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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448753/road-traffic-injury-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review-and-summary-of-observational-studies
#1
João Ricardo N Vissoci, Daniel J Shogilev, Elizabeth Krebs, Luciano de Andrade, Igor Fiorese Vieira, Nicole Toomey, Adelia Portero Batilana, Michael Haglund, Catherine A Staton
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate, through a systematic review of hospital based studies, the proportion of road traffic injuries and fatalities in SSA. METHODS: In accordance with PRISMA and MOOSE guidelines we searched the following electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, Africa-Wide Information, Global Health, and Web of Science. Articles were eligible if they measured proportion of RTIs in SSA by using hospital based studies. In addition, a reference and citation analysis was conducted as well as a data quality assessment...
April 27, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443175/the-versatile-approach-a-novel-single-incision-combined-with-anterior-and-posterior-approaches-for-decompression-and-instrumented-fusion-to-treat-tuberculosis-of-the-thoracic-spine
#2
Sudhir Kumar Srivastava, Rishi Anil Aggarwal, Sunil Krishna Bhosale, Kunal Roy, Pradip Sharad Nemade
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PURPOSE: To describe a novel single incision that combines anterior and posterior approaches for decompression and instrumented fusion to treat tuberculosis of the thoracic spine and study the neurological and radiological outcomes. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Tuberculosis of the spine remains a major health issue in many developing countries. The options for treating tuberculosis of the thoracic spine include the anterior, posterior, and combined approaches, each with its advantages and disadvantages...
April 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433259/building-the-foundations-for-sustainable-development-a-case-for-global-investment-in-the-capabilities-of-adolescents
#3
Peter Sheehan, Kim Sweeny, Bruce Rasmussen, Annababette Wils, Howard S Friedman, Jacqueline Mahon, George C Patton, Susan M Sawyer, Eric Howard, John Symons, Karin Stenberg, Satvika Chalasani, Neelam Maharaj, Nicola Reavley, Hui Shi, Masha Fridman, Alison Welsh, Emeka Nsofor, Laura Laski
Investment in the capabilities of the world's 1·2 billion adolescents is vital to the UN's Sustainable Development Agenda. We examined investments in countries of low income, lower-middle income, and upper-middle income covering the majority of these adolescents globally to derive estimates of investment returns given existing knowledge. The costs and effects of the interventions were estimated by adapting existing models and by extending methods to create new modelling tools. Benefits were valued in terms of increased gross domestic product and averted social costs...
April 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431334/one-hundred-injured-patients-a-day-multicenter-emergency-room-surveillance-of-trauma-in-pakistan
#4
A A Hyder, S He, W Zafar, M U Mir, J A Razzak
OBJECTIVES: Injuries increasingly contribute to the global burden of disease in low- and middle-income countries. This study presents results from a large-scale surveillance study on injury from several urban emergency departments (EDs) in Pakistan. The objective is to document the burden of injuries that present to the healthcare system in Pakistan and to test the feasibility of an ED-based injury and trauma surveillance system. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted using active surveillance approach...
April 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429404/air-pollution-weight-loss-and-metabolic-benefits-of-bariatric-surgery-a-potential-model-for-study-of-metabolic-effects-of-environmental-exposures
#5
R Ghosh, W J Gauderman, H Minor, H A Youn, F Lurmann, K R Cromar, L Chatzi, B Belcher, C R Fielding, R McConnell
BACKGROUND: Emerging experimental evidence suggests that air pollution may contribute to development of obesity and diabetes, but studies of children are limited. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that pollution effects would be magnified after bariatric surgery for treatment of obesity, reducing benefits of surgery. METHODS: In 75 obese adolescents, excess weight loss (EWL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c ) were measured prospectively at baseline and following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB)...
April 21, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427889/lost-in-translation-cultural-divides-in-communication-skills-teaching-identified-in-the-icch-2016-student-symposium
#6
Heather K Schopper, Nasteha A Mohamed, Max Seegel, Kseniya Gorina, Jonathan Silverman, Marcy Rosenbaum
OBJECTIVE: To provide a platform for learners' voices at an international conference on communication in healthcare. METHODS: A group of medical students were invited to explore their experiences with communication skills learning at a symposium at the 2016 International Conference on Communication in Healthcare in Heidelberg, DE. RESULTS: Students from the US, Denmark, Germany, and Russia discussed their experiences with communication skills curriculum at their institutions...
