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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632035/a-comprehensive-study-of-worldwide-selfie-related-accidental-mortality-a-growing-problem-of-the-modern-society
#1
Mohit J Jain, Kinjal J Mavani
Since Oxford dictionary has described 'Selfie', selfie deaths have received a fair amount of coverage but the extent of the problem and the data behind it have not been appropriately explored. The aim of our study is to obtain epidemiological characteristics of selfie-related mortality worldwide with the objective of providing an insight to 'Why selfie', 'Why risky', 'Psychological basis' and 'measures of control.' Despite thousands of web pages, very few scientific articles are available in medical journals...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630330/annual-mass-drownings-of-the-serengeti-wildebeest-migration-influence-nutrient-cycling-and-storage-in-the-mara-river
#2
Amanda L Subalusky, Christopher L Dutton, Emma J Rosi, David M Post
The annual migration of ∼1.2 million wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus) through the Serengeti Mara Ecosystem is the largest remaining overland migration in the world. One of the most iconic portions of their migration is crossing of the Mara River, during which thousands drown annually. These mass drownings have been noted, but their frequency, size, and impact on aquatic ecosystems have not been quantified. Here, we estimate the frequency and size of mass drownings in the Mara River and model the fate of carcass nutrients through the river ecosystem...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615276/bluehealth-a-study-programme-protocol-for-mapping-and-quantifying-the-potential-benefits-to-public-health-and-well-being-from-europe-s-blue-spaces
#3
James Grellier, Mathew P White, Maria Albin, Simon Bell, Lewis R Elliott, Mireia Gascón, Silvio Gualdi, Laura Mancini, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Denis A Sarigiannis, Matilda van den Bosch, Tanja Wolf, Susanne Wuijts, Lora E Fleming
INTRODUCTION: Proximity and access to water have long been central to human culture and accordingly deliver countless societal benefits. Over 200 million people live on Europe's coastline, and aquatic environments are the top recreational destination in the region. In terms of public health, interactions with 'blue space' (eg, coasts, rivers, lakes) are often considered solely in terms of risk (eg, drowning, microbial pollution). Exposure to blue space can, however, promote health and well-being and prevent disease, although underlying mechanisms are poorly understood...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598405/design-and-validation-of-a-breathing-detection-system-for-scuba-divers
#4
Corentin Altepe, S Murat Egi, Tamer Ozyigit, D Ruzgar Sinoplu, Alessandro Marroni, Paola Pierleoni
Drowning is the major cause of death in self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) diving. This study proposes an embedded system with a live and light-weight algorithm which detects the breathing of divers through the analysis of the intermediate pressure (IP) signal of the SCUBA regulator. A system composed mainly of two pressure sensors and a low-power microcontroller was designed and programmed to record the pressure sensors signals and provide alarms in absence of breathing. An algorithm was developed to analyze the signals and identify inhalation events of the diver...
June 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587319/seawater-drowning-induced-acute-lung-injury-from-molecular-mechanisms-to-potential-treatments
#5
Faguang Jin, Congcong Li
Drowning is a crucial public safety problem and is the third leading cause of accidental fatality, claiming ~372,000 lives annually, worldwide. In near-drowning patients, acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is one of the most common complications. Approximately 1/3 of near-drowning patients fulfill the criteria for ALI or ARDS. In the present article, the current literature of near-drowning, pathophysiologic changes and the molecular mechanisms of seawater-drowning-induced ALI and ARDS was reviewed...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570829/therapeutic-hypothermia-for-asphyxial-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-due-to-drowning-a-systematic-review-of-case-series-and-case-reports
#6
Kai-Fung Kevin Suen, Reynold Leung, Ling-Pong Leung
The objective of this review was to summarize published evidence of the effectiveness of therapeutic hypothermia in patients with drowning-associated asphyxial out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and to explore any preliminary favorable factors in the management of therapeutic hypothermia to improve survival and neurological outcome. Drowning may result in asphyxial OHCA or hypothermic OHCA, but the former does not provide any potential neuroprotective effect as the latter may do. Electronic literature searches of Ovid Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Scopus were performed for all years from inception to July 2016...
