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Xiaohui Wang, Zhongxiu Zhang, Xianjuan Dong, Yingying Feng, Xiao Liu, Bowen Gao, Jinling Wang, Le Zhang, Juan Wang, Shepo Shi, Pengfei Tu
Type III polyketide synthases (PKSs) play an important role in biosynthesis of various plant secondary metabolites and plant adaptation to environmental stresses. Aquilaria sinensis is the main plant species for production of agarwood, little is known about the PKS family. In this study, AsCHS1 and two new type III PKSs, AsPKS1 and AsPKS2, were isolated and characterized in Aquilaria sinensis calli. The comparative sequence and phylogenetic analysis indicated that AsPKS1 and AsPKS2 belong to non-CHS group different from AsCHS1...
March 30, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Arlene López-Sampson, Lucas A Cernusak, Tony Page
Physiological traits are frequently used as indicators of tree productivity. Aquilaria species growing in a research planting were studied to investigate relationships between leaf-productivity traits and tree growth. Twenty-eight trees were selected to measure isotopic composition of carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) and monitor six leaf attributes. Trees were sampled randomly within each of four diametric classes (at 150 mm above ground level) ensuring the variability in growth of the whole population was represented...
February 15, 2017: Tree Physiology
Yang Yang, Wen-Li Mei, Fan-Dong Kong, Hui-Qin Chen, Wei Li, Zhi-Bao Chen, Hao-Fu Dai
Four new bi-2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone derivatives, crassins A-D (1-4), were isolated from the EtOAc extract of agarwood originating from Aquilaria crassna. The structures including the absolute configurations of compounds were unambiguously elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods (1D and 2D NMR, UV, ECD, IR, MS), and by comparison with the literature. The isolated compounds were tested for their acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities, as well as cytotoxic activities. All the compounds showed weak inhibitory activity against AChE, while compounds 3 and 4 also displayed weak cytotoxicity against human myeloid leukemia cell line (K562)...
March 11, 2017: Fitoterapia
Supriyo Sen, Madhusmita Dehingia, Narayan Chandra Talukdar, Mojibur Khan
Fragrant agarwood, arguably the costliest wood in the world, is formed by plant-fungal interactions in Aquilaria spp. However, very little is known about this fragrant outcome of interaction. Therefore, mimicking the ancient traditions of agarwood production in Assam (Northeast India), a chemometric assessment of the agarwood-fungus interaction was made by chemical profiling (GC-MS) coupled with statistical analysis (principal component, correlation network analysis) across three platforms, viz. callus, juvenile plants and resinous wood-chips with an associated Fusarium...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xuyu Chen, Chun Sui, Yangyang Liu, Yun Yang, Peiwei Liu, Zheng Zhang, Jianhe Wei
Agarwood is broadly used in incense and medicine. Traditionally, agarwood formation is induced by wounding the trunks and branches of some species of Aquilaria spp., including A. sinensis. As recently evidenced, some fungi or their fermentation liquid may have the potential of inducing agarwood formation. The present study aimed to analyze the fungi isolated from an agarwood-producing A. sinensis tree and subsequently identify the fungi capable of promoting agarwood formation. We identified a total of 110 fungi isolates based on their morphological characteristics and rDNA ITS sequences...
April 2017: Current Microbiology
Sakon Monggoot, Siam Popluechai, Eleni Gentekaki, Patcharee Pripdeevech
Fungal endophytes are microorganisms that are well-known for producing a diverse array of secondary metabolites. Recent studies have uncovered the bioprospecting potential of several plant endophytic fungi. Here, we demonstrate the presence of highly bioactive fungal endophytic species in Aquilaria subintegra, a fragrant wood plant collected from Thailand. Thirty-three fungal endophytic strains were isolated and further identified to genus level based on morphological characteristics. These genera included Colletotrichum, Pestalotiopsis, Fusarium, Russula, Arthrinium, Diaporthe and Cladosporium...
