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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511523/achondroplasia-with-polydactyly-a-case-report
#1
Caroline Frank, Sameeya Shariff, Muddepalle Pavani, Balasubramanian Karthika, Sridhar Thathekalva
An eight-year-old girl child reported to the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology with the chief complaint of unerupted permanent teeth for past two years. The child presented features like disproportionately short stature, rhizomelic shortening of arms and legs, long face, frontal bossing and saddle nose. Based on the findings of chest and spine radiographs and ultrasound the case was diagnosed as a rare bone disorder "Achondroplasia". This case also presents a unique feature of polydactyly. Polydactyly is a manifestation in clinical medicine because it can serve as an indicator for a plethora of congenital anamolies...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445696/which-factors-affect-citation-rates-in-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-literature
#2
Kristie Cheng, Thomas B Dodson, Mark A Egbert, Srinivas M Susarla
PURPOSE: Citation rate is one of several tools to measure academic productivity. The purposes of this study were to estimate and identify factors associated with citation rates in the oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective longitudinal study of publications in the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (JOMS), International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (IJOMS), and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, and Oral Radiology from January through December 2012...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#3
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372562/aqueous-extract-of-peperomia-pellucida-l-hbk-accelerates-fracture-healing-in-wistar-rats
#4
Ngueguim Tsofack Florence, Sakouong Talle Suewellyne Huguette, Donfack Jean Hubert, Gounoue Kamkumo Raceline, Dzeufiet Djomeni Paul Desire, Kamtchouing Pierre, Dimo Theophile
BACKGROUND: Peperomia pellucida (L.) HBK is consumed as vegetable and used in Cameroonian traditional medicine for the management of diseases and for fracture healing. Therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the aqueous whole plant extract of Peperomia pellucida on fracture healing in female Wistar rats. METHODS: A drill hole injury was created by inserting a drill bit inthe diaphysis of the femur. The aqueous extract of the whole plant of Peperomia pellucida was administered orally at the doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg to adult female Wistar rats...
April 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322297/standardized-herbal-formula-pm014-inhibits-radiation-induced-pulmonary-inflammation-in-mice
#5
Jee-Youn Kim, Dasom Shin, Gihyun Lee, Jin-Mo Kim, Dongwook Kim, Yong-Min An, Byung Rok Yoo, Hanna Chang, Miran Kim, Jaeho Cho, Hyunsu Bae
Radiation therapy is widely used for thoracic cancers. However, it occasionally causes radiation-induced lung injuries, including pneumonitis and fibrosis. Chung-Sang-Bo-Ha-Tang (CSBHT) has been traditionally used to treat chronic pulmonary disease in Korea. PM014, a modified herbal formula derived from CSBHT, contains medicinal herbs of seven species. In our previous studies, PM014 exhibited anti-inflammatory effects in a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease model. In this study, we have evaluated the effects of PM014 on radiation-induced lung inflammation...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217544/assessment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-on-fixed-dose-combinations-among-postgraduate-dental-students
#6
Narayana R Vinnakota, V Krishna, V Viswanath, Zaheer Ahmed, Kamal S Shaik, Naveen K Boppana
AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of fixed dose combination drugs among postgraduate dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among postgraduate dental students of dental colleges in coastal Andhra Pradesh. Three colleges were randomly selected and students of all the three years were included. Data was collected from the specialities of oral medicine and radiology, oral surgery, endodontics, pedodontics, periodontics, and public health dentistry...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123268/odontometric-analysis-of-permanent-maxillary-first-molar-in-gender-determination
#7
Ayesha Shireen, Syeda Arshiya Ara
AIMS: This study was conducted to assess the sex determination potential from mesiodistal (MD) and buccolingual (BL) dimensions of permanent maxillary first molar. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Al-Badar Rural Dental College and Hospital, Gulbarga, Karnataka, on 600 subjects (300 male and 300 female), aged 17-25 years. The subjects were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria set forth for the study...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891470/determinants-of-smokeless-tobacco-consumption-and-its-cessation-among-its-current-users-in-india
#8
Almas Binnal, G Rajesh, Junaid Ahmed, Ceena Denny
