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mesenchymal stroma cell

Camila Ramalho Bonturi, Helena Motaln, Mariana Cristina Cabral Silva, Bruno Ramos Salu, Marlon Vilela de Brito, Luciana de Andrade Luz Cost, Heron Fernandes Vieira Torquato, Natalia Neto Dos Santos Nunes, Edgar Julian Paredes-Gamero, Tamara Lah Turnšek, Maria Luiza Vilela Oliva
Glioblastoma is the most aggressive brain tumor with poor overall survival bellow 2 years. The natural compounds with anti-cancer properties, are thus gaining attention for possible adjuvant GBM treatment. In various cancer models Enterolobium contortisiliquum Trypsin Inhibitor (EcTI) proved to have anti-cancer effects. Here, we investigated the EcTI effects on GBM U87 cells and on mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) compared to their direct coculture (MSC/U87). MSC are present in tumor stroma, modulating GBM cells phenotype, and also represent potential drug delivery vehicle due to their tumor tropism...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
Norhayati Yusop, Paul Battersby, Amr Alraies, Alastair J Sloan, Ryan Moseley, Rachel J Waddington
Within bone, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) exist within the bone marrow stroma (BM-MSC) and the endosteal niche, as cells lining compact bone (CB-MSCs). This study isolated and characterised heterogeneous MSC populations from each niche and subsequently investigated the effects of extensive cell expansion, analysing population doublings (PDs)/cellular senescence, colony-forming efficiencies (CFEs), MSC cell marker expression, and osteogenic/adipogenic differentiation. CB-MSCs and BM-MSCs demonstrated similar morphologies and PDs, reaching 100 PDs...
2018: Stem Cells International
Franck Verrecchia, Françoise Rédini
Osteosarcomas are the most frequent form of primary bone tumors and mainly affect children, adolescents, and young adults. Despite encouraging progress in therapeutic management, including the advent of multidrug chemotherapy, the survival rates have remained unchanged for more than four decades: 75% at 5 years for localized disease, but two groups of patients are still at high risk: metastatic at diagnosis (overall survival around 40% at 5 years) and/or poor responders to chemotherapy (20% at 5 years)...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
Kari Trumpi, Nicola Frenkel, Timo Peters, Nicoline M Korthagen, Jennifer M J Jongen, Daniëlle Raats, Helma van Grevenstein, Yara Backes, Leon M Moons, Miangela M Lacle, Jan Koster, Danny Zwijnenburg, Inne H M Borel Rinkes, Onno Kranenburg
Primary human colorectal tumors with a high stromal content have an increased capacity to metastasize. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) promote metastasis, but the contribution of other stromal cell types is unclear. Here we searched for additional stromal cell types that contribute to aggressive tumor cell behavior. By making use of the 'immunome compendium'-a collection of gene signatures reflecting the presence of specific immune cell-types-we show that macrophage signatures are most strongly associated with a high CAF content and with poor prognosis in multiple large cohorts of primary tumors and liver metastases...
April 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Victoria R Barnhouse, Jessica L Weist, Vasudha C Shukla, Samir N Ghadiali, Douglas A Kniss, Jennifer L Leight
Epithelial cancer cells can undergo an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a complex genetic program that enables cells to break free from the primary tumor, breach the basement membrane, invade through the stroma and metastasize to distant organs. Myoferlin (MYOF), a protein involved in plasma membrane function and repair, is overexpressed in several invasive cancer cell lines. Depletion of myoferlin in the human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 (MDA-231MYOFKD ) reduced migration and invasion and caused the cells to revert to an epithelial phenotype...
April 10, 2018: Oncotarget
Markku I Tammi, Sanna Oikari, Sanna Pasonen-Seppänen, Kirsi Rilla, Päivi Auvinen, Raija H Tammi
Hyaluronan accumulates in the stroma of several solid tumors and promotes their progression. Both enhanced synthesis and fragmentation of hyaluronan are required as a part of this inflammatory process resembling wound healing. Increased expression of the genes of hyaluronan synthases (HAS1-3) are infrequent in human tumors, while posttranslational modifications that activate the HAS enzymes, and glucose shunted to the UDP-sugar substrates HASs, can have crucial contributions to tumor hyaluronan synthesis. The pericellular hyaluronan influences virtually all cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, controlling migration, proliferation, apoptosis, epithelial to mesenchymal transition, and stem cell functions...
