Read by QxMD icon Read

Mesenchymal stem cell

Hideki Kakutani, Tomohiro Yuzuriha, Ema Akiyama, Teruyuki Nakao, Souichi Ohta
People are frequently and unintentionally exposed to many chemical compounds, such as environmental pollutants and endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), in food and from the atmosphere. In particular, endocrine-disrupting TBBPA and dioxins are found in human breast milk and in the body. Conventional studies evaluate toxicity by administering a single substance to cells or animals, but evaluation of the toxicity of mixtures of these ingested compounds is essential for "true" toxicological assessment...
2018: Toxicology Reports
Wenzheng Xia, Meng Hou
Doxorubicin (DOXO) is a chemotherapeutic agent widely used in the treatment of various types of cancer. However, cardiotoxicity is a major side effect of DOXO therapy due to the ability of this compound to induce cardiac cellular senescence. It is well known that microRNA (miR)-34a serves a role in cardiac dysfunction and ageing, and that it is involved in several cellular processes associated with DOXO-induced cardiotoxicity. Furthermore, mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapies have been reported to modulate cellular senescence...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
Tony Navas, Thomas D Pfister, Simona Colantonio, Amina Aziz, Lynda Dieckman, Richard G Saul, Jan Kaczmarczyk, Suzanne Borgel, Sergio Y Alcoser, Melinda G Hollingshead, Young H Lee, Donald P Bottaro, Tara Hiltke, Gordon Whiteley, Naoko Takebe, Robert J Kinders, Ralph E Parchment, Joseph E Tomaszewski, James H Doroshow
The presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) and the induction of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in tumors are associated with tumor aggressiveness, metastasis, drug resistance, and poor prognosis, necessitating the development of reagents for unambiguous detection of CSC- and EMT-associated proteins in tumor specimens. To this end, we generated novel antibodies to EMT- and CSC-associated proteins, including Goosecoid, Sox9, Slug, Snail, and CD133. Importantly, unlike several widely used antibodies to CD133, the anti-CD133 antibodies we generated recognize epitopes distal to known glycosylation sites, enabling analyses that are not confounded by differences in CD133 glycosylation...
2018: PloS One
Hon Yan Kelvin Yip, Chin Wee Tan, Yumiko Hirokawa, Antony Wilks Burgess
Although small intestinal epithelial stem cells form crypts when using intestinal culture conditions, colon stem cells usually form colonospheres. Colon mesenchymal cell feeder layers can stimulate colon crypts to form organoids and produce crypts. We have investigated whether conditioned medium from colon mesenchymal cells can also stimulate colonosphere and organoid cryptogenesis. We prepared conditioned medium (CM) from WEHI-YH2 cells (mouse colon myofibroblasts); the CM stimulated both colonosphere formation and organoid cryptogenesis in vitro...
2018: PloS One
Rajendra P Pangeni, Zhou Zhang, Angel A Alvarez, Xuechao Wan, Namratha Sastry, Songjian Lu, Taiping Shi, Tianzhi Huang, Charles X Lei, C David James, John A Kessler, Cameron W Brennan, Ichiro Nakano, Xinghua Lu, Bo Hu, Wei Zhang, Shi-Yuan Cheng
Glioma stem cells (GSCs), a subpopulation of tumor cells, contribute to tumor heterogeneity and therapy resistance. Gene expression profiling classified glioblastoma (GBM) and GSCs into four transcriptomically-defined subtypes. Here, we determined the DNA methylation signatures in transcriptomically pre-classified GSC and GBM bulk tumors subtypes. We hypothesized that these DNA methylation signatures correlate with gene expression and are uniquely associated either with only GSCs or only GBM bulk tumors. Additional methylation signatures may be commonly associated with both GSCs and GBM bulk tumors, i...
June 21, 2018: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Joseph J Kim, Prabhas V Moghe
This unit describes a protocol for acquiring and analyzing high-content super-resolution images of human stem cell nuclei for the characterization and classification of the cell differentiation paths based on distinct patterns of epigenetic mark organization. Here, we describe the cell culture, immunocytochemical labeling, super-resolution imaging parameters, and MATLAB-based quantitative image analysis approaches for monitoring human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) as the cells differentiate towards various lineages...
