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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098485/idac-dose-2-1-an-internal-dosimetry-program-for-diagnostic-nuclear-medicine-based-on-the-icrp-adult-reference-voxel-phantoms
#1
Martin Andersson, Lennart Johansson, Keith Eckerman, Sören Mattsson
BACKGROUND: To date, the estimated radiation-absorbed dose to organs and tissues in patients undergoing diagnostic examinations in nuclear medicine is derived via calculations based on models of the human body and the biokinetic behaviour of the radiopharmaceutical. An internal dosimetry computer program, IDAC-Dose2.1, was developed based on the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP)-specific absorbed fractions and computational framework of internal dose assessment given for reference adults in ICRP Publication 133...
November 3, 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052526/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-indeterminate-negative-cardiac-sarcoidosis-revealed-by-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-two-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
S C Sasson, R Russo, T Chung, G Chu, I Hunyor, J Williamson, A Murad, A Kane, S Riminton, S Limaye
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disorder of immune dysregulation characterized by non-caseating granulomas that can affect any organ. Cardiac sarcoidosis is an under-recognized entity that has a heterogeneous presentation and may occur independently or with any severity of systemic disease. Diagnosing cardiac sarcoidosis remains problematic with endomyocardial biopsies associated with a high risk of complications. Several diagnostic algorithms are currently available that rely on histopathology or clinical and radiological measures...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032820/methodological-quality-assessment-of-meta-analyses-in-endodontics
#3
REVIEW
Sereen Kattan, Su-Min Lee, Meetu R Kohli, Frank C Setzer, Bekir Karabucak
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this review were to assess the methodological quality of published meta-analyses related to endodontics using the assessment of multiple systematic reviews (AMSTAR) tool and to provide a follow-up to previously published reviews. METHODS: Three electronic databases were searched for eligible studies according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria: Embase via Ovid, The Cochrane Library, and Scopus. The electronic search was amended by a hand search of 6 dental journals (International Endodontic Journal; Journal of Endodontics; Australian Endodontic Journal; Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology; Endodontics and Dental Traumatology; and Journal of Dental Research)...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965905/patient-information-regarding-medical-radiation-exposure-is-inadequate-patients-experience-in-a-university-hospital
#4
L Ukkola, H Oikarinen, A Henner, M Haapea, O Tervonen
INTRODUCTION: It is suspected that little or no information is provided to patients regarding radiological examinations. The purpose was to evaluate the coverage, content and source of this information in a university hospital. METHODS: Altogether 147 patients (18-85 years) were interviewed after different examinations using a questionnaire. The patients had undergone 35 low (<1 mSv), 66 medium (1-10), and 46 high (>10) dose examinations. They were asked if they were informed about radiation use, the course or indication of the examination, the consequences of not having the examination, other options, the dose and risks of radiation, the source for the information and if any consent was enquired...
November 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932136/assessment-of-anxiety-depression-and-serum-cortisol-level-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis-patients-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Shubhra Kanodia, Vishal Prakash Giri, Om Prakash Giri, M Parvathi Devi, Y Garima
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the anxiety, depression, and serum cortisol level in OSMF patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Outpatient Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. Age- and gender-matched 105 patients were divided into three equal groups as follows: Group 1 - those with areca nut chewing habits and OSMF, Group 2 - those with areca nut chewing habits but no OSMF, and Group 3- those without areca nut chewing habits and without OSMF...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839483/efficacy-of-panoramic-radiography-in-the-detection-of-osteoporosis-in-post-menopausal-women-when-compared-to-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry
#6
Shambulingappa Pallagatti, Priyanka Parnami, Soheyl Sheikh, Deepak Gupta
OBJECTIVE: It is a well-known fact that osteoporosis affects the people with old age and remains unnoticeable until the patient presents with fracture. Various studies in the literature reveal that panoramic radiographs may prove to be beneficial in the detection of Osteoporosis in patients. Henceforth this present study was aimed to validate the use of Klemetti Index (KI) on panoramic radiographs so as to detect osteoporosis in the patients at an early stage. METHODS: 60 postmenopausal women were selected...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749045/factors-related-to-recurrence-of-idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis-what-do-we-learn-from-a-multicentre-study
#7
Erdal Uysal, Atilla Soran, Efe Sezgin
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease of the breast with unknown aetiology. Its treatment is controversial and the recurrence rate is high. The objectives of this study were to examine the demographic, sociocultural and clinical characteristics observed among a large cohort of IGM patients from Turkey and to identify factors related to the recurrence of IGM. METHODS: The study was designed as a multicentre retrospective study including 22 breast centres in Turkey...
