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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630131/butorphanol-attenuates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-inhibiting-mitochondria-mediated-apoptosis-in-mice
#1
L-H Huang, J Li, J-P Gu, M-X Qu, J Yu, Z-Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of the opioid receptors agonist butorphanol on mice myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The left anterior descending of coronary artery was ligatured for 30 min and then reperfusion for 6 h was performed to mimic the mouse myocardial I/R injury. All mice were randomly divided into three groups: sham group, I/R group and I/R + butorphanol group. Blood samples were collected for the measurement of cardiac troponin I (CTnI) and creatine kinase MB (CK-MB) levels...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626425/salidroside-improves-brain-ischemic-injury-by-activating-pi3k-akt-pathway-and-reduces-complications-induced-by-delayed-tpa-treatment
#2
Wei Zuo, Feng Yan, Bo Zhang, Xiaomin Hu, Dan Mei
Cerebral ischemia causes blood-brain barrier (BBB) injury and thus increases the risk of complications secondary to thrombolysis, which limited its clinical application. This study aims to clarify the role and mechanism of salidroside (SALD) in alleviating brain ischemic injury and whether pretreatment of it could improve prognosis of delayed treatment of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA). Rats were subjected to 3h of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and were intraperitoneally administered with 10, 20 or 40mg/kg SALD before ischemia...
April 4, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611835/essential-role-for-smooth-muscle-cell-stromal-interaction-molecule-1-in-myocardial-infarction
#3
Vishal Mali, Samuel Haddox, Souad Belmadani, Khalid Matrougui
OBJECTIVES: Stromal interacting molecule-1 (STIM1) plays a role in coordinating calcium signaling in different cell types. The increase or deletion of STIM1 expression in cardiomyocyte causes cardiac complication. Moreover, the deletion of STIM1 in endothelial cell causes vascular endothelial dysfunction. However, the disruption of STIM1 in smooth muscle cells (SMC) has no effect on endothelial function but protects vascular function when mice are infused with angiotensin-II. Nevertheless, the role of SMC-STIM1 in acute and chronic myocardial infarction (MI) induced by acute ischemia-reperfusion injury and permanent coronary artery occlusion is unknown...
February 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602832/intracellular-chloride-and-scaffold-protein-mo25-cooperatively-regulate-transepithelial-ion-transport-through-wnk-signaling-in-the-malpighian-tubule
#4
Qifei Sun, Yipin Wu, Sima Jonusaite, John M Pleinis, John M Humphreys, Haixia He, Jeffrey N Schellinger, Radha Akella, Drew Stenesen, Helmut Krämer, Elizabeth J Goldsmith, Aylin R Rodan
Background With No Lysine kinase (WNK) signaling regulates mammalian renal epithelial ion transport to maintain electrolyte and BP homeostasis. Our previous studies showed a conserved role for WNK in the regulation of transepithelial ion transport in the Drosophila Malpighian tubule. Methods Using in vitro assays and transgenic Drosophila lines, we examined two potential WNK regulators, chloride ion and the scaffold protein mouse protein 25 (Mo25), in the stimulation of transepithelial ion flux. Results In vitro , autophosphorylation of purified Drosophila WNK decreased as chloride concentration increased...
