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intestine ALP

S H Lauz Medeiros, A de Oliveira Menezes, L Zogbi, E Frasson de Souza Montero
BACKGROUND: The ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) phenomenon can cause the dysfunction of some transplanted organs and other distant organs. Liver surgery success, including transplantations, may depend on the adverse effects of intestinal mucosa injury arising from temporary porta triad occlusion. The study objective was to examine I/R liver effects on the small intestine in rats after N-acetylcysteine (NAC) treatment. METHODS: Twenty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 2 groups...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Kathleen M Gura, Andrew E Mulberg, Paul D Mitchell, John Yap, Clara Y Kim, Minjun Chen, Alexis Potemkin, Mark Puder
BACKGROUND: Intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) is complex and diagnosed by concurrent use of parenteral nutrition, clinical presentation, and alterations in hepatic biomarkers exclusive of other causes of liver disease. In comparison with individual measures, composite biomarkers may provide a more effective means for assessing disease progression and response to treatment than single parameters. Since IFALD is considered by some to be a type of drug-induced liver injury (DILI), those diagnostic criteria could potentially be used in this population...
September 28, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Vanessa Mateus, João Rocha, Paula Alves, Hélder Mota-Filipe, Bruno Sepodes, Rui Manuel Amaro Pinto
Erythropoietin is a potent stimulator of erythroid progenitor cells, which is able to inhibit NF-kB activation, due to its pleiotropic properties, thus promoting an anti-inflammatory effect. Since inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic disease with reduced quality of life, and the current pharmacotherapy only induces or maintains the patient in remission, there is a crucial need of new pharmacological approaches. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of erythropoietin in the TNBS-induced colitis model in mice with a normal intestinal flora...
August 31, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Caihong Ji, Xing Yu, Yong Wang, Lufeng Shi
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction (IpsO) and acute lupus pneumonitis (ALP) are uncommon severe complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The present study reports the case of a 26-year-old female who presented with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting as initial symptoms. Computed tomography (CT) scanning revealed the jejunal wall was thickened and streaky, mimicking the presentation of intestinal obstruction. Following emergency surgery, the patient's general condition was aggravated, with evident limb erythematous rashes...
July 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Terez Shea-Donohue, Alessio Fasano, Aiping Zhao, Luigi Notari, Shu Yan, Rex Sun, Jennifer A Bohl, Neemesh Desai, Greg Tudor, Motoko Morimoto, Catherine Booth, Alexander Bennett, Ann M Farese, Thomas J MacVittie
In this study, nonhuman primates (NHPs) exposed to lethal doses of total body irradiation (TBI) within the gastrointestinal (GI) acute radiation syndrome range, sparing ∼5% of bone marrow (TBI-BM5), were used to evaluate the mechanisms involved in development of the chronic GI syndrome. TBI increased mucosal permeability in the jejunum (12-14 Gy) and proximal colon (13-14 Gy). TBI-BM5 also impaired mucosal barrier function at doses ranging from 10-12.5 Gy in both small intestine and colon. Timed necropsies of NHPs at 6-180 days after 10 Gy TBI-BM5 showed that changes in small intestine preceded those in the colon...
June 2016: Radiation Research
Emin Lapsekili, Öner Menteş, Müjdat Balkan, Armağan Günal, Halil Yaman, Orhan Kozak, Yusuf Peker
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the diagnostic value of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) intestine-isomerase, plasma lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and D-dimer levels in acute mesenteric ischemia. METHODS: Thirty Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups of 6 rats each. In Group 1, blood samples were obtained to determine normal parameter levels. In the sham group, Group 2, blood samples were obtained following laparotomy. In Group 3, blood samples were obtained 2 hours after ligation...
March 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
M Manafi, M Hedayati, S Khalaji
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of phytogenic additive and antibiotic growth promoter in laying Japanese quails. One hundred and sixty five quails were divided into three groups of 5 replicates and 11 quails (8 females and 3 males) in each replicate. Treatment 1 was fed control diet, treatment 2 was fed control diet supplemented with 0.05% bacitracin methylene disalicylate as antibiotic growth promoter and treatment 3 was fed control diet supplemented with 0.1% phytogenic feed additive (PFA) for two periods of 3 weeks each from 37 to 42 weeks of age...
