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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334597/intramyocardial-bronchogenic-cyst-histological-appearance-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Naoki Nishida, Yukiko Hata, Kazuhiro Nomoto
We report histological appearance of a bronchogenic cyst that was incidentally found in a 78-year-old man who died from drowning related to a traumatic accident. The cyst was found in the posterior edge of the interventricular septum and was monolocular with a 5-mm diameter. The cystic wall was not associated with cartilage or the smooth muscle layer, and was lined by ciliated respiratory epithelium. Immunohistochemistry showed that many of these epithelial cells were positive for cytokeratin 7 and thyroid transcription factor-1...
March 12, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323463/injury-mortality-in-individuals-with-autism
#2
Joseph Guan, Guohua Li
OBJECTIVES: To examine epidemiological patterns of injury fatalities in individuals with a diagnosis of autism. METHODS: We identified individuals with a diagnosis of autism who died between 1999 and 2014 by screening causes of death in the multiple cause-of-death data files in the National Vital Statistics System based on the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, code F84.0. We used the general US population as the reference to calculate proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314903/diatoms-in-drowning-cases-in-forensic-veterinary-context-a-preliminary-study
#3
Nadia Fucci, Carlo P Campobasso, L Mastrogiuseppe, C Puccinelli, S Marcheggiani, L Mancini, L Marino, V L Pascali
In this preliminary study, a digestive method used in forensic context to extract diatoms has been applied in organs taken from ten wildlife animals belonging three species of mammals (a deer, a roe and five otters) and one species of birds (two magpies). Only four carcasses were recovered from aquatic environments (bath trough for animals, bathtub irrigation, river) and only in three cases out of ten that the cause of death was ruled out as drowning. In seven cases, the death was due to other causes: gunshot injuries for one otter, blunt trauma for a magpie, and traumatic injuries followed by motor vehicle collision in other four otters and a roe...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299862/the-neoarchaean-surficial-sulphur-cycle-an-alternative-hypothesis-based-on-analogies-with-20th-century-atmospheric-lead
#4
M Gallagher, M J Whitehouse, B S Kamber
We revisit the S-isotope systematics of sedimentary pyrite in a shaly limestone from the ca. 2.52 Ga Gamohaan Formation, Upper Campbellrand Subgroup, Transvaal, South Africa. The analysed rock is interpreted to have been deposited in a water depth of ca. 50-100 m, in a restricted sub-basin on a drowning platform. A previous study discovered that the pyrites define a nonzero intercept δ(34) SV-CDT -Δ(33) S data array. The present study carried out further quadruple S-isotope analyses of pyrite, confirming and expanding the linear δ(34) SV-CDT -Δ(33) S array with an δ(34) S zero intercept at ∆(33) S ca...
March 16, 2017: Geobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290926/soldier-readiness-processing-time-for-a-new-paradigm-in-managing-musculoskeletal-injuries-after-deployment
#5
Daniel I Rhon, Kerrie J Golden, Amy J Trevino, Brian S Hatler
BACKGROUND: The drowning impact that musculoskeletal injuries (MSI) have on Soldier readiness, deployability, and escalating health care costs is growing. These injuries are associated with approximately 25 million lost duty days each year. The need to curb costs and improve efficacy and efficiency of health care delivery is pressing. This requires the consideration of new paradigms for clinical pathways and health care delivery processes. Soldiers returning from a deployment go through a screening process to ensure any medical, dental, and administrative issues are adequately addressed...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283878/drowning-deaths-in-rivers
#6
Roger W Byard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274812/pediatric-cardiac-arrest-due-to-drowning-and-other-respiratory-etiologies-neurobehavioral-outcomes-in-initially-comatose-children
#7
Beth S Slomine, Vinay M Nadkarni, James R Christensen, Faye S Silverstein, Russell Telford, Alexis Topjian, Joshua D Koch, Jill Sweney, Ericka L Fink, Mudit Mathur, Richard Holubkov, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
AIM: To describe the 1-year neurobehavioral outcome of survivors of cardiac arrest secondary to drowning, compared with other respiratory etiologies, in children enrolled in the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital (THAPCA-OH) trial. METHODS: Exploratory analysis of survivors (ages 1-18 years) who received chest compressions for ≥2min, were comatose, and required mechanical ventilation after return of circulation (ROC). Participants recruited from 27 pediatric intensive care units in North America received targeted temperature management [therapeutic hypothermia (33°C) or therapeutic normothermia (36...