March 30, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602830/3%C3%AE-methyl-neurosteroid-analogs-are-preferential-positive-allosteric-modulators-and-direct-activators-of-extrasynaptic-%C3%AE-gaba-a-receptors-in-the-hippocampus-dentate-gyrus-subfield
#5
Shu-Hui Chuang, Doodipala Samba Reddy
Neurosteroids are powerful modulators of GABA-A receptors. Ganaxolone (3α-hydroxy-3β-methyl-5α-pregnan-20-one, GX) and synthetic analogs of the neurosteroid allopregnanolone (AP) are designed to treat epilepsy and related conditions. However, their precise mechanism of action in native neurons remains unclear. Here, we sought to determine the mode of action of GX and its analogs at GABA-A receptors in native hippocampal neurons by analyzing extrasynaptic receptor-mediated tonic currents and synaptic receptor-mediated phasic currents...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599831/effect-of-curcumin-on-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-hypoxic-hepg2-cells-via-the-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-signaling-pathway
#6
Yihui Chen, Wei Zhong, Baohua Chen, Chuanyu Yang, Song Zhou, Jing Liu
To investigate the anti-angiogenic effect and underlying molecular mechanisms of curcumin on HepG2 cells under hypoxic conditions, insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) knockout HepG2 cells were constructed using a clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/Cas9 genome-editing system. Hypoxic conditions were generated using cobalt chloride (CoCl2 ). An MTT assay was performed to measure the effects of curcumin on cell viability in hypoxia-induced IGF-1R knockout HepG2 cells, while western blot analysis was used to detect the expression of IGF-1R, phosphorylated (p)-protein kinase B (Akt), p-extracellular signal-regulated kinases (Erk)1/2, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596900/role-of-nitric-oxide-and-wnk-spak-osr1-kcc2-signaling-in-daily-changes-in-gabaergic-inhibition-in-the-rat-dorsal-raphe-neurons
#7
Mi Jung Kim, Hye Jin Yang, Younghoon Kim, Insug Kang, Sung Soo Kim, Young-Wuk Cho
Serotonergic neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) act as wake-inducing neurons in the sleep-wake cycle and are controlled by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) synaptic inputs. We investigated daily changes in GABAergic inhibition of the rat DRN neurons and the role of nitric oxide (NO) and cation-chloride co-transporters in the GABAergic action. Neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) was co-expressed in 74% of serotonergic DRN neurons and nNOS expression was higher during daytime (the sleep cycle) than that during nighttime (the wake cycle)...
March 27, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584613/effect-of-l-carnitine-on-the-skeletal-muscle-contractility-in-simvastatin-induced-myopathy-in-rats
#8
Mohammad Ghalwash, Ahlam Elmasry, Nabil El-Adeeb
BACKGROUND: Statins therapy is effective in the prevention of cardiovascular events. However, its use is associated with skeletal muscle myopathy, which may be severe enough to discontinue statin therapy, thus exposing patients to more morbidity and mortality. This study was conducted to assess the effect of L-carnitine on the skeletal muscle contractility in a rat model of statin-induced myopathy and to clarify its possible mechanisms. METHODS: Twenty-one female Sprague Dawley rats were used throughout this study...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580816/overexpression-of-egr2-and-egr4-protects-rat-brains-against-ischemic-stroke-by-downregulating-jnk-signaling-pathway
#9
Rui-Na Niu, Xiao-Ping Shang, Jun-Fang Teng
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Egr2 and Egr4 upregulation on ischemic stroke recovery of rats. METHODS: In this study, Sprague Dawley (SD) rats assigned at random into control, sham and MCAO (middle cerebral artery occlusion) group were treated accordingly to build MCAO models. The neurological severity scores (NSS) test was applied to assess rats' behavior. Triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining reflected infarct areas while Nissl staining revealed the number of neurons...
March 23, 2018: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574335/infection-by-zika-viruses-requires-the-transmembrane-protein-axl-endocytosis-and-low-ph
#10
Mirjana Persaud, Alicia Martinez-Lopez, Cindy Buffone, Steven A Porcelli, Felipe Diaz-Griffero
The recent Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in Brazil has suggested associations of this virus infection with neurological disorders, including microcephaly in newborn infants and Guillian-Barré syndrome in adults. Previous reports have shown that AXL, a transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase protein, is essential for ZIKV infection of mammalian cells, but this remains controversial. Here, we have assessed the involvement of AXL in the ability of ZIKV to infect mammalian cells, and also the requirement for endocytosis and acidic pH...
