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Sweat gland

Jeeyeon Kim, Miesha Farahmand, Colleen Dunn, Zoe Davies, Eric Frisbee, Carlos Milla, Jeffrey J Wine
Beta-adrenergically-stimulated sweat rates determined by evaporimetry or by sweat bubble imaging are useful for measuring CFTR function because they provide a near-linear readout across almost the full range of CFTR function. They differentiate cystic fibrosis (CF) subjects from CF carriers and carriers from controls. However, evaporimetry, unlike bubble imaging, appears to be unable to detect improved levels of CFTR function in G551D subjects taking the CFTR modulator ivacaftor. Here, we quantify the sensitivity of evaporimetry and bubble imaging methods for assessing low levels of CFTR-dependent sweat rates...
2016: PloS One
Luke Grome, Patrick Bacaj, Gregory Borah
A 38-year-old woman is described who presented with a slowly growing mass on the posterior aspect of the left ear. Excision and histopathologic evaluation revealed a pleomorphic adenoma (PA) originating from heterotopic salivary gland tissue. Many authors have presented cases of PAs originating from ceruminous glands in the external auditory canal or of so-called chondroid syringoma originating from apocrine and eccrine sweat glands. This is the only case in the recent literature of a PA originating from a heterotopic rest of salivary gland tissue in the retroauricular region...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
R Peng, Z Sonner, A Hauke, E Wilder, J Kasting, T Gaillard, D Swaille, F Sherman, X Mao, J Hagen, R Murdock, J Heikenfeld
Wearable sweat biosensensing technology has dominantly relied on techniques which place planar-sensors or fluid-capture materials directly onto the skin surface. This 'on-skin' approach can result in sample volumes in the μL regime, due to the roughness of skin and/or due to the presence of hair. Not only does this increase the required sampling time to 10's of minutes or more, but it also increases the time that sweat spends on skin and therefore increases the amount of analyte contamination coming from the skin surface...
October 18, 2016: Lab on a Chip
Axel R Concepcion, Martin Vaeth, Larry E Wagner, Miriam Eckstein, Lee Hecht, Jun Yang, David Crottes, Maximilian Seidl, Hyosup P Shin, Carl Weidinger, Scott Cameron, Stuart E Turvey, Thomas Issekutz, Isabelle Meyts, Rodrigo S Lacruz, Mario Cuk, David I Yule, Stefan Feske
Eccrine sweat glands are essential for sweating and thermoregulation in humans. Loss-of-function mutations in the Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channel genes ORAI1 and STIM1 abolish store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), and patients with these CRAC channel mutations suffer from anhidrosis and hyperthermia at high ambient temperatures. Here we have shown that CRAC channel-deficient patients and mice with ectodermal tissue-specific deletion of Orai1 (Orai1K14Cre) or Stim1 and Stim2 (Stim1/2K14Cre) failed to sweat despite normal sweat gland development...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Vinciane Saint-Criq, Michael A Gray
Salt and fluid absorption and secretion are two processes that are fundamental to epithelial function and whole body fluid homeostasis, and as such are tightly regulated in epithelial tissues. The CFTR anion channel plays a major role in regulating both secretion and absorption in a diverse range of epithelial tissues, including the airways, the GI and reproductive tracts, sweat and salivary glands. It is not surprising then that defects in CFTR function are linked to disease, including life-threatening secretory diarrhoeas, such as cholera, as well as the inherited disease, cystic fibrosis (CF), one of the most common life-limiting genetic diseases in Caucasian populations...
October 6, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Julie Turnbull, Erica Tiberia, Pasquale Striano, Pierre Genton, Stirling Carpenter, Cameron A Ackerley, Berge A Minassian
Lafora disease (LD) is an autosomal recessive progressive myoclonus epilepsy due to mutations in the EPM2A (laforin) and EPM2B (malin) genes, with no substantial genotype-phenotype differences between the two. Founder effects and recurrent mutations are common, and mostly isolated to specific ethnic groups and/or geographical locations. Pathologically, LD is characterized by distinctive polyglucosans, which are formations of abnormal glycogen. Polyglucosans, or Lafora bodies (LB) are typically found in the brain, periportal hepatocytes of the liver, skeletal and cardiac myocytes, and in the eccrine duct and apocrine myoepithelial cells of sweat glands...
