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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918349/soft-palate-ulcer-an-unusual-presentation-of-a-posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder
#1
Maryam Bahmanyar, Nader Shakibazad, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh, Seyed Mohsen Dehghani
Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a serious complication of solid organ transplantation. It has several clinical manifestations, including infectious mononucleosis-like syndrome, lymphadenopathy, and other organ involvement. Soft palate ulcer is a rare manifestation of PTLD. The aim of this study is to present a 17-year-old girl with liver transplantation due to metastatic liver disease. After transplantation, she presented with a painful whitish ulcerative lesion accompanied by central necrosis in the right soft palate area measuring about 3 cm×3...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915968/peripheral-t-cell-lymphoma-a-posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-presenting-as-a-jejunal-mass-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient
#2
Aanchal Kakkar, Immanuel Pradeep, Geetika Singh, Amit Dinda, Sanjay K Agarwal
Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders are a spectrum of lymphoproliferative disorders seen in recipients of solid-organ, bone marrow, and stem cell allografts. They include polyclonal early lesions mimicking infectious mononucleosis and monoclonal proliferations of B and T cells, indistinguishable from lymphomas occurring in immunocompetent individuals. Although most posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders are B-cell neoplasms, T-cell posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders are very rare. Among solid-organ transplants, renal allografts have low risk for development of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders...
December 2, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912922/agranulocytosis-occurrence-following-recent-acute-infectious-mononucleosis
#3
Anthony F Massoll, Stanlyn C Powers, David P Betten
Infectious mononucleosis secondary to Epstein-Barr virus typically follows a relatively benign and self-limited course. A small subset of individuals may develop further progression of disease including hematologic, neurologic, and cardiac abnormalities. A mild transient neutropenia occurring during the first weeks of acute infection is a common finding however in rare cases a more profound neutropenia and agranulocytosis may occur up to 6weeks following the onset of initial symptoms. We describe the case of an 18-year-old woman who presented 26days following an acute infectious mononucleosis diagnosis with agranulocytosis and fever...
November 19, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873265/epstein-barr-virus-clinical-diagnostics
#4
Hans-Helmut Niller, Georg Bauer
The vast majority of the human adult population is infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and the majority of the EBV-infected individuals tolerates the infection well, without any further symptoms after primary infection. In cases of individuals which undergo primary infection in the form of an infectious mononucleosis, or which have undergone primary infection in their past, it is sometimes important to appraise symptomatic disease or differentiate infectious mononucleosis from other conditions. In these cases, serological methods, i...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847520/a-complicated-course-of-acute-viral-induced-pharyngitis-icteric-hepatitis-acalculous-cholecystitis-and-skin-rash
#5
Fereshte Sheybani, HamidReza Naderi, Seddigheh Sadat Erfani, Masoumeh Gharib
This case reveals the complexities and challenges in the diagnosis of acute Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, indicating the potential relationship between EBV infection and severe icteric hepatitis, acalculous cholecystitis, and lymphocytic vasculitis. We suggest including EBV infectious mononucleosis in the list of differential diagnoses when any of these clinical syndromes (or a combination thereof) occurs without apparent cause, especially in the presence of lymphocytosis. To our knowledge, this is the first report to suggest the possible role of EBV in the pathogenesis of cutaneous lymphocytic vasculitis...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845474/risk-of-infectious-mononucleosis-among-agonistic-swimmers-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
M S Gallone, L Astuto, G Mastrorilli, R Tamma, L Ascatigno, D Sinesi, A Notarnicola, S Tafuri
BACKGROUND: The risk of infectious mononucleosis among athletes is quite debated. Some personal observations seem to suggest an increase risk of mononucleosis among athletes, because they attend always close settings with an high probability of respiratory pathogens transmission; overtraining has been also proposed as risk factor. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in a group of swimmers (aged 11-14 years) of the University Sport Centre of Bari. METHODS: 40 swimmers were interviewed by healthcare personnel at the end of training courses; demographic characteristics, personal habits, information about sport training and diagnosis of mononucleosis were analysed...
