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oral radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439260/nephrocalcinosis-in-amelogenesis-imperfecta-caused-by-the-fam20a-mutation
#1
Mine Koruyucu, Figen Seymen, Genco Gencay, Koray Gencay, Elif Bahar Tuna, Teo Jeon Shin, Hong-Keun Hyun, Young-Jae Kim, Jung-Wook Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Enamel-renal syndrome is characterized by nephrocalcinosis, enamel defects, gingival hyperplasia and eruption failures. It has been recently identified that recessive mutations in the FAM20A gene result in amelogenesis imperfecta (AI)-gingival fibromatosis. The aim of this research to determine whether AI patients with known -FAM20A mutations also have nephrocalcinosis. METHODS: Complete oral and radiological examinations were performed for all participating family members...
February 13, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437842/relationship-between-dental-hygiene-students-performance-in-an-oral-radiology-course-and-the-national-board-dental-hygiene-examination-a-retrospective-study
#2
Hui Liang, Janice P DeWald, Eric S Solomon
Dental hygiene students' performance in oral radiology courses may give an early indication of their readiness prior to taking the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between dental hygiene students' performance in an oral radiology lecture course and their performance on the NBDHE. Data were collected for all 117 dental hygiene students at Texas A&M University College of Dentistry from 2006 to 2009 who took the NBDHE during their second year of the program...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436763/increasing-clinical-relevance-in-oral-radiology-benefits-and-challenges-when-implementing-digital-assessment
#3
T de Lange, A Møystad, G R Torgersen
AIMS: The aims of the study were to investigate benefits and challenges in implementing a digital examination and study the clinical relevance of the digital examination in relation to clinical training and practice. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study was based on semi-structured focus-group interviews from two distinct student populations (2016 and 2017) in a bachelor programme in dental hygiene. In addition, conversational data from a plenary discussion from the whole second student population (2017) were collected and analysed...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430524/agraphia-of-the-left-hand-with-dysfunction-of-the-left-superior-parietal-region-without-callosal-lesions
#4
Ryuta Kinno, Hideaki Ohashi, Yukiko Mori, Azusa Shiromaru, Kenjiro Ono
A 28-year-old right-handed man noticed weakness in his legs, three days after an ephedrine overdose. Initial brain magnetic resonance imaging showed lesions in the parietal regions bilaterally. Computed tomography angiography showed segmental and multifocal vasoconstriction of the cerebral arteries. After treatment, clinical and radiological findings resolved, suggesting the patient had reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. However, he had residual agraphia of the left hand...
March 2018: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429391/comparative-effectiveness-of-oral-pharmacologic-interventions-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a-network-meta-analysis
#5
Sun-Young Jung, Eun Jin Jang, Seoung Wan Nam, Hyuk Hee Kwon, Seul Gi Im, Dam Kim, Soo-Kyung Cho, Dalho Kim, Yoon-Kyoung Sung
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relative efficacy of oral pharmacologic interventions in the treatment of knee OA. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted using the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases to identify trials conducted in patients with knee OA with a minimum 6 weeks of follow-up. The standardized mean differences of the change from baseline to week 6 in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) pain between the treatment groups were estimated using Bayesian random-effects network meta-analyses...
February 12, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428738/estimating-the-health-care-costs-associated-with-recurrent-cellulitis-managed-in-the-outpatient-setting
#6
Jessica St John, Lauren Strazzula, Priyanka Vedak, Daniela Kroshinsky
BACKGROUND: Recurrent cellulitis is diagnosed in 22% to 49% of all cellulitis cases, but little is known about the costs associated with these cases. OBJECTIVE: To characterize patients with recurrent cellulitis in the outpatient setting and estimate the associated costs. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for adult patients who presented to the outpatient facilities at our institution from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2011, with recurrent cellulitis...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418009/multidisciplinary-approach-in-a-case-of-hand-sch%C3%A3-ller-christian-disease-with-maxillary-involvement
#7
Angela Pia Cazzolla, Nunzio Francesco Testa, Gianfranco Favia, Maria Grazia Lacaita, Domenico Ciavarella, Khrystyna Zhurakivska, Giuseppe Troiano, Lorenzo Lo Muzio
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a childhood pathology with a peak of incidence ranging from 1 to 4 years of age, though diagnosis is often made in adult age. LCH is clinically classified into three types: eosinophilic granuloma, Hand-Schuller-Christian disease and Abt-Letterer-Siwe disease. We report a case of Hand-Schüller-Christian disease with diabetes insipidus, skull and maxillary involvement in a 16-year-old boy referred to our observation for gradual increase in mobility of the teeth and subsequent gradual loss of the second premolars and the first molars of the upper jaw...
