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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620401/perspective-mistaking-accurately-understanding-the-mind-of-another-requires-getting-perspective-not-taking-perspective
#1
Tal Eyal, Mary Steffel, Nicholas Epley
Taking another person's perspective is widely presumed to increase interpersonal understanding. Very few experiments, however, have actually tested whether perspective taking increases accuracy when predicting another person's thoughts, feelings, attitudes, or other mental states. Those that do yield inconsistent results, or they confound accuracy with egocentrism. Here we report 25 experiments testing whether being instructed to adopt another person's perspective increases interpersonal insight. These experiments include a wide range of accuracy tests that disentangle egocentrism and accuracy, such as predicting another person's emotions from facial expressions and body postures, predicting fake versus genuine smiles, predicting when a person is lying or telling the truth, and predicting a spouse's activity preferences and consumer attitudes...
April 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590734/a-comparative-study-of-data-collection-methods-in-the-process-of-nursing-detection-of-chemotherapy-side-effects-using-a-self-reporting-questionnaire
#2
Marco Di Muzio, Alessandra Marinucci, Anna De Benedictis, Daniela Tartaglini
Ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMP) and cervical VEMP (cVEMP) are newer diagnostic methods, which allow an insight into the otolith senses. Our aim was to determine changes in certain parameters of the VEMP wave complex after successfully performed repositioning procedure, as an indicator of the state of recovery in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This may confirm the theory of otolith returning into the area of otolithic senses. The study included 48 patients with unilateral posterior semicircular canal BPPV...
December 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590733/role-of-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potentials-as-an-indicator-of-recovery-in-patients-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#3
Tihana Mendeš, Siniša Maslovara, Andrijana Včeva, Silva Butković Soldo
Ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMP) and cervical VEMP (cVEMP) are newer diagnostic methods, which allow an insight into the otolith senses. Our aim was to determine changes in certain parameters of the VEMP wave complex after successfully performed repositioning procedure, as an indicator of the state of recovery in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This may confirm the theory of otolith returning into the area of otolithic senses. The study included 48 patients with unilateral posterior semicircular canal BPPV...
December 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554040/pre-hospital-low-titer-cold-stored-whole-blood-philosophy-for-ubiquitous-utilization-of-o-positive-product-for-emergency-use-in-hemorrhage-due-to-injury
#4
Ashley C McGinity, Caroline S Zhu, Leslie Greebon, Elly Xenakis, Elizabeth Waltman, Eric Epley, Danielle Cobb, Rachelle Jonas, Susannah E Nicholson, Brian J Eastridge, Ronald M Stewart, Donald H Jenkins
The mortality from hemorrhage in trauma patients remains high. Early balanced resuscitation improves survival. These truths, balanced with the availability of local resources and our goals for positive regional impact, were the foundation for the development of our pre-hospital whole blood initiative-using low titer cold stored O RhD positive whole blood (LTOWB). The main concern with use of RhD positive blood is the potential development of isoimmunization in RhD negative patients. We used our retrospective massive transfusion protocol (MTP) data to analyze the anticipated risk of this change in practice...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437815/successful-management-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-bppv-in-a-patient-who-was-ventilated-with-a-c3-complete-spinal-injury-on-a-regional-spinal-unit-intensive-care
#5
Lisa Burrows
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) occurs in 14.5% of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and may require intervention on intensive care unit (ICU). A 61-year-old man was admitted to a spinal injury ICU with a traumatic C3 complete SCI following a mountain bike accident. Ventilated but stable he complained of severe dizziness on rolling, during personal cares, which lasted for 40 s. Clinical examination was limited due to the injury and ventilation. Subjective questioning, visio-ocular control and a modified Dix-Hallpike and roll tests confirmed a right posterior canalithiasis BPPV...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336656/the-use-of-mastoid-vibration-with-canalith-repositioning-procedure-to-treat-persistent-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-case-report
#6
Sean F Griech, Melissa A Carroll
The Canalith Repositioning Procedure (CRP) was originally described as a non-invasive treatment for Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) by Epley. Since its inception, the maneuver has undergone several modifications; and currently is performed in the absence of induced mastoid vibration (oscillation). Clinically, mastoid vibration may be used to assist in treatment of persistent cases of BPPV, where a simple CRP may fail to improve symptoms. This case describes a patient with a three-month history of BPPV (right posterior canalithiasis), who was previously treated unsuccessfully with standard CRP...
January 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285542/adoption-of-electronic-health-records-and-perceptions-of-financial-and-clinical-outcomes-among-ophthalmologists-in-the-united-states
#7
Michele C Lim, Michael V Boland, Colin A McCannel, Arvind Saini, Michael F Chiang, K David Epley, Flora Lum
Importance: Assessing the rate of electronic health record (EHR) adoption and ophthalmologists' perceptions on financial and clinical productivity is important in understanding how to direct future design and health care policy. Objective: To assess adoption rate and perceptions of financial and clinical outcomes of EHRs among ophthalmologists in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based, cross-sectional study...
