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Musculoskeletal medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138192/prospective-daily-diary-study-reporting-of-any-and-all-symptoms-in-healthy-adults-in-pakistan-prevalence-and-response
#1
Mudassir Anwar, James A Green, Pauline Norris, Nadeem Irfan Bukhari
OBJECTIVES: Prevalence of symptoms in everyday life and how people respond to these symptoms is little studied outside Western culture and developed countries. We sought to use modified diary methods to explore the prevalence of and responses to symptoms in Pakistan. DESIGN: Prospective daily survey of symptoms and response. SETTING: 8 cities across four provinces in Pakistan. PARTICIPANTS: Stratified intercept in each city to recruit 153 participants of which 151 completed...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137632/descriptive-study-of-interprofessional-collaboration-between-physicians-and-osteopaths-for-the-pediatric-population-in-quebec-canada
#2
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
BACKGROUND: Osteopathy is an increasingly popular healthcare approach that uses a wide variety of therapeutic manual techniques to address pain and somatic dysfunction. In Quebec, Canada, osteopathy is the complementary medicine most often recommended by family physicians. However, factors fostering the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between physicians and osteopaths are unknown. This study aimed to describe the current situation in terms of IPC among practitioners working with pediatric patients...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137611/diagnostic-validity-and-triage-concordance-of-a-physiotherapist-compared-to-physicians-diagnoses-for-common-knee-disorders
#3
S Décary, M Fallaha, B Pelletier, P Frémont, J Martel-Pelletier, J-P Pelletier, D E Feldman, M-P Sylvestre, P-A Vendittoli, F Desmeules
BACKGROUND: Emergence of more autonomous roles for physiotherapists warrants more evidence regarding their diagnostic capabilities. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate diagnostic and surgical triage concordance between a physiotherapist and expert physicians and to assess the diagnostic validity of the physiotherapist's musculoskeletal examination (ME) without imaging. METHODS: This is a prospective diagnostic study where 179 consecutive participants consulting for any knee complaint were independently diagnosed and triaged by two evaluators: a physiotherapist and one expert physician (orthopaedic surgeons or sport medicine physicians)...
November 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127266/injuries-in-female-and-male-elite-taekwondo-athletes-a-10-year-prospective-epidemiological-study-of-1466-injuries-sustained-during-250-000-training-hours
#4
Ki Jun Park, Brian Byung Song
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the injury patterns associated with training activities in elite South Korean taekwondo athletes training for the Olympic Games. METHODS: We collected data prospectively from 2007 to 2016 at the Korea National Training Center in Seoul, South Korea. A sports injury was defined as acute or chronic musculoskeletal signs and symptoms due to taekwondo activities during training sessions. Athletes were assessed by an on-site sports medicine specialist...
November 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125180/exosomes-biology-therapeutic-potential-and-emerging-role-in-musculoskeletal-repair-and-regeneration
#5
REVIEW
Neil J Cobelli, Daniel J Leong, Hui B Sun
Exosomes are nanovesicles secreted from cells that play key roles in intercellular communication. They carry unique content derived from parental cells and are capable of transferring this cargo between cells. The role and function of exosomes largely depends on the origin and functional status of the parental cells. Emerging evidence indicates that exosomes are associated with biological processes and pathogenesis of certain diseases. These nanovesicles offer great potential as biomarkers, enabling the monitoring and diagnosis of various diseases in a noninvasive manner...
November 10, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122794/consensus-validation-of-the-posamino-potentially-serious-alcohol-medication-interactions-in-older-adults-criteria
#6
Alice E Holton, Paul J Gallagher, Cristín Ryan, Tom Fahey, Gráinne Cousins
OBJECTIVES: Older adults are particularly vulnerable to adverse effects from concurrent alcohol and medication use. However, there is limited evidence regarding the prevalence of these adverse outcomes among older adults, and there is a lack of consensus regarding what constitutes an alcohol-interactive medicine. The objective of this study was to develop an explicit list of potentially serious alcohol-medication interactions for use in older adults. DESIGN: Following a systematic review, review of drug compendia and clinical guidance documents, a two-round Delphi consensus method was conducted...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112009/communication-about-chronic-pain-and-opioids-in-primary-care-impact-on-patient-and-physician-visit-experience
#7
Stephen G Henry, Robert A Bell, Joshua J Fenton, Richard L Kravitz
Patients and physicians report that communication about chronic pain and opioids is often challenging, but there is little empirical research on whether patient-physician communication about pain affects patient and physician visit experience. This study video recorded 86 primary care visits involving 49 physicians and 86 patients taking long-term opioids for chronic musculoskeletal pain, systematically coded all pain-related utterances during these visits using a custom-designed coding system, and administered pre- and post-visit questionnaires...
