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Manual therapies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664225/improvement-of-dose-calculation-in-radiation-therapy-due-to-metal-artifact-correction-using-the-augmented-likelihood-image-reconstruction
#1
Christian Ziemann, Maik Stille, Florian Cremers, Thorsten M Buzug, Dirk Rades
BACKGROUND: Metal artifacts caused by high-density implants lead to incorrectly reconstructed Hounsfield units in computed tomography images. This can result in a loss of accuracy in dose calculation in radiation therapy. This study investigates the potential of the metal artifact reduction algorithms, Augmented Likelihood Image Reconstruction and linear interpolation, in improving dose calculation in the presence of metal artifacts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to simulate a pelvis with a double-sided total endoprosthesis, a polymethylmethacrylate phantom was equipped with two steel bars...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663430/effectiveness-of-a-new-single-needle-single-pump-dialysis-system-with-simultaneous-monitoring-of-dialysis-dose
#2
Wolfgang Bieser, Markus Welsch, Marten Jakob, Jörn Meibaum, David A Rodriguez, Henrik Wolff, Daniele Marcelli, Claudia Barth
To date, single-needle (SN) hemodialysis (HD) requires a dialysis machine equipped with two blood pumps-one controlling arterial blood flow (Qb) and one controlling venous Qb. B. Braun has developed an innovative single-pump SN HD system. Therefore, usability is improved by reducing complexity. The aim of this study was to compare dialysis parameters of the new single-pump SN HD system with a double-pump SN HD system available on the market (Fresenius Medical Care [FMC] 5008). In this two-armed crossover study, patients were randomized into two groups (B...
April 16, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663266/hepatitis-b-virus-screening-and-reactivation-in-a-national-va-cohort-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-treated-with-tumor-necrosis-factor-antagonists
#3
Rajesh Shah, Edith Y Ho, Jennifer R Kramer, Peter Richardson, Shubhada Sansgiry, Hashem B El-Serag, Jason K Hou
BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines recommend screening for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection prior to initiating treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy. However, the adherence to these screening guidelines and the clinical outcomes of HBV reactivation following anti-TNF use are not well known. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using the Veterans Health Administration datasets for IBD patients with filled prescriptions for anti-TNFs from 2003 to 2011...
April 16, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658838/effectiveness-of-translational-manipulation-under-interscalene-block-for-the-treatment-of-adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-shoulder-a-nonrandomized-clinical-trial
#4
Daniel G Rendeiro, Gail D Deyle, Norman W Gill, Guy R Majkowski, Ian E Lee, Dale A Jensen, Robert S Wainner
STUDY DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether translational manipulation under anesthesia/local block (TMUA) adds to the benefit of mobilization and range of motion exercise for improving pain and functional status among patients with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder (AC). BACKGROUND: TMUA has been shown to improve pain and dysfunction in patients with AC. This intervention has not been directly compared to physical therapy treatment without TMUA in a prospective trial...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657926/efficacy-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-maintenance-treatment-and-relapse-prevention-for-bipolar-adolescents
#5
Soroor Arman, Farnaz Golmohammadi, Mohammadreza Maracy, Mitra Molaeinezhad
Background: Despite conducting wide-ranging of pharmacotherapy for bipolar adolescents, many of them are showing a deficit in functioning with high relapse rate. The aim of the current study was to develop a manual and investigate the efficacy of group cognitive-behavioral therapy (G-CBT) for female bipolar adolescents. Materials and Methods: During the first qualitative phase of a mixed-methods study, a manual of G-CBT was developed. Then, 32 female bipolar adolescents aged 12-19 years old, receiving usual maintenance medications (UMM), were selected...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657693/the-effects-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-on-man-smokers-comorbid-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-and-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Mohammadreza Davoudi, Abdollah Omidi, Mojtaba Sehat, Zahra Sepehrmanesh
Background: Besides physical problems, cigarette smoking is associated with a high prevalence of comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms. One of the reasons behind high post-cessation smoking lapse and relapse rates is inattentiveness to these symptoms during the process of cessation. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on male smokers' comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms and smoking cessation. Methods: This two-group pre-test-post-test randomized controlled trial was done on a random sample of seventy male smokers...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657562/mental-health-disorder-therapeutic-modalities-modified-for-the-gms
#7
REVIEW
Tipsuda Sumneangsanor, Sararud Vuthiarpa, Chomchueun Somprasert
Background: Mental health disorders can affect physical and psychological behaviors. The people of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) have a high risk of mental health disorders, such as depression, stress, and substance abuse be-cause the people in this region are trafficked for forced sex work and various forms of forced labor. In these situations, vic-tims often endure violence and abuse from trafficking recruiters, employers, and other individuals. The purposes of this study were to identify the elements characterizing mental health disorders, especially in terms of depression, stress, and sub-stance abuse, and to identify the treatment modalities for mental health disorders in the GMS...
