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Cognitive rehabilitation in dementia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314218/goal-orientated-cognitive-rehabilitation-for-dementias-associated-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
John V Hindle, Tamlyn J Watermeyer, Julie Roberts, Andrew Brand, Zoe Hoare, Anthony Martyr, Linda Clare
OBJECTIVE: To examine the appropriateness and feasibility of cognitive rehabilitation for people with dementias associated with Parkinson's in a pilot randomised controlled study. METHODS: This was a single-blind pilot randomised controlled trial of goal-oriented cognitive rehabilitation for dementias associated with Parkinson's. After goal setting, participants were randomised to cognitive rehabilitation (n = 10), relaxation therapy (n = 10), or treatment-as-usual (n = 9)...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279726/hearing-aids-indications-technology-adaptation-and-quality-control
#2
REVIEW
Ulrich Hoppe, Gerhard Hesse
Hearing loss can be caused by a number of different pathological conditions. Some of them can be successfully treated, mainly by surgery, depending on the individual's disease process. However, the treatment of chronic sensorineural hearing loss with damaged cochlear structures usually needs hearing rehabilitation by means of technical amplification. During the last two decades tremendous improvements in hearing aid technology led to a higher quality of the hearing rehabilitation process. For example, due to sophisticated signal processing acoustic feedback could be reduced and hence open fitting options are available even for more subjects with higher degrees of hearing loss...
2017: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232279/association-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#3
Krishna Kakkera, Kalpana P Padala, Maneetha Kodali, Prasad R Padala
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As age expectancy increases, both dementia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have become more prevalent. Dementia and COPD together, however, occur more commonly than would be predicted from the incidence of either alone, suggesting a link between these two common senescent diseases. The purpose of this article is to review the extant literature and report findings in a clinically meaningful manner. We will look at the level of evidence, the risk factors for co-occurrence of the two diseases and the differential effects upon cognitive domains in the population with dementia and COPD...
December 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213519/language-and-communication-non-pharmacological-interventions-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review-communication-intervention-in-alzheimer
#4
Aline Nunes da Cruz Morello, Tatiane Machado Lima, Lenisa Brandão
Alzheimer's disease considerably compromises communication skills. Language changes become more prominent as the disease progresses. Deterioration of language and cognition reduces the ability of holding conversations, which has a negative impact on social interaction. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the literature for articles reporting interventions focused on the language and communication of people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) without use of medication. METHODS: We performed a search using the keywords Alzheimer's disease, language, communication, cognition, cognitive intervention, rehabilitation and therapy, and their corresponding Portuguese and Spanish terms, on the SciELO, LILACS, PubMed and PsychINFO databases...
July 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190312/cognitive-and-neuropsychiatric-correlates-of-functional-impairment-across-the-continuum-of-no-cognitive-impairment-to-dementia
#5
Rachel L Burton, Megan E O'Connell, Debra G Morgan
Objective: The ability to carry out instrumental activities (IADL) of daily living allows older adults to continue to live independently. Previous research suggested IADL were supported by multiple cognitive and neuropsychiatric factors. The primary goal of this study was to investigate whether immediate memory, executive functions, depression, and apathy, predicted unique variance in IADL over and above demographic variables (age and education) and general cognitive screening (Mini-Mental State Exam)...
November 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189083/effectiveness-of-physiotherapy-in-elderly-patients-with-dementia-a-prospective-comparative-analysis
#6
Joanna Kowalska, Justyna Mazurek, Natalia Kubasik, Joanna Rymaszewska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of physiotherapy in nursing home patients with comorbid dementia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 88 patients, including 48 people with dementia and 40 people without dementia. Before and after physiotherapy, the Mini Mental State Examination and Barthel Index were used. RESULTS: Elderly patients without dementia achieved a greater improvement in functional status...
