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Panniculitis dermatomyositis

A Santos-Briz, A Calle, K Linos, B Semans, A Carlson, O P Sangüeza, D Metze, L Cerroni, J L Díaz-Recuero, V Alegría-Landa, J M Mascaró, C Moreno, J L Rodríguez-Peralto, L Requena
BACKGROUND: Panniculitis occurring in dermatomyositis is uncommon, with only a few cases described in the literature, most of them as case reports. OBJECTIVE: This report describes the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical findings in a series of 18 patients with panniculitis associated with dermatomyositis. METHODS: In each patient, we collected the clinical data of the cutaneous lesions as well as the characteristic clinical and laboratory findings...
March 10, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Alfredo Agulló, Brian Hinds, Mónica Larrea, Ignacio Yanguas
Clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM) is a subset of dermatomyositis (DM) that has conventional cutaneous manifestations of DM, but paradoxically, little or no muscle involvement. In 2005, a novel antibody was described in association with CADM - anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (anti-MDA5). Patients with this serologic marker have a characteristic mucocutaneous phenotype consisting of skin ulceration among other signs. We describe the case of a 46-year-old woman with CADM, elevated anti-MDA5 autoantibodies, and unusual clinical features (livedo racemosa, florid acral edema) among the classical phenotype of MDA5 DM (arthralgias, ulcerations, panniculitis) and classical DM lesions (Gottron papules, heliotrope rash)...
January 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Drew J B Kurtzman, Ruth Ann Vleugels
Melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) is a recently described autoantigen target in a subset of patients with dermatomyositis. Anti-MDA5 dermatomyositis is characterized by a unique mucocutaneous and systemic phenotype that includes cutaneous and oral ulceration, painful palmar papules, alopecia, panniculitis, arthritis, a lower incidence of myositis, and, importantly, an elevated risk of interstitial lung disease with a potentially fatal course. Because the clinical features can differ substantially from those typically observed in cutaneous dermatomyositis, the diagnosis is often overlooked, which might negatively affect patient outcomes...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Ju Li, Yan Liu, Yongsheng Li, Fang Li, Kai Wang, Wenyou Pan, Deqian Meng
Anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) antibody is a specific biomarker in patients with dermatomyositis (DM). Results from several studies that examined the relationship between anti-MDA5 antibody and the demographics, clinical characteristics and laboratory results of DM patients have been conflicting. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship, if any, of anti-MDA5 antibody with demographics, clinical characteristics and laboratory results of DM patients. PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and the Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies without language restrictions conducted before 16 March 2017...
January 2018: Journal of Dermatology
Mark R Wick
The diagnosis of panniculitis is felt to be a confusing topic by some pathologists. This summarical article presents inflammatory diseases of the subcutis in a systematic fashion, based on whether they are centered on fibrovascular septa or the adipose lobules, and whether morphologic vasculitis is present or not. Septocentric, non-vasculitis disorders include erythema nodosum, panniculitis that follows the use of "biological" therapeutic agents, lipodermatosclerosis, post-irradiation panniculitis, morphea profunda, and necrobiosis lipodica profunda...
