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Mahboobeh Sheikhzadeh, Yones Lotfi, Abdollah Mousavi, Behzad Heidari, Enyatollah Bakhshi
BACKGROUND: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a condition with recurrent attacks in a significant proportion of patients. The present case- control study was conducted to assess the influence of serum vitamin D normalization on recurrent attacks of vitamin D deficient patients. METHODS: Diagnosis of BPPV was made based on history and clinical examination and exclusion of other conditions. Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OHD) was measured using ELISA method and a levels of < 20 ng/ml was considered a deficiency of vitamin D...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Xiaoli Zhang, Xiaoyun Qian, Ling Lu, Jie Chen, Jing Liu, Chuanyao Lin, Xia Gao
BACKGROUND: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common type of peripheral vertigo. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the Semont maneuver (SM) for BPPV treatment, compared with other methods. METHODS: Studies were selected in relevant databases under pre-defined criteria up to June 2015. The Cochrane evaluation system was used to assess the quality of the studies. Effect size was indicated as a risk-ratio (RR) with corresponding 95% confidential interval (CI)...
August 12, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Juliana Schroeder, Nicholas Epley
Treating a human mind like a machine is an essential component of dehumanization, whereas attributing a humanlike mind to a machine is an essential component of anthropomorphism. Here we tested how a cue closely connected to a person's actual mental experience-a humanlike voice-affects the likelihood of mistaking a person for a machine, or a machine for a person. We predicted that paralinguistic cues in speech are particularly likely to convey the presence of a humanlike mind, such that removing voice from communication (leaving only text) would increase the likelihood of mistaking the text's creator for a machine...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
Alia Saberi, Shadman Nemati, Salah Sabnan, Fatemeh Mollahoseini, Ehsan Kazemnejad
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of peripheral vertigo. Some repositioning maneuvers have been described for its management. The aim of this study was comparing the therapeutic effect of Epley and Gans maneuvers in BPPV. This randomized clinical trial was performed from September to December 2015. 73 patients with true vertigo diagnosed as BPPV enrolled the study. They randomly assigned in quadripartite blocks to modified Epley maneuver group (E) or Gans maneuver group (G)...
August 3, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Mahboobeh Sheikhzadeh, Yones Lotfi, Abdollah Mousavi, Behzad Heidari, Mohsen Monadi, Enayatollah Bakhshi
BACKGROUND: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is linked to vitamin D deficiency. This clinical trial aimed to determine the influence of vitamin D supplementation on intensity of BPPV. METHODS: The study population was selected consecutively and the diagnosis of BPPV was made by history and clinical examination and exclusion of other conditions. Intensity of BPVV was assessed based on VAS score (0-10). Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) was measured using ELISA method and levels < 20 ng/ml was considered a deficiency...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Mehmet Taylan Güçlütürk, Zeynep Nil Ünal, Onur İsmi, Mehmet Burak Yavuz Çimen, Murat Ünal
OBJECTIVE: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common peripheral cause of vertigo. It can be defined as transient vertigo induced by rapid changes in head position associated with a characteristic paroxysmal positional nystagmus. The aim of this study was to search for the possible role of oxidative stress and inflammatory mediators in the pathogenesis of BPPV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total antioxidant status as well as paraoxonase, tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin (IL) 6, and IL-1β levels were evaluated in peripheral venous serum samples of 30 BPPV and 30 control patients...
April 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Nadav Klein, Nicholas Epley
Few biases in human judgment are easier to demonstrate than self-righteousness: the tendency to believe one is more moral than others. Existing research, however, has overlooked an important ambiguity in evaluations of one's own and others' moral behavior that could lead to an overly simplistic characterization of self-righteousness. In particular, moral behavior spans a broad spectrum ranging from doing good to doing bad. Self-righteousness could indicate believing that one is more likely to do good than others, less likely to do bad, or both...
May 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
M A Kutlubaev
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of vestibular vertigo. It is caused by dislodged otoconia that enters the semicircular canals. Its main symptom is relapsing positional vertigo. The provocative tests, in particular the Dix-Hallpike maneuver, are used to confirm the diagnosis. In case of positive result of the test, one of the maneuvers is peformed depending on the affected semicircular canal, for instance the Epley maneuver. It is important to differentiate BPPV from the vertigo of central origin...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
K K Patangay, Rahbar Ansari
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is probably common cause of vertigo. A total of 205 cases reported to ENT OPD for vertigo. Of these 43 patients were found to suffer from BPPV and in our experience BPPV is common condition. BPPV was more common in age group of 4th and 7th decades. The youngest patient reported was 41 years and the oldest patient was 78 years with a mean of 56.5. In this group there were 16 females and 27 males. This is a retrospective case study of 205 cases presenting with vertigo...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Juliana Schroeder, Eugene M Caruso, Nicholas Epley
Logically, group members cannot be responsible for more than 100% of the group's output, yet claims of responsibility routinely sum to more than 100%. This "over-claiming" occurs partly because of egocentrism: People focus on their own contributions, as focal members of the group, more than on others' contributions. Therefore, we predicted that over-claiming would increase with group size because larger groups leave more contributions from others to overlook. In 2 field studies, participants claimed more responsibility as the number of academic authors per article and the number of MBA students per study group increased...