September 1, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
Nanbo Liu, Sha Huang, Bin Yao, Jiangfan Xie, Xu Wu, Xiaobing Fu
3D bioprinting matrices are novel platforms for tissue regeneration. Tissue self-organization is a critical process during regeneration that implies the features of organogenesis. However, it is not clear from the current evidences whether 3D printed construct plays a role in guiding tissue self-organization in vitro. Based on our previous study, we bioprinted a 3D matrix as the restrictive niche for direct sweat gland differentiation of epidermal progenitors by different pore structure (300-μm or 400-μm nozzle diameters printed) and reported a long-term gradual transition of differentiated cells into glandular morphogenesis occurs within the 3D construct in vitro...
October 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
Bin Yao, Jiangfan Xie, Nanbo Liu, Tao Yan, Zhao Li, Yufan Liu, Sha Huang, Xiaobing Fu
Sweat gland cells are responsible for the regulation of body temperature and are critical for wound repair. Furthermore, they have the regenerative potential in response to injury, and show a substantial turnover during both wound healing and homeostasis. However, as a usual research model of sweat gland, mice have not too much glandular cells for experiments. In this study, we identify previously unreported sweat gland progenitor population in mice and characterize them. The progenitor characteristics of sweat gland were confirmed using cellular immunofluorescence assay and quantitative real-time PCR assay...
October 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Lobna Ayadi, Manel Mallouli, Rim Kallel, Slim Charfi, Saadia Makni, Tahya Sellami Boudawara, Naourez Gouiaa
Tubulo-papillary apocrine adenoma (TAA) is a very rare sweat gland tumor. TAA in association with syringocystadenoma papilliferum (SCP) is exceptional. A 2-year-old Tunisian child developed a mixed tumor on the scalp: TAA in association with SCP. Histologically, the tumor consisted of dilated duct-like areas with some apocrine gland-like areas. The superficial part of the tumor was connected to the epidermis and showed the characteristics of SCP. The characteristics and differences in histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings in this mixed tumor are described...
October 2016: Annales de Pathologie
Roman Rieger
Primary plantar hyperhidrosis is defined as excessive secretion of the sweat glands of the feet and may lead to significant limitations in private and professional lifestyle and reduction of health-related quality of life. Conservative therapy measures usually fail to provide sufficient relieve of symptoms and do not allow long-lasting elimination of hyperhidrosis. Endoscopic lumbar sympathectomy appears to be a safe and effective procedure for eliminating excessive sweating of the feet and improves quality of life of patients with severe plantar hyperhidrosis...
November 2016: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Elizabeth E Cottrill, Bei Chen, Nithin D Adappa, James N Palmer, David W Kennedy, Robert J Lee, Noam A Cohen
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) produced by the epithelium are important for innate immune defense. In 2001, a novel AMP dermcidin (DCD) was described with no homology to other AMPs and an expression pattern restricted to eccrine sweat glands. In contrast to other AMPs, DCD expression has not been shown to be induced under inflammatory conditions in the skin. After identifying DCD by mass spectrometry in a protein sample isolated from human nasal secretions, we sought to determine the role of DCD in innate defense of the sinonasal airway...
September 21, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Yusuke Nagasawa, Akemi Ishida-Yamamoto
Primary cutaneous mucinous carcinoma (PCMC) is a rare sweat gland tumor characterized by the presence of abundant mucin around the tumor islands, but the molecular mechanisms for this structure are not well elucidated. Because mucin is epithelial in nature, it is likely to be produced by epithelial tumor cells, not by surrounding stromal cells. We hypothesized that the abundant mucin is a result of reversed cellular polarity of the tumor. To test this hypothesis, we conducted an immunohistological study to investigate expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins occludin and ZO-1 in PCMC, as well as in normal sweat glands and other sweat gland tumors...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
Caterina Bombonato, Simonetta Piana, Elvira Moscarella, Aimillios Lallas, Giuseppe Argenziano, Caterina Longo
Eccrine poroma is a rare benign adnexal tumor of epithelial cells originating from the terminal ductal portion of the sweat glands that is typically located on palms and soles, although other cutaneous sites can be affected [1]. It is usually nonpigmented even if there is a pigmented variant that corresponds to 17% of cases and it is usually underdiagnosed, since it is mistakenly confused with other pigmented tumors [2,3]. Dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) may assist in the correct diagnosis of this tumor...