March 6, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266981/too-much-water-drowned-the-miller-does-extended-pancreaticoduodenectomy-benefit-the-long-term-survival-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-cancer
#8
Zi Yin, Tingting Ma, Haosheng Jin, Zhixiang Jian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260644/diagnosis-of-drowning-electrolytes-and-total-protein-in-sphenoid-sinus-liquid
#9
Akira Hayakawa, Koichi Terazawa, Kotaro Matoba, Kie Horioka, Tatsushige Fukunaga
In this study, electrolyte (sodium (Na), chlorine (Cl), and magnesium (Mg)) and total protein (TP) concentrations and volume of liquid in the sphenoid sinus were examined to determine their usefulness to elucidate whether drowning occurred in freshwater or seawater. We examined 68 cases (seawater drowning group: 27 cases, freshwater drowning group: 21 cases, non-drowning group: 20 cases). There was a significant difference in Na, Cl, Mg, and TP concentrations of liquid in the sphenoid sinus among the three groups (seawater drowning, freshwater drowning, and non-drowning groups)...
February 24, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257423/mechanism-study-on-a-plague-outbreak-driven-by-the-construction-of-a-large-reservoir-in-southwest-china-surveillance-from-2000-2015
#10
Xin Wang, Xiaoyu Wei, Zhizhong Song, Mingliu Wang, Jinxiao Xi, Junrong Liang, Yun Liang, Ran Duan, Kecheng Tian, Yong Zhao, Guangpeng Tang, Lv You, Guirong Yang, Xuebin Liu, Yuhuang Chen, Jun Zeng, Shengrong Wu, Shoujun Luo, Gang Qin, Huijing Hao, Huaiqi Jing
BACKGROUND: Plague, a Yersinia pestis infection, is a fatal disease with tremendous transmission capacity. However, the mechanism of how the pathogen stays in a reservoir, circulates and then re-emerges is an enigma. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We studied a plague outbreak caused by the construction of a large reservoir in southwest China followed 16-years' surveillance. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The results show the prevalence of plague within the natural plague focus is closely related to the stability of local ecology...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250530/drowning-deaths-between-1861-and-2000-in-victoria-australia
#11
Carolyn Staines, Joan Ozanne-Smith
OBJECTIVE: To identify the long-term patterns of drowning mortality in the state of Victoria, Australia, and to describe the historical context in which the decrease occurred. METHODS: We obtained data on drowning deaths and population statistics from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and its predecessors for the period 1861 to 2000. From these data, we calculated drowning death rates per 100 000 population per year, by gender and age. We reviewed primary and secondary historical resources, such as government and newspaper archives, books and the Internet, to identify changes or events in the state that may have affected drowning mortality...
March 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246575/epidemiology-of-drowning-deaths-in-the-philippines-1980-to-2011
#12
Rammell Eric Martinez, John Juliard Go, Jonathan Guevarra
Drowning kills 372 000 people yearly worldwide and is a serious public health issue in the Philippines. This study aims to determine if the drowning death rates in the Philippine Health Statistics (PHS) reports from 1980 to 2011 were underestimated. A retrospective descriptive study was conducted to describe the trend of deaths caused by drowning in the Philippines from official and unofficial sources in the period 1980 to 2011. Information about deaths related to cataclysmic causes, particularly victims of storms and floods, and maritime accidents in the Philippines during the study period were reviewed and compared with the PHS drowning death data...
October 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245001/fatal-accidents-at-work-in-agriculture-associated-with-alcohol-intoxication-in-lower-silesia-in-poland
#13
Tomasz Jurek, Marta Rorat
BACKGROUND: Determining the prevalence of alcohol intoxication and the level of intoxication in victims of fatal occupational accidents is necessary to improve work safety. The circumstances of the accident and the time between alcohol consumption and death are important factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 18 935 medico-legal autopsy reports and toxicological reports performed in the Department of Forensic Medicine at the Wroclaw Medical University, Poland, in the years 1991-2014...
February 28, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209580/white-matter-tract-pathology-in-pediatric-anoxic-brain-injury-from-drowning
#14
M Ishaque, J H Manning, M D Woolsey, C G Franklin, F S Salinas, P T Fox
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although drowning is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in young children, the neuropathologic consequences have not been fully determined. The purpose of this article was to quantitatively characterize white matter microstructural abnormalities in pediatric anoxic brain injury from nonfatal drowning and investigate the correlation with motor function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Whole-brain T1-weighted and diffusion-weighted MR imaging datasets were acquired in 11 children with chronic anoxic brain injury and 11 age- and sex-matched neurotypical controls (4-12 years of age)...
