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Collagen Cross-linking

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230557/comparison-of-the-conventional-dresden-protocol-and-accelerated-protocol-with-higher-ultraviolet-intensity-in-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-for-keratoconus
#1
Moonjung Choi, Jiwon Kim, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo, Tae-Im Kim
PURPOSE: To compare the accelerated corneal cross-linking (CXL) protocol and the conventional Dresden protocol in patients with keratoconus in terms of visual acuity, keratometric values, and topographic parameters. METHODS: Twenty-eight eyes of 25 patients with primary keratoconus were divided into 2 groups; 15 eyes in group 1 received CXL under the standard Dresden protocol (3 mW/cm for 30 min, dose 5.4 J/cm) and 13 eyes in group 2 were treated with the accelerated protocol (30 mW/cm for 3 min 40 s, dose 6...
February 22, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228794/prompt-clinical-and-biochemical-response-to-denosumab-in-a-young-adult-patient-with-craniofacial-fibrous-dysplasia
#2
Cristina Eller-Vainicher, Diego Sergio Rossi, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Giada Anna Beltramini, Elisa Cairoli, Antonio Russillo, Giovanna Mantovani, Anna Spada, Iacopo Chiodini
BACKGROUND: We report on the clinical and biochemical outcomes in a 20-year-old male suffering from active craniofacial monostotic fibrous dysplasia (MFD) of the left mandible treated with the RANK-L inhibitor, denosumab, following unsatisfactory responses to prior long-term bisphosphonates therapy. RESULTS: The patient had been treated over 9 years with pamidronate (cumulative dose of 810 mg) with incomplete control of pain. Following initiation of denosumab 60 mg subcutaneously, bone pain and bone turnover markers (osteocalcin, total and bone alkaline phosphatase and carboxy-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen) were monitored over a 27 months period...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224220/calcium-intake-in-winter-pregnancy-attenuates-impact-of-vitamin-d-inadequacy-on-urine-ntx-a-marker-of-bone-resorption
#3
Eileen C O'Brien, Mark T Kilbane, Malachi J McKenna, Ricardo Segurado, Aisling A Geraghty, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
PURPOSE: Pregnancy is characterised by increased bone turnover, but high bone turnover with resorption exceeding formation may lead to negative maternal bone remodelling. Recent studies are conflicting regarding the effect of calcium on skeletal health in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to examine the seasonal effect of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and dietary calcium on a marker of bone resorption. METHODS: This was prospective study of 205 pregnant women [two cohorts; early pregnancy at 13 weeks (n = 96), and late pregnancy at 28 weeks (n = 109)]...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220210/applicability-of-in-vitro-in-vivo-translation-of-cathepsin-k-inhibition-from-animal-species-to-human-with-the-use-of-free-drug-hypothesis
#4
Bennett Ma, Bin Luo, Danielle H Euler, Tara E Cusick, Gregg Wesolowski, Helmut Glantschnig, Le T Duong, Yangsi Ou, Steven S Carroll, Laura S Lubbers
The correlation of in vitro inhibition of cathepsin K (CatK) activity and in vivo suppression of collagen I biomarkers was examined with three selective CatK inhibitors to explore the potential translatability from animal species to human. These inhibitors exhibited good in vitro potencies toward recombinant CatK enzymes across species, with IC50 values ranging from 0.20 to 6.1 nM. In vivo studies were conducted in animal species following multiple-day dosing of the CatK inhibitors to achieve steady-state plasma drug concentration-time profiles...
