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Eating disorders

Hana F Zickgraf, Anjeli Elkins
This study explores the relationships among anxiety, sensitivity to sensory stimuli, and picky eating (PE). An earlier study in 95 children ages 5-10 found that sensory sensitivity fully mediated the relationship between anxiety and picky eating. We replicated this finding in a sample of 158 children, ages 8-17, and in 813 young adult college students. As in the previous child sample, the relationship between anxiety and picky eating appears to be mediated by sensory sensitivity. This relationship extends into adolescence and young adulthood and holds even in a sample of children with obsessive-compulsive-spectrum and anxiety disorders...
June 18, 2018: Appetite
Gina Dimitropoulos, Ashley L Landers, Victoria E Freeman, Jason Novick, Olivia Cullen, Marla Engelberg, Cathleen Steinegger, Daniel Le Grange
Background: Family-Based Treatment (FBT) is the first line of care in paediatric treatment while adult programs focus on individualized models of care. Transition age youth (TAY) with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) are in a unique life stage and between systems of care. As such, they and their caregivers may benefit from specialized, developmentally tailored models of treatment. Methods: The primary purpose of this study was to assess if parental self-efficacy and caregiver accommodation changed in caregivers during the course of FBT-TAY for AN...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Catherine Preston, H Henrik Ehrsson
Dissatisfaction with one's body is a widespread issue in modern society and has been linked to vulnerability for developing eating disorders. Recent studies have demonstrated a direct relationship between body perception and body satisfaction by manipulating perceived body size using multisensory body illusions. However, how these body size illusions influence implicit affective experience has not previously been examined. The current experiment used an established full-body ownership illusion paradigm to induce feelings of illusory obesity in male and female participants...
2018: PloS One
Ji Hyun Baek, Kiwon Kim, Jin Pyo Hong, Maeng Je Cho, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, Sung Man Chang, Ji Yeon Kim, Hana Cho, Hong Jin Jeon
Eating disorders comorbid with depression are an established risk factor for suicide. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of binge eating (BE) symptoms on suicidality and related clinical characteristics in major depressive disorder (MDD). A total of 817 community participants with MDD were included. We compared two groups (with and without lifetime BE symptoms). The MDD with BE group was subdivided into a frequent BE (FBE) subgroup (BE symptoms greater than twice weekly) and any BE (ABE) subgroup (BE symptoms greater than twice weekly)...
2018: PloS One
Rukiye Çolak Sivri, Hayriye Hizarcioğlu Gülşen, Arzu Yilmaz
Phagophobia is a condition characterized by an avoidance of swallowing foods and an intense fear of choking while eating solid foods in the absence of physiological and anatomical abnormalities. Phagophobia is mentioned in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition and International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition in the new diagnostic category of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder. The literature concerning phagophobia is sparse, and there is no specific treatment modality for this life-threatening condition...
June 20, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
Maartje S Spetter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is in the brain where the decision is made what and how much to eat. In the last decades neuroimaging research has contributed extensively to new knowledge about appetite control by revealing the underlying brain processes. Interestingly, there is the fast growing idea of using these methods to develop new treatments for obesity and eating disorders. In this review, we summarize the findings of the importance of the use of neuropharmacology and neuroimaging techniques in understanding and modifying appetite control...
June 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Heather A Davis, Gregory T Smith
Binge eating and purging behaviors are associated with significant harm and distress among adolescents. The process by which these behaviors develop (often in the high school years) is not fully understood. We tested the Acquired Preparedness (AP) model of risk involving transactions among biological, personality, and psychosocial factors to predict binge eating and purging behavior in a sample of 1,906 children assessed in the spring of 5th grade (the last year of elementary school), the fall of 6th grade (the first year of middle school), spring of 6th grade, and spring of 10th grade (second year of high school)...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Dimitra Anastasiadou, Frans Folkvord, Francisco Lupiañez-Villanueva
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the existing evidence of mobile health (mHealth) tools for the treatment of eating disorders (ED). METHOD: Electronic databases (Pubmed, PsycInfo, and SCOPUS) were searched, and PRISMA guidelines were followed. Selected studies were divided into three categories according to the intended purpose of the mHealth tools used: (a) sole means of support, (b) complementary to standard face-to-face treatment, and (c) for relapse prevention...
June 21, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Camilla A Wiklund, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Laura M Thornton, Katarina Bälter, Elisabeth Welch, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the role of premorbid body mass index (BMI) in the emergence of eating disorders may be key to identifying effective prevention strategies. We explore relations between BMI and eating disorders traits in young twins. METHOD: The effect of BMI at age 9/12 and 15 on eating disorder traits measured using the Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI) at ages 15 and 18 was examined using bivariate modelling in a longitudinal population sample of Swedish twins...
June 21, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Iolanda S Rodino, Gilles E Gignac, Katherine A Sanders
Patient-perceived stress and avoidance-oriented coping strategies are mental health risk factors well documented within the infertility literature. Relatedly, these factors are associated with maladaptive eating behaviours known to influence reproductive functioning. This study aims to investigate the interconnection between perceived stress, avoidant coping style and eating pathology in infertile women, and to determine whether avoidant coping style mediates the relationship between stress and eating pathology...