April 27, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Liliana I Sous Naasani, Cristiano Rodrigues, Jéssica Gonçalves Azevedo, Aline F Damo Souza, Silvio Buchner, Márcia R Wink
Blinding corneal scarring is usually treated with allogeneic graft tissue. Nevertheless, the global shortage of donors leaves millions of patients in need of therapy. Traditional tissue engineering strategies involves the combination of cells, growth factors, and scaffolds that can supply cellular biological components allowing to restore the tissue function. The mesenchymal stem cells found in the limbal stroma (L-MSCs) have a self-renewal potential for multilineage differentiation. Thus, in this work we compared the potential of human amniotic membrane (hAM) and porcine small intestine submucosa (SIS) as scaffolds for L-MSCs, aiming at potential applications in corneal regeneration...
April 29, 2018: Stem Cell Reviews
Bothina Al-Harbi, Siti-Fauziah Hendrayani, Gabriela Silva, Abdelilah Aboussekhra
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are major players in the development and spread of breast carcinomas through non-cell-autonomous signaling. These paracrine effects are under the control of several genes and microRNAs. We present here clear evidence that let-7b, a tumor suppressor microRNA, plays key roles in the persistent activation of breast stromal fibroblasts and their functional interplay with cancer cells. We have first shown that let-7b is down-regulated in CAFs as compared to their corresponding normal adjacent fibroblasts, and transient specific let-7b inhibition permanently activated breast fibroblasts through induction of the IL-6-related positive feedback loop...
April 3, 2018: Oncotarget
Marianna Gallo, Daniela Frezzetti, Cristin Roma, Nicoletta Chicchinelli, Antonio Barbieri, Claudio Arra, Giosuè Scognamiglio, Gerardo Botti, Antonella De Luca, Nicola Normanno
Both the CC chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5/RANTES) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), released by mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as well as by neoplastic cells, promote breast cancer cell progression through autocrine and paracrine mechanisms. In order to assess the effects of the simultaneous overexpression of RANTES and IL-6 on the tumor cell phenotype, we overexpressed both proteins in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell lines. MCF-7 cells co-expressing RANTES and IL-6 had a greater ability to form colonies in soft agar, compared to cells overexpressing RANTES or IL-6...
April 3, 2018: Oncotarget
Tatsunori Goto, Makoto Murata, Seitaro Terakura, Tetsuya Nishida, Yoshiya Adachi, Yoko Ushijima, Kazuyuki Shimada, Yuichi Ishikawa, Fumihiko Hayakawa, Nobuhiro Nishio, Satoshi Nishiwaki, Akihiro Hirakawa, Katsuyoshi Kato, Yoshiyuki Takahashi, Hitoshi Kiyoi
INTRODUCTION: Delayed hematological recovery, graft failure, and acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) still remain major problems in cord blood transplantation (CBT). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known to support bone marrow stroma and promote hematopoiesis. Additionally, MSCs possess immunomodulatory properties and are used clinically for the treatment of acute GVHD. Therefore, the use of MSCs to enhance engraftment and prevent GVHD after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation has been explored...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
L H Tang, Q Y Lao, L Yu, J Wang
Objective: To investigate the clinical and pathological features of spindle cell lipoma (SCL) and pleomorphic lipoma (PL) with emphasis on differential diagnosis. Methods: Sixty-five cases of SCL/PL from the archive of Department of Pathology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, from August of 2006 to June of 2017, were included in the study. Immunohistochemistry by EnVision method, MDM2 gene amplifycation and DDIT3 gene translocation by fluorescence in situ hybridization(FISH) were detected and the literature was reviewed...
April 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Hiroshi Yokozaki, Yu-Ichiro Koma, Manabu Shigeoka, Mari Nishio
We review the significance of cancer-stromal interactions (CSIs) in the development, morphogenesis and progression of human gastric and esophageal cancer based on the data obtained from co-culture experiments. Orthotopic fibroblasts in the gastric cancer stroma not only promoted their growth by cancer cells but were also responsible for the mobility, morphogenesis and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of the cancer cells through CSI. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells could be part of the origin of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) of the gastric cancer providing an advantageous microenvironment for the restoration of cancer stem cells with the induction of the EMT...
April 19, 2018: Pathology International
Andrea Ronchi, Immacolata Cozzolino, Federica Zito Marino, Marina Accardo, Marco Montella, Iacopo Panarese, Giuseppe Roccuzzo, Giorgio Toni, Renato Franco, Annarosaria De Chiara
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal neoplasm that was originally described to be localized in the pleura, but thereafter, this has been reported in several anatomic sites. Although the etiology of the neoplasm remains largely unknown, the pathogenesis seems to be related to an NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene due to paracentric inversion on chromosome 12q13. The diagnosis of extrapleural SFT is challenging, owing to its rarity, and requires an integrated approach that includes specific clinical, histological, immunohistochemical, and even molecular findings...
