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Reşat Duman, Ayhan Vurmaz
PURPOSE: The exact etiopathogenesis of steroid-induced cataracts (SIC) is not known. Although oxidative stress is one of the most acceptable hypotheses, the exact molecular events in steroid-induced oxidative events in the lens need to be clarified. In addition, to the best of our knowledge, the innate immune system components in SIC formation have not been studied previously. The aim of the present study was to study the oxidative system and the innate immune system components in the cataractous lenses of a developing chick embryo SIC model...
March 15, 2018: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
A Hashimoto, M Matsumura, K Hirayama, K Tanaka
The family Lophiotremataceae ( Pleosporales , Dothideomycetes ) is taxonomically revised on the basis of morphological observations and phylogenetic analyses of sequences of nuclear rDNA SSU, ITS, and LSU regions and tef1 and rpb2 genes. A total of 208 sequences were generated from species of Lophiotremataceae and its relatives. According to phylogenetic analyses, Lophiotremataceae encompasses the genus Lophiotrema and five new genera: Atrocalyx , Crassimassarina , Cryptoclypeus , Galeaticarpa , and Pseudocryptoclypeus ...
December 2017: Persoonia
Davide Corbetta, Elisabetta Sarasso, Federica Agosta, Massimo Filippi, Roberto Gatti
Background: Treatment of central post-stroke pain (CPSP) after a thalamic-capsular stroke is generally based on pharmacological approach as it is low responsive to physiotherapy. In this case report, the use of mirror therapy (MT) for the reduction of CPSP in a subject after a stroke involving thalamus is presented. Case presentation: Five years after a right lenticular-capsular thalamic stroke, despite a good recovery of voluntary movement that guaranteed independence in daily life activities, a 50-year-old woman presented with mild weakness and spasticity, an important sensory loss and a burning pain in the left upper limb...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
Jyoti Himanshu Matalia, Sushma Tejwani, Vimal Krishna Rajput, Himanshu Matalia
We report a case of anterior megalophthalmos and complicated cataract, with apparently smaller lens in both eyes. The right eye had spontaneous retinal detachment. The child underwent cataract surgery in both the eyes with retinal detachment surgery in the right eye. Due to small size of the lenticular bag, a downsized customized intraocular lens (IOL) was implanted. Postoperatively, the IOL was well centered with ambulatory vision till 3 years of follow-up. This case describes this rare disorder and its association with apparently small-sized lens and discusses the course of its management, highlighting the visual rehabilitation with customization of IOLs...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
S Tavolaro, P Mozer, M Roupret, E Comperat, F Rozet, E Barret, S Drouin, C Vaessen, O Lucidarme, O Cussenot, F Boudghène, R Renard-Penna
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate precise location criteria on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to improve detection of transition zone (TZ) and anterior stroma (AS) prostate cancers using targeted MRI/transrectal ultrasound fusion biopsies as a reference standard. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-six men (mean age: 65 years±7.7 [SD] [range: 46-83 years]) with an elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) (PSA≥4ng/mL) who underwent standard and targeted biopsies on a TZ/AS suspicious lesion were included...
February 21, 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
David Wacey, Nora Noffke, Martin Saunders, Paul Guagliardo, David M Pyle
The ∼3.48 billion-year-old Dresser Formation, Pilbara Craton, Western Australia, is a key geological unit for the study of Earth's earliest life and the habitats it occupied. Here, we describe a new suite of spheroidal to lenticular microstructures that morphologically resemble some previously reported Archean microfossils. Correlative microscopy shows that these objects have a size distribution, wall ultrastructure, and chemistry that are incompatible with a microfossil origin and instead are interpreted as pyritized and silicified fragments of vesicular volcanic glass...
February 20, 2018: Astrobiology
Hattan Zaki, Amarpreet Sabharwal, Jill Kramer, Alfredo Aguirre
Laugier-Hunziker syndrome (LHS, also termed idiopathic lenticular mucocutaneous hyperpigmentation) is an unusual condition characterized by progressive pigmentation of the mucous membranes. LHS displays a benign course and is not associated with malignancy. Here we present a case of LHS with a 7-year follow-up. We document metachronous oral melanoacanthomas in this individual. In addition, we found that the oral melanotic macules in this patient waxed and waned in a cyclical manner. To our knowledge, this is the first report of these findings in the context of LHS...
