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Celia Seguin, Gilles Blaquière, Anderson Loundou, Pierre Michelet, Thibaut Markarian
BACKGROUND: Drowning literature have highlighted the submersion time as the most powerful predictor in assessing the prognosis. Reducing the time taken to provide a flotation device and prevent submersion appears of paramount importance. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) can provide the location of the swimmer and a flotation device. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this simulation study was to evaluate the efficiency of a UAV in providing a flotation device in different sea conditions, and to compare the times taken by rescue operations with and without a UAV (standard vs UAV intervention)...
April 10, 2018: Resuscitation
Zhenkun Wang, Chuanhua Yu, Henry Xiang, Gang Li, Songbo Hu, Jinhui Tang
The studies on drowning mortality are very scarce in China, and the aim of this study is to identify the long-term patterns of drowning mortality in China between 1990 and 2015 to provide evidence for further prevention and control on drowning. The mortality data were derived from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 and were analyzed with the age-period-cohort framework. This study demonstrated that the age-standardized mortality rates for drowning in both sexes displayed general declining trends with a decrease in the drowning mortality rate for every age group...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ana Catarina Queiroga, Jonathon Webber, Andrew C Schmidt, Justin R Sempsrott, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, Michael Tipton, David Szpilman
We read with great interest the recent paper by Cerland et al. on the frequency, nature, and consequences of post-drowning pneumonia[...].
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Susanne Mahmood Dyvesether, Merete Nordentoft, Julie Lyng Forman, Annette Erlangsen
INTRODUCTION: Major advances have been achieved in suicide prevention over the past decades. Effective suicide prevention requires vigilant monitoring of suicide trends. The aim of this study was to assess the change in the Danish suicide rate over time using joinpoint regression analysis and to examine the distribution of suicide methods in the 1980-2015 period. METHODS: Nationwide register data were obtained from the Central Research Register and the Danish Cause of Death Register...
April 2018: Danish Medical Journal
Florian Arendt
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates increased substantially in many countries during the 19th century. Little is known about news coverage on suicide in this period and its relationship to suicide rates. AIMS: To test whether there was a covariation between the quantity of reporting and suicide rates and whether the press relied on sensational reporting. METHOD: A content analysis of Austrian news coverage between 1819 and 1944 was conducted and compared with contemporary findings...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
Holly Hedegaard, Michael Schoenbaum, Cynthia Claassen, Alex Crosby, Kristin Holland, Scott Proescholdbell
Suicide and intentional self-harm are among the leading causes of death in the United States. To study this public health issue, epidemiologists and researchers often analyze data coded using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Prior to October 1, 2015, health care organizations and providers used the clinical modification of the Ninth Revision of ICD (ICD-9-CM) to report medical information in electronic claims data. The transition in October 2015 to use of the clinical modification of the Tenth Revision of ICD (ICD-10-CM) resulted in the need to update methods and selection criteria previously developed for ICD-9-CM coded data...
February 2018: National Health Statistics Reports
Richard C Franklin, Amy E Peden, John H Pearn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Elaine Erasmus, Cleeve Robertson, Daniel Jacobus van Hoving
BACKGROUND: Injuries remain a major contributor of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with drowning accounting for 7% of all injury-related deaths with rates of between 4 and 8 per 100,000. The African region has death rates comparable to most low-income countries. Non-fatal drowning in Africa remains unquantified but it is estimated to be ten times higher than the fatal drowning rate. Timely search and rescue, initial resuscitation and rapid transportation to definitive care play a crucial role in preventing injury- related morbidity and mortality...
2018: International Maritime Health
Kyungmoo Yang, Byung Ha Choi, Bongwoo Lee, Seong Ho Yoo
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic criteria for bathtub drownings are not standardized, and the risk factors associated with bath-related deaths are unclear. METHODS: We analyzed a Korean nationwide database of bath-related deaths that occurred between January 2008 and December 2015. Eighty-four cases were enrolled after reviewing 31,123 autopsy records. RESULTS: The subjects' ages ranged from 18 to 91 years, with a mean age ± standard deviation of 61...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Qingfeng Li, Olakunle Alonge, Collene Lawhorn, Yirga Ambaw, Smita Kumar, Troy Jacobs, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Heavy burden of child injuries and lack of policy response in Ethiopia call for an improved understanding of the situation and development of action plans from multiple governmental agencies and stakeholders. METHODS: A consortium of international and Ethiopian researchers and stakeholders used extensive literature review and mixed analytical methods to estimate and project the burden of fatal and non-fatal child unintentional injuries in Ethiopia from 2015 to 2030...
2018: PloS One
J Zhao, L W Xu, X D Kang, H Shi, C Liu, S L Hu, X Y Yang, Q Y Xu, J D Cheng, M Ai
The bodies found in water are one of the most common types in forensic practice. The discovery site of the body is often not the drowning site. However, the determination of drowning site is vital for the identification of victim. Inorganic particles and planktons, such as granular impurities, diatoms and bacteria, are valuable markers for the diagnosis of drowning. By comparing the granular impurities and planktons in tissues and suspicious drowning mediums, the drowning site can be concluded based on their similarity of types and distribution, which has practical applied value...