July 27, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718090/a-large-retroperitoneal-lymphatic-malformation-successfully-treated-with-traditional-japanese-kampo-medicine-in-combination-with-surgery
#8
Toko Shinkai, Kouji Masumoto, Fumiko Chiba, Nao Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Current treatment options for lymphatic malformations (LMs) are multimodal. Recently, the effectiveness of treating LMs with Eppikajyutsuto (TJ-28) has been reported. TJ-28 is a kind of oral herbal medicine classified as the traditional Japanese Kampo medicine. CASE PRESENTATION: A 12-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital for intermittent upper abdominal pain. Radiological examinations revealed a large (9.5 × 5.8 × 10.0 cm) retroperitoneal LM, which was suspected to adhering and stretching both pancreas head and duodenum...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658923/sturge-weber-syndrome-a-case-study
#9
Mahesh Neerupakam, Podduturi Sanjay Reddy, Beeraboina Anand Babu, Guttikonda Vamsi Krishna
The aim of this case review was to touch upon the various clinical presentations and diagnostic features of Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) as seen in the dental/medical practice. Sturge-Weber syndrome is a rare congenital disorder that belongs to a group of disorders collectively known as the phakomatoses. The characteristic pathological elements of the disease include leptomeninges angioma extending out to cerebral cortex with angiomatous lesions on the same side and unilateral facial nevus that affects trigeminal nerve division...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646645/comorbidity-assessment-in-patients-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-can-imaging-techniques-fludeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomographic-computed-tomography-and-contrast-enhanced-computed-tomography-provide-additional-information
#10
Matthias Troeltzsch, Florian Andreas Probst, Axel Rominger, Ulrich Müller-Lisse, Monika Probst, Katharina Obermeier, Michael Ehrenfeld, Sven Otto
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the role of imaging staging examinations (positron-emission tomographic computed tomography [PET/CT] and contrast-enhanced computed tomography [ceCT]) for the assessment of the comorbidity status of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). A binary null hypothesis was drafted: 1) imaging staging examinations do not augment knowledge about the comorbidity status of patients with OSCC and 2) there is no difference between PET/CT and ceCT in this regard...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642563/root-canal-treatment-outcomes-not-affected-by-increasing-age-of-patient
#11
COMMENT
Y Jo Wong
Data sourcesMedline, Cochrane CENTRAL databases; most recent two years of seven journals: (Acta Odontologica Scandinavica; Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology; Gerodontology; International Endodontic Journal; Journal of Endodontics; Journal of Oral Rehabilitation; and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology).Study selectionTooth-based longitudinal prospective and retrospective studies, published in English from January 1950 to August 2013, assessing outcomes of NSRCT in adults with permanent teeth...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605927/the-position-of-the-mental-foramen-in-the-north-and-south-indian-populations
#12
Naveen Srinivas, Praveenkumar Ramdurg, Surekha R Puranik, Ketki Sali, Pramod Ingaleshwar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine and compare the position of the mental foramen MF in the north and south Indian populations using Panoramic radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 Panoramic radiographs were selected from the archives of PMNM Dental College and the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, of which 50 radiographs belonged to a north Indian population and 50 radiographs belonged to a local population of Bagalkot Karnataka...