June 1, 2017: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558673/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-a-geo-specific-poster-compared-to-a-general-poster-for-effecting-change-in-perceived-threat-and-intention-to-avoid-drowning-hotspots-among-children-of-migrant-workers-evidence-from-ningbo-china
#7
Yinchao Zhu, Xiaoqi Feng, Hui Li, Yaqin Huang, Jieping Chen, Guozhang Xu
BACKGROUND: Drowning among children of migrant workers is a major, though neglected public health issue in China. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was used to examine the potential impact of viewing a preventive health poster with/without geo-located drowning events on perceptions of drowning risk among Chinese migrant children. A total of 752 children from three schools in Jiangbei district were selected by multi-stage sampling and randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 380) or control (n = 372)...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550896/pediatric-near-drowning-events-do-they-warrant-trauma-team-activation
#8
Pranit N Chotai, Lisa Manning, Benjamin Eithun, Joshua C Ross, James W Eubanks, Chad Hamner, Ankush Gosain
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of traumatic injuries, factors associated with mortality, and need for pediatric trauma surgery involvement for drowning and near-drowning events in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An institutional review board-approved, retrospective chart review was performed at three American College of Surgeons-verified Pediatric Trauma Centers (2011-2014). Patients with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, codes or E-codes for fatal-nonfatal drowning, fall into water, accidental drowning, or submersion were included...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531323/effect-of-chemical-ratios-of-a-microbial-based-feeding-attractant-on-trap-catch-of-drosophila-suzukii-diptera-drosophilidae
#9
Dong H Cha, Peter J Landolt, Todd B Adams
Drosophila suzukii Matsumura, spotted wing drosophila, can be trapped with a feeding attractant based on wine and vinegar volatiles and consisting of acetic acid, ethanol, acetoin, and methionol. Using that four-component blend, we found that the catch of spotted wing drosophila increased with increases in the release rate of acetoin (from 0.5 mg/d to 34 mg/d) from polyethylene sachet dispensers, and with increases in the concentrations of acetic acid (from 0.25% to 4%) or ethanol (from 0.08% to 2%) when dispensed in the trap drowning solution...
May 22, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529716/epidemiology-of-adulthood-drowning-deaths-in-bangladesh-findings-from-a-nationwide-health-and-injury-survey
#10
Mohammad Jahangir Hossain, Animesh Biswas, Saidur Rahman Mashreky, Fazlur Rahman, Aminur Rahman
Background: Annual global death due to drowning accounts for 372,000 lives, 90% of which occur in low and middle income countries. Life in Bangladesh exposes adults and children to may water bodies for daily household needs, and as a result drowning is common. In Bangladesh, due to lack of systemic data collection, drowning among adults is unknown; most research is focused on childhood drowning. The aim of the present study was to explore the epidemiology of adulthood drowning deaths in Bangladesh. Methodology: A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted from January to December in 2003 among 171,366 rural and urban households, with a sample of 819,429 individuals to determine the epidemiology of adulthood drowning in Bangladesh...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522657/near-drowning-in-a-48-year-old-man
#11
Kirsty McDowell, David Carrick, Robin Weir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521790/unintentional-drowning-role-of-medicinal-drugs-and-alcohol
#12
Tuulia Pajunen, Erkki Vuori, Frank F Vincenzi, Pirjo Lillsunde, Gordon Smith, Philippe Lunetta
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is a well-known risk factor in unintentional drownings. Whereas psychotropic drugs, like alcohol, may cause psychomotor impairment and affect cognition, no detailed studies have focused on their association with drowning. Finland provides extensive post-mortem toxicological data for studies on drowning because of its high medico-legal autopsy rates. METHODS: Drowning cases, 2000 through 2009, for which post-mortem toxicological analysis was performed, came from the database of the Toxicological Laboratory, Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, using the ICD-10 nature-of-injury code T75...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515606/gender-based-assessment-of-survival-in-trauma-hemorrhagic-shock-a-retrospective-analysis-of-indian-population
#13
Pankaj Verma, Sanjeev Bhoi, Upendra Baitha, Tej Prakash Sinha, Prakash Ranjan Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Trauma-hemorrhagic shock (THS) is a leading cause of death. Female rats and women experience better outcomes in terms of survival after major trauma as compared to males. There are limited data in Indian population. Authors studied the gender-based outcome of patients with Class IV hemorrhagic shock due to blunt trauma and the distribution of factors among males and females which are known to affect outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a retrospective study with data of trauma victims between January 2008 and July 2013...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513436/drowning-a-silent-killer
#14
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511737/suicide-in-older-adults-differences-between-the-young-old-middle-old-and-oldest-old
#15
Yu Wen Koo, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: In the limited research into suicides in older adults, they have been treated as a homogenous group without distinguishing between different age groups. This study aimed to compare differences in sociodemographic variables, recent life events, and mental and physical illnesses between three age groups within older adults who died by suicide: young-old (65-74 years), middle-old (75-84 years), and oldest old (85 years and over) in Queensland, Australia, during the years 2000-2012 (N = 978)...
