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egfr inhibitor skin

Akira Yokoyama, Atsuhisa Tamura, Kazuko Miyakawa, Kei Kusaka, Masahiro Shimada, Takashi Hirose, Hirotoshi Matsui, Masashi Kitani, Akira Hebisawa, Ken Ohta
A 63-year-old woman with pulmonary adenocarcinoma (stage IIIB) that was positive for an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation and an anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement was treated with erlotinib as the first-line treatment, resulting in a stable disease. Due to skin rashes, fatigue and anorexia, erlotinib was suspended on erlotinib day 44. Alectinib was administered as the second-line treatment, exhibiting a partial response. On alectinib day 56, drug-induced lung injury forced suspension of alectinib, which was cured with corticosteroid therapy...
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
Witold Owczarek, Monika Słowińska, Aleksandra Lesiak, Magdalena Ciążyńska, Aldona Maciąg, Elwira Paluchowska, Luiza Marek-Józefowicz, Rafał Czajkowski
Overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is found in many cancers, including those of the head and neck area, non-small-cell lung cancer, and colorectal, cervical, prostate, breast, ovary, stomach, and pancreatic cancer. The EGFR inhibitors are used at present in the treatment of such cancers. Skin lesions that develop during and after cancer treatment may be due to specific cytostatics, molecular-targeted drugs, radiation therapy, complementary therapy, or the cancer itself, and hence knowledge is essential to distinguish between them...
October 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Andrew Graham Hill, Michael Findlay, Matthew Burge, Christopher Jackson, Pilar García Alfonso, Leslie Samuel, Vinod Ganju, Meinolf Karthaus, Alessio Amatu, Mark Jeffery, Maria Di Bartolomeo, John Bridgewater, Andrew L Coveler, Manuel Hidalgo, Amy V Kapp, Roxana Sufan, Bruce McCall, William Hanley, Elicia Penuel, Andrea Pirzkall, Josep Tabernero
PURPOSE: Duligotuzumab is a dual-action antibody directed against EGFR and HER3. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: mCRC patients with KRAS ex2 wild-type received duligotuzumab or cetuximab and FOLFIRI until progression or intolerable toxicity. Mandatory tumor samples underwent mutation and biomarker analysis. Efficacy analysis was conducted in patients with RAS exon 2/3 wild-type tumors. RESULTS: Of 134 randomized patients, 98 were RAS ex2/3 wild-type...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Shingo Nasu, Hidekazu Suzuki, Takayuki Shiroyama, Ayako Tanaka, Kaori Iwata, Noriko Ryota, Yuki Ueda, S O Takata, Kentaro Masuhiro, Satomu Morita, Naoko Morishita, Norio Okamoto, Tomonori Hirashima
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although afatinib has a strong efficacy, it can be toxic; hence, we aimed to determine markers of response to afatinib in order to assess prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Information on clinical background, therapeutic effects, and adverse events was collected retrospectively at one Institution from patients treated with afatinib as initial epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI). We examined the relationship between different adverse events and their effects on prognosis...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
Liborija Lugović-Mihić, Tomislav Duvančić, Iva Ferček, Petra Vuković, Iva Japundžić, Diana Ćesić
When taking different drugs, their possible side effects on the skin should be considered, including skin reactions connected to photosensitivity. This photosensitivity caused by drugs can appear as phototoxic reactions (which occur more often) or photoallergic reactions (which occur less often and include allergic mechanisms). The following drugs stand out as medications with a high photosensitivity potential: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cardiovascular drugs (such as amiodarone), phenothiazines (especially chlorpromazine), retinoids, antibiotics (sulfonamides, tetracyclines, especially demeclocycline and quinolones), etc...
June 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
W-H Hsu, J C-H Yang, T S Mok, H H Loong
Front-line epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR TKI) therapy is the standard of care for lung cancer patients with sensitising EGFR mutations (exon 19 deletion or L858R mutation). Several phase III studies have demonstrated the superiority of gefitinib, erlotinib (first generation of TKIs) or afatinib (second generation) to chemotherapy in progression-free survival and response rates. Drug-related toxicities, such as diarrhoea, acneiform skin rash, mucositis, and paronychia, are frequently encountered in patients who receive EGFR TKIs...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Xuesheng Han, Tory L Parker
Lemongrass ( Cymbopogon flexuosus ) essential oil (LEO), which has citral as its main component, has exhibited anti-inflammatory effect in both animal and human cells. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of a commercially available LEO in pre-inflamed human dermal fibroblasts. We first studied the impact of LEO on 17 protein biomarkers that are critically associated with inflammation and tissue remodeling. LEO significantly inhibited production of the inflammatory biomarkers vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP-10), interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC), and monokine induced by gamma interferon (MIG); decreased levels of the tissue remodeling biomarkers collagen-I and III, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1); and inhibited the immunomodulatory biomarker macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF)...