November 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165763/neuropsychological-intervention-of-minimal-cognitive-impairment-including-language-deficits
#7
Y Zhao, H Li
OBJECTIVE: Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is an early dementia or discrete memory loss. The cognitive deficit in MCI impedes people's daily activities, which influences multiple aspects of thinking and acting including attention, reading, writing, reasoning, language, and judgment. This review aims to assess the outcome of various neuropsychological interventions in treating MCI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MCI causes memory problems and is characterized by the cognitive damage that is disproportionate about individual education background and age...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145207/determinants-prevalence-and-trajectory-of-long-term-post-stroke-cognitive-impairment-results-from-a-4-year-follow-up-of-the-auckland-stroke-regional-outcomes-study-iv-study
#8
Susan Mahon, Priya Parmar, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Rita Krishnamurthi, Kelly Jones, Alice Theadom, Valery Feigin
BACKGROUND: The long-term (>12 months) prevalence, predictors, and trajectory of post-stroke cognitive deficits are not well established, especially at a community level. This study investigated the longitudinal course and prevalence of cognitive impairment in an incidence cohort, identifying factors associated with declining cognition. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-seven participants (mean age = 67.93 ± 13.59) of first-ever stroke survivors, completed cognitive assessments within 2 weeks post stroke, and/or 1, 6, 12, and 48-month...
November 16, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126372/exercise-improves-recognition-memory-and-synaptic-plasticity-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-for-rats-modelling-vascular-dementia
#9
Juntao Dong, Jingpu Zhao, Yangyang Lin, Huiying Liang, Xiaokuo He, Xiuyuan Zheng, Minghong Sui, Zhiqiang Zhuang, Tiebin Yan
OBJECTIVES: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) may induce involuntary exercise and make beneficial effects on vascular dementia (VD) by strengthening the BDNF-pCREB-mediated pathway and hippocampal plasticity. Whether FES improves recognition memory and synaptic plasticity in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) was investigated by establishing a VD model. METHODS: The VD rats were administered with two weeks of voluntary exercise, forced exercise, or involuntary exercise induced with FES...
November 10, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117794/cognitive-telerehabilitation-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-alzheimer-s-disease-and-frontotemporal-dementia-a-systematic-review
#10
Maria Cotelli, Rosa Manenti, Michela Brambilla, Elena Gobbi, Clarissa Ferrari, Giuliano Binetti, Stefano F Cappa
Introduction Given the limited effectiveness of pharmacological treatments, non-pharmacological interventions in neurodegenerative diseases have gained increasing attention in recent years and telerehabilitation has been proposed as a cognitive rehabilitation strategy. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine the evidence for the efficacy of cognitive telerehabilitation interventions compared with face-to-face rehabilitation in patients with mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal dementia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#11
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072042/active-exergames-to-improve-cognitive-functioning-in-neurological-disabilities-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Gioia Mura, Mauro G Carta, Federica Sancassiani, Sergio Machado, Luca Prosperini
INTRODUCTION: Exergames represent a way to perform physical activity through active video games, serving as potentially useful tool in the field of neurorehabilitation. However, little is known regarding the possible role of exergames in improving cognitive functions in persons suffering from neurological disabilities. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A search for relevant articles was carried out on PubMed/Medline, Scopus, PEDro, and Google Scholar. Only randomized controlled studies and non-randomized but controlled studies were retained...
