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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433776/increasing-water-intake-in-pre-school-children-with-unhealthy-drinking-habits-a-year-long-controlled-longitudinal-field-experiment-assessing-the-impact-of-information-water-affordance-and-social-regulation
#1
Bradley Franks, Saadi Lahlou, Jeanne H Bottin, Isabelle Guelinckx, Sabine Boesen-Mariani
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of three interventions to increase the plain water consumption of children with unhealthy drinking habits, with an innovative approach combining the three layers of Installation Theory: embodied competences, affordances and social regulation. METHODS: 334 preschool children and their carers were allocated to three interventions: Control (control): no intervention, Information (info): online coaching sessions on water health benefits aiming at modifying embodied competences (knowledge), Information + Water Affordance (info + w): the same plus home delivery of small bottles of water...
April 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433671/montreal-accord-on-patient-reported-outcomes-use-series-paper-3-patient-reported-outcomes-pro-can-facilitate-shared-decision-making-and-guide-self-management
#2
V K Noonan, A Lyddiatt, P Ware, S B Jaglal, R J Riopelle, C O Bingham, S Figueiredo, R Sawatzky, M Santana, S J Bartlett, S Ahmed
BACKGROUND: There is a shift towards making health care patient-centred whereby patients are part of medical decision-making and take responsibility for managing their health. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) capture the patient voice and can be used to engage patients in medical decision-making. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to present important factors from patients', clinicians', researchers', and decision-makers' perspectives that influence successful adoption of PROs in clinical practice...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425352/overdose-in-young-children-treated-with-anti-reflux-medications-poisons-enquiry-evidence-of-excess-10-fold-dosing-errors-with-ranitidine
#3
C Crawford, M Anderson, G Cooper, G Jackson, J Thompson, A Vale, Shl Thomas, M Eddleston, D N Bateman
BACKGROUND: Accidental drug overdose is a common problem in young children. We examined the influence of formulation and dose in enquiries for different gastro-oesophageal reflux disease treatments in children under 5 years to the UK's National Poisons Information Service. METHODS: Overdose characteristics with ranitidine, omeprazole or domperidone were compared with those of metoclopramide and the H-1 antagonist chlorphenamine, for the period 1 July 2007 to 30 June 2015...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421012/moderated-online-social-therapy-a-model-for-reducing-stress-in-carers-of-young-people-diagnosed-with-mental-health-disorders
#4
John Gleeson, Reeva Lederman, Peter Koval, Greg Wadley, Sarah Bendall, Sue Cotton, Helen Herrman, Kingsley Crisp, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
Family members caring for a young person diagnosed with the onset of mental health problems face heightened stress, depression, and social isolation. Despite evidence for the effectiveness of family based interventions, sustaining access to specialist family interventions is a major challenge. The availability of the Internet provides possibilities to expand and sustain access to evidence-based psychoeducation and personal support for family members. In this paper we describe the therapeutic model and the components of our purpose-built moderated online social therapy (MOST) program for families...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415968/how-to-explore-the-needs-of-informal-caregivers-of-individuals-with-cognitive-impairment-in-alzheimer-s-disease-or-related-diseases-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#5
T Novais, V Dauphinot, P Krolak-Salmon, C Mouchoux
BACKGROUND: This study aims to review the methodologies used to identify the needs, the existing needs assessment instruments and the main topics of needs explored among caregivers of patients with mild cognitive impairment to dementia. METHODS: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, The Cochrane Library and Web of science were searched from January 1980 to January 2017. Research studies in English or French were eligible for inclusion if they fulfilled the following criteria: quantitative, qualitative and mixed method studies that used instrument, focus group or semi-structured interviews to assess the informal caregiver's needs in terms of information, coping skills, support and service...
April 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414562/a-review-of-cochrane-systematic-reviews-of-interventions-relevant-to-orthoptic-practice
#6
Fiona J Rowe, Sue Elliott, Iris Gordon, Anupa Shah
AIM: To present an overview of the range of systematic reviews on intervention trials pertinent to orthoptic practice, produced by the Cochrane Eyes and Vision group (CEV). METHODS: We searched the 2016 Cochrane Library database (31.03.2016) to identify completed reviews and protocols of direct relevance to orthoptic practice. These reviews are currently completed and published, available on www.thecochranelibrary.com (free to UK health employees) or via the CEV website (http://eyes...