March 22, 2018: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547524/endogenous-selenoprotein-p-a-liver-derived-secretory-protein-mediates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-mice
#11
Hiroshi Chadani, Soichiro Usui, Oto Inoue, Takashi Kusayama, Shin-Ichiro Takashima, Takeshi Kato, Hisayoshi Murai, Hiroshi Furusho, Ayano Nomura, Hirofumi Misu, Toshinari Takamura, Shuichi Kaneko, Masayuki Takamura
Selenoprotein P (SeP), a liver-derived secretory protein, functions as a selenium supply protein in the body. SeP has been reported to be associated with insulin resistance in humans through serial analysis of gene expression. Recently, SeP has been found to inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor-stimulated cell proliferation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, and impair angiogenesis in a mouse hind limb model. In this study, the role of SeP in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury has been investigated...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540815/computational-methods-for-estimating-molecular-system-from-membrane-potential-recordings-in-nerve-growth-cone
#12
Tatsuya Yamada, Makoto Nishiyama, Shigeyuki Oba, Henri Claver Jimbo, Kazushi Ikeda, Shin Ishii, Kyonsoo Hong, Yuichi Sakumura
Biological cells express intracellular biomolecular information to the extracellular environment as various physical responses. We show a novel computational approach to estimate intracellular biomolecular pathways from growth cone electrophysiological responses. Previously, it was shown that cGMP signaling regulates membrane potential (MP) shifts that control the growth cone turning direction during neuronal development. We present here an integrated deterministic mathematical model and Bayesian reversed-engineering framework that enables estimation of the molecular signaling pathway from electrical recordings and considers both the system uncertainty and cell-to-cell variability...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510506/resveratrol-inhibits-porcine-intestinal-glucose-and-alanine-transport-potential-roles-of-na%C3%A2-%C2%BA-k%C3%A2-%C2%BA-atpase-activity-protein-kinase-a-amp-activated-protein-kinase-and-the-association-of-selected-nutrient-transport-proteins-with-detergent-resistant-membranes
#13
Stefanie Klinger, Gerhard Breves
BACKGROUND: Beneficial effects of Resveratrol (RSV) have been demonstrated, including effects on transporters and channels. However, little is known about how RSV influences intestinal transport. The aim of this study was to further characterize the effects of RSV on intestinal transport and the respective mechanisms. METHODS: Porcine jejunum and ileum were incubated with RSV (300 µM, 30 min) in Ussing chambers (functional studies) and tissue bathes (detection of protein expression, phosphorylation, association with detergent resistant membranes (DRMs))...
March 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510178/metformin-increases-urinary-sodium-excretion-by-reducing-phosphorylation-of-the-sodium-chloride-cotransporter
#14
Hiroko Hashimoto, Naohiro Nomura, Wakana Shoda, Kiyoshi Isobe, Hiroaki Kikuchi, Kouhei Yamamoto, Takuya Fujimaru, Fumiaki Ando, Takayasu Mori, Tomokazu Okado, Tatemitsu Rai, Shinichi Uchida, Eisei Sohara
OBJECTIVE: Metformin is an antidiabetic drug that is widely used to treat patients with diabetes mellitus. Recent studies have reported that treatment with metformin not only improved blood glucose levels but also reduced blood pressure. However, it remains unclear how metformin reduces blood pressure. We hypothesized that metformin affects sodium reabsorption in the kidneys. METHODS: Urinary sodium excretion and expression of renal sodium transporters were examined in 8-week-old male C57BL/6 mice with acute and chronic treatment of metformin...
March 3, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506051/gsk-3%C3%AE-mtorc1-couples-synaptogenesis-and-axonal-repair-to-reduce-hypoxia-ischemia-mediated-brain-injury-in-neonatal-rats
#15
Tao Xiong, Yi Qu, Huiqin Wang, Hongju Chen, Jianghu Zhu, Fengyan Zhao, Rong Zou, Li Zhang, Dezhi Mu
Glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3β) plays an important role in neurological outcomes after brain injury. However, its roles and mechanisms in hypoxia-ischemia (HI) are unclear. Activation of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) has been proven to induce the synthesis of proteins associated with regeneration. We hypothesized that GSK-3β inhibition could activate the mTORC1 signaling pathway, which may reduce axonal injury and induce synaptic protein synthesis and functional recovery of synapses after HI. By analyzing a P7 rat model of cerebral HI and an in vitro ischemic (oxygen glucose deprivation) model, we found that GSK-3β inhibitors (GSK-3β siRNA or lithium chloride) activated mTORC1 signaling, leading to increased expression of synaptic proteins, including synapsin 1, PSD95, and GluR1, and the microtubule-associated protein Tau and decreased expression of the axonal injury-associated protein amyloid precursor protein...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497407/-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus-enters-caprine-endometrial-epithelial-cells-via-the-caveolae-mediated-endocytosis-pathway
