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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097647/microbiota-composition-and-pulmonary-surfactant-protein-expression-as-markers-of-death-by-drowning
#1
So-Yeon Lee, Seung-Kyun Woo, So-Min Lee, Eun-Ju Ha, Kyoung-Hee Lim, Kyung-Hwa Choi, Young-Hee Roh, Yong-Bin Eom
Pathological diagnosis of drowning remains a challenge for forensic science, because of a lack of pathognomonic findings. We analyzed microbiota and surfactant protein in the lungs for a novel diagnosis of drowning. All rats were divided into drowning, postmortem submersion, and control groups. The water, lungs, closed organs (kidney and liver), and cardiac blood in rats were assayed by targeting 16S ribosomal RNA of Miseq sequencing. Lung samples were analyzed by immunohistochemical staining for surfactant protein A...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076399/epidemiology-of-injury-related-death-in-children-under-5-years-of-age-in-hunan-province-china-2009-2014
#2
Xiong Lili, He Jian, Li Liping, Liu Zhiyu, Wang Hua
BACKGROUND: Injury is an important cause of childhood mortality in China. We described the epidemiology and trends of injury-related deaths of children <5 years of age in Hunan province, and discussed several policy implications. METHODS: Injury-related deaths of children <5 years of age in 2009-2014 were identified from surveillance data. All specific injury mortality and mortality rates in urban and rural area were calculated from census data; Cochran-armitage trend test was used to assess the time trends...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064088/asylum-seekers-alleging-torture-in-their-countries-evaluation-of-a-french-center
#3
Renaud Clément, David Lebossé, Lucia Barrios, Olivier Rodat
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 6-year period, 570 survivors gave consent to this study and were examined by forensic medical doctors in academic French hospital. They evaluated with the aim of cataloguing the physical evidence of torture. Sociological data, declared violence (single physical altercation, repeated physical violence less than one year or more than one year, incarceration not more than one week or more than 1 week), and method of violence (blows by blunt object, crushing, burns, electrical shocks, attempted drowning, smothering, incision, or gunshot) were studied...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063032/erratum-to-evaluation-of-two-methods-for-the-use-of-diatoms-in-drowning-cases
#4
Nadia Fucci, Vincenzo L Pascali, Camilla Puccinelli, Stefania Marcheggiani, Laura Mancini, Daniela Marchetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051972/characteristics-classification-and-prevention-of-child-maltreatment-fatalities
#5
James E McCarroll, Joscelyn E Fisher, Stephen J Cozza, Renè J Robichaux, Carol S Fullerton
BACKGROUND: Preventing child maltreatment fatalities is a critical goal of the U.S. society and the military services. Fatality review boards further this goal through the analysis of circumstances of child deaths, making recommendations for improvements in practices and policies, and promoting increased cooperation among the many systems that serve families. The purpose of this article is to review types of child maltreatment death, proposed classification models, risk and protective factors, and prevention strategies...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051962/drowning-deaths-from-unsupervised-breath-holding-separating-necessary-training-from-unwarranted-risk
#6
Jordan D Lane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050894/patients-with-preexisting-psychiatric-disorders-admitted-to-icu-a-descriptive-and-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Arnaud Gacouin, Adel Maamar, Pierre Fillatre, Emmanuelle Sylvestre, Margaux Dolan, Yves Le Tulzo, Jean Marc Tadié
BACKGROUND: While the psychiatric disorders are conditions frequently encountered in hospitalized patients, there are little or no data regarding the characteristics and short- and long-term outcomes in patients with preexisting psychiatric disorders in ICU. Such assessment may provide the opportunity to determine the respective impact on mortality in the ICU and after ICU discharge with reasons for admission, including modalities of self-harm, of underlying psychiatric disorders and prior psychoactive medications...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018997/an-overview-of-geospatial-methods-used-in-unintentional-injury-epidemiology
#8
REVIEW
Himalaya Singh, Lauren V Fortington, Helen Thompson, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: Injuries are a leading cause of death and disability around the world. Injury incidence is often associated with socio-economic and physical environmental factors. The application of geospatial methods has been recognised as important to gain greater understanding of the complex nature of injury and the associated diverse range of geographically-diverse risk factors. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to provide an overview of geospatial methods applied in unintentional injury epidemiological studies...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012128/death-of-a-seven-month-old-child-in-a-washing-machine-a-case-report