April 17, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409557/randomised-controlled-trial-of-silk-therapeutic-garments-for-the-management-of-atopic-eczema-in-children-the-clothes-trial
#7
Kim S Thomas, Lucy E Bradshaw, Tracey H Sach, Fiona Cowdell, Jonathan M Batchelor, Sandra Lawton, Eleanor F Harrison, Rachel H Haines, Amina Ahmed, Taraneh Dean, Nigel P Burrows, Ian Pollock, Hannah K Buckley, Hywel C Williams, Joanne Llewellyn, Clare Crang, Jane D Grundy, Juliet Guiness, Andrew Gribbin, Eileen V Wake, Eleanor J Mitchell, Sara J Brown, Alan A Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Atopic eczema (AE) is a chronic, itchy, inflammatory skin condition that affects the quality of life of children and their families. The role of specialist clothing in the management of AE is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of silk garments for the management of AE in children with moderate to severe disease. DESIGN: Parallel-group, observer-blind, randomised controlled trial of 6 months' duration, followed by a 2-month observational period...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407725/experiences-of-hospital-readmission-and-receiving-formal-carer-services-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-study-to-identify-needs
#8
Sandra C Braaf, Alyse Lennox, Andrew Nunn, Belinda J Gabbe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore the needs of people living with spinal cord injury, receiving formal carer and hospital services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This exploratory qualitative study was undertaken with people living with spinal cord injury in metropolitan or regional Victoria. Participants were recruited through the Australian Quadriplegic Association. Twenty-two in-depth interviews were conducted between September and October 2015. Participants were purposely selected based on their age, gender, level of injury, and compensation status...
April 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401583/informal-care-choice-or-constraint
#9
Hareth Al-Janabi, Fiona Carmichael, Jan Oyebode
BACKGROUND: 'Choice' is increasingly pursued as a goal of social policy. However, the degree to which choice is exercised when entering an informal caring role is open to debate. AIM: In this study, we examined the degree of choice and constraint in entering a caring role, and the relationship between choice and carers' well-being. METHODS: Data were derived from 1100 responses to a postal survey conducted in a British city. Statistical tests of association and multivariable regression modelling were applied to study the factors associated with choice in entering a caring role and the association that choice in entering a caring role had with carers' well-being...
April 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397523/psychosocial-challenges-affecting-the-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-epilepsy-and-their-carers-in-africa-a-review-of-published-evidence-between-1994-and-2014
#10
Mpoe J Keikelame, Tamzyn Suliaman, Marleen Hendriksz, Leslie Swartz
BACKGROUND: Little attention has been paid to the psychosocial challenges of adult patients with epilepsy and their carers in Africa in published studies conducted between 1994 and 2014 - yet these psychosocial challenges have been reported to have a major impact on the quality of life (QOL) of people living with the illness and those who care for them. AIM: This review aimed to examine the literature on published studies conducted in Africa between 1994 and 2014 that examined psychosocial challenges of adult people with epilepsy and their carers...
March 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396745/multidisciplinary-staff-attitudes-to-home-haemodialysis-therapy
#11
Anuradha Jayanti, Philip Foden, Sandip Mitra
Background: More than a decade after the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence recommendation of home haemodialysis (home HD) for 10-15% of those needing renal replacement therapy, the uptake across different regions in the UK remains uneven. Methods: This survey is part of the Barriers to Successful Implementation of Care in Home Haemodialysis (BASIC-HHD) study, an observational study of patient and organizational factor barriers and enablers of home HD uptake, in the UK. The study centres had variable prevalence of home HD by design [low: <3% (2), medium: 5-8% (2) and high: >8% (1)]...
April 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391771/the-lived-experience-of-behaviours-of-concern-a-qualitative-study-of-men-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Kate Rachel Gould, Amelia J Hicks, Malcolm Hopwood, Justin Kenardy, Iveta Krivonos, Narelle Warren, Jennie L Ponsford
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Behaviours of Concern (BoC) are a debilitating consequence of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). Whilst perspectives of clinicians, carers and family members on BoC have been previously explored, few qualitative studies have included individuals with TBI. The aim of this study was to explore the lived experience of BoC in individuals with TBI, their close others and clinicians. METHOD: Eleven males with TBI and BoC were recruited and 25 semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted (9 individuals with TBI, 9 close others, 7 clinicians)...
April 10, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390407/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-views-of-patients-carers-and-mental-health-professionals-to-inform-cultural-adaptation-of-cbt-for-psychosis-cbtp-in-china
#13
Weihui Li, Li Zhang, Xuerong Luo, Bangshan Liu, Zhipeng Liu, Fang Lin, Zhiling Liu, Yuhuan Xie, Melissa Hudson, Shanaya Rathod, David Kingdon, Nusrat Husain, Xudong Liu, Muhammad Ayub, Farooq Naeem
BACKGROUND: The evidence for effectiveness of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is robust and the national organizations in the United Kingdom and the United States recommend its use. It is not utilized to its full potential in low and middle-income countries. Adaptation of CBT treatment to the target culture may facilitate its uptake. This study explored views of patients with schizophrenia, their caregivers, and mental health professionals for the purpose of cultural adaptation of CBT...