November 3, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101982/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-imaging-after%C3%A2-total%C3%A2-knee-arthroplasty
#8
Mary G Hochman, Yulia V Melenevsky, Darlene F Metter, Catherine C Roberts, Jenny T Bencardino, R Carter Cassidy, Michael G Fox, Mark J Kransdorf, Douglas N Mintz, Nehal A Shah, Kirstin M Small, Stacy E Smith, Kathy M Tynus, Barbara N Weissman
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the most commonly performed joint replacement procedure in the United States and annual demand for primary TKA is expected to grow by 673% by 2030. The first part provides an overview of imaging modalities (radiographs, CT, MRI, ultrasound, and various nuclear medicine studies) and discusses their usefulness in the imaging evaluation of TKA. The second part focuses on evidence-based imaging and imaging-guided intervention algorithms for the workup of TKA and its complications, including routine follow-up, component wear, periprosthetic infection, aseptic loosening, granulomas/osteolysis, conventional and rotational instability, periprosthetic fracture, patellar complications, and a variety of periprosthetic soft tissue abnormalities...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101775/outpatient-satisfaction-with-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-in-a-hospital-center-a-survey
#9
Marco Tramontano, Alex Martino Cinnera, Marco Petracca, Angela Gaeta, Federica Tamburella, Maurice Audouard, Carlo Caltagirone
Context • Although osteopathy is not yet certified as a health profession in Italy, many people choose osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) for pain relief. Nevertheless, no study evaluating patients' degree of satisfaction after OMT and the perceived quality of the treatment has occurred in Italy. Objectives • The study intended to assess outpatients' satisfaction with OMT carried out at a hospital. Design • The research team conducted a survey from January 2015 to January 2016 using 3 questionnaires...
October 28, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101774/dextrose-prolotherapy-for-chronic-shoulder-pain-a-case-report
#10
Casey Seenauth, Vance Inouye, Jeffrey O Langland
Context • Shoulder pain is one of the most common pain complaints reported by patients. Consensus is lacking on its ideal treatment, and many different treatments are available and used. Prolotherapy is an injection-based therapy that has shown significant results in treating many common musculoskeletal pain conditions, including osteoarthritis, lateral epicondylosis, and low-back pain. Objective • The study intended to evaluate the use of dextrose prolotherapy in the treatment of shoulder pain. Design • The research team performed a case study...
November 4, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099162/musculoskeletal-ultrasound-threatening-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-a-prime-caution-regarding-foxes
#11
Levent Özçakar, Timur Ekiz, Gülümser Aydin, Kamal Mezian, Murat Kara, Eda Gürçay, Franco Franchignoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081816/integrative-medicine-for-postoperative-patients-a-survey-of-korean-medicine-doctors
#12
Sun-Young Moon, Kyung-Min Shin, Jae-Young Shin, O-Jin Kwon, Jun-Hwan Lee
The purpose of this survey was to document the experience of Korean Medicine doctors (KMD) who provided postoperative care to patients through integrative medicine and to understand their opinions about integrative medicine utilization. Three researchers (two with a KMD license) of the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine conducted the survey. The questionnaire was distributed via e-mail to the 17,041 members of the Association of Korean Medicine in 2015. In total, 487 KMD answered the questionnaires. The majority of respondents worked in a Korean Medicine (KM) clinic, KM hospital, or long-term care hospitals (94...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080279/concise-review-biomimetic-functionalization-of-biomaterials-to-stimulate-the-endogenous-healing-process-of-cartilage-and-bone-tissue
#13
REVIEW
Francesca Taraballi, Guillermo Bauza, Patrick McCulloch, Josh Harris, Ennio Tasciotti
Musculoskeletal reconstruction is an ongoing challenge for surgeons as it is required for one out of five patients undergoing surgery. In the past three decades, through the close collaboration between clinicians and basic scientists, several regenerative strategies have been proposed. These have emerged from interdisciplinary approaches that bridge tissue engineering with material science, physiology, and cell biology. The paradigm behind tissue engineering is to achieve regeneration and functional recovery using stem cells, bioactive molecules, or supporting materials...
