keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sweat gland

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156534/effects-of-standardized-isopropanolic-black-cohosh-and-estrogen-on-salivary-function-in-ovariectomized-rats
#1
Shuya Liu, Kaiyu Niu, Yunmeng Da, Yao Liu, Jing Zhang, Wenjuan Wang, Yi Zhang, Hai Jiang, Ke Wang, Wenpei Bai, Lihua Qin, Jing Jia
Oral dryness is a common feature in menopausal women. Estrogen therapy can relieve this symptom; however, the underlying mechanism was not clear. Standardized isopropanolic black cohosh (Actaea racemosa; Remifemin) can also relieve menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes and sweating. Our previous study showed that standardized isopropanolic black cohosh could protect the submandibular gland structure. To investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of action of estrogen and standardized isopropanolic black cohosh on submandibular gland function in ovariectomized (OVX) rats, we measured body weight, daily water consumption, and blood flow in the submandibular glands...
November 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150132/prosthodontic-rehabilitation-with-monolithic-multichromatic-cad-cam-complete-overdentures-in-an-adolescent-patient-with-ectodermal-dysplasia-a-clinical-report
#2
Hussain D Alsayed, Nasser M Alqahtani, Yasmin M Alzayer, Dean Morton, John A Levon, Nadim Z Baba
Ectodermal dysplasia is a rare, hereditary, congenital disease that affects the normal development of certain tissues and structures of ectodermal origin. The disease is manifested to different degrees of severity and may involve the nose, eyes, hair, nails, sweat glands, and enamel. This report describes a 14-year-old boy with ectodermal dysplasia, rehabilitated with monolithic, multichromatic maxillary and mandibular computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) acrylic resin complete overdentures...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146725/rare-cause-of-adrenal-insufficiency
#3
Justin Ws Hii, Michael M Page, Andrew Wesseldine
A 72-year-old man presented with weight loss, night sweats and haemoptysis and was hypotensive. CT imaging showed rapidly enlarging bilateral adrenal masses, and he was found to have primary adrenal insufficiency. An adrenal gland biopsy revealed the rare diagnosis of primary adrenal lymphoma. This unique case highlights possible rare causes of adrenal masses and adrenal insufficiency, their investigation and management principles.
November 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145610/transition-to-an-aquatic-habitat-permitted-the-repeated-loss-of-the-pleiotropic-klk8-gene-in-mammals
#4
Nikolai Hecker, Virag Sharma, Michael Hiller
KLK8 (also called neuropsin) is a serine protease that plays distinct roles in the skin and hippocampus. In the skin, KLK8 influences keratinocyte proliferation and desquamation, and activates antimicrobial peptides in sweat. In the hippocampus, KLK8 affects memory acquisition. Here, we examined the evolution of KLK8 in mammals and discovered that, out of 70 placental mammals, KLK8 is exclusively lost in three independent fully-aquatic lineages, comprising dolphin, killer whale, minke whale and manatee. In addition, while the sperm whale has an intact KLK8 reading frame, the gene evolves neutrally in this species...
November 14, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143381/comparing-dermoscopy-and-histological-examination-of-normal-equine-skin
#5
Lara M Tomich, Jason B Pieper, Adam W Stern
BACKGROUND: Dermoscopy is a noninvasive diagnostic technique that allows visualization of structures of the superficial dermis not visible with the naked eye. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To assess the usefulness and applicability of dermoscopy for evaluation of healthy equine skin. ANIMALS: Twelve healthy horses from a research herd. METHODS: Five regions (cheek, lateral neck, dorsum, flank and abdomen) were examined with contact dermoscopy using both nonpolarized and polarized light at both 17-fold and 24-fold magnification...