February 15, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
Sakiko Itaya, Zen Kobayashi, Kokoro Ozaki, Nozomu Sato, Yoshiyuki Numasawa, Kinya Ishikawa, Takanori Yokota, Hiroshi Matsuda, Shuzo Shintani
A 58-year-old man consulted our hospital due to a 2-year history of dysarthria and a 1-month history of blepharospasm. In addition to the ataxic dysarthria and blepharospasm, a neurological examination demonstrated slight ataxia of the trunk and lower limbs. Brain MRI demonstrated atrophy of the upper portion of the cerebellar vermis. Gene analysis established a diagnosis of spinocerebellar ataxia type 31 (SCA31). SPECT with the three-dimensional stereotaxic ROI template (3DSRT) software program demonstrated hyperperfusion in the lenticular nucleus and thalamus...
February 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
João P Z Siqueira, Deanna A Sutton, Josepa Gené, Dania García, Nathan Wiederhold, Josep Guarro
The diversity of Aspergillus species in clinical samples is continuously increasing. Species under the former name Eurotium, currently accommodated in section Aspergillus of the genus Aspergillus, are xerophilic fungi widely found in the human environment and able to grow on substrates with low water activity. However, their prevalence in the clinical setting is poorly known. We have studied the presence of these species in a set of clinical samples from the United States using a multilocus sequence analysis based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the rRNA, and fragments of the genes β-tubulin (BenA), calmodulin (CaM), and polymerase II second largest subunit (RPB2)...
October 9, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Long Zhang, Haifeng Zhang, Xiaobing Ren, Jürgen Eckert, Yandong Wang, Zhengwang Zhu, Thomas Gemming, Simon Pauly
Martensitic transformations originate from a rigidity instability, which causes a crystal to change its lattice in a displacive manner. Here, we report that the martensitic transformation on cooling in Ti-Zr-Cu-Fe alloys yields an amorphous phase instead. Metastable β-Ti partially transforms into an intragranular amorphous phase due to local lattice shear and distortion. The lenticular amorphous plates, which very much resemble α'/α″ martensite in conventional Ti alloys, have a well-defined orientation relationship with the surrounding β-Ti crystal...
February 6, 2018: Nature Communications
Gotthard G Tribl, Mateus C Trindade, Kelson James Almeida, Rosana Cardoso Alves, Daniel Ciampi de Andrade, Erich T Fonoff, Alexandre A Machado, Manoel J Teixeira, Egberto R Barbosa, Edson Bor-Seng-Shu
To compare transcranial sonography (TCS) findings in patients with predominantly neurological Wilson's disease (WD) to those from controls, and to correlate TCS data with the clinical profile of WD. Patients with WD (n=40/f=18) and healthy, matched controls (n=49/f=20) were assessed in terms of TCS, serum copper and iron parameters, and clinical scales, such as the Unified Wilson's Disease Rating Scale (UWDRS), Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised (ACE-R), Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Beck Depression Inventory...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Jeewan S Titiyal, Manpreet Kaur, Anand S Brar, Ruchita Falera
PURPOSE: To describe our technique of lenticule edge identification in small-incision lenticule extraction using the "meniscus sign" to prevent lenticule misdissection. METHODS: Femtosecond laser application for small-incision lenticule extraction was performed. A "double ring" was visible, signifying the edge of the cap cut (outer ring) and lenticule cut (inner ring). The anterior and posterior lamellar planes were delineated in 2 different directions. During creation of the posterior lamellar channel, the lenticule edge was slightly pushed away from the surgeon to create a gap between the inner ring (diameter of the lenticule cut) and the lenticule edge...
