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oral medicine and radiology

Renata Castro Martins, Clarice Magalhães Rodrigues Dos Reis, Antonio Thomaz Gonzaga da Matta Machado, João Henrique Lara do Amaral, Marcos Azeredo Furquim Werneck, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu
This cross-sectional study evaluated the relationship between primary and secondary oral health care in Brazil. For this purpose, data from the National Program for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care were used. Dentists from 12,403 oral health teams (OHTs) answered a structured questionnaire in 2012. The data were analyzed descriptively and by cluster analysis. Of the 12,387 (99.9%) OHTs that answered all the questions, 62.2% reported the existence of Dental Specialties Centers (DSCs) to which they could refer patients...
2016: PloS One
Manjiri Joshi, Mansi Tailor
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is a major health problem in tobacco users worldwide and is one of the ten most common cancers. India alone accounts for 1/3 rd of the world's oral cancer and has a high rate of potentially malignant disorders (PMDs). The most common predisposing factors are smoking, smokeless tobacco, betel nut in quid form (pan), alcohol, spicy food, and sharp broken tooth. There are various tobacco-associated lesions (TALs) which can be diagnosed at very early stage. This study was conducted to rule out association of smoking and smokeless tobacco with occurrence of TALs and its dose-response relationship...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Mouna Sghir, Mohamed Guedria, Marwa Maraoui, Wafa Haj Hamad, Wafa Said, Saida Jerbi, Wassia Kessomtini
OBJECTIVE: The femur aplasia is a congenital developmental defect of the femur often associated with malformations of the pelvis and lower limb. There are all intermediaries between the short femur and vestigial femoral. The total femur absence (agenesis) is rare. We report a case of a child followed in our Physical Medicine Department for proximal bilateral femoral agenesis. OBSERVATIONS: This is M.S., a 5 years old child, addressed for a waddling gait and a deformation of the trunk...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Chintamaneni Raja Lakshmi, Doppalapudi Radhika, Mpv Prabhat, Sujana Mulk Bhavana, Nallamilli Sai Madhavi
Background. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between genetic taste sensitivity, dietary preferences and salivary flow rate in 6‒14-year-old children for identification of individuals at higher risk of developing dental caries. Methods. A total of 500 children 6‒14 years of age, of both genders, who reported to the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, were included. Propylthiouracil (PROP) sensitivity test was carried out and the subjects whose perception was bitter were grouped as tasters, whereas those who were unable to perceive any taste were grouped as non-tasters...
2016: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Oliver McLaren, Christian Potter
A 79-year-old man, with a history of well-controlled diabetes mellitus, presented with left-sided otalgia. With an initial diagnosis of simple otitis externa, he was discharged on topical drops. He represented 2 months later with worsening otalgia and discharge. A diagnosis of malignant otitis externa was made based on clinical and radiological findings. Intravenous Tazocin and Gentamicin were given based on previous bacterial culture from ear swabs. The patient failed to improve and developed left-sided facial nerve palsy...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Vasileios Panis, Nikolaos Nikitakis, Argyrios Daskalopoulos, Theodora Maragkou, Konstantinos Tsiklakis, Alexandra Sklavounou
OBJECTIVE: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disorder characterized by clonal proliferation of Langerhans cells that affects various organs. Oral involvement may simulate periodontal disease and cause significant diagnostic and management difficulties. Here, we present an interesting LCH case with severe periodontal destruction in a young woman in order to facilitate early recognition of this aggressive disease and successful participation of the general practitioner in the management of such patients...
