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Won Seon Koh, Jeong Eun Kim, Young Suck Ro, Joo Yeon Ko
BACKGROUND: Despite various treatments attempts, no prospective studies have compared the different therapeutic modalities for treatment of idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis (IGH). This study aimed to compare the efficacy of CO2 fractional laser (CO₂FL), Er:YAG fractional laser (EYFL), and 0.025% topical tretinoin for treating IGH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 122 lesions were analyzed from 18 patients (mean age, 70.00 ± 20.00 years). Treatment outcome evaluations included the visual analog scale (VAS) to assess lesion severity, investigator's global assessment (IGA) to assess the extent of improvement, and patient's satisfaction score (PSS)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Toru Takagi, Akira Aoki, Shizuko Ichinose, Yoichi Taniguchi, Noriko Tachikawa, Takeshi Shinoki, Walter Meinzer, Anton Sculean, Yuichi Izumi
BACKGROUND: Recently, the occurrence of peri-implantitis has been increasing. However, a suitable method to debride the contaminated surface of titanium implants has not been established. The aim of this study was to investigate the morphological changes of the microstructured fixture surface after erbium laser irradiation, and to clarify the effects of the erbium lasers when used to remove calcified deposits from implant fixture surfaces. METHODS: In experiment 1, sandblasted, large grit, acid etched surface implants were treated with Er:YAG laser or Er,Cr:YSGG laser at 30-60 mJ/pulse and 20 Hz with water spray...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Hannes Petersen, Alexandra Gliese, Yannick Stober, Stephanie Maier, Nils-Owe Hansen, Sebastian Kruber, Dennis Eggert, Miklós Tóth, Tobias Gosau, Hartmut Schlüter, Klaus Püschel, Udo Schumacher, Robert John Dwayne Miller, Adrian Münscher, Carsten Dalchow
OBJECTIVE: Using a contact-free laser technique for stapedotomy reduces the risk of mechanical damage of the stapes footplate. However, the risk of inner ear dysfunction due to thermal, acoustic, or direct damage has still not been solved. The objective of this study was to describe the first experiences in footplate perforation in cadaver tissue performed by the novel Picosecond-Infrared-Laser (PIRL), allowing a tissue preserving ablation. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTION: Three human cadaver stapes were perforated using a fiber-coupled PIRL...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Jürgen Kampmeier, Jens Ulrich Werner, Peter Wagner, Gerhard K Lang, Detlef Russ
BACKGROUND: In microbial keratitis, thermal cautery leads to thermal necrosis associated with germ reduction. Subablative heating of the cornea using an Er : YAG laser or diode laser is an alternative option. Thermal effects and reproducibility of both procedures were investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thermal effects were monitored with an infrared imaging system. Temperature of stromal tissue of enucleated porcine eyes was measured. Effects of thermal injury were rated by microscopic photography and histopathologic examination...
March 7, 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Abbas Monzavi, Reza Fekrazad, Zahra Chinipardaz, Sima Shahabi, Roohollah Behruzi, Nasim Chiniforush
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate and compare temperature change during implant decontamination with different laser types (carbon dioxide [Co2]/diode/neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet [Nd:YAG]/erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet [Er:YAG]/antimicrobial photodynamic therapy [aPDT]). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty implants were inserted into a bone block cut from a sheep's mandible. A 3 × 8 mm vertical lesion was made at the buccal of each implant. The bone block was placed into a 37°C water bath to simulate the in vivo oral condition...
