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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776431/validation-of-verbal-autopsy-methods-using-hospital-medical-records-a-case-study-in-vietnam
#1
Hong Thi Tran, Hoa Phuong Nguyen, Sue M Walker, Peter S Hill, Chalapati Rao
BACKGROUND: Information on causes of death (COD) is crucial for measuring the health outcomes of populations and progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. In many countries such as Vietnam where the civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system is dysfunctional, information on vital events will continue to rely on verbal autopsy (VA) methods. This study assesses the validity of VA methods used in Vietnam, and provides recommendations on methods for implementing VA validation studies in Vietnam...
May 18, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771976/skin-disease-prevalence-study-in-schoolchildren-in-rural-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-implications-for-integration-of-neglected-skin-diseases-skin-ntds
#2
Rie Roselyne Yotsu, Kouamé Kouadio, Bamba Vagamon, Konan N'guessan, Amari Jules Akpa, Aubin Yao, Julien Aké, Rigobert Abbet Abbet, Barbine Tchamba Agbor Agbor, Roger Bedimo, Norihisa Ishii, L Claire Fuller, Roderick Hay, Oriol Mitjà, Henning Drechsler, Kingsley Asiedu
BACKGROUND: Early detection of several skin-related neglected tropical diseases (skin NTDs)-including leprosy, Buruli ulcer, yaws, and scabies- may be achieved through school surveys, but such an approach has seldom been tested systematically on a large scale in endemic countries. Additionally, a better understanding of the spectrum of skin diseases and the at-risk populations to be encountered during such surveys is necessary to facilitate the process. METHODS: We performed a school skin survey for selected NTDs and the spectrum of skin diseases, among primary schoolchildren aged 5 to 15 in Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa...
May 17, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770648/-challenge-and-strategy-of-prevention-and-control-of-important-parasitic-diseases-under-the-belt-and-road-initiative
#3
Cao Chun-Li, Guo Jia-Gang
China was once a country with the heaviest burden of parasitic diseases. Under the leadership of the Communist Party and national authority, after more than 60 years' efforts of prevention and control, the remarkable results have been achieved in China. However, affected by the social and economic development and environmental changes, the prevention and control of parasitic diseases, especially imported parasitic diseases, are facing new challenges, and the parasitic diseases, such as malaria, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, filariasis and trypanosomiasis, appear increasingly...
April 17, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763810/forensic-drug-intelligence-and-the-rise-of-cryptomarkets-part-ii-combination-of-data-from-the-physical-and-virtual-markets
#4
Marie Morelato, Julian Broséus, Adrian De Grazia, Mark Tahtouh, Pierre Esseiva, Claude Roux
Technology provides new ways to access customers and suppliers while enhancing the security of off-line criminal activity. Since the first cryptomarket, Silk Road, in 2011, cryptomarkets have transformed the traditional drug sale by facilitating the creation of a global network of vendors and buyers. Due to the fragmented nature of traces that result from illegal activities, combining the results of concurrent processes based on traces of different nature should provide supplementary benefit to understand the drug market...
May 8, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746422/alcohol-policies-and-programmes-which-reduced-alcohol-related-harm
#5
Allaman Allamani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review is a critical reflection on the effectiveness of evidence-based alcohol policies and their implementation, based on studies and observations that have arisen in recent years. RECENT FINDINGS: This article covers themes in recent literature of: the relationship between alcohol consumption and harm, the variability of country contextual factors and the interactions of both country contexts and alcohol policies on changes in alcohol consumption and harm...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739467/environmental-and-social-determinants-of-population-vulnerability-to-zika-virus-emergence-at-the-local-scale
#6
Erin E Rees, Tatiana Petukhova, Mariola Mascarenhas, Yann Pelcat, Nicholas H Ogden
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) spread rapidly in the Americas in 2015. Targeting effective public health interventions for inhabitants of, and travellers to and from, affected countries depends on understanding the risk of ZIKV emergence (and re-emergence) at the local scale. We explore the extent to which environmental, social and neighbourhood disease intensity variables influenced emergence dynamics. Our objective was to characterise population vulnerability given the potential for sustained autochthonous ZIKV transmission and the timing of emergence...
May 8, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736640/general-dependencies-and-causality-analysis-of-road-traffic-fatalities-in-oecd-countries
#7
Muhammad Rizwan Yaseen, Qamar Ali, Muhammad Tariq Iqbal Khan
The road traffic accidents were responsible for material and human loss which was equal to 2.8 to 5% of gross national product (GNP). However, literature does not explore the elasticity coefficients and nexus of road traffic fatalities with foreign direct investment, health expenditures, trade openness, mobile subscriptions, the number of researchers in R&D department, and environmental particulate matter. This study filled this research gap by exploring the nexus between road traffic fatalities, foreign direct investment, health expenditures, trade openness, mobile subscriptions, the number of researchers, and environmental particulate matter in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries by using panel data from 1995 to 2015...
