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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036993/-study-on-the-disease-burden-of-chinese-adolescent-in-2015
#1
R B Xu, D Y Jin, Y Song, X J Wang, Y H Dong, Z G Yang, Y J Chen, J Ma
Objective: To discuss the main causes and risk factors of disability and death among current Chinese adolescents. Methods: Subnational data of China from Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015) was used to rank the causes and risk factors leading to death and disability adjusted life years (DALY) in Chinese adolescents aged between 10 and 19 years old, and thereby to analyze the main cauese and risk factors of death and DALY among Chinese adolescents in different genders. Results: In 2015, among Chinese adolescents aged 10-19 years old, the total DALY was 13 million 490 thousand years, and the total number of deaths was 63 258 cases...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025396/a-description-of-the-gross-pathology-of-drowning-and-other-causes-of-mortality-in-seabirds
#2
Victor R Simpson, David N Fisher
BACKGROUND: Mortality of seabirds due to anthropogenic causes, especially entrapment in fishing gear, is a matter of increasing international concern. This study aimed at characterising the gross pathology of seabirds that drowned in fishing nets and comparing it with that in other common causes of mortality. RESULTS: Post-mortem examinations were performed on 103 common guillemots, 32 razorbills, 37 shags and 5 great northern divers found stranded in Cornwall during 1981-2016...
October 12, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019627/dry-drowning-myths-and-misconceptions
#3
M Denise Dowd
Drowning is a leading cause of death in children and is highly preventable. More than 10 people die of drowning in the United States each day, most of them adults. Rates of drowning are highest in children given their developmental vulnerabilities. Drowning incidents that result in cardiopulmonary arrest have a straightforward emergency clinical response, but the management approaches to the more common scenario of brief, nonfatal submersion is less clear. Clinicians must make clinical-care decisions based on evidence to provide safe and effective care in a timely manner and to help families avoid unnecessary anxiety...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018039/the-ocean-lifeguard-drowning-prevention-paradigm-how-and-where-do-lifeguards-intervene-in-the-drowning-process
#4
William Koon, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Linda Quan
Drowning is a global health problem that can be addressed with multiple strategies including utilisation of lifeguards in recreational swim areas. However, few studies have described lifeguard prevention activities. We conducted a retrospective analysis using lifeguard activity data collected in real time with a Computer-Aided-Dispatch (CAD) system to characterise the nature of lifeguard primary and secondary drowning prevention at a popular ocean beach in California. Preventative actions constituted the majority (232 065/423 071; 54...
October 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988190/the-outcome-of-patients-in-traumatic-cardiac-arrest-presenting-to-deployed-military-medical-treatment-facilities-data-from-the-uk-joint-theatre-trauma-registry
#5
Ed B G Barnard, P A F Hunt, P E H Lewis, J E Smith
BACKGROUND: The UK military was continuously engaged in armed conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan between 2003 and 2014, resulting in 629 UK fatalities. Traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) is a precursor to traumatic death, but data on military outcomes are limited. In order to better inform military treatment protocols, the aim of this study was to define the epidemiology of TCA in the military population with a particular focus on survival rates and injury patterns. METHODS: A retrospective database analysis of the UK Joint Theatre Trauma Registry was undertaken...