#9
Antonio Osculati, Silvia Damiana Visonà, Laura Re, Marta Sozzi, Francesca Castelli, Luisa Andrello, Claudia Vignali
The authors present a case which brings out a unique modality of child homicide by placing the baby in a washing machine and turning it on. The murder was perpetrated by the baby's mother, who suffered from a serious depressive disorder. A postmortem RX and then a forensic autopsy were performed, followed by histologic examinations and toxicology. On the basis of the results of the autopsy, as well as the histology and the negative toxicological data, the cause of death was identified as acute asphyxia. This diagnosis was rendered in light of the absence of other causes of death, as well as the presence of typical signs of asphyxia, such as epicardial and pleural petechiae and, above all, the microscopic examinations, which pointed out a massive acute pulmonary emphysema...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011321/cuticular-body-hairs-mediate-clumping-of-small-camponotus-floridanus-larvae
#10
Yiwen Wang, Renata Zuber, Annette Laudahn, Jürgen Berger, Bernard Moussian
The body surface of insects usually carries cuticular hairs. Commonly, important functions of these structures are to prevent drowning and to defend against predators. Here, we report on our studies on hairs at the surface of larvae of the ant species Camponotus floridanus and Camponotus sericeiventris. First, we present data supporting the hypothesis that anti-drowning properties of the surface might rely on cuticular hairs. Second, we show that especially in young larvae body hairs serve as attachment and interlocking devices mediating clumping of larvae facilitating transport by workers...
December 20, 2016: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005303/radiographic-appearance-of-presumed-noncardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-and-correlation-with-the-underlying-cause-in-dogs-and-cats
#11
Sarah Bouyssou, Swan Specchi, Loïc Desquilbet, Pascaline Pey
Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema is an important cause of respiratory disease in dogs and cats but few reports describe its radiographic appearance. The purpose of this retrospective case series study was to describe radiographic findings in a large cohort of dogs and cats with presumed noncardiogenic pulmonary edema and to test associations among radiographic findings versus cause of edema. Medical records were retrieved for dogs and cats with presumed noncardiogenic edema based on history, radiographic findings, and outcome...
December 22, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998605/invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis-after-near-drowning
#12
Guido Tavazzi, Gabriele Via, Federico Capra Marzani, Francesco Mojoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988968/premature-mortality-of-epilepsy-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-from-the-mortality-task-force-of-the-international-league-against-epilepsy
#13
REVIEW
Francis Levira, David J Thurman, Josemir W Sander, W Allen Hauser, Dale C Hesdorffer, Honorati Masanja, Peter Odermatt, Giancarlo Logroscino, Charles R Newton
To determine the magnitude of risk factors and causes of premature mortality associated with epilepsy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We conducted a systematic search of the literature reporting mortality and epilepsy in the World Bank-defined LMICs. We assessed the quality of the studies based on representativeness; ascertainment of cases, diagnosis, and mortality; and extracted data on standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and mortality rates in people with epilepsy. We examined risk factors and causes of death...
January 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982758/burst-suppression-in-hypothermia-after-cardiac-arrest-because-of-drowning-treated-with-targeted-temperature-management-a-case-report
#14
Tomoya Okazaki, Toru Hifumi, Satoshi Egawa, Hideyuki Hamaya, Natsuyo Shinohara, Shohei Kawamoto, Takuma Iwaki, Kohei Tsukahara, Kenya Kawakita, Takashi Kusaka, Yasuhiro Kuroda
Outcomes of cardiac arrest (CA) because of drowning in children are generally poor, but some reports show that cases with post-CA hypothermia because of drowning exhibit good recovery when treated with targeted temperature management (TTM). However, because electroencephalogram (EEG) findings are not reported in those cases, a complete examination of brain damage has not been performed during TTM. Here we report a case of a 15-month-old boy with post-CA hypothermia recovery after treating with TTM, along with EEG findings...