May 2017: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
Nadia Ben Abdelhafidh, Sana Toujeni, Asma Kefi, Najeh Bousetta, Sameh Sayhi, Imen Gharsallah, Salah Othmani
Panniculitis is an inflammatory disease of subcutaneous adipose tissue which is rarely associated with dermatomyositis. It can occur before, after or simultaneously with muscle damage. In most cases, the evolution of panniculitis and of other dermatomyositis affections is favorable with corticosteroids and/or immunosuppressants. We report the case of a 48 year-old patient who developed panniculitis lesions 2 months before having muscular signs. Skin involvement was resistant to corticosteroid treatment associated with immunosuppressants drugs...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Nabil Bel Feki, Monia Smiti Khanfir, Imed Ben Ghorbel, Fatma Said, Mohamed Habib Houman
Panniculitis is a rare cutaneous manifestation of dermatomyositis (DM). The appearance of panniculitis during treatment with methotrexate (MTX) is exceptional and has only been described in 3 cases. We report a case of a 50-year-old woman suffering from DM since 1997 who was treated with corticosteroids showing favorable clinical and biological evolution. When a relapse occurred 2 years later, she was treated with higher-dose of corticosteroids in combination with a 7,5 mg weekly dose of methotrexate. The evolution was rapidly favorable...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Ahmed Abdel Khalek Abdel Razek
We review the imaging appearance of connective tissue diseases of the head and neck. Bilateral sialadenitis and dacryoadenitis are seen in Sjögren's syndrome; ankylosis of the temporo-mandibular joint with sclerosis of the crico-arytenoid joint are reported in rheumatoid arthritis and lupus panniculitis with atypical infection are reported in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Relapsing polychondritis shows subglottic stenosis, prominent ear and saddle nose; progressive systemic sclerosis shows osteolysis of the mandible, fibrosis of the masseter muscle with calcinosis of the subcutaneous tissue and dermatomyositis/polymyositis shows condylar erosions and autoimmune thyroiditis...
June 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
Andac Salman, Ozgur Kasapcopur, Tulin Ergun, Ayse Nigar Durmus Ucar, Cuyan Demirkesen
We report a 15-year-old girl who presented with indurated, subcutaneous nodules in addition to classical findings of juvenile dermatomyositis. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of panniculitis associated with juvenile dermatomyositis. Considering that panniculitis is a rare cutaneous manifestation of juvenile dermatomyositis, we present a patient with a brief review of the published work to highlight the importance of keeping juvenile dermatomyositis in mind among the etiologies of pediatric panniculitis...
August 2016: Journal of Dermatology
Yoshinao Muro, Kazumitsu Sugiura, Masashi Akiyama
Dermatomyositis (DM) is a common idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. The pathogenesis is considered to be microangiopathy affecting skin and muscle. The cutaneous manifestations of DM are the most important aspect of this disease, and their correct evaluation is important for early diagnosis. The skin signs are various: Some are pathognomonic or highly characteristic, and others are compatible with DM. Recently, DM has been categorized into several disease subsets based on the various autoantibodies present in patients...
December 2016: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Manasmon Chairatchaneeboon, Kanokvalai Kulthanan, Araya Manapajon
Panniculitis is an uncommon cutaneous manifestation in dermatomyositis. It not only occurs in idiopathic dermatomyositis, but also rarely occurs in the setting of malignancy-associated dermatomyositis. Calcinosis cutis is also less likely to be found in adult-onset dermatomyositis. In malignancy-associated dermatomyositis, panniculitis can precede, concur, or follow the diagnosis of malignancy. We report the case of a 26-year-old Thai female with calcific panniculitis in the setting of adult-onset dermatomyositis associated with nasopharyngeal cancer...
2015: SpringerPlus
I Pau-Charles, P J Moreno, K Ortiz-Ibáñez, M C Lucero, A Garcia-Herrera, G Espinosa, J M Nicolás, P Castro, J M Grau, L Casciola-Rosen, J M Mascaró
BACKGROUND: Anti-MDA5 (Melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5) positive dermatomyositis is a new variant of clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis that presents with characteristic mucocutaneous findings and is associated with a higher risk of developing rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease. Because its presentation differs from that of classical dermatomyositis, this entity can be a diagnostic challenge for the clinician. METHODS & RESULTS: We present the case of a 55-year-old male with a 7-month history of chill sensation, constitutional symptoms and polyarthralgia...
