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poststroke depression scale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603379/impact-of-prediabetes-on-poststroke-depression-in-chinese-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#1
REVIEW
Meijuan Xiao, Qiongzhang Wang, Wenwei Ren, Zheng Zhang, Xujie Wu, Zhen Wang, Liang Feng, Siyan Chen, Jincai He
OBJECTIVE: It is unknown whether prediabetes is a predictor of poststroke depression (PSD). We aimed to explore the relationship between prediabetes and PSD in Chinese patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study, and a total of 358 patients with acute ischemic stroke were recruited and enrolled. Patients were divided into 3 groups: normal glucose group (NGT, n = 96), prediabetes group (preDM, n = 134, impaired fasting glucose (IFG), and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and/or HbA1c (A1c) 5...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548857/c-reactive-protein-can-be-an-early-predictor-of-poststroke-apathy-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients
#2
Liping Chen, Siqing Xiong, Yi Liu, Meiqing Lin, Jirui Wang, Renjia Zhong, Jiuhan Zhao, Wenjing Liu, Lu Zhu, Xiuli Shang
BACKGROUND: Apathy is a multidimensional syndrome referring to a primary lack of motivation that occurs frequently in survivors of stroke. Higher C-reactive protein (CRP) level was associated with higher apathy scores among Alzheimer disease cases. However, data on the relationship between CRP levels and apathy in patients with stroke are lacking. So, we hypothesized an association between CRP and poststroke apathy (PSA). METHODS: Two hundred ninety-two consecutive patients with stroke were recruited within 7 days after stroke...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541025/cerebral-small-vessel-disease-burden-is-associated-with-poststroke-depressive-symptoms-a-15-month-prospective-study
#3
Yan Liang, Yang-Kun Chen, Vincent Chung-Tong Mok, De-Feng Wang, Gabor S Ungvari, Winnie Chiu-Wing Chu, Hee-Ju Kang, Wai-Kwong Tang
Objective: All types of cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) markers including lacune, white matter hyperintensities (WMH), cerebral microbleeds, and perivascular spaces were found to be associated with poststroke depressive symptoms (PDS). This study explored whether the combination of the four markers constituting an overall SVD burden was associated with PDS. Methods: A cohort of 563 patients with acute ischemic stroke were followed over a 15-month period after the index stroke. A score of ≥7 on the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale was defined as clinically significant PDS...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517077/wake-up-stroke-is-not-associated-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-women
#4
Devin L Brown, Chengwei Li, Ronald D Chervin, Erin Case, Nelda M Garcia, Susan D Tower, Lynda D Lisabeth
Background: We sought to investigate the frequency of wake-up stroke (WUS) and its association with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in women. Methods: Within a population-based study, women with acute ischemic stroke were asked about their stroke symptom onset time. SDB screening was performed with the well-validated ApneaLink Plus device; SDB was defined by a respiratory event index ≥10. Logistic regression was used to test the association between SDB presence and severity and WUS unadjusted and adjusted for potential confounders including prestroke depression and sleep duration...
February 2018: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499745/efficacy-and-safety-of-electroacupuncture-for-post-stroke-depression-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Wa Cai, Wen Ma, Guan-Tao Wang, Wei-Dong Shen
BACKGROUND: Poststroke depression is closely related to increased mortality in stroke patients. Compared with antidepressants, electroacupuncture (EA) treatment for poststroke depression (PSD) has relatively more stable effectiveness and can reduce side effects. This trial is designed to provide solid evidence for the efficacy and safety of EA treatment for patients with PSD. METHODS/DESIGN: This ongoing study is a single-blind, single-center, parallel group, randomized controlled trial...
March 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484259/poststroke-emotional-disturbances-and-a-tryptophan-hydroxylase-2-gene-polymorphism
#6
Mihye Ko, Smi Choi-Kwon, Sang-Eun Jun, Ju Han Kim, Kyung-Hee Cho, Hyun-Wook Nah, Hasup Song, Jong S Kim
Objectives: Emotional dysfunction is a common finding in stroke patients. Despite reports on serotonergic involvement in the etiology of poststroke emotional dysfunction (PSED), the role of serotonin synthesizing tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (TPH2) genes in the development of PSED remains unclear. Methods: Genotyping of TPH2 rs4641528 and rs10879355 was performed from genomic DNA of 383 stroke patients collected previously and stored at -70°C. Potential associations between TPH 2 genes and poststroke depression (PSD), poststroke emotional incontinence (PSEI), and poststroke anger proneness (PSAP) were investigated 3 months poststroke...
