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ultrasound icu

Isabel Benavente-Fernandez, Manuel Lubián-Gutierrez, Gema Jimenez-Gomez, Alfonso M Lechuga-Sancho, Simon P Lubián-López
AIM: Post-haemorrhagic ventricular dilatation is monitored by conventional two-dimensional ultrasound. The aims of this study were to determine the volume of the lateral ventricles using three-dimensional ultrasound in preterm infants with post-haemorrhagic ventricular dilatation and evaluate the relationship between volume and linear measurements. METHODS: Serial two-dimensional ultrasounds and three-dimensional ultrasounds were performed on preterm infants with post-haemorrhagic ventricular dilatation admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at Puerta del Mar Hospital, Cádiz, Spain, from January 2013 to December 2014...
October 26, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
David E Clay, Annika C Linke, Daniel J Cameron, Bobby Stojanoski, Stephen Rulisa, Aggrey Wasunna, Sandrine de Ribaupierre, Rhodri Cusack
Neuroimaging is a valuable diagnostic tool for the early detection of neonatal brain injury, but equipment and radiologic staff are expensive and unavailable to most hospitals in developing countries. We evaluated an affordable, portable ultrasound machine as a quantitative and qualitative diagnostic tool and to establish whether a novice sonographer could effectively operate the equipment and obtain clinically important information. Cranial ultrasonography was performed on term healthy, pre-term and term asphyxiated neonates in Rwandan and Kenyan hospitals...
October 20, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
C S Bruells, G Marx
Diaphragm function is crucial for patient outcome in the ICU setting and during the treatment period. The occurrence of an insufficiency of the respiratory pump, which is predominantly formed by the diaphragm, may result in intubation after failure of noninvasive ventilation. Especially patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are in danger of hypercapnic respiratory failure. Changes in biomechanical properties and fiber texture of the diaphragm are further cofactors directly leading to a need for intubation and mechanical ventilation...
October 20, 2016: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
Federico Antenora, Riccardo Fantini, Andrea Iattoni, Ivana Castaniere, Antonia Sdanganelli, Francesco Livrieri, Roberto Tonelli, Stefano Zona, Marco Monelli, Enrico M Clini, Alessandro Marchioni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The prevalence and clinical consequences of diaphragmatic dysfunction (DD) during acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) remain unknown. The aim of this study was (i) to evaluate the prevalence of DD as assessed by ultrasonography (US) and (ii) to report the impact of DD on non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) failure, length of hospital stay and mortality in severe AECOPD admitted to respiratory intensive care unit (RICU). METHODS: Forty-one consecutive AECOPD patients with respiratory acidosis admitted over a 12-month period to the RICU of the University Hospital of Modena were studied...
October 14, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Anu K Kaskinen, Laura Martelius, Turkka Kirjavainen, Paula Rautiainen, Sture Andersson, Olli M Pitkänen
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasounds show vertical artifacts known as B-lines in the presence of increased extravascular lung water (EVLW). We aimed to investigate whether lung ultrasound could estimate EVLW after congenital cardiac surgery. METHODS: This prospective observational study comprised 61 children (age range 3 days to 7.4 years) undergoing congenital cardiac surgery. We compared postoperative B-line scores from lung ultrasounds, early postoperative ultrasound as our primary interest, with corresponding postoperative chest radiography (CXR) lung edema scores, with static lung compliance, and with short-term clinical outcome interpreted as time on mechanical ventilation and length of pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) stay...
