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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431295/clove-and-rosemary-essential-oils-and-encapsuled-active-principles-eugenol-thymol-and-vanillin-blend-on-meat-quality-of-feedlot-finished-heifers
#1
Jéssica de Oliveira Monteschio, Kennyson Alves de Souza, Ana Carolina Pelaes Vital, Ana Guerrero, Maribel Velandia Valero, Emília Maria Barbosa Carvalho Kempinski, Vinícius Cunha Barcelos, Karina Favoreto Nascimento, Ivanor Nunes do Prado
Forty Nellore heifers were fed (73days) with different diets: with or without essential oils (clove and/or rosemary essential oil) and/or active principle blend (eugenol, thymol and vanillin). The pH, fat thickness, marbling, muscle area and water losses (thawing and drip) were evaluated 24h post mortem on the Longissimus thoracis, and the effects of aging (14days) was evaluated on the meat cooking losses, color, texture and lipid oxidation. Antioxidant activity was also evaluated. Treatments had no effect (P>0...
April 5, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431293/cigarette-dependence-and-depressive-symptoms-as-predictors-of-smoking-status-at-five-year-follow-up-after-a-workplace-smoking-cessation-program
#2
Gemma Nieva, Marina Comín, Sergi Valero, Eugeni Bruguera
Workplace smoking cessation interventions increase quit rates compared to no treatment or minimal interventions. However, most studies report data up to one year. This study aims to evaluate long-term effects of a worksite smoking cessation intervention based on cognitive behavioral cessation groups combined with first-line medications, and determine to what extent cigarette dependence (FTCD) and depressive symptoms may influence results at five-year follow-up. Participants were invited to answer a short survey five years after starting the program...
April 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431110/african-histoplasmosis-new-clinical-and-microbiological-insights
#3
C Valero, S Gago, M C Monteiro, A Alastruey-Izquierdo, M J Buitrago
African histoplasmosis is defined as the fungal infection caused by Histoplasma capsulatum var. duboisii (Hcd). Studies focused on distinguishing Hcd and H. capsulatum var. capsulatum (Hcc), which coexist in Africa, are scarce or outdated, and African strains are continuously underrepresented. In this work, 13 cases of African patients with histoplasmosis diagnosed in the Spanish Mycology Reference Laboratory have been reviewed showing that 77% had disseminated disease and AIDS as underlying disease although Hcd infection has been classically considered a rare presentation in AIDS patients...
April 20, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424549/seasonal-variability-in-clinical-care-of-copd-outpatients-results-from-the-andalusian-copd-audit
#4
Jose Luis López-Campos, Maria Abad Arranz, Carmen Calero-Acuña, Fernando Romero-Valero, Ruth Ayerbe-García, Antonio Hidalgo-Molina, Ricardo I Aguilar-Pérez-Grovas, Francisco García-Gil, Francisco Casas-Maldonado, Laura Caballero-Ballesteros, María Sánchez-Palop, Dolores Pérez-Tejero, Alejandro Segado Soriano, Jose Calvo-Bonachera, Bárbara Hernández-Sierra, Adolfo Doménech, Macarena Arroyo-Varela, Francisco González-Vargas, Juan J Cruz-Rueda
OBJECTIVES: Clinical practice in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be influenced by weather variability throughout the year. To explore the hypothesis of seasonal variability in clinical practice, the present study analyzes the results of the 2013-2014 Andalusian COPD audit with regard to changes in clinical practice according to the different seasons. METHODS: The Andalusian COPD audit was a pilot clinical project conducted from October 2013 to September 2014 in outpatient respiratory clinics of hospitals in Andalusia, Spain (8 provinces with more than 8 million inhabitants) with retrospective data gathering...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423171/identification-of-patients-with-documented-pathologic-complete-response-in-the-breast-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-omission-of-axillary-surgery
#5
Audree B Tadros, Wei T Yang, Savitri Krishnamurthy, Gaiane M Rauch, Benjamin D Smith, Vicente Valero, Dalliah M Black, Anthony Lucci, Abigail S Caudle, Sarah M DeSnyder, Mediget Teshome, Carlos H Barcenas, Makesha Miggins, Beatriz E Adrada, Tanya Moseley, Rosa F Hwang, Kelly K Hunt, Henry M Kuerer
Importance: A pathologic complete response (pCR; no invasive or in situ cancer) occurs in 40% to 50% of patients with HER2-positive (HER2+) and triple-negative (TN) breast cancer. The need for surgery if percutaneous biopsy of the breast after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) indicates pCR in the breast (hereinafter referred to as breast pCR) has been questioned, and appropriate management of the axilla in such patients is unknown. Objective: To identify patients among exceptional responders to NCT with a low risk for axillary metastases when breast pCR is documented who may be eligible for an omission of surgery clinical trial design...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420975/beta-band-corticomuscular-drive-reflects-muscle-coordination-strategies
