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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640970/prevalence-of-new-psychoactive-substances-and-prescription-drugs-in-the-belgian-driving-under-the-influence-of-drugs-population
#1
S M R Wille, C Richeval, M Nachon-Phanithavong, J M Gaulier, V Di Fazio, L Humbert, N Samyn, D Allorge
Driving under the influence of drugs (DUID) is a worldwide problem. Several countries adopted DUID legislations which prove their deterrent effect and impact on road safety. However, use of new psychoactive substances (NPS) and prescription drugs is not known as the applied roadside screening tests are not yet adapted for these compounds. In this study, 558 blood samples obtained during roadside controls in Belgium (January to August 2015) after a positive Drugwipe 5S® test and 199 oral fluid (OF) samples obtained from negatively screened test pads were analyzed...
June 22, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631704/-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-intracardiac-thrombosis-a-description-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-literature
#2
Z S Alekberova, P S Ovcharov, T A Lisitsyna, A V Volkov, T V Popkova
Behçet's disease (BD) is systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, which is more common in the countries located along the Great Silk Road. The disease is diagnosed if a patient has 4 key diagnostic signs: aphthous stomatitis, genital sores, and eye and skin lesions. Vascular diseases referred to as minor criteria for BD are characterized by the formation of aneurysms and thrombosis, predominantly in the venous bed. In venous disorders, a blood clot can form in any vessel, including caval, cerebral, pulmonary, and other veins...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630538/abortion-law-and-policy-around-the-world-in-search-of-decriminalization
#3
Marge Berer
The aim of this paper is to provide a panoramic view of laws and policies on abortion around the world, giving a range of country-based examples. It shows that the plethora of convoluted laws and restrictions surrounding abortion do not make any legal or public health sense. What makes abortion safe is simple and irrefutable-when it is available on the woman's request and is universally affordable and accessible. From this perspective, few existing laws are fit for purpose. However, the road to law reform is long and difficult...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624072/violent-events-on-the-road-risk-perception-of-traffic-related-and-non-traffic-related-situations
#4
Lilian de Oliveira Vilela da Silva, Marilita Gnecco de Camargo Braga
This study aimed at identifying and comparing subjective risk perception regarding two different violent situations in urban roads: traffic accidents (i.e. crashes) and robberies. A robbery consists of subtracting something from someone, while seriously threatening the victim, or using violence. Robberies can be perpetrated either with or without the use of a weapon. This study was carried out in the city of Uberlândia, a medium size city in the state of Minas Gerais, south-east Brazil. A total of 383 people was interviewed at home in two boroughs of Uberlândia, using a questionnaire divided in five parts: a) personal information; b) description of crash involvement; c) description of robbery involvement; d) the chance of being involved in a crash and in a robbery within the next three years; e) willingness to pay for more safety in traffic or for more security against robberies; f) what causes more damage or harm to society, crashes or robberies...
June 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620576/polish-experience-of-implementing-vision-zero
#5
REVIEW
Kazimierz Jamroz, Lech Michalski, Joanna Żukowska
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study is to present an outline and the principles of Poland's road safety strategic programming as it has developed over the last 25 years since the first Integrated Road Safety System with a strong focus on Sweden's "Vision Zero". RECENT FINDINGS: Countries that have successfully improved road safety have done so by following strategies centred around the idea that people are not infallible and will make mistakes. The human body can only take a limited amount of energy upon impact, so roads, vehicles and road safety programmes must be designed to address this...
2017: Current Trauma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618349/management-of-parotid-duct-injury-secondary-to-cow-horn-in-a-developing-country
#6
Hady Tall, Charles Edouard Molinier, Ahmed Alshamsi, El Hadj Malick Diop, Bernard Fraysse
Stensen duct injury has been reported in the medical literature following penetrating injuries of the cheek or by exeresis of tumors of the cheek or of the oral mucosa. This type of physical trauma often arises from injuries as a result being assaulted (e.g. with knife) or from road accidents. The complexity of the damage to the anatomical structures and the causative agent sometimes makes the diagnosis difficult. We report on a clinical case of managemenent Stensen duct injury secondary of goring by a cow horn...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612900/italian-law-on-the-vehicular-homicide-medical-legal-issues-and-comparative-analysis
#7
G Montanari Vergallo, E Marinelli, N M di Luca, V Masotti, R Cecchi, S Zaami
Law no. 41/2016, enacted after a parliamentary debate characterized by a strong media pressure, intends to give a strong response to the growing social alarm caused by road accidents causing deaths. In this perspective, it introduced the categories of road homicide and road injuries within the Penal Code and the new hypotheses of mandatory and facultative arrest in flagrante delicto. This paper aims at comparing the rules by which the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Germany and Italy protect people's lives and safety of vehicular traffic in order to highlight strengths and weaknesses with a view to future reforms...
