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Grateful Patients

Xianbo Zhuang, Yanxiu Chen, Xianpeng Zhuang, Tao Xing, Tuanzhi Chen, Guisheng Jiang, Xiafeng Yang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is often associated with declined visual processing abilities. Here we tested whether the functions of center-surround suppression- a hallmark property in the visual system- are altered by AD. To this end, we recruited three groups of participants (AD, elderly, and young) in a motion direction discrimination task, in which we measured the temporal duration threshold of a  drifting Gabor with varying stimulus sizes. We first replicated the phenomena of center-surround suppression that the required duration for discriminating a high contrast grating decreases with increasing stimulus size...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Daniel López López, Paula Torreiro Pazo, Marta E Losa Iglesias, Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo
We sought to explore the relationship between the podiatric medical student and the patient as it relates to the act of gift-giving as a sign of gratefulness for the services provided. This article presents the clinical case of a man who visited a podiatric medical student because of pain in his feet and subsequently presented the student with several gifts. Philanthropy, empathy, a positive attitude, treatment instructions, and the time devoted to the patient are some of the reasons why patients offer gifts to podiatric medical students...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Carol A Kelly, Dave Lynes, Mary R O'Brien, Ben Shaw
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging evidence and guidelines, poor prescribing and administration of oxygen therapy persists. This study aimed to explore healthcare professionals' (HCPs) and patients' perceptions of oxygen. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews with 28 patients and 34 HCPs. FINDINGS: Three master themes uncovered: oxygen as a panacea, the burden of oxygen, and antecedents to beliefs. Patients used oxygen for breathlessness and as an enabler; they were grateful to oxygen and accepted it as part of the disease...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
L X Feng, J Y Yao, L Chen, Y Tang, F Hou
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the application of disparity discriminating accuracy test in evaluating the stereopsis of postoperative intermittent exotropia. METHODS: Patients with intermittent exotropia who underwent surgery during July 2011 to June 2013 were followed up. The stereoacuity was examined by Titmus Stereotest, Randot Stereotest and Frisby Stereotest. Twenty adult cases whose stereoacuity reached normal were chosen as experimental group. Twenty healthy adults were selected as normal control group...
August 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Haya Raz, Nili Tabak, Shulamith Kreitler
PURPOSE: This innovative pilot study was designed to provide research-based evidence on the variables to consider informing a child of his/her cancer diagnosis, so as to minimize the negative psychosocial effects of the cancer experience on survivors. The hypotheses of the study were that "good information" about cancer, will allow the child a better understanding way to cope with treatment and improve sociopsychological outcomes at adulthood. METHODS: Ninety-one adult childhood cancer (CC) survivors got the questionnaires while waiting to their routine checkup at a grate CC medical center in center Israel...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Erik Rifkin, Andy Lazris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Tommaso Bocci, Matteo Caleo, Laura Restani, Davide Barloscio, Simone Rossi, Ferdinando Sartucci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate functional changes underlying photosensitivity, we studied the response of the visual cortex to low-frequency, inhibitory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in drug-free patients with photosensitive seizures and healthy volunteers. METHODS: Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) triggered by grating stimuli of different contrasts were recorded in both hemispheres before and after transient functional inactivation of the occipital cortex of one side via low-frequency rTMS (0...
October 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Richard Griffith
Gifts are often given as tokens of gratitude by grateful patients to district nurses. However, there are circumstances where the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC), as the professional regulator, and the courts, have held that accepting gifts, large or small, from vulnerable adults is dishonest and amounts to professional misconduct and even theft. Richard Griffith discusses the circumstances where a district nurse who accepts a gift can face a fitness-to-practise investigation and an allegation of theft.
July 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
Margaret Coleman Maxi
Reports of rising costs, aging populations, budget cuts, and physician burnout can be distressing for medical professionals. Politicians tout polarizing viewpoints about how to address healthcare inequalities and improve outcomes. Litigation and insurance companies seem to have an increasing-and for some-unwelcome presence in patient care. However, it is also exciting that our society today so highly values healthcare that it is a topic of heated debate. When many news outlets focus on trivial pop culture news, it is refreshing that our peers and politicians spend their time seeking to improve a system that so deeply affects our lives...
May 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
Małgorzata Wierzbicka, Krzysztof Piwowarczyk, Hanna Nogala, Marzena Błaszczyńska, Michał Kosiedrowski, Cezary Mazurek
BACKGROUND: In February 2016 the European Salivary Gland Society (ESGS) presented and recommended classification of parotidectomies based on the anatomical I-V level division of parotid gland. The main goal of this paper is to present the new classification, and to answer the question if it is more precise compared to classic one. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 607 patients (315 man, 292 women) operated on for parotid tumours in a tertiary referral centre, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of Poznań (502 benign and 105 malignant tumours)...
June 30, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
Tineke Grent-'t-Jong, Davide Rivolta, Andreas Sauer, Michael Grube, Wolf Singer, Michael Wibral, Peter J Uhlhaas
BACKGROUND: Gamma-band oscillations are prominently impaired in schizophrenia, but the nature of the deficit and relationship to perceptual processes is unclear. METHODS: 16 patients with chronic schizophrenia (ScZ) and 16 age-matched healthy controls completed a visual paradigm while magnetoencephalographic (MEG) data was recorded. Participants had to detect randomly occurring stimulus acceleration while viewing a concentric moving grating. MEG data were analyzed for spectral power (1-100Hz) at sensor- and source-level to examine the brain regions involved in aberrant rhythmic activity, and for contribution of differences in baseline activity towards the generation of low- and high-frequency power...
