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Sweat gland

Hussnain Javaid, Naeem Raza, Urwa Ejaz, Tariq Sarfraz
Primary mucinous carcinoma of the skin is a rare malignant tumour of sweat gland origin. Diagnostic concerns include its deceptively benign appearance in some cases and the difficulty in differentiating it from secondary mucinous carcinoma of skin metastasising from a primary source elsewhere. A case of a 75-year-old man is reported who presented with a slowly growing painless mass near the lateral canthus of the right eye for about 2 years. Clinically, a diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma was made whereas histopathology revealed mucinous carcinoma of the skin...
January 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Sujing Sun, Jun Xiao, Jiahui Huo, Zhijun Geng, Kui Ma, Xiaoyan Sun, Xiaobing Fu
BACKGROUND: Patients with a deep burn injury are characterized by losing the function of perspiration and being unable to regenerate the sweat glands. Because of their easy accession, multipotency, and lower immunogenicity, bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) represent as an ideal biological source for cell therapy. The aim of this study was to identify whether targeting the promotor of ectodysplasin (EDA) by CRISPR/dCas9-effector (dCas9-E) could induce the BM-MSCs to differentiate into sweat gland-like cells (SGCs)...
January 12, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Tina Boortalary, Kanchan Misra, Sean McNish, Derek Jones, Victoria K Shanmugam
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, recurrent, inflammatory disease of the apocrine sweat glands. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors are commonly used to treat HS. However, prior to initiating therapy patients must be screened for mycobacterium tuberculosis (mTB) exposure. Several mTB screening tests based on interferon gamma release assays are commercially available, but the performance of these assays in the HS population is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the performance of the QuantiFERON gold in-tube assay (QFT-GIT) in a cohort of patients with Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Libor Fila
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disease caused by mutations in the transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. The disease leads to dysfunction of the exocrine glands with high concentration of chloride in the sweat and formation of abnormally viscous mucus in the respiratory, digestive and reproductive tract. Chronic sinopulmonary disease, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, liver disease, intestinal obstruction, impaired nutritional status, salt loss syndrome and male infertility dominates in the clinical presentation...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Michael J Buono, Mark Kolding, Eric Leslie, Daniel Moreno, Sarah Norwood, Andrew Ordille, Rebecca Weller
The purpose of this study was to determine the time course for the previously reported reduction in sweat sodium ion concentration during heat acclimation. Four healthy volunteers completed 7 consecutive days of heat acclimation which included 2h of treadmill walking in a 40°C and 40% relative humidity environment. A modified constant hyperthermia protocol was used as workloads were increased each day to maintain a constant core temperature over the 7 days of heat acclimation. Forearm sweat was collected 3 times during each 2h exercise bout on days 1, 3, 5, and 7 of heat acclimation...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Liyi Xie, Li Jin, Jie Feng, Jing Lv
Purpose: To research the distribution and quantitative changes of UT-A1, UT-B1, and AQP5 in uremic skin tissue. Methods: 34 cases of uremic patients (UP) and 11 controls were recruited. Immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, RT-PCR, and Western Blot were used to identify the proteins in sweat glands. Results: AQP5, UT-A1, and UT-B1 were expressed and localized in human skin basal lines, skin sweat glands, and sweat ducts, both in UP and controls...