April 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413793/pediatric-hematological-malignancy-identification-of-issues-involved-in-the-road-to-diagnosis
#7
Jeyaanth P Venkatasai, Srividya Srinivasamaharaj, Latha Magatha Sneha, Julius Xavier Scott, Anu Kurian Baby, Mahalakshmi Rajan
INTRODUCTION: Childhood malignancy, although a rare phenomenon, is still the leading cause of mortality in the pediatric population. Early diagnosis and treatment are imperative for the achievement of optimal prognosis. The study of factors facilitating the delay in diagnosis is thus of utmost importance, to both shorten the diagnostic delay and allow for early therapeutic intervention, facilitating a higher prognosis. OBJECTIVE: To assess the referral pattern and the identification of potential delays in the diagnosis of childhood malignancy in a developing country...
January 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408102/exploring-data-sources-for-road-traffic-injury-in-cameroon-collection-and-completeness-of-police-records-newspaper-reports-and-a-hospital-trauma-registry
#8
Catherine Juillard, Marquise Kouo Ngamby, Martin Ekeke Monono, Georges Alain Etoundi Mballa, Rochelle A Dicker, Kent A Stevens, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injury surveillance systems are a cornerstone of organized efforts at injury control. Although high-income countries rely on established trauma registries and police databases, in low- and middle-income countries, the data source that provides the best collection of road traffic injury events in specific low- and middle-income country contexts without mature surveillance systems is unclear. The objective of this study was to compare the information available on road traffic injuries in 3 data sources used for surveillance in the sub-Saharan African country of Cameroon, providing potential insight on data sources for road traffic injury surveillance in low- and middle-income countries...
April 10, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408082/injury-factors-associated-with-discharge-status-from-emergency-room-at-two-major-trauma-hospitals-in-the-gambia-africa
#9
REVIEW
Edrisa Sanyang, Corinne Peek-Asa, Paul Bass, Tracy L Young, Abubacarr Jagne, Baba Njie
INTRODUCTION: Injuries are the leading cause of disability across all ages and gender. In this study, we identified predictors of discharge status and disability at discharge among patients who seek emergency room treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in two major trauma hospitals in urban Gambia. 1905 patients participated in the study. 74.9% were males, and 25.1% were females. The study includes injured patients from all mechanisms. However, patients' records without age, gender, injury mechanism, and deposition from the emergency room were considered incomplete and excluded...
April 5, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385178/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-injuries-in-kenya-a-multisite-surveillance-study
#10
Isaac M Botchey, Yuen W Hung, Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Fatima Paruk, Amber Mehmood, Hassan Saidi, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Injury is a leading cause of disability and death worldwide, accounting for over 5 million deaths each year. The injury burden is higher in low- and middle-income countries where more than 90% of injury-related deaths occur. Despite this burden, the use of prospective trauma registries to describe injury epidemiology and outcomes is limited in low- and middle-income countries. Kenya lacks robust data to describe injury epidemiology and care. The objective of this study was to investigate the epidemiology and outcomes of injuries at 4 referral hospitals in Kenya using hospital-based trauma registries...
April 3, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383165/shaping-the-professional-landscape-through-research-advocacy-and-education-an-australian-perspective
#11
Gemma Siemensma, Ann Ritchie, Suzanne Lewis
This article is the first in a new series in this regular feature. The intention of the series is to look at important global developments in health science libraries. Librarians will be invited to share with HILJ readers key initiatives in their country or region. These articles should serve as a road map, describing the key changes in the field and exploring factors driving these changes. We initiate this series with an article by three Australian librarians who use research findings to depict the evolving professional landscape in their country...
April 6, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362025/the-effect-of-neighboring-districts-on-body-height-of-polish-conscripts
#12
Aleksandra Gomula, Slawomir Koziel, Detlef Groth, Tadeusz Bielicki
The aim of the study was to investigate the correlation of heights of conscripts living in neighboring districts in Poland. The study used 10% of a nationally representative sample of 26,178 males 18.5-19.5 years old examined during the National survey of Polish conscripts conducted in 2001. The sample represented all regions and social strata of the country and included 354 different districts within 16 voivodships (provinces). Analyses were performed with the R statistical software. A small but significant correlation (0...
February 23, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362024/modeling-a-secular-trend-by-monte-carlo-simulation-of-height-biased-migration-in-a-spatial-network
#13
Detlef Groth
Background: In a recent Monte Carlo simulation, the clustering of body height of Swiss military conscripts within a spatial network with characteristic features of the natural Swiss geography was investigated. In this study I examined the effect of migration of tall individuals into network hubs on the dynamics of body height within the whole spatial network. The aim of this study was to simulate height trends. Material and methods: Three networks were used for modeling, a regular rectangular fishing net like network, a real world example based on the geographic map of Switzerland, and a random network...
February 23, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361472/a-global-perspective-of-fine-particulate-matter-pollution-and-its-health-effects
#14
Arideep Mukherjee, Madhoolika Agrawal
Fine particulate matter (PM) in the ambient air is implicated in a variety of human health issues throughout the globe. Regulation of fine PM in the atmosphere requires information on the dimension of the problem with respect to variations in concentrations and sources. To understand the current status of fine particles in the atmosphere and their potential harmful health effects in different regions of the world this review article was prepared based on peer-reviewed scientific papers, scientific reports, and database from government organizations published after the year 2000 to evaluate the global scenario of the PM2...