December 16, 2016: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966205/increasing-the-probability-of-surviving-loss-of-consciousness-underwater-when-using-a-rebreather
#15
REVIEW
Paul Haynes
Re-circulating underwater breathing apparatus (rebreathers) have become increasingly popular amongst sport divers. In comparison to open-circuit scuba, rebreathers are complex life support equipment that incorporates many inherent failure modes and potential for human error. This individually or in combination can lead to an inappropriate breathing gas. Analysis of rebreather diving incidents suggests that inappropriate breathing gas is the most prevalent disabling agent. This can result in spontaneous loss of consciousness (LoC), water aspiration and drowning...
December 2016: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942570/a-systematic-databasing-of-diatoms-from-different-geographical-localities-and-sites-of-haryana-for-advancing-validation-of-forensic-diatomology
#16
Ekta Saini, V P Khanagwal, Rajvinder Singh
Verdict on tracing exact place of drowning is a part of medico-legal investigation. This question often stands when circumstances remain unclear about true drowning place. Usually, when a dead body rises from the bottom of drowning site, it will appear near to the point where it had actually disappeared but rapid current may carry a body to real distance from the exact place of death before any major obstruction. Forensic methodology has suggested qualitative as well as quantitative comparison of diatoms recovered in dead body and reference water samples to corroborate drowning as cause of death and locating precise place of drowning...
February 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928974/mortality-at-music-festivals-academic-and-grey-literature-for-case-finding
#17
Sheila A Turris, Adam Lund
OBJECTIVE: Deaths at music festivals are not infrequently reported in the media; however, the true mortality burden is difficult to determine as the deaths are not yet systematically documented in the academic literature. METHODS: This was a literature search for case examples using academic and gray literature sources, employing both retrospective and prospective searches of media sources from 1999-2014. RESULTS: The gray literature documents a total of 722 deaths, including traumatic (594/722; 82%) and non-traumatic (128/722; 18%) causes...
December 8, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918851/influence-of-a-100-m-simulated-in-water-rescue-on-cardiopulmonary-parameters
#18
Ana Sousa, Ricardo J Fernandes, Núria Rodríguez, J Arturo Abraldes
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) after a drowning episode is performed under fatigue conditions. However, the characterization of CPR in this context is still unknown. Our purpose was to investigate the effect of a 100-m simulated in-water rescue on CPR and physiological parameters in trained certified lifeguards. METHODS: Thirty trained certified lifeguards (age 24.6 ± 3.8 yrs; height 178.2 ± 7.4 cm and weight 76.9 ± 10.6 kg) completed two protocols using an adult manikin: (i) 4-min CPR after 4-min baseline conditions (CPR), and (ii) 4-min CPR after a 100-m simulated in-water rescue in the sea (CPR Rescue), both with a compression-ventilation ratio of 30:2...
December 5, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916443/extracorporeal-life-support-use-in-pediatric-trauma-a-review-of-the-national-trauma-data-bank
#19
Joshua A Watson, Brian R Englum, Jina Kim, Obinna O Adibe, Henry E Rice, Mark L Shapiro, Mani A Daneshmand, Elisabeth T Tracy
PURPOSE: As the role of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) continues to evolve in the adult and pediatric populations, smaller studies and case reports have described successful use of ECLS in specific groups of pediatric trauma patients. To further define the role of ECLS in pediatric trauma, we examined indications and outcomes for use of ECLS in injured children using a large national database. METHODS: All trauma patients ≤18years old were identified from the 2007 to 2011 National Trauma Data Bank...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914232/resuscitation-attempts-and-duration-in-traumatic-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#20
Ben Beck, Janet E Bray, Peter Cameron, Lahn Straney, Emily Andrew, Stephen Bernard, Karen Smith
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to understand factors associated with paramedics' decision to attempt resuscitation in traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and to characterise resuscitation attempts ≤10min in patients who die at the scene. METHODS: The Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry (VACAR) was used to identify all cases of traumatic OHCA between July 2008 and June 2014. We excluded cases <16 years of age or with a mechanism of hanging or drowning...
February 2017: Resuscitation
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