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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223188/disordered-eating-in-sami-and-non-sami-norwegian-populations-the-saminor-2-clinical-survey
#1
Kirsti Kvaløy, Marita Melhus, Anne Silviken, Magritt Brustad, Tore Sørlie, Ann Ragnhild Broderstad
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate disordered eating (DE) among Sami compared with non-Sami residing in northern Norway. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional design, stratified by sex and ethnicity, associations were tested between DE (Eating Disturbance Scale; EDS-5) and age, education level, BMI category, anxiety and depression, physical activity and consumption of snacks. SETTING: The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey (2012-2014) based on the population of ten municipalities in northern Norway...
December 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220681/experience-of-caregiving-and-coping-strategies-in-caregivers-of-adolescents-with-an-eating-disorder-a-comparative-study
#2
Melissa Parks, Dimitra Anastasiadou, Julio César Sánchez, Montserrat Graell, Ana R Sepulveda
Caring for a relative with an eating disorder (ED) is associated with heightened psychological distress, which, according to a stress-coping model, may be influenced by coping and appraisal. However, limited quantitative studies have assessed coping in ED caregivers. This cross-sectional study aims to assess 1) the differences in coping between caregivers of three groups: patients with an ED, patients with a substance use disorder, and healthy teens, and 2) the patient and caregiver variables associated with coping and appraisal of the caregiving experience...
November 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219202/disturbance-of-gut-satiety-peptide-in-purging-disorder
#3
Pamela K Keel, Lisa A Eckel, Britny A Hildebrandt, Alissa A Haedt-Matt, Jonathan Appelbaum, David C Jimerson
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about biological factors that contribute to purging after normal amounts of food-the central feature of purging disorder (PD). This study comes from a series of nested studies examining ingestive behaviors in bulimic syndromes and specifically evaluated the satiety peptide YY (PYY) and the hunger peptide ghrelin in women with PD (n = 25), bulimia nervosa-purging (BNp) (n = 26), and controls (n = 26). Based on distinct subjective responses to a fixed meal in PD (Keel, Wolfe, Liddle, DeYoung, & Jimerson, ), we tested whether postprandial PYY response was significantly greater and ghrelin levels significantly lower in women with PD compared to controls and women with BNp...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218761/naturalistic-outcome-of-family-based-inpatient-treatment-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#4
Inger Halvorsen, Deborah Lynn Reas, Jan-Vegard Nilsen, Øyvind Rø
BACKGROUND: Outpatient family-based treatment (FBT) is the best-documented treatment for adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN), but research is scarce on FBT adapted to inpatient settings. AIM: The naturalistic outcome of inpatient FBT for adolescent AN was investigated. METHODS: Thirty-seven (65%) of 57 patients who received inpatient FBT at a tertiary adolescent eating disorders (ED) unit participated in a follow-up interview (mean 4.5 ± 1...
December 8, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218756/weight-suppression-but-not-symptom-improvement-predicts-weight-gain-during-inpatient-treatment-for-bulimia-nervosa
#5
Johannes Baltasar Hessler, Alice Diedrich, Martin Greetfeld, Sandra Schlegl, Caroline Schwartz, Ulrich Voderholzer
OBJECTIVE: Fear of gaining weight is a common obstacle to seeking treatment for bulimia nervosa (BN). We investigated changes in body mass index (BMI) during inpatient treatment for BN in relation to treatment outcome and weight suppression (WS). METHODS: Female inpatients of a specialized eating disorders clinic were grouped as deteriorated/unchanged, reliably improved, and clinically significantly improved based on Eating Disorder Inventory-2 scores. Repeated measures ANOVA was employed to examine changes in BMI between admission and discharge depending on treatment outcome and WS...
