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Nutrition for fat loss

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665058/testicular-germ-cell-apoptosis-and-sperm-defects-in-mice-upon-long-term-high-fat-diet-feeding
#1
Songita Ghosh, Sutapa Mukherjee
The growing prevalence of male infertility is a matter of serious concern. One of the putative causes being nutritional excess from continuous consumption of high fat diet (HFD) leading to insulin resistance albeit the specific relationship is not fully understood. Besides, there are many contradictions in the available literature on the subject. Therefore, we sought to characterize in detail the effects of HFD upon testicular function and sperm quality in mice with particular focus on isolated testicular germ cells and spermatozoa, respectively...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649791/the-long-term-impact-of-high-levels-of-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-in-energy-balance-among-obese-adolescents
#2
Ana Claudia Pelissari Kravchychyn, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Sofia Emanuelle de Castro Ferreira Vicente, Yasmin Alaby Martins Ferreira, Patrícia Leão Silva, Aline de Piano Ganen, Lila Missae Oyama, Lian Tock, Marco Túlio de Mello, Sérgio Tufik, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
BACKGROUND: Deregulation of orexigenic and anorexigenic pathways occurs among adolescents with obesity. Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) is a key catabolic mediator of energy homeostasis and an important anorexigenic neuropeptide in the control of energy balance and thermogenesis. However, it was not well explored if α-MSH can modulate long-term weight loss therapy responses in a dependent manner according to its concentration. Our hypothesis is that a high α-MSH concentration at baseline promotes better modulation of anorexigenic/orexigenic pathways in obese adolescents...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606602/adductor-muscle-thickness-of-the-thumb-a-new-and-reliable-parameter-for-nutritional-assessment-of-pediatric-inpatients
#3
Juliana Paludo Vallandro, Luciana da Silveira Klein Campos, Laura Dresch Neumann, Elza Daniel de Mello
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT) is a promising method for evaluation of muscle loss and, consequently, malnutrition in adult and elderly patients. However, to date, there have been no studies of its applicability to the pediatric population. Within this context, we sought to evaluate the association of APMT with anthropometric variables, body mass index (BMI), pediatric Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) of nutrition, nutritional screening, and clinical outcomes in hospitalized pediatric patients...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600328/cross-sectional-association-of-dietary-water-intakes-and-sources-and-adiposity-national-adult-nutrition-survey-the-republic-of-ireland
#4
Janette Walton, Laura O'Connor, Albert Flynn
PURPOSE: Drinking (plain) water intake has been associated with weight loss and reducing energy intake in intervention trials. In free-living populations, replacing other beverages with drinking water is associated with reduced obesity risk. However, the association of total water intake and its sources, and body fat distribution remain unevaluated. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate total water intake and its sources and the association with anthropometric measures. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 1500 adults aged 18-90 years (Irish National Adult Nutrition Survey, 2008-2010)...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575594/preoperative-weight-loss-program-involving-a-20-day-very-low-calorie-diet-for-obesity-before-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#5
Kentaro Inoue, Sawako Yoshiuchi, Mika Yoshida, Natsuko Nakamura, Sachiko Nakajima, Akiko Kitamura, Keiko Mouri, Taku Michiura, Hiromi Mukaide, Takashi Ozaki, Hirokazu Miki, Hiroaki Yanagimoto, Sohei Satoi, Masaki Kaibori, Madoka Hamada, Yutaka Kimura, Masanori Kon
INTRODUCTION: The increased visceral fat in patients with obesity can increase the technical difficulty of surgery. This study was performed to evaluate a preoperative 20-day very low-calorie diet for obesity before laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: This prospective single-center study involved patients with obesity who were planning to undergo laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Obesity was defined according to the Japanese criteria: BMI ≥25 kg/m2 or waist circumference ≥85 cm in men and ≥90 cm in women...
March 25, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574529/predictors-of-fat-free-mass-loss-1-year-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#6
B Guida, M Cataldi, L Busetto, M L Aiello, M Musella, D Capone, S Parolisi, V Policastro, G Ragozini, A Belfiore
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is one of the most frequently performed bariatric surgery interventions because of its safety and efficacy. Nevertheless, concerns have been raised on its detrimental effect on patient nutritional state that can ultimately lead to the loss of fat-free mass (FFM). There is interest in identifying predictors for the early identification of patients at risk of this highly unwanted adverse because they could benefit of nutritional preventive interventions...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570702/sustainable-food-security-in-india-domestic-production-and-macronutrient-availability
#7
Hannah Ritchie, David Reay, Peter Higgins
India has been perceived as a development enigma: Recent rates of economic growth have not been matched by similar rates in health and nutritional improvements. To meet the second Sustainable Development Goal (SDG2) of achieving zero hunger by 2030, India faces a substantial challenge in meeting basic nutritional needs in addition to addressing population, environmental and dietary pressures. Here we have mapped-for the first time-the Indian food system from crop production to household-level availability across three key macronutrients categories of 'calories', 'digestible protein' and 'fat'...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567059/conversion-of-standard-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-to-distal-bypass-for-weight-loss-failure-and-metabolic-syndrome-3-year-follow-up-and-evolution-of-technique-to-reduce-nutritional-complications
#8
Saber Ghiassi, Kelvin Higa, Steven Chang, Pearl Ma, Aaron Lloyd, Keith Boone, Eric J DeMaria
BACKGROUND: Standard proximal Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) fails to achieve long-term weight maintenance and/or control of metabolic syndrome in up to 35% of patients. OBJECTIVES: To improve the performance of the standard proximal gastric bypass by increasing the biliopancreatic limb length at the expense of the common channel. SETTINGS: Academic-affiliated private practice. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients who underwent conversion to distal RYGB from 2010 to 2016 was performed...
