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Nutrition for fat loss

C Cortes-Oliveira, C F Nicoletti, M A de Souza Pinhel, B A P de Oliveira, D C G Quinhoneiro, N Y Noronha, J S Marchini, W A da Silva Júnior, W S Júnior, C B Nonino
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although energy restriction contributes to weight loss, it may also reduce energy expenditure, limiting the success of weight loss in the long term. Studies have described how genetics contributes to the development of obesity, and uncoupling proteins 1 and 2 (UCP1 and UCP2) and beta-3-adrenoceptor (ADRB3) have been implicated in the metabolic pathways that culminate in this condition. This study aimed to evaluate how the UCP1, UCP2 and ADRB3 genes influence weight loss in severely obese women submitted to hypocaloric dietary intervention...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
M Pourhassan, C-C Glüer, P Pick, W Tigges, M J Müller
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effect of weight loss-associated changes in detailed body composition on plasma insulin levels and homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) index to calculate the magnitude of reduction in different adipose tissue depots required to improve insulin sensitivity. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 50 subjects aged 20-69 years were studied. The participants were compiled from low-calorie diet interventions and bariatric surgery and differed in their baseline body mass index (BMI; range 21...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Gladys W Strain, Mehyar H Torghabeh, Michel Gagner, Faith Ebel, Gregory F Dakin, Jonathan S Abelson, Daniel Connolly, Alfons Pomp
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the multiple long-term effects of the biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS). METHODS: Patients who consented to a BPD/DS from 1999 to 2010 were evaluated for weight change, complications, comorbidity resolution, body composition, quality of life, and depressive symptoms during visits at 1, 3,5, 7, and 9 years. Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, and pair-wise comparisons were calculated for each of the five follow-up cohorts vs...
September 29, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Ramón Miralles, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Josep M Muniesa
BACKGROUNDS & AIMS: The European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus definition of malnutrition has been applied in hospitalized older diabetics and middle-aged patients, geriatric outpatients, and healthy elderly and young individuals. In a post-acute care setting, our aim was to assess malnutrition (ESPEN definition) and determine its relationship with sarcopenia in older in-patients deconditioned due to an acute process. METHODS: Eighty-eight in-patients aged ≥70 years with body mass index (BMI) <30 kg/m(2) were included (84...
September 9, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Sofia Ahola, Mari Auranen, Pirjo Isohanni, Satu Niemisalo, Niina Urho, Jana Buzkova, Vidya Velagapudi, Nina Lundbom, Antti Hakkarainen, Tiina Muurinen, Päivi Piirilä, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Anu Suomalainen
Mitochondrial myopathy (MM) with progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO) is a common manifestation of mitochondrial disease in adulthood, for which there is no curative therapy. In mice with MM, ketogenic diet significantly delayed progression of the disease. We asked in this pilot study what effects high-fat, low-carbohydrate "modified Atkins" diet (mAD) had for PEO/MM patients and control subjects and followed up the effects by clinical, morphological, transcriptomic, and metabolomic analyses. All of our five patients, irrespective of genotype, showed a subacute response after 1...
September 19, 2016: EMBO Molecular Medicine
Vanessa Fadanelli Schoenardie Poli, Ricardo Badan Sanches, Amanda Dos Santos Moraes, João Pedro Novo Fidalgo, Maythe Amaral Nascimento, Stephan Garcia Andrade-Silva, José Carlos Clemente, Liu Chiao Yi, Danielle Arisa Caranti
Assessing energy requirements is a fundamental activity in clinical dietetic practice. The aim of this study was to investigate which resting energy expenditure (REE) predictive equations are the best alternatives to indirect calorimetry before and after an interdisciplinary therapy in Brazilian obese women. In all, twelve equations based on weight, height, sex, age, fat-free mass and fat mass were tested. REE was measured by indirect calorimetry. The interdisciplinary therapy consisted of nutritional, physical exercise, psychological and physiotherapy support during the course of 1 year...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Timothy J Schultz, Peter Roupas, Richard Wiechula, Debra Krause, Susan Gravier, Anthony Tuckett, Sonia Hines, Alison Kitson
BACKGROUND: Optimizing body composition for healthy aging in the community is a significant challenge. There are a number of potential interventions available for older people to support both weight gain (for those who are underweight) and weight loss (for overweight or obese people). While the benefits of weight gain for underweight people are generally clearly defined, the value of weight loss in overweight or obese people is less clear, particularly for older people. OBJECTIVES: This umbrella review aimed to measure the effectiveness of nutritional interventions for optimizing healthy body composition in older adults living in the community and to explore theirqualitative perceptions...
