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neonatal sepsis lumbar puncture

Christopher D Goldfinch, Tony Korman, Despina Kotsanas, David P Burgner, Kenneth Tan
AIM: Meningitis may complicate neonatal sepsis, but there is scant evidence to inform the decision to perform a lumbar puncture (LP) and considerable variation in practice. We investigated whether inflammatory markers - C-reactive protein (CRP) and immature-to-total neutrophil ratio (ITR) - were predictive of meningitis or significant cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis and useful in guiding the decision to perform a LP. METHODS: We studied all inpatients in a single tertiary neonatal unit who were <6 months of age who had a LP performed between March 2011 and October 2014...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Maryke Nielsen, Naveed Sheikh, Eoin Fitzgerald, Mary Meehan, David LeBlanc, Maeve Eogan, Afif El-Khuffash, Richard J Drew
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the most common cause of early-onset neonatal sepsis and meningitis. In babies with no clinical suspicion of infection, who are at risk of early-onset invasive disease based on maternal risk factors, blood cultures are taken to detect bacteraemia. In our institution, lumbar punctures are performed in infants with clinical signs of sepsis but not in infants who are well at the time of screening. Between 2001 and 2014, there were 112,361 live births weighing >500 g, of whom 13,959 (12...
June 2017: Infectious Diseases
Christopher Henry Grant, Andrew Arnott, Tim Brook, Alice Horne, William Hurst, Sarah Kelly, Christina Lang, Madeleine Payne, Hannah Pert, Sarah Sparrow, Pakaye Anne Dokubo, Natalie Bee, Ruth Gibbs, Julie-Clare Becher
Prolonged antibiotic therapy is associated with antimicrobial resistance and increased mortality in preterm infants. We evaluated the impact of an automatic stop order (ASO) and C-reactive protein (CRP) on the duration of antibiotics and level of intervention in infants screened for early-onset sepsis who had negative cultures. We introduced an ASO for low-risk infants, then, consequently, for all infants treated for suspected sepsis. We subsequently introduced a single CRP measurement at 36 hours. Between 2011 and 2014, 4 time periods were studied, at baseline and after each intervention...
January 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
Martin Drageset, Jon Widding Fjalstad, Sven Mortensen, Claus Klingenberg
AIM: This study compared the management and outcomes of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) in two tertiary neonatal units in Denmark and Norway. METHODS: We retrospectively studied all infants diagnosed with EONS between April 2010 and March 2013 and managed at Odense University Hospital, Denmark, and the University Hospital of North Norway, Norway. Clinical and laboratory data were collected from patient records. RESULTS: We identified 137 EONS cases in Denmark and 101 in Norway...
March 2017: Acta Paediatrica
D Lagae, V Rigo, J-M Senterre, M Kalenga, J Piérart
Enterovirus (EV) may cause a broad spectrum of clinical syndromes and even cause a sepsis-like picture. Although they are responsible for high morbidity and mortality rates, viral testing does not appear in the algorithms for the evaluation of neonatal infections. During the month of June 2013, we identified 3 cases of EV meningitis in our unit of neonatology. All three infants had fever during the first week of life and their clinical examination revealed an irritability. The EV infection was detected by Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) EV on the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)...
February 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
Lucy Qian Li, Sanjay Cheema, Nupur Goel
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is an infrequent cause of meningitis in adults, usually affecting elderly patients and those with serious underlying disease. It is more commonly recognised as one of the leading aetiological agents of neonatal sepsis following maternally derived infection during pregnancy. We report a case of a previously healthy 26-year-old man who presented with fevers, confusion and headache. Lumbar puncture results were consistent with bacterial meningitis, and blood cultures grew GBS. To the best of our knowledge, our patient represents one of the few reported cases of GBS meningitis in a previously healthy young man...