December 2017: Current Psychiatry Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656846/development-and-validation-of-a-self-administered-neck-mobility-assessment-tool-s-rom-neck-in-chronic-neck-pain-patients
#8
Anke Langenfeld, Caroline Bastiaenen, Judith Sieben, Jaap Swanenburg
BACKGROUND: Cervical spine (CS) range of motion (ROM) is commonly used to assess neck pain. However, this measurement is often limited by the clinician's experience and perception. Therefore, the integration of perceptual feedback of the patient can optimize and personalize treatment. OBJECTIVE: Develop and validate a questionnaire (S-ROM-Neck) to evaluate ROM of the CS from the patient's perspective. DESIGN: Validation study. METHODS: The assessment tool was developed and optimized during pretest sessions...
April 10, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656792/training-children-aged-5-10-years-in-manual-compliance-control-to-improve-drawing-and-handwriting
#9
Geoffrey P Bingham, Winona Snapp-Childs
A large proportion of school-aged children exhibit poor drawing and handwriting. This prevalence limits the availability of therapy. We developed an automated method for training improved manual compliance control and relatedly, prospective control of a stylus. The approach included a difficult training task, while providing parametrically modifiable support that enables the children to perform successfully while developing good compliance control. The task was to use a stylus to push a bead along a 3D wire path...
April 12, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650309/open-loop-glucose-control-automatic-iob-based-super-bolus-feature-for-commercial-insulin-pumps
#10
Nicolás Rosales, Hernán De Battista, Josep Vehí, Fabricio Garelli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although there has been significant progress towards closed-loop type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) treatments, most diabetic patients still treat this metabolic disorder in an open-loop manner, based on insulin pump therapy (basal and bolus insulin infusion). This paper presents a method for automatic insulin bolus shaping based on insulin-on-board (IOB) as an alternative to conventional bolus dosing. METHODS: The methodology presented allows the pump to generate the so-called super-bolus (SB) employing a two-compartment IOB dynamic model...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649888/factors-affecting-occupational-therapists-decision-to-join-their-regional-professional-association-facteurs-influen%C3%A3-ant-la-d%C3%A3-cision-des-ergoth%C3%A3-rapeutes-de-joindre-les-rangs-de-leur-association-professionnelle-r%C3%A3-gionale
#11
Angelica N Reyes, Cary A Brown
BACKGROUND: Voluntary occupational therapy organizations fill an important role. However, recruitment and retention can be problematic. Little is known about factors influencing occupational therapists to join/maintain membership in professional associations. PURPOSE: This study investigated factors influencing occupational therapists' decision to join/remain members of their association. METHOD: An electronic survey was carried out and data were analyzed using SPSS software and manual categorization of open-ended comments...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628063/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-is-associated-with-enhanced-cognitive-control-network-activity-in-major-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#12
Zhen Yang, Desmond J Oathes, Kristin A Linn, Steven E Bruce, Theodore D Satterthwaite, Philip A Cook, Emma K Satchell, Haochang Shou, Yvette I Sheline
BACKGROUND: Both major depressive disorder (MDD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are characterized by depressive symptoms, abnormalities in brain regions important for cognitive control, and response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). However, whether a common neural mechanism underlies CBT response across diagnoses is unknown. METHODS: Brain activity during a cognitive control task was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging in 104 participants: 28 patients with MDD, 53 patients with PTSD, and 23 healthy control subjects; depression and anxiety symptoms were determined on the same day...
April 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626140/military-application-of-mechanical-cpr-devices-a-pressing-requirement
#13
EDITORIAL
Iain T Parsons, A T Cox, P S C Rees
Maintaining high-quality chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation following cardiac arrest presents a challenge. The currently available mechanical CPR (mCPR) devices are described in this review, coupled with an analysis of the evidence pertaining to their efficacy. Overall, mCPR appears to be at least equivalent to high-quality manual CPR in large trials. There is potential utility for mCPR devices in the military context to ensure uninterrupted quality CPR following a medical cardiac arrest...