September 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
J G Gotep, J T Tanko, G E Forcados, I A Muraina, N Ozele, B B Dogonyaro, O O Oladipo, M S Makoshi, O B Akanbi, H Kinjir, A L Samuel, T E Onyiche, G O Ochigbo, O B Aladelokun, H A Ozoani, V Z Viyoff, C C Dapuliga, A A Atiku, P A Okewole, D Shamaki, M S Ahmed, C I Nduaka
Coccidiosis is a disease of economic importance in poultry causing morbidity and mortality. Reports show that Azadirachta indica and Khaya senegalensis have been used individually in the treatment of avian coccidiosis. We thus investigated the efficacy and safety of the combined aqueous extracts of these plants for the treatment of experimentally induced coccidiosis in broiler chickens using oocyst count, oxidative stress biomarkers, serum biochemistry, histology, and haematological parameters. The phytochemical screening revealed the presence of tannins, saponins, cardiac glycosides, and steroids in both extracts...
2016: Journal of Parasitology Research
Xue-Yin Li, Yang Liu, Wei-Dan Jiang, Jun Jiang, Pei Wu, Juan Zhao, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Lin Feng
The aim of the work was primarily to explore the protective activity pathways of lysine against oxidative damage in fish in vivo and in enterocytes in vitro. First, grass carp were fed diets containing six graded levels of lysine (7.1-19.6 g kg-1 diet) for 56 days. Second, the enterocytes were treated with different concentrations of lysine (0-300 mg/L in media) prior to (pre-treatment), along with (co-treatment) or following (post-treatment) with 6 mg/L of Cu for 24 h. The results indicated that lysine improved grass carp growth performance...
2016: PloS One
Jun-Hwan Kim, Ju-Chan Kang
Juvenile rockfish (mean length 13.7±1.7 cm, and mean weight 55.6±4.8 g) were exposed for 4 weeks with the different levels of dietary chromium (Cr(6+)) at 0, 30, 60, 120 and 240 mg/kg. The profile of chromium in the tissues of rockfish is dependent on the exposure periods and chromium concentration. After 4 weeks, the order of chromium accumulation in tissues was liver>kidney>spleen>intestine>gill>muscle. The dietary chromium exposure decreased the growth rate and hepatosomatic index of rockfish...
January 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Ayako Hashimoto, Miki Nakagawa, Natsuki Tsujimura, Shiho Miyazaki, Kumiko Kizu, Tomoko Goto, Yusuke Komatsu, Ayu Matsunaga, Hitoshi Shirakawa, Hiroshi Narita, Taiho Kambe, Michio Komai
Systemic and cellular zinc homeostasis is elaborately controlled by ZIP and ZnT zinc transporters. Therefore, detailed characterization of their expression properties is of importance. Of these transporter proteins, Zip4 functions as the primarily important transporter to control systemic zinc homeostasis because of its indispensable function of zinc absorption in the small intestine. In this study, we closely investigated Zip4 protein accumulation in the rat small intestine in response to zinc status using an anti-Zip4 monoclonal antibody that we generated and contrasted this with the zinc-responsive activity of the membrane-bound alkaline phosphatase (ALP)...
March 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Ji-Shun Zheng, Meng-Meng Chen, Hai-Fei Yang, Xiang-Tian Zhou, Yan-Yan Liu, Jia-Bin Li
BACKGROUND Serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA and hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) liver function in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) are significantly associated. A comparison of clinical significance of fecal HBV DNA and serum HBV DNA has not yet been reported. MATERIAL AND METHODS Stool and serum samples were collected from 66 patients with CHB. Fecal HBV DNA, serum HBV DNA, and intestinal microbiota DNA were detected by real-time quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Liver function and HBeAg were analyzed...
2015: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Onur Alp Ersöz, Hale Melis Soylu, Ozge Er, Kasim Ocakoglu, Fatma Yurt Lambrecht, Osman Yilmaz
Imidazolium salts have antitumor potential and toxicological effects on various microorganisms. The authors' aim is to synthesize a new imidazolium salt and to assess its pharmacokinetic and antitumor potentials by in vitro and in vivo studies. In this study, bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) imide (ITFSI) was synthesized and labeled with (131)I using the iodogen method. The efficiency of radiolabeling was determined with high yield (95.5% ± 3.7%). Pharmacokinetic properties of the compound were investigated in albino Wistar rats using radiolabeled compound...
November 2015: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Makoto Matsushita, Kana Otani, Yui Sakamoto, Tomoko Arai, Nobuyasu Yukimasa, Yoshimi Muramoto, Tsugikazu Komoda
Intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) appears in the circulation more frequently in blood group B or O secretors than in blood group A or AB secretors and non-secretors, and serum IAP activity rises following the ingestion of a high-fat meal. In a previous study, the occurrence of two IAP isoforms, with high (HIAP) and normal molecular mass (NIAP), in healthy sera was demonstrated by 6.0% polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of 1% Triton X-100. NIAP was present in the fasting serum of only healthy blood group B or O secretors, but was present in all subjects following ingestion of a high-fat meal...