February 16, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205216/the-diagnostic-value-of-quantitative-assessment-of-diatom-test-for-drowning-an-analysis-of-128-water-related-death-cases-using-microwave-digestion-vacuum-filtration-automated-scanning-electron-microscopy
#15
Jian Zhao, Chao Liu, Adham Sameer A Bardeesi, Yeda Wu, Yanbing Ma, Sunlin Hu, He Shi, Jianding Cheng
The value of diatom test for the diagnosis of drowning remains controversial. The conventional forensic diatom test with low sensitivity is not a useful tool to provide accurate information about diatom in the tissues and organs. To improve the sensitivity of the diatom test, we developed a novel method called the Microwave Digestion-Vacuum Filtration-Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy (MD-VF-Auto SEM) method which resulted in a high recovery of diatoms. In this article, we analyzed 128 water-related death cases...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198649/fatal-drownings-in-fiji
#16
Kathryn Murray, Peter Carter
Drowning is a newly comprehended public health concern in Fiji. Defined as "the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersions or immersion in liquid," drowning has been identified as one of Fiji's 5 leading causes of death for those aged 1 to 29 years. The aim of this article was to develop the most parsimonious model that can be used to explain the number of monthly fatal drowning cases in Fiji. Based on a cross-section of 187 drowning incidents from January 2012 to April 2015, this observational study found the number of monthly drownings in Fiji was significantly affected by monthly rainfall ( P = ...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190442/neurologic-complications-of-acute-environmental-injuries
#17
I R F da Silva, J A Frontera
Environmental injuries can result in serious neurologic morbidity. This chapter reviews neurologic complications of thermal burns, smoke inhalation, lightning strikes, electric injury, near drowning, decompression illness, as well as heat stroke and accidental hypothermia. Knowing the pathophysiology and clinical presentation of such injuries is essential to proper management of primary and secondary medical complications. This chapter highlights the most frequently encountered neurologic injuries secondary to common environmental hazards, divided into the topics: injuries related to fire, electricity, water, and the extremes of temperature...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150278/the-quality-of-a-newly-developed-infant-chest-compression-method-applied-by-paramedics-a-randomized-crossover-manikin-trial
#18
Jacek Smereka, Mariusz Kasinski, Adam Smereka, Jerzy Robert Ładny, Łukasz Szarpak
BACKGROUND: The etiology of sudden cardiac arrest in infants is different from that in adults, with respiratory failure, sudden infant death syndrome, and drowning being the primary causes in the former. According to the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and American Heart Association (AHA) recommendations, the quality of chest compressions (CC) is a key element affecting the effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The current ERC and AHA guidelines recommend the 'two-finger technique' (TFT) or 'two-thumb encircling hands technique' (TTHT) for external CCs during infant CPR...
February 2, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135682/crystallization-techniques-in-wastewater-treatment-an-overview-of-applications
#19
REVIEW
Haijiao Lu, Jingkang Wang, Ting Wang, Na Wang, Ying Bao, Hongxun Hao
As a by-product of industrial or domestic activities, wastewater of different compositions has caused serious environmental problems all over the world. Facing the challenge of wastewater treatment, researchers have begun to make use of crystallization techniques in wastewater treatment. Crystallization techniques have many advantages, such as high efficiency, energy saving, low costs, less space occupation and so on. In recent decades, crystallization is considered as one of promising techniques for wastewater treatment, especially for desalination, water and salt recovery...
January 18, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135568/behaviours-and-attitudes-of-recreational-fishers-toward-safety-at-a-blackspot
#20
Randall Jasper, Barbara A Stewart, Andrew Knight
Issue addressed: Recreational fishing, particularly rock fishing, can be dangerous; 30 fatalities were recorded in Western Australia from 2002-2014. This study investigates differences in behaviours and attitudes towards safety among fishers at a fishing fatality 'black spot' in Australia.Methods: A total of 236 fishers were surveyed at Salmon Holes, Western Australia in 2015. Fishers were grouped by country of origin and significant differences among groups for behaviours and attitudes towards personal safety were identified...
January 27, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
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