October 25, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066873/application-of-a-computer-based-neurocognitive-assessment-battery-in-the-elderly-with-and-without-hearing-loss
#13
Christiane Völter, Lisa Götze, Michael Falkenstein, Stefan Dazert, Jan Peter Thomas
INTRODUCTION: Due to demographic changes, the number of people suffering not only from dementia illness but also from hearing impairment with the need for hearing rehabilitation have increased noticeably. Even with the association between hearing, age, and cognitive decline being well known, this issue has so far not played an important role in daily clinical Ear Nose Throat settings. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of a computer-based battery of tests of neurocognitive abilities in older patients with and without hearing loss...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064806/-gait-disturbances-and-falls-in-various-types-of-dementias
#14
Katarzyna Knast, Agnieszka Gorzkowska, Izabela Bieniek, Monika Rudzińska-Bar
Dementia is a group of symptoms of damage of higher cortical functions. The causes of dementia include brain diseases, most often chronic and progressive, leading to cognitive impairment typical of these disorders. Apart from progressive cognitive deficits, dementias may coexist with mental disorders, sleep disorders, epileptic seizures, parkinsonism and other motor disorders. Motor disorders, including gait disturbances and falls, represent a serious challenge to the health of older adults and contribute to loss of mobility and independence...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984597/cognitive-change-in-rehabilitation-patients-with-dementia-prevalence-and-association-with-rehabilitation-success
#15
Ilona Dutzi, Michael Schwenk, Marietta Kirchner, Jürgen M Bauer, Klaus Hauer
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a frequent diagnosis in geriatric rehabilitation. Studies in patients with dementia on the development of their cognitive status during rehabilitation and its relation to functional outcomes have been scarce. OBJECTIVES: To describe the changes in cognitive status in patients with dementia during inpatient rehabilitation and to determine its association with patient characteristics and rehabilitation outcome. METHODS: Cohort study in a geriatric rehabilitation center with data collection at admission and discharge...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971450/cognitive-enhancement-for-elderly-facing-dementia-with-the-use-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-therapy-techniques-and-psychological-treatment-a-case-study
#16
Georgia Dim Stratakou, Antonia Plerou
Psychological therapies in order to provide cognitive enhancement have gained some momentum the last decades. The goal of this case study was to evaluate the effects of a cognitive enhancement training program on daily living activities, cognition, and depression in a demented elderly participant. A 6-month training program was proposed for the participant, whose overall evaluation results suggest significant deficits impairment but whose response rate to the proposed tasks of the treatment was interestingly high...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961738/cognitive-rehabilitation-in-parkinson-s-disease-is-it-feasible
#17
Roberta Biundo, Luca Weis, Eleonora Fiorenzato, Angelo Antonini
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by motor and non-motor symptoms. Dementia is one of the most relevant non-motor symptoms considering its functional affect on PD patients' activities of daily living and family members' wellbeing. Cognitive abnormalities in PD are heterogeneous and reliable biomarkers to detect patients at risk for dementia early on remain to be identified. Pharmacological treatments specifically for PD dementia and mild cognitive impairment are lacking, and alternative approaches have recently been implemented, including cognitive rehabilitation...
November 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948301/-hearing-rehabilitation-with-cochlear-implants-and-cognitive-abilities
#18
REVIEW
S Knopke, H Olze
The relevance of assessing cognitive functioning is increasing against the background of the continuing demographic changes. Up to a few years ago the focus was on the effects of cochlear implantation in children born deaf in comparison to healthy individuals. Currently, the question arises whether hearing rehabilitation in the elderly, e.g. by postlingual cochlear implantation, has a protective effect on cognitive functioning and therefore on the risk of onset of dementia. This review describes the association of cognitive functioning with hearing disorders and cochlear implantation...
September 25, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895426/music-for-the-ageing-brain-cognitive-emotional-social-and-neural-benefits-of-musical-leisure-activities-in-stroke-and-dementia
#19
Teppo Särkämö
Music engages an extensive network of auditory, cognitive, motor, and emotional processing regions in the brain. Coupled with the fact that the emotional and cognitive impact of music is often well preserved in ageing and dementia, music is a powerful tool in the care and rehabilitation of many ageing-related neurological diseases. In addition to formal music therapy, there has been a growing interest in self- or caregiver-implemented musical leisure activities or hobbies as a widely applicable means to support psychological wellbeing in ageing and in neurological rehabilitation...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891356/benefits-and-burdens-family-caregivers-experiences-of-assistive-technology-at-in-everyday-life-with-persons-with-young-onset-dementia-yod
#20
Torhild Holthe, Rita Jentoft, Cathrine Arntzen, Kirsten Thorsen
BACKGROUND: People with dementia and their family caregivers may benefit from assistive technology (AT), but knowledge is scarce about family carers' (FC) experiences and involvement in the use of AT in everyday life. AIM: To examine the FC roles and experiences with AT as means of supporting people with young onset-dementia (YOD). METHOD: Qualitative interview study with follow-up design. Repeated semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 FC of people with YOD, participating in an ongoing intervention study investigating the families' use and experiences of AT in everyday life...
September 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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