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biosimilar diabetes

Soichi Takeishi, Hiroki Tsuboi, Shodo Takegoshi
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: We compared the effects of morning administration of insulin glulisine + insulin glargine 300 U/ml (G+G300) to that of insulin lispro + insulin glargine biosimilar (L+GB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 30 patients with type 2 diabetes who wear continuous glucose monitoring device in admission after glucose levels were stabilized by morning long-acting and ultra-rapid-acting insulins were randomly allocated to groups who received G+G300 on days 1 and 2 and the same dose L+GB on days 3 and 4, or vice versa...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Martin Haluzík
Insulin therapy has been for many years an inseparable part of the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes, in particular those with longer diabetes duration. Current national and international guidelines list insulin treatment as a possible second choice therapy in patient with unsatisfactory glucose control on monotherapy with metformin. In reality, insulin therapy is often initiated later than it optimally should be. The reasons include among others the fear of patients and sometimes also of physicians from the side effects of insulin...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Marc Evans, Barrie Chubb, Jens Gundgaard
INTRODUCTION: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of insulin degludec (IDeg) versus insulin glargine U100 (IGlar U100) and new-to-market basal insulin analogues in patients with diabetes in order to aid decision-making in a complex basal insulin market. METHODS: A simple, short-term model was used to evaluate the costs and effects of treatment with IDeg versus IGlar U100 over a 12-month period in patients with type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) from the perspective of the UK National Health Service...
April 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
Lutz Heinemann, Ingo Fritz, Hootan Khatami, Steven V Edelman
With the expiration of patent protection for several originator insulin analog molecules, the availability of insulin analog copies is set to increase. Many regulatory authorities have developed, and continue to refine, guidelines for the approval of biosimilar insulin analogs. Aspects such as the structure, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of biosimilar insulin analogs are extensively addressed in these guidelines, but how the biosimilar insulin analog is administered to people with diabetes is not usually a topic...
February 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
Anne Park Kim, Ross Jason Bindler
IN BRIEF Biosimilar insulins are available in many countries and will be made available in the United States in the near future. Some concerns associated with biosimilar insulins include potential differences in the efficacy and safety between a biosimilar product and its reference insulin, the ramifications of having the same name or different names for a biosimilar and its reference insulin, the prospects of and limitations to substituting insulin products, and the proper implementation of pharmacovigilance...
August 2016: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
Elisabeth Mönnig, Nanette Schloot, Cloth Hohberg, Tobias Wiesner, Lutz Heinemann
BACKGROUND: Biosimilar medicinal products have been in use in the European Union since 2006. In September 2014, insulin glargine (LY IGlar) was approved as a long-acting insulin analogue. In accordance with EMA (European Medicines Agency) and FDA (Food and Drug Administration) guidelines, analytical, preclinical and clinical studies were submitted demonstrating drug safety and biosimilarity of LY IGlar with the reference insulin glargine (IGlar). METHOD: In a review article, study data collected in the clinical development of LY IGlar are summarized...
August 2016: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Walter Alexander
We present EULAR sessions on the latest treatments for rheumatic disease with an infliximab biosimilar, certolizumab pegol, secukinumab, and bimekizumab. We also report on significant developments in diabetes presented at ADA's Scientific Sessions.
August 2016: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
Alan W Carter, Lutz Heinemann
Insulin prices in the United States have risen dramatically in recent years, yet pharmacies cannot provide a stable price for a given insulin due to factors that are not widely understood. This commentary discusses the complex and obscure factors that drive today's insulin prices with a discussion of the other players, besides the insulin manufacturer, who benefit from higher prices. An open discussion is critical regarding this drug and others that are essential to the lives of millions of people with diabetes...
November 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Colby Evans
The chronic and systemic nature of psoriasis has a significant impact on direct costs, indirect costs, and patient quality of life. Psoriasis is associated with comorbid conditions that add to the burden of the disease, especially in moderate to severe disease. The total estimated annual healthcare burden of psoriasis may be as high as $35.2 billion, with $12.2 billion in direct costs and $23 billion in indirect costs (attributed to reduced health-related quality of life and lost productivity). These costs vary based on the severity of the disease; pharmacy costs account for the majority of the burden, especially in severe disease...
June 2016: American Journal of Managed Care
David Beran, Margaret Ewen, Richard Laing
Substantial attention has been given to the issue of access to medicines for communicable diseases; however, access to essential medicines for diabetes, especially insulin, has had insufficient focus. Although insulin was discovered in 1921, the drug is unattainable to many globally, and this Review aims to highlight the range and complexity of factors that contribute to this unattainability. Manufacturers' selling prices of various insulin formulations and presentations, duties, taxes, mark-ups, and other supply chain costs affect the price of insulin and hence the drug's affordability to health systems and individuals...