May 2015: Rinsho Byori. the Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology
Lin Zhao, Junli Zhao, Jiajia Yu, Xiaofei Zhao, Qi Chen, Yanfeng Huang
This study was aimed to evaluate in vitro bioactivity of tissue-engineered periosteum (TEP) which was fabricated by coupling either rabbits' MSCs or osteodifferentiated MSCs (O-MSCs) with porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS), and that produced two kinds of TEPs (M1=MSCs+SIS and M2=Osteoblast+SIS). The cell adherence was observed under scanning electronic microscopy (SEM). Cell proliferation was measured by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl]-2,5-diphenyl-2 H-tetrazoliumbromide (MTT) test. In vitro osteogenetic potential of TEPs was evaluated kinetically at 0, 5, 10 and 15 d by measuring alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and semi-quantitative assay of osteocalcin and collagen type I expression with Western blot...
January 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Keiko Y Petrosky, Joyce S Knoll, Charles Innis
This study determined the tissue distribution and activities of eight enzymes in 13 juvenile Kemp's ridley turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) that died after stranding. Samples from the liver, kidney, skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, pancreas, lung, small intestine, and spleen were evaluated for activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), amylase, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), creatine kinase (CK), γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and lipase. AST, CK, and LDH activities were highest in cardiac and skeletal muscle but were also found in all other tissues...
September 2015: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
U Firat, S Senol, I Gelincik, M Kapan, O Tokgoz, R Tekin, O Evliyaoglu, A Onder, H Alp
OBJECTIVE: Intestinal obstruction (IO) is a disease which generates approximately 20% of emergency surgery and tends to with high mortality. Prevention of oxidative stress, bacterial translocation and tissue damage caused by IO is an important medical issue. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) is an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-bacterial and immunomodulatory agent. In this experimental study, we aimed to investigate the effects of CAPE on bacterial translocation, inflammatory response, oxidative stress and tissue injury caused by intestinal obstruction in a rat model...
May 2015: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Kang Liu, Shuyan Chi, Hongyu Liu, Xiaohui Dong, Qihui Yang, Shuang Zhang, Beiping Tan
In the present study, juvenile cobia, Rachycentron canadum L. were fed diets contaminated by two different sources of cadmium: squid viscera meal (SVM-Cd, organic form) and cadmium chloride (CdCl2-Cd, inorganic form). The Cd concentrations in fish diet were approximate 3.0, 5.0 and 10.0mg Cd kg(-1) for both inorganic and organic forms. In the control diet (0.312mg Cd kg(-1) diet, Cd mainly come from fish meal), no cadmium was added. The experiment lasted for 16 weeks and a statistically significant inverse relationship was observed between specific growth rate (SGR) and the concentration of dietary Cd...
August 2015: Aquatic Toxicology
Alicja Kazek-Kęsik, Karolina Kuna, Weronika Dec, Magdalena Widziołek, Grzegorz Tylko, Anna M Osyczka, Wojciech Simka
Titanium and its aluminum and vanadium-free alloys have especially great potential for medical applications. Electrochemical surface modification improves their surface bioactivity and stimulates osseointegration process. In this work, the effect of plasma electrolytic oxidation of the β-type alloy Ti-15Mo surface on its bioactivity is presented. Bioactivity of the modified alloy was investigated by immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF). Biocompatibility of the modified alloys were tested using human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSC) and wild intestinal strains (DV/A, DV/B, DV/I/1) of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans bacteria...
July 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Zhaojiang Guo, Shi Kang, Defeng Chen, Qingjun Wu, Shaoli Wang, Wen Xie, Xun Zhu, Simon W Baxter, Xuguo Zhou, Juan Luis Jurat-Fuentes, Youjun Zhang
Insecticidal crystal toxins derived from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) are widely used as biopesticide sprays or expressed in transgenic crops to control insect pests. However, large-scale use of Bt has led to field-evolved resistance in several lepidopteran pests. Resistance to Bt Cry1Ac toxin in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), was previously mapped to a multigenic resistance locus (BtR-1). Here, we assembled the 3.15 Mb BtR-1 locus and found high-level resistance to Cry1Ac and Bt biopesticide in four independent P...
April 2015: PLoS Genetics
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