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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348428/respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-rates-with-limited-use-of-palivizumab-for-infants-born-at-29-to-31-6-7-weeks-gestational-age
#1
Brandi Newby, Todd Sorokan
BACKGROUND: Immunoprophylaxis with palivizumab can reduce respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections and hospitalizations. Criteria in British Columbia limit the use of palivizumab to infants born at 29 to 31+6/7 weeks gestational age, which differ from guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS). OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the limited use of palivizumab affected the frequency of hospital visits by RSV-positive infants (termed "RSV-positive hospital visits") who received approval for palivizumab and those who met the AAP/CPS criteria but did not receive approval for palivizumab...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263140/reply-by-authors-re-canadian-pediatrics-society-position-statement-on-newborn-circumcision-a-risk-benefit-analysis-revisited
#2
Brian J Morris, Jeffrey D Klausner, John N Krieger, Bradley J Willcox, Pierre D Crouse, Neil Pollock
EDITORIAL.
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263139/letter-to-the-editor-re-canadian-pediatrics-society-position-statement-on-newborn-circumcision-a-risk-benefit-analysis-revisited
#3
Joan L Robinson, Ann Jefferies, Thierry Lacaze
EDITORIAL.
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105526/first-versus-second-year-respiratory-syncytial-virus-prophylaxis-in-chronic-lung-disease-2005-2015
#4
Daniel Y Wang, Abby Li, Bosco Paes, Ian Mitchell, Krista L Lanctôt
Children aged <2 years with chronic lung disease (CLD) have a 10-fold higher risk for respiratory syncytial virus-positive hospitalization (RSVH) compared to healthy term infants. Based on the updated position statements, we compared respiratory-related illness hospitalization (RIH) and RSVH risks in CLD children who received palivizumab during the first year (FY) versus second year (SY) of life in the Canadian Registry of Palivizumab (CARESS). Demographic data were collected at enrolment and RIH events recorded monthly from 2005 to 2015...
March 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043739/canadian-cardiovascular-society-canadian-pediatric-cardiology-association-position-statement-on-pulse-oximetry-screening-in-newborns-to-enhance-detection-of-critical-congenital-heart-disease
#5
Kenny K Wong, Anne Fournier, Deborah S Fruitman, Lisa Graves, Derek G Human, Michael Narvey, Jennifer L Russell
Congenital heart disease is the most common congenital malformation and approximately 3 in 1000 newborns have critical congenital heart disease (CCHD). Timely diagnosis affects morbidity, mortality, and disability, and newborn pulse oximetry screening has been studied to enhance detection of CCHD. In this position statement we present an evaluation of the literature for pulse oximetry screening. Current detection strategies including prenatal ultrasound examination and newborn physical examination are limited by low diagnostic sensitivity...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855965/prescribing-practices-for-systemic-agents-in-the-treatment-of-severe-pediatric-atopic-dermatitis-in-the-us-and-canada-the-pedra-treat-survey
#6
Christine R Totri, Lawrence F Eichenfield, Kirsty Logan, Laura Proudfoot, Jochen Schmitt, Irene Lara-Corrales, Jeffrey Sugarman, Wynnis Tom, Elaine Siegfried, Kelly Cordoro, Amy S Paller, Carsten Flohr
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of literature to direct physicians in the prescribing of immunomodulators for patients with severe atopic dermatitis (AD). OBJECTIVE: To survey systemic agent prescribing practices for severe childhood AD among clinicians in the United States and Canada. METHODS: The TREatment of severe Atopic dermatitis in children Taskforce (TREAT), US&CANADA, a project of the Pediatric Dermatology Research Alliance (PeDRA), developed an online multiple-response survey to assess clinical practice, gather demographic information and details of systemic agent selection, and identify barriers to their use in patients with recalcitrant pediatric AD...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731858/does-academic-blogging-enhance-promotion-and-tenure-a-survey-of-us-and-canadian-medicine-and-pediatric-department-chairs
#7
Christian Blake Cameron, Vinay Nair, Manu Varma, Martha Adams, Kenar D Jhaveri, Matthew A Sparks
BACKGROUND: Electronic educational (e-learning) technology usage continues to grow. Many medical journals operate companion blogs (an application of e-learning technology) that enable rapid dissemination of scientific knowledge and discourse. Faculty members participating in promotion and tenure academic tracks spend valuable time and effort contributing, editing, and directing these medical journal blogs. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand whether chairs of medicine and pediatric departments acknowledge blog authorship as academic achievement...