February 20, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216326/a-scalable-lysyl-hydroxylase-2-expression-system-and-luciferase-based-enzymatic-activity-assay
#5
Hou-Fu Guo, Eun Jeong Cho, Ashwini K Devkota, Yulong Chen, William Russell, George N Phillips, Mitsuo Yamauchi, Kevin N Dalby, Jonathan M Kurie
Hydroxylysine aldehyde-derived collagen cross-links (HLCCs) accumulate in fibrotic tissues and certain types of cancer and are thought to drive the progression of these diseases. HLCC formation is initiated by lysyl hydroxylase 2 (LH2), an Fe(II) and α-ketoglutarate (αKG)-dependent oxygenase that hydroxylates telopeptidyl lysine residues on collagen. Development of LH2 antagonists for the treatment of these diseases will require a reliable source of recombinant LH2 protein and a non-radioactive LH2 enzymatic activity assay that is amenable to high throughput screens of small molecule libraries...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215822/structural-and-functional-analysis-of-two-small-leucine-rich-repeat-proteoglycans-fibromodulin-and-chondroadherin
#6
Patricia Paracuellos, Sebastian Kalamajski, Arkadiusz Bonna, Dominique Bihan, Richard W Farndale, Erhard Hohenester
The small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs) are important regulators of extracellular matrix assembly and cell signalling. We have determined crystal structures at ~2.2 Å resolution of human fibromodulin and chondroadherin, two collagen-binding SLRPs. Their overall fold is similar to that of the prototypical SLRP, decorin, but unlike decorin neither fibromodulin nor chondroadherin forms a stable dimer. A previously identified binding site for integrin α2β1 maps to an α-helix in the C-terminal cap region of chondroadherin...
February 16, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215504/a-case-of-in-vivo-iontophoresis-assisted-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-for-keratoconus-an-immunohistochemical-study
#7
Mirko Manetti, Eleonora Favuzza, Eleonora Sgambati, Rita Mencucci, Mirca Marini
The standard corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL), that includes the removal of corneal epithelium to permit adequate penetration of riboflavin in the stroma, is an established procedure to halting keratoconus progression. However, as epithelial removal may cause postoperative pain and an increased risk of corneal infection, new therapeutic approaches have been proposed. Iontophoresis is a recently developed non-invasive technique which provides the use of electrical current during CXL to enhance transepithelial penetration of riboflavin into the corneal stroma...
February 15, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212282/collagen-gold-nanoparticle-conjugates-for-versatile-biosensing
#8
Sarah Unser, Samuel Holcomb, ReJeana Cary, Laura Sagle
Integration of noble metal nanoparticles with proteins offers promising potential to create a wide variety of biosensors that possess both improved selectivity and versatility. The multitude of functionalities that proteins offer coupled with the unique optical properties of noble metal nanoparticles can allow for the realization of simple, colorimetric sensors for a significantly larger range of targets. Herein, we integrate the structural protein collagen with 10 nm gold nanoparticles to develop a protein-nanoparticle conjugate which possess the functionality of the protein with the desired colorimetric properties of the nanoparticles...
February 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209269/association-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-levels-with-collagen-degradation-in-the-context-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#9
V Klaus, F Tanios-Schmies, C Reeps, M Trenner, E Matevossian, H-H Eckstein, J Pelisek
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have already been identified as key players in the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). However, the current data remain inconclusive. In this study, the expression of MMPs at mRNA and protein levels were investigated in relation to the degradation of collagen I and collagen III. METHODS: Tissue samples were obtained from 40 patients with AAA undergoing open aortic repair, and from five healthy controls during kidney transplantation...
February 10, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199387/dermatan-sulfate-is-a-player-in-the-transglutaminase-2-interaction-network
#10
Grzegorz Wisowski, Ewa M Koźma, Tomasz Bielecki, Adam Pudełko, Krystyna Olczyk
Transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is a multifunctional protein that is primarily engaged in cell adhesion/signaling or shows Ca2+-dependent transglutaminase activity in the extracellular space of tissues. This latter action leads to the cross-linking of the extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. The enhanced extracellular expression of TG2 is associated with processes such as wound healing, fibrosis or vascular remodeling that are also characterized by a high deposition of dermatan sulfate (DS) proteoglycans in the ECM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188454/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-cutoffs-for-functional-bone-measures-in-postmenopausal-osteoporosis
#11
D Y Lee, J H Jee, Y Y Cho, J Y Jang, T Y Yu, T H Kim, Y J Hong, W-J Hong, S-M Jin, K Y Hur, J H Kim, S W Kim, J H Chung, M K Lee, Y-K Min
: This study sought to determine the minimal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration required to maintain bone health in postmenopausal women with low bone mass. A serum 25(OH)D concentration of 20 ng/mL rather than 30 ng/mL was appropriate for bone health. INTRODUCTION: There is no consensus on the minimal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration required to maintain bone health. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between 25(OH)D measured via liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), which is the current gold standard, and biochemical markers of bone turnover, PTH, and bone mineral densitometry (BMD)...
