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Mitral valve repair history

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184269/different-presentation-of-anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-in-adults-case-reports
#1
Alwaleed Al-Dairy, Yousef Rezaei, Maziar Gholampour Dehaki, Anita Sadeghpour, Zia Totonchi, Hamidreza Pouraliakbar, Alireza Alizadeh Ghavidel
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital cardiac malformation. We report three cases of ALCAPA who survived to adulthood. The first case was a 51-year-old woman who complained of typical chest pain that was diagnosed with ALCAPA using cardiac catheterization and coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA). The second case was a 30-year-old woman with a history of surgery for atrial septal defect at 10 years old who presented with progressive exertional dyspnea...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166877/a-prospective-study-examining-the-role-of-myocardial-fibrosis-in-outcome-following-mitral-valve-repair-in-degenerative-mitral-regurgitation-rationale-and-design-of-the-mitral-finder-study
#2
Boyang Liu, Nicola C Edwards, Desley A H Neal, Christopher Weston, Gerard Nash, Nicolas Nikolaidis, Thomas Barker, Ramesh Patel, Moninder Bhabra, Richard P Steeds
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of chronic severe primary degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) is to repair the valve but identification of the optimal timing of surgery remains challenging. Current guidelines suggest 'watchful waiting' until the onset of symptoms or left ventricular (LV) dysfunction but these have been challenged as promoting 'rescue surgery'. Better predictors are required to inform decision-making in relation to the necessity and timing of surgery. Chronic volume overload is a stimulus for adverse adaptive LV remodelling...
November 22, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128570/outcomes-in-degenerative-mitral-regurgitation-current-state-of-the-art-and-future-directions
#3
REVIEW
Milind Y Desai, Francesco Grigioni, Marco Di Eusanio, Matteo Saccocci, Maurizio Taramasso, Francesco Maisano, Rakesh M Suri, A Marc Gillinov
Mitral regurgitation (MR) is the one of the most frequent valvular heart diseases in the developed world, often requiring surgical correction. Degenerative MR is the most common type of non-ischemic, organic MR in the western world. Since no medical treatment has been shown to be effective in preventing the consequences of volume overload in asymptomatic degenerative MR, risk stratification is essential. Currently, this is achieved using clinical and precisely quantified echocardiographic parameters, with newer technologies like cardiac magnetic resonance gaining increasing prominence...
November 8, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117502/mitral-valve-repair-in-degenerative-mitral-regurgitation-state-of-the-art
#4
REVIEW
Michele De Bonis, Ottavio Alfieri, Malcolm Dalrymple-Hay, Benedetto Del Forno, Filip Dulguerov, Gilles Dreyfus
In industrialized countries, the most common etiology of mitral regurgitation (MR) is degenerative mitral valve (MV) disease. The natural history of severe degenerative MR is poor. However, its appropriate and timely correction is associated with a life expectancy similar to that of the normal population. Surgical MV repair is the gold standard treatment. This review will focus on the most recent evidence with a specific emphasis on surgical indications, timing of treatment, contemporary surgical techniques, Heart Teams and Centers of Excellence...
November 5, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071745/anterior-mitral-valve-perforation-in-the-absence-of-acute-infection-diagnosis-by-two-dimensional-and-three-dimensional-transesophageal-echocardiography
#5
Mary Mashicharan, Peter J Cowburn, Steven A Livesey, Benoy N Shah
Anterior mitral valve leaflet (AMVL) perforation is most commonly seen in the setting of infective endocarditis. We present a case of AMVL perforation in a previously healthy 62-year-old male who presented with a six-month history of worsening dyspnea and peripheral edema. Blood cultures, inflammatory markers, and autoimmune profile were negative. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated severe mitral regurgitation (MR) with a possible AMVL perforation, which was confirmed by three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography as a well-circumscribed hole in the A2 segment...
October 26, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016551/pectoral-fascial-pecs-i-and-ii-blocks-as-rescue-analgesia-in-a-patient-undergoing-minimally-invasive-cardiac-surgery
#6
Suraj Yalamuri, Rebecca Y Klinger, W Michael Bullock, Donald D Glower, Brandi A Bottiger, Jeffrey C Gadsden
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing minimally invasive cardiac surgery have the potential for significant pain from the thoracotomy site. We report the successful use of pectoral nerve block types I and II (Pecs I and II) as rescue analgesia in a patient undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve repair. CASE REPORT: In this case, a 78-year-old man, with no history of chronic pain, underwent mitral valve repair via right anterior thoracotomy for severe mitral regurgitation...