June 23, 2016: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705739/canadian-pediatrics-society-position-statement-on-newborn-circumcision-a-risk-benefit-analysis-revisited
#8
Brian J Morris, Jeffrey D Klausner, John N Krieger, Bradley J Willcox, Pierre D Crouse, Neil Pollock
INTRODUCTION: The Canadian Pediatrics Society (CPS) recently released a position statement on early infant (newborn) male circumcision (EIMC). It concluded that since benefits do not exceed risks, circumcision should only be performed on boys in high-risk populations or circumstances. This contradicts recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) whose policies each support more widespread implementation of EIMC. Here we review the CPS statement, particularly its risk-benefit analysis, to determine the basis for this disparity...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683506/opinion-paper-deriving-harmonised-reference-intervals-global-activities
#9
Jillian R Tate, Gus Koerbin, Khosrow Adeli
Harmonisation of reference intervals (RIs) refers to use of the same or common RI across different platforms and /or assays for a specified analyte. It occurs optimally for those analytes where there is sound calibration and traceability in place and evidence from a between-method comparison shows that bias would not prevent the use of a common RI. The selection of the RI will depend on various sources of information including local formal RI studies, published studies from the literature, laboratory surveys, manufacturer's product information, relevant guidelines, and mining of databases...
February 2016: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621353/executive-summary-official-american-thoracic-society-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-clinical-practice-guidelines-treatment-of-drug-susceptible-tuberculosis
#10
Payam Nahid, Susan E Dorman, Narges Alipanah, Pennan M Barry, Jan L Brozek, Adithya Cattamanchi, Lelia H Chaisson, Richard E Chaisson, Charles L Daley, Malgosia Grzemska, Julie M Higashi, Christine S Ho, Philip C Hopewell, Salmaan A Keshavjee, Christian Lienhardt, Richard Menzies, Cynthia Merrifield, Masahiro Narita, Rick O'Brien, Charles A Peloquin, Ann Raftery, Jussi Saukkonen, H Simon Schaaf, Giovanni Sotgiu, Jeffrey R Starke, Giovanni Battista Migliori, Andrew Vernon
The American Thoracic Society, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Infectious Diseases Society of America jointly sponsored the development of this guideline for the treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis, which is also endorsed by the European Respiratory Society and the US National Tuberculosis Controllers Association. Representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Canadian Thoracic Society, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, and the World Health Organization also participated in the development of the guideline...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516382/official-american-thoracic-society-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-clinical-practice-guidelines-treatment-of-drug-susceptible-tuberculosis
#11
Payam Nahid, Susan E Dorman, Narges Alipanah, Pennan M Barry, Jan L Brozek, Adithya Cattamanchi, Lelia H Chaisson, Richard E Chaisson, Charles L Daley, Malgosia Grzemska, Julie M Higashi, Christine S Ho, Philip C Hopewell, Salmaan A Keshavjee, Christian Lienhardt, Richard Menzies, Cynthia Merrifield, Masahiro Narita, Rick O'Brien, Charles A Peloquin, Ann Raftery, Jussi Saukkonen, H Simon Schaaf, Giovanni Sotgiu, Jeffrey R Starke, Giovanni Battista Migliori, Andrew Vernon
The American Thoracic Society, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Infectious Diseases Society of America jointly sponsored the development of this guideline for the treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis, which is also endorsed by the European Respiratory Society and the US National Tuberculosis Controllers Association. Representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Canadian Thoracic Society, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, and the World Health Organization also participated in the development of the guideline...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446854/a-canadian-study-toward-changing-local-practice-in-the-diagnosis-of-pediatric-celiac-disease
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Seema Rajani, Hien Q Huynh, Leanne Shirton, Cheryl Kluthe, Donald Spady, Connie Prosser, Jon Meddings, Gwen R Rempel, Rabindranath Persad, Justine M Turner
Background. The European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition endorses serological diagnosis (SD) for pediatric celiac disease (CD). The objective of this study was to pilot SD and to prospectively evaluate gastrointestinal permeability and mucosal inflammation at diagnosis and after one year on the gluten-free diet (GFD). We hypothesized that SD would be associated with similar short term outcomes as ED. Method. Children, 3-17 years of age, referred for possible CD were eligible for SD given aTTG level ≥200 U/mL, confirmed by repeat aTTG and HLA haplotypes...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347886/human-milk-for-preterm-infants-and-fortification
#13
Jatinder Bhatia
Breastfeeding is universally accepted as the preferred feeding for all newborn infants, including premature infants. The World Health Organization, American Academy of Pediatrics, Canadian Pediatric Society and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, among others, recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months in term infants, while complementary feeding is introduced over the next several months. However, for preterm infants, fortification is recommended to meet requirements...