October 2016: Schizophrenia Research
(no author information available yet)
On behalf of the Scientific Program Committee, I extend a warm welcome to the IMIA-NI members, students, practitioners, informatics researchers, industry partners, and others interested in health and nursing informatics who have come to attend the NI 2016, 13th International Congress on Nursing Informatics. NI 2016 is a biennial conference of the IMIA-NI and the leading scientific meeting for health and nursing informatics research and practice. NI 2016 presents work not only from the discipline of nursing but also from many other disciplines and specialties including both basic and applied informatics...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Ajay Malhotra, Xiao Wu, Howard P Forman, John H Burton
We are grateful for the opportunity to expand the discussion and respond to the comments expressed. The purpose for the economic modelling in our study was not to calculate absolute costs and utilities, but to highlight the key factors involved in the decision-making process in managing patients with thunderclap headache, including the prevalence of SAH, sensitivity of noncontrast CT (which may vary depending on time of scan since onset) and the incidence of SAH caused by aneurysms. Management strategies may have to be tailored accordingly, and the knowledge of how these factors influence the conclusions can help the treating physicians with decision-making and discussions with the patients...
June 17, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Artur V Cideciyan, Alejandro J Roman, Samuel G Jacobson, Boyuan Yan, Michele Pascolini, Jason Charng, Simone Pajaro, Sheila Nirenberg
PURPOSE: To present stimuli with varied sizes, colors, and patterns over a large range of luminance. METHODS: The filter bar used in scotopic MP1 was replaced with a custom slide-in tray that introduces light from an external projector driven by an additional computer. MP1 software was modified to provide retinal tracking information to the computer driving the projector. Retinal tracking performance was evaluated by imaging the system input and the output simultaneously with a high-speed video system...
June 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Jordi Gatell-Tortajada
PURPOSE: To assess the benefits and tolerability of a dietary supplement based on omega-3 fatty acids to relieve dry eye symptoms. METHODS: A total of 1,419 patients (74.3% women, mean age 58.9 years) with dry eye syndrome using artificial tears participated in a 12-week prospective study. Patients were instructed to take 3 capsules/day of the nutraceutical formulation (Brudysec(®) 1.5 g). Study variables were dry eye symptoms (scratchy and stinging sensation, eye redness, grittiness, painful and tired eyes, grating sensation, and blurry vision), conjunctival hyperemia, tear breakup time (TBUT), Schrimer I test, and Oxford grading scheme...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Elham Barzegaran, Bart van Damme, Reto Meuli, Maria G Knyazeva
To characterize the effects of Alzheimer's disease (AD) on cortical functional connectivity in perception, we analyzed interhemispheric lagged synchronization (ILS) in the source space of high-density EEG recorded in aged controls and patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) or AD while they viewed collinear and noncollinear bilateral moving gratings. Beta-band ILS was lower in aMCI and AD compared with controls in a large region centered on BA39. As previously reported, in young adults, collinear iso-oriented gratings versus noncollinear gratings synchronizes EEG reflecting perceptual grouping...
July 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
Takao Yamasaki, Shizuka Horie, Yasumasa Ohyagi, Eri Tanaka, Norimichi Nakamura, Yoshinobu Goto, Shigenobu Kanba, Jun-Ichi Kira, Shozo Tobimatsu
Visual dysfunctions are common in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Our aim was to establish a neurophysiological biomarker for amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) were recorded in aMCI patients who later developed AD (n = 15) and in healthy older (n = 15) and younger controls (n = 15). Visual stimuli were optimized to separately activate lower and higher levels of the ventral and dorsal streams. We compared VEP parameters across the three groups of participants and conducted a linear correlation analysis between VEPs and data from neuropsychological tests...
May 23, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Ryohei Uchida, Yukiyoshi Toritsuka, Tatsuo Mae, Masashi Kusano, Kenji Ohzono
AIM: To quantify healing of tibial bone tunnels after bone grafting in two-stage ACL reconstruction revision. METHODS: Ten consecutive patients underwent autogenous bone grafting prior to ACL reconstruction revision (four females and six males, average age 28years). The indications for two-stage surgery were as follows: (1) the enlargement of the tibial tunnel aperture was >20mm in diameter or, (2) the existing tunnel was overlapped with the optimal tunnel and positioned more than a half tunnel diameter posterior to the optimal position...
October 2016: Knee
Lu Zhang, Xiao-Ming Sun, Rong Jin, Yao-Ming Shi, Bao-Shan Sun, Ying Zhang, Yu-Guang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Although there have been several reports that detail the in situ rib splitting harvesting surgical procedure, there are limited published studies evaluating this procedure and the traditional whole rib harvesting approach. In this study, the authors conducted a retrospective controlled study on the complications related to the 2 rib harvesting approaches. METHODS: From March 2012 to May 2014, 24 patients were treated with rib grating, of whom 9 patients received conventional rib harvesting surgery and 15 patients received in situ splitting harvesting surgery...
June 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Hendrik Strumpf, Toemme Noesselt, Mircea Ariel Schoenfeld, Jürgen Voges, Patricia Panther, Joern Kaufmann, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Jens-Max Hopf
The parapontine nucleus of the thalamus (PPN) is a neuromodulatory midbrain structure with widespread connectivity to cortical and subcortical motor structures, as well as the spinal cord. The PPN also projects to the thalamus, including visual relay nuclei like the LGN and the pulvinar. Moreover, there is intense connectivity with sensory structures of the tegmentum in particular with the superior colliculus (SC). Given the existence and abundance of projections to visual sensory structures, it is likely that activity in the PPN has some modulatory influence on visual sensory selection...
2016: PloS One
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