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Musculoskeletal medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332733/a-fundamental-critique-of-the-fascial-distortion-model-and-its-application-in-clinical-practice
#1
Christoph Thalhamer
INTRODUCTION: The therapeutic techniques used in the fascial distortion model (FDM) have become increasingly popular among manual therapists and physical therapists. The reasons for this trend remain to be empirically explored. Therefore this paper pursues two goals: first, to investigate the historical and theoretical background of FDM, and second, to discuss seven problems associated with the theory and practice of FDM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The objectives of this paper are based on a review of the literature...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331970/is-there-a-social-gradient-of-sarcopenia-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Darci Green, Gustavo Duque, Nick Fredman, Aoun Rizvi, Sharon Lee Brennan-Olsen
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia (or loss of muscle mass and function) is a relatively new area within the field of musculoskeletal research and medicine. Investigating whether there is a social gradient, including occupation type and income level, of sarcopenia, as observed for other diseases, will contribute significantly to the limited evidence base for this disease. This new information may inform the prevention and management of sarcopenia and widen the evidence base to support existing and future health campaigns...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325839/the-effect-of-low-load-exercise-on-joint-pain-function-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
Jason Peeler, Jacquie Ripat
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis has a lifetime risk of nearly one in two, with obese individuals being most susceptible. While exercise is universally recognized as a critical component for management, unsafe or ineffective exercise frequently leads to exacerbation of joint symptoms. AIM: Evaluate the effect of a 12week lower body positive pressure (LBPP) supported low-load treadmill walking program on knee pain, joint function, and performance of daily activities in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA)...
January 8, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303400/the-sequence-of-prevention-for-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-recreational-basketballers-a-systematic-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#4
Özgür Kilic, Vivian van Os, Ellen Kemler, Maarten Barendrecht, Vincent Gouttebarge
OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is no overview of the incidence and (basketball-specific) risk factors of musculoskeletal injuries among recreational basketball players, nor any insight into the effect of preventive measures on the incidence of basketball injuries. This study aimed to gather systematically the scientific evidence on the incidence, prevalence, aetiology and preventive measures for musculoskeletal injuries among recreational basketball players. METHODS: Highly sensitive search strategies were built based on three groups of keywords (and related search terms)...
January 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298650/potential-application-of-centrifuges-to-protect-the-cns-in-space-and-on-earth
#5
Yoshiki Takamatsu, Gilbert Ho, Yuki Shimizu, Shuei Sugama, Takato Takenouchi, Masaaki Waragai, Jianshe Wei, Makoto Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: Centrifuges are the principal means of generating physiological hypergravity and have been used for many medical purposes, including the therapy of psychiatric diseases and evaluation of vestibular system in the pilots. In particular, modern centrifuges have evolved into mechanically sophisticated precision instruments compared to primitive ones in old times, indicating that centrifuges might possess great potential in modern medicine. Indeed, studies are in progress to apply centrifuges to musculoskeletal degenerative diseases, such as osteoporosis and sarcopenia...
December 29, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280310/osteogenic-stimulation-of-human-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-using-a-fungal-metabolite-that-suppresses-the-polycomb-group-protein-ezh2
#6
Rebekah M Samsonraj, Amel Dudakovic, Bushra Manzar, Buer Sen, Allan B Dietz, Simon M Cool, Janet Rubin, Andre J van Wijnen
Strategies for musculoskeletal tissue regeneration apply adult mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) that can be sourced from bone marrow- and lipo-aspirates. Adipose tissue-derived MSCs are more easily harvested in the large quantities required for skeletal tissue-engineering approaches, but are generally considered to be less osteogenic than bone marrow MSCs. Therefore, we tested a new molecular strategy to improve their osteogenic lineage-differentiation potential using the fungal metabolite cytochalasin D (CytoD)...