2016: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271342/social-support-and-exclusive-breast-feeding-among-canadian-women
#14
Chris M Laugen, Nazrul Islam, Patricia A Janssen
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommendation for exclusive breast feeding for 6 months has been endorsed by Health Canada, the Canadian Pediatric Society, Dietitians of Canada, and the Breastfeeding Committee for Canada as of 2012. This study examines whether social support is associated with exclusive breast feeding up to 6 months among Canadian mothers. METHODS: We utilised data from the Canadian Community Health Survey and limited our sample to mothers who gave birth in the 5 years prior to the 2009-2010 survey (n = 2133)...
September 2016: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194404/circumcision-of-male-infants-and-children-as-a-public-health-measure-in-developed-countries-a-critical-assessment-of-recent-evidence
#15
Morten Frisch, Brian D Earp
In December of 2014, an anonymous working group under the United States' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a draft of the first-ever federal recommendations regarding male circumcision. In accordance with the American Academy of Pediatrics' circumcision policy from 2012 - but in contrast to the more recent 2015 policy from the Canadian Paediatric Society as well as prior policies (still in force) from medical associations in Europe and Australasia - the CDC suggested that the benefits of the surgery outweigh the risks...
May 19, 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976201/prognostic-value-of-medulloblastoma-extent-of-resection-after-accounting-for-molecular-subgroup-a-retrospective-integrated-clinical-and-molecular-analysis
#16
Eric M Thompson, Thomas Hielscher, Eric Bouffet, Marc Remke, Betty Luu, Sridharan Gururangan, Roger E McLendon, Darell D Bigner, Eric S Lipp, Sebastien Perreault, Yoon-Jae Cho, Gerald Grant, Seung-Ki Kim, Ji Yeoun Lee, Amulya A Nageswara Rao, Caterina Giannini, Kay Ka Wai Li, Ho-Keung Ng, Yu Yao, Toshihiro Kumabe, Teiji Tominaga, Wieslawa A Grajkowska, Marta Perek-Polnik, David C Y Low, Wan Tew Seow, Kenneth T E Chang, Jaume Mora, Ian F Pollack, Ronald L Hamilton, Sarah Leary, Andrew S Moore, Wendy J Ingram, Andrew R Hallahan, Anne Jouvet, Michelle Fèvre-Montange, Alexandre Vasiljevic, Cecile Faure-Conter, Tomoko Shofuda, Naoki Kagawa, Naoya Hashimoto, Nada Jabado, Alexander G Weil, Tenzin Gayden, Takafumi Wataya, Tarek Shalaby, Michael Grotzer, Karel Zitterbart, Jaroslav Sterba, Leos Kren, Tibor Hortobágyi, Almos Klekner, Bognár László, Tímea Pócza, Peter Hauser, Ulrich Schüller, Shin Jung, Woo-Youl Jang, Pim J French, Johan M Kros, Marie-Lise C van Veelen, Luca Massimi, Jeffrey R Leonard, Joshua B Rubin, Rajeev Vibhakar, Lola B Chambless, Michael K Cooper, Reid C Thompson, Claudia C Faria, Alice Carvalho, Sofia Nunes, José Pimentel, Xing Fan, Karin M Muraszko, Enrique López-Aguilar, David Lyden, Livia Garzia, David J H Shih, Noriyuki Kijima, Christian Schneider, Jennifer Adamski, Paul A Northcott, Marcel Kool, David T W Jones, Jennifer A Chan, Ana Nikolic, Maria Luisa Garre, Erwin G Van Meir, Satoru Osuka, Jeffrey J Olson, Arman Jahangiri, Brandyn A Castro, Nalin Gupta, William A Weiss, Iska Moxon-Emre, Donald J Mabbott, Alvaro Lassaletta, Cynthia E Hawkins, Uri Tabori, James Drake, Abhaya Kulkarni, Peter Dirks, James T Rutka, Andrey Korshunov, Stefan M Pfister, Roger J Packer, Vijay Ramaswamy, Michael D Taylor