August 2014: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Shinjiro Kaieda, Akiko Idemoto, Naomi Yoshida, Hiroaki Ida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Internal Medicine
Moises Labrador-Horrillo, Maria Angeles Martinez, Albert Selva-O'Callaghan, Ernesto Trallero-Araguas, Eva Balada, Miquel Vilardell-Tarres, Cándido Juárez
A new myositis-specific autoantibody directed against melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (anti-MDA5) has been described in patients with dermatomyositis (DM). We report the clinical characteristics of patients with anti-MDA5 in a large Mediterranean cohort of DM patients from a single center, and analyze the feasibility of detecting this autoantibody in patient sera using new assays with commercially available recombinant MDA5. The study included 117 white adult patients with DM, 15 (13%) of them classified as clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM)...
2014: Journal of Immunology Research
Melissa Carroll, Nick Mellick, Godfrey Wagner
Dermatomyositis-related panniculitis is a rare cutaneous manifestation of dermatomyositis. There are few reported cases in the medical literature. We present the case of a 60-year-old woman with a 2-year history of dermatomyositis and recent biopsy-confirmed panniculitis treated with prednisone, cyclophosphamide and i.v. immunoglobulin.
August 2015: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
Theodora Simopoulou, Areti Varna, Zoe Dailiana, Christina Katsiari, Ioannis Alexiou, Georgios Basdekis, Konstantinos N Malizos, Lazaros I Sakkas
Tuberculosis (TB) has become a global concern due to its increasing incidence, particularly in immunocompromised patients, closely following the migratory patterns of populations. TB pyomyositis is a rare extrapulmonary manifestation of TB. Its clinical presentation varies and requires a high degree of suspicion for early diagnosis. We present three patients diagnosed with TB pyomyositis: a 46-year-old man with dermatomyositis (DM) and hepatitis B who presented with fever, muscle weakness, and an abscess at the right proximal arm; a 71-year-old immunocompetent male, with a past medical history of tuberculous lymphadenopathy in childhood, who presented with a 2-month history of fever and pain at the right thigh, and a 44-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) on prednisone and methotrexate who presented with skin eruption at her thighs mimicking lupus panniculitis...
April 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
V Shahi, D A Wetter, B M Howe, M D Ringler, M D P Davis
BACKGROUND: Studies on the radiological findings of calcinosis cutis in patients with autoimmune connective tissue disease (ACTD) are limited. OBJECTIVES: To describe imaging findings and radiological patterns of calcinosis cutis occurring with ACTD. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the cases of 37 patients with imaging studies assessing for calcinosis cutis associated with ACTD at our institution between 1996 and 2009. A formal blinded review of available images (i...
May 2014: British Journal of Dermatology
Abraham Edgar Gracia-Ramos, Olga Lidia Vera-Lastra
Paraneoplastic rheumatic syndromes are defined as those events associated with cancer that occur away from the primary tumor or its metastases and are induced by the presence of the tumor through biological products like hormones, peptides, autocrine or paracrine mediators, antibodies or cytotoxic lymphocytes. Of these, hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, carcinomatous polyarthritis, dermatomyositis/polymyositis, and paraneoplastic vasculitis are the most frequently recognized. Other less known associations are based upon a smaller number of case reports, and include palmar fasciitis, panniculitis, erythema nodosum, Raynaud¥s phenomenon, erythromelalgia and Lupus-like syndrome...
April 2012: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
Lin Yi, Shi Qun, Zheng Wenjie, Zhang Wen, Li Jian, Zhao Yan, Zhang Fengchun
This study aims to investigate the association between subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL) or cutaneous gamma/delta T-cell lymphoma (CGDTCL) and a variety of manifestations that mimic autoimmune disorders. A retrospective chart review was made for 11 patients who were initially diagnosed as autoimmune diseases but finally turned out to be SPTCL or CGDTCL. Eleven patients were initially diagnosed with erythema nodosum, nodular panniculitis, lupus erythematosus profundus, systemic vasculitis, dermatomyositis, or pyoderma gangrenosum...
August 2013: Clinical Rheumatology
R Lamb, S Digby, W Stewart, A Drummond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2013: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
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