August 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Paul M Rindler, Angela Cacciola, Michael Kinter, Luke I Szweda
We have recently demonstrated that catalase content in mouse cardiac mitochondria is selectively elevated in response to high dietary fat, a nutritional state associated with oxidative stress and loss in insulin signaling. Catalase and various isoforms of glutathione peroxidase and peroxiredoxin each catalyze the consumption of H2O2 Catalase, located primarily within peroxisomes and to a lesser extent mitochondria, has a low binding affinity for H2O2 relative to glutathione peroxidase and peroxiredoxin. As such, the contribution of catalase to mitochondrial H2O2 consumption is not well understood...
September 9, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Clara Sargentini, Roberto Tocci, Matteo Campostrini, Eleonora Pippi, Valeria Iaconisi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was the comparison between the carcass and the meat ewes of the regional Traditional market and the Islamic religious (Halal) market. METHODS: Thirty and 20 at the end of career traditional market and Halal market ewes were slaughtered following the EC (European Council, 2009) animal welfare guidelines. Live weight of ewes was taken and dressing percentage of carcasses was calculated. On every carcass zoometric measurement and the evaluation trough the EU grid rules were performed...
2016: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
D A de Luis, O Izaola, B de la Fuente, D Primo, R Aller
BACKGROUND: The main genetic variant described in NPY gene is rs16147 (G-399A) and it is located within the promoter region upstream of the gene for neropeptide Y (NPY). We evaluate the effects of the rs16147 NPY gene polymorphism on metabolic changes secondary to weight loss after 3 months of a hypocaloric diet in adult obese patients. METHODS: A population of 82 obese patients was analysed in an interventional design of one arm. Before and after 3 months on a hypocaloric diet, an anthropometric evaluation, an assessment of nutritional intake and a biochemical analysis were performed...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Inês Santos, Paulo N Vieira, Marlene N Silva, Luís B Sardinha, Pedro J Teixeira
To describe key behaviors reported by participants in the Portuguese Weight Control Registry and to determine associations between these behaviors and weight loss maintenance. A total of 388 adults participated in this cross-sectional study. Assessments included demographic information, weight history, weight loss and weight maintenance strategies, dietary intake, and physical activity. Participants lost on average 18 kg, which they had maintained for ~28 months. Their average dietary intake was 2199 kcal/day, with 33 % of energy coming from fat...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Mariusz Florek, Leszek Drozd, Piotr Skałecki, Piotr Domaradzki, Anna Litwińczuk, Katarzyna Tajchman
The proximate composition of meat from young and mature European beaver and physicochemical properties during storage were investigated. The young beaver meat contains 20.52g of protein and 1.86g of fat in 100g, while mature animals 22.16g and 0.73g. Index of nutritional quality for protein ranged from 2.03 to 2.24. Storage had a greater impact on the physicochemical properties of beaver meat than animal age and muscle type. The meat of mature beavers was significantly (P<0.05) darker (L*=28.51) in comparison with young animals (L*=30...
August 24, 2016: Meat Science
Keun Ok An, Junghoon Kim
OBJECTIVES: Age-related muscle loss (sarcopenia) and increased fat mass (obesity) may contribute to chronic disease. Multimorbidity needs more complex health care and is associated with an elevated risk of mortality, disability, and poor quality of life. Sarcopenia and obesity together may be more closely associated with multimorbidity than either sarcopenia or obesity alone. However, a possible multimorbidity link with sarcopenic obesity is unknown. Thus, we aimed to investigate the association of sarcopenic obesity and multimorbidity in Korean adults...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
F Maillard, S Rousset, B Pereira, A Traore, P de Pradel Del Amaze, Y Boirie, M Duclos, N Boisseau
AIM: This study compared the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) for 16 weeks on whole-body and abdominal fat mass (FM) in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Seventeen women (69±1 years; BMI: 31±1kg.m(-2)) were randomly assigned to either a HIIT [60×(8s at 77-85% HRmax, 12s of active recovery)] or MICT (40min at 55-60% of their individual HRR) cycling program for 16 weeks, 2 days/week...