2016: Quintessence International
Athira Aruna Ramadas, Renju Jose, S L Arathy, Seema Kurup, Marina Lazar Chandy, Sreeja P Kumar
CONTEXT: Topical corticosteroids are the treatment of choice for oral lichen planus (OLP) due to its potential anti-inflammatory effect. However, chronic nature of OLP often requires long-term and frequent applications, exposing patients to local and systemic side effects. AIM: To detect the systemic absorption of 0.1% triamcinolone acetonide (TAC) through the oral mucosa of patients with OLP. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a pilot pharmacokinetic study carried out in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology in collaboration with the Department of Toxicology, over 10 months...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Renping Liu, Enwei Tao, Shuwen Yu, Bo Liu, Lingman Dai, Liangyu Yu, Yifeng Xiong, Ruijun Fu, Lang Lei, Xiaoping Lai
In Chinese traditional medicine, the rhizome of Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC. (A. lancea) is used extensively for the treatment of several diseases such as rheumatic diseases, but its actions on rheumatoid arthritis have not been clarified. The purpose of this article was to investigate the pharmacological effect of an A. lancea rhizome extract on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in rats. The CIA model was induced by the injection of bovine type II collagen. The rats were orally administered the petroleum ether (PE) fraction of the A...
July 3, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
D Rodricks, A Gupta, T Phulambrikar, S K Singh, B K Sharma, P Agrawal
The anterior maxilla, also called pre-maxilla, is an area frequently requiring surgical interventions. Rehabilitation of this area remains a complex restorative challenge. The most prominent anatomical structure within the anterior maxilla is the Nasopalatine Canal. Thorough knowledge about this anatomical structure plays an important role in the successful outcomes of surgical procedures. This retrospective study was done to evaluate the anatomy and morphology of the Nasopalatine Canal using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)...
April 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Ketki P Kalele, Kaustubh P Patil, Abhishek Singh Nayyar, Rutuparna S Sasane
INTRODUCTION: Lymphocytes are often termed to be isomorphic, having a monotonous light microscopic appearance. Morphological aspects of lymphocytes in tissue sections thereby are not routinely taken notice of as their morphology seems to vary only in case of lymphoid malignancies, hematological malignancies apart from certain viral infections. Atypical lymphocytes are the lymphocytes with unusual shape, size or overall structure. These are more commonly known as reactive lymphocytes. The unusual histomorphological feature of these cells include larger size than normal lymphocytes; in some cells the size exceeds even 30 microns...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Basavaraj N Kallalli, Kamala Rawson, Muzammil, Ankur Singh, Mohammed Arif Awati, Peeyush Shivhare
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is the commonest cause of death in the Indian population, with a mortality rate of 0.3 million deaths per year. Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a potentially malignant disorder that has a high prevalence rate in India. It has been found that serum lactate dehydrogenase levels are increased in potentially malignant and malignant disorders. There are very few data on the application of salivary LDH in the detection of such disorders. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The estimation of LDH levels in saliva as diagnostic markers, using a noninvasive method in patients with OSMF, oral cancer, and in the controls...
May 1, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
G Li, Q Yu
Digital imaging has been widely used in the field of oral and maxillofacial radiology. The present work summarizes the use of digital imaging from the following aspects: ①The origin of digital oral and maxillofacial imaging; ②The influence of digital imaging on the work mode and work flow of oral and maxillofacial radiology; ③ Application of picture archiving and communication system(PACS)in oral and maxillofacial radiology; ④The influence of three dimensional medical data sets on diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan; ⑤Digital imaging facilitates the development of telemedicine and internet-medicine; ⑥The significance of establishing a medical database or data center; ⑦Problems and challenges...
April 9, 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
F Zölzer
In spite of ongoing globalisation in many fields, the ethics of radiological protection have long been discussed almost exclusively in terms of 'Western' moral philosophy concepts such as utilitarianism or deontology. A cross-cultural discourse in this field is only just beginning. In 'Principles of Biomedical Ethics', Beauchamp and Childress suggested that there exists a 'common morality' which is 'not relative to cultures or individuals, because it transcends both'. They proposed four cross-culturally valid principles for decision making in medicine: respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice...