November 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833448/a-possible-link-between-the-epstein-barr-virus-infection-and-autoimmune-thyroid-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Anna Dittfeld, Katarzyna Gwizdek, Marek Michalski, Romuald Wojnicz
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), also known as human herpesvirus 4, is a member of the Herpesviridae virus family. EBV infection can cause infectious mononucleosis (IM) in the lytic phase of EBV's life cycle. Past EBV infection is associated with lymphomas, and may also result in certain allergic and autoimmune diseases. Although potential mechanisms of autoimmune diseases have not been clearly elucidated, both genetic and environmental factors, such as infectious agents, are considered to be responsible for their development...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751509/-infectious-mononucleosis-with-unusual-clinical-manifestations
#8
Ilduara Pintos Pascual
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733645/high-ebv-load-and-genomic-diversity-are-associated-with-generation-of-gp350-specific-neutralizing-antibodies-following-acute-infectious-mononucleosis
#9
Eric R Weiss, Galit Alter, Javier Gordon Ogembo, Jennifer L Henderson, Barbara Tabak, Yasin Bakiş, Mohan Somasundaran, Manuel Garber, Liisa Selin, Katherine Luzuriaga
: The Epstein Barr virus (EBV) gp350 glycoprotein interacts with the cellular receptor to mediate viral entry and is thought to be the major target for neutralizing antibodies. To better understand the role of EBV-specific antibodies in the control of viral replication and evolution of sequence diversity, we measured EBV gp350-specific antibody responses and sequenced the gp350 gene in samples obtained from individuals experiencing primary EBV infection (acute infectious mononucleosis; AIM) and again 6 months later (convalescence, CONV)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712834/diagnostic-dilemma-epstein-barr-virus-ebv-infectious-mononucleosis-with-lung-involvement-or-co-infection-with-legionnaire-s-disease
#10
Burke A Cunha, John Gian
BACKGROUND: Hospitalized adults with fever and "pneumonia" can be a difficult diagnostic challenge particularly when the clinical findings may be due to different infectious diseases. METHODS: We recently had an elderly female who presented with fever, fatigue and dry cough with elevated serum transaminases and lung infiltrates. The diagnosis of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infectious mononucleosis (IM) was made based on a positive Monospot test, elevated EBV VCA IgM titer, and highly elevated EBV viral load...
October 3, 2016: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682848/dr3-regulation-of-apoptosis-of-naive-t-lymphocytes-in-children-with-acute-infectious-mononucleosis
#11
Elena Nikolaevna Filatova, Elena Viktorovna Anisenkova, Nataliya Borisovna Presnyakova, Oleg Vladimirovich Utkin
Acute infectious mononucleosis (AIM) is a widespread viral disease that mostly affects children. Development of AIM is accompanied by a change in the ratio of immune cells. This is provided by means of different biological processes including the regulation of apoptosis of naive T-cells. One of the potential regulators of apoptosis of T-lymphocytes is a death receptor 3 (DR3). We have studied the role of DR3 in the regulation of apoptosis of naive CD4(+) (nTh) and CD8(+) (nCTL) T-cells in healthy children and children with AIM...
September 2016: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673130/poster-378-transverse-myelitis-secondary-to-infectious-mononucleosis-a-case-report
#12
Mezgebe D Abegaz, Padma K Srigiriraju
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663872/negative-interaction-between-smoking-and-ebv-in-the-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis-the-envims-study
#13
Kjetil Bjørnevik, Trond Riise, Inger Bostrom, Llaria Casetta, Marianna Cortese, Enrico Granieri, Trygve Holmøy, Margitta T Kampman, Anne-Marie Landtblom, Sandra Magalhaes, Maura Pugliatti, Christina Wolfson, Kjell-Morten Myhr
BACKGROUND: Results from previous studies on a possible interaction between smoking and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) are conflicting. OBJECTIVES: To examine the interaction between smoking and infectious mononucleosis (IM) in the risk of MS. METHODS: Within the case-control study on Environmental Factors In Multiple Sclerosis (EnvIMS), 1904 MS patients and 3694 population-based frequency-matched healthy controls from Norway, Italy, and Sweden reported on prior exposure to smoking and history of IM...