February 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161589/women-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-have-lower-cortical-porosity-of-the-proximal-femoral-shaft-using-low-resolution-ct-than-nondiabetic-women-and-increasing-glucose-is-associated-with-reduced-cortical-porosity
#12
Marit Osima, Rita Kral, Tove T Borgen, Ingvild K Høgestøl, Ragnar M Joakimsen, Erik F Eriksen, Åshild Bjørnerem
Increased cortical porosity has been suggested as a possible factor increasing fracture propensity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This is a paradox because cortical porosity is generally associated with high bone turnover, while bone turnover is reduced in patients with T2DM. We therefore wanted to test the hypothesis that women with T2DM have lower bone turnover markers (BTM) and lower cortical porosity than those without diabetes, and that higher serum glucose and body mass index (BMI) are associated with lower BTM, and with lower cortical porosity...
February 1, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160249/evaluation-of-iontophoretic-collagen-cross-linking-for-early-stage-of-progressive-keratoconus-compared-to-standard-cross-linking-a-non-inferiority-study
#13
Alina Cantemir, Anisia I Alexa, Nicoleta Anton, Roxana E Ciuntu, Ciprian Danielescu, Dorin Chiselita, Danut Costin
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of iontophoretic collagen cross-linking (I-CXL) compared to epithelium-off standard collagen cross-linking (CXL) in treating the early stages of progressive keratoconus. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study at Oftaprof Clinic, Iasi, Romania included 40 eyes of 40 patients with progressive keratoconus stage I according to the Amsler classification who underwent I-CXL and the results were compared with a matched group of 40 eyes from 40 patients who received standard CXL...
February 3, 2017: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157237/mechanisms-underlying-the-cardiac-antifibrotic-effects-of-losartan-metabolites
#14
José Luis Miguel-Carrasco, Javier Beaumont, Gorka San José, María U Moreno, Begoña López, Arantxa González, Guillermo Zalba, Javier Díez, Ana Fortuño, Susana Ravassa
Excessive myocardial collagen deposition and cross-linking (CCL), a process regulated by lysyl oxidase (LOX), determines left ventricular (LV) stiffness and dysfunction. The angiotensin II antagonist losartan, metabolized to the EXP3179 and EXP3174 metabolites, reduces myocardial fibrosis and LV stiffness in hypertensive patients. Our aim was to investigate the differential influence of losartan metabolites on myocardial LOX and CCL in an experimental model of hypertension with myocardial fibrosis, and whether EXP3179 and EXP3174 modify LOX expression and activity in fibroblasts...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154175/pre-steady-state-kinetics-reveal-the-substrate-specificity-and-mechanism-of-halide-oxidation-of-truncated-human-peroxidasin-1
#15
Martina Paumann-Page, Romy-Sophie Katz, Marzia Bellei, Irene Schwartz, Eva Edenhofer, Benjamin Sevcnikar, Monika Soudi, Stefan Hofbauer, Gianantonio Battistuzzi, Paul G Furtmueller, Christian Obinger
Human peroxidasin 1 is a homotrimeric multidomain peroxidase that is secreted to the extracellular matrix. The heme enzyme was shown to release hypobromous acid which mediates the formation of specific covalent sulfilimine bonds to reinforce collagen IV in basement membranes. Maturation by proteolytic cleavage is known to activate the enzyme. Here we present the first multi-mixing stopped-flow study on a fully functional truncated variant of human peroxidasin 1 comprising four immune-globulin-like domains and the catalytically active peroxidase domain...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149672/corneal-cross-linking-with-riboflavin-and-uv-a-in-the-mouse-cornea-in-vivo-morphological-biochemical-and-physiological-analysis
#16
Sabine Kling, Arthur Hammer, Alain Conti, Farhad Hafezi
PURPOSE: To morphologically, biochemically, and physiologically characterize corneal cross-linking with riboflavin and UV-A light (CXL) in a newly established in vivo murine model. METHODS: C57BL/6 wild-type mice (N = 67) were treated with various CXL protocols, with modification of the following parameters: total energy (fluence) used, duration of UV-A irradiation, continuous versus pulsed irradiation, and CXL under hypoxic conditions (contact lens). Corneas were evaluated biomicroscopically, histologically, and using optical coherence tomography...