June 2016: Annals of the ICRP
Thorakkal Shamim
There is a paucity of information about the dental specialties related articles published in the Medical Journal Armed Forces India (MJAFI). This study aimed to audit the dental specialities related articles published in MJAFI from 2000 to 2014 over a 15-year period. Bibliometric analysis of sixty issues of MJAFI from 2000 to 2014 were performed using web-based search. The articles published were analyzed for type of article and topic of individual dental specialities. The articles published were also evaluated to identify whether the study was an Armed Forces Medical Research Committee Project or funded research project or not...
December 2015: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
B I Omondi, T J Ocholla
OBJECTIVE: To describe the role of routine radiographic examination of clinically healthy completely edentulous jaws prior to fabrication of the first set of complete dentures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective descriptive study. SETTINGS: The departments of Conservative and Prosthetic Dentistry, and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oral Medicine/Oral Pathology, Dental Maxillofacial Radiology of the School of Dental Sciences, University of Nairobi...
August 2012: East African Medical Journal
Sharad Vaidya, Nitin Ahuja, Puneet Bajaj, Charu Kapoor, Robin Sabarwal, Karan Rajpal
INTRODUCTION: Age estimation is an important subspecialty of forensic medicine. Dental hard tissues are highly resistant to degradation and putrefaction. Enamel is translucent and varies in color from light yellow to grey white. The color of the teeth has been reported to be affected by chronological age. Enamel color may also depend on environmental factors viz. diet, occupational habits, vitamin deficiencies, fluoride level in drinking water etc., It has been found that color changes in dentin vary from white to yellow...
September 2015: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Siôn Edryd Williams, Marie Helena Docherty
Liquid paraffin is a highly refined petroleum derivative commonly used medicinally as an oral laxative in Lesotho. We present the case of a 22-year-old Basotho woman admitted under the care of gynaecology in a rural hospital in Lesotho. She was inadvertently administered 10 mL of intravenous liquid paraffin. There were no immediate complications. After 48 h, the patient became unwell with frank haemoptysis and features of systemic inflammation. A chest X-ray demonstrated new bilateral pulmonary infiltrates...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Denise M Adams, Cameron C Trenor, Adrienne M Hammill, Alexander A Vinks, Manish N Patel, Gulraiz Chaudry, Mary Sue Wentzel, Paula S Mobberley-Schuman, Lisa M Campbell, Christine Brookbank, Anita Gupta, Carol Chute, Jennifer Eile, Jesse McKenna, Arnold C Merrow, Lin Fei, Lindsey Hornung, Michael Seid, A Roshni Dasgupta, Belinda H Dickie, Ravindhra G Elluru, Anne W Lucky, Brian Weiss, Richard G Azizkhan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Complicated vascular anomalies have limited therapeutic options and cause significant morbidity and mortality. This Phase II trial enrolled patients with complicated vascular anomalies to determine the efficacy and safety of treatment with sirolimus for 12 courses; each course was defined as 28 days. METHODS: Treatment consisted of a continuous dosing schedule of oral sirolimus starting at 0.8 mg/m(2) per dose twice daily, with pharmacokinetic-guided target serum trough levels of 10 to 15 ng/mL...
February 2016: Pediatrics
Anni Suomalainen, Patricia Stoor, Karri Mesimäki, Risto K Kontio
BACKGROUND: The use of rapid prototyping (RP) models in medicine to construct bony models is increasing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of the study was to evaluate retrospectively the indication for the use of RP models in oral and maxillofacial surgery at Helsinki University Central Hospital during 2009-2010. Also, the used computed tomography (CT) examination - multislice CT (MSCT) or cone beam CT (CBCT) - method was evaluated. RESULTS: In total 114 RP models were fabricated for 102 patients...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Santosh R Patil
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of carotid artery calcification (CAC) in postmenopausal females on panoramic radiographs and to study the correlation of CAC with possible risk factors such as hypertension, osteoporosis, and hypercholesterolemia, among others. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Totally, 1214 panoramic radiographs of postmenopausal females attending the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology were examined for the presence of CAC...
August 2015: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
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