INTRODUCTION: Global Smokeless Tobacco (SLT) consumption is on the rise and constitutes a major Public Health problem. Controlling SLT intake is central to containing the increasing tobacco menace. AIM: The present study was undertaken to comprehensively explore various factors involved in SLT consumption and its cessation among current SLT users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Present study was conducted among current SLT users visiting Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences (MCODS), Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891307/morphological-analysis-of-palatal-rugae-pattern-in-central-indian-population
#9
Neha Dwivedi, Anil Kumar Nagarajappa
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the morphological study of palatal rugae pattern in a central Indian population and to determine sex differentiation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the distinctive rugae patterns of the study population and determine the contribution of rugae patterns in gender identification. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among a Central Indian population with a sample size of 500 participants...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815629/pulmonary-artery-perforation-and-coronary-air-embolism-two-fatal-outcomes-in-percutaneous-left-atrial-appendage-occlusion
#10
J Zwirner, R Bayer, C Hädrich, A Bollmann, N Klein, J Dreßler, B Ondruschka
Percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) closure is a routinely performed method to reduce the risk of stroke in patients suffering from atrial fibrillation, when an oral anticoagulation is no longer indicated due to relevant bleeding complications. Currently, the Amplatzer Amulet and the Watchman system are two equally used systems. While there is an acute success rate of more than 95 per cent for this intervention, several minor and major complications such as pericardial effusions, air embolism, vascular lesions in proximity to the heart or even death can occur...
January 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755603/relationship-between-primary-and-secondary-dental-care-in-public-health-services-in-brazil
#11
Renata Castro Martins, Clarice Magalhães Rodrigues Dos Reis, Antonio Thomaz Gonzaga da Matta Machado, João Henrique Lara do Amaral, Marcos Azeredo Furquim Werneck, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu
This cross-sectional study evaluated the relationship between primary and secondary oral health care in Brazil. For this purpose, data from the National Program for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care were used. Dentists from 12,403 oral health teams (OHTs) answered a structured questionnaire in 2012. The data were analyzed descriptively and by cluster analysis. Of the 12,387 (99.9%) OHTs that answered all the questions, 62.2% reported the existence of Dental Specialties Centers (DSCs) to which they could refer patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723638/prevalence-of-most-commonly-reported-tobacco-associated-lesions-in-central-gujarat-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#12
Manjiri Joshi, Mansi Tailor
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is a major health problem in tobacco users worldwide and is one of the ten most common cancers. India alone accounts for 1/3 rd of the world's oral cancer and has a high rate of potentially malignant disorders (PMDs). The most common predisposing factors are smoking, smokeless tobacco, betel nut in quid form (pan), alcohol, spicy food, and sharp broken tooth. There are various tobacco-associated lesions (TALs) which can be diagnosed at very early stage. This study was conducted to rule out association of smoking and smokeless tobacco with occurrence of TALs and its dose-response relationship...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676771/bilateral-proximal-femoral-agenesis-case-report
#13
Mouna Sghir, Mohamed Guedria, Marwa Maraoui, Wafa Haj Hamad, Wafa Said, Saida Jerbi, Wassia Kessomtini
OBJECTIVE: The femur aplasia is a congenital developmental defect of the femur often associated with malformations of the pelvis and lower limb. There are all intermediaries between the short femur and vestigial femoral. The total femur absence (agenesis) is rare. We report a case of a child followed in our Physical Medicine Department for proximal bilateral femoral agenesis. OBSERVATIONS: This is M.S., a 5 years old child, addressed for a waddling gait and a deformation of the trunk...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651879/association-between-genetic-taste-sensitivity-2d-4d-ratio-dental-caries-prevalence-and-salivary-flow-rate-in-6-14-year-old-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Chintamaneni Raja Lakshmi, Doppalapudi Radhika, Mpv Prabhat, Sujana Mulk Bhavana, Nallamilli Sai Madhavi
Background. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between genetic taste sensitivity, dietary preferences and salivary flow rate in 6‒14-year-old children for identification of individuals at higher risk of developing dental caries. Methods. A total of 500 children 6‒14 years of age, of both genders, who reported to the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, were included. Propylthiouracil (PROP) sensitivity test was carried out and the subjects whose perception was bitter were grouped as tasters, whereas those who were unable to perceive any taste were grouped as non-tasters...