May 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606439/the-epidemiological-analysis-of-maxillofacial-fractures-in-italy-the-experience-of-a-single-tertiary-center-with-1720-patients
#8
Paola Bonavolontà, Giovanni Dell'aversana Orabona, Vincenzo Abbate, Luigi Angelo Vaira, Carmelo Lo Faro, Marzia Petrocelli, Federica Attanasi, Giacomo De Riu, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
PURPOSE: Maxillofacial fractures represent a serious public health problem. Their epidemiology is extremely variable, and its analysis is crucial to establish effective treatment and prevention of these injuries. However only two works have been published about maxillofacial fracture epidemiology in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 1720 patients diagnosed with maxillofacial fractures in a 15-years period (2001-2015) in our department were retrospectively reviewed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601747/road-traffic-crash-risk-associated-with-prescription-of-hydroxyzine-and-other-sedating-h1-antihistamines-a-responsibility-and-case-crossover-study
#9
Ludivine Orriols, Audrey Luxcey, Benjamin Contrand, Anne Bénard-Laribière, Antoine Pariente, Blandine Gadegbeku, Emmanuel Lagarde
BACKGROUND: H1 antihistamines differ from each other by their ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. The resulting sedating effect can be sought in therapy but may be a driving hazard. The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of sedating H1-antihistamines on the risk of road traffic crash, with a particular focus on hydroxyzine which is also indicated as an anxiolytic in France. METHODS: The study consisted in extracting and matching data from three French nationwide databases: the national healthcare insurance database, police reports and the police national database of injurious crashes...
June 8, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594870/spatial-planning-for-a-green-economy-national-level-hydrologic-ecosystem-services-priority-areas-for-gabon
#10
Joshua Howard Goldstein, Heather Tallis, Aaron Cole, Steven Schill, Erik Martin, Michael Heiner, Marie-Claire Paiz, Allison Aldous, Colin Apse, Barry Nickel
Rapidly developing countries contain both the bulk of intact natural areas and biodiversity, and the greatest untapped natural resource stocks, placing them at the forefront of "green" economic development opportunities. However, most lack scientific tools to create development plans that account for biodiversity and ecosystem services, diminishing the real potential to be sustainable. Existing methods focus on biodiversity and carbon priority areas across large geographies (e.g., countries, states/provinces), leaving out essential services associated with water supplies, among others...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578674/space-time-patterns-in-maternal-and-mother-mortality-in-a-rural-south-african-population-with-high-hiv-prevalence-2000-2014-results-from-a-population-based-cohort
#11
B Tlou, B Sartorius, F Tanser
BACKGROUND: International organs such as, the African Union and the South African Government view maternal health as a dominant health prerogative. Even though most countries are making progress, maternal mortality in South Africa (SA) significantly increased between 1990 and 2015, and prevented the country from achieving Millennium Development Goal 5. Elucidating the space-time patterns and risk factors of maternal mortality in a rural South African population could help target limited resources and policy guidelines to high-risk areas for the greatest impact, as more generalized interventions are costly and often less effective...
June 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574303/technological-solutions-for-an-effective-health-surveillance-system-for-road-traffic-crashes-in-burkina-faso
#12
Emmanuel Bonnet, Aude Nikiéma, Zoumana Traoré, Salifou Sidbega, Valéry Ridde
BACKGROUND: In the early 2000s, electronic surveillance systems began to be developed to collect and transmit data on infectious diseases in low-income countries (LICs) in real-time using mobile technologies. Such surveillance systems, however, are still very rare in Africa. Among the non-infectious epidemics to be surveilled are road traffic injuries, which constitute major health events and are the fifth leading cause of mortality in Africa. This situation also prevails in Burkina Faso, whose capital city, Ouagadougou, is much afflicted by this burden...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560198/exploring-measures-to-control-road-traffic-injuries-in-iran-key-informants-points-of-view
#13
Hedayat Salari, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Mohammad Arab, Atefeh Esfandiari, Ali Akbari Sari
BACKGROUND: Injuries and fatalities from road traffic Injuries are global public health concerns, and a major problem in the Iran. This study aimed to explore strategies to control road traffic Injuries (RTI) in Iran. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study to explore possible ways to reduce the occurrence of road traffic Injuries in Iran in 2016. Interviewees were purposively sampled from various sectors due to multidisciplinary nature of RTIs. Participants were mainly representatives from the police, Ministry of Road, Municipal, emergency services and Ministry of Health...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559676/closing-the-gap-between-formal-and-material-health-care-coverage-in-colombia
#14
Everaldo Lamprea, Johnattan García
This paper explores Colombia's road toward universal health care coverage. Using a policy-based approach, we show how, in Colombia, the legal expansion of health coverage is not sufficient and requires the development of appropriate and effective institutions. We distinguish between formal and material health coverage in order to underscore that, despite the rapid legal expansion of health care coverage, a considerable number of Colombians-especially those living in poor regions of the country-still lack material access to health care services...