February 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484258/relationship-between-serum-vitamin-d-levels-and-inflammatory-markers-in-acute-stroke-patients
#7
Qiongzhang Wang, Zhuoying Zhu, Yuntao Liu, Xinjie Tu, Jincai He
Introduction: Low serum vitamin D levels are associated with the development of poststroke depression (PSD). Inflammatory markers play an important role in pathophysiology of PSD. The relationship between vitamin D levels and inflammatory markers has been discussed in nonstroke individuals. The purposes of this study were to explore the relationship between vitamin D levels and inflammatory markers in acute stroke patients and examine the effect of vitamin D and inflammatory markers on PSD...
February 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429905/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-poststroke-epilepsy
#8
Yaroslav Winter, Naeimeh Daneshkhah, Nikolaus Galland, Isabel Kotulla, Anna Krüger, Sergiu Groppa
BACKGROUND: Lesional epilepsy is an important long-term sequela of stroke. Data on health-related quality of life (HrQoL) in patients with poststroke epilepsy are limited. We investigated HrQoL in patients with epilepsy after ischemic stroke and identified independent HrQoL-determinants. METHODS AND PATIENTS: All patients with acute ischemic stroke, who were permanent residents in the district Marburg-Biedenkopf (Hessia, Germany, reference population 240,000 inhabitants) were recruited within 12months in the population-based Marburg Stroke Register (MARSTREG)...
February 8, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158623/criterion-validity-of-the-hrqolisp-e-a-new-context-specific-screening-tool-for-poststroke-depression
#9
Akin Ojagbemi, Mayowa Owolabi, Joshua Akinyemi, Bruce Ovbiagele
Objectives: The optimal tool for identifying postsroke depression (PSD) is yet to be identified. In the present study, we rely on the depression subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D) as a meaningful criterion to investigate the psychometric properties of the HRQOLISP-E, a new context-specific screening tool for PSD developed from a large cross-cultural sample. Methods: We assessed baseline data being collected as part of an intervention to improve one-year blood pressure control among recent (≤one month) stroke survivors...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138675/benign-effect-of-extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-field-on-brain-plasticity-assessed-by-nitric-oxide-metabolism-during-poststroke-rehabilitation
#10
Natalia Cichoń, Piotr Czarny, Michał Bijak, Elżbieta Miller, Tomasz Śliwiński, Janusz Szemraj, Joanna Saluk-Bijak
Nitric oxide (NO) is one of the most important signal molecules, involved in both physiological and pathological processes. As a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, NO regulates cerebral blood flow, neurogenesis, and synaptic plasticity. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of the extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) on generation and metabolism of NO, as a neurotransmitter, in the rehabilitation of poststroke patients. Forty-eight patients were divided into two groups: ELF-EMF and non-ELF-EMF...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079329/acute-poststroke-depression-is-associated-with-thalamic-lesions-and-clinical-outcomes-a-case-control-study
#11
Tomoko Omura, Mahito Kimura, Kyongsong Kim, Masahiro Mishina, Takayuki Mizunari, Shiro Kobayashi, Akio Morita
BACKGROUND: We investigated the role of acute-phase stroke lesions and patient characteristics in poststroke depression (PSD) and its effect on the clinical outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five and 30 days after admission, 175 patients self-reported their depressive symptoms on the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. We compared the clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with (n = 41) and without PSD (n = 134). Stroke severity was assessed with the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS); the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) was used to determine the functional outcome...
February 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073590/temporal-associations-between-fatigue-depression-and-apathy-after-stroke-results-of-the-cognition-and-affect-after-stroke-a-prospective-evaluation-of-risks-study
#12
Elles Douven, Sebastian Köhler, Syenna H J Schievink, Robert J van Oostenbrugge, Julie Staals, Frans R J Verhey, Pauline Aalten
BACKGROUND: Poststroke fatigue (PSF) is a form of pathological fatigue that can develop after stroke and has a negative impact on functional outcome. PSF is associated with poststroke depression (PSD), which in turn shows similarities with poststroke apathy (PSA). This study aimed at disentangling the temporal associations between PSF and PSD and between PSF and PSA. METHODS: A total of 250 stroke patients were included, of which 243 completed the Fatigue Severity Scale, Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale, and Apathy Evaluation Scale at 3 months poststroke, with follow-up measurements at 6 and 12 months after initial testing...