November 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986731/successful-management-of-prolonged-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-an-octogenarian
#7
Masami Takagaki, Hiroki Yamaguchi, Shinichi Mitsuyama, Tasuku Kadowaki, Takeshi Ando
Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is now an established treatment for acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, this treatment remains rare in octogenarians and is associated with poor outcomes. An 81-year-old man with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and heavy smoking underwent mitral and tricuspid valve repair and the Maze procedure for mitral and tricuspid regurgitation and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Although he was extubated the following day, his postoperative course was complicated with pneumonia followed by acute respiratory distress syndrome...
December 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942609/custom-extracellular-matrix-cylinder-mitral-valve-in-a-pediatric-patient
#8
Clifford L Cua, Pace Johnston, Jill Harmon, Kathryn Shelton, Patrick I McConnell
Mitral valve construction using extracellular matrix (ECM) is a relatively new procedure. In this case, a 15-month-old boy with a history of severe mitral valve regurgitation secondary to endocarditis underwent mitral valve surgery. Mitral valve repair was not possible, and thus, a 17 mm extracellular matrix cylinder valve (ECM-CV) was constructed for valve replacement. The ECM-CV is clearly imaged using echocardiography, especially three-dimensional imaging, that helped define valve function. As the use of ECM for valve construction increases, echocardiography will play an essential role in evaluating the function and mechanics of these novel valves...
September 24, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894056/-emergency-mitral-valvoplasty-for-papillary-muscle-rupture
#9
Keishi Ueyama, Motohiro Koyama, Kenji Otaki, Kae Ito
We experienced 2 emergency surgical cases of severe mitral valve regurgitation due to papillary muscle rupture. Case 1:a 69-year-old man presented with respiratory and cardiac failure due to mitral regurgitation. He had no history of myocardial infarction. Mitral valve repair with artificial cords was performed. The papillary muscle of the anterior leaflet was ruptured. The postoperative course was uneventful. Case 2:a 80-year-old man came to our hospital with cardiac arrest. Emergency coronary intervention was performed to the right coronary and intraaortic balloon pumping was inserted...
September 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740713/outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-double-valve-surgery
#10
Orlando Santana, Steve Xydas, Roy F Williams, Angelo LaPietra, Maurice Mawad, Frederick Hasty, Esteban Escolar, Christos G Mihos
BACKGROUND: Double valve surgery is associated with an increased peri-operative morbidity and mortality. A less invasive right thoracotomy approach may be a viable alternative to median sternotomy surgery in these higher-risk patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the baseline demographics, operative characteristics, and post-operative outcomes of patients who underwent minimally invasive double valve surgery between January 2009 and December 2011 at our institution...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725332/thyrotoxic-valvulopathy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Keniel Pierre, Sushee Gadde, Bassam Omar, G Mustafa Awan, Christopher Malozzi
We report a 42-year-old female who was admitted for abdominal pain, and also endorsed dyspnea, fatigue and chronic palpitations. Past medical history included asthma, patent ductus arteriosus repaired in childhood and ill-defined thyroid disease. Physical examination revealed blood pressure of 136/88 mm Hg and heart rate of 149 beats per minute. Cardiovascular exam revealed an irregularly irregular rhythm, and pulmonary exam revealed mild expiratory wheezing. Abdomen was tender. Electrocardiogram revealed atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response which responded to intravenous diltiazem...
June 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655533/a-unique-hybrid-approach-to-complex-re-do-aortic-root-surgery
#12
Fiona Doig, Rishen Naidoo, Vinod Sharma, Peter Tesar
BACKGROUND: We present the case of a 23-year-old male with ventriculo-aortic dehiscence and a retrosternal false aneurysm communicating to the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) and ascending aorta. His history included aortic valve replacement (AVR) and mitral valve (MV) repair remotely, followed by two further operations for endocarditis and aortic root abscess. METHODS: The risk associated with the redo surgery required detailed planning and innovative techniques to allow it to be performed safely...
June 1, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648010/-experience-of-sun-s-procedure-for-chronic-type-b-dissection-with-aortic-arch-involvement
#13
R D Qi, J M Zhu, L Chen, C N Li, Z Y Qiao, L J Cheng, Y P Ge, H O Hu, Y Xia, X Y Xing, T Zheng, Y M Liu, L Z Sun
Objective: To study the surgical treatment of chronic type B dissection with aortic arch involvement using Sun's procedure. Methods: Between February 2009 and December 2015, 29 patients [20 males, 9 females, with a mean age of (41±12) years, range 24-64 years] with type B dissection with aortic arch involvement underwent Sun's procedure. Sixteen patient had a history of hypertension. Marfan syndrome was observed in 9 cases, coronary artery disease in 3 cases, mitral regurgitation in 3 patients, cerebrovascular disease in one patient...