January 5, 2017: Microbial Ecology
Janey Alam, Md Mujahid, Badruddeen, Yasmeen Jahan, Paramdeep Bagga, Md Azizur Rahman
Many traditional systems of medicines employ herbal drugs for the hepatoprotection. Aim of the study was designed to evaluate the hepatoprotective potential of 'ethanolic extract of Aquilaria agallocha ( Chen Xiang) leaves' (AAE) against paracetamol (PCM) induced hepatotoxicity in SD rats. Group I animals were treated with 1% CMC for 8 days. Group II, III, IV and V animals were first treated with '1% CMC' 1 ml/kg/day, AAE 200 mg/kg/day, AAE 400 mg/kg/day and silymarin 100 mg/kg/day respectively for 7 days and then, orally administered with PCM 3 g/kg b...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Hang Shao, Fan-Dong Kong, Hao Wang, Wen-Li Mei, Hao-Fu Dai
Qinanmer (1), a new compound comprising 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone and sesquiterpene moieties, together with two known 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone derivatives (2-3), was isolated from the high-quality Chinese agarwood "Qi-Nan" originating from Aquilaria sinensis (Lour.) Glig. The structure of 1 was elucidated by spectroscopic techniques (UV, IR, 1D and 2D NMR), MS analyses, ECD spectra analyses, and quantum (13)C NMR calculations.
January 2, 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Jung Eun Choi, Dae-Myung Park, Eunho Chun, Jeong June Choi, Ji Hye Seo, Seunghyung Kim, Jaemin Son, Moonho Do, Sun Yeou Kim, Yang-Chun Park, In Chul Jung, Mirim Jin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: So-ochim-tang-gamibang (SOCG) is a Korean herbal medicine formula that has been applied to treat depressive moods and depression associated somatoform pain. This decoction consists of Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperi Rhizoma), Lindera aggregata (Sims) Kosterm. (Linderae Radix), Aquilaria agallochum (Lour.) Roxb. ex Finl. (Aquilariae Resinatum Lignum), Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. (Glycyrrhizae Radix) Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. (Platycodi Radix), and Citrus aurantium L...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Shih-Yao Lin, Asif Hameed, You-Cheng Liu, Yi-Han Hsu, Wei-An Lai, Yu-Ting Hsieh, Chiu-Chung Young
A polyphasic taxonomic approach was used to characterize a presumably novel bacterium, designated strain CC-YTH161T, isolated from an agarwood sample. Strain CC-YTH161T was Gram-staining-positive aerobic rod, which grew at 20-40 ºС, pH 5.0-9.0 and 0-5 % (w/v) salinity. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain CC-YTH161T appeared to belong to the genus Humibacter, and was closely related to Humibacter antri D7-27T (96.6 %) and Humibacter ginsengiterrae DCY60T (96.2 %). The DNA G+C content was 67...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
C T Ma, B Wu, S W Kwon, J H Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
Lei Qu, Jian-Bo Chen, Gui-Jun Zhang, Su-Qin Sun, Jing Zheng
As a kind of expensive perfume and valuable herb, Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum (ALR) is often adulterated for economic motivations. In this research, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy is employed to establish a simple and quick method for the adulteration screening of ALR. First, the principal chemical constituents of ALR are characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy at room temperature and two-dimensional correlation infrared (2D-IR) spectroscopy with thermal perturbation. Besides the common cellulose and lignin compounds, a certain amount of resin is the characteristic constituent of ALR...
March 5, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Yang-Yang Liu, De-Li Chen, Jian-He Wei, Jian Feng, Zheng Zhang, Yun Yang, Wei Zheng
Four new 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone derivatives (1-4) were isolated from the EtOH extract of Chinese agarwood produced via the whole-tree agarwood-inducing technique, coming from Aquilaria sinensis (Lour.) Spreng. (Thymelaeaceae). Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods, such as UV, IR, MS, 1D as well as 2D NMR. All of the isolates were then assessed for their anti-inflammatory activities on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7. Compound 1 exhibited significant inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 4...
October 27, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Suchada Manoka, Bunleu Sungthong, Hitoshi Sato, Erika Sugiyama, Vilasinee Hirunpanich Sato
Antidiabetic effect of the water extract of Aquilaria crassna (A. crassna) leaves was recently claimed by some diabetic patients in Thailand, whereas its experimental evidence has not been published yet. The present study was therefore conducted to investigate pharmacological activities of the water extract of A. crassna leaves, focusing on its antioxidative and hypoglycemic effects in vitro and in vivo using streptozotocin (STZ)-nicotinamide (NA)-induced type 2 diabetic (DM) mice. An antioxidant activity of the herb extract was confirmed using a 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl hydrate (DPPH) radical scavenging assay, and its IC50 on DPPH inhibition was determined to be 34...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Hong-Ni Wang, Wen-Hua Dong, Sheng-Zhuo Huang, Wei Li, Fan-Dong Kong, Hao Wang, Jun Wang, Wen-Li Mei, Hao-Fu Dai
Three new sesquiterpenoids (1-3), together with two known ones were isolated from the EtOAc extract of agarwood originating from Aquilaria crassna. The new compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic techniques (UV, IR, MS, 1D and 2D NMR). Compounds 1-5 were isolated from agarwood of A. crassna for the first time. In the acetylcholinesterase inhibition experiment of 2-5, compound 3 showed acetylcholinesterase inhibition activity (IR 42.9±0.6%). Compound 5 expressed antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus and Ralstonia solanacearum with diameter of the inhibition zones of 12...