October 26, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030421/serotonin-transporter-gene-polymorphisms-may-be-associated-with-poststroke-neurological-recovery-after-escitalopram-use
#13
Eun-Jae Lee, Mi-Sun Oh, Jong S Kim, Dae-Il Chang, Jong-Ho Park, Jae-Kwan Cha, Ji Hoe Heo, Sung-Il Sohn, Dong-Eog Kim, Hahn Young Kim, Jei Kim, Woo-Keun Seo, Jun Lee, Sang-Won Park, Yun Joong Kim, Byung-Chul Lee
OBJECTIVE: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) putatively improve neurological recovery after stroke. We aimed to investigate whether serotonin transporter (SERT) gene polymorphisms are related to the responsiveness to SSRIs in the poststroke neurological recovery. METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of the EMOTION study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01278498), a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial examining the efficacy of escitalopram on emotional and neurological disturbances after acute stroke...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720980/efficacy-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-therapy-on-poststroke-depression-among-survivors-of-first-stroke-attack-in-ibadan-nigeria
#14
Olugbemi Olukolade, Helen O Osinowo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Poststroke depression (PSD) is a common complication after stroke. There is no adequate treatment for PSD. This study examined efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT) in the treatment of PSD among stroke survivors. METHODS: An experimental design, 30 participants with poststroke depression were randomly assigned into 3 groups of cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT), psychoeducation (PE), and the control group (CG). CRT consisted of nine sessions with three-phased sessions focusing on activity stimulation, negative thoughts, and people contacts, PE consisted of nine sessions focusing on knowledge on stroke and poststroke depression, and the CG group was on the waiting list...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716256/post-stroke-depression-in-ghana-characteristics-and-correlates
#15
Fred Stephen Sarfo, Carolyn Jenkins, Arti Singh, Mayowa Owolabi, Akin Ojagbemi, Nathaniel Adusei, Raelle Saulson, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: Poststroke depression (PSD) is prevalent and is an important determinant of functional recovery, quality of life and mortality after stroke. Scanty data on the nature of PSD among stroke survivors in sub-Saharan Africa prompted this study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and predictors of depression in a convenience sample of Ghanaian stroke survivors. METHODS: We evaluated consecutive stroke survivors encountered at a comprehensive neurology clinic in a tertiary medical center in Ghana...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652059/burden-and-predictors-of-poststroke-cognitive-impairment-in-a-sample-of-ghanaian-stroke-survivors
#16
Fred Stephen Sarfo, John Akassi, Sheila Adamu, Vida Obese, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There are limited data on vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) from low- and middle-income countries where the stroke burden is burgeoning. The aim of this study was to characterize the burden, determinants, and effects of VCI on health-related quality of life in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: From January 2015 to February 2016, we collected information on 147 consecutive stroke survivors (>45 years) seen at a tertiary hospital in Ghana and 49 demographically matched stroke-free controls...
November 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505996/depression-one-year-after-hemorrhagic-stroke-is-associated-with-late-worsening-of-outcomes
#17
Sara Stern-Nezer, Irina Eyngorn, Michael Mlynash, Ryan W Snider, Chitra Venkatsubramanian, Christine A C Wijman, Marion S Buckwalter
BACKGROUND: Poststroke depression is the most common psychiatric sequelae of stroke, and it's independently associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Few studies have examined depression after intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between depression, ICH and outcomes. METHODS: A substudy of the prospective Diagnostic Accuracy of MRI in Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage (DASH) study, we included 89 subjects assessed for depression 1 year after hemorrhage...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488610/pregabalin-and-lamotrigine-in-central-poststroke-pain-a-pilot-study
#18
Jayantee Kalita, Satish Chandra, Usha Kant Misra
BACKGROUND: Comparative study of Class I drugs in central poststroke pain (CPSP) is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of pregabalin and lamotrigine in patients with CPSP. SETTING: Tertiary care teaching referral hospital. METHODS: We included consecutive patients with CPSP having ≥50 mm score on Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and randomized them to receive either oral pregabalin or oral lamotrigine...
May 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438907/-good-outcome-isn-t-good-enough-cognitive-impairment-depressive-symptoms-and-social-restrictions-in-physically-recovered-stroke-patients
#19
Arunima Kapoor, Krista L Lanctôt, Mark Bayley, Alex Kiss, Nathan Herrmann, Brian J Murray, Richard H Swartz
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Functional outcome after stroke is often only evaluated using the modified Rankin Scale, which primarily assesses activities of daily living. Stroke patients may experience difficulties with social reintegration and mental functions, feel isolated, and experience poor quality of life, even after physical recovery is complete. Functional assessments based solely on activity limitations may not be able to capture the full range of problems experienced by stroke survivors...
June 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408941/clinical-evaluation-of-acupuncture-as-treatment-for-complications-of-cerebrovascular-accidents-a-randomized-sham-controlled-subject-and-assessor-blind-trial
#20
Hsien-Yin Liao, Wen-Chao Ho, Chun-Chung Chen, Jaung-Geng Lin, Chia-Chi Chang, Liang-Yu Chen, De-Chih Lee, Yu-Chen Lee
Background and Purpose. The effect of acupuncture as treatment for poststroke complications is questionable. We performed a randomized, sham-controlled double-blind study to investigate it. Methods. Patients with first-time acute stroke were randomized to receive 24 sessions of either real or sham acupuncture during an eight-week period. The primary outcome measure was change in National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. Secondary outcome measures included changes in Barthel Index (BI), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain scores...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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