October 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979750/epidemiology-of-special-incidents-results-from-national-mortality-and-morbidity-registry-and-the-associated-factors-in-iran-in-2014
#6
Javad Bazeli, Aidin Aryankhesal, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
BACKGROUND: Special incidents are harmful events that can result in people's death or injury. Despite registering special incidents' data in Iran, no study has yet been conducted to identify the types, rates, mortality and morbidity of such incidents and their associated factors. The present study was conducted to assess the epidemiology of incidents and their associated factors during 2014 in Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all special incidents of 2014 were examined...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967810/scuba-diving-death-always-due-to-drowning-two-forensic-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
I Aquila, F Pepe, M Manno, P Frati, S Gratteri, V Fineschi, P Ricci
Scuba diving is an increasingly common recreational activity. We describe the physiopathology of barotrauma in two cases where death was caused by pulmonary barotrauma while diving. An inspection and autopsy were carried out in both cases. The autopsy data were supported by post-mortem radiological investigation. Histological and toxicological analyses were also carried out, and dive computer and tank manometer analysis performed. In both cases, the cause of death was attributable to arterial gas embolism, resulting from pulmonary barotrauma subsequent to pulmonary over-distension...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963636/persistence-of-dna-on-clothes-after-exposure-to-water-for-different-time-periods-a-study-on-bathtub-pond-and-river
#8
Janine Helmus, Sarah Zorell, Thomas Bajanowski, Micaela Poetsch
DNA traces on clothes of drowned bodies can provide important evidence for police investigations, especially in cases of suspected suicides or homicides. However, it is generally assumed that the water "erodes" a large part of the DNA depending especially on the exposure time. In forensic casework, DNA of suspects could be found frequently on clothes of drowned bodies after hours, sometimes days of exposure to water. This study was conducted to attempt a general statement about the conditions under which sufficient DNA remains can be expected for molecular genetic analysis...
September 30, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963075/the-amsterdam-based-maatschappij-tot-redding-van-drenkelingen-1767-2017-guiding-drowning-resuscitation-during-250-years
#9
EDITORIAL
Joost J L M Bierens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955423/variations-in-injury-characteristics-among-paediatric-patients-following-trauma-a-retrospective-descriptive-analysis-comparing-pre-hospital-and-in-hospital-deaths-at-kamuzu-central-hospital-lilongwe-malawi
#10
Laura Purcell, Charles E Mabedi, Jared Gallaher, Steven Mjuweni, Sean McLean, Bruce Cairns, Anthony Charles
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a major cause of paediatric mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. In absence of pre-hospital care, the injury mechanism and cause of death is difficult to characterise. Injury characteristics of pre-hospital deaths (PHD) versus in-hospital deaths (IHD) were compared. METHODS: Using our trauma surveillance database, a retrospective, descriptive analysis of children (<18 years) presenting to Kamuzu Central Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi from 2008 to 2013 was performed...
June 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954441/developmental-assessments-during-injury-research-is-enrollment-of-very-young-children-in-cr%C3%A3-ches-associated-with-better-scores
#11
Divya Nair, Olakunle Alonge, Jena Derakhshani Hamadani, Shumona Sharmin Salam, Irteja Islam, Adnan A Hyder
The Developmental Study is part of a larger intervention on "saving of lives from drowning (SoLiD)" where children were enrolled either into crèches (daycare centers) or playpens to prevent drowning in rural Bangladesh. Sampling ~1000 children between the ages of 9-17 months, we compared problem-solving, communication, motor and personal-social outcomes assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire in the two interventions. After controlling for variables such as home stimulation in multivariate regressions, children in crèches performed about a quarter of a standard deviation better in total scores (p < 0...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950728/a-social-marketing-intervention-to-prevent-drowning-among-inner-city-youth
#12
Tavis J Glassman, Tom Castor, Monita Karmakar, Alexis Blavos, Paige Dagenhard, Julianne Domigan, Erin Sweeney, Aaron Diehr, Ruthie Kucharewski
BACKGROUND: Water-related injuries and fatalities pose serious public health issues, especially to African American youth, a demographic group that drowns at disproportionately high rates. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine if a social marketing intervention targeting the parents and guardians of inner-city youth (U.S. Midwest) could positively influence their perceptions concerning water safety. METHOD: Researchers employed a quasi-experimental design using matched pairs to evaluate the intervention...
September 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947530/ranking-regional-drowning-mortality-rates-population-based-versus-aquatic-area-based-rate
#13
Chien-Hsing Wang, Wan-Hua Hsieh, Jo-Chi Lee, Hsin-Min Wu, Tsung-Hsueh Lu
Population, the most often used denominator in calculating drowning mortality rate, might not be a good measure of risk exposure. In this study, we sought to compare the rankings of township drowning mortality according to population-based rates with those according to aquatic area-based rates in Taitung County, Taiwan. The township with the highest mortality rate using population as the denominator (deaths per 100 000 persons) was Changbin (32.3) followed by Lanyu (22.4), Donghe (19.6) and Chenggong (18...