February 27, 2018: Implant Dentistry
A R Mothes, M Runnebaum, I B Runnebaum
PURPOSE: First evaluation of dual-phase vaginal Er:YAG laser to omit hormonal treatment for atrophy-related symptoms in post-menopausal breast cancer survivors following prolapse surgery. METHODS: Patients with a history of breast cancer at the time of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse were offered non-hormonal vaginal Er:YAG laser treatment when complaining of atrophy-related genitourinary syndrome of menopause. A single 10-min course of dual-phase protocol of pulsed Er:YAG laser (2940 nm, fractional ablative and thermal mode, fluence according to tissue thickness)...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Y Jiao, J D Wang, J P Deng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of 3 surface different treatments on the crystal structure, shear bond strength,roughness value and flexural strength of zirconia. METHODS: The zirconia specimens were prepared and randomly divided into 4 groups and received the following treatments: (1) blank control group,the specimens without treatments; (2)sandblasting with alumina group, sandblasting the specimens with 110 μm alumina particles for 21 s as working pressure 0...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Howyda M Ebrahim, Khaled Gharib
BACKGROUND: The accentuated nasolabial folds (NLFs) is the most pronounced sign of aging. Non-ablative erbium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser (ER:YAG), Smooth mode was used for the treatment of mucosal tissue. It was reported that it is effective in facial rejuvenation. AIM: To assess the safety and the effectiveness of intraoral ER:YAG Smooth mode laser in the treatment of NLFs wrinkle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients with different grades of NLFs wrinkle treated with 2940 nm Er:YAG laser intraorally...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
V Fromzel, N Ter-Gabrielyan, M Dubinskii
We demonstrated continuous wave operation of an in-band pumped Er:YAG planar waveguide laser with the output of 75 W at 1645 nm and a slope efficiency of 64% with respect to the absorbed pump power at 1532 nm.
February 19, 2018: Optics Express
I O Kalyoncu, F Eren-Giray, N Huroglu, E Egil, I Tanboga
Background and aim: This study aimed to examine the microleakage of class V cavities of primary molars prepared by either a conventional dental bur or Er:YAG laser and one of two different adhesive systems. Methods: A total of 50 tooth samples from primary molars were used in this study. They were randomly assigned into five experimental groups of 10 samples each, according to the cavity preparation technique and the type of adhesive system applied to the cavities...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
K Ozlem, G M Esad, A Ayse, U Aslihan
Aim: The aim of this clinical study was to determine and compare the efficiency of the glutaraldehyde-containing agent (GCA), Nd:YAG, Er,Cr:YSGG lasers, and the combination of them on the dentin hypersensitivity (DH) treatment. Subjects and Methods: This study was performed with the participation of 17 healthy adult patients having 100 teeth with DH; the patients were randomly divided into five groups according to the treatment protocol: (1) application of GCA on sensitive teeth, (2) Nd:YAG laser (1 W/cm2 , 10 Hz) irradiation on sensitive teeth, (3) application of GCA on sensitive teeth and then Nd:YAG laser irradiation, (4) Er,Cr:YSGG laser (0...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
H S Sancakli, S H Siso, S O Yildiz, Y B Gökçe
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial surface pretreatment methods against Streptococcus mutans within the infected dentin surface using a tooth cavity model. Material and Methods: Seventy-two cavities were prepared on caries-free third molars (n = 8). After sterilization, teeth were inoculated with S. mutans for 48 h. One cavity of each tooth was used to evaluate the infection. Following inoculation, infected cavity surfaces were treated either with (1) Er:YAG Laser (1W; 5x5s, Smart 2940D Plus, Deka Laser), (2) Ozone (80s; HealOzone, Kavo), (3) ErYAG-Ozone combination, (4) Er:YAG-Ozone-CHX combination, (5) Chlorhexidine (CHX), (6) Clearfil Protect Bond (PB), (7) potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) Laser (1W; 60 s, SMARTLITE D, Deka Laser), (8) KTP-Ozone combination, and (9) KTP-Ozone-CHX...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Evriklia Kourti, Ourania Pantelidou
Aim: This ex vivo study compared the efficiency of different irrigations systems to remove calcium hydroxide from root canal walls, especially from the apical third by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Materials and Methods: Eighty-four single-rooted teeth were divided into 4 groups of 20 teeth each, according to different irrigation protocols using a 30-gauge slot-tipped needle, ultrasonic irrigation system, erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser (Er: YAG) laser, and EndoVac system...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
K Karmisholt, A Haerskjold, T Karlsmark, J Waibel, U Paasch, M Haedersdal
The ability of laser treatment to affect wound healing and subsequently minimize scar formation has been investigated in recent years. However, no systematic review links these clinical trials. The aim of this study is to systematically review and evaluate clinical evidence for early laser intervention to reduce scar formation in studies where laser treatment were introduced less than 3 months after wounding. We searched PubMed using relevant key words in June 2017. Titles, abstracts and articles were sorted according to inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
María de Los Angeles Moyaho-Bernal, Rosalía Contreras-Bulnes, Laura Emma Rodríguez-Vilchis, Efraín Rubio-Rosas, Rogelio José Scougall-Vilchis, Claudia Centeno-Pedraza
The morphological and chemical changes in deciduous dentin produced by different conditioning protocols were evaluated in this in vitro study. Eighty primary dentin samples were divided into eight groups (n = 10): G1, acid etching; G2, self-etching adhesive; G3, G4, Er: YAG laser irradiation at 25.5 and 38.2 J cm-2 , respectively; 10 Hz and spray irrigation. Groups 5, 6, 7, and 8 were irradiated at previous densities, and then phosphoric acid or self-etching adhesive conditioning was applied. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were used to evaluate chemical and morphological changes...