February 8, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404185/non-astmatic-eosinophilic-bronchitis
#8
REVIEW
Tekin Yıldız, Seyhan Dülger
Non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB) is eosinophilic inflammation of the respiratory tract, without any bronchospasm. In this article, we want to draw attention to the NAEB. It should also be considered in differential diagnosis of chronic cough. Eosinophilia is present in all induced or spontaneous sputum samples of NAEB patients. NAEB patients and asthmatic patients have similar airway inflammation. Remarkably, NAEB mainly occurs in the lower airways. Unlike asthma, mast cells in NAEB are active in the bronchial epithelium...
January 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399531/deep-vein-thrombosis-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-medical-management
#9
REVIEW
Jonathan Stone, Patrick Hangge, Hassan Albadawi, Alex Wallace, Fadi Shamoun, M Grace Knuttien, Sailendra Naidu, Rahmi Oklu
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a major preventable cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Venous thromboembolism (VTE), which includes DVT and pulmonary embolism (PE), affects an estimated 1 per 1,000 people and contributes to 60,000-100,000 deaths annually. Normal blood physiology hinges on a delicate balance between pro- and anti-coagulant factors. Virchow's Triad distills the multitude of risk factors for DVT into three basic elements favoring thrombus formation: venous stasis, vascular injury, and hypercoagulability...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398515/informed-refusal-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-radiology-does-it-exist
#10
EDITORIAL
James R Geist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397216/accuracy-of-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-image-interpretation-by-endodontists-and-endodontic-residents
#11
Jeffrey T Beacham, James R Geist, Qingzhao Yu, Van T Himel, Kent A Sabey
INTRODUCTION: Limited field cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging has become a modality frequently used by endodontists to evaluate the teeth and surrounding tissues of their patients. Accurate image interpretation is vital to obtain needed treatment information as well as to discern coincidental findings that could be present. The goal of this study was to determine the accuracy of CBCT volume interpretation when performed by endodontists and endodontic residents. METHODS: Eighteen deidentified limited field CBCT scans were obtained and evaluated by an oral and maxillofacial radiologist and an endodontist experienced in reading CBCT images...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396316/clinical-significance-of-preoperative-imaging-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-compared-with-lymph-node-status-a-comparative-retrospective-study
#12
Elias Mazzawi, Imad Abu El-Naaj, Yasmine Ghantous, Salim Balan, Edmond Sabo, Adi Rachmiel, Yoav Leiser
OBJECTIVE: The accuracy and sensitivity of commonly used imaging modalities in evaluating oral cavity cancer was evaluated by comparing the preoperative radiologic findings and the postoperative pathology report. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma, who had undergone at least 1 imaging test 2 weeks before surgery were included. Radiologic findings were compared with the dissected neck findings to assess the lymph node status. Sensitivity and specificity of the imaging modalities were calculated by using the χ2 test...
December 11, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392423/marked-functional-recovery-and-imaging-response-of-refractory-optic-pathway-glioma-to-brafv600e-inhibitor-therapy-a-report-of-two-cases
#13
Santhosh A Upadhyaya, Giles W Robinson, Julie H Harreld, Paul D Klimo, Mary Ellen Hoehn, Brent A Orr, Ibrahim A Qaddoumi
BACKGROUND: Despite appropriate therapeutic interventions, progressive optic pathway glioma (OPG) in children may result in loss of vision and other neurologic morbidities. Molecularly targeted therapy against the MAP kinase pathway holds promise in improving outcomes while resulting in lower treatment-related toxicities. We report two children with refractory OPG who had a substantial and early reversal of their neurologic deficits and an impressive imaging response of their tumor to BRAFV600E inhibition therapy...