February 1, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169952/development-and-face-validation-of-a-virtual-reality-epley-maneuver-system-vrems-for-home-epley-treatment-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Reza Tabanfar, Harley H L Chan, Vincent Lin, Trung Le, Jonathan C Irish
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a smartphone based Virtual Reality Epley Maneuver System (VREMS) for home use. METHODS: A smartphone application was designed to produce stereoscopic views of a Virtual Reality (VR) environment, which when viewed after placing a smartphone in a virtual reality headset, allowed the user to be guided step-by-step through the Epley maneuver in a VR environment. Twenty healthy participants were recruited and randomized to undergo either assisted Epleys or self-administered Epleys following reading instructions from an Instructional Handout (IH)...
March 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120169/characterizing-defects-in-a-uio-azb-metal-organic-framework
#9
Charity C Epley, Madeline D Love, Amanda J Morris
Exploring defect sites in metal-organic framework materials has quickly become an interesting topic of discussion in the literature. With reports of the enhancement of material properties with increasing defect sites, we were interested in probing the defect nature of UiO-AZB (UiO = University of Oslo, AZB = 4,4'-azobenzenedicarboxylate) nanoparticles. In this report, we investigate the use of acetic, formic, and benzoic acids as the modulators to prepare UiO-AZB. The results of1 H NMR techniques and BET surface area analysis elucidate the extent of defects in our samples and are provided along with detailed discussions of the observed experimental trends...
November 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094928/proton-coupled-electron-transport-in-anthraquinone-based-zirconium-metal-organic-frameworks
#10
Paula J Celis-Salazar, Charity C Epley, Spencer R Ahrenholtz, William A Maza, Pavel M Usov, Amanda J Morris
The ditopic ligands 2,6-dicarboxy-9,10-anthraquinone and 1,4-dicarboxy-9,10-anthraquinone were used to synthesize two new UiO-type metal-organic frameworks (MOFs; namely, 2,6-Zr-AQ-MOF and 1,4-Zr-AQ-MOF, respectively). The Pourbaix diagrams (E vs pH) of the MOFs and their ligands were constructed using cyclic voltammetry in aqueous buffered media. The MOFs exhibit chemical stability and undergo diverse electrochemical processes, where the number of electrons and protons transferred was tailored in a Nernstian manner by the pH of the media...
November 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068763/the-humanizing-voice-speech-reveals-and-text-conceals-a-more-thoughtful-mind-in-the-midst-of-disagreement
#11
Juliana Schroeder, Michael Kardas, Nicholas Epley
A person's speech communicates his or her thoughts and feelings. We predicted that beyond conveying the contents of a person's mind, a person's speech also conveys mental capacity, such that hearing a person explain his or her beliefs makes the person seem more mentally capable-and therefore seem to possess more uniquely human mental traits-than reading the same content. We expected this effect to emerge when people are perceived as relatively mindless, such as when they disagree with the evaluator's own beliefs...
December 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060643/analysis-of-one-repetition-during-biceps-curl-exercise-among-age-matched-adult-volunteers-using-endurance-curl-speed-and-surface-electromyography-signals
#12
Kiran Marri, Diptasree Maitra Ghosh, Ramakrishnan Swaminathan
Exercises under isometric and dynamic contractions are influenced by the rate coding and recruitment strategies. The study of muscle strength under dynamic contraction is normally performed using one-repetition maximum (1-RM) method. There are several variants of deriving one repetition method using number of repetitions and load that are useful in physical fitness and clinical rehabilitation program. However, the factors of dynamic contractions such as endurance time, speed of muscle contractions and muscle activity are not considered in 1-RM methods...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965618/efficacy-of-particle-repositioning-manoeuvres-in-benign-positional-paroxysmal-vertigo-a-revision-of-176-cases-treated-in-a-tertiary-care-centre
#13
Claudio Carnevale, Diego J Arancibia-Tagle, Elena Rizzo-Riera, Guillermo Til-Perez, Pedro L Sarría-Echegaray, Julio J Rama-Lopez, Santiago Quer-Canut, German Fermin-Gamero, Manuel D Tomas-Barberan
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most common peripheral vertigo disease. The aim of this paper is to review the results obtained with the different specific particle repositioning manoeuvres, evaluating the possible risk factors linked to a poorer prognosis. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-six patients with a diagnosis of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo were reviewed retrospectively, of whom 150 had vertigo of the posterior canal, 20 had vertigo of the horizontal canal, 3 had vertigo of the superior canal, and 3 had a double vertigo...