June 2017: Biochimie Open
Xuesheng Han, Tory L Parker
The use of oregano ( Origanum vulgare ) essential oil (OEO) has become popular in skin care products. However, scientific research regarding its effects on human skin cells is scarce. In this study, we investigated the biological activity of a commercially available OEO, which is high in carvacrol content, in a human skin cell disease model. OEO induced marked antiproliferative effects and significantly inhibited several inflammatory biomarkers, including monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), intracellular cell adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP-10), interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC), and monokine induced by gamma interferon (MIG)...
June 2017: Biochimie Open
J Aguilar-Company, M Fernández-Ruiz, R García-Campelo, A C Garrido-Castro, I Ruiz-Camps
BACKGROUND: The present review is part of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) Study Group for Infections in Compromised Hosts (ESGICH) consensus document on the safety of targeted and biologic therapies. AIMS: To review, from an infectious diseases perspective, the safety profile of therapies targeting cell surface receptors and associated signaling pathways among cancer patients and to suggest preventive recommendations...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Wolfgang Schuette, Peter Schirmacher, Wilfried E E Eberhardt, Manfred Dietel, Ute Zirrgiebel, Lars Muehlenhoff, Michael Thomas
BACKGROUND: We evaluated treatment decisions and outcomes in a cohort of predominately Caucasian patients with EGFR mutation-positive (EGFR Mut+) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: REASON (NCT00997230) was a non-interventional study in German patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC. Secondary endpoints for EGFR Mut + NSCLC included progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), adverse event (AE) management, and pharmacoeconomic outcomes. RESULTS: Among 334 patients with EGFR Mut + NSCLC, tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) were the most common first-line therapy (56...
February 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
Yang Yu, Xueer Wang, Qinglin Li, Min Zhang, Pengcheng Xu, Yinghua Chen, Yuan Yan, Lin Zhang
Melanoma is a highly malignant tumor of the skin melanocytes. Patients with this cancer have a high frequency (~50%) of oncogenic BRAF mutations, particularly BRAF V600E. Treatments for melanoma often target BRAF mutations or involve mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibitors. A major challenge in melanoma treatment is resistance to BRAF inhibitor treatment, which may be enhanced by the BRAF mutation itself and/or epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation, leading to poor prognosis...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
C Baykal, G Babuna Kobaner
Various subgroups of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors (EGFRIs) are increasingly being used in the treatment of several cancers. However, as a generalized class effect, they are frequently associated with a wide spectrum of dermatological adverse reactions affecting skin, hair and nail of varying severity.A 53-year-old male with metastatic rectal cancer receiving every two weeks infusions of panitumumab, a human monoclonal antibody targeting EGFR, presented with a generalized acneiform papulopustular eruption (Grade 3 according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4...
January 29, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Katsuyuki Kiura, Kiyotaka Yoh, Nobuyuki Katakami, Naoyuki Nogami, Kazuo Kasahara, Toshiaki Takahashi, Isamu Okamoto, Mireille Cantarini, Rachel Hodge, Hirohiko Uchida
Osimertinib is a potent, irreversible EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) selective for EGFR-TKI sensitizing (EGFRm) and T790M resistance mutations. The primary objective of the cytology cohort in the AURA study was to investigate safety and efficacy of osimertinib in pretreated Japanese patients with EGFR T790M mutation-positive NSCLC, with screening EGFR T790M mutation status determined from cytology samples. The cytology cohort was included in the Phase I dose expansion component of the AURA study. Patients were enrolled based on a positive result of T790M by using cytology samples, and received osimertinib 80 mg in tablet form once daily until disease progression or until clinical benefit was no longer observed at the discretion of the investigator...
