keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PET IN CHILDREN

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544629/household-pet-exposure-allergic-sensitization-and-rhinitis-in-the-u-s-population
#1
Josef Shargorodsky, Esther Garcia-Esquinas, Rachel Umanskiy, Ana Navas-Acien, Sandra Y Lin
BACKGROUND: The effect of animal dander exposure on allergic sensitization may be age-dependent. A comparison between the association of the levels of exposure to pet allergen with rhinitis symptoms and allergic sensitization in children and adults is yet to be performed in the U.S. POPULATION: HASH(0x35373c0) METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 3034 adults (age, 20 to 85 years) and 2104 children (age, 6 to 19 years) in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2006...
May 25, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534182/imaging-children-suffering-from-lymphoma-an-evaluation-of-different-18-f-fdg-pet-mri-protocols-compared-to-whole-body-dw-mri
#2
Julian Kirchner, Cornelius Deuschl, Bernd Schweiger, Ken Herrmann, Michael Forsting, Christian Buchbender, Gerald Antoch, Lale Umutlu
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to evaluate and compare the diagnostic potential of different PET/MRI reading protocols, entailing non-enhanced / contrast-enhanced and diffusion-weighted (18)F-FDG PET/MR imaging and whole-body diffusion-weighted MRI for lesion detection and determination of the tumor stage in pediatric lymphoma patients. METHODS: A total of 28 (18)F-FDG PET/MRI datasets were included for analysis of four different reading protocols: (1) PET/MRI utilizing sole unenhanced T2w and T1w imaging, (2) PET/MRI utilizing additional contrast enhanced sequences, (3) PET/MR imaging utilizing unenhanced, contrast enhanced and DW imaging or (4) WB-DW-MRI...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512714/comparison-of-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-pet-mri-to-pet-ct-acquired-fdg-brain-exams-for-seizure-focus-detection-a-prospective-study
#3
Michael J Paldino, Erica Yang, Jeremy Y Jones, Nadia Mahmood, Andrew Sher, Wei Zhang, Shireen Hayatghaibi, Ramkumar Krishnamurthy, Victor Seghers
BACKGROUND: There is great interest in positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance (MR) as a clinical tool due to its capacity to provide diverse diagnostic information in a single exam. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this exam is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of PET/MR-acquired [F-18]2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) brain exams to that of PET/CT with respect to identifying seizure foci in children with localization-related epilepsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional Review Board approval and informed consent were obtained for this Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant, prospective study...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508606/surgery-in-focal-congenital-hyperinsulinism-chi-the-hyperinsulinism-germany-international-experience-in-30-children
#4
Winfried Barthlen, Emine Varol, Susann Empting, Ilse Wieland, Martin Zenker, Wolfgang Mohnike, Silke Vogelgesang, Klaus Mohnike
OBJECTIVES: Results of surgery for focal CHI in 30 children PATIENTS AND METHODS: All showed an ABCC8 or KCNJ11 mutation. After PET/CT in 29 children and PET/MRT in 1 case, frozen-section guided resection was performed, in left-sided cases by laparoscopy. Mean age at surgery was 11.7 months (2-49). RESULTS: In 28/30 children, the PET/CT or MRT correlated with histopathology. In two cases, a focal lesion was undectable; one of these was cured, one not. In total, 24 children showed lesions with sizes of 5-12 mm...
December 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495911/intratumoral-injection-of-hsv1716-an-oncolytic-herpes-virus-is-safe-and-shows-evidence-of-immune-response-and-viral-replication-in-young-cancer-patients
#5
Keri A Streby, James I Geller, Mark A Currier, Patrick S Warren, John M Racadio, Alexander J Towbin, Michele R Vaughan, Melinda Triplet, Kristy Ott-Napier, Devon J Dishman, Lori R Backus, Beth Stockman, Marianne Brunner, Kathleen Simpson, Robert Spavin, Joe Conner, Timothy P Cripe
Purpose: HSV1716 is an oncolytic herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) studied in adults via injection into the brain and superficial tumors. To determine the safety of administering HSV1716 to pediatric patients with cancer, we conducted a phase I trial of image-guided injection in young patients with relapsed or refractory extracranial cancers.Experimental Design: We delivered a single dose of 10(5) to 10(7) infectious units of HSV1716 via computed tomography-guided intratumoral injection and measured tumor responses by imaging...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491488/dog-attachment-and-perceived-social-support-in-overweight-obese-and-healthy-weight-children
#6
Deborah E Linder, Jennifer M Sacheck, Farzad Noubary, Miriam E Nelson, Lisa M Freeman
The development of effective and sustainable interventions to treat childhood obesity remains both a priority and a challenge. Previous studies support that dogs provide social support in overweight adults in obesity interventions, but the child-dog relationship is not as well understood. The goal of the study was to examine the child-dog relationship among children to inform novel childhood obesity interventions including dogs. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Living Laboratory® at the Museum of Science, Boston in 2015...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490281/beyond-recovery
#7
Paul W C Wong, Kenny C T Lau, Lucia L Liu, Gloria S N Yuen, Poon Wing-Lok
It is a worldwide trend that more households are having pets or companion animals. Hence, there has been an increasing number of animal lovers experience companion animal loss bereavement. This form of bereavement has not been explored in Chinese societies. We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 31 animal lovers and recruited through convenience and snowball sampling in Hong Kong. Companion animal loss bereavement appears to share similar features to other forms of bereavement but also has its unique features...
June 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481256/childhood-attachment-to-pets-associations-between-pet-attachment-attitudes-to-animals-compassion-and-humane-behaviour
#8
Roxanne D Hawkins, Joanne M Williams, Scottish Society For The Prevention Of Cruelty To Animals Scottish Spca
Attachment to pets has an important role in children's social, emotional, and cognitive development, mental health, well-being, and quality of life. This study examined associations between childhood attachment to pets and caring and friendship behaviour, compassion, and attitudes towards animals. This study also examined socio-demographic differences, particularly pet ownership and pet type. A self-report survey of over one thousand 7 to 12 year-olds in Scotland, UK, revealed that the majority of children are strongly attached to their pets, but attachment scores differ depending on pet type and child gender...
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479192/predictors-of-emergency-department-use-in-children-with-persistent-asthma-in-metropolitan-atlanta-georgia
#9
Jeffery M Franklin, Jocelyn R Grunwell, Alice C Bruce, Robin C Smith, Anne M Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities are evident among children with asthma in the United States, with non-Hispanic black children at particularly high risk for poor asthma outcomes, including frequent emergency department (ED) use for asthma exacerbations. OBJECTIVE: To compare asthma features in non-Hispanic black vs white children in Atlanta, Georgia, and determine what clinical features predict future ED use for asthma. METHODS: Self-reported black and white children 6 to 17 years of age with persistent asthma treated with controller medications completed medical history questionnaires, lung function testing, aeroallergen sensitization testing, and venipuncture...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474704/seroprevalence-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-tc-and-risk-factors-in-colima-mexico
#10
Oscar Alberto Newton-Sánchez, Francisco Espinoza-Gómez, Valery Melnikov, Iván Delgado-Enciso, Fabián Rojas-Larios, Eric Dumonteil, Benjamín Trujillo-Hernández, Miriam de la Cruz-Ruiz
INTRODUCTION: The present study was conducted to estimate the incidence of seropositivity to anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies and analyze potential risk factors in Colima, on the western coast of Mexico. METHODOLOGY: Longitudinal studies of 209 subjects with negative serology in 1999 for anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies by hemagglutination