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Wang Sheng-Qiang, Yang Meng-Meng, Zhu Guo-Ding, Sun Li-Xin, Geng He-Yuan, Cao Jun, Yang Hai-Tao
Mosquito is a vector of many infectious diseases, and it is recognized a leading killer of human in the world. After the Belt and Road Initiative launches, more are countries involved and the international communication and cooperation are significantly growing in China. Therefore, the risk of imported infectious diseases is increasing as well, some mosquito-borne diseases which have been well controlled or seldom seen in China, will be more risky to cause locally transmission from imported cases and become the threat to people's health in China...
December 27, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Simonetta Mattiucci, Paolo Cipriani, Arne Levsen, Michela Paoletti, Giuseppe Nascetti
This review addresses the biodiversity, biology, distribution, ecology, epidemiology, and consumer health significance of the so far known species of Anisakis, both in their natural hosts and in human accidental host populations, worldwide. These key aspects of the Anisakis species' biology are highlighted, since we consider them as main driving forces behind which most of the research in this field has been carried out over the past decade. From a public health perspective, the human disease caused by Anisakis species (anisakiasis) appears to be considerably underreported and underestimated in many countries or regions around the globe...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
Arthur Kwizera, Inipavudu Baelani, Mervyn Mer, Niranjan Kissoon, Marcus J Schultz, Andrew J Patterson, Ndidiamaka Musa, Joseph Christopher Farmer, Martin W Dünser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
David Kershenobich, Aldo Torre-Delgadillo, Luz María Aguilar-Valenzuela
Chronic hepatitis C is often asymptomatic and may progress over the years to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although the prevalence and incident cases are decreasing, the peak mortality of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related complications is ahead of us in most countries. The economic impact of this burden is enormous. Scaling up the identification of new opportunities to facilitate the road toward HCV elimination includes increasing screening, awareness, and the number of prescribing physicians. Screening should occur within the context of linkage-to-care and patient retention across the care continuum...
2018: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
Wanli Lin, Lina Gong, Miaojuan Xia, Wenjie Dai
BACKGROUND: Involvement in road traffic accidents (RTAs) may put individuals at increased risk for a wide range of psychiatric disorders, among which posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) presents a public health issue. However, a great disparity was observed among studies exploring the prevalence of PTSD among RTA survivors. This meta-analysis aimed to explore the pooled prevalence of PTSD among RTA survivors. METHODS: Electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were searched to identify relevant studies...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Eduard J Beck, J Mark Shields, Gaurang Tanna, Gerrit Henning, Ian de Vega, Gail Andrews, Philippe Boucher, Lionel Benting, Jesus Maria Garcia-Calleja, John Cutler, Whitney Ewing, Boonchai Kijsanayotin, Tapiwanashe Kujinga, Mary Mahy, Keletso Makofane, Kim Marsh, Chujit Nacheeva, Noma Rangana, Mary Felissa Reyes Vega, Keith Sabin, Olga Varetska, Steven Macharia Wanyee, Stephen Watiti, Brian Williams, Jinkou Zhao, Cesar Nunez, Peter Ghys, Daniel Low-Beer
Many resource-limited countries are scaling up health services and health-information systems (HISs). The HIV Cascade framework aims to link treatment services and programs to improve outcomes and impact. It has been adapted to HIV prevention services, other infectious and non-communicable diseases, and programs for specific populations. Where successful, it links the use of health services by individuals across different disease categories, time and space. This allows for the development of longitudinal health records for individuals and de-identified individual level information is used to monitor and evaluate the use, cost, outcome and impact of health services...
2018: Global Health Action
Patrick Morency, Jillian Strauss, Félix Pépin, François Tessier, Jocelyn Grondines
Some studies have estimated fatality and injury rates for bus occupants, but data was aggregated at the country level and made no distinction between bus types. Also, injured pedestrians and cyclists, as a result of bus travel, were overlooked. We compared injury rates for car and city bus occupants on specific urban major roads, as well as the cyclist and pedestrian injuries associated with car and bus travel. We selected ten bus routes along major urban arterials (in Montreal, Canada). Passenger-kilometers traveled were estimated from vehicle counts at intersections (2002-2010) and from bus passenger counts (2008)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Jaydip Dey, Saurabh Sakhre, Vikash Gupta, Ritesh Vijay, Sunil Pathak, Rajesh Biniwale, Rakesh Kumar
India's tourism industry has emerged as a leading industry with a potential to grow further in the next few decades. Dehradun, one of the famous tourist places in India located in the state of Uttarakhand, attracts tourist from all over the country and abroad. The surge in tourist number paved the way for new infrastructure projects like roads, buildings, and hotels, which in turn affects the topography of the mountainous region. In this study, remote sensing and GIS techniques have been used to assess the impact of tourism on the land environment of Dehradun...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Neeraj Sharma, Mohan Bairwa, B Gowthamghosh, S D Gupta, D K Mangal
BACKGROUND: Globally, road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among those aged 15-29 years. However, road traffic injury research has not received adequate attention from the scientific community in low- and middle-income countries, including India. The present study aims to provide a bibliometric overview of research assessing road traffic injuries in India. METHODS: We used Scopus to extract relevant research in road traffic injuries published from 1991 to 2017...
