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Myocardial infarction and surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444321/left-ventricular-regional-dyssynchrony-predicts-improvements-in-moderate-ischaemic-mitral-regurgitation-after-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass
#1
Xiaotian Sun, Guoqian Huang, Jiechun Huang, Meng Shi, Fangrui Wang, Liewen Pang, Yiqing Wang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the predictors of the improvement in moderate ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) focusing on left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony. METHODS: A prospective study was performed among 135 patients (age at surgery, mean ± SD: 67.0 ± 8.2 years, 33.3% women) with prior myocardial infarction and moderate IMR undergoing OPCAB from 2008 to 2015. Preoperative and follow-up clinical and echocardiographic parameters were analysed, focusing on LV global/regional dyssynchrony...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443766/meta-analysis-study-comparing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-drug-eluting-stent-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-of-unprotected-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-clinical-outcomes-during-short-term-versus-long-term-1-year-follow-up
#2
Waleed E Ali, Satyanarayana R Vaidya, Sylvester U Ejeh, Kingsley U Okoroafor
BACKGROUND: Results on the safety and long-term efficacy of drug-eluting stent placement in unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCAD) compared with those of coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) remain inconsistent across randomized clinical trials and recent meta-analysis studies. We aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and safety over short- and long-term follow-ups by conducting a meta-analysis of large pooled data from randomized controlled trials and up-to-date observational studies...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439738/dietary-inflammatory-index-a-potent-association-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-patients-candidate-for-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-cabg-surgery
#3
Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Mahdi Najafi
BACKGROUND: Recently, the clinical importance of dietary inflammatory index (DII) in predicting the inflammatory potential of diet and its role in pathogenesis of several chronic disease including some types of cancers, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease and renal disease has been proposed. However, its association with the disease severity and progression and cardio-metabolic risk factors among patients candidate for coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) has not been evaluated yet...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436171/ischaemic-heart-disease-following-conventional-and-hypofractionated-radiation-treatment-in-a-contemporary-breast-cancer-series
#4
Melissa James, Sami Swadi, Ma Yi, Lisa Johansson, Bridget Robinson, Ashutosh Dixit
INTRODUCTION: We report the incidence of ischaemic cardiac toxicity in a contemporary cohort of patients receiving conventional (CFRT) or hypofractionated (HFRT) radiation after surgery for early breast cancer and investigate the interplay of cardiac risk factors and fractionation. METHODS: Included were patients receiving external beam radiation treatment from 2002 to 2006 at the Christchurch public hospital. Hospital coding databases, oncology databases and medical records were reviewed for baseline characteristics, treatment details and outcomes...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435832/myocardial-injury-in-elderly-patients-after-abdominal-surgery
#5
Shun Huang, WenPing Peng, Ning Yang, Tao Yu, Hong Yuan Cui, Jing Yong Xu, Qi An, Hua Yang, Yan Nan Liu, Zhe Li, Ming Zhang Zuo
BACKGROUND: The development of sensitive myocardial-specific cardiac biomarkers allows for detection of very small amounts of myocardial injury or necrosis. Myocardial injury (MI) as a prelude of the serious perioperative complication myocardial infarction, should be paid more attention, especially in elderly susceptible patients. Myocardial injury after abdominal surgery in elderly patients has not been described yet. The objectives of this study were to identify the incidence, predictors, characteristics and the impact of MI on outcome in elderly patients underwent abdominal surgery...
February 12, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434482/clinical-outcome-of-noncardiac-surgery-in-patients-with-history-of-coronary-artery-revascularization-by-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#6
Jungchan Park, Seung Hwa Lee, Jeayoun Kim, Myungsoo Park, Hyeon-Cheol Gwon, Young Tak Lee, Sangmin Maria Lee
Objective: Although safety concerns still remain among patients undergoing unanticipated noncardiac surgery after prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), it has not been directly compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The objective of this study was to compare clinical outcomes after noncardiac surgery in patients with prior (>6 months) coronary revascularization by PCI or CABG. Methods: From February 2010 to December 2015, 413 patients with a history of coronary revascularization, scheduled for noncardiac surgery were identified...