January 31, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565283/social-gradients-and-physical-activity-trends-in-an-obesogenic-dietary-pattern-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-2008-2014
#9
Laura Johnson, Zoi Toumpakari, Angeliki Papadaki
An energy-dense, high-fat, low-fibre dietary pattern has been prospectively associated with the development of obesity in childhood but is population-specific, which limits translating the pattern into interventions. We explored the generalisability and correlates of this obesogenic dietary pattern in the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) for the first time. Data came from participants ( n = 4636 children and n = 4738 adults) with 4-day food diaries in NDNS 2008-2014. Reduced rank regression was applied to 51 food groups to explain variation in energy density, fibre and fat intake...
March 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543648/heart-rate-variability-a-biomarker-to-study-the-influence-of-nutrition-on-physiological-and-psychological-health
#10
Hayley A Young, David Benton
As the influence of diet on health may take place over a period of decades, there is a need for biomarkers that help to identify those aspects of nutrition that have either a positive or a negative influence. The evidence is considered that heart-rate variability (HRV) (the time differences between one beat and the next) can be used to indicate the potential health benefits of food items. Reduced HRV is associated with the development of numerous conditions for example, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, inflammation, obesity and psychiatric disorders...
April 2018: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537900/anthropometrics-and-body-composition-in-adults-with-high-grade-gliomas-effects-of-disease-related-variables
#11
Simona Bertoli, Alberto Battezzati, Alessandra Petruzzi, Alessandro Leone, Ramona De Amicis, Elena Tramacere, Maddalena Meda, Andrea Foppiani, Antonio Silvani, Elena Lamperti
Nutritional status in adults with high-grade gliomas (HGGs) has been poorly investigated. We studied anthropometrics and fat mass (FM), fat free mass (FFM), and body water in HGGs patients also in relation to disease-related variables. Fifty-one patients (17 III and 34 IV-grade) and fifty-one control group (CG) matched for sex, age, and BMI were enrolled. Neurological scales, anthropometry, bioimpedance, and blood sampling were performed and analyzed according to grade, lesion location, extent of resection, phase of treatment, current steroids and antiepileptic therapy, and age of patient...
March 14, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508691/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-protein-and-amino-acid-supplements-in-older-adults-with-acute-or-chronic-conditions
#12
Heilok Cheng, Jielan Kong, Catherine Underwood, Peter Petocz, Vasant Hirani, Beryl Dawson, Fiona O'Leary
The loss of lean body mass, muscle strength and physical function causes significant problems in older adults. Protein and amino acid supplements can preserve muscle strength but the effect on function is variable. We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to investigate the effect of protein and amino acid supplementation on fat-free mass, muscle strength and physical function in malnourished, frail, sarcopenic, dependent or elderly with acute or chronic conditions, with or without rehabilitation exercise...
March 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500166/prevalence-of-major-behavioral-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes
#13
Karen R Siegel, Kai McKeever Bullard, Giuseppina Imperatore, Mohammed K Ali, Ann Albright, Carla I Mercado, Rui Li, Edward W Gregg
OBJECTIVE: We examined the proportion of American adults without type 2 diabetes that engages in lifestyle behaviors known to reduce type 2 diabetes risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 3,679 nonpregnant, nonlactating individuals aged ≥20 years without diabetes (self-reported diagnosis or glycated hemoglobin ≥6.5% [8 mmol/mol] or fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL) and who provided 2 days of reliable dietary data in the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES)...
March 2, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495392/impact-of-genetic-variants-on-the-individual-potential-for-body-fat-loss
#14
Soyeon Cha, Joon Ho Kang, Jae-Hak Lee, Jinki Kim, Heewon Kim, Yoon Jung Yang, Woong-Yang Park, Jinho Kim
The past decade has witnessed the discovery of obesity-related genetic variants and their functions through genome-wide association studies. Combinations of risk alleles can influence obesity phenotypes with different degrees of effectiveness across various individuals by interacting with environmental factors. We examined the interaction between genetic variation and changes in dietary habits or exercise that influences body fat loss from a large Korean cohort ( n = 8840). Out of 673 obesity-related SNPs, a total of 100 SNPs (37 for carbohydrate intake; 19 for fat intake; 44 for total calories intake; 25 for exercise onset) identified to have gene-environment interaction effect in generalized linear model were used to calculate genetic risk scores (GRS)...