#6
Alexander Reyes, Christopher M Laine, Jason J Kutch, Francisco J Valero-Cuevas
During force production, hand muscle activity is known to be coherent with activity in primary motor cortex, specifically in the beta-band (15-30 Hz) frequency range. It is not clear, however, if this coherence reflects the control strategy selected by the nervous system for a given task, or if it instead reflects an intrinsic property of cortico-spinal communication. Here, we measured corticomuscular and intermuscular coherence between muscles of index finger and thumb while a two-finger pinch grip of identical net force was applied to objects which were either stable (allowing synergistic activation of finger muscles) or unstable (requiring individuated finger control)...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419682/game-theoretical-mapping-of-causal-interactions-underlying-visuo-spatial-attention-in-the-human-brain-based-on-stroke-lesions
#7
Monica N Toba, Melissa Zavaglia, Federica Rastelli, Romain Valabrégue, Pascale Pradat-Diehl, Antoni Valero-Cabré, Claus C Hilgetag
Anatomical studies conducted in neurological conditions have developed our understanding of the causal relationships between brain lesions and their clinical consequences. The analysis of lesion patterns extended across brain networks has been particularly useful in offering new insights on brain-behavior relationships. Here we applied multiperturbation Shapley value Analysis (MSA), a multivariate method based on coalitional game theory inferring causal regional contributions to specific behavioral outcomes from the characteristic functional deficits after stroke lesions...
April 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418989/impact-of-antiretroviral-treatment-containing-tenofovir-difumarate-on-the-telomere-length-of-aviremic-hiv-infected-patients
#8
Rocio Montejano, Natalia Stella-Ascariz, Susana Monge, José I Bernardino, Ignacio Pérez-Valero, MaLuisa Montes, Eulalia Valencia, Luz Martín-Carbonero, Victoria Moreno, Juan González-García, Francisco Arnalich, Jesús Mingorance, Laura Pintado Berniches, Rosario Perona, José R Arribas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the in vivo relevance of the inhibitory effect of tenofovir upon telomerase activity observed in vitro. DESIGN: Cross sectional study of HIV-infected patients with suppressed virological replication (HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL for more than one year) Methods: Telomere length in whole blood was measured by quantitative real time PCR. We performed a multivariate analysis to elucidate variables associated with telomere length and also evaluated the association between telomere length and use of tenofovir difumarate (TDF) adjusted by significant confounders RESULTS:: 200 patients included, 72% male, median age 49 (IQR 45-54...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414733/absence-of-antibodies-against-kir4-1-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-three-technique-approach-and-systematic-review
#9
Miquel Navas-Madroñal, Ana Valero-Mut, María José Martínez-Zapata, Manuel Javier Simón-Talero, Sebastián Figueroa, Nuria Vidal-Fernández, Mariana López-Góngora, Antonio Escartín, Luis Querol
INTRODUCTION: Antibodies targeting the inward-rectifying potassium channel KIR4.1 have been associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) but studies using diverse techniques have failed to replicate this association. The detection of these antibodies is challenging; KIR4.1 glycosylation patterns and the use of diverse technical approaches may account for the disparity of results. We aimed to replicate the association using three different approaches to overcome the technical limitations of a single technique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411408/psychopathology-and-traffic-violations-in-subjects-who-have-lost-their-driving-license
#10
S Valero, R Bosch, M Corominas, A Giannoni, V Barrau, J A Ramos-Quiroga, M Casas
BACKGROUND: The persistence of risky behaviors while driving and traffic accidents despite campaigns to increase awareness suggest that there may be underlying causes that maintain proneness to traffic violations. The aim of the current study was to assess: a) the prevalence of psychopathology in a sample of people who have lost their driving license due to former traffic violations and b) the discriminatory capacity of each psychopathological disorder to differentiate among people with high and low proneness to perform risky behaviors while driving...