May 7, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734608/urban-local-air-quality-management-framework-for-non-attainment-areas-in-indian-cities
#8
Sunil Gulia, S M Shiva Nagendra, Jo Barnes, Mukesh Khare
Increasing urban air pollution level in Indian cities is one of the major concerns for policy makers due to its impact on public health. The growth in population and increase in associated motorised road transport demand is one of the major causes of increasing air pollution in most urban areas along with other sources e.g., road dust, construction dust, biomass burning etc. The present study documents the development of an urban local air quality management (ULAQM) framework at urban hotspots (non-attainment area) and a pathway for the flow of information from goal setting to policy making...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732397/causes-of-death-among-children-aged-5-14-years-in-the-who-european-region-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#9
Hmwe H Kyu, Claudia E Stein, Cynthia Boschi Pinto, Ivo Rakovac, Martin W Weber, Tina Dannemann Purnat, Joseph E Amuah, Scott D Glenn, Kelly Cercy, Stan Biryukov, Audra L Gold, Adrienne Chew, Meghan D Mooney, Kevin F O'Rourke, Amber Sligar, Christopher J L Murray, Ali H Mokdad, Mohsen Naghavi
Background: The mortality burden in children aged 5-14 years in the WHO European Region has not been comprehensively studied. We assessed the distribution and trends of the main causes of death among children aged 5-9 years and 10-14 years from 1990 to 2016, for 51 countries in the WHO European Region. Methods: We used data from vital registration systems, cancer registries, and police records from 1980 to 2016 to estimate cause-specific mortality using the Cause of Death Ensemble model...
May 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730104/feasibility-of-online-traumatic-brain-injury-prognostic-crash-as-a-predictor-of-mortality
#10
Ahmad Faried, Ferry C Satriawan, Muhammad Z Arifin
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of mortality in many countries. According to the World Health Organization, traffic crashes have become a leading cause of death, with as many as 1.25 million deaths worldwide in 2013. Further, a 2013 global road safety report listed 68 low-to-middle income countries that had an increased mortality rate due to traffic accidents. The aim of this study is to analyze the feasibility of an online prognostic model from the Medical Research Council (MRC) Corticosteroids Randomization after Significant Head Injury (CRASH) trial collaborators to be used in our center...
May 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728043/-discussion-on-exploitation-of-foreign-traditional-chinese-medicine-resources-based-on-the-belt-and-road
#11
Xiao-Bo Zhang, Dong-Mei Lyu, Lu-Qi Huang, Meng Li, Lan-Ping Guo, Hua-Sheng Peng
At the beginning of the ancient "Silk Road", traditional Chinese medicine resources (TCM resources) have long been integrated into it, and it was once the "important part" of the ancient "Silk Road" in Chinese history, benefited from this, the political connections was strengthened, the economic and trade was developed, and Chinese medicine culture was spread. Before Qing Dynasty, people took out the "silk" and brought back "herbs" on the "Silk Road", which enriched China's medicinal resources...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728004/screening-differences-between-a-local-inventory-and-the-emissions-database-for-global-atmospheric-research-edgar
#12
Jessie Madrazo, Alain Clappier, Luis Carlos Belalcazar, Osvaldo Cuesta, Heydi Contreras, François Golay
In the vast majority of Latin American and South American countries, global emission inventories (EIs) are often used for modelling air quality. In particular the Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research EDGAR is widely deployed but several studies have pointed to some gaps in comparison with national/regional inventories which incur errors in interpreting results. In Cuba, due to scarcity of a spatially distributed national inventory, EDGAR has been used as entry for air quality modelling without verifying their reliability over the region...