December 27, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280168/resident-accuracy-of-musculoskeletal-palpation-with-ultrasound-verification
#7
Priyesh Mehta, Ethan B Rand, Christopher J Visco, James Wyss
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this observational study was to determine the accuracy of musculoskeletal palpation of the medial joint line of the knee, medial patellar tendon, and posterior tibialis tendon verified by ultrasound imaging among physical medicine and rehabilitation residents. METHODS: Eighteen physical medicine and rehabilitation resident physicians at a single specialized institution were asked to identify the medial joint line of the knee, medial patellar tendon, and posterior tibialis tendon on 2 separate standardized patient models during a single data collection...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274677/musculoskeletal-and-sports-medicine-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-curriculum-guidelines
#8
EDITORIAL
Jason L Zaremski, Matthew C Diamond, Andrea Aagesen, Ellen Casey, Brian Davis, Mark Ellen, Kenneth Mautner, Kelly McInnis, Jerome Nichols, Ashwin Rao, Brian Krabak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250856/simultaneous-bilateral-knee-mr-imaging
#9
Feliks Kogan, Evan Levine, Akshay S Chaudhari, Uchechukwuka D Monu, Kevin Epperson, Edwin H G Oei, Garry E Gold, Brian A Hargreaves
PURPOSE: To demonstrate and evaluate the scan time and quantitative accuracy of simultaneous bilateral-knee imaging compared with single-knee acquisitions. METHODS: Hardware modifications and safety testing was performed to enable MR imaging with two 16-channel flexible coil arrays. Noise covariance and sensitivity-encoding g-factor maps for the dual-coil-array configuration were computed to evaluate coil cross-talk and noise amplification. Ten healthy volunteers were imaged on a 3T MRI scanner with both dual-coil-array bilateral-knee and single-coil-array single-knee configurations...
December 17, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247890/automated-localization-and-segmentation-techniques-for-b-mode-ultrasound-images-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Kristen M Meiburger, U Rajendra Acharya, Filippo Molinari
B-mode ultrasound imaging is used extensively in medicine. Hence, there is a need to have efficient segmentation tools to aid in computer-aided diagnosis, image-guided interventions, and therapy. This paper presents a comprehensive review on automated localization and segmentation techniques for B-mode ultrasound images. The paper first describes the general characteristics of B-mode ultrasound images. Then insight on the localization and segmentation of tissues is provided, both in the case in which the organ/tissue localization provides the final segmentation and in the case in which a two-step segmentation process is needed, due to the desired boundaries being too fine to locate from within the entire ultrasound frame...
December 6, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239871/integrative-medicine-as-an-adjunct-to-orthopaedic-surgery
#11
James R Ficke, Nathan M Moroski, Steven D Ross, Ranjan Gupta
Patients often seek nontraditional forms of treatment, including alternative/complementary medical options, such as chiropractic care and acupuncture, to meet their personal needs. In the United States, interest has grown in methods to reduce pain and improve function through Ayurvedic medicine, which uses plant-based supplements, such as turmeric. Traditional allopathic medicine attempts to provide patients with evidence-based therapeutic regimens for their musculoskeletal conditions. Integrative medicine often is used to prevent and manage the sequelae associated with injuries and illnesses; however, competitive athletes and military personnel use complementary medicine for performance enhancement...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238385/experiences-providing-medical-assistance-during-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-using-traditional-korean-medicine
#12
Kyeong Han Kim, Soobin Jang, Ju Ah Lee, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Ho-Yeon Go, Sunju Park, Hee-Guen Jo, Myeong Soo Lee, Seong-Gyu Ko
Background: This study aimed to investigate medical records using traditional Korean medicine (TKM) in Sewol Ferry disaster in 2014 and further explore the possible role of traditional medicine in disaster situation. Methods: After Sewol Ferry accident, 3 on-site tents for TKM assistance by the Association of Korean Medicine (AKOM) in Jindo area were installed. The AKOM mobilized volunteer TKM doctors and assistants and dispatched each on-site tent in three shifts within 24 hours...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226274/virtual-dissection-by-ultrasound-probe-handling-in-the-first-year-of-medical-education
#13
Graziano Serrao, Massimo Tassoni, Alberto M Magenta-Biasina, Antonio Giuseppe Mantero, Antonino Previtera, Michela Crisitna Turci, Elia Mario Biganzoli, Emanuela A M Bertolini
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the educational plan of first-year students of medicine by analyzing their scores in ultrasound body scanning. Methods: Since 2009, the San Paolo Medical School (Milan, Italy) has vertically integrated the study of anatomy with ultrasound-assisted virtual body dissection. Three modules were supplied: musculoskeletal system, heart and abdomen pelvis. 653 first-year students were trained. The students alternated as mutual model and operator...