September 28, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903714/less-evil-than-you-bounded-self-righteousness-in-character-inferences-emotional-reactions-and-behavioral-extremes
#14
Nadav Klein, Nicholas Epley
Recent research suggests that self-righteousness is bounded, arising more reliably in evaluations of immoral actions than in evaluations of moral actions. Here, we test four implications of this asymmetry in self-righteousness and the mechanism explaining it. We find that people are less likely to make negative character inferences from their own unethical behavior than from others' unethical behavior (Experiment 1), believe they would feel worse after an unethical action than others (Experiment 2), and believe they are less capable of extreme unethical behavior than others (Experiment 3)...
August 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903680/exaggerating-accessible-differences-when-gender-stereotypes-overestimate-actual-group-differences
#15
Tal Eyal, Nicholas Epley
Stereotypes are often presumed to exaggerate group differences, but empirical evidence is mixed. We suggest exaggeration is moderated by the accessibility of specific stereotype content. In particular, because the most accessible stereotype contents are attributes perceived to differ between groups, those attributes are most likely to exaggerate actual group differences due to regression to the mean. We tested this hypothesis using a highly accessible gender stereotype: that women are more socially sensitive than men...
September 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891872/vertigo-in-vestibular-schwannoma-patients-due-to-other-pathologies
#16
Ronald Sahyouni, Omid Moshtaghi, Yarah M Haidar, Hossein Mahboubi, Afsheen Moshtaghi, Harrison W Lin, Hamid R Djalilian
OBJECTIVE: To report findings from a cohort of vestibular schwannoma (VS) patients presenting with vertigo from a secondary comorbid vestibular disorder; and to discuss management strategies for this subset of patients presenting with both episodic vertigo and VS. PATIENTS: All VS patients who presented with vertigo as the primary symptom from 2012 to 2015 and endorsing no other major complaints were examined. INTERVENTION: Treatment with migraine lifestyle and prophylactic therapy, or Epley maneuver...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856170/factors-influencing-patient-selection-of-an-orthopaedic-sports-medicine-physician
#17
Blaine T Manning, Daniel D Bohl, Bryan M Saltzman, Eric J Cotter, Kevin C Wang, Chad T Epley, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole, Bernard R Bach
BACKGROUND: The rise in consumer-centric health insurance plans has increased the importance of the patient in choosing a provider. There is a paucity of studies that examine how patients select an orthopaedic sports medicine physician. PURPOSE: To evaluate factors that patients consider when choosing an orthopaedic sports medicine physician. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: A total of 1077 patients who sought treatment by 3 sports medicine physicians were administered an anonymous questionnaire...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755307/switch-to-semont-maneuver-is-no-better-than-repetition-of-epley-maneuver-in-treating-refractory-bppv
#18
Sun-Young Oh, Ji-Soo Kim, Kwang-Dong Choi, Ji-Yun Park, S-H Jeong, Seung-Han Lee, Hak-Seung Lee, Tae-Ho Yang, H-J Kim
The objectives of this study is to compare the efficacy between repetition of Epley maneuver and switch to alternate Semont maneuver in treating posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (PC-BPPV) that does not respond to the initial Epley maneuver. In the nationwide, seven dizziness clinics of Korea, 506 consecutive patients (303 women, age range 22-87, mean age ± SD = 64 ± 12, median = 61) with idiopathic PC-BPPV were initially treated with a single Epley maneuver. Of those, 144 (28.5%) patients, who did not respond to the therapy, were randomized to the repetition of Epley maneuver (n = 70) or switch to Semont maneuver (n = 74)...
September 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739612/benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-bppv-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-an-elite-professional-football-soccer-player
#19
Lisa Burrows, Rob Price
A 33-year-old male professional football player suffered from acute-onset dizziness following a lower limb soft tissue treatment in prone lying. Symptoms included spinning vertigo lasting for 30's, headache, visual vertigo and disorientation. Clinical examination of balance and vestibular systems confirmed a left posterior canalithiasis benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and excluded other central and peripheral causes of dizziness. Two cycles of a left Epley manoeuvre were performed. An Epley manoeuvre abolished the BPPV and negated the need for medication...
July 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725982/analysis-of-risk-factors-influencing-the-outcome-of-the-epley-maneuver
#20
E Domínguez-Durán, E Domènech-Vadillo, M G Álvarez-Morujo de Sande, R González-Aguado, G Guerra-Jiménez, Á Ramos-Macías, C Morales-Angulo, A J Martín-Mateos, E Figuerola-Massana, H Galera-Ruiz
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most frequent type of vertigo. The treatment of canalithiasis of the posterior semicircular canal consists in performing a particle-repositioning maneuver, such as the Epley maneuver (EM). However, the EM is not effective in all cases. The objective of this study is to identify risk factors, which predict the EM failure, among the clinical variables recorded in anamnesis and patient examination. This is an observational prospective multicentric study. All patients presenting with BPPV were recruited and applied the EM and appointed for a follow-up visit 7 days later...
October 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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