2017: BioMed Research International
Jeeyeon Kim, Zoe Davies, Colleen Dunn, Jeffrey J Wine, Carlos Milla
BACKGROUND: To determine in vivo effects of CFTR modulators on mutation S945L. METHODS: We measured effects of CFTR modulators on CFTR-dependent sweating ('C-sweat') in two pancreatic sufficient cystic fibrosis (CF) subjects. S1 (S945L/G542X) took ivacaftor and S2 (S945L/F508del) took ivacaftor+tezacaftor. Sweating was stimulated pharmacologically to produce sequentially both CFTR-independent (methacholine stimulated) M-sweat and C-sweat; and the ratio of these was compared...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
Kosuke Yamaga, Hiroyuki Murota, Atsushi Tamura, Hirofumi Miyata, Masato Ohmi, Junichi Kikuta, Masaru Ishii, Sachiko Tsukita, Ichiro Katayama
The transfer of sweat to the skin surface without leakage is important for the homeostatic regulation of skin and is impaired in atopic dermatitis (AD). Although the precise composition of the leakage barrier remains obscure, there is a large contribution from claudins, the major components of tight junctions. In humans, claudin-1, -3, and -15 are expressed on sweat ducts, and claudin-3 and -10 are expressed on secretory coils. Although only two claudins are expressed in murine sweat glands, we found that the expression of claudin-3 is conserved...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
V I Vasilyev, S G Palshina, B D Chaltsev, S G Radenska-Lopovok, T N Safonova
The authors have described the world's first case of necrotizing sarcoid granulomatosis (NSG) in a 22-year-old woman with the clinical presentations of acute abdomen, which are associated with abdominal lymph nodal infiltration and necrosis, obvious constitutional disturbances (fever, nocturnal sweats, and significant weight loss), high inflammatory activity (anemia, leukocytosis, high erythrocyte sedimentation rates and C-reactive protein levels), the gradual appearance of splenic and hepatic necrotic foci, and infiltration into the lung and lacrimal glands with the development of unilateral uveitis...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Pranish Kolakshyapati, Xiuyuan Li, Chunye Chen, Mingxia Zhang, Weiqiang Tan, Lie Ma, Changyou Gao
It is a significant challenge to regenerate full-thickness skin defects with sweat glands. Various skin substitutes have been developed to resolve this issue with minimal success. In this study, to yield a novel construct for in situ regeneration of sweat glands, the collagen-chitosan porous scaffold was combined with Lipofectamine 2000/pDNA-EGF complexes to obtain the gene-activated scaffold (GAS), which was then seeded with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs). The porous scaffold functionalized as a reservoir for the incorporated gene complexes which were released in a sustained manner...
December 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Nandinii Ramasenderan, Hasliza Shahir, Siti Zarqah Omar
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous appendageal tumor can differentiate towards or arise from either pilosebaceous apparatus or the eccrine sweat glands. Appendageal tumors are relatively rare, their clinical appearance is non-specific, and the vast majority are not diagnosed until after excision. Eccrine porocarcinoma (EP), also known as malignant eccrine poroma is a rare adnexal tumor arising from the intraepithelial ductal parts of the sweat gland. CASE PRESENTATION: We presented a 65-year-old, Asian, female with medical co-morbids, who came with both a facial squamous cell carcinoma and a long-standing lesion over her left forearm...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Jau-Yu Liau, Jia-Huei Tsai, Wen-Chang Huang, Jui Lan, Jin-Bon Hong, Chang-Tsu Yuan
Tubular apocrine adenoma (TAA) and papillary eccrine adenoma (PEA) are benign sweat gland tumors. Their names imply that they exhibit apocrine and eccrine differentiation, respectively. However, morphologically they are very similar and are often indistinguishable. The molecular pathogenesis of either tumor is poorly understood at present. On the basis of an index case of nipple adenoma that was morphologically reminiscent of cutaneous TAA/PEA and harbored a BRAFV600E mutation, we investigated whether a similar genetic change is also present in TAA/PEA...
December 11, 2017: Human Pathology
Mar Llamas-Velasco, Thomas Mentzel, Arno Rütten
INTRODUCTION: Twelve cases of primary cutaneous secretory carcinoma (PCSC) have been published, 9 showing ETV6-NTRK3 translocation, a characteristic finding shared with secretory breast carcinoma and mammary analogue secretory carcinoma. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old female presented a solitary nodule on the right groin. Biopsy revealed a secretory carcinoma staining positive with CK7, CAM5.2, mammaglobulin and S100 and negative with GATA3, CK20, podoplanin, calponin and CDX2...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Sarah Brown, Paul Brennan, Neil Rajan
This article provides an overview of selected genetic skin conditions where multiple inherited cutaneous tumours are a central feature. Skin tumours that arise from skin structures such as hair, sweat glands and sebaceous glands are called skin appendage tumours. These tumours are uncommon, but can have important implications for patient care. Certain appendageal tumours, particularly when multiple lesions are seen, may indicate an underlying genetic condition. These tumours may not display clinical features that allow a secure diagnosis to be made, necessitating biopsy and dermatopathological assessment...