April 6, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625957/development-and-feasibility-testing-of-internet-delivered-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-severe-health-anxiety-pilot-study
#14
Ditte Hoffmann, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Brjánn Ljótsson, Lisbeth Frostholm
BACKGROUND: Severe health anxiety (hypochondriasis), or illness anxiety disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition, is characterized by preoccupation with fear of suffering from a serious illness in spite of medical reassurance. It is a debilitating, prevalent disorder associated with increased health care utilization. Still, there is a lack of easily accessible specialized treatment for severe health anxiety. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this paper were to (1) describe the development and setup of a new internet-delivered acceptance and commitment therapy (iACT) program for patients with severe health anxiety using self-referral and a video-based assessment; and (2) examine the feasibility and potential clinical efficacy of iACT for severe health anxiety...
April 6, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625508/automated-office-blood-pressure-measurement
#15
REVIEW
Martin G Myers
Manual blood pressure (BP) recorded in routine clinical practice is relatively inaccurate and associated with higher readings compared to BP measured in research studies in accordance with standardized measurement guidelines. The increase in routine office BP is the result of several factors, especially the presence of office staff, which tends to make patients nervous and also allows for conversation to occur. With the disappearance of the mercury sphygmomanometer because of environmental concerns, there is greater use of oscillometric BP recorders, both in the office setting and elsewhere...
April 2018: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624208/gemcitabine-based-chemotherapy-for-advanced-biliary-tract-carcinomas
#16
REVIEW
Omar Abdel-Rahman, Zeinab Elsayed, Hesham Elhalawani
BACKGROUND: Biliary tract cancers are a group of rare heterogeneous malignant tumours. They include intrahepatic and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas, gallbladder carcinomas, and ampullary carcinomas. Surgery remains the optimal modality of therapy leading to long-term survival for people diagnosed with resectable biliary tract carcinomas. Unfortunately, most people with biliary tract carcinomas are diagnosed with either unresectable locally-advanced or metastatic disease, and they are only suitable for palliative chemotherapy or supportive care...
April 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620635/effects-of-fixed-orthodontic-brackets-on-oral-malodor-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-according-to-the-preferred-reporting-items-for-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-guidelines
#17
Jing Huang, Cui-Ying Li, Jiu-Hui Jiang
BACKGROUND: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to identify whether there is any relationship between fixed orthodontic appliances and malodor, and if self-ligating brackets (SLBs) prevent malodor better than conventional brackets (CBs). METHODS: The electronic databases PubMed, Ovid, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to September 2016; a manual search was also performed. Randomized controlled and clinical controlled trials, in which experimental groups received fixed orthodontic therapy and malodor was measured, were included...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616446/biomechanics-based-graph-matching-for-augmented-ct-cbct
#18
Jaime Garcia Guevara, Igor Peterlik, Marie-Odile Berger, Stéphane Cotin
PURPOSE: Augmenting intraoperative cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images with preoperative computed tomography data in the context of image-guided liver therapy is proposed. The expected benefit is an improved visualization of tumor(s), vascular system and other internal structures of interest. METHOD: An automatic elastic registration based on matching of vascular trees extracted from both the preoperative and intraoperative images is presented. Although methods dedicated to nonrigid graph matching exist, they are not efficient when large intraoperative deformations of tissues occur, as is the case during the liver surgery...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616088/retrospective-screening-of-microarray-data-to-identify-candidate-ifn-inducible-genes-in-a-htlv-1-transformed-model
#19
Alaa Refaat, Mohamed Owis, Sherif Abdelhamed, Ikuo Saiki, Hiroaki Sakurai
HuT-102 cells are considered one of the most representable human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1)-infected cell lines for studying adult T-cell lymphoma (ATL). In our previous studies, genome-wide screening was performed using the GeneChip system with Human Genome Array U133 Plus 2.0 for transforming growth factor-β-activated kinase 1 (TAK1)-, interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3)- and IRF4-regulated genes to demonstrate the effects of interferon-inducible genes in HuT-102 cells. Our previous findings demonstrated that TAK1 induced interferon inducible genes via an IRF3-dependent pathway and that IRF4 has a counteracting effect...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614982/how-to-customize-a-bona-fide-psychotherapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-two-arms-patient-blinded-abab-crossed-therapist-randomized-clinical-implementation-trial-design-implement-2-0
#20
Christoph Flückiger, Christine Wolfer, Judith Held, Peter Hilpert, Julian Rubel, Mathias Allemand, Richard E Zinbarg, Andreea Vîslă
BACKGROUND: Bona fide psychotherapy approaches are effective treatments for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) compared to no-treatment conditions. Treatment manuals and protocols allow a relatively high degree of freedom for the way therapists implement these overall treatment packages and there is a systematic lack of knowledge on how therapists should customize these treatments. The present study experimentally examines two implementation strategies of customizing a bona fide psychotherapy approach based on a 16 session time-limited cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) protocol and their relation to the post-session and ultimate treatment outcomes...
April 3, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
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