February 26, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489830/assessing-national-nutrition-security-the-uk-reliance-on-imports-to-meet-population-energy-and-nutrient-recommendations
#15
Jennie I Macdiarmid, Heather Clark, Stephen Whybrow, Henri de Ruiter, Geraldine McNeill
Nutrition security describes the adequacy of the food supply to meet not only energy but also macronutrient and micronutrient requirements for the population. The aim of this study was to develop a method to assess trends in national nutrition security and the contribution of imports to nutrition security, using the UK as a case study. Food supply data from FAO food balance sheets and national food composition tables were used to estimate the nutrient content of domestically produced food, imported food and exported food...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474746/a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-and-analysis-of-the-consequences
#16
REVIEW
J-Matthias Löhr, Nikola Panic, Miroslav Vujasinovic, Caroline S Verbeke
Senior people constitute the fastest growing segment of the population. The elderly are at risk for malnutrition, thought to be caused by reduced food intake or involution of the physiological capacity of the GI tract. Age-related changes are well known in other secretory organs such as liver, kidney, and intestine. The pancreas, representing a metabolically active organ with uptake and breakdown of essential nutritional components, changes its morphology and function with age. During childhood, the volume of the pancreas increases, reaching a plateau between 20-60 years, and declines thereafter...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459026/prevalence-and-risk-of-protein-energy-wasting-assessed-by-subjective-global-assessment-in-older-adults-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-equal-study
#17
Karin Windahl, Gerd Faxén Irving, Tora Almquist, Maarit Korkeila Lidén, Moniek van de Luijtgaarden, Nicholas C Chesnaye, Pauline Voskamp, Peter Stenvinkel, Marian Klinger, Maciej Szymczak, Claudia Torino, Maurizio Postorini, Christiane Drechsler, Fergus J Caskey, Christoph Wanner, Friedo W Dekker, Kitty J Jager, Marie Evans
OBJECTIVES: Prevalence and risk factors for protein-energy wasting (PEW) are poorly studied in the nondialysis, older population with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of PEW in advanced stage CKD patients aged greater than 65 years. Furthermore, we aimed to describe risk factors for PEW in the overall study population and among obese individuals. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. METHODS: The EQUAL study, a European Quality Study on treatment in advanced chronic kidney disease, is a multicenter prospective observational cohort study in six European countries...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454265/supplementation-of-lycopene-attenuates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-amyloidogenesis-and-cognitive-impairments-via-mediating-neuroinflammation-and-oxidative-stress
#18
Jia Wang, Lixia Li, Zhuo Wang, Yifan Cui, Xintong Tan, Tian Yuan, Qian Liu, Zhigang Liu, Xuebo Liu
Neuroinflammation is documented to be the major culprit of Alzheimer's disease. Lycopene (LYC), a fat soluble carotenoid, exhibits neuroprotective function in several neurodegenerative disorders. However, the effects of LYC to countering systemic inflammation-induced amyloidogenesis and memory deficiency remain to be elucidated. In current study, 3-month-old male C57BL/6J mice were treated with 0.03% LYC (w/w, mixed into normal chow) for 5 weeks. The mice were then treated by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (0...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439674/establishing-a-clinical-phenotype-for-cachexia-in-end-stage-kidney-disease-study-protocol
#19
Joanne Reid, Helen R Noble, Gary Adamson, Andrew Davenport, Ken Farrington, Denis Fouque, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, John Mallett, C McKeaveney, S Porter, David S Seres, Joanne Shields, Adrian Slee, Miles D Witham, Alexander P Maxwell
BACKGROUND: Surveys using traditional measures of nutritional status indicate that muscle wasting is common among persons with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Up to 75% of adults undergoing maintenance dialysis show some evidence of muscle wasting. ESKD is associated with an increase in inflammatory cytokines and can result in cachexia, with the loss of muscle and fat stores. At present, only limited data are available on the classification of wasting experienced by persons with ESKD...
February 13, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431471/appetite-suppression-and-altered-food-preferences-coincide-with-changes-in-appetite-mediating-hormones-during-energy-deficit-at-high-altitude-but-are-not-affected-by-protein-intake
#20
J Philip Karl, Renee E Cole, Claire E Berryman, Graham Finlayson, Patrick N Radcliffe, Matthew T Kominsky, Nancy E Murphy, John W Carbone, Jennifer C Rood, Andrew J Young, Stefan M Pasiakos
Karl, J. Philip, Renee E. Cole, Claire E. Berryman, Graham Finlayson, Patrick N. Radcliffe, Matthew T. Kominsky, Nancy E. Murphy, John W. Carbone, Jennifer C. Rood, Andrew J. Young, and Stefan M. Pasiakos. Appetite Suppression and Altered Food Preferences Coincide with Changes in Appetite-Mediating Hormones During Energy Deficit at High Altitude, But Are Not Affected by Protein Intake. High Alt Med Biol. 00:000-000, 2018.-Anorexia and unintentional body weight loss are common during high altitude (HA) sojourn, but underlying mechanisms are not fully characterized, and the impact of dietary macronutrient composition on appetite regulation at HA is unknown...
February 12, 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
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