December 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
M A Marchetti, M L Marino, P Virmani, S W Dusza, A A Marghoob, G Nazzaro, A Lallas, C Landi, H Cabo, R Quiñones, E Gomez, S Puig, C Carrera
BACKGROUND: Poromas are benign cutaneous sweat gland tumours that are challenging to identify. The dermoscopic features of poromas are not well characterised. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical-dermoscopic features of poromas. METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational study of 113 poromas and 106 matched control lesions from 16 contributors and eight countries. Blinded reviewers evaluated the clinical and dermoscopic features present in each clinical and dermoscopic image...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Kenji Yokota, Michihiro Kono, Kazue Shimizu, Akihiro Sakakibara, Masashi Akiyama
Aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma (ADPA) is a rare cutaneous tumor with sweat gland differentiation. Due to the high risk of local recurrence and delayed metastasis, the wide local resection of the primary lesion and long-term follow up are recommended for ADPA. Here, we report two cases of ADPA. Case 1 had a blue-gray nodule on the tip of the right middle finger. Case 2 had had a papule on the dorsal side of the left ring finger for 13 years. In both cases, papillary proliferations of the tumor cells showed multilobular adenomatous structures with back-to-back patterns characteristic of ADPA...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
Nirpesh Adhikari, Sanjiv Neupane, Jiyeon Roh, Jong Hwa Jun, Jae-Kwang Jung, Wern-Joo Sohn, Jae-Young Kim, Ji-Youn Kim
Embryonic development of the mouse salivary glands begins with epithelial thickening and continues with sequential changes from the pre-bud to terminal bud stages. After birth, morphogenesis proceeds, and the glands develop into a highly branched epithelial structure that terminates with saliva-producing acinar cells at the adult stage. Acinar cells derived from the epithelium are differentiated into serous, mucous, and seromucous types. During differentiation, cytokeratins, intermediate filaments found in most epithelial cells, play vital roles...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Molecular Histology
Yoshie Hasegawa-Murakami, Michihiro Kono, Kenji Yokota, Hiroko Inaba, Takaya Fukumoto, Masashi Akiyama
Endocrine mucin-producing sweat gland carcinoma (EMPSGC) is very rare, with only 61 cases reported to date. EMPSGC is considered to be a low-grade carcinoma of sweat gland origin. Dermoscopic findings of EMPSGC have not been previously reported. We report the first case of a man with EMPSGC, featuring dermoscopic findings. Dermoscopic examinations of the present EMPSGC lesion revealed tumor cell proliferation that appeared as pink ovoid nests and elongated epidermis that resembled a whitish-pink network. Another characteristic finding of the present lesion was the large red/blue globules in pink ovoid nests in the tumor...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
María Adriana Castrillón Velásquez, Minhee Kim, Mei-Heng Tan, Kim Tran, Dedee F Murrell
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic and debilitating suppurative disease primarily affecting the axillae, perineum, and inframammary regions, where apocrine sweat glands are present. However, HS can occur in atypical locations. We present an interesting case of a 40-year-old man who developed chronic painful subcutaneous nodules, deep sinus tracts, and abscesses involving the jawline and the anterior aspect of the neck as the only parts of the body affected and who responded satisfactorily to adalimumab and laser hair removal treatment...
October 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
Mark R Wick
Several primary pathologic entities in diverse anatomic locations have the potential to simulate metastatic neoplasms histologically. Their misinterpretation as such may result in needless and extensive clinical evaluations that are intended to detect a presumed malignancy at another site. More importantly, mistakes of this type can deprive patients of surgical excisions that could be curative. This presentation considers a review of selected primary lesions that can simulate metastases. They include hemangioblastoma, glioblastoma and meningioma with epithelial metaplasia, choroid plexus carcinomas, primary neuroendocrine carcinomas in unusual locations, special forms of sinonasal and salivary glandular adenocarcinoma, clear-cell thyroid carcinomas, unusual microscopic subtypes of pulmonary adenocarcinoma, epithelioid myomelanocytomas ("sugar tumors"), mesotheliomas, primary thymic carcinomas, endodermal choristomas of the interatrial myocardium, peripheral cholangiocarcinoma, adrenocortical carcinoma, adenocarcinomas of the urinary bladder, mucinous and "rhabdoid" tumors of the ovaries, rete testis adenocarcinomas, interdigitating dendritic-cell sarcoma of lymph nodes, selected sweat gland carcinomas, cutaneous Merkel cell carcinoma, primary dermal and subcutaneous melanoma, mucosal and visceral melanomas, epithelioid sarcoma, clear-cell sarcoma, and adamantinoma of long bones...
November 17, 2017: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
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