November 15, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142091/physiological-and-pathophysiological-firing-properties-of-single-postganglionic-sympathetic-neurons-in-humans
#6
Vaughan G Macefield, B Gunnar Wallin
It has long been known from microneurographic recordings in human subjects that activity of postganglionic sympathetic axons occurs as spontaneous bursts, with muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) exhibiting strong cardiac rhythmicity via the baroreflex and skin sympathetic nerve activity (SSNA) showing much weaker cardiac modulation. Here we review the firing properties of single sympathetic neurons, obtained using highly selective microelectrodes. Individual vasoconstrictor neurons supplying muscle or skin, or sudomotor neurones supplying sweat glands, always discharge with a low firing probability (~30%) and at very low frequencies (~0...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130482/longitudinal-observational-study-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa-impact-of-surgical-intervention-with-adjunctive-biologic-therapy
#7
Victoria K Shanmugam, Shaunak Mulani, Sean McNish, Sarah Harris, Teresa Buescher, Richard Amdur
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis supppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the apocrine sweat glands affecting 1-4% of the population. While surgical excision is a mainstay of therapy, lesions often recur. Biologic therapies, including tumor necrosis factor-α and IL-12/23 inhibitors, are effective for mild to moderate HS. However, longitudinal studies investigating biologic therapy in conjunction with surgery are limited. The purpose of this analysis was to investigate impact of surgery and biologic therapy on HS disease activity...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128285/prolonged-and-localized-sweat-stimulation-by-iontophoretic-delivery-of-the-slowly-metabolized-cholinergic-agent-carbachol
#8
Phillip Simmers, S Kevin Li, Gerald Kasting, Jason Heikenfeld
BACKGROUND: Continuous non-invasive sampling and sensing of multiple classes of analytes could revolutionize medical diagnostics and wearable technologies, but also remains highly elusive because of the many confounding factors for candidate biofluids such as interstitial fluid, tears, saliva, and sweat. Eccrine sweat biosensing has seen a recent surge in demonstrations of wearable sampling and sensing devices. However, for subjects at rest, access to eccrine sweat is highly limited and unpredictable compared to saliva and tears...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118525/cytodiagnosis-of-eccrine-porocarcinoma-of-the-scalp
#9
Subrata Pal, Jyoti Prakash Phukan, Kingshuk Bose, Abhijit Saha
Eccrine porocarcinoma is a rare, malignant adnexal tumor of the duct of eccrine sweat gland. Cytology of eccrine porocarcinoma has been described in very few previous literature. Here, we present a case of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of eccrine porocarcinoma of the scalp, which is subsequently confirmed by histology. Accurate diagnosis of eccrine porocarcinoma by FNAC is very difficult, but determining the malignant nature of the lesion is crucial for curative surgery. FNAC can be a convenient, safe, and effective approach to solve difficult diagnostic dilemma...
October 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093237/basal-cell-carcinoma-of-vermilion-mucosa-of-upper-lip-a-rare-case-report
#10
Reza Yaghoobi, Nastaran Ranjbari, Nader Pazyar, Maryam Foroozan, Amir Feily
Although basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a common skin tumor, very rare cases of BCC arising from upper vermilion mucosa of lip have been reported previously. This tumor basically, originates from pillar structures and the involvement of the vermilion lip contrasts this concept so it is devoid of hair follicles and sweat glands. The exact pathogenesis of vermilion lip BCC is not clear but it has been postulated that the neoplasm originates from the pluripotential epithelial cells of the oral mucosa and epidermis...
July 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090205/eccrine-spiradenoma-of-the-scalp
#11
Jaehee Kim, Ho Jik Yang, Jung-Soo Pyo
Eccrine spiradenoma is an uncommon benign adnexal tumor originating from the eccrine sweat gland. We diagnosed a eccrine spiradenoma on a 55-year-old man with histopathologic confirmation upon biopsy followed by complete resection, who had visited our clinic with a chief complain of occipital scalp mass. The solitary eccrine spiradenoma occurring in the scalp is rarely to be seen and should be considered as a differential diagnosis for a solitary cystic mass of the scalp.
September 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084286/ezscan-for-undiagnosed-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Andrea Ruiz-Alejos, J Jaime Miranda, Rohini Mathur, Pablo Perel, Liam Smeeth
OBJECTIVES: The EZSCAN is a non-invasive device that, by evaluating sweat gland function, may detect subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of the study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis including studies assessing the performance of the EZSCAN for detecting cases of undiagnosed T2DM. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We searched for observational studies including diagnostic accuracy and performance results assessing EZSCAN for detecting cases of undiagnosed T2DM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080196/nitric-oxide-signaling-molecules-in-acupoints-toward-mechanisms-of-acupuncture
#13
Sheng-Xing Ma
Recent clinical trial studies have demonstrated that the effects of acupuncture on pain improvement are small and no difference between acupoints and non-points. Whether acupuncture needles must be inserted in specific points depends on whether acupoint specificity exists that is still not resolved, and is now urgent. Previous anatomical studies have demonstrated that acupoints exist higher number of nerve fibers/trunks, blood vessels, hair follicles, and sweat glands as well as density of the gap junction...
November 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068075/histomorphometric-approach-to-differentiate-skin-lesions-of-tuberculoid-leprosy-from-sarcoidosis
#14
Fabiane Leonel Utino, Gislaine Vieira Damiani, Marina Garcia, Tânia Cristina Benetti Soares, Rafael Fantelli Stelini, Paulo Eduardo Neves Ferreira Velho, Elemir Macedo de Souza, Maria Letícia Cintra
BACKGROUND: More than 200,000 new cases of leprosy are detected worldwide annually. Physicians commonly have difficulty in differentiating tuberculoid form of leprosy (TL) from sarcoidosis' cutaneous manifestation. METHODS: Skin biopsies of 33 patients with TL and 24 with sarcoidosis were reviewed on hematoxylin and eosin and Gomori stained sections, in order to find reliable criteria for distinguishing one disease from another. RESULTS: Nine of the 24 features analyzed presented significant predictive value for diagnosis (p < 0...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066724/structural-basis-for-the-bacterial-membrane-insertion-of-dermcidin-peptide-dcd-1l
#15
Van Sang Nguyen, Kang Wei Tan, Karthik Ramesh, Fook Tim Chew, Yu Keung Mok
Human dermcidin (DCD) is an antimicrobial peptide secreted constitutively by sweat glands. The anionic derivative, DCD-1L, comprises of the N-terminal 47 residues of DCD and one additional leucine residue. A previous NMR structure of DCD-1L in 50% TFE showed a partial helical conformation, and its crystal structure in the presence of Zn(2+) outlined a hexameric linear α-helical bundle. Three different models to describe membrane insertion were proposed but no conclusion was drawn. In the current study, the NMR structure of DCD-1L in SDS micelles showed an "L-shaped" molecule with three fully formed α-helices connected by flexible turns...