March 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Thasia G Woodworth, Alfons A den Broeder
There is increasing consensus that periodic monitoring of disease activity status in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients to achieve and maintain remission, or at least low disease activity (LDA), the so-called treat to target (T2T) improves outcomes regardless of the duration of disease. Based on systematic literature reviews (SLRs) of clinical trials and registries, International Recommendations published in 2015 represent expert opinion describing efficacy and safety of conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) and biologic DMARDs (bDMARDs)...
August 2015: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
Jeremy Pettus, Tricia Santos Cavaiola, William V Tamborlane, Steven Edelman
Insulin production by the pancreas follows a basic pattern where basal levels of insulin are secreted during fasting periods, with prandial increases in insulin associated with food ingestion. The aim of insulin therapy in patients with diabetes is to match the endogenous pattern of insulin secretion as closely as possible without causing hypoglycaemia. There are several optimal pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of long-acting basal insulins that can help to achieve this aim, namely, as follows: activity that is flat and as free of peaks as possible, a duration of action of ≥24-h, and as little day-to-day variation as possible...
September 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Lutz Heinemann
The costs for insulin treatment are high, and the steady increase in the number of patients with diabetes on insulin presents a true challenge to health care systems. Therefore, all measures to lower these costs are welcomed by patients, physicians, and health care providers. The market introduction of biosimilar insulins presents an option to lower treatment costs as biosimilars are usually offered at a lower price than the originator product. However, the assumption that a drastic reduction in insulin prices will take place, as was observed with many generic drugs, is most probably not realistic...
September 8, 2015: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Giovanni Polimeni, Gianluca Trifirò, Ylenia Ingrasciotta, Achille P Caputi
Biosimilar insulins are likely to enter the market of diabetes therapies as patents for major branded insulin products start to expire in the next few years (on June 2014, the European Medicines Agency authorized the first biosimilar of insulin glargine, Abasria, 100 Units/ml, for the treatment of diabetes mellitus). This would allow providing comparable clinical benefits of the current available insulins at a significantly lower cost, thus increasing the affordability and access of insulin treatment for patients with diabetes...
June 2015: Acta Diabetologica
L Heinemann, P D Home, M Hompesch
Biosimilar insulins are approved copies of insulins outside patent protection. Advantages may include greater market competition and potential cost reduction, but clinicians and users lack a clear perspective on 'biosimilarity' for insulins. The manufacturing processes for biosimilar insulins are manufacturer-specific and, although these are reviewed by regulators there are few public data available to allow independent assessment or review of issues such as intrinsic quality or batch-to-batch variation. Preclinical measures used to assess biosimilarity, such as tissue and cellular studies of metabolic activity, physico-chemical stability and animal studies of pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics and immunogenicity may be insufficiently sensitive to differences, and are often not formally published...
October 2015: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Jan Škrha
Biosimilar insulins are biological drugs with the effect similar to reference insulins. Documented safety and efficacy are the main demand for their clinical utility. The subsequent introduction into clinical practice will be followed by more frequent use which will need longterm evaluation of their effect on glycemia and eventual side effects as well.
April 2015: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Fernando J Lavalle-González, Hootan Khatami
Biosimilar insulins have the potential to increase access to treatment among patients with diabetes mellitus, reduce treatment costs, and expand market competition. The patents for several insulins are soon to expire, meaning there is room for copies of these products--or 'biosimilars'--to join the marketplace. It is vital that similar safety and efficacy to the innovator product is demonstrated for biosimilars. This presents many possible manufacturing and regulatory challenges. Complex manufacturing processes mean that even small differences between manufacturers can have a potential impact on the final product...
October 2014: Postgraduate Medicine
M Alan Menter, Christopher E M Griffiths
The umbrella term psoriasis is now understood to incorporate several distinct phenotypes or endotypes along the disease spectrum that in turn will dictate different therapies. A stratified medicine approach to psoriasis using this clinical information coupled with pharmacogenomic and immunologic data will become more widely acceptable in the future. Comorbidities associated with psoriasis, such as diabetes, depression, and Crohn disease, and the debate about the interdependence of psoriasis and cardiovascular disease will also dictate future research and holistic and management plans for this complex disease...
January 2015: Dermatologic Clinics
Alan J Garber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Journal of Diabetes
Héctor García-Nares, María Isabel Leyva-Carmona, Neftalí Pérez-Xochipa, Erwin Chiquete
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Journal of Diabetes
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