December 2016: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555183/the-road-to-dog-rabies-control-and-elimination-what-keeps-us-from-moving-faster
#15
Anna S Fahrion, Louise H Taylor, Gregorio Torres, Thomas Müller, Salome Dürr, Lea Knopf, Katinka de Balogh, Louis H Nel, Mary Joy Gordoncillo, Bernadette Abela-Ridder
Rabies, a vaccine preventable neglected tropical disease, still claims an estimated 35,000-60,000 human lives annually. The international community, with more than 100 endemic countries, has set a global target of 0 human deaths from dog-transmitted rabies by 2030. While it has been proven in several countries and regions that elimination of rabies as a public health problem is feasible and tools are available, rabies deaths globally have not yet been prevented effectively. While there has been extensive rabies research, specific areas of implementation for control and elimination have not been sufficiently addressed...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554665/population-incidence-of-pedestrian-traffic-injury-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Kate E Charters, Belinda J Gabbe, Biswadev Mitra
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries are the fifth leading cause of years of life lost, with pedestrians comprising 39% of all road deaths. International recognition of this public health issue has led to a reduction in road traffic deaths in many high-income countries. However data on non-motorised road users such as pedestrians is incomplete. Additionally, non-fatal injuries are poorly documented. The aim of this study was to identify the incidence of pedestrian traffic injury reported from high-income countries...
May 18, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537357/valedictory-editorial-the-past-six-years
#17
Michael A Lennon
Fifty years ago this month I graduated from the University of Liverpool. A few months earlier, along with three friends, I had driven overland to attend the International Dental Students Congress held that year in Israel. On the way we drove the spectacular road from Beirut up to Damascus, visited Petra in the Southern Jordanian desert, at that time devoid of tourists, viewed the Chagall windows in the synagogue on the Hadassah University Medical campus, and listened to the world cup final with a group of German students in a youth hostel overlooking the Mandelbaum Gate...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534765/the-animal-kingdom-is-also-a-bioengineering-field-exploring-the-art-and-science-of-vetinary-medicine-retrospectroscope
#18
Max E Valentinuzzi
Medical science developed in tandem with the evolution of biological species and their associated diseases. Because of the close interaction between humans and other animals, even those in the wild, taking care of the former also means caring for the latter. Several scientific forerunners delved into animals' anatomical and physiological secrets in their quest to better understand animal biology and functions, thereby laying the foundation for animal medicine. Here, I briefly explore the long and complex road that led to the current state of veterinary science and provide a few examples of its present standing...
May 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534267/simulation-of-the-hydraulic-performance-of-highway-filter-drains-through-laboratory-models-and-stormwater-management-tools
#19
Luis A Sañudo-Fontaneda, Daniel Jato-Espino, Craig Lashford, Stephen J Coupe
Road drainage is one of the most relevant assets in transport infrastructure due to its inherent influence on traffic management and road safety. Highway filter drains (HFDs), also known as "French Drains", are the main drainage system currently in use in the UK, throughout 7000 km of its strategic road network. Despite being a widespread technique across the whole country, little research has been completed on their design considerations and their subsequent impact on their hydraulic performance, representing a gap in the field...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533863/management-and-outcome-of-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-at-muhimbili-orthopaedic-institute-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#20
Respicious Boniface, Edwin Rwebugisa Lugazia, Abel Mussa Ntungi, Othman Kiloloma
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain Injuries represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and road traffic crashes accounts for a significant proportion of these injuries. However, access to neurosurgical care is poor in low income countries like Tanzania. The aim of this study was to assess the management and outcome of Traumatic brain injury patients at a tertiary level health facility in Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of Traumatic brain injury patients attended at Muhimbili Orthopedic Institute between January 2014 and June 2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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