April 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
Małgorzata Wrzosek, Ada Sawicka, Marek Tałałaj, Marcin Wojnar, Grażyna Nowicka
BACKGROUND: Obesity is recognized as a major health problem. Vitamin D is involved in maintaining energy metabolism by regulation of glucose transporters, uncoupling proteins, and normal brain function. We aimed to explore a relationship between impulsivity, eating behaviors, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration in a sample of 322 bariatric surgery candidates. METHODS: Participants completed a questionnaire on their health, eating habits and The Eating Disorders Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q)...
February 5, 2018: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Emma J Stinson, Marisol Perez, Tara K Ohrt, Anna Von Schell, Amanda B Bruening
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to investigate whether credibility, expectancy, and acceptability of the Body Project is impacted by level of disordered eating pathology and whether perceived credibility, expectancy, and acceptability impacts treatment outcomes. METHODS: The sample included 170 undergraduate women from a large public university. Participants completed self-report questionnaires on perceived credibility, expectancy, treatment acceptability, and disordered eating measures...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Tlalit Dori Frenkel, Yael Latzer, Rachel Lev-Wiesel
BACKGROUND: We investigated the correlation between eating-related pathology and the Superwoman ideal among ultra-Orthodox (Haredi) and National-Religious women in Israel using self-figure drawings and related narratives. METHOD: A sample of 55 women filled out self-report eating attitudes questionnaire (EAT-26), the Superwoman Ideal questionnaire, and a self-drawing followed by a narrative. RESULTS: No significant difference in eating pathology was found between the ultra-Orthodox and NationalReligious women...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Yael Latzer, Orna Tzischinsky, Zohar Spivak-Lavi, Irit Chen, Sarah Weinberger-Litman
BACKGROUND: Disordered eating pathology (DEP) and body dissatisfaction are well-documented risk factors for eating disorders and have become more prevalent among adolescent males. METHOD: The sample consisted of 256 Israeli boys, in grades 8-12. Participants completed questionnaires measuring, Sense of Coherence (SOC), Body Shape (BSQ), Eating attitudes (EAT-26), and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-2). RESULTS: Findings revealed low levels of DEP among adolescent boys...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Walter Sapuppo, Giovanni M Ruggiero, Gabriele Caselli, Sandra Sassaroli
BACKGROUND: Many studies have described perfectionism and low self-esteem as traits associated with eating disorders (ED). More recently, research has shown the role played by worry, rumination, control and metacognitive beliefs. This paper investigates the role played by cognitive and metacognitive variables in the psychopathological mechanism of eating disorders, assuming that not only perfectionism and low selfesteem but also metacognitive beliefs and processes can discriminate between controls and EDs...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Michal Hason Rozenstein, Daniel Stein, Yael Latzer
BACKGROUND: Emotional difficulties characterize eating disorders (ED). We examined the construct of alexithymia (disability to recognize and understand emotions) and neurocognitive factors of social cognition in patients diagnosed with B/P-EDs and their mothers. METHOD: 34 mother-daughter dyads, in which the daughter has B/P-ED and 31 control dyads conducted subjective self-evaluation of alexithymia and underwent objective neuro-cognitive evaluation of their ability to recognize and understand emotions...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Merav Peled, Adi Enoch-Levy, Eitan Gur, Daniel Stein
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between general ability of mentalization, the specific aspect of affective mentalizing of self and others, emotion regulation strategies, and eating disorder (ED) symptoms. METHOD: Twenty-five female adolescent and young adult inpatients with EDs, and 22 healthy subjects, were administered a semi-structured interview - the Reflective Function (RF) scale, self-rating scales assessing alexithymia, emotion regulation, depression and ED symptomatology, and a neurocognitive measure assessing Theory of Mind...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Kyra Sarner-Levin, Laura Canetti, Yael Latzer, Omer Bonne, Bernard Lerer, Eytan Bachar
BACKGROUND: This study examines the relationship between anorexia nervosa (AN), selflessness, and genderrole identity in young Israeli women and explores their parents' gender-role identity. METHOD: Forty-seven AN women and 50 non-clinical controls completed the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT26), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-2), Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI), and Selflessness Scale. Twenty-four parents from the AN group, and 41 mothers and 38 fathers from the control group also completed the BSRI...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Eytan Bachar
The purpose of the present study is to present the empirical basis for the capability of the theory of psychodynamic self-psychology to predict in crosssectional and prospective longitudinal studies, both the development of and the remission from eating disorders. In addition, we present the effectiveness of psychodynamic self-psychological treatment in a randomized control study over two other techniques. Theoretical constructs of the theory and technique suggestions will be weaved into the empirical data.
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Inbar Baumgarten-Katz, Lilac Lev-Ari, Ada H Zohar
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that women with an eating disorder are more insecurely attached than those without. Over-restrictive maternal feeding practices in childhood are associated with elevated BMI and more disordered eating in adult women. GOALS: The goal of the current study was to examine the extent to which the two insecure attachment styles contribute to women's body dissatisfaction indices and to examine their role in moderating the influence of restrictive maternal child feeding practices...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
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