January 24, 2018: Cancer Science
Myron K Evans, Michael C Brown, Joseph Geradts, Xuhui Bao, Timothy J Robinson, Mohit Kumar Jolly, Peter Vermeulen, Gregory M Palmer, Matthias Gromeier, Herbert Levine, Michael A Morse, Steven Van Laere, Gayathri R Devi
Hyperactivation of the NFκB pathway is a distinct feature of inflammatory breast cancer (IBC), a highly proliferative and lethal disease. Gene expression studies in IBC patient tissue have linked epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/HER2)-mediated MAPK signaling to NFκB hyperactivity, but the mechanism(s) by which this occurs remain unclear. Here, we report that the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) plays a central role in linking these two pathways. XIAP overexpression correlated with poor prognoses in breast cancer patients and was frequently observed in untreated IBC patient primary tumors...
January 19, 2018: Cancer Research
Takashi Ninomiya, Naoyuki Nogami, Toshiyuki Kozuki, Daijiro Harada, Toshio Kubo, Kadoaki Ohashi, Shoichi Kuyama, Kenichiro Kudo, Akihiro Bessho, Nobuaki Fukamatsu, Nobukazu Fujimoto, Keisuke Aoe, Takuo Shibayama, Keisuke Sugimoto, Nagio Takigawa, Katsuyuki Hotta, Katsuyuki Kiura
OBJECTIVE: In advanced epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), treatment with afatinib, a second-generation EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), confers a significant survival benefit over platinum-based chemotherapy. The first-generation EGFR-TKIs gefitinib and erlotinib in combination with bevacizumab have improved progression-free survival. We hypothesized that the combination of afatinib with bevacizumab would further improve efficacy, and conducted a phase I trial to test this hypothesis...
January 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Ryosuke Segawa, Kenichi Shigeeda, Takahiro Hatayama, Jiangxu Dong, Natsumi Mizuno, Takahiro Moriya, Masahiro Hiratsuka, Noriyasu Hirasawa
BACKGROUND: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is an epithelial cell-derived cytokine involved in the pathology of inflammatory skin diseases, such as atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, a key cytokine in inflammatory skin diseases, is a known TSLP inducer. TNF-α activates NF-κB and induces transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in epithelial cells. However, the detailed mechanism of TSLP induction by TNF-α has remained unclear. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the involvement of TNF-α-induced EGFR transactivation in TSLP expression...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
Lauretta Odogwu, Luckson Mathieu, Kirsten B Goldberg, Gideon M Blumenthal, Erin Larkins, Mallorie H Fiero, Lisa Rodriguez, Karen Bijwaard, Eunice Y Lee, Reena Philip, Ingrid Fan, Martha Donoghue, Patricia Keegan, Amy McKee, Richard Pazdur
On March 30, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved osimertinib for the treatment of patients with metastatic, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M mutation-positive, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), as detected by an FDA-approved test, whose disease has progressed following EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy. Approval was based on demonstration of a statistically significant difference in the primary endpoint of progression-free survival (PFS) when comparing osimertinib with chemotherapy in an international, multicenter, open-label, randomized trial (AURA3)...
December 14, 2017: Oncologist
Helena A Yu, Myung-Ju Ahn, Byoung Chul Cho, David E Gerber, Ronald B Natale, Mark A Socinski, Nagdeep Giri, Susan Quinn, Eric Sbar, Hui Zhang, Giuseppe Giaccone
BACKGROUND: Dacomitinib is a second-generation, irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI). Pre-clinical data suggest that intermittent pulsatile dosing of dacomitinib may result in inhibition of EGFR T790M. METHODS: We evaluated safety, pharmacokinetics and efficacy of intermittent pulsatile dacomitinib in both molecularly unselected patients and patients with lung cancers harboring EGFR T790M (Clinical Trial Registration Number NCT01858389)...
October 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Stefanie Taute, Herbert J Pfister, Gertrud Steger
Epidemiological evidence is accumulating that beta-human papillomaviruses (HPV) synergize with UV-light in the development of precancerous actinic keratosis, and cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCC), one of the most common cancers in the Caucasian population. We previously demonstrated the tumorigenic activity of beta-HPV type 8 (HPV8) in the skin of transgenic mice and its cooperation with UV-light. Analysis of underlying mechanisms now showed that in keratinocytes expressing the HPV8E6 protein a transient increase of tyrosine phosphorylated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in response to UV-irradiation occurred, while EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation, i...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Xiaolu Guo, Micah D J Peters, Zhenqi Lu
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors (EGFRIs) bind to and inhibit epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) in cancer cells, slowing/preventing tumor growth. As a type of "targeted therapy", they have demonstrated therapeutic effects on solid tumors including colorectal, lung, and head and neck cancers. While effective, various skin reactions are associated with EGFRI therapy which can lead to dose modification or discontinuation as well as discomfort, pain and reduced quality of life...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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