August 23, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism
Bao Yi, Liang Chen, Renna Sa, Ruqing Zhong, Huan Xing, Hongfu Zhang
BACKGROUND: High concentrations of atmospheric ammonia are one of the key environmental stressors affecting broiler production performance, which causes remarkable economic losses as well as potential welfare problems of the broiler industry. Previous reports demonstrated that high levels of ammonia altered body fat distribution and meat quality of broilers. However, the molecular mechanisms and metabolic pathways in breast muscle altered by high concentrations of ambient ammonia exposure on broilers are still unknown...
2016: BMC Genomics
Sergio Harari, Davide Elia, Olga Torre, Elisabetta Bulgheroni, Elena Provasi, Joel Moss
A young woman received a diagnosis of abdominal, sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) and multiple abdominal lymphangioleiomyomas and was referred for recurrent chylous ascites responding only to a fat-free diet. On admission, pulmonary function test (PFT) results showed a moderate reduction in the transfer factor for carbon monoxide with normal exercise performance. The serum vascular endothelial growth factor D (VEGF-D) level was 2,209 pg/mL. DNA sequences, amplified at loci kg8, D16S3395, D16S3024, D16S521, and D16S291 on chromosome 16p13...
August 2016: Chest
Neha Bakshi, Kalyani Singh
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is highly prevalent in patients undergoing liver transplantation and has been associated to various clinical variables and outcome of the surgery. METHODS: We recruited 54 adult patients undergoing living donor liver transplant (LT) as study sample. Nutrition assessment was performed by body mass index (BMI), BMI for ascites, albumin, subjective global assessment (SGA) and anthropometry [mid upper arm circumference (MUAC), mid arm muscle circumference (MAMC), and triceps skin-fold (TSF)], Hand Grip strength, and phase angle of the body...
August 2016: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
Priscila Giacomo Fassini, Carolina Ferreira Nicoletti, Karina Pfrimer, Carla Barbosa Nonino, Júlio Sérgio Marchini, Eduardo Ferriolli
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) represents a serious intestinal absorption disorder. Therefore, patients with SBS may have severe malnutrition and excessive mineral and fluid losses. Once the assessment of nutritional status is important in their follow-up, body composition measurements and especially total body water (TBW) must be repeatedly evaluated for the assessment of changes in hydration and nutritional care. The aim of this study was to investigate if bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) is a useful predictor of nutritional and hydration status in SBS patients...
July 27, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Alfonso Varela-López, Francesca Giampieri, Pedro Bullón, Maurizio Battino, José L Quiles
The risk of different oral problems (root caries, tooth mobility, and tooth loss) can be increased by the presence of periodontal disease, which has also been associated with a growing list of systemic diseases. The presence of some bacteria is the primary etiology of this disease; a susceptible host is also necessary for disease initiation. In this respect, the progression of periodontal disease and healing of the periodontal tissues can be modulated by nutritional status. To clarify the role of lipids in the establishment, progression, and/or treatment of this pathology, a systematic review was conducted of English-written literature in PubMed until May 2016, which included research on the relationship of these dietary components with the onset and progression of periodontal disease...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Monica Sethi, Edward Chau, Allison Youn, Yan Jiang, George Fielding, Christine Ren-Fielding
BACKGROUND: There are minimal long-term data on biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) with or without duodenal switch (BPD/DS). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term weight loss, co-morbidity remission, complications, and quality of life after BPD and BPD/DS. SETTING: An academic, university hospital in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients who underwent BPD or BPD/DS between 1999 and 2011...
March 9, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
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