February 2018: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
Stephanie Enkel, Lauren Nimmo, Jonine Jancey, Justine Leavy
BACKGROUND: Leavers Festivals have become an institution for Australian youth to celebrate the completion of secondary school. Reported hazardous consumption of alcohol by leavers has focused concern on risk-taking behaviour. In response to this, campaigns such as "Don't Drink and Drown" have targeted youth to reduce alcohol consumption during aquatic activities. This research investigated intended and actual alcohol consumption, particularly during aquatic activities at a Leavers Festival located in the coastal town of Dunsborough, southern Western Australia...
March 2, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Maria Patricia Manglick, Frank I Ross, Mary-Clare Waugh, Andrew J A Holland, Daniel T Cass, Soundappan S V Soundappan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate long-term neurocognitive outcomes after a near-drowning incident in children who were deemed neurologically intact on discharge from hospital. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study of near-drowning children. SETTING: 95 drowning and near-drowning admissions, 0-16 years of age, from January 2009 to December 2013, to The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, NSW, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 23 children both met the criteria and had parental consent for the study...
March 23, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Mehmet Dokur, Emine Petekkaya, Mehmet Karadağ
BACKGROUND: The incidence of taking selfies and sharing them on social media as well as selfie-related behaviors is increasing, particularly among young people, possible leading to selfie-related trauma. Therefore, we performed this clinical study to draw attention to selfie-related injuries and deaths. METHODS: We analyzed 159 selfie victims from 111 events or accidents, which were reported in the media sources. We evaluated vital results, demography, rhythmicity, preferences, event or accident types, selfie-related risk factors, affected body regions of victims with causes of injury, and death...
March 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Allart M Venema, Anthony R Absalom, Ahamed H Idris, Joost J L M Bierens
BACKGROUND: The Utstein style for drowning (USFD) was published in 2003 with the aim of improving drowning research. To support a revision of the USFD, the current study aimed to generate an inventory of the use of the USFD parameters and compare the findings of the publications that have used the USFD. METHODS: A search in Pubmed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Scopus was performed to identify studies that used the USFD and were published between 01-10-2003 and 22-03-2015...
March 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Jaseena Nadu Veetil, Vijayan Ampaya Parambath, Bijayraj Rajanbabu, Sangeetha Suresh
Context: Drowning is a major, but often neglected, public health problem. Drowning is the second leading cause of death from unintentional injuries, after road traffic injuries. According to the World Health Organization, 0.7% of all deaths worldwide (>500,000 deaths) each year are due to unintentional drowning. In India, very little is known about the epidemiology of drowning. There is almost no awareness or protocols to prevent drowning. Objectives: The objective is to study the prevalence, risk factors, and types of drowning among school children in the Malabar region...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Jeremy W Cannon, Lucas P Neff, Heather F Pidcoke, James K Aden, Philip C Spinella, Michael A Johnson, Andrew P Cap, Matthew A Borgman
BACKGROUND: Hemostatic resuscitation principles have significantly changed adult trauma resuscitation over the past decade. Practice patterns in pediatric resuscitation likely have changed as well; however, this evolution has not been quantified. We evaluated pediatric resuscitation practices over time within a combat trauma system. METHODS: The Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DoDTR) was queried from 2001-2013 for pediatric patients (<18 years). Patients with burns, drowning, and missing injury severity score (ISS) were excluded...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Evgeny V Yan, Rolf G Beutel, John F Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Gyrinidae are a charismatic group of highly specialized beetles, adapted for a unique lifestyle of swimming on the water surface. They prey on drowning insects and other small arthropods caught in the surface film. Studies based on morphological and molecular data suggest that gyrinids were the first branch splitting off in Adephaga, the second largest suborder of beetles. Despite its basal position within this lineage and a very peculiar morphology, earliest Gyrinidae were recorded not earlier than from the Upper Triassic...
March 16, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Katie Conover, Sarah Romero
Drowning contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population but it is largely preventable through judicious use of safety measures. To affect outcomes surrounding drowning, pediatricians need to understand the most updated terminology, the basic resuscitation protocols, and the assessment and management of a drowning victim. Most importantly, pediatricians must appreciate the importance of properly counseling patients and families about drowning prevention. Effective preventive measures supported by the literature include constant and reliable adult supervision, swim instruction for most children older than age 4 years, pool isolation fencing, and the proper use of personal floatation devices...
March 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Kerdalidec Candy, Sophie Brun, Patrick Nicolas, Rémy Durand, Remi N Charrel, Arezki Izri
Chemical, physical, and mechanical methods are used to control human lice. Attempts have been made to eradicate head lice Pediculus humanus capitis by hot air, soaking in various fluids or asphyxiation using occlusive treatments. In this study, we assessed the maximum time that head lice can survive anoxia (oxygen deprivation) and their ability to survive prolonged water immersion. We also observed the ingress of fluids across louse tracheae and spiracle characteristics contrasting with those described in the literature...
2018: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
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