March 1, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
Marie Hasselberg, Marie Kirsebom, Josefin Bäckström, Hans-Yngve Berg, Ritva Rissanen
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, injuries represent one of the leading causes of mortality, and nearly one-quarter of all injuries are road traffic related. In many high-income countries, the burden of road traffic injuries (RTIs) has shifted from premature death to injury and disability with long-term consequences; therefore, it is important to assess the full burden of an RTI on individual lives. OBJECTIVE: To describe how men and women with minor and moderate injuries reported the consequences of an RTI on their health and lives...
February 24, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Thomas Kolawole Ojo
Seat belt and child restraint use is noted to be poor in developing countries such as Ghana. An unobstructive observational survey guided by the Theory of Planned Behaviour was therefore conducted to assess seat belt and child restraint use in the Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana. The observational survey was carried out at the entrances of four nursery schools in medium and high class residential areas in the Metropolis to determine seat belt use by drivers and accompanied child being transported/dropped off in school...
February 21, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Syed Nabeel Zafar, Joseph K Canner, Neeraja Nagarajan, Adam L Kushner
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries (RTI) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. The burden is highest in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) and is increasing. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of RTIs in 4 low-income countries using nationally representative survey data. METHODS: The Surgeons Overseas Assessment of Surgical Needs (SOSAS) survey tool was administered in four countries: Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Nepal and Uganda. We performed nationally representative cross-sectional, cluster randomized surveys in each country...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Martha Maria Pereira, Maria Cristina Schneider, Claudia Munoz-Zanzi, Federico Costa, Jackie Benschop, Rudy Hartskeerl, Julio Martinez, Michel Jancloes, Eric Bertherat
This report summarizes the presentations, discussions and the recommendations coming from the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/FIOCRUZ International Workshop for Leptospirosis Research Based on Country Needs and the 5th Global Leptospirosis Environmental Action Network meeting, which was held in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 10-12 November 2015. The event focused on health policy and worked to develop a road map as a consensus document to help guide decision-making by policymakers, funding bodies, and health care professionals...
February 19, 2018: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Joseph Magoola, Olive Kobusingye, Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Derrick Kimuli, Nino Paichadze
Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are commonly under-reported in low-and-medium-income countries. This study aimed to estimate the number of RTIs and determine the magnitude of under-reporting by traffic police and hospital registries. A two-source capture-recapture method was applied to RTI data from police and hospital registries. Seven matching variables; sex of the injured, date, place, time, day of crash and road user type were used to get the matched cases. Police independently reported 46 RTIs and the hospitals reported 206 RTIs...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
Philip Emerson, Naomi Dodds, David R Green, Jan O Jansen
Background: Critical illness requires specialist and timely management. The aim of this study was to create a geographic accessibility profile of the Scottish population to emergency departments and intensive care units. Methods: This was a descriptive, geographical analysis of population access to 'intermediate' and 'definitive' critical care services in Scotland. Access was defined by the number of people able to reach services within 45 to 60 min, by road and by helicopter...
February 2018: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
Ramesh Kumar, Jaims Lim, Rania A Mekary, Abbas Rattani, Michael C Dewan, Salman Y Sharif, Enrique Osorio-Fonseca, Kee B Park
BACKGROUND: Traumatic spinal injury (TSI) results from injury to bony, ligamentous and/or neurological structures of the spinal column and can cause significant morbidity and mortality. The global burden of TSI is poorly understood, so we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the global volume of TSI. METHODS: We performed a systematic review through PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Databases on TSI studies published from 2000 to 2016. Collected data were used to perform a meta-analysis to estimate the annual incidence of TSI across World Health Organization (WHO) regions and World Bank income groups using random effect models...
February 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Iman F Abou-El-Naga
Schistosomiasis is a snail-transmitted infectious disease caused by a long lasting infection with a blood fluke of the genus Schistosoma. S. haematobium and S. mansoni are the species endemic in Egypt. The country has been plagued and seriously suffered from schistosomiasis over the past 5000 years. Great strides had been done in controlling the disease since 1922. The history, epidemiology and the different control approaches were reviewed. Currently, Egypt is preparing towards schistosomiasis elimination by 2020...
February 14, 2018: Acta Tropica
Alireza Zangeneh, Farid Najafi, Saeed Karimi, Shahram Saeidi, Neda Izadi
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are considered as one of the most important health problems endangering people's life. The examination of the geographical distribution of RTIs could help policymakers in better planning to reduce RTIs. This study, therefore, aimed to determine the spatial-temporal clustering of mortality from RTIs in West of Iran. METHODS: Deaths from RTIs, registered in Forensic Medicine Organization of Kermanshah province over a period of six years (2009-2014), were used...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Milan Tešić, Elke Hermans, Krsto Lipovac, Dalibor Pešić
The review of the national and international literature dealing with the assessment of the road safety level has shown great efforts of the authors who tried to define the methodology for calculating the composite road safety index on a territory (region, state, etc.). The procedure for obtaining a road safety composite index of an area has been largely harmonized. The question that has not been fully resolved yet concerns the selection of indicators. There is a wide range of road safety indicators used to show a road safety situation on a territory...
February 13, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Michael B Mwandri, Timothy C Hardcastle
BACKGROUND: Botswana is notable among countries with high rates of Road Traffic Collisions (RTC); like many other lower-middle-income countries (LMICs), it lacks trauma systems. The World Health Organization recommends 'Essential Trauma Care' in countries with no formal trauma systems. The proportion of injuries in Emergency Departments and the care process were investigated to gain an overview for enabling the design of a relevant LMICs trauma system. METHOD: Blunt and penetrating trauma patients were included from three major hospitals, examining the proportion of injuries, patient characteristics, the care process and comparing these between pediatrics and adults...
February 15, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
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