October 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922960/cognitive-performance-in-transient-global-hypoxic-brain-injury-due-to-moderate-drowning
#14
Mariana Penteado Nucci, Katerina Lukasova, Gilson Vieira, João Ricardo Sato, Edson Amaro Júnior
INTRODUCTION: Drowning is a serious and frequently neglected public health threat. Primary respiratory impairment after submersion often leads to brain dysfunction. Depending on the period of global hypoxia (respiratory failure), clinical aspects of neurological dysfunction are evident on the first evaluation after the water rescue. Nowadays, many neuropsychological assessments after drowning are inconclusive, with some studies reporting only minor neurological or cognitive impairments...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915813/the-relationship-between-burden-of-childhood-disease-and-foreign-aid-for-child-health
#15
J Clay Bavinger, Paul Wise, Eran Bendavid
BACKGROUND: We sought to examine the relationship between child specific health aid (CHA) and burden of disease. Based on existing evidence, we hypothesized that foreign aid for child health would not be proportional to burden of disease. METHODS: In order to examine CHA and burden of disease, we obtained estimates of these parameters from established sources. Estimates of disability adjusted life years (DALYs) in children (0-5 years) were obtained from the World Health Organization for 2000 and 2012...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915131/body-mass-index-and-saltwater-drowning
#16
Roger W Byard
Comparison of body mass index (BMI) was undertaken between 30 cases of salt water drowning and 30 age- and sex-matched controls randomly selected from the autopsy files of Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, Australia, during the period 2000 to 2017. The age range of drowning cases and controls was 18 to 80 (average, 49) years, with a male to female ratio of 19:11. The BMIs of the drowning cases ranged from 15.5 to 37.5 (average, 25.4; median, 23). The control cases had higher BMIs ranging from 22.9 to 44.3 (average, 29...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899637/predictors-of-emergency-department-discharge-following-pediatric-drowning
#17
Rebecca M Cantu, Christopher M Pruitt, Nichole Samuy, Chang L Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898313/-death-from-external-causes-in-infants-in-colombia-2005-2013
#18
Diego Rosselli, Juan C Carlier, Mariana Arango Lozano, Luis Hernando Murcia, Andrés Felipe Amaya, Raúl Del Río-McMahon
Latin America has shown a significant reduction in infant mortality in recent years. The objective of this study was to analyze official data for children under five years of age in Colombia, emphasizing external causes of death, which have been less studied. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Descriptive cross-sectional design using secondary information from death records reported by the National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE) and information dynamic tables of vital statistics, taken from the official information system of the Ministry of Health and Social Protection (SISPRO), between 2005 and 2013 were reviewed...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893436/death-after-25c-nbome-and-25h-nbome-consumption
#19
Luca Morini, Marzia Bernini, Sara Vezzoli, Mario Restori, Matteo Moretti, Stefano Crenna, Pietro Papa, Carlo Locatelli, Antonio Marco Maria Osculati, Claudia Vignali, Angelo Groppi
A teenager male was found dead in a waterway after he was spotted jumping off into the water stream. The boy looked agitated and confused after a party with friends. At the gathering place, investigators seized packages of blotter papers. A complete autopsy and a histological evaluation of the main tissues were performed; although the death occurred by drowning, the prosecutor requested toxicological exams, in order to evaluate the potential role of drugs of abuse in the episode. Blood (both peripheral and central) and urine samples as well as seized blotter papers were collected and analyzed as follows...
October 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888336/pediatric-firearm-deaths-and-injuries-in-the-united-states
#20
Deborah L McBride
Guns are the third leading cause of death of those aged 1 to 17years, outpaced only by unintentional injuries such as car crashes and drowning, and illnesses like cancer according to a new federal study. The new study, which has been called the most comprehensive examination of current firearms-related deaths and injury among children in the United States used data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Violent Death Reporting System to assess the magnitude and characteristics of firearm-related deaths and injuries among children (age 0-17years) from 2002 to 2014...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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