February 7, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
S Bigotta, L Galecki, A Katz, J Böhmler, S Lemonnier, E Barraud, A Leriche, M Eichhorn
We report for the first time laser action in resonantly-pumped transparent polycrystalline Er3+:YAG ceramic developed through a 2-step approach combining spark plasma sintering and HIP post treatment. Microstructural and spectroscopic properties, as well as the laser performance of large scale 0.5at.% Er:YAG transparent polycrystalline ceramic are discussed. A maximum slope efficiency of ∼31% and optical-optical efficiency of 20% was measured.
February 5, 2018: Optics Express
Shenyu Dai, Guoying Feng, Hong Zhang, Shougui Ning, Yao Xiao, Shouhuan Zhou
In this Letter, we report for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, a micron-sized mid-infrared Fe2+:ZnSe laser based on a single microcrystal. Typical laser emissions centering at 4.24 μm are observed from a selected Fe2+-doped ZnSe microcrystal under 2.94 μm excitation of Er:YAG laser at room temperature. The laser linewidth is ∼10  nm, the pulse width is ∼50  ns, and the lasing threshold is ∼7.4  mJ/pulse. The lasing wavelength is stable as the pump energy increases and is consistent with the strong absorption position of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere...
February 1, 2018: Optics Letters
M P Frolov, Yu V Korostelin, V I Kozlovsky, Yu P Podmar'kov, Ya K Skasyrsky
The characteristics of an Fe:ZnSe laser thermoelectrically cooled to 220 K are described. Output energy of 7.5 J and optical-to-optical efficiency of 30% have been demonstrated in single-shot operation at 4.3 μm with a 2.94 μm Er:YAG pump laser. By using an intracavity prism, continuous tuning from 3.75 to 4.82 μm has been obtained at output energy up to 3.1 J.
February 1, 2018: Optics Letters
Nazanin Kiomarsi, Yasaman Arjmand, Mohammad Javad Kharrazi Fard, Nasim Chiniforush
Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of surface treatment with erbium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) and erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) lasers on shear bond strength of composite resin to recently bleached dentin. Methods: In this study, 40 extracted human premolars were selected. The teeth were cut 4 mm apical to the cusp tip and were randomly divided into four groups (n=10 in each group) for shear bond strength testing. For bleaching, 35% hydrogen peroxide (H2 o2 ) gel (Opalescence Endo, Ultradent, South Jordan, UT, USA) was applied to dentin surfaces of all specimens for 10 days...
2018: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Didem Nalbantgil, Murat Tozlu, Mehmet Oguz Oztoprak
OBJECTIVE: This study was done to compare the intrapulpal temperature change generated by different energy levels of Er:YAG laser used during debonding of ceramic brackets and find the most suitable level for clinical use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty polycrystalline alumina brackets were bonded on bovine incisor teeth, which were randomly divided into 4 groups of 20. One group was assigned as control. In the study groups, after laser exposure with 2, 4, or 6 Watt energy levels, brackets were debonded using an Instron Universal Testing machine...
February 2, 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
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