September 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225162/can-ultrasound-be-used-to-improve-the-palpation-skills-of-physicians-in-training-a-prospective-study
#14
Ryan Woods, Steve J Wisniewski, Daniel R Lueders, Thomas P Pittelkow, Dirk R Larson, Jonathan T Finnoff
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders relies heavily upon the physical examination, including accurate palpation of musculoskeletal structures. The literature has suggested there has been deterioration of physical examination skills among medical students and residents in part due to increased reliance on advanced imaging. It has been shown that knowledge of musculoskeletal anatomy and physical examination skills improve with the use of ultrasound; however, the literature is limited...
December 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224586/a-scoping-review-of-the-evidence-for-efficacy-of-acupuncture-in-companion-animals
#15
Wesley J Rose, Jan M Sargeant, W J Brad Hanna, David Kelton, Dianna M Wolfe, Lee V Wisener
Acupuncture has become increasingly popular in veterinary medicine. Within the scientific literature there is debate regarding its efficacy. Due to the complex nature of acupuncture, a scoping review was undertaken to identify and categorize the evidence related to acupuncture in companion animals (dogs, cats, and horses). Our search identified 843 relevant citations. Narrative reviews represented the largest proportion of studies (43%). We identified 179 experimental studies and 175 case reports/case series that examined the efficacy of acupuncture...
December 11, 2017: Animal Health Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217533/rigorous-qualitative-research-in-sports-exercise-and-musculoskeletal-medicine-journals-is-important-and-relevant
#16
EDITORIAL
Susan C Slade, Shilpa Patel, Martin Underwood, Jennifer L Keating
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207995/physicians-using-spinal-manipulative-treatment-in-the-netherlands-a-description-of-their-characteristics-and-their-patients
#17
Wouter Schuller, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Daphne C Rohrich, Adri T Apeldoorn, Henrica C W de Vet
BACKGROUND: Various health care professionals apply Spinal Manipulative Treatment (SMT) in daily practice. While the characteristics of chiropractors and manual therapists and the characteristics of their patient populations are well described, there is little research about physicians who use SMT techniques. A distinct group of physicians in The Netherlands has been trained in musculoskeletal (MSK) medicine, which includes the use of SMT. Our objective was to describe the characteristics of these physicians and their patient population...
December 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197309/objective-structured-clinical-examination-based-teaching-of-the-musculoskeletal-examination
#18
Trishul Siddharthan, Sarita Soares, Hilary H Wang, Stephen R Holt
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal complaints are the most common presenting illnesses in primary care settings, yet physicians often are underprepared to manage such complaints. We sought to create and evaluate an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE)-based musculoskeletal workshop designed to simultaneously educate medical students and internal medicine residents, enlisting volunteer medical students as standardized patients (SPs). METHODS: The setting for the study was the Yale Primary Care Residency Program...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180067/-sports-ultrasound-advantages-indications-and-limitations-in-upper-and-lower-limbs-musculoskeletal-disorders-review-article
#19
Naveed Baloch, Obada Hussein Hasan, Mir Muzamil Jessar, Soichi Hattori, Shin Yamada
Ultrasonography (US) is a safe and noninvasive imaging modality that is gaining popularity in different medical and surgical fields. Its introduction in musculoskeletal and sports medicine has taken this advanced subspecialty to a higher level. It has the advantage over other imaging techniques with regards to ease of use, availability, comfort and cost. Not to mention, in terms of safety profile, patients are not exposed to radiations, like in x-rays, and it can be performed on patients with metal or pacemaker implants, which are contraindicated in MRI...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177637/inappropriate-claims-from-non-equivalent-medications-in-osteoarthritis-a-position-paper-endorsed-by-the-european-society-for-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-osteoporosis-osteoarthritis-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-esceo
#20
REVIEW
Olivier Bruyère, Cyrus Cooper, Nasser M Al-Daghri, Elaine M Dennison, René Rizzoli, Jean-Yves Reginster
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive joint disease, that occurs frequently in the aging population and is a major cause of disability worldwide. Both glucosamine and chondroitin are biologically active molecules that are substrates for proteoglycan, an essential component of the cartilage matrix. Evidence supports the use of glucosamine and chondroitin as symptomatic slow-acting drugs for osteoarthritis (SYSADOAs) with impact on OA symptoms and disease-modifying effects in the long term. Glucosamine and chondroitin are administered in exogenous form as a sulfate salt and multiple formulations of these agents are available, both as prescription-grade products and nutritional supplements...
November 24, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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