May 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560191/application-of-fuzzy-logic-in-oral-cancer-risk-assessment
#13
Ioana Scrobotă, Grigore Băciuț, Adriana Gabriela Filip, Bianca Todor, Florin Blaga, Mihaela Felicia Băciuț
BACKGROUND: The mapping of the malignization mechanism is still incomplete, but oxidative stress is strongly correlated to carcinogenesis. In our research, using fuzzy logic, we aimed to estimate the oxidative stress related-cancerization risk of the oral potentially malignant disorders. METHODS: Serum from 16 patients diagnosed (clinical and histopathological) with oral potentially malignant disorders (Dept. of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery and Radiology, "Iuliu Hațieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj Napoca, Romania) was processed fluorometric for malondialdehyde and proton donors assays (Dept...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551903/-against-all-odds-promoting-research-clinical-development-and-medical-services-of-the-conflict-in-the-galilee-medical-center
#14
Jacob Bornstein
The Galilee Medical Center (GMC) is unique in several aspects. Firstly, in the clinical aspect: In recent years, led by the Director of Medical Center, Dr. Masad Barhoum, a considerable momentum of development has taken place to reduce health discrepancies between the center and the periphery. Despite the under- financing of the health system in the Galilee, the GMC opened new clinical departments, introduced advanced medical technology and key staff members were added. This approach is depicted in publications presented in the current issue...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511523/achondroplasia-with-polydactyly-a-case-report
#15
Caroline Frank, Sameeya Shariff, Muddepalle Pavani, Balasubramanian Karthika, Sridhar Thathekalva
An eight-year-old girl child reported to the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology with the chief complaint of unerupted permanent teeth for past two years. The child presented features like disproportionately short stature, rhizomelic shortening of arms and legs, long face, frontal bossing and saddle nose. Based on the findings of chest and spine radiographs and ultrasound the case was diagnosed as a rare bone disorder "Achondroplasia". This case also presents a unique feature of polydactyly. Polydactyly is a manifestation in clinical medicine because it can serve as an indicator for a plethora of congenital anamolies...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445696/which-factors-affect-citation-rates-in-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-literature
#16
Kristie L Cheng, Thomas B Dodson, Mark A Egbert, Srinivas M Susarla
PURPOSE: Citation rate is one of several tools to measure academic productivity. The purposes of this study were to estimate and identify factors associated with citation rates in the oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective longitudinal study of publications in the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (JOMS), International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (IJOMS), and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, and Oral Radiology (OOOO) from January through December 2012...
July 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#17
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372562/aqueous-extract-of-peperomia-pellucida-l-hbk-accelerates-fracture-healing-in-wistar-rats
#18
Ngueguim Tsofack Florence, Sakouong Talle Suewellyne Huguette, Donfack Jean Hubert, Gounoue Kamkumo Raceline, Dzeufiet Djomeni Paul Desire, Kamtchouing Pierre, Dimo Theophile
BACKGROUND: Peperomia pellucida (L.) HBK is consumed as vegetable and used in Cameroonian traditional medicine for the management of diseases and for fracture healing. Therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the aqueous whole plant extract of Peperomia pellucida on fracture healing in female Wistar rats. METHODS: A drill hole injury was created by inserting a drill bit inthe diaphysis of the femur. The aqueous extract of the whole plant of Peperomia pellucida was administered orally at the doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg to adult female Wistar rats...
April 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322297/standardized-herbal-formula-pm014-inhibits-radiation-induced-pulmonary-inflammation-in-mice
#19
Jee-Youn Kim, Dasom Shin, Gihyun Lee, Jin-Mo Kim, Dongwook Kim, Yong-Min An, Byung Rok Yoo, Hanna Chang, Miran Kim, Jaeho Cho, Hyunsu Bae
Radiation therapy is widely used for thoracic cancers. However, it occasionally causes radiation-induced lung injuries, including pneumonitis and fibrosis. Chung-Sang-Bo-Ha-Tang (CSBHT) has been traditionally used to treat chronic pulmonary disease in Korea. PM014, a modified herbal formula derived from CSBHT, contains medicinal herbs of seven species. In our previous studies, PM014 exhibited anti-inflammatory effects in a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease model. In this study, we have evaluated the effects of PM014 on radiation-induced lung inflammation...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217544/assessment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-on-fixed-dose-combinations-among-postgraduate-dental-students
#20
Narayana R Vinnakota, V Krishna, V Viswanath, Zaheer Ahmed, Kamal S Shaik, Naveen K Boppana
AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of fixed dose combination drugs among postgraduate dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among postgraduate dental students of dental colleges in coastal Andhra Pradesh. Three colleges were randomly selected and students of all the three years were included. Data was collected from the specialities of oral medicine and radiology, oral surgery, endodontics, pedodontics, periodontics, and public health dentistry...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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