December 8, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217517/assessment-of-child-or-young-person-with-a-possible-eating-disorder
#6
Helen Bould, Claudia Newbegin, Mina Fazel, Anne Stewart, Alan Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217505/eating-disorders-in-children-and-young-people
#7
Helen Bould, Claudia Newbegin, Anne Stewart, Alan Stein, Mina Fazel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215937/orthorexia-nervosa-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
Christine B Costa, Kholoud Hardan-Khalil, Kimberly Gibbs
BACKGROUND: The phenomenon of orthorexia nervosa (ON) has been noted by clinicians since 1996 and described in the scientific literature, and yet there is no formal recognition of ON as a psychiatric diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: Review the latest available literature regarding diagnoses similarities, presentation uniqueness, assessment/assessment tools, and suggested treatments of ON. METHOD/DESIGN: A literature search of four databases focusing on articles published between 2000 and 2016 was conducted to evaluate the status of the literature on Orthorexia...
December 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215777/atypical-anorexia-nervosa-is-not-related-to-brain-structural-changes-in-newly-diagnosed-adolescent-patients
#9
Gaia Olivo, Linda Solstrand Dahlberg, Lyle Wiemerslage, Ingemar Swenne, Christina Zhukovsky, Helena Salonen-Ros, Elna-Marie Larsson, Santino Gaudio, Samantha J Brooks, Helgi B Schiöth
OBJECTIVE: Patients with atypical anorexia nervosa (AN) have many features overlapping with AN in terms of genetic risk, age of onset, psychopathology and prognosis of outcome, although the weight loss may not be a core factor. While brain structural alterations have been reported in AN, there are currently no data regarding atypical AN patients. METHOD: We investigated brain structure through a voxel-based morphometry analysis in 22 adolescent females newly-diagnosed with atypical AN, and 38 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC)...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215750/questionnaire-based-problematic-relationship-to-eating-and-food-is-associated-with-25-year-body-mass-index-trajectories-during-midlife-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#10
Cynthia Yoon, David R Jacobs, Daniel A Duprez, Gareth Dutton, Cora E Lewis, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Lyn M Steffen, Delia S West, Susan M Mason
OBJECTIVE: Problematic eating behaviors and attitudes are of public health concern. Questionnaire-based assessment of these behaviors is important for large-scale research on eating behaviors. The questionnaire on eating and weight patterns-revised (QEWP-R) measures potential problematic behaviors and attitudes toward food (including anxieties, compensatory actions, overeating and loss of control, dieting, and shape concerns) that in aggregate may indicate diagnosable eating disorders...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215749/building-evidence-for-the-use-of-descriptive-subtypes-in-youth-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#11
Mark L Norris, Wendy Spettigue, Nicole G Hammond, Debra K Katzman, Nancy Zucker, Katie Yelle, Alexandre Santos, Madeline Gray, Nicole Obeid
OBJECTIVE: To examine characteristics of patients with Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) in an effort to identify and describe subtypes of the disorder. METHOD: A retrospective chart review was completed for patients aged 8-17 years assessed over a 17-year period. RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients were included in the study, the majority of whom were female (n = 56, 73%). The average age of patients was 13.7 years (SD = 2...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215748/reliability-and-validity-of-the-experiences-in-close-relationships-scale-12-attachment-dimensions-in-a-clinical-sample-with-eating-disorders
#12
Giorgio A Tasca, Agostino Brugnera, Danielle Baldwin, Samantha Carlucci, Angelo Compare, Louise Balfour, Genevieve Proulx, Mary Gick, Marie-France Lafontaine
OBJECTIVE: Attachment insecurity is a potential risk factor for the development and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs). To date, there are multiple psychometrically sound questionnaires for the evaluation of attachment in both clinical and healthy populations, such as the Experience in Close Relationships (ECR) scale. Composed by two subscales (i.e., attachment anxiety and avoidance), the ECR scale was recently adapted to a shorter, 12-item version (ECR-12). However, a validation of the ECR-12 among patients with EDs is still lacking...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215743/driven-exercise-in-the-absence-of-binge-eating-implications-for-purging-disorder
#13
Janet A Lydecker, Megan Shea, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Purging disorder (PD) is characterized by recurrent purging without objectively large binge-eating episodes. PD has received relatively little attention, and questions remain about the clinical significance of "purging" by exercise that is driven or compulsive (i.e., as extreme compensatory or weight-control behavior). The little available research suggests that individuals who use exercise as a compensatory behavior might have less eating-disorder psychopathology than those who purge by vomiting or laxatives, but those studies have had smaller sample sizes, defined PD using low-frequency thresholds, and defined exercise without weight-compensatory or driven elements...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215131/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-an-italian-prison-and-relation-with-average-term-of-detention-a-pilot-study
