keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Country roades

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735179/monitoring-road-safety-development-at-regional-level-a-case-study-in-the-asean-region
#1
Faan Chen, Jianjun Wang, Jiaorong Wu, Xiaohong Chen, P Christopher Zegras
Persistent monitoring of progress, evaluating the results of interventions and recalibrating to achieve continuous improvement over time is widely recognized as being crucial towards the successful development of road safety. In the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) region there is a lack of well-resourced teams that contain multidisciplinary safety professionals, and specialists in individual countries, who are able to carry out this work effectively. In this context, not only must the monitoring framework be effective, it must also be easy to use and adapt...
July 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725486/consequences-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-during-pregnancy-in-pakistan
#2
Aatik Arsh, Haider Darain, Syed Muhammad Ilyas, Amir Zeb
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the major causes for poor outcomes of pregnancy. Injury during pregnancy is uncommon; therefore, outcome data are scarce. This case series presents outcomes of pregnancy in five women who sustained SCI during their pregnancies. CASE PRESENTATION: Five women who sustained SCIs during pregnancy (age range: 24-38 years) were identified and included in this case series. The causes of SCI in this population were fall from heights (cases 1 and 2), road traffic accidents (cases 3 and 4) and firearm injury (case 5)...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724218/roadside-verges-as-habitats-for-endangered-lizard-orchids-himantoglossum-spp-ecological-traps-or-refuges
#3
Réka Fekete, Timea Nagy, Judit Bódis, Éva Biró, Viktor Löki, Kristóf Süveges, Attila Takács, Jácint Tökölyi, Attila Molnár V
Alterations in traditional land use practices have led to severe declines in the area of semi-natural grasslands, thereby seriously threatening plant and animal species dependent on these habitats. Small anthropogenic managed habitats, like roadsides can act as refuges and might play an important role in conserving these species. Colonization of roadside verges by endangered lizard orchids (Himantoglossum spp.) has long been known, but few studies have systematically explored the suitability of roadside habitats for these orchids and the impact of roads on them...
July 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701849/blunt-trauma-neck-with-complete-tracheal-transection-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenge-to-the-trauma-team
#4
K N J Prakash Raju, D Anandhi, R Surendar, Ashwith Shetty, Vinay R Pandit
Survival following trachea-esophageal transection is uncommon. Establishing a secure airway has the highest priority in trauma management. Airway management is a unique and a defining element to the specialty of emergency medicine. There is no doubt regarding the significance of establishing a patent airway in the critically ill patient in the emergency department. Cannot intubate and cannot ventilate situation is a nightmare to all emergency physicians. The most important take-home message from this case report is that every Emergency physician should have the ability to predict "difficult airway" and recognize "failed airway" very early and be skilled in performing rescue techniques when routine oral-tracheal intubation fails...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700591/trends-in-traumatic-brain-injury-mortality-in-china-2006-2013-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#5
Peixia Cheng, Peng Yin, Peishan Ning, Lijun Wang, Xunjie Cheng, Yunning Liu, David C Schwebel, Jiangmei Liu, Jinlei Qi, Guoqing Hu, Maigeng Zhou
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant global public health problem, but has received minimal attention from researchers and policy-makers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Epidemiological evidence of TBI morbidity and mortality is absent at the national level for most LMICs, including China. Using data from China's Disease Surveillance Points (DSPs) system, we conducted a population-based longitudinal analysis to examine TBI mortality, and mortality differences by sex, age group, location (urban/rural), and external cause of injury, from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2013 in China...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699848/impact-of-helmet-use-on-traumatic-brain-injury-from-road-traffic-accidents-in-cambodia
#6
Saksham Gupta, Katherine Klaric, Nang Sam, Vuthy Din, Tina Juschkewitz, Vycheth Iv, Mark G Shrime, Kee B Park
OBJECTIVE: Rapid urbanization and motorization without corresponding increases in helmet usage have made traumatic brain injury due to road traffic accidents a major public health crisis in Cambodia. This analysis was conducted to quantify the impact of helmets on severity of injury, neurosurgical indication, and functional outcomes at discharge for motorcycle operators who required hospitalization for a traumatic brain injury following a road traffic accident in Cambodia. METHODS: The medical records of 491 motorcycle operators who presented to a major tertiary care center in Cambodia with traumatic brain injury were retrospectively analyzed using multivariate logistic regression...