October 14, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Nada Aracic, Ivica Stipic, Ivana Jakus Alujevic, Petar Poljak, Mario Stipic
AIM: To evaluate the influence of cervical length (CL) and parity as prediction factors for assessment of cesarean section (CS) risk in women with premature rupture of membranes (PROM) at term and unfavorable cervix, undergoing induction of labor (IOL) with dinoprostone intracervical gel. METHODS: A prospective study involved 50 nulliparous and 51 multiparous women admitted for IOL. Pre-induction CL was measured and delivery outcomes were recorded. RESULTS: Nulliparous women were younger than the multiparous (26...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Yosuke Baba, Hironori Takahashi, Akihide Ohkuchi, Rie Usui, Shigeki Matsubara
AIM: During cesarean section (CS) for placenta previa (PP), the size/area/portion of the lower uterine segment occupied by the placenta may affect the bleeding amount and the subsequent need for a blood transfusion (BT). We propose a new concept, indiscernible edge total PP (IEPP), when vaginal ultrasound does not discern the lower placental edge because the placenta covers the visible lower segment. We characterized IEPP, focusing on its allogeneic BT requirement. METHODS: We classified PP (n = 307) into four types: marginal, partial, discernible edge total PP (DEPP) and IEPP: internal ostium (os)-placental edge distance measurable or unmeasurable on vaginal ultrasound in DEPP or IEPP, respectively...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Zhihua Lu, Qiuping Xu, Yuehua Yuan, Ge Zhang, Feng Guo, Huiqing Ge
BACKGROUND: Diaphragmatic dysfunction is often underdiagnosed and is among the risk factors for failed weaning. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of diaphragmatic dysfunction diagnosed by B-mode ultrasonography and to determine whether prolonged weaning subjects with diaphragmatic dysfunction have increased duration of mechanical ventilation compared with those without diaphragmatic dysfunction. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study in mechanically ventilated subjects who failed ≥3 spontaneous breathing trials or required >7 d of weaning after the first spontaneous breathing trial...
October 2016: Respiratory Care
Sebastián Fernández-Bussy, Gonzalo Labarca, Mario Lanza, Erik Folch, Adnan Majid
The use of thoracic ultrasound as a diagnostic tool in the emergency department, intensive care unit or in patients with pulmonary diseases is increasing steadily. It is used to guide percutaneous tracheostomies, to assess pleural effusions, to rule out pneumothorax, and to guide the placement of endovascular and pleural catheters. It is also useful in the assessment of patients with dyspnea. The aim of this review is to provide the practical and technical basics for the use of this diagnostic tool among internists and specialists in pulmonary diseases...
July 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
Mehdi Fathi, Azra Izanloo, Saeed Jahanbakhsh, Mehryar Taghavi Gilani, Ali Majidzadeh, Azam Sabri Benhangi, Naser Paravi
BACKGROUND: Central venous cannulation is a current and important procedure used in the operating room and intensive care unit. Some studies have shown that the application of ultrasound-guided cannulation can improve the success rate of surgery, save time, reduce the number of required needlesticks, and mitigate many complications compared to anatomical landmark-guided cannulation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to draw a comparison between central venous cannulation of the internal jugular vein using ultrasound-guided and anatomical landmark-guided techniques...
June 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Tahar Chouihed, Stéphane Manzo-Silberman, Nicolas Peschanski, Sandrine Charpentier, Meyer Elbaz, Dominique Savary, Eric Bonnefoy-Cudraz, Said Laribi, Patrick Henry, Nicolas Girerd, Faiez Zannad, Carlos El Khoury
BACKGROUND: An appropriate diagnostic process is crucial for managing patients with acute heart failure (AHF) in emergency department (ED). Our study aims to describe the characteristics and therapeutic management of patients admitted to the ED for dyspnea suspected to have AHF, their in-hospital pathway of care and their in-hospital outcome. METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted in 26 French ED for dyspnea suspected to be the consequence of AHF, prior to in hospital diagnostic test, were prospectively included at the time of their admission in the DeFSSICA Survey...
September 17, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Guotao Ma, Qi Miao, Xingrong Liu, Chaoji Zhang, Jianzhou Liu, Yuehong Zheng, Jiang Shao, Ninghai Cheng, Shunda Du, Zhan Hu, Zhinan Ren, Luxi Sun
Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) is a rare benign tumor. The study aimed to assess outcomes of patients treated surgically for IVL.Between November 2002 and January 2015, 76 patients were treated for IVL. The stage of IVL was evaluated preoperatively by echocardiography and enhanced computerized tomography (CT) scan, and graded into 4 stages according to intravascular tumor progression. We recorded age, lower limb edema before surgery, surgical parameters, and hospitalization expenses. Patients were followed up every 6 months and tumor recurrence was assessed by CT and ultrasound...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Maria Boddi, Adriano Peris
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) which includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) is a severe complication in critically ill patients generally affected by multiorgan disfunction associated with immobilization also prolonged.Nowadays, VTE prophylaxis is included in the requirements of hospital accreditation and evaluation of the maintenance of standards of quality of care. ICU patients are characterized by a dynamic day-to-day variation both of thromboembolic that bleeding risk and DVT incidence in presence of thromboprophylaxis ranges between 5 and 15 %...