June 14, 2018: Current Protocols in Stem Cell Biology
Bruna Dos Santos Ramalho, Fernanda Martins de Almeida, Conrado Mendonça Sales, Silmara de Lima, Ana Maria Blanco Martinez
In spite of advances in surgical care and rehabilitation, the consequences of spinal cord injury (SCI) are still challenging. Several experimental therapeutic strategies have been studied in the SCI field, and recent advances have led to the development of therapies that may act on the inhibitory microenvironment. Assorted lineages of stem cells are considered a good treatment for SCI. This study investigated the effect of systemic transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in a compressive SCI model...
June 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Bogdan Conrad, Li-Hsin Han, Fan Yang
Hydrogels are attractive matrices for cell-based cartilage tissue regeneration given their injectability and ability to fill defects with irregular shapes. However, most hydrogels developed to date often lack cell scale macroporosity, which restrains the encapsulated cells, leading to delayed new extracellular matrix deposition restricted to pericellular regions. Further, tissue engineered cartilage using conventional hydrogels generally suffers from poor mechanical property and fails to restore the load-bearing property of articular cartilage...
June 21, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
C S Chang, C Y Yang, H Y Hsiao, L Chen, I M Chu, M H Cheng, C H Tsao
Tissue engineering has the potential to overcome the limitations of tracheal reconstruction. To tissue-engineer a tracheal cartilage, auricular chondrocytes were encapsulated in a photocurable poly(ethylene glycol)/poly(ε-caprolactone) (PEG/PCL) hydrogel. Chondrogenic genes, including Sox9, Acan and Col2a1, were up-regulated in auricular chondrocytes after 2 weeks of in vitro cultivation in the PEG/PCL hydrogel. Co-cultivation of 70 % auricular chondrocytes and 30 % bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) accelerated the chondrogenic genes' expression in the PEG/PCL hydrogel...
June 21, 2018: European Cells & Materials
Reiji Kannagi, Bi-He Cai, Hsiang-Chi Huang, Chia-Chun Chao, Keiichiro Sakuma
Tumor-associated gangliosides play important roles in regulation of signal transduction induced by growth-factor receptors including EGFR, FGFR, HGF and PDGFR in a specific microdomain called glycosynapse in the cancer cell membranes, and in interaction with glycan recognition molecules involved in cell adhesion and immune regulation including selectins and siglecs. As the genes involved in the synthesis and degradation of tumor-associated gangliosides were identified, biological functions became clearer from the experimental results employing forced overexpression and/or knockdown/knockout of the genes...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Martin Vielreicher, Dana Kralisch, Simon Völkl, Fabian Sternal, Andreas Arkudas, Oliver Friedrich
Biomimetic scaffolds are of great interest to tissue engineering (TE) and tissue repair as they support important cell functions. Scaffold coating with soluble collagen-I has been used to achieve better tissue integration in orthopaedy, however, as collagen persistence was only temporary such efforts were limited. Adequate coverage with cell-derived ECM collagen-I would promise great success, in particular for TE of mechanically challenged tissues. Here, we have used label-free, non-invasive multiphoton microscopy (MPM) to characterise bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) - a promising biomaterial for bone TE - and their potency to stimulate collagen-I formation by mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)...
June 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Amel Essaadi, Marie Nollet, Anaïs Moyon, Jimmy Stalin, Stéphanie Simoncini, Laure Balasse, Alexandrine Bertaud, Richard Bachelier, Aurélie S Leroyer, Gabrielle Sarlon, Benjamin Guillet, Françoise Dignat-George, Nathalie Bardin, Marcel Blot-Chabaud
Cell-based therapies constitute a real hope for the treatment of ischaemic diseases. One of the sources of endothelial progenitors for autologous cell therapy is Endothelial Colony Forming Cells (ECFC) that can be isolated from peripheral blood. However, their use is limited by their low number in the bloodstream and the loss of their stem cell phenotype associated with the acquisition of a senescent phenotype in culture. We hypothesized that adding soluble CD146, a novel endothelial growth factor with angiogenic properties, during the isolation and growth procedures could improve their number and therapeutic potential...
June 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shangliang Chen, Mingzhu Wang, Xinglu Chen, Shaolian Chen, Li Liu, Jianbin Zhu, Jinhui Wang, Xiaorong Yang, Xiangsheng Cai
BACKGROUND Cytokeratin 19 (CK19) is a typical epithelial marker. In this study, we determined whether epidermal growth factor (EGF) or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) could enhance CK19 expression in adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs), thereby inducing the differentiation of ADSCs into epithelial-like cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS ADSCs were isolated from perinephric fat, and the expression of CD29, CD90, and CD105 was confirmed. Following isolation, ADSCs were cultured in static medium or medium containing EGF or bFGF...