2016: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613266/scedosporium-apiospermum-a-rare-cause-of-malignant-otitis-externa
#15
Oliver McLaren, Christian Potter
A 79-year-old man, with a history of well-controlled diabetes mellitus, presented with left-sided otalgia. With an initial diagnosis of simple otitis externa, he was discharged on topical drops. He represented 2 months later with worsening otalgia and discharge. A diagnosis of malignant otitis externa was made based on clinical and radiological findings. Intravenous Tazocin and Gentamicin were given based on previous bacterial culture from ear swabs. The patient failed to improve and developed left-sided facial nerve palsy...
September 9, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447001/langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-mimicking-aggressive-periodontitis-challenges-in-diagnosis-and-management
#16
Vasileios Panis, Nikolaos Nikitakis, Argyrios Daskalopoulos, Theodora Maragkou, Konstantinos Tsiklakis, Alexandra Sklavounou
OBJECTIVE: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disorder characterized by clonal proliferation of Langerhans cells that affects various organs. Oral involvement may simulate periodontal disease and cause significant diagnostic and management difficulties. Here, we present an interesting LCH case with severe periodontal destruction in a young woman in order to facilitate early recognition of this aggressive disease and successful participation of the general practitioner in the management of such patients...
2016: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411649/systemic-absorption-of-0-1-triamcinolone-acetonide-as-topical-application-in-management-of-oral-lichen-planus
#17
Athira Aruna Ramadas, Renju Jose, S L Arathy, Seema Kurup, Marina Lazar Chandy, Sreeja P Kumar
CONTEXT: Topical corticosteroids are the treatment of choice for oral lichen planus (OLP) due to its potential anti-inflammatory effect. However, chronic nature of OLP often requires long-term and frequent applications, exposing patients to local and systemic side effects. AIM: To detect the systemic absorption of 0.1% triamcinolone acetonide (TAC) through the oral mucosa of patients with OLP. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a pilot pharmacokinetic study carried out in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology in collaboration with the Department of Toxicology, over 10 months...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373691/the-suppressive-effects-of-the-petroleum-ether-fraction-from-atractylodes-lancea-thunb-dc-on-a-collagen-induced-arthritis-model
#18
Renping Liu, Enwei Tao, Shuwen Yu, Bo Liu, Lingman Dai, Liangyu Yu, Yifeng Xiong, Ruijun Fu, Lang Lei, Xiaoping Lai
In Chinese traditional medicine, the rhizome of Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC. (A. lancea) is used extensively for the treatment of several diseases such as rheumatic diseases, but its actions on rheumatoid arthritis have not been clarified. The purpose of this article was to investigate the pharmacological effect of an A. lancea rhizome extract on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in rats. The CIA model was induced by the injection of bovine type II collagen. The rats were orally administered the petroleum ether (PE) fraction of the A...
October 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277370/anatomical-and-morphological-characterization-of-the-nasopalatine-canal-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#19
D Rodricks, A Gupta, T Phulambrikar, S K Singh, B K Sharma, P Agrawal
The anterior maxilla, also called pre-maxilla, is an area frequently requiring surgical interventions. Rehabilitation of this area remains a complex restorative challenge. The most prominent anatomical structure within the anterior maxilla is the Nasopalatine Canal. Thorough knowledge about this anatomical structure plays an important role in the successful outcomes of surgical procedures. This retrospective study was done to evaluate the anatomy and morphology of the Nasopalatine Canal using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)...
April 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190937/atypical-lymphocytes-and-cellular-cannibalism-a-phenomenon-first-of-its-kind-to-be-discovered-in-chronic-periapical-lesions
#20
Ketki P Kalele, Kaustubh P Patil, Abhishek Singh Nayyar, Rutuparna S Sasane
INTRODUCTION: Lymphocytes are often termed to be isomorphic, having a monotonous light microscopic appearance. Morphological aspects of lymphocytes in tissue sections thereby are not routinely taken notice of as their morphology seems to vary only in case of lymphoid malignancies, hematological malignancies apart from certain viral infections. Atypical lymphocytes are the lymphocytes with unusual shape, size or overall structure. These are more commonly known as reactive lymphocytes. The unusual histomorphological feature of these cells include larger size than normal lymphocytes; in some cells the size exceeds even 30 microns...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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