October 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057137/a-large-lumbar-adnexal-neoplasm-presenting-characteristics-of-eccrine-poroma-and-poroid-hidradenoma
#16
Adamantios Michalinos, Dimitrios Schizas, Antonios Sarakinos, Georgios Athanasiadis, Eleftherios Spartalis, Dimitrios Vlachodimitropoulos, Theodore Troupis
Poroma is a rare benign neoplasm that derives from eccrine sweat glands epithelium. Its histological subtypes, with respect to its position within skin layers, are eccrine poroma, hidroacanthoma simplex, poroid hidradenoma, and dermal duct tumor. Poromas commonly exhibit benign clinical behavior as they are usually small and asymptomatic and do not exhibit malignant behavior. Although their histological subtypes share similar histological characteristics, they rarely coexist in the same tumor. In this report we present the case of an unusual poroma in terms of histological and clinical behavior as it was large and presented histological characteristic of both eccrine poroma and poroid hidradenoma...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053046/microcystic-adnexal-carcinoma-of-the-orbit-mimicking-pagetoid-sebaceous-gland-carcinoma
#17
Bipasha Mukherjee, Nirmala Subramaniam, Krishna Kumar, Pratheeba Devi Nivean
Microcystic adnexal carcinoma (MAC) is a rare malignancy of sweat glands that has been reported most often on the face in the form of a cutaneous lesion, with the potential for deeper invasion. The synonyms of MAC include sclerosing sweat duct carcinoma, syringomatous carcinoma, and malignant syringoma. Clinically, MAC in the periocular area has been misdiagnosed as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, or even chalazia. We report a case of MAC presenting clinically as sebaceous gland carcinoma with pagetoid spread for the first time in literature...
October 20, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039047/the-expression-pattern-of-keratin-24-in-tissue-engineered-dermo-epidermal-human-skin-substitutes-in-an-in-vivo-model
#18
Agnes S Klar, Katarzyna Michalak, Sophie Böttcher-Haberzeth, Ernst Reichmann, Martin Meuli, Thomas Biedermann
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The use of autologous tissue-engineered skin substitutes is a promising approach to cover large skin defects in patients. Preclinical investigation is pivotal to test and improve the quality of these bio-engineered substitutes. In the skin, the epidermis, formed mainly by keratinocytes, provides the first physical barrier protecting from the environment. Proper keratinocyte differentiation and, thus, formation of a stratified epidermis is essential for this function...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037398/thermoregulation-of-male-sheep-of-indigenous-or-exotic-breeds-in-a-tropical-environment
#19
Messy Hannear de Andrade Pantoja, Sérgio Novita Esteves, Manuel Antonio Chagas Jacinto, José Ricardo Macedo Pezzopane, Cláudia Cristina Paro de Paz, Jamile Andréa Rodrigues da Silva, José de Brito Lourenço Junior, Felipe Zandonadi Brandão, Ana Beatriz Bossois Moura, Narian Romanello, Daniela Botta, Alexandre Rossetto Garcia
Climate change has intensified the frequency of heat waves in the world, thereby exposing farm animals to stressful conditions. For better productive performance it is important to identify the most resilient genotypes. Thus, our objective was to evaluate the thermoregulatory responses of rams of tropical indigenous (Morada Nova and Santa Inês) and exotic breeds (Dorper and Texel), by monitoring the environmental and physiological indicators related to heat tolerance. The experiment was carried out in a tropical climate region (Cwa), in Brazil, for twelve months, which comprised spring, summer, autumn and winter...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028127/pure-mucinous-colloid-adenocarcinoma-of-the-conjunctiva
#20
Valentina Logunova, Olayemi Sokumbi
Mucinous carcinomas of the periorbital area are very rare malignant tumors and can be primary or secondary to metastasis. Primary mucinous carcinomas of the eyelid include, most commonly, primary cutaneous mucinous carcinoma with endocrine mucin-producing sweat gland carcinoma being a remote second.[1,2,3,4] To our knowledge, primary mucinous carcinomas of conjunctiva or lacrimal gland elements have not been described in the literature.[5,6] Metastatic carcinoma from visceral sites should also be considered in the differential diagnosis...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
keyword
keyword
102740
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"