April 9, 2018: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Dimitra Zacharaki, Roshanak Ghazanfari, Hongzhe Li, Hooi Ching Lim, Stefan Scheding
OBJECTIVE: Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) commonly share hyperactive JAK-STAT signaling affecting hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) and their progeny. The JAK1/2 inhibitor Ruxolitinib has remarkable clinical efficacy, including spleen reduction, improvement of constitutional symptoms, and bone marrow (BM) fibrosis reversal. Whether this is due to inhibition of JAK2-mutated HSC only, or whether Ruxolitinib also affects BM stroma is not known. METHODS: This study investigated potential effects of Ruxolitinib on BM mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC), which are not only major regulators of hematopoiesis but also contribute to fibrosis, from 10 healthy donors and 7 JAK2V617F -positive MPN patients...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
Paurav B Desai, Jovenal T San Agustin, Michael W Stuck, Julie A Jonassen, Carlton M Bates, Gregory J Pazour
Eukaryotic cilia are assembled by intraflagellar transport (IFT) where large protein complexes called IFT particles move ciliary components from the cell body to the cilium. Defects in most IFT particle proteins disrupt ciliary assembly and cause mid gestational lethality in the mouse. IFT25 and IFT27 are unusual components of IFT-B in that they are not required for ciliary assembly and mutant mice survive to term. The mutants die shortly after birth with numerous organ defects including duplex kidneys. Completely duplex kidneys result from defects in ureteric bud formation at the earliest steps of metanephric kidney development...
April 4, 2018: Mechanisms of Development
Jarish N Cohen, Amit J Sabnis, Gregor Krings, Soo-Jin Cho, Andrew E Horvai, Jessica L Davis
Mesenchymal round cell tumors are a diverse group of neoplasms defined by primitive, often high-grade cytomorphology. The most common molecular alterations detected in these tumors are gene rearrangements involving EWSR1 to one of many fusion partners. Rare EWSR1-NFATC2 gene rearrangements, corresponding to a t(20;22) gene translocation, have been described in mesenchymal tumors with clear round cell morphology and a predilection for the skeleton. We present a case of a tumor harboring the EWSR1-NFATC2 gene fusion arising in the subcutaneous tissue of a young woman...
April 4, 2018: Human Pathology
Sharad K Mittal, Alireza Mashaghi, Afsaneh Amouzegar, Mingshun Li, William Foulsham, Srikant K Sahu, Sunil K Chauhan
Purpose: Neutrophil-secreted effector molecules are one of the primary causes of tissue damage during corneal inflammation. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of stromal cells in regulating neutrophil expression of tissue-damaging enzymes, myeloperoxidase (MPO), and N-elastase (ELANE). Methods: Bone marrow-purified nonhematopoietic mesenchymal stromal cells and formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine-activated neutrophils were cocultured in the presence or absence of Transwell inserts for 1 hour...
March 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Junjie Wang, Weilin Yang, Tao Wang, Xiaoyong Chen, Jiancheng Wang, Xiaoran Zhang, Chuang Cai, Beilong Zhong, Jiabin Wu, Zhenguang Chen, Andy Peng Xiang, Weijun Huang
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been considered as one of the pivotal type of cells composing the tumor microenvironment. Although contact-dependent mechanisms and paracrine factors are thought to collaborate in governing the MSCs-based effects on tumors progression, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In particular, the involvement of MSCs-derived cytokines in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has not been clarified. In this study, we observed that β2-Microglobulin (B2M) is highly expressed in MSCs but scarcely in ESCC cells...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
Catharina Melzer, Juliane von der Ohe, Ralf Hass
Various direct and indirect cellular interactions between multi-functional mesenchymal stroma/stem-like cells (MSC) and cancer cells contribute to increasing plasticity within the tumor tissue and its microenvironment. Direct and tight communication between MSC and cancer cells is based on membrane protein interactions and the exchange of large plasma membrane fragments also known as trogocytosis. An ultimate but rare direct interaction resumes in fusion of these two cellular partners resulting in the formation of new cancer hybrid cell populations...
March 31, 2018: Stem Cells
Tanner J McArdle, Brenda M Ogle, Felicite K Noubissi
Although 3D invasion assays have been developed, the challenge remains to study cells without affecting the integrity of their microenvironment. Traditional 3D assays such as the Boyden Chamber require that cells are displaced from the original culture location and moved to a new environment. Not only does this disrupt the cellular processes that are intrinsic to the microenvironment, but it often results in a loss of cells. These problems are especially challenging when dealing with cells that are either rare, or extremely sensitive to their microenvironment...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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