September 23, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621731/nk-cell-influence-on-the-outcome-of-primary-epstein-barr-virus-infection
#14
REVIEW
Obinna Chijioke, Vanessa Landtwing, Christian Münz
The herpesvirus Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was discovered as the first human candidate tumor virus in Burkitt's lymphoma more than 50 years ago. Despite its strong growth transforming capacity, more than 90% of the human adult population carries this virus asymptomatically under near perfect immune control. The mode of primary EBV infection is in part responsible for EBV-associated diseases, including Hodgkin's lymphoma. It is, therefore, important to understand which circumstances lead to symptomatic primary EBV infection, called infectious mononucleosis (IM)...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620494/a-review-of-antibiotic-induced-rash-in-patients-with-infectious-mononucleosis
#15
Dennis F Thompson, Carroll L Ramos
OBJECTIVE: To provide an extensive review of case reports, epidemiological data, and the underlying mechanism of antibiotic-induced skin rash in patients with concurrent infectious mononucleosis (IM). DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE literature search inclusive of the dates 1946 to June 2016 was performed using the search terms anti-bacterial agents and infectious mononucleosis EMBASE (1980 to June 2016) was searched using the terms mononucleosis and antibiotic agent and drug eruption References of all relevant articles were reviewed for additional citations and information...
September 12, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591678/epstein-barr-virus-a-tumor-virus-that-needs-cytotoxic-lymphocytes-to-persist-asymptomatically
#16
Christian Münz
Epstein Barr virus (EBV) is a human γ-herpesvirus that was discovered in Burkitt's lymphoma more than 50 years ago. Since then it has been proposed as the causative agent of up to 2% of all tumors worldwide, mainly lymphomas and epithelial cell carcinomas. Surprisingly, persistent EBV infection is at the same time found in more than 90% of healthy human adults. Even the very same programs of EBV infection that are found in the associated malignancies are continuously present in healthy EBV carriers. We will discuss primary immunodeficiencies and immune compartment changes during the first decade of human life that give us insights into how tumorigenesis by persistent EBV infection and Hodgkin's lymphoma predisposing infectious mononucleosis is prevented during primary infection...
August 31, 2016: Current Opinion in Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590471/comorbidities-treated-in-primary-care-in-children-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-a-nationwide-registry-linkage-study-from-norway
#17
Inger J Bakken, Kari Tveito, Kari M Aaberg, Sara Ghaderi, Nina Gunnes, Lill Trogstad, Per Magnus, Camilla Stoltenberg, Siri E Håberg
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is a complex condition. Causal factors are not established, although underlying psychological or immunological susceptibility has been proposed. We studied primary care diagnoses for children with CFS/ME, with children with another hospital diagnosis (type 1 diabetes mellitus [T1DM]) and the general child population as comparison groups. METHODS: All Norwegian children born 1992-2012 constituted the study sample...
2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588199/prospective-studies-of-infectious-mononucleosis-in-university-students
#18
Jennifer M Grimm, David O Schmeling, Samantha K Dunmire, Jennifer A Knight, Beth D Mullan, Julie A Ed, Richard C Brundage, Kristin A Hogquist, Henry H Balfour
We performed an intensive prospective study designed to obtain as much data as possible on the incubation and early illness periods of primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Undergraduate students who lacked EBV antibody and oral EBV DNA (EBV-naive) were seen every 2 weeks during their freshman year. Clinical and behavioral data, oral washes and venous blood were obtained. EBV antibodies were quantified by enzyme immunoassay and viral loads by PCR. During a median 8 months of observation, 14/85 subjects experienced primary EBV infections (24 cases/100 person-years)...
August 2016: Clinical & Translational Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583306/incidence-of-infectious-mononucleosis-in-universities-and-u-s-military-settings
#19
Yolonda J Williams-Harmon, Leonard A Jason, Ben Z Katz
OBJECTIVE: The reported incidence rates for Infectious Mononucleosis (IM) within universities and military settings vary widely from study to study. Several factors may have contributed to the discrepancy in these incidence rates include misdiagnosis, ambiguity in the reported sample populations, and number of students who visited and were diagnosed at their campus's health service centers. The current review examines previously reported literature on the incidence rate in universities and military settings of infectious mononucleosis taking into account these possible confounding factors...
June 2016: Journal of Diagnostic Techniques and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583207/cytomegalic-hepatitis-in-a-patient-receiving-omalizumab
#20
R Gonçalves, C Valente, E Ferreira, J E Serra, J Saraiva da Cunha
Cytomegalovirus is a double stranded DNA virus that can be present in nearly all organs and body fluids. The primary infection is usually asymptomatic in the immunocompetent host and it is common among adolescents and young adults. The symptomatic form appears, in the majority of cases, as a mononucleosis syndrome with full recovery without specific treatment. We report a case of a 25 years old woman who presented with hepatitis due to CMV infection and history of omalizumab administration one month earlier...
2016: IDCases
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