July 2016: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
Christina Wlodek, Nidhi Bhatt, Cameron Kennedy
A number of neutrophilic dermatoses are associated with malignancies and their treatment. These rarely occur together in the same patient. A Caucasian 72-year-old male was treated for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with chemotherapy including daunorubicin and cytarabine. Within 48 hours of commencing treatment, he developed pyrexia and, two days later, disseminated non-tender pink plaques on the limbs and trunk. A skin biopsy showed a dermal interstitial infiltrate of lymphocytes, histiocytoid cells and predominantly neutrophils...
July 2016: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
Y Shimoda, Y Sato, Y Hayashida, Y Yamazaki, Y Mizukawa, K Nakajima, T Shiohara, Y Aoyama
BACKGROUND: Although a number of pathological processes resulting in amyloid deposition has been described in lichen amyloidosus (LA), no attention has been given to the involvement of sweat glands/ducts in the pathogenesis of LA. According to recent studies, the follicular structures are usually spared in serial histologic sections of LA and deposits of amyloid are likely to be confined to areas that display xerosis, suggesting that decreases in skin wetness by sweating disturbance seem to initiate LA...
September 15, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Marziyeh Ranjbar-Mohammadi, Shahram Rabbani, S Hajir Bahrami, M T Joghataei, F Moayer
In this study we describe the potential of electrospun curcumin-loaded poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)/gum tragacanth (GT) (PCL/GT/Cur) nanofibers for wound healing in diabetic rats. These scaffolds with antibacterial property against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus as gram positive bacteria and extended spectrum β lactamase as gram negative bacteria were applied in two forms of acellular and cell-seeded for assessing their capability in healing full thickness wound on the dorsum of rats. After 15days, pathological study showed that the application of GT/PCL/Cur nanofibers caused markedly fast wound closure with well-formed granulation tissue dominated by fibroblast proliferation, collagen deposition, complete early regenerated epithelial layer and formation of sweat glands and hair follicles...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Young Oh Shin, Jeong-Beom Lee, Jeong-Ho Kim
The quantitative sudomotor axon reflex testing (QSART) is a classic test of routine postganglionic sudomotor function. We investigated sudomotor function by QSART after summer (July 2012) and winter (January 2013) seasonal acclimation (SA) in the Republic of Korea. QSART with acetylcholine (ACh) iontophoresis were performed to determine directly activated (DIR) and axon reflex-mediated (AXR1, 2) sweating rate. Onset time of axon reflex, activated sweat gland density (ASGD), activated sweat gland output (ASGO), tympanic and skin temperatures (Tty, Tsk), basal metabolic rate (BMR), and evaporative loss volume changes were measured...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
Peter Novak
PURPOSE: Electrochemical skin conductance (ESC) using reverse iontophoresis and chronoamperometry has been used to evaluate abnormal function of small fibers. How ESC correlates with loss of small fibers in skin is unclear. METHODS: This was a prospective, blinded study. The primary outcome measure was the correlation between ESC at the feet and results of skin biopsies including epidermal nerve fiber density (ENFD) and sweat gland nerve fiber density (SGNFD) at the distal leg...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Nükhet Cavusoglu, Caroline Delattre, Mark Donovan, Sylvie Bourassa, Arnaud Droit, Charles El Rawadi, Roland Jourdain, Dominique Bernard
The study aimed at detecting differentially expressed proteins in the stratum corneum of dandruff versus non-dandruff scalps to better understand dandruff aetiology. iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic analysis revealed a total of 68 differentially expressed biomarkers. A detailed analysis of their known physiological functions provided new insights into the affected metabolic pathways of a dandruff scalp. Dandruff scalp showed (1) profound changes in the expression and maturation of structural and epidermal differentiation related proteins, that are responsible for the integrity of the skin, (2) altered relevant factors that regulate skin hydration, and (3) an imbalanced physiological protease-protease inhibitor ratio...
November 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Carla Bizzarri, Stefania Pedicelli, Marco Cappa, Stefano Cianfarani
In newborns and infants, dehydration and salt wasting represent a relatively common cause of admission to hospital and may result in life-threatening complications. Kidneys are responsible for electrolyte homoeostasis, but neonatal kidneys show low glomerular filtration rate and immaturity of the distal nephron, leading to reduced ability to concentrate urine. High extrarenal fluid losses often contribute to the increased occurrence of electrolyte disorders. Aldosterone is essential for sodium retention in the kidney, salivary glands, sweat glands and colon...
September 7, 2016: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
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