February 1, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390345/a-case-of-immunoglobulin-g4-related-lung-disease-with-bilateral-diffuse-infiltration-a-case-report
#14
Ailing Liu, Qianwen Zhang, Bo Liu, Ning Xu, Aijun Li
RATIONALE: Immunoglobulin (Ig) G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a rare and chronic progressive autoimmune disease. It is a novel clinical entity characterized by elevated serum IgG4 concentration and tissue infiltration by IgG4 plasma cells. IgG4-related lung disease (IgG4-RLD) has been described as interstitial pneumonia and inflammatory pseudotumor, with various abnormal radiographic patterns. We report a case of IgG4-related lung disease with bilateral diffuse infiltration. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 65-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of cough, sputum, and fever...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389673/low-molecular-weight-heparin-versus-rivaroxaban-in-the-treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-gastrointestinal-malignancies
#15
Hannah K Choe, Maria T De Sancho, Sunnie S Kim, Tong Dai, Manish A Shah
: Due to their ease of use, the direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are an attractive treatment option for cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE) and have been readily adopted by many clinicians. A recent published study comparing a DOAC (edoxaban) to the current standard-of-care low molecular weight heparin dalteparin for the treatment of cancer-associated thrombosis showed that edoxaban was noninferior to dalteparin for recurrent VTE, but the risk of major bleeding was higher. We present three patients with high-risk gastrointestinal malignancies complicated by cancer-associated VTE with progression of thrombosis while treated with the oral direct Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban...
January 31, 2018: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386772/assessment-of-the-number-of-root-canals-in-the-maxillary-and-mandibular-molars-a-radiographic-study-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#16
Roopashri Rajesh Kashyap, Siri Parvathi Beedubail, Raghavendra Kini, Prasanna Kumar Rao
Context: The identification of root canals plays an important role in successful endodontic diagnosis and treatment. An inappropriate identification of canal resulting in incomplete removal of pulp tissue from the root canals is the main reason for the failure of endodontic treatment in molars. Radiographic imaging is an essential investigative tool in successful endodontics. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) the imaging is relatively a new method to visualize the roots in all the three planes...
September 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365278/ct-imaging-features-of-antiresorptive-agent-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws
#17
Akira Baba, Tazuko K Goto, Hiroya Ojiri, Mutsumi Takagiwa, Chiho Hiraga, Masahiro Okamura, Sho Hasegawa, Yumi Okuyama, Nobuhiro Ogino, Hideomi Yamauchi, Yuko Kobashi, Shinji Yamazoe, Yohei Munetomo, Takuji Mogami, Takeshi Nomura
OBJECTIVES: Antiresorptive agent-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (ARONJ)/medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) include both bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of jaw (BRONJ) and denosumab-related osteonecrosis of jaw (DRONJ). The purpose of this study is to study radiological characteristics of ARONJ/MRONJ. These imaging features may serve as one useful aid for assessing ARONJ/MRONJ. METHODS: CT scans of 74 Japanese patients, who were clinically diagnosed by inclusion criteria of ARONJ/MRONJ, obtained between April 1, 2011 and September 31, 2016, were evaluated...
January 24, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358868/endoscopic-papillary-large-balloon-dilatation-with-sphincterotomy-is-safe-and-effective-for-biliary-stone-removal-independent-of-timing-and-size-of-sphincterotomy
#18
Usman Iqbal Aujla, Nimzing Ladep, Laura Dwyer, Stephen Hood, Nicholas Stern, Richard Sturgess
AIM: To describe the efficacy and safety of endoscopic papillary large balloon dilatation (EPLBD) in the management of bile duct stones in a Western population. METHODS: Data was collected from the endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and Radiology electronic database along with a review of case notes over a period of six years from 1st August 2009 to 31st July 2015 and incorporated into Microsoft excel. Statistical analyses were performed using MedCalc for Windows, version 12...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334501/practice-guidelines-for-moderate-procedural-sedation-and-analgesia-2018-a-report-by-the-american-society-of-anesthesiologists-task-force-on-moderate-procedural-sedation-and-analgesia-the-american-association-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeons-american-college
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333366/a-review-of-temporomandibular-joint-related-papers-published-between-2014-2015
#20
REVIEW
Vaibhav Singh, K N V Sudhakar, Kiran Kumar Mallela, Rajat Mohanty
We conducted a retrospective study and reviewed the temporomandibular joint (TMJ)-related papers published in a leading international journal, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, between January 2014 and December 2015. The study was conducted to ascertain and compare the trends of articles being published in the years 2014 and 2015. A total of 28 articles were reviewed, of which most of the full-length articles were on clinical management and outcomes and the role of radiology. The bulk of the studies were prospective, and less interest was shown in experimental research...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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