January 12, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Veronica Siljehav, Annika M Hofstetter, Kristin Leifsdottir, Eric Herlenius
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether infection, with associated eicosanoid release, is a main cause of respiratory disruption in neonates, by measuring levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and its metabolite (PGEM) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). STUDY DESIGN: Of 59 eligible infants, 25 preterm infants (mean gestational age, 28 ± 0.5 weeks) and 22 full-term infants (mean gestational age, 40 ± 0.5 weeks) from a level 3 neonatal intensive care unit and the general maternity neonatal ward were enrolled prospectively...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
Tyler R Reese, Shad H Deering, Laurie B Kavanagh, Douglas M Maurer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Deployment away from regular clinical practice is necessary for Army family physicians, but no current information identifies specific procedures or clinical encounters where they feel less comfortable after deployment. This study identifies specific clinical areas and amount of perceived degradation in skills after deployment to combat zones. METHODS: Active duty Army family physicians were invited to participate in a web-based and anonymous survey rating comfort level performing clinical encounters or procedures prior to and after military deployment...
May 2015: Family Medicine
Arindam Mukherjee, Louise Davidson, Lazarus Anguvaa, Donovan Alistair Duffy, Nigel Kennea
BACKGROUND: In August 2012, new national guidance (National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) CG149) for management of early onset sepsis (EOS) was introduced in the UK. The guidance outlined a consistent approach for septic screens in newborn infants based on risk factors, and suggested biochemical and clinical parameters to guide management. In particular, it advised a second C-reactive protein level (CRP) 18-24 h into treatment to help determine length of antibiotic course, need for lumbar puncture (LP), and suggested review of blood culture at 36 h...
May 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
L Mahieu, J-P Langhendries, V Cossey, C De Praeter, P Lepage, P Melin
Despite group B streptococcal (GBS) screening in late pregnancy and intrapartum antimicrobial prophylaxis, early-onset sepsis in neonates remains a common source of neonatal morbidity and mortality especially in preterm neonates. The identification of neonates with early-onset sepsis is usually based on perinatal risk factors. Clinical signs are aspecific and laboratory tests are not sensitive. Therefore, many clinicians will overtreat at-risk infants. Inappropriate treatment with antibiotics increases the risk for late-onset sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, mortality, and prolongs hospitalisation and costs...
October 2014: Acta Clinica Belgica
Roya Farhadi, Mahbobeh Yaghobian, Benyamin Mohseni Saravi
BACKGROUND: One of the important diseases in neonatal period is sepsis. Clinical sign and symptoms in addition to lab tests are the most important way to accurate diagnosis and prevention of mortality. This study was conducted with the aim of determining the most clinical sign and symptoms which leading to diagnosis of sepsis. MATERIALS & METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. The medical records of patients hospitalized in hospitals of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences during 2011-2012 were reviewed...
July 2014: Global Journal of Health Science
Courtney Kiser, Ursula Nawab, Kristin McKenna, Zubair H Aghai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chorioamnionitis (CAM) is a major risk factor for neonatal sepsis. At our institution, neonates exposed to CAM and intrapartum antibiotics are treated with prolonged antimicrobial therapy if laboratory values are abnormal despite a sterile blood culture. Recently, the Committee on the Fetus and Newborn (COFN) recommended a similar strategy for treating neonates exposed to CAM. Our objective was to determine the frequency of abnormal laboratory parameters in term and late-preterm neonates exposed to CAM and evaluate the implication of recent COFN guidelines...
June 2014: Pediatrics
Varun Kaul, Rekha Harish, Sandesh Ganjoo, Bella Mahajan, Sunil Kumar Raina, Diptiman Koul
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of meningitis in cases with late onset septicemia (LOS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was carried out for a period of 1 year in a tertiary care hospital in North West India to estimate the prevalence of meningitis in cases of LOS. In all the admitted neonates with features of sepsis with a positive C-reactive protein, a lumbar puncture (LP) was carried out and results interpreted on the basis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology and biochemistry...