March 28, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407920/preharvest-application-of-oxalic-acid-improves-quality-and-phytochemical-content-of-artichoke-cynara-scolymus-l-at-harvest-and-during-storage
#11
Alejandra Martínez-Esplá, María Emma García-Pastor, Pedro Javier Zapata, Fabián Guillén, María Serrano, Daniel Valero, Amadeo Gironés-Vilaplana
In this study the effect of oxalic acid (OA) treatment of artichoke plants (Cynara scolymus L.) on head artichoke development and on artichokes quality parameters (weight loss, firmness, and color), respiration rate, antioxidant activity and phenolics (measured by Folin Ciocalteu and HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS(n)) at harvest and during storage for 21days at 2°C was evaluated. OA treatment increased the percentage of the first class artichokes although no significant effect was found in artichoke developmental process...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404226/percutaneous-balloon-pericardiotomy-treatment-of-choice-in-patients-with-advanced-oncological-disease-and-severe-pericardial-effusion
#12
Francisco Javier Irazusta, Santiago Jiménez-Valero, Daniele Gemma, Pablo Meras, Guillermo Galeote, Angel Sanchez-Recalde, Veronica Rial, Raul Moreno, Jose Luis Lopez-Sendon
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Malignant pericardial effusion has a high recurrence rate after pericardiocentesis. We sought to confirm the efficacy and feasibility of percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy (PBP) as the initial treatment of choice for these effusions. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the clinical, echocardiographic, and follow-up characteristics of a consecutive series of PBP carried out in a single-center in patients with advanced cancer. RESULTS: Forty PBPs were performed in 35 patients with a mean age of 61...
April 4, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400077/length-of-stay-and-risk-of-very-early-readmission-in-acute-heart-failure
#13
Gema Miñana, Maria José Bosch, Eduardo Núñez, Anna Mollar, Enrique Santas, Ernesto Valero, Sergio García-Blas, Mauricio Pellicer, Vicent Bodí, Francisco J Chorro, Juan Sanchis, Julio Núñez
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: In patients admitted for acute heart failure (AHF), optimal length of stay (LOS) remains controversial. Longer hospitalizations are associated with worse prognosis, but little is known about short hospitalizations. The aim of this work was to evaluate the relationship between LOS and the risk of short-term readmission in patients discharged after a hospitalization for AHF. METHODS: We included 2110 consecutive patients. The independent associations between LOS and unplanned 10, 15 and 30-day readmissions were evaluated by Cox regression analysis adjusted for competing events...
April 8, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392058/-a-critical-assessment-of-the-relation-between-the-food-industry-and-health-research
#14
Josep León Mengíbar, María Pastor-Valero, Ildefonso Hernández Aguado
OBJECTIVE: To describe the influence of the food industry in health research, observing how funding influences health outcomes and the quality of the studies. METHOD: We performed a systematic review in MEDLINE, Cochrane Library Plus and Scopus using the MESH "Food Industry", "Food-Processing Industry", "Biomedical Research", "Research Support as Topic", and the keywords "Industry Sponsorship" and "Funding Source". The quality was assessed using the PRISMA guidelines...
April 6, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389067/prognostic-value-of-geriatric-conditions-beyond-age-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#15
Juan Sanchis, Vicente Ruiz, Clara Bonanad, Ernesto Valero, Maria Arantzazu Ruescas-Nicolau, Yasmin Ezzatvar, Clara Sastre, Sergio García-Blas, Anna Mollar, Vicente Bertomeu-González, Gema Miñana, Julio Núñez
The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of geriatric conditions beyond age after acute coronary syndrome. This was a prospective cohort design including 342 patients (from October 1, 2010, to February 1, 2012) hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome, older than 65 years, in whom 5 geriatric conditions were evaluated at discharge: frailty (Fried and Green scales), comorbidity (Charlson and simple comorbidity indexes), cognitive impairment (Pfeiffer test), physical disability (Barthel index), and instrumental disability (Lawton-Brody scale)...