July 12, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697349/styloid-process-fracture-associated-with-maxillofacial-trauma-incidence-distribution-and-management
#7
P K Tiwary, N K Sahoo, Ankur Thakral, Udayan Ranjan
PURPOSE: Fracture of the styloid process of the temporal bone has been infrequently reported. The present study evaluated the incidence, causes, distribution, and management of styloid process fracture in association with other maxillofacial fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective evaluation of patients with maxillofacial trauma over a period of 1 year was carried out and patients' characteristics, mode and distribution of injury, and length of styloid process were recorded...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691578/a-hybrid-clustering-and-classification-approach-for-predicting-crash-injury-severity-on-rural-roads
#8
Seyed Hessam-Allah Hasheminejad, Mohsen Zahedi, Seyed Mohammad Hossein Hasheminejad
As a threat for transportation system, traffic crashes have a wide range of social consequences for governments. Traffic crashes are increasing in developing countries and Iran as a developing country is not immune from this risk. There are several researches in the literature to predict traffic crash severity based on artificial neural networks (ANNs), support vector machines and decision trees. This paper attempts to investigate the crash injury severity of rural roads by using a hybrid clustering and classification approach to compare the performance of classification algorithms before and after applying the clustering...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689801/a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-various-interventions-on-reducing-fatigue-and-sleepiness-while-driving
#9
Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Ali Moradi, Khaled Rahmani
PURPOSE: To identify and appraise the published studies assessing interventions accounting for reducing fatigue and sleepiness while driving. METHODS: This systematic review searched the following electronic databases: Medline, Science direct, Scopus, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Transport Database, Cochrane, BIOSIS, ISI Web of Knowledge, specialist road injuries journals and the Australian Transport and Road Index database. Additional searches included websites of relevant organizations, reference lists of included studies, and issues of major injury journals published within the past 15 years...
May 29, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688797/burden-of-traffic-accidents-among-pedestrians-of-fars-province-southern-iran-estimate-of-years-of-life-lost-in-a-sample-of-iranian-population-from-2009-to-2013
#10
Yaser Sarikhani, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Saeed Gholamzadeh, Maryam Mazloom, Payam Peymani, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Reza Tabrizi, Maryam Akbari
PURPOSE: Traffic injuries are among the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Pedestrians have been considered as a high-risk group among road users, especially in middle- or low-income communities. This study attempted to determine the burden of pedestrians' fatalities in Fars, the southern province of Iran using years of life lost (YLL) approach. METHODS: The data used in this study were retrieved from Fars Forensic Medicine Organization database on pedestrian traffic accidents...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670412/facture-of-the-pars-interarticularis-with-or-without-spondylolisthesis-in-an-adult-population-in-a-developing-country-evaluation-by-multidetector-computed-tomography
#11
Sohail Ahmed Khan, Amjad Sattar, Usman Khanzada, Hatem Adel, Syed Omair Adil, Munawar Hussain
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of lumbar spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis in a general adult population unrelated to lower back pain as evaluated by multidetector computed tomography. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: There is a significant paucity of information related to the prevalence of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis and its degenerative changes in a general adult population unrelated to lower back pain in developing countries...
June 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668993/trauma-related-admissions-to-the-picu-at-chris-hani-baragwanath-academic-hospital-johannesburg
#12
Nirav Patel, I Khofi-Phiri, L R Mathiva, A Grieve, J Loveland, G D Nethathe
BACKGROUND: Paediatric trauma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low and middle income countries. Data from these regions are scant. We aimed to describe the demographic and injury profile, treatment modality and outcome of trauma admissions to the paediatric intensive care unit at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital (CHBAH). METHODS: A retrospective record review of trauma cases admitted to the PICU at CHBAH from 2011 to 2013 was performed. RESULTS: One-fifth of admissions were due to trauma...
July 1, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658817/salient-features-of-a-proposed-adolescent-health-policy-draft-for-india
#13
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
India is one of the most populous countries in the world. The adolescent population in India constitutes about one fifth of the total Indian population. Adolescent phase is a transitional phase in life and the adolescents are neither child nor adult at this stage and are full of energy, have significant drive and new ideas. The relatively lower death rate and relatively good health status of the adolescents has always been a misleading measure to adolescent health and thus given lesser priorities. In order to respond effectively to the needs of adolescent health and development, it is important to place adolescence in a life-span perspective within dynamic sociological, cultural and economic realities...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657368/burden-of-road-traffic-injuries-related-to-delays-in-implementing-safety-belt-laws-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries
#14
Aurélie Martin, Emmanuel Lagarde, L Rachid Salmi
OBJECTIVE: Delayed implementation of effective road safety policies must be considered when quantifying the avoidable part of the fatal and non-fatal injuries burden. We sought to assess the avoidable part of Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) lost due to road-traffic injuries related to delays in implementing road safety laws in low- and lower middle-income countries. METHODS: We chose one country for each of the regions of the World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank (WB) country income levels...