January 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132822/the-release-kinetics-antimicrobial-activity-and-cytocompatibility-of-differently-prepared-collagen-hydroxyapatite-vancomycin-layers-microstructure-vs-nanostructure
#17
Tomáš Suchý, Monika Šupová, Eva Klapková, Václava Adamková, Jan Závora, Margit Žaloudková, Šárka Rýglová, Rastislav Ballay, František Denk, Marek Pokorný, Pavla Sauerová, Marie Hubálek Kalbáčová, Lukáš Horný, Jan Veselý, Tereza Voňavková, Richard Průša
The aim of this study was to develop an osteo-inductive resorbable layer allowing the controlled elution of antibiotics to be used as a bone/implant bioactive interface particularly in the case of prosthetic joint infections, or as a preventative procedure with respect to primary joint replacement at a potentially infected site. An evaluation was performed of the vancomycin release kinetics, antimicrobial efficiency and cytocompatibility of collagen/hydroxyapatite layers containing vancomycin prepared employing different hydroxyapatite concentrations...
January 27, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132713/effects-of-epigallocatechin-gallate-an-antibacterial-cross-linking-agent-on-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-cells-cultured-in-collagen-scaffolds
#18
Young-Sun Kwon, Hee-Jin Kim, Yun-Chan Hwang, Vinicius Rosa, Mi-Kyung Yu, Kyung-San Min
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), an antibacterial cross-linking agent, on the proliferation and differentiation of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) cultured in hydrogel collagen scaffolds. METHODS: The odontogenic differentiation induced by EGCG was evaluated by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and odontogenic-related gene expression using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The antibacterial effect of EGCG was investigated by a disc diffusion assay in comparison with glutaraldehyde...
February 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129292/persistent-epithelial-defects-and-corneal-opacity-after-collagen-cross-linking-with-substitution-of-dextran-t-500-with-dextran-sulfate-in-compounded-topical-riboflavin
#19
Roland Höllhumer, Stephanie Watson, Peter Beckingsale
PURPOSE: Collagen cross-linking (CXL) is a commonly performed procedure to prevent the progression of keratoconus. Riboflavin is an essential part of the procedure, which facilitates both the cross-linking process and protection of intraocular structures. Dextran can be added to riboflavin to create an isotonic solution. This case report highlights the importance of compounding riboflavin with the correct dextran solution. METHODS: A retrospective case series. RESULTS: Six eyes of 4 male patients with keratoconus aged from 20 to 38 years underwent CXL with substitution of 20% dextran (T-500) with 20% dextran sulfate in a compounded riboflavin 0...
March 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127737/new-insights-into-the-pros-and-cons-of-cross-linking-decellularized-bioartificial-organs
#20
Kamal H Hussein, Kyung-Mee Park, Yun-Suk Lee, Jae-Seok Woo, Byung-Jae Kang, Ki-Young Choi, Kyung-Sun Kang, Heung-Myong Woo
ABSTRACTDecellularization is an attractive method for scaffold designing in regenerative medicine. The resulting extracellular matrix (ECM) consists of structural proteins such as collagen and elastin, growth factors, and glycosaminoglycans, which can direct site-appropriate remodeling after in vivo implantation. Mainly, collagen and elastin of ECM are exposed to the enzymatic biodegradation in the host. To control the biodegradation process, treatment of decellularized tissue by a cross-linking agent is required...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
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