August 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727315/autopsy-features-of-fatal-donkey-attack
#13
Lajos Fogel, Gyula Varga, Marta Hubay, Endre Felszeghy, Peter Varga, Roger W Byard
Lethal donkey attacks have very rarely been described. The case of a 65-year-old man who was found deceased on a country road with 2 domestic donkeys nearby is, therefore, reported. Examination of the body revealed contusions and lacerations of the face and scalp, a comminuted fracture of the left maxilla, comminuted fracturing of the right radius and ulna and of the left anterior superior iliac spine, a flail chest, and pulmonary contusions. In addition, there were bite marks on the left thigh, right buttock, right axilla/upper arm, and left cheek which corresponded to the dental arcades of the donkeys...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720167/development-of-a-neonatal-curriculum-for-medical-students-in-zimbabwe-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Simbarashe Chimhuya, Bothwell Mbuwayesango, Eva M Aagaard, Kusum J Nathoo
BACKGROUND: Calls have been made to reassess the curricula of medical schools throughout the world to adopt competence-based programs that address the healthcare needs of society. Zimbabwe is a country characterized by a high neonatal mortality rate of 24 per 1000 live births. The current research sought to determine the content and appropriate teaching strategies needed to guide the development of an undergraduate neonatal curriculum map for medical students at the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719311/registry-data-coordinator-rdc-a-proper-accessible-strategy-for-improving-road-traffic-injury-rti-hospital-based-trauma-registry-systems-in-developing-countries-and-low-income-countries
#15
Zahra Meidani, Mehrdad Mahdian, Atefe Ayan, Mahdi Mohammadzade, Alimohammad Nickfarjam, Gholam Abbas Moosavi
Introduction: Evidence suggested that a significant level of trauma mortality can be prevented using registry system. Aim: This study aimed to improve Kashan Hospital Based Trauma Registry System (KHBTRS) for Road Traffic Injury (RTI). Material and methods: After conducting focus group discussion absence of minimum data set (MDS) and poor data collection process (DCP) were identified as main problems for KHBTRS- RTI. Proposed MDS were surveyed by 20 experts of trauma research center of throughout the Iran...
2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718953/estimating-city-level-travel-patterns-using-street-imagery-a-case-study-of-using-google-street-view-in-britain
#16
Rahul Goel, Leandro M T Garcia, Anna Goodman, Rob Johnson, Rachel Aldred, Manoradhan Murugesan, Soren Brage, Kavi Bhalla, James Woodcock
BACKGROUND: Street imagery is a promising and growing big data source providing current and historical images in more than 100 countries. Studies have reported using this data to audit road infrastructure and other built environment features. Here we explore a novel application, using Google Street View (GSV) to predict travel patterns at the city level. METHODS: We sampled 34 cities in Great Britain. In each city, we accessed 2000 GSV images from 1000 random locations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716815/effect-of-traffic-legislation-on-road-traffic-deaths-in-ningbo-china
#17
Rongrong Sheng, Shuang Zhong, Adrian G Barnett, Bryan J Weiner, Jiaying Xu, Hui Li, Guozhang Xu, Tianfeng He, Cunrui Huang
PURPOSE: Road safety is a major public health concern in China. However, the effectiveness of traffic laws in China is not known. We investigated the effect of traffic legislation on traffic deaths using data in Ningbo, China. METHODS: We obtained traffic fatality data from 2002 to 2014 from the Ningbo Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention. An interrupted time series was used to look for change points in fatalities over time. We first used multiple change-point analysis to identify whether change points existed...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701556/estimating-the-global-incidence-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Michael C Dewan, Abbas Rattani, Saksham Gupta, Ronnie E Baticulon, Ya-Ching Hung, Maria Punchak, Amit Agrawal, Amos O Adeleye, Mark G Shrime, Andrés M Rubiano, Jeffrey V Rosenfeld, Kee B Park
OBJECTIVE Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-the "silent epidemic"-contributes to worldwide death and disability more than any other traumatic insult. Yet, TBI incidence and distribution across regions and socioeconomic divides remain unknown. In an effort to promote advocacy, understanding, and targeted intervention, the authors sought to quantify the case burden of TBI across World Health Organization (WHO) regions and World Bank (WB) income groups. METHODS Open-source epidemiological data on road traffic injuries (RTIs) were used to model the incidence of TBI using literature-derived ratios...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691595/-environment-and-the-health-in-all-policies-approach-an-overview
#19
REVIEW
Hajo Zeeb, Henk Hilderink, Sarah Forberger
BACKGROUND: One quarter of the global disease burden could be avoided with management strategies for environmental risk factors such as air and water pollution, food contamination, injuries and poor road safety. Many decisions influencing health are made outside the health sector; thus, the joint consideration and implementation of health and environmental factors in the relevant policies are becoming increasingly important. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By means of a selective literature search, we identified important policy documents and selected research articles as a basis for the introduction and current discussion of the Health in All Policies (HiAP) approach...
April 24, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688109/power-output-and-pacing-during-international-cross-country-mountain-bike-cycling
#20
Cyril Granier, Chris R Abbiss, Anaël Aubry, Yvon Vauchez, Sylvain Dorel, Christophe Hausswirth, Yann Le Meur
PURPOSE: To characterize the physiological profiles of elite cross-country mountain bike (XCO-MTB) cyclists, and to examine their pacing and power output (PO) distribution during international races. METHODS: Over two competitive seasons, eight elite male XCO-MTB cyclists (VO2 max: 79.9 ± 5.2 ml.min-1 .kg-1 , MAP: 411 ± 18 W and 6.3 ± 0.4 W.kg-1 ) regularly undertook incremental tests to assess their PO and heart rate (HR) at first and second ventilatory thresholds (VT1 and VT2) and at VO2max ...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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