#14
D Rocca
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and overweight are universally recognized as risk factors for cardiovascular disease, stroke and other chronic diseases. The few studies of overweight and obesity in inmate populations suggest that the prevalence of obesity in an institution is associated with the prevalence of the region. The goal of the study is to describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a sample of prisoners. METHODS: In a sample of prisoners of Busto Arsizio prison, weight and height were measured with standard method...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214023/assessment-and-clinical-management-of-bone-disease-in-adults-with-eating-disorders-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Anne Drabkin, Micol S Rothman, Elizabeth Wassenaar, Margherita Mascolo, Philip S Mehler
Aim: To review current medical literature regarding the causes and clinical management options for low bone mineral density (BMD) in adult patients with eating disorders. Background: Low bone mineral density is a common complication of eating disorders with potentially lifelong debilitating consequences. Definitive, rigorous guidelines for screening, prevention and management are lacking. This article intends to provide a review of the literature to date and current options for prevention and treatment...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212554/benefits-of-a-mentoring-support-program-for-individuals-with-an-eating-disorder-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-program
#16
Lucie M Ramjan, Phillipa Hay, Sarah Fogarty
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this proof-of-concept pilot study was to assess the usefulness of a mentoring support program with a goal to improve hope for recovery in people with an eating disorder. RESULTS: Significant improvements (p ≤ 0.05) in hope for recovery were found for the mentees in the following domains: social relationships (p = 0.027), romantic relationships (p = 0.032), family life (p = 0.047), work (0.003) and overall scores (p = 0.003). There were no significant findings for any of the areas for the mentors...
December 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210607/detection-of-anorexia-nervosa-in-primary-care
#17
Ashley Higgins, Stacey Cahn
In the years preceding diagnosis, individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) attend more primary care appointments than their peers. Primary care physicians (PCPs) may be uniquely situated to detect AN in early manifestations. In this study, a sample of physicians was recruited online. Videotaped vignettes of a primary care appointment were shown to these participants, who were asked to diagnose the patient and could make a referral. 61.2% of participants identified an eating disorder (ED) diagnosis. However, of those, only 40% intended to refer for therapy...
December 6, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210517/the-current-status-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-marking-the-51st-annual-convention-of-the-association-of-behavioral-and-cognitive-therapies
#18
EDITORIAL
Ruth Striegel Weissman, Guido K W Frank, Kelly L Klump, Jennifer J Thomas, Tracey Wade, Glenn Waller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209385/the-role-of-uncontrolled-eating-and-screen-time-in-the-link-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-with-weight-in-late-childhood
#19
Joung-Sook Ahn, Seongho Min, Min-Hyuk Kim
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the mediating roles of uncontrolled eating and sedentary behaviours in the link of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and weight. Methods: A total of 352 children in fifth and sixth grade participated in the present study by completing the self-rated Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire and Children of Alcoholics Screening Test during regular classes. An additional questionnaire completed by their parents provided information about the children's ADHD and emotional symptoms, sedentary behaviour based on screen time, and parental variables...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208727/an-unusual-case-of-abdominal-pain-and-hyponatremia-in-a-16-year-old-girl-with-disordered-eating
#20
Grace Hunter, Rebecca Blankenburg, Jennifer Andrews, Terrell Stevenson
A previously healthy 16-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with 1 week of severe, diffuse abdominal pain and constipation, as well as several episodes of nonbloody, nonbilious emesis. Her symptoms began several days after she decreased her caloric intake in an attempt to lose weight. She had been drinking 48 to 60 oz of water per day for several days before admission in an attempt to ameliorate her constipation. She also admits to drinking alcohol the night before her pain began. She had visited several other emergency departments before her presentation to our hospital, and she had been sent home on a bowel regimen without amelioration of her symptoms...
December 5, 2017: Pediatrics
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