April 2013: Journal of Clinical Neonatology
Nahar Al Ruwaili, Dennis Scolnik
OBJECTIVE: To document the range of presentations, extent of investigations, and treatment choices of 'physicians treating' neonates with mastitis seen over a 9-year period at a tertiary care pediatric hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An email survey was sent to Emergency Department (ED) staff and fellows asking them how they would treat a well-looking neonate with localized mastitis. Secondly, a retrospective chart review of neonates presenting to the ED with a diagnosis of neonatal mastitis or breast engorgement from July 2000 to December 2009 was conducted to assess how such patients were actually treated...
October 2012: Journal of Clinical Neonatology
Deepak Juyal, Vyas Kumar Rathaur, Neelam Sharma
A five day old full term born baby was admitted to our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit with seizures, opisthotonous posture and was icteric upto thigh. Baby had a three day history of poor feeding, lethargy and abnormal body movements. Mother was a 29 years old primigravida and had a normal vaginal delivery at home. Sepsis profile of the patient was requested, lumbar puncture and ventricular tap was performed. Patient was put on third generation cephalosporins, aminoglycosides and phenobarbitone. Culture and sensitivity report of blood, Cerebro spinal fluid and ventricular fluid showed Proteus mirabilis...
February 2013: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Nima Alan, Sunil Manjila, Nori Minich, Nancy Bass, Alan R Cohen, Michele Walsh, Shenandoah Robinson
OBJECT: Although survival for extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs) has improved in the past 3 decades, these infants remain prone to complications of prematurity, including intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). The authors reviewed the outcomes for an entire cohort of ELGANs who suffered severe IVH at their institution during the past 12 years to gain a better understanding of the natural history of IVH and frequency of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement in this population...
November 2012: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Stephen W Patrick, Robert E Schumacher, Matthew M Davis
BACKGROUND: Whether lumbar punctures (LPs) should be performed routinely for term newborns suspected of having early onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) is subject to debate. It is unclear whether variations in performance of LPs for EONS may be associated with patient, hospital, insurance or regional factors. Our objective was to identify characteristics associated with the practice of performing LPs for suspected EONS in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Utilizing data from the 2003, 2006 and 2009 Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) compiled by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, we examined the frequency and characteristics of term, normal-birth weight newborns receiving an LP for EONS...
August 28, 2012: BMC Pediatrics
Karol Szwabowicz, Anatol Panasiuk
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a gram-negative bacteria, which is the most frequent cause of invasive neonatal infection. About 10-30% of pregnant woman are carriers of GBS. GBS infection is transmitted to neonates from colonized vagina. Children of those mothers have 25 times higher risk of early onset neonatal sepsis then of those not colonized. Colonization can be transient, intermittent or persistent that is why ano-vaginal swabs are taken between 35 to 37 gestation week. This is a primary way of defining a risk of neonatal GBS infection...
2012: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Lakshmi Srinivasan, Samir S Shah, Michael A Padula, Soraya Abbasi, Karin L McGowan, Mary C Harris
OBJECTIVE: To determine reference ranges of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) laboratory findings in term and preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. STUDY DESIGN: Data were collected prospectively as part of a multisite study of infants aged <6 months undergoing lumbar puncture for evaluation of suspected sepsis. Infants with a red blood cell count >500 cells/μL or a known cause of CSF pleocytosis were excluded from the analysis. RESULTS: A total of 318 infants met the inclusion criteria...
October 2012: Journal of Pediatrics
Maria Regina Bentlin, Gabriel Luís Ferreira, Ligia Maria Suppo de Souza Rugolo, Geraldo Henrique Soares Silva, Alessandro Lia Mondelli, Antonio Rugolo Júnior
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of and mortality due to meningitis and compare data according to microbiological diagnosis. This was a ten-year retrospective study conducted at a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Newborns with meningitis confirmed by positive CSF culture were included; those with congenital infection or malformations that made lumbar puncture impossible were excluded. The variables investigated were birth weight, gestational and postnatal age, procedures, hematological and CSF parameters, and complications...
December 2010: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
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