BACKGROUND: Patients with incomplete surgical resection of medulloblastoma are controversially regarded as having a marker of high-risk disease, which leads to patients undergoing aggressive surgical resections, so-called second-look surgeries, and intensified chemoradiotherapy. All previous studies assessing the clinical importance of extent of resection have not accounted for molecular subgroup. We analysed the prognostic value of extent of resection in a subgroup-specific manner. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients who had a histological diagnosis of medulloblastoma and complete data about extent of resection and survival from centres participating in the Medulloblastoma Advanced Genomics International Consortium...
April 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26852177/severe-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia-decreased-after-the-2007-canadian-guidelines
#17
Michael Sgro, Sharmilaa Kandasamy, Vibhuti Shah, Marianna Ofner, Douglas Campbell
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in Canada from 2011-2013 following the implementation of the Canadian Pediatric Society's published guidelines on the management of hyperbilirubinemia in 2007. Our previously reported incidence of hyperbilirubinemia in Canada was 1 in 2480. STUDY DESIGN: Term infants ≤ 60 days of age, with a peak serum total bilirubin level > 425 μmol/L or who had an exchange transfusion were followed prospectively through the Canadian Pediatric Surveillance Program from 2011-2013...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26652547/dr-anthony-dobell-legendary-mcgill-trailblazer-may-7-1927-to-june-17-2015
#18
David S Mulder
Anthony R. C. Dobell died on June 17, 2015, at the age of 88. Dobell was the first Canadian president of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons. He was a pioneer in the development of pediatric and adult cardiac surgery at McGill University. He was inspired by Dr John Gibbon during his residency training at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia. He developed a McGill-based residency in Cardiothoracic Surgery and always took pride in the legacy of more than 40 residents scattered throughout North America.
December 2015: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26623175/successful-childhood-obesity-management-in-primary-care-in-canada-what-are-the-odds
#19
Stefan Kuhle, Rachel Doucette, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Sara F L Kirk
Background. The management of a child presenting with obesity in a primary care setting can be viewed as a multi-step behavioral process with many perceived and actual barriers for families and primary care providers. In order to achieve the goal of behavior change and, ultimately, clinically meaningful weight management outcomes in a child who is considered obese, all steps in this process should ideally be completed. We sought to review the evidence for completing each step, and to estimate the population effect of secondary prevention of childhood obesity in Canada...
2015: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559766/pediatric-emergence-delirium-canadian-pediatric-anesthesiologists-experience
#20
H David Rosen, Deborah Mervitz, Joseph P Cravero
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric emergence agitation/delirium (ED) is a cluster of behaviors seen in the early postanesthetic period with negative emotional consequences for families and increased utilization of healthcare resources. Many studies have looked at identifying risk factors for ED and at pharmacologic regimens to prevent ED. There are few published reports on treatment options and efficacy for established ED episodes, and essentially no data concerning current practice in the treatment of ED...
February 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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