January 29, 2018: Cornea
D E Smalley, E Nygaard, K Squire, J Van Wagoner, J Rasmussen, S Gneiting, K Qaderi, J Goodsell, W Rogers, M Lindsey, K Costner, A Monk, M Pearson, B Haymore, J Peatross
Free-space volumetric displays, or displays that create luminous image points in space, are the technology that most closely resembles the three-dimensional displays of popular fiction. Such displays are capable of producing images in 'thin air' that are visible from almost any direction and are not subject to clipping. Clipping restricts the utility of all three-dimensional displays that modulate light at a two-dimensional surface with an edge boundary; these include holographic displays, nanophotonic arrays, plasmonic displays, lenticular or lenslet displays and all technologies in which the light scattering surface and the image point are physically separate...
January 24, 2018: Nature
Kalina Trifonova, George Jordanoff, Valentin Stoyanov, Kiril Slaveykov
BACKGROUND: Alport syndrome is a progressive genetic disease which is characterised by glomerulonephritis, sensorineural deafness and ocular abnormalities. We aimed to present a clinical case of a patient with Alport syndrome with spontaneous anterior lens capsule rupture. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old male with histologically proven Alport syndrome was hospitalised in the Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital "Prof. Stoyan Kirkovich", Stara Zagora with low vision, pain, redness, high IOP and rupture of the anterior lenticular capsule of the right eye...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Matt P Harrison, Daniel A Pearson, R Mark Bradley
We study the nanoscale terraced topographies that arise when a solid surface is bombarded with a broad ion beam that has a relatively high angle of incidence θ. We find that the surface is not completely flat between the regions in which the surface slope changes rapidly with position: Instead, small-amplitude ripples propagate along the surface. Our analytical work on these ripples yields their propagation velocity as well as the scaling behavior of their amplitude. Our simulations establish that the surfaces exhibit interrupted coarsening, i...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
Ilaria Tocco-Tussardi, Caterina Kulyk, Vincenzo Vindigni, Giampiero Avruscio
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral-protection devices (CPDs) are a well-established system for reduction of embolic risk in carotid artery angioplasty and stenting (CAS). Although rare, adverse events with CPDs are unpredictable and can be associated with serious outcomes and iatrogenic sequelae. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe the unique case of dislocation of a FilterWire EX™ filter loop during right CAS. On trying to recapture the CPD filter at the end of the procedure, the filter loop suddenly detached from the guidewire and dislocated to the proximal middle cerebral artery...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
V P Lima, D Calado
In this study, we report the first records and morphological characterization of galls in a Cerrado area in western Bahia, Brazil. The data were collected monthly over two hours between March and September 2015. Fifteen gall morphotypes were found in twelve plant species distributed among seven families. The plant family with the greatest richness of galls was Fabaceae (n = 8). The following gall morphologies were found: globoid, lenticular, marginal leaf roll, conical, cylindrical, fusiform, spherical and pocket shaped...
January 8, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
Jiali Pu, Xiaoli Si, Rong Ye, Baorong Zhang
RATIONALE: A dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) refers to an abnormal direct connection between an intracranial artery and a dural venous sinus. A DAVF presenting with parkinsonism is rare, and is therefore easily misdiagnosed. Therefore, early consideration of DAVF in the differential diagnosis of reversible parkinsonism is necessary. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present the case of a 51-year-old male with progressive parkinsonism. DIAGNOSES: He was diagnosed as straight sinus occlusion...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Devesh Kumawat, Karthikeya Ramananda, Pranita Sahay, Atul Kumar
Lenticular changes are often seen following electrical injury. We report an unusual case of electrical injury with late spontaneous posterior dislocation of lens nucleus with intact anterior capsule with ruptured posterior capsule in the right eye and anterior subcapsular cataract in the left eye. The right eye was managed with pars plana vitrectomy with cortical matter removal with multipiece intraocular lens insertion in ciliary sulcus. This report adds posterior capsular rupture and posterior dislocation of lens to the usual ocular complications of electrical injury...
December 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Priya Narang, Amar Agarwal
Lensectomy with vitrectomy is often performed for crystalline lenticular subluxation. We report a new technique and a practical approach that involves the placement of a spatula beneath the iris tissue that facilitates retroiridial removal of subluxated lens and acts as a scaffold by protecting the iris tissue from being accidentally trapped into the vitrectomy cutter port. Our technique facilitates management of the lens and vitreous without any trauma to the iris and secondarily obviates the need to perform an iris repair procedure that may arise due to iatrogenic reasons...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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