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638687/aneurysm-of-the-ascending-aorta-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Hector Corominas, Maria Tsokos, Martha Quezado, George C Tsokos
Cardiovascular manifestations in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are common, but aortic aneurysm formation is rare. We present a 63-year-old male SLE patient with a two-year history of skin lesions, leucopenia, pericarditis, mitral valve vegetations consistent with Liebman-Sacks endocarditis, and an aneurysm of the ascending aorta, which was successfully repaired surgically. Histologic examination of the aneurysm showed medial cystic degeneration, smooth muscle necrosis, and mild adventitial perivascular lymphocytic aggregates...
June 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541598/pediatric-melody-mitral-valve-replacement-in-acute-endocarditis-alternative-surgical-hybrid-technique
#15
Ireneusz Haponiuk, Maciej Chojnicki, Radosław Jaworski, Mariusz Steffens, Konrad Paczkowski, Aneta Szofer-Sendrowska, Marta Paśko-Majewska, Katarzyna Gierat-Haponiuk, Anna Romanowicz, Wiktor Szymanowicz
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Acute endocarditis (AE) is still rare disease in pediatric population, nevertheless the children suffering from AE usually need heart valves repair or replacement in emergency settings. METHODS: We present a case of emergency mitral valve replacement with the use of Melody balloon expandable stented bioprosthesis in a 2-years-old patient with acute endocarditis, subsequent mitral (bicuspid) valve incompetence after aggressive infective destruction with the symptoms of critical multiorgan failure...
May 25, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524741/a-surgical-case-of-mycotic-aneurysm-with-staphylococcus-lugdunensis-endocarditis
#16
Kosuke Mukaihara, Kazuhisa Matsumoto, Jun Kadono, Yutaka Imoto
A 74-year-old man with a history of mitral valve repair was referred to our hospital with fever and diagnosed with mitral valve endocarditis involving occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery. Bacterial cultures showed Staphylococcus lugdunensis. Despite antibiotic therapy, orthopnea ensued due to valve destruction. Emergency mitral valve replacement was performed. Computed tomography on postoperative day 10 revealed a rapidly expanding mycotic aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery. Aneurysmectomy was undertaken...
May 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489014/-surgical-treatment-for-endocarditis-in-iceland-1997-2003
#17
Ragnheiður M Johannesdottir, Tomas Gudbjartsson, Arnar Geirsson
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of operations for endocarditis in Iceland, but such results have not been reported before. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective nation-wide study of pa--tients that underwent open-heart surgery for infective endocarditis at Landspitali University Hospital in 1997-2013. Variables were collected from hospital charts. Long-term survival was analysed using Kaplan- Meier methods. Mean follow-up time was 7...
February 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477331/surgical-management-of-nonbacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis-in-malignancy
#18
Daisuke Kaneyuki, Kaoru Matsuura, Hideki Ueda, Hiroki Kohno, Michiyo Kanbe, Goro Matsumiya
BACKGROUND: Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis is commonly seen on heart valves in patients with malignant or collagen diseases. The natural prognosis of nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis is reported to be poor due to underlying malignancy. Surgical indications and appropriate timing for surgery for nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis and underlying malignancy have not been formally studied. CASE PRESENTATION: The case was a 45-year-old woman who presented with a history of systemic embolization associated with occult malignancy...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473362/helcococcus-kunzii-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-secondary-to-lower-extremity-cellulitis
#19
Saira Farid, William Miranda, Joseph Maleszewski, Muhammad Rizwan Sohail
An 88-year-old man with history of bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement was hospitalised with fever, chills, malaise and right lower extremity cellulitis. Laboratory investigations revealed leucocytosis and blood cultures grew Helcococcus kunzii Although transoesophageal echocardiography was negative for endocarditis, the patient was treated with 4 week of intravenous ceftriaxone. However, he was readmitted 6 weeks later with symptoms of fever, chills and hypoxia in setting of recurrent H. kunzii bacteraemia...
May 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423130/bovine-pericardial-patch-augmentation-of-one-insufficient-aortic-valve-cusp-with-twenty-three-year-positive-clinical-follow-up-independent-of-the-patch-degeneration
#20
Paulo Roberto Barbosa Evora, Lívia Arcêncio, Patrícia Martinez Evora, Antônio Carlos Menardi, Fernando Chahud
Scientific progress shall ultimately boost the current acceptance level for conservative aortic valve surgery. The present text aimed to report the 23-year long-term follow-up of one patient operated with bovine pericardium cusp extension. Growing confidence in the efficacy of the operation will allow a more expeditious indication for surgical treatment, as is already the case in mitral valve repair. This change of attitude will certainly make it possible for patients to be sent for operation in mild aortic valve regurgitation...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
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