2018: Japanese Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434090/determinants-and-long-term-outcomes-of-percutaneous-coronary-interventions-vs-surgery-for-multivessel-disease-according-to-clinical-presentation
#7
Sung-Jin Hong, Byeong-Keuk Kim, Sanghoon Shin, Yongsung Suh, Seunghwan Kim, Chul-Min Ahn, Jung-Sun Kim, Young-Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi, Myeong-Ki Hong, Yangsoo Jang
BACKGROUND: The long-term outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) vs. coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), particularly for patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), remains controversial.Methods and Results:We retrospectively analyzed 2,827 patients (stable coronary artery disease [SCAD], n=1,601; NSTE-ACS, n=1,226) who underwent either PCI (n=1,732) or CABG (n=1,095). The 8-year composite of cardiac death and myocardial infarction (MI) was compared between PCI and CABG before and after propensity matching...
February 9, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433878/the-effect-of-resident-involvement-on-bariatric-surgical-outcomes-an-acs-nsqip-analysis
#8
Ivy N Haskins, Jihad Kudsi, Kathleen Hayes, Richard L Amdur, Paul P Lin, Khashayar Vaziri
BACKGROUND: Surgical residency training programs in the United States are modeled on the principle of graduated responsibility. Residents are given greater responsibility and autonomy in the operating room and during perioperative care as they gain surgical skills and progress through their training. The impact of this method of surgical training on patient outcomes remains unknown. The purpose of this study is to compare early patient morbidity and mortality after bariatric surgery in cases with and without resident participation using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430406/effect-of-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-on-troponin-i-in-cabg
#9
Fatemeh Javaherforoosh Zadeh, Mohsen Moadeli, Mansoor Soltanzadeh, Farahzad Janatmakan
Background: Elective open heart surgery is associated with troponin release in some cases due to myocyte necrosis. Objectives: The aim of this study was to measure cardiac troponin I (cTnI) preoperatively in elective CABG after remote ischemic preconditioning. Methods: Twenty-eight patients were selected for elective CABG. They were randomized to receive remote ischemic preconditioning (induced by three 5-min cycles of inflation with a pneumatic tourniquet and 5-min deflation between inflation episodes as reperfusion)...
August 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428663/shengmai-san-derived-herbal-prevents-the-development-of-a-vulnerable-substrate-for-atrial-fibrillation-in-a-rat-model-of-ischemic-heart-failure
#10
Jin Ma, Shiyu Ma, Chunxia Yin, Huanlin Wu
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate whether a Shengmai San-derived herbal, Fumai granule (FM), which had a preventive effect on atrial fibrillation (AF) in myocardial infarction (MI)-induced heart failure (HF) rat and to determine the underlying mechanisms. DESIGN AND METHODS: MI was induced by a ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. One week after MI surgery, FM was gavaged for 4 weeks. AF inducibility was detected by transesophageal programmed electrical stimulation technology...
February 8, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426281/primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-during-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-a-case-report
#11
Alfonso Campanile, Guido Tavazzi, Francesco Caprioglio, Fausto Rigo
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is still a condition with high mortality and morbidity, especially in the elderly, and in patients with prosthetic valves. The concept of "time-to-therapy" plays a key role for the prompt management of IE and related complications, and the currently available multimodality imaging may play a key role in this setting. Myocardial ischemia due to extrinsic coronary compression from an aortic abscess is an extremely rare condition where the optimal therapeutic strategy has not been defined yet...
February 9, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425382/the-beneficial-effect-of-weight-reduction-on-adverse-cardiovascular-outcomes-following-bariatric-surgery-is-attenuated-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Bennet Pandey, Christopher Stoming, Zoe Heis, Khawaja Afzal Ammar, M Fuad Jan, Indrajit Choudhuri, Thomas Y Chua, Jasbir Sra, A Jamil Tajik, Arshad Jahangir
Weight loss after bariatric surgery is associated with reduction in adverse cardiovascular outcomes; however, the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on reduction of cardiovascular outcomes after bariatric surgery in morbidly obese patients is not known. We retrospectively assessed differences in cardiovascular events after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB)-induced weight loss in patients with and without OSA before and after propensity score matching for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and major comorbidities between the two groups and determined predictors of poor outcomes...