October 2016: Fitoterapia
Saad Sabbar Dahham, Loiy E Ahmed Hassan, Mohamed B Khadeer Ahamed, Aman Shah Abdul Majid, Amin Malik Shah Abdul Majid, Nik Noriman Zulkepli
BACKGROUND: Aquilaria crassna has been used in traditional Asian medicine to treat vomiting, rheumatism, asthma, and cough. Furthermore, earlier studies from our laboratory have revealed that the essential oil extract from agarwood inhibited colorectal carcinoma cells. Despite of the wide range of ethno-pharmacological uses of agarwood, its toxicity has not been previously evaluated through systematic toxicological studies. Therefore, the potential safety of essential oil extract and its in vivo anti-tumor activity had been investigated...
July 22, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Jinling Yang, Wenhua Dong, Fandong Kong, Ge Liao, Jun Wang, Wei Li, Wenli Mei, Haofu Dai
A total of fifty-six chromones, including seven 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2-(2-phenylethyl)-chromones (THPECs), five 5,6-epoxy-2-(2-phenylethyl)chromones (EPECs), seven 5,6:7,8-diepoxy-2-(2-phenylethyl)chromones (DEPECs) and thirty-seven 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromones of the flidersia type (FTPECs), were characterized by HPLC/DAD/ESI/MS/MS in three agarwood samples (from Aquilaria crassna) induced by artificial holing with different holing times. The characteristic fragmentation behavior of DEPECs and EPECs, and the methods to distinguish these four types of chromones by MS analysis were described for the first time...
July 13, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Airi Suzuki, Katsunori Miyake, Yohei Saito, Faradiba Abdul Rasyid, Harukuni Tokuda, Misa Takeuchi, Nobutaka Suzuki, Eiichiro Ichiishi, Tetsuo Fujie, Masuo Goto, Yohei Sasaki, Kyoko Nakagawa-Goto
A new chromone, 2-(2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl)chromone (1), was isolated together with ten known phenylethyl chromones from MeOH extracts of agarwood (Aquilaria filaria). The selected compounds were evaluated in an antiproliferative assay against five human tumor cell lines, including a multidrug-resistant cell line. They were also tested for antitumor promoting activity, as mediated by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced activation of the Epstein-Barr virus early antigen in Raji cells. Among all compounds, 4',7-dimethyoxy-6-hydroxychromone (2) displayed broad spectrum antiproliferative activity against all tumor cell lines tested with IC50 values of 25-38 µM, while 8 was selectively inhibitory against multidrug-resistant cells...
February 2017: Planta Medica
Hang Shao, Wen-Li Mei, Fan-Dong Kong, Wen-Hua Dong, Wei Li, Guo-Peng Zhu, Hao-Fu Dai
A new 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone glycoside, 2-[2-(4-glucosyloxy-3-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]chromone (1), was isolated from the high-quality Chinese agarwood "Qi-Nan" originating from Aquilaria sinensis (Lour.) Glig. The structure including the absolute configuration of the sugar moiety was elucidated by spectroscopic techniques (UV, IR, 1D and 2D NMR), MS analysis, PMP-labeling HPLC analysis methods, as well as comparison with literature data. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first time that chromone glycoside was discovered in agarwood, or even in the whole Aquilaria plants...
January 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Yumi Zuhanis Has-Yun Hashim, Philip G Kerr, Phirdaous Abbas, Hamzah Mohd Salleh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aquilaria spp. (agarwood) has been a part of Ayurvedic and Traditional Chinese Medicine for centuries. Agarwood has also been used as a traditional medicine in Southeast Asian countries, Bangladesh and Tibet. Its common uses include the treatment of joint pain, inflammatory-related ailments, and diarrhoea, as well as a stimulant, sedative and cardioprotective agent. In this paper, we aim to provide an overview of the phytochemistry, ethnomedicinal use, pharmacological activities and safety of plant materials from Aquilaria spp...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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