March 31, 2017: Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353686/genetic-structure-and-invasion-history-of-the-house-mouse-mus-musculus-domesticus-in-senegal-west-africa-a-legacy-of-colonial-and-contemporary-times
#15
C Lippens, A Estoup, M K Hima, A Loiseau, C Tatard, A Dalecky, K Bâ, M Kane, M Diallo, A Sow, Y Niang, S Piry, K Berthier, R Leblois, J-M Duplantier, C Brouat
Knowledge of the genetic make-up and demographic history of invasive populations is critical to understand invasion mechanisms. Commensal rodents are ideal models to study whether complex invasion histories are typical of introductions involving human activities. The house mouse Mus musculus domesticus is a major invasive synanthropic rodent originating from South-West Asia. It has been largely studied in Europe and on several remote islands, but the genetic structure and invasion history of this taxon have been little investigated in several continental areas, including West Africa...
March 29, 2017: Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352456/re-imagining-the-future-of-diagnosis-of-neglected-tropical-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Rosanna W Peeling, Debrah I Boeras, John Nkengasong
Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) affect an estimated 1 billion people in 149 countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) prioritised 17 NTDs for control and elimination by 2020 and defined a Road Map to help countries reach these goals. Improved diagnostics for NTDs are essential for guiding treatment strategies at different thresholds of control, interruption of transmission, elimination and post-elimination surveillance. While substantial progress has been made in the last decade with chemotherapy, the same cannot be said of diagnostics, largely due to the perceived lack of a commercially viable market for NTD diagnostics...
2017: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342925/epidemiology-and-characteristics-of-neurosurgical-conditions-at-mbarara-regional-referral-hospital
#17
Jihad Abdelgadir, Emily R Smith, Maria Punchak, Joao Ricardo Vissoci, Catherine Staton, Alex Muhindo, David Kitya, Lawrence P Park, Michael M Haglund
BACKGROUND: The unmet surgical need, specifically neurosurgical need, in Uganda is significant, yet only two public hospitals currently perform neurosurgery in the country. This study examines the epidemiology and outcomes of neurosurgical conditions presenting to one of 12 regional referral hospitals in Uganda, in an effort to understand the neurosurgical needs of this population. METHODS: The study was conducted at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital (MRRH), in southwestern Uganda...
March 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340303/epidemiology-and-patterns-of-facial-fractures-due-to-road-traffic-accidents-in-taiwan-a-15%C3%A2-years-retrospective-study
#18
Cheng-San Yang, Solomon Chih-Cheng Chen, Yung-Cheng Yang, Li-Chung Huang, How-Ran Guo, Hsin-Yi Yang
OBJECTIVE: The facial region is a commonly fractured site, but the etiology varies widely by country and geographic region. To date, there are no population-based studies of facial fractures in Taiwan. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with facial fracture and registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan between 1997 and 2011. The epidemiological characteristics of this cohort were analyzed, including the etiology, fracture site, associated injuries, and sex and age distributions...
March 24, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336387/the-word-heart-federation-roadmap-for-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Adrianna Murphy, Amitava Banerjee, Günter Breithardt, A John Camm, Patrick Commerford, Ben Freedman, J Antonio Gonzalez-Hermosillo, Jonathan L Halperin, Chu-Pak Lau, Pablo Perel, Denis Xavier, David Wood, Xavier Jouven, Carlos A Morillo
BACKGROUND: The World Heart Federation has undertaken an initiative to develop a series of Roadmaps to promote development of national policies and health systems approaches, and to identify potential roadblocks on the road to effective prevention, detection, and management of cardiovascular disease in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) and develop strategies for overcoming these. This Roadmap focuses on atrial fibrillation (AF). AF is the most common, clinically significant arrhythmia and, among other clinical outcomes, is associated with increased risk of stroke...
March 20, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334680/assessing-driving-forces-of-land-use-and-land-cover-change-by-a-mixed-method-approach-in-north-eastern-ghana-west-africa
#20
Janina Kleemann, Gülendam Baysal, Henry N N Bulley, Christine Fürst
Land use and land cover change (LULCC) is the result of complex human-environmental interactions. The high interdependencies in social-ecological systems make it difficult to identify the main drivers. However, knowledge of key drivers of LULCC, including indirect (underlying) drivers which cannot be easily determined by spatial or economic analyses, is essential for land use planning and especially important in developing countries. We used a mixed-method approach in order to detect drivers of LULCC in the Upper East Region of northern Ghana by different qualitative and quantitative methods which were compared in a confidence level analysis...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
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