February 7, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420842/acute-myocardial-infarction-complicated-with-ventricular-septal-rupture-and-intracranial-hemorrhage
#13
Munevver Sari, Gokhan Kahveci, Alev Kilicgedik, Mehmet Ayturk, Selcuk Pala
Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a rare but fatal complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with an associated mortality that ranges from 41% to 80%. The treatment consists of supplemental oxygenation, afterload reduction, intraaortic balloon pump, and surgical repair. In selected patients, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and/or percutaneous closure of the defect can be considered if anatomically appropriate. Echocardiography evaluates the morphology and location of the defect, anatomical concerns for percutaneous closure, and accompanying pathologies...
February 8, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417142/myocardial-infarction-after-vascular-surgery-reply
#14
Yen-Yi Juo, Boback Ziaeian, Peyman Benharash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417137/myocardial-infarction-after-vascular-surgery-a-systematic-troponin-surveillance-and-a-uniform-definition-is-needed
#15
Kamil Polok, Jakub Fronczek, Wojciech Szczeklik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413743/safety-of-a-high-dose-tranexamic-acid-protocol-in-complex-adult-spinal-deformity-analysis-of-100-consecutive-cases
#16
James D Lin, Lawrence G Lenke, Jamal N Shillingford, Joseph L Laratta, Lee A Tan, Charla R Fischer, Mark A Weller, Ronald A Lehman
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of high-dose tranexamic acid (TXA) use in consecutive patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety profile of a high-dose TXA protocol in complex adult spinal deformity patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery may involve significant amounts of blood loss, especially when various osteotomy techniques are used. Antifibrinolytic agents such as TXA have been used to reduce intraoperative blood loss...
March 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406797/sequelae-of-index-complications-following-inpatient-head-and-neck-surgery-characterizing-secondary-complications
#17
Alexander N Goel, Karam W Badran, Alexander M Garrett, Maie A St John, Jennifer L Long
Objective To characterize patterns of secondary complications after inpatient head and neck surgery. Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2005-2015). Subjects and Methods We identified 18,584 patients who underwent inpatient otolaryngologic surgery. Four index complications were studied: pneumonia, bleeding or transfusion event (BTE), deep/organ space surgical site infection (SSI), and myocardial infarction (MI). Each patient with an index complication was matched to a control patient based on propensity for the index event and event-free days...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404329/enhanced-recovery-after-vascular-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Milena D Stojanovic, Danica Z Markovic, Anita Z Vukovic, Vesna D Dinic, Aleksandar N Nikolic, Tijana G Maricic, Radmilo J Janković
The beginnings of the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program were first developed for patients in colorectal surgery, and after it was established as the standard of care in this surgical field, it began to be applied in many others surgical areas. This is multimodal, evidence-based approach program and includes simultaneous optimization of preoperative status of patients, adequate selection of surgical procedure and postoperative management. The aim of this program is to reduce complications, the length of hospital stay and to improve the patients outcome...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402713/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-is-associated-with-short-term-complications-following-total-hip-arthroplasty
#19
George A Yakubek, Gannon L Curtis, Nipun Sodhi, Mhamad Faour, Alison K Klika, Michael A Mont, Wael K Barsoum, Carlos A Higuera
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Furthermore, COPD patients are at increased risk of complications following surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the postoperative total hip arthroplasty (THA) outcomes of COPD patients. Specifically, we asked the following questions: (1) Is COPD associated with adverse perioperative outcomes and (2) Does COPD increase the risk of short-term complications following THA? METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was used to identify 64,796 patients who underwent THA between 2008 and 2014...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402422/comparison-of-outcomes-and-costs-associated-with-aspirin%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-clopidogrel-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#20
Ramin Ebrahimi, Sandeep Gupta, Brendan M Carr, Muath Bishawi, Faisal G Bakaeen, G Hossein Almassi, Joseph Collins, Frederick L Grover, Jacquelyn A Quin, Todd H Wagner, A Laurie W Shroyer, Brack Hattler
Optimal antiplatelet therapy after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery remains controversial. This study evaluated the role of dual antiplatelet therapy using aspirin and clopidogrel (DAPT) versus antiplatelet therapy using aspirin only (ASA) on post-CABG clinical outcomes and costs. In the Department of Veterans Affairs Randomized On/Off Bypass (ROOBY) trial, clopidogrel use after CABG was prospectively collected beginning in year 2 of this study to include 1,525 of the 2,203 original ROOBY patients who received aspirin after CABG...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
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