April 4, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387952/work-productivity-in-rhinitis-using-cell-phones-the-mask-pilot-study
#16
J Bousquet, M Bewick, S Arnavielhe, E Mathieu-Dupas, R Murray, A Bedbrook, D P Caimmi, O VandenPlas, P W Hellings, C Bachert, J M Anto, K C Bergmann, C Bindslev-Jensen, S Bosnic-Anticevitch, J Bouchard, G W Canonica, N H Chavannes, A A Cruz, R Dahl, P Demoly, G De Vries, P Devillier, A Fink-Wagner, W J Fokkens, J Fonseca, N Guldemond, T Haahtela, B Hellqvist-Dahl, J Just, T Keil, L Klimek, M L Kowalski, P Kuna, V Kvedariene, D Laune, D Larenas-Linnemann, J Mullol, A M Pereira, P Carreiro-Martins, E Melén, M Morais-Almeida, L Nogueira-Silva, R E O'Hehir, N G Papadopoulos, G Passalacqua, F Portejoie, D Price, D Ryan, B Samolinski, A Sheikh, F E R Simons, O Spranger, A Todo Bom, P V Tomazic, M Triggiani, A Valero, E Valovirta, A Valiulis, M van Eerd, M Wickman, I Young, T Zuberbier
Allergic rhinitis often impairs social life and performance. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the impact of uncontrolled rhinitis assessed by visual analogue score VAS on work productivity using cell phone data collection. A mobile phone app Allergy Diary, Android and Apple stores collects daily visual analogue scales VAS data for overall allergic symptoms VAS-global measured, nasal VAS-nasal, ocular VAS-ocular, asthma symptoms VAS-asthma and work VAS-work. A combined nasal-ocular score is calculated...
April 7, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382189/the-role-of-carboplatin-in-the-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-treatment-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Aurelio Bartolome Castrellon, Ihor Pidhorecky, Vicente Valero, Luis Estuardo Raez
Triple negative breast (TNBC) cancer constitutes a heterogeneous group of disease with histologic and molecular differences. Complete pathologic response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in TNBC is associated with improved outcomes. Efforts have been made in identifying drug combinations that will increase the response rate to preoperative chemotherapy. In this review we present recent studies that have incorporated carboplatin (Cb) in the NACT of TNBC. We discuss the homologous recombination deficiency score and the somatic or germline mutation for BRCA as potential biomarkers for future selection of patients that could benefit from the addition of Cb to NACT...
March 3, 2017: Oncology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378244/ventilator-associated-pneumonia-by-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-do-minimum-inhibitory-concentrations-to-vancomycin-and-daptomycin-matter
#18
J Ruiz-Ramos, P Vidal-Cortés, A Díaz-Lamas, R Reig-Valero, F Roche-Campo, M Del Valle-Ortiz, X Nuvials-Casals, M Ortiz-Piquer, D Andaluz-Ojeda, L Tamayo-Lomas, M A Blasco-Navalpotro, M Rodriguez-Aguirregabiria, J Aguado, P Ramirez
The use of vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) as an outcome predictor in patients with methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia has become an important topic for debate in the last few years. Given these previous results, we decided to investigate whether MICs to vancomycin or daptomycin had any effect on the evolution of patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) due to MSSA. An observational, retrospective, multicenter study was conducted among patients with MSSA VAP...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377928/quantitative-pcr-and-digital-pcr-for-detection-of-ascaris-lumbricoides-eggs-in-reclaimed-water
#19
Lucrecia Acosta Soto, Ana Belén Santísima-Trinidad, Fernando Jorge Bornay-Llinares, Marcos Martín González, José Antonio Pascual Valero, Margarita Ros Muñoz
The reuse of reclaimed water from wastewater depuration is a widespread and necessary practice in many areas around the world and must be accompanied by adequate and continuous quality control. Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the soil-transmitted helminths (STH) with risk for humans due to its high infectivity and an important determinant of transmission is the inadequacy of water supplies and sanitation. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a limit equal to or lower than one parasitic helminth egg per liter, to reuse reclaimed water for unrestricted irrigation...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373270/patient-provider-communication-and-health-outcomes-among-individuals-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-united-states-medical-expenditure-panel-survey-2010-to-2013
#20
Victor Okunrintemi, Erica S Spatz, Paul Di Capua, Joseph A Salami, Javier Valero-Elizondo, Haider Warraich, Salim S Virani, Michael J Blaha, Ron Blankstein, Adeel A Butt, William B Borden, Kumar Dharmarajan, Henry Ting, Harlan M Krumholz, Khurram Nasir
BACKGROUND: Consumer-reported patient-provider communication (PPC) assessed by Consumer Assessment of Health Plans Survey in ambulatory settings is incorporated as a complementary value metric for patient-centered care of chronic conditions in pay-for-performance programs. In this study, we examine the relationship of PPC with select indicators of patient-centered care in a nationally representative US adult population with established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of a nationally representative sample of 6810 individuals (aged ≥18 years), representing 18...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
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