June 28, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656947/-the-significance-of-the-results-of-crash-tests-with-the-use-of-the-models-of-the-pedestrians-lower-extremities-for-the-prevention-of-the-traffic-road-accidents
#15
S A Smirenin, V A Fetisov, V G Grigoryan, A A Gusarov, Yu O Kucheryavets
The disabling injuries inflicted during road traffic accidents (RTA) create a serious challenge for the public health services and are at the same time a major socio-economic problem in the majority of the countries throughout the world. The injuries to the lower extremities of the pedestrians make up the largest fraction of the total number of the non-lethal RTA injuries. Most of them are responsible for the considerable deterioration of the quality of life for the participants in the accidents during the subsequent period...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640970/prevalence-of-new-psychoactive-substances-and-prescription-drugs-in-the-belgian-driving-under-the-influence-of-drugs-population
#16
S M R Wille, C Richeval, M Nachon-Phanithavong, J M Gaulier, V Di Fazio, L Humbert, N Samyn, D Allorge
Driving under the influence of drugs (DUID) is a worldwide problem. Several countries adopted DUID legislations which prove their deterrent effect and impact on road safety. However, use of new psychoactive substances (NPS) and prescription drugs is not known as the applied roadside screening tests are not yet adapted for these compounds. In this study, 558 blood samples obtained during roadside controls in Belgium (January to August 2015) after a positive Drugwipe 5S® test and 199 oral fluid (OF) samples obtained from negatively screened test pads were analyzed...
June 22, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631704/-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-intracardiac-thrombosis-a-description-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-literature
#17
Z S Alekberova, P S Ovcharov, T A Lisitsyna, A V Volkov, T V Popkova
Behçet's disease (BD) is systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, which is more common in the countries located along the Great Silk Road. The disease is diagnosed if a patient has 4 key diagnostic signs: aphthous stomatitis, genital sores, and eye and skin lesions. Vascular diseases referred to as minor criteria for BD are characterized by the formation of aneurysms and thrombosis, predominantly in the venous bed. In venous disorders, a blood clot can form in any vessel, including caval, cerebral, pulmonary, and other veins...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630538/abortion-law-and-policy-around-the-world-in-search-of-decriminalization
#18
Marge Berer
The aim of this paper is to provide a panoramic view of laws and policies on abortion around the world, giving a range of country-based examples. It shows that the plethora of convoluted laws and restrictions surrounding abortion do not make any legal or public health sense. What makes abortion safe is simple and irrefutable-when it is available on the woman's request and is universally affordable and accessible. From this perspective, few existing laws are fit for purpose. However, the road to law reform is long and difficult...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624072/violent-events-on-the-road-risk-perception-of-traffic-related-and-non-traffic-related-situations
#19
Lilian de Oliveira Vilela da Silva, Marilita Gnecco de Camargo Braga
This study aimed at identifying and comparing subjective risk perception regarding two different violent situations in urban roads: traffic accidents (i.e. crashes) and robberies. A robbery consists of subtracting something from someone, while seriously threatening the victim, or using violence. Robberies can be perpetrated either with or without the use of a weapon. This study was carried out in the city of Uberlândia, a medium size city in the state of Minas Gerais, south-east Brazil. A total of 383 people was interviewed at home in two boroughs of Uberlândia, using a questionnaire divided in five parts: a) personal information; b) description of crash involvement; c) description of robbery involvement; d) the chance of being involved in a crash and in a robbery within the next three years; e) willingness to pay for more safety in traffic or for more security against robberies; f) what causes more damage or harm to society, crashes or robberies...
June 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620576/polish-experience-of-implementing-vision-zero
#20
REVIEW
Kazimierz Jamroz, Lech Michalski, Joanna Żukowska
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study is to present an outline and the principles of Poland's road safety strategic programming as it has developed over the last 25 years since the first Integrated Road Safety System with a strong focus on Sweden's "Vision Zero". RECENT FINDINGS: Countries that have successfully improved road safety have done so by following strategies centred around the idea that people are not infallible and will make mistakes. The human body can only take a limited amount of energy upon impact, so roads, vehicles and road safety programmes must be designed to address this...
2017: Current Trauma Reports
keyword
keyword
102751
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"