May 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498968/the-involvement-of-alcohol-in-hospital-treated-self-harm-and-associated-factors-findings-from-two-national-registries
#16
Eve Griffin, Ella Arensman, Ivan J Perry, Brendan Bonner, Denise O'Hagan, Caroline Daly, Paul Corcoran
Background: Alcohol is often involved in hospital-treated self-harm. Therefore it is important to establish the role of alcohol in self-harm as well as to identify associated factors, in order to best inform service provision. Methods: Data on self-harm presentations to hospital emergency departments in Ireland and Northern Ireland from April 2012 to December 2013 were analysed. We calculated the prevalence of alcohol consumption in self-harm. Using Poisson regression models, we identified the factors associated with having consumed alcohol at the time of a self-harm act...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497204/the-biology-and-the-importance-of-photobacterium-species
#17
REVIEW
Ibrahim Musa Moi, Noordiyanah Nadhirah Roslan, Adam Thean Chor Leow, Mohd Shukuri Mohamad Ali, Raja Noor Zaliha Raja Abd Rahman, Azam Rahimpour, Suriana Sabri
Photobacterium species are Gram-negative coccobacilli which are distributed in marine habitats worldwide. Some species are unique because of their capability to produce luminescence. Taxonomically, about 23 species and 2 subspecies are validated to date. Genomes from a few Photobacterium spp. have been sequenced and studied. They are considered a special group of bacteria because some species are capable of producing essential polyunsaturated fatty acids, antibacterial compounds, lipases, esterases and asparaginases...
May 11, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494896/occupational-stress-of-anesthesia-effects-on-aging
#18
Ola M Zanaty, Shahira El Metainy, Rania Abdelmaksoud, Hala Demerdash, Doaa Abo Aliaa, Heba Abo El Wafa
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiology has been identified as a stressful specialty. Chronic psychological stress may lead to biological aging and skin aging. STUDY OBJECTIVE: The primary outcome was to measure physical health and emotional well-being. Secondary outcomes include skin aging analysis, telomere shortening in anesthetists. DESIGN: This is a prospective observational study. SETTINGS: University of Alexandria. PATIENTS: Study was carried out on 366 ASA I-II physicians 30-50yr...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492502/caregiver-supervision-practices-and-risk-of-childhood-unintentional-injury-mortality-in-bangladesh
#19
Khaula Khatlani, Olakunle Alonge, Aminur Rahman, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Al-Amin Bhuiyan, Priyanka Agrawal, Fazlur Rahman
Unintentional injury-related mortality rate, including drowning among children under five, is disproportionately higher in low- and middle-income countries. The evidence links lapse of supervision with childhood unintentional injury deaths. We determined the relationship between caregiver supervision and unintentional injury mortality among children under five in rural Bangladesh. We conducted a nested, matched, case-control study within the cohort of a large-scale drowning prevention project in Bangladesh, "SOLID-Saving of Children's Lives from Drowning"...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489819/predictive-compound-accumulation-rules-yield-a-broad-spectrum-antibiotic
#20
Michelle F Richter, Bryon S Drown, Andrew P Riley, Alfredo Garcia, Tomohiro Shirai, Riley L Svec, Paul J Hergenrother
Most small molecules are unable to rapidly traverse the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria and accumulate inside these cells, making the discovery of much-needed drugs against these pathogens challenging. Current understanding of the physicochemical properties that dictate small-molecule accumulation in Gram-negative bacteria is largely based on retrospective analyses of antibacterial agents, which suggest that polarity and molecular weight are key factors. Here we assess the ability of over 180 diverse compounds to accumulate in Escherichia coli...
May 18, 2017: Nature
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