#16
Bo Yang, Xuefeng Qi, Hui Guo, Peilong Jia, Shuying Chen, Zhijie Chen, Ting Wang, Jingyu Wang, Qinghong Xue
Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) causes an acute and highly contagious disease of sheep and goats and has spread with alarming speed around the world. The pathology of Peste des petits ruminants is linked to retrogressive changes and necrotic lesions in lymphoid tissues and epithelial cells. However, the process of PPRV entry into host epithelial cells remains largely unknown. Here, we performed a comprehensive study of the entry mechanism of PPRV into caprine endometrial epithelial cells (EECs). We clearly demonstrated that PPRV internalization was inhibited by chloroquine and ammonium chloride, which elevate the pH of various organelles...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496908/quantitative-phosphoproteomic-and-metabonomic-analyses-reveal-gmmyb173-optimizes-flavonoid-metabolism-in-soybean-under-salt-stress
#17
Erxu Pi, Chengmin Zhu, Wei Fan, Yingying Huang, Liqun Qu, Yangyang Li, Qinyi Zhao, Feng Ding, Lijuan Qiu, Huizhong Wang, B W Poovaiah, Liqun Du
Salinity causes osmotic stress to crops and limits their productivity. To understand the mechanism underlying soybean salt tolerance, proteomics approach was used to identify phosphoproteins altered by NaCl treatment. Results revealed that 412 of the 4698 quantitatively analyzed phosphopeptides were significantly up-regulated upon salt treatment, including a phosphopeptide covering the serine 59 in the transcription factor GmMYB173. Our data showed that GmMYB173 is one of the three MYB proteins differentially phosphorylated upon salt treatment, and a substrate of the casein kinase-II...
March 1, 2018: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494909/effect-of-perfluorooctane-sulphonate-induced-kupffer-cell-activation-on-hepatocyte-proliferation-through-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-tnf-%C3%AE-il-6-dependent-pathway
#18
Rui Han, Fang Zhang, Chong Wan, Limin Liu, Qiang Zhong, Wenjun Ding
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), one member of polyfluoroalkyl chemicals (PFASs), persist in the environment and are found in relatively high concentrations in animal livers. PFOS has been shown to induce tumour of the liver in rats following chronic dietary administration. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in PFOS-induced hepatocellular hypertrophy are still not well characterized. In this study, male Sprague-Dawley rats were daily gavaged with PFOS (1 or 10 mg/kg body weight) for 28 days. Rat primary cultured Kupffer cells or hepatocytes were exposed to 100 μM PFOS for 0-48 h...
February 23, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479306/identification-of-chloride-channels-clcn3-and-clcn5-mediating-the-excitatory-cl-currents-activated-by-sphingosine-1-phosphate-in-sensory-neurons
#19
Yanmei Qi, Norbert Mair, Kai K Kummer, Michael G Leitner, María Camprubí-Robles, Michiel Langeslag, Michaela Kress
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive sphingolipid involved in numerous physiological and pathophysiological processes. We have previously reported a S1P-induced nocifensive response in mice by excitation of sensory neurons via activation of an excitatory chloride current. The underlying molecular mechanism for the S1P-induced chloride conductance remains elusive. In the present study, we identified two CLCN voltage-gated chloride channels, CLCN3 and CLCN5, which mediated a S1P-induced excitatory Cl- current in sensory neurons by combining RNA-seq, adenovirus-based gene silencing and whole-cell electrophysiological voltage-clamp recordings...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474201/mechanical-ventilation-induces-desensitization-of-lung-axl-tyrosine-kinase-receptors
#20
Gail Otulakowski, Doreen Engelberts, Martin Post, Claire Masterson, Brian P Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Lower tidal volumes are increasingly used in acute respiratory distress syndrome, but mortality has changed little in the last 20 yr. Therefore, in addition to ventilator settings, it is important to target molecular mediators of injury. Sepsis and other inflammatory states increase circulating concentrations of Gas6, a ligand for the antiinflammatory receptor Axl, and of a soluble decoy form of Axl. We investigated the effects of lung stretch on Axl signaling. METHODS: We used a mouse model of early injury from high tidal volume and assessed the effects of inhibiting Axl on in vivo lung injury (using an antagonist R428, n = 4/group)...
February 23, 2018: Anesthesiology
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