October 28, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076267/concise-review-multifaceted-characterization-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-use-in-regenerative-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Rebekah M Samsonraj, Michael Raghunath, Victor Nurcombe, James H Hui, Andre J van Wijnen, Simon M Cool
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) hold great potential for regenerative medicine because of their ability for self-renewal and differentiation into tissue-specific cells such as osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and adipocytes. MSCs orchestrate tissue development, maintenance and repair, and are useful for musculoskeletal regenerative therapies to treat age-related orthopedic degenerative diseases and other clinical conditions. Importantly, MSCs produce secretory factors that play critical roles in tissue repair that support both engraftment and trophic functions (autocrine and paracrine)...
October 26, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075195/falls-and-fall-prevention-in-older-persons-geriatrics-meets-spaceflight
#15
REVIEW
Nandu Goswami
This paper provides a general overview of key physiological consequences of microgravity experienced during spaceflight and of important parallels and connections to the physiology of aging. Microgravity during spaceflight influences cardiovascular function, cerebral autoregulation, musculoskeletal, and sensorimotor system performance. A great deal of research has been carried out to understand these influences and to provide countermeasures to reduce the observed negative consequences of microgravity on physiological function...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067137/acupuncture-and-cutaneous-medicine-is-it-effective
#16
Mary van den Berg-Wolf, Thomas Burgoon
Background: In China, acupuncture has been used as a form of medical therapy for more than 2500 years. It is a part of traditional medical practice and is used to treat the entire spectrum of human and veterinary disease. Although dermatologic disease has received much less attention in worldwide acupuncture research than pain and musculoskeletal conditions, there is a growing body of evidence suggesting acupuncture's usefulness in this area. Objective: The aim of this article was to review the evidence in the literature regarding the usefulness of acupuncture in managing dermatologic illness...
October 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059538/effects-of-the-chinese-medicine-yi-shen-jian-gu-granules-on-aromatase-inhibitor-associated-musculoskeletal-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Nan Peng, Mingwei Yu, Guowang Yang, Qi Fu, Yongmei Xu, Jie Yu, Qiang Liu, Chen Li, Weiru Xu, Yi Zhang, Cong Ma, Lin Yang, Rencun Yu, Xiaomin Wang
Aromatase inhibitor-associated musculoskeletal symptoms (AIMSS) are prevalent among patients on AI therapy, which leads to a lower quality of life and poor adherence to AI treatment. We evaluated whether Yi Shen Jian Gu granules (YSJG) is effective and safe to relieve AIMSS in patients with breast cancer. Eligible participants were randomly assigned to the YSJG group or the placebo group. Both groups had a 12-week treatment period and a 12-week follow-up period. Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) Index, and the Modified Score for the Assessment and Quantification of Chronic Rheumatoid Affections of the Hands (M-SACRAH) were obtained at baseline and at 4, 8, 12 and 24 weeks...
October 20, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058255/platelet-rich-plasma-combinational-treatment-modalities-for-musculoskeletal-conditions
#18
REVIEW
Isabel Andia, Michele Abate
Current research on common musculoskeletal problems, including osteoarticular conditions, tendinopathies, and muscle injuries, focuses on regenerative translational medicine. Platelet-rich plasma therapies have emerged as a potential approach to enhance tissue repair and regeneration. Platelet-rich plasma application aims to provide supraphysiological concentrations of platelets and optionally leukocytes at injured/pathological tissues mimicking the initial stages of healing. However, the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma is controversial in chronic diseases because patients' outcomes show partial improvements...
October 18, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054263/nmsbuilder-freeware-to-create-subject-specific-musculoskeletal-models-for-opensim
#19
Giordano Valente, Gianluigi Crimi, Nicola Vanella, Enrico Schileo, Fulvia Taddei
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Musculoskeletal modeling and simulations of movement have been increasingly used in orthopedic and neurological scenarios, with increased attention to subject-specific applications. In general, musculoskeletal modeling applications have been facilitated by the development of dedicated software tools; however, subject-specific studies have been limited also by time-consuming modeling workflows and high skilled expertise required. In addition, no reference tools exist to standardize the process of musculoskeletal model creation and make it more efficient...
December 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052757/variation-in-occupational-exposure-associated-with-musculoskeletal-complaints-a-cross-sectional-study-among-professional-bassists
#20
Kees H Woldendorp, Anne M Boonstra, J Hans Arendzen, Michiel F Reneman
BACKGROUND: Variation in occupational exposure is assumed to have a protective effect against the development of musculoskeletal complaints (MSC), but this common assumption is not strongly supported by the literature. Among musicians, who have a high prevalence of MSC, many play more than one type of instrument (multi-instrumentalism) for many hours a day. Since multi-instrumentalism implies greater variation in ergonomic load of specific musculoskeletal areas than mono-instrumentalism, musicians are a suitable study population to test whether the above assumption is true...
October 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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