April 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388945/a-qualitative-study-protocol-of-ageing-carers-caregiving-experiences-and-their-planning-for-continuation-of-care-for-their-immediate-family-members-with-intellectual-disability
#14
Lisa Pau Le Low, Wai Tong Chien, Lai Wah Lam, Kayla Ka Yin Wong
BACKGROUND: Understanding the difficulties and needs of the family carers in taking care of a person with ID can facilitate the development of appropriate intervention programmes and services to strengthen their caring capacity and empower them to continue with their caring roles. This study aims to explore ageing family carers' caregiving experiences and the plans they have to provide care for themselves and their ageing children with mild or moderate intellectual disability (ID). METHOD: A constructivist grounded theory will be used to interview around 60 carers who have a family member with mild or moderate ID and attending sheltered workshops in Hong Kong...
April 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382725/living-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-the-stories-of-frequent-attenders-to-the-emergency-department
#15
Karin Robinson, Elizabeth Lucas, Paul van den Dolder, Elizabeth Halcomb
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of COPD amongst individuals who have a high frequency of presentations to the Emergency Department (ED) and their carers. BACKGROUND: Patients' with COPD are amongst the most frequent attenders in the Emergency Department despite the chronic nature of their condition. Good self-management has previously been identified as a key to maintaining health and reducing COPD exacerbations. There has been limited investigation of those with COPD who frequently attend the ED...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378452/challenges-in-building-interpersonal-care-in-organised-hospital-stroke-units-the-perspectives-of-stroke-survivors-family-caregivers-and-the-multidisciplinary-team
#16
Tony Ryan, Madeleine Harrison, Clare Gardiner, Amanda Jones
AIMS: To explore the organised stroke unit experience from the multiple perspectives of stroke survivor, family carer and the multi-disciplinary team. BACKGROUND: Organised stroke unit care reduces morbidity, mortality and institutionalisation and is promoted globally as the most effective form of acute and post-acute provision. Little research has focused upon how care is experienced in this setting from the perspectives of those who receive and provide care. DESIGN: The study used a qualitative approach, employing Framework Analysis...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376771/ehealth-in-the-future-of-medications-management-personalisation-monitoring-and-adherence
#17
EDITORIAL
Josip Car, Woan Shin Tan, Zhilian Huang, Peter Sloot, Bryony Dean Franklin
BACKGROUND: Globally, healthcare systems face major challenges with medicines management and medication adherence. Medication adherence determines medication effectiveness and can be the single most effective intervention for improving health outcomes. In anticipation of growth in eHealth interventions worldwide, we explore the role of eHealth in the patients' medicines management journey in primary care, focusing on personalisation and intelligent monitoring for greater adherence. DISCUSSION: eHealth offers opportunities to transform every step of the patient's medicines management journey...
April 5, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372459/a-clinical-update-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-burn-injury-survivors
#18
Loyola McLean, Runsen Chen, Julia Kwiet, Jeffrey Streimer, John Vandervord, Rachel Kornhaber
OBJECTIVES: Burn injuries are complex traumatic events carrying high risks of acute physical and psychosocial morbidity. With greater survival, clinical and research attention has turned to psychosocial recovery outcomes and risk factors. It is timely to summarise current issues in post-traumatic disorders after burn injury for mental health and integrative care clinicians. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common outcome of severe burn injury. There are difficulties in delivering current best practice treatments to many survivors especially those in rural and remote areas and those with comorbidities...
March 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370704/dyadic-incongruence-in-chronic-heart-failure-implications-for-patient-and-carer-psychological-health-and-self-care
#19
Jan Cameron, David R Thompson, Dion Szer, Joannah Greig, Chantal F Ski
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To examine whether chronic heart failure (CHF) patient-carer dyads who disagree about the division of illness management tasks (incongruent) experience poorer psychosocial health and self-care, than those who agree (congruent). BACKGROUND: Informal carers often assist patients with (CHF) in the complex management of their illness but little is known about how relationship dynamics may affect psychosocial health. DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional study was adopted with a purposeful sample of 25 CHF patient-carer dyads residing in Australia...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370586/children-young-people-taking-long-term-medication-a-survey-of-community-pharmacists-experiences-in-england
#20
Jeff Aston, Keith A Wilson, David R P Terry
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether community pharmacists undertake medication reviews with children/their carers and to identify the type of medication-related experiences presented to them when a child is taking long-term medication. METHODS: A 13 question semi-structured survey was posted to 354 England-based community pharmacists with telephone follow-up/repeat mailing of non-responders. Participants were asked about their practice as a community pharmacist over the preceding 12 months to children/young people, or their carers, taking long-term medication...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
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