keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Country roades

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145048/development-of-a-microscale-land-use-regression-model-for-predicting-no2-concentrations-at-a-heavy-trafficked-suburban-area-in-auckland-nz
#1
L F Weissert, J A Salmond, G Miskell, M Alavi-Shoshtari, D E Williams
Land use regression (LUR) analysis has become a key method to explain air pollutant concentrations at unmeasured sites at city or country scales, but little is known about the applicability of LUR at microscales. We present a microscale LUR model developed for a heavy trafficked section of road in Auckland, New Zealand. We also test the within-city transferability of LUR models developed at different spatial scales (local scale and city scale). Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) was measured during summer at 40 sites and a LUR model was developed based on standard criteria...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139138/folate-status-in-women-of-reproductive-age-as-basis-of-neural-tube-defect-risk-assessment
#2
Lynn B Bailey, Dorothy B Hausman
Reliable folate status data for women of reproductive age (WRA) to assess global risk for neural tube defects (NTDs) are needed. We focus on a recent recommendation by the World Health Organization that a specific "optimal" red blood cell (RBC) folate concentration be used as the sole indicator of NTD risk within a population and discuss how to best apply this guidance to reach the goal of assessing NTD risk globally. We also emphasize the importance of using the microbiologic assay (MBA) as the most reliable assay for obtaining comparable results for RBC folate concentration across time and countries, the need for harmonization of the MBA through use of consistent key reagents and procedures within laboratories, and the requirement to apply assay-matched cutoffs for folate deficiency and insufficiency...
November 15, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130870/modern-technology-to-support-carers-of-care-recipients-with-dementia-or-functional-mental-illness-promising-progress-but-a-long-road-ahead
#3
Nicola T Lautenschlager, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Samantha M Loi, Johannes Mayer, Maria Tensil, Alexander F Kurz
There is no doubt that family carers who look after a family member with dementia or with a functional mental illness fulfill an important role, not only for their loved one, but also for the health and aged care systems of the countries they live in. Due to increasing life expectancy, but also improved healthcare the number of family carers supporting older care recipients with functional mental illness or dementia is on the rise. While the carer role often can offer rewarding experiences caregivers are at increased risk of stress, depression, sleep problems, and often experience poor health outcomes with increased morbidity and mortality (Oyebode, 2003)...
December 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119221/preparing-japanese-surgeons-for-potential-mass-casualty-situations-will-require-innovative-and-systematic-programs
#4
H Uchino, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G V Oosthuizen, W Bekker, G L Laing, D L Clarke
INTRODUCTION: The ongoing state of global geo-political instability means that it is prudent to prepare civilian surgeons to manage major military-type trauma. Japan has enjoyed a prolonged period of peace and consequently it is unlikely that surgeons will have been exposed to a sufficient volume of cases. This study reviews the state of trauma training and preparedness in Japan and reviews the trauma workload of a major Japanese emergency medical center and compared with a major South African trauma center with the intention of quantifying and comparing the time needed to gain adequate exposure to major trauma at the two centers...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115176/interlaced-strands-health-psychology-in-brazil-from-an-autobiographic-perspective
#5
Mary Jane P Spink
The presence of psychology in Brazilian Health Settings is closely related to two socio-political movements: for the creation of the Brazilian Unified Health System in 1990 and for Psychiatric Reform. Each had a multidisciplinary stance closely associated with a socially committed approach to healthcare delivery and connected with prior experiences that influenced its policies, among them the National AIDS Programme. These developments are told as a tale that interlaced autobiographical data and the long road to a universal healthcare system that shaped the relationship between psychology and health in the country...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112145/pattern-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-rural-bangladesh-burden-estimates-and-risk-factors
#6
Md Kamran Ul Baset, Aminur Rahman, Olakunle Alonge, Priyanka Agrawal, Shirin Wadhwaniya, Fazlur Rahman
Globally, road traffic injury (RTI) causes 1.3 million deaths annually. Almost 90% of all RTI deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. RTI is one of the leading causes of death in Bangladesh; the World Health Organization estimated that it kills over 21,000 people in the country annually. This study describes the current magnitude and risk factors of RTI for different age groups in rural Bangladesh. A household census was carried out in 51 unions of seven sub-districts situated in the north and central part of Bangladesh between June and November 2013, covering 1...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101188/a-systematic-approach-to-injury-policy-assessment-introducing-the-assessment-of-child-injury-prevention-policies-a-chipp
#7
Olakunle Alonge, Priyanka Agrawal, David Meddings, Adnan A Hyder
INTRODUCTION: This study presents a systematic approach-assessment of child injury prevention policies (A-CHIPP)-to assess and track policies on effective child injury interventions at the national level. Results from an initial pilot test of the approach in selected countries are presented. METHOD: A literature review was conducted to identify conceptual models for injury policy assessment, and domains and indicators were proposed for assessing national injury policies for children aged 1-9 years...
