-of-arnica-montana-l-root-and-rhizome-samples-from-several-wild-populations-in-the-romanian-eastern-carpathians
#16
D Danila, C P Stefanache, O C Bujor, R Necula, C Tanase, R A Schiopu, A Spac
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975710/sesquiterpene-lactones-and-phenolic-compounds-content-in-arnica-montana-flowers-and-leaves-samples-harvested-from-wild-sites-in-north-east-romania
#17
C P Stefanache, O C Bujor, R Necula, V Grigoras, C Mardari, C Birsan, D Danila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912150/calea-uniflora-less-attenuates-the-inflammatory-response-to-carrageenan-induced-pleurisy-in-mice
#18
Julia Salvan da Rosa, Silvana Virginia Gagliotti Vigil de Mello, Geison Vicente, Yeo Jim K Moon, Felipe Perozzo Daltoé, Tamires Cardoso Lima, Rafaela de Jesus Souza, Maique Weber Biavatti, Tânia Silvia Fröde
Calea uniflora Less. (family Asteraceae), also named "arnica" and "erva-de-lagarto", is a native plant to the South and Southeast of Brazil. This species was used to treat rheumatism, respiratory diseases, and digestive problems in Brazilian folk medicine. In vitro studies have shown the important biological effects of C. uniflora. However no studies have focused on the mechanism of action of anti-inflammatory activity of C. uniflora. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of the crude extract, its fractions, and isolated compounds obtained from of C...
January 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847336/mexican-arnica-heterotheca-inuloides-cass-asteraceae-astereae-ethnomedical-uses-chemical-constituents-and-biological-properties
#19
REVIEW
José Luis Rodríguez-Chávez, Verónica Egas, Edelmira Linares, Robert Bye, Tzasna Hernández, Francisco J Espinosa-García, Guillermo Delgado
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Heterotheca inuloides Cass. (Asteraceae) has been traditionally used to treat a wide range of diseases in Mexico in the treatment of rheumatism, topical skin inflammation, muscular pain colic, and other painful conditions associated with inflammatory processes, additionally has been used to treat dental diseases, and gastrointestinal disorders. This species has also been used for the treatment of cancer and diabetes. This review provides up-to-date information on the botanical characterization, traditional uses, chemical constituents, as well as the biolological activities of H...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832158/arnica-montana-stimulates-extracellular-matrix-gene-expression-in-a-macrophage-cell-line-differentiated-to-wound-healing-phenotype
#20
Marta Marzotto, Clara Bonafini, Debora Olioso, Anna Baruzzi, Laura Bettinetti, Francesca Di Leva, Elisabetta Galbiati, Paolo Bellavite
Arnica montana (Arnica m.) is used for its purported anti-inflammatory and tissue healing actions after trauma, bruises, or tissue injuries, but its cellular and molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. This work tested Arnica m. effects on gene expression using an in vitro model of macrophages polarized towards a "wound-healing" phenotype. The monocyte-macrophage human THP-1 cell line was cultured and differentiated with phorbol-myristate acetate and Interleukin-4, then exposed for 24h to Arnica m. centesimal (c) dilutions 2c, 3c, 5c, 9c, 15c or Control...
2016: PloS One
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