September 15, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Amit Kumar Mittal, Namrata Gupta
In the era of evidence-based medicine, ultrasonography has emerged as an important and indispensable tool in clinical practice in various specialties including critical care. Lung ultrasound (LUS) has a wide potential in various surgical and clinical situations for timely and easy detection of an impending crisis such as pulmonary edema, endobronchial tube migration, pneumothorax, atelectasis, pleural effusion, and various other causes of desaturation before it clinically ensues to critical level. Although ultrasonography is frequently used in nerve blocks, airway handling, and vascular access, LUS for routine intraoperative monitoring and in crisis management still necessitates recognition...
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Massimo Zambon, Massimiliano Greco, Speranza Bocchino, Luca Cabrini, Paolo Federico Beccaria, Alberto Zangrillo
PURPOSE: Diaphragmatic dysfunction (DD) has a high incidence in critically ill patients and is an under-recognized cause of respiratory failure and prolonged weaning from mechanical ventilation. Among different methods to assess diaphragmatic function, diaphragm ultrasonography (DU) is noninvasive, rapid, and easy to perform at the bedside. We systematically reviewed the current literature assessing the usefulness and accuracy of DU in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: Pubmed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Embase, Scopus, and Google Scholar Databases were searched for pertinent studies...
September 12, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Radović V Saša, Lazovic Ranko, Crnogorac Snezana, Banjac Lidija, Suhih Djordje
BACKGROUND: Embryologically, duodenal atresia results from inadequate recanalisation and proliferation of gut epithelius in the 6th week of gestation, while apple-pee atresia of small bowel is a consequence of a vascular accident in subsequent embryonic development, and the two are rather rarely manifested as a joint clinical entity. CASE PRESENTATION: We present here a 29 week preterm boy admitted to the intensive care unit due to breathing difficulties and low birthweight...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To observe the occurrence rate of elevated serum amylase and lipase in critically ill children, to explore the relationship between elevated pancreatic enzymes and pancreatic injury, and the effect of elevated pancreatic enzymes on state of illness and the prognosis. METHOD: The data of cases treated in pediatric intensive care unit(ICU) of 17 children's hospitals were collected prospectively from January 2012 to March 2014 according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
September 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Mangala Narasimhan, Seth J Koenig, Paul H Mayo
Ultrasonography is an essential imaging modality in the ICU used to diagnose and guide the treatment of cardiopulmonary failure. Critical care ultrasonography requires that all image acquisition, image interpretation, and clinical applications of ultrasonography are personally performed by the critical care clinician at the point of care and that the information obtained is combined with the history, physical, and laboratory information. Point-of-care ultrasonography is often compartmentalized such that the clinician will focus on one body system while performing the critical care ultrasonography examination...
October 2016: Chest
Ajith John George, Shalini Nair, Jayanthi Chinnaiya Karthic, Mathew Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is thought to be less common in Asians than in Caucasian population. The incidence of DVT in high-risk groups, especially the neurosurgical (NS) patients, has not been well studied. This leaves no firm basis for the start of early prophylactic anticoagulation within first 5 postoperative days in Indian NS patients. This is a prospective observational study to determine the early occurrence of DVT in the NS patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We screened 137 consecutive high-risk NS patients based on inclusion and exclusion criteria...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Nils-Halvdan Morken, Rolv Skjaerven, Jennifer L Richards, Michael R Kramer, Sven Cnattingius, Stefan Johansson, Mika Gissler, Siobhan M Dolan, Jennifer Zeitlin, Michael S Kramer
BACKGROUND: Gestational age estimation by last menstrual period (LMP) vs. ultrasound (or best obstetric estimate in the US) may result in discrepant classification of preterm vs. term birth. We investigated whether such discrepancies are associated with adverse infant outcomes. METHODS: We studied singleton livebirths in the Medical Birth Registries of Norway, Sweden and Finland and US live birth certificates from 1999 to the most recent year available. Risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) by discordant and concordant gestational age estimation for infant, neonatal and post-neonatal mortality, Apgar score <4 and <7 at 5 min, and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission were estimated using generalised linear models, adjusting for maternal age, education, parity, year of birth, and infant sex...
August 23, 2016: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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