June 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
Nan Gong, Xiaotong Zhang, Liqiao Ge, Dadao Xu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL) with vertigo. METHOD: By analyzing the clinical data of 271 ISSHL patients, they were divided into without vertigo group (n = 169) and vertigo group (n = 102). In vertigo group, 34 cases were patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) secondary to the ISSHL. All patients received conventional treatment. According to the types of BPPV, patients with secondary BPPV received Epley maneuver or Barbecue roll maneuver...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Kourosh Parham, George A Kuchel
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of vertigo in older adults. Beyond the unpleasant sensation of vertigo, BPPV also negatively affects older adults' gait and balance and increases their risk of falling. As such it has a profound effect on function, independence, and quality of life. Otoconia are the inner ear structures that help detect horizontal and vertical movements. Aging contributes to the fragmentation of otoconia, whose displacement into the semicircular, most commonly posterior canals, can produce rotatory movement sensations with head movement...
February 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Camila Nicácio da Silva, Karyna Myrelly O B de Figueiredo Ribeiro, Raysa Vanessa de Medeiros Freitas, Lidiane Maria de Britho Macedo Ferreira, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
Introduction Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is one of the most common and treatable causes of peripheral vestibular vertigo in adults. Its incidence increases with age, eventually leading to disability and a decreased quality of life. Objective The research aims to assess short-term effects of Otolith Repositioning Maneuver (ORM) on dizziness symptoms, quality of life, and postural balance in elderly people with Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo. Methods A quasi-experimental study, which evaluated 14 elderly people that underwent the Otolith Repositioning Maneuver and reevaluation after one week...
January 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Shyh Poh Teo
BACKGROUND: The Dix-Hallpike manoeuvre is performed for diagnosis and the Epley manoeuvre used for treatment of posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). However, musculoskeletal conditions may restrict utility of these manoeuvres. OBJECTIVE: The Semont and liberatory manoeuvres are described in this article. These manoeuvres are simple and highly effective for the diagnosis and treatment of posterior canal BPPV. DISCUSSION: The diagnosis of BPPV should not be missed as it can be diagnosed clinically and it is easily treated...
July 2015: Australian Family Physician
Mamata V Kene, Dustin W Ballard, David R Vinson, Adina S Rauchwerger, Hilary R Iskin, Anthony S Kim
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated emergency physicians' (EP) current perceptions, practice, and attitudes towards evaluating stroke as a cause of dizziness among emergency department patients. METHODS: We administered a survey to all EPs in a large integrated healthcare delivery system. The survey included clinical vignettes, perceived utility of historical and exam elements, attitudes about the value of and requisite post-test probability of a clinical prediction rule for dizziness...
September 2015: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sushil Gaur, Sanjeev Kumar Awasthi, Sunil Kumar Singh Bhadouriya, Rohit Saxena, Vivek Kumar Pathak, Mamta Bisht
Vertigo and balance disorders are among the most common symptoms encountered in patients who visit ENT outpatient department. This is associated with risk of falling and is compounded in elderly persons with other neurologic deficits and chronic medical problems. BPPV is the most common cause of peripheral vertigo. BPPV is a common vestibular disorder leading to significant morbidity, psychosocial impact, and medical costs. The objective of Epley's maneuver, which is noninvasive, inexpensive, and easily administered, is to move the canaliths out of the canal to the utricle where they no longer affect the canal dynamics...
2015: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Peijen Su, Yun-Chih Liu, Hung-Ching Lin
This retrospective study was conducted to determine the relationship between variable factors and the recurrence rate of post-semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (PSC-BPPV) after canalith repositioning procedure (CRP). Patients with PSC-BPPV were diagnosed by history and the presence of a positive Dix-Hallpike maneuver between 2008 and 2010. In total, 243 patients (47 males and 196 females, average age = 57.5 -years) treated with Epley's maneuver or canalith repositioning procedure (CRP) were included in the study...
January 2016: Journal of Neurology
Deniz Hancı, Hüseyin Altun
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the prevalence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) among motocross racers after cross-country up and downhill activities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This case-control study included 40 motocross racers (39 males, 1 female; mean age 26 years; range 21 to 43 years) and 40 healthy controls (30 males, 10 females; mean age 28 years; range 22 to 43 years) who had no hearing or balance problems. The Dix-Hallpike maneuver was applied to confirm the diagnosis of BPPV...
2015: Kulak Burun Boğaz Ihtisas Dergisi: KBB, Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat
Emélie Braschi, David Ross, Christina Korownyk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
B L Kinne, J S Leafman
BACKGROUND: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a common vestibular disorder that negatively affects an individual's health-related quality of life. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the Parnes particle repositioning manoeuvre as an intervention for individuals with posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. METHODS: The de-identified records of 155 individuals treated with the Parnes manoeuvre were examined. Descriptive statistics were calculated, including the frequency and valid per cent of participants whose nystagmus was resolved with the Parnes manoeuvre...
December 2015: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
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