June 21, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Keisuke Sumi, Takaharu Abe, Ryo Kunimatsu, Nanae Oki, Yuji Tsuka, Tetsuya Awada, Kengo Nakajima, Kazuyo Ando, Kotaro Tanimoto
Regeneration of tissue, including bone, using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been progressing rapidly. Regeneration of bone requires the presence of an appropriate environment and efficient chemotaxis of cells to the target site. Differentiation of MSCs into mesenchymal cells has received considerable attention, but the effect of MSCs on chemotaxis is not well understood. In this study, we investigated the effect of MSCs on chemotaxis of RAW264 cells via C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2). Balb/c mouse bone marrow-derived MSCs and RAW264 cells, which are osteoclast precursor cells, were co-cultured without cell contact...
2018: Journal of Oral Science
L Barbier, E Ramos, J Mendiola, O Rodriguez, G Santamaria, J Santamaria, I Arteagoitia
BACKGROUND: Since the discovery of adult mesenchymal stem cells extensive research has been conducted to determine their mechanisms of differentiation and effectiveness in cell therapy and regenerative medicine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To assess the efficacy of autologous dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells delivered in a collagen matrix for post-extraction socket healing, a single-centre, double-blind, randomised, split-mouth, controlled clinical trial was performed...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Min Huang, Ya-Lin Cheng, Ji-Tao Zeng, Xiao-Ya Su, Hong Liu
Inhibin-α, a member of the transforming growth factor (TGF-β) superfamily, has been involved in bone turnover during the menopausal transition via endocrine effects, and it was previously reported that inhibins may antagonize the function of BMPs. Certainly, one of the most important functions of BMPs is to induce osteogenic differentiation. BMP9 as one of the most potent BMPs to induce osteogenic differentiation has gotten more and more attentions. Nonetheless, the effects of inhibin-α on osteogenesis remain unknown...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Abhishak C Gupta, Shikha Chawla, Ashok Hegde, Divya Singh, Balaji Bandyopadhyay, Chandrasekharan C Lakshmanan, Gurpreet Kalsi, Sourabh Ghosh
Human hair dermal papilla (DP) cells are specialized mesenchymal cells that play a pivotal role in hair regeneration and hair cycle activation. The current study aimed to first develop three-dimensional (3D) DP spheroids (DPS) with or without a silk-gelatin (SG) microenvironment, which showed enhanced DP-specific gene expression, resulting in enhanced extracellular matrix (ECM) production compared with a monolayer culture. We tested the feasibility of using this DPS model for drug screening by using minoxidil, which is a standard drug for androgenic alopecia...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Dinesh Murugan Girija, Mangathayaru Kalachaveedu, Suresh Ranga Rao, Rajasekaran Subbarayan
Gingival tissue is reportedly a promising, easily accessible, abundant resource of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) for use in various tissue engineering strategies. Human gingival MSC (HGMSCs) were successfully isolated from gingival tissue and characterized. To analyze in a two-dimensional form, HGMSCs were cultured with basal medium and induced with 25 µg/ml of Acalypha indica. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and western blot analysis showed the presence of keratinocyte-specific markers, including cytokeratin-5 and involucrin...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Grace M Niemiro, Jacob M Allen, Lucy J Mailing, Naiman A Khan, Hannah D Holscher, Jeffrey A Woods, Michael De Lisio
KEY POINTS: Chronic inflammation underlies many of the health decrements associated with obesity. Circulating progenitor cells can sense and respond to inflammatory stimuli, increasing the local inflammatory response within tissues. Here we show that 6 weeks of endurance exercise training significantly decreases inflammatory circulating progenitor cells in obese adults. These findings provide novel cellular mechanisms for the beneficial effects of exercise in obese adults. ABSTRACT: Circulating progenitor cells (CPCs) and subpopulations are normally found in the bone marrow, but can migrate to peripheral tissues to participate in local inflammation and/or remodelling...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Dominika Piasecka, Marcin Braun, Radzislaw Kordek, Rafal Sadej, Hanna Romanska
PURPOSE: Dysregulation of miRNA profile has been associated with a broad spectrum of cellular processes underlying progression of various human malignancies. Increasing evidence suggests that specific microRNA clusters might be of clinical utility, especially in triple-negative breast carcinoma (TNBC), devoid of both predictive markers and potential therapeutic targets. Here we provide a comprehensive review of the existing data on microRNAs in TNBC, their molecular targets, a putative role in invasive progression with a particular emphasis on the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and acquisition of stem-cell properties (CSC), regarded both as prerequisites for metastasis, and significance for therapy...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"