November 3, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080470/young-drivers-and-their-cars-safe-and-sound-or-the-perfect-storm
#8
Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, Bridie Scott-Parker
Consistent with the experiences in high-income countries, young drivers remain overrepresented in road trauma statistics in low- and middle-income countries. This article pursues the emerging interest of approaching the young driver problem from a systems thinking perspective in order to design and deliver robust countermeasures. Specifically, the focus of this paper is the cars driven by young drivers. The study of vehicles' characteristics and their interaction with driving behaviour is, more often than not, considered a minor concern when developing countermeasures in young drivers' safety not only in developed nations, but especially in developing nations...
October 25, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077719/status-and-determinants-of-small-farming-households-food-security-and-role-of-market-access-in-enhancing-food-security-in-rural-pakistan
#9
Umar Ijaz Ahmed, Liu Ying, Muhammad Khalid Bashir, Muhammad Abid, Farhad Zulfiqar
In most of the developing countries, lack of resources and little market accessibility are among the major factors that affect small farming household food security. This study aims to investigate the status of small farming households' food security, and its determinants including the role of market accessibility factors in enhancing food security at household level. In addition, this study also determines the households' perception about different kinds of livelihoods risks. This study is based on a household survey of 576 households conducted through face-to-face interviews using structured interviews in Punjab, Pakistan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067067/an-analysis-of-3105-medico-legal-cases-at-tertiary-care-hospital-rawalpindi
#10
Romana Malik, Iffat Atif, Farah Rashid, Maqbool Abbas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Medico legal cases are essential component of medical practice and comprise most important constituent of emergencies. The reporting of such cases is imperative to recognize theirsocioeconomic burden on any country. The present study was conducted to scrutinize different categories of medico legal cases and characteristics of the victims at casualty department oftertiary care hospital Rawalpindi. The objective of the study was to find out the frequency ofvarious categories of medico legal cases and major characteristics ofvictims at tertiary care hospital, Rawalpindi...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066972/adapting-pharmacoeconomics-to-shape-efficient-health-systems-en-route-to-uhc-lessons-from-two-continents
#11
Jacqui Miot, Michael Thiede
Background: Pharmacoeconomics is receiving increasing attention globally as a set of tools ensuring efficient use of resources in health systems, albeit with different applications depending on the contextual, cultural and development stages of each country. The factors guiding design, implementation and optimisation of pharmacoeconomics as a steering tool under the universal health coverage paradigm are explored using case studies of Germany and South Africa. Findings: German social health insurance is subject to the efficiency precept...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065899/upper-extremity-open-fractures-in-hospitalized-road-traffic-accident-patients-adult-versus-pediatric-cases
#12
Guy Rubin, Kobi Peleg, Adi Givon, Nimrod Rozen
BACKGROUND: Fractures in pediatrics show epidemiological characteristics which are different from fractures in adults. The objective of this study was to examine the injury profiles of open upper extremity fractures (UEFs) in all modes of injury related to road traffic accidents (RTAs) in adult and pediatric hospitalized patients. METHODS: Data on 103,465 RTA patients between 1997 and 2013 whose records were entered in a centralized country trauma database were reviewed...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056832/population-growth-accessibility-spillovers-and-persistent-borders-historical-growth-in-west-european-municipalities
#13
Chris Jacobs-Crisioni, Eric Koomen
Lack of cross-border transport supply has repeatedly been blamed for the fact that national borders limit spatial interaction and, consequently, the growth of border regions. This study applies an accessibility approach to investigate for most municipalities in ten countries in mainland West Europe if foreign transport supply is lagging behind, and if population growth in these municipalities has been affected by the limits that national borders have imposed on market access. To do so, data describing historical population changes and road networks between 1961 and 2011 have been used...
June 2017: Journal of Transport Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053590/land-use-regression-modeling-of-outdoor-noise-exposure-in-informal-settlements-in-western-cape-south-africa
#14
Chloé Sieber, Martina S Ragettli, Mark Brink, Olaniyan Toyib, Roslyn Baatjies, Apolline Saucy, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Mohamed Aqiel Dalvie, Martin Röösli
In low- and middle-income countries, noise exposure and its negative health effects have been little explored. The present study aimed to assess the noise exposure situation in adults living in informal settings in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. We conducted continuous one-week outdoor noise measurements at 134 homes in four different areas. These data were used to develop a land use regression (LUR) model to predict A-weighted day-evening-night equivalent sound levels (Lden) from geographic information system (GIS) variables...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053374/pedestrian-crossing-behavior-an-observational-study-in-the-city-of-ushuaia-argentina
#15
Fernando Martín Poó, Ruben Daniel Ledesma, Roberto Trujillo
OBJECTIVES: Pedestrian crashes are a critical problem in Latin American countries. However, little research has been published about pedestrians and even less about their behaviors in a naturalistic context. The objective of the present research was to explore risky pedestrian crossing behaviors in traffic intersections in an argentine city (Ushuaia). It is focused in different stages of the crossing process, traffic code violations, and other potentially risky behaviors such as distractions...
October 20, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042520/-epilepsy-and-driving
#16
Shunsuke Takagi, Masato Matsuura
In Japan, the Road Traffic Act was amended in 2013, and the revision was enacted in 2014. This revision includes new rules such as the requirement that a driver declare medical conditions on licensing, with a penalty for false statements. There is also a new voluntary notification system that enables doctors to report unlawful drivers. At the same time, the new Criminal Law Act was enacted. This act provides a penalty for causing death or injury to other persons by driving under the influence of specific drugs or diseases, including epilepsy...
October 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037963/conversion-between-noise-exposure-indicators-leq24h-lday-levening-lnight-ldn-and-lden-principles-and-practical-guidance
#17
Mark Brink, Beat Schäffer, Reto Pieren, Jean Marc Wunderli
This article presents empirically derived conversion rules between the environmental noise exposure metrics Leq24h, LDay, LEvening, LNight, Ldn, and Lden for the noise sources road, rail and air traffic. It caters to researchers that need to estimate the value of one (unknown) noise metric from the value of another (known) metric, e.g. in the scope of epidemiological meta-analyses or systematic reviews, when results from different studies are pooled and need to be related to one common exposure metric. Conversion terms are derived using two empirical methods a) based on analyzing the diurnal variation of traffic, and b) by analyzing differences between calculated noise exposure metrics...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030915/political-transition-and-emergent-forest-conservation-issues-in-myanmar
#18
REVIEW
Graham W Prescott, William J Sutherland, Daniel Aguirre, Matthew Baird, Vicky Bowman, Jake Brunner, Grant M Connette, Martin Cosier, David Dapice, Jose Don T De Alban, Alex Diment, Julia Fogerite, Jefferson Fox, Win Hlaing, Saw Htun, Jack Hurd, Katherine LaJeunesse Connette, Felicia Lasmana, Cheng Ling Lim, Antony Lynam, Aye Chan Maung, Benjamin McCarron, John F McCarthy, William J McShea, Frank Momberg, Myat Su Mon, Than Myint, Robert Oberndorf, Thaung Naing Oo, Jacob Phelps, Madhu Rao, Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt, Hugh Speechly, Oliver Springate-Baginski, Robert Steinmetz, Kirk Talbott, Maung Maung Than, Tint Lwin Thaung, Salai Cung Lian Thawng, Kyaw Min Thein, Shwe Thein, Robert Tizard, Tony Whitten, Guy Williams, Trevor Wilson, Kevin Woods, Alan D Ziegler, Michal Zrust, Edward L Webb
Political and economic transitions have had substantial impacts on forest conservation. Where transitions are underway or anticipated, historical precedent and methods for systematically assessing future trends should be used to anticipate likely threats to forest conservation and design appropriate and prescient policy measures to counteract them. Myanmar is transitioning from an authoritarian, centralized state with a highly regulated economy to a more decentralized and economically liberal democracy and is working to end a long-running civil war...
October 14, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029604/trauma-burden-in-tanzania-a-one-day-survey-of-all-district-and-regional-public-hospitals
#19
Hendry R Sawe, Juma A Mfinanga, Khalid R Mbaya, Phillip M Koka, Said S Kilindimo, Michael S Runyon, Victor G Mwafongo, Lee A Wallis, Teri A Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Trauma contributes significantly to the burden of disease and mortality throughout the world, but particularly in developing countries. In Tanzania, there is an enormous research gap on trauma; the limited data available reflects realities in cities and areas with moderately- to highly-resourced treatment centers. Our aim was to provide a description of the injury epidemiology across all of Tanzania. Our data will serve as a basis for future larger studies. METHODS: This is a subgroup analysis of a cross-sectional, prospective study of the clinical epidemiology of patients presenting at all public district and regional hospitals in Tanzania...
October 13, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026474/using-growth-mixture-modeling-for-clustering-asian-and-north-african-countries-on-the-road-injury-death-trend-1990-2010
#20
Maryam Salari, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Farid Zayeri
OBJECTIVES: The physical injuries and financial implications as a result of road accidents have serious economic, cultural, and social effects. We conducted this study to determine any changes in the trend of road-accident-related deaths in Asian and North African countries from 1990 to 2010. METHODS: The current study was carried out using data from the Global Burden of Disease database. First, the process was assessed using the growth curve divided into six regions...
September 2017: Oman Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
102751
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"