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Gabby J Drake, Tim Nuttall, Javier López, William Magnone, Antoine Leclerc, Romain Potier, Alexis Lécu, Maëlle Guézénec, Lydia Kolter, Amélie Nicolau, Karin Lemberger, Didier Pin, Sallie B Cosgrove
Andean bear (Tremarctos ornatus) alopecia syndrome (ABAS) commonly affects captive bears, particularly sexually mature females. ABAS is characterized by bilaterally symmetrical predominantly flank alopecia with or without profound pruritus and secondary bacterial and Malassezia infections. There is no effective treatment and severely affected bears have been euthanized. This paper describes the successful management of ABAS in three female Andean bears. Skin biopsies and cytology revealed a mixed dermal inflammatory infiltrate, alopecia, hyperkeratosis, and Malassezia dermatitis...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
I U Emmerich
In 2014, six active pharmaceutical ingredients were released on the German market for small animals. Those are the ektoparasiticide of the isoxazoline group afoxolaner (NexGard®) and fluralaner (Bravecto®) and the neonicotinoid dinotefuran (Vectra 3D, Vectra Felis), the antidiabetic protamine zinc insulin of human origin (ProZinc®), the antifungal agent ketoconazole (Fugazid®) as well as the cytostatic drug oclacitinib (Apoquel®). Two substances were authorized for an additional species. The antiparasiticide eprinomectin and the antibiotic clindamycin were also authorized for use in cats...
2015: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
Caroline Gadeyne, Peter Little, Vickie L King, Nigel Edwards, Kylie Davis, Michael R Stegemann
BACKGROUND: Oral glucocorticoids are widely used to reduce pruritus and dermatitis associated with allergic dermatitis. Data suggest that oclacitinib, a Janus kinase inhibitor, is a safe and effective alternative. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of oclacitinib compared with prednisolone for the control of pruritus associated with allergic dermatitis in a single-masked, controlled clinical trial with a randomized complete block design. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 123) with a presumptive diagnosis of allergic dermatitis and moderate to severe pruritus as assessed by the pet owner were enrolled...
December 2014: Veterinary Dermatology
Sallie B Cosgrove, Jody A Wren, Dawn M Cleaver, Kelly F Walsh, Stacey I Follis, Vickie I King, Jezaniah-Kira S Tena, Michael R Stegemann
BACKGROUND: Pruritus is the hallmark clinical sign of atopic dermatitis (AD) in dogs. Preliminary study results suggest that oclacitinib, a selective Janus kinase inhibitor, could reduce pruritus and associated inflammatory skin lesions in dogs with AD. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: The objective was to evaluate efficacy and safety of oclacitinib (Apoquel®) for the control of AD in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. ANIMALS: Clinicians at 18 specialty clinics enrolled client-owned dogs (n = 299) with a history of chronic AD...
December 2013: Veterinary Dermatology
A J Gonzales, J W Bowman, G J Fici, M Zhang, D W Mann, M Mitton-Fry
Janus kinase (JAK) enzymes are involved in cell signaling pathways activated by various cytokines dysregulated in allergy. The objective of this study was to determine whether the novel JAK inhibitor oclacitinib could reduce the activity of cytokines implicated in canine allergic skin disease. Using isolated enzyme systems and in vitro human or canine cell models, potency and selectivity of oclacitinib was determined against JAK family members and cytokines that trigger JAK activation in cells. Oclacitinib inhibited JAK family members by 50% at concentrations (IC50 's) ranging from 10 to 99 nm and did not inhibit a panel of 38 non-JAK kinases (IC50 's > 1000 nM)...
August 2014: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Sallie B Cosgrove, Jody A Wren, Dawn M Cleaver, David D Martin, Kelly F Walsh, Jessica A Harfst, Stacey L Follis, Vickie L King, Joseph F Boucher, Michael R Stegemann
BACKGROUND: Oclacitinib (Apoquel(®) ) inhibits the function of a variety of pro-inflammatory, pro-allergic and pruritogenic cytokines that are dependent on Janus kinase enzyme activity. Oclacitinib selectively inhibits Janus kinase 1. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oclacitinib for the control of pruritus associated with allergic dermatitis in a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS: Client-owned dogs (n = 436) with moderate to severe owner-assessed pruritus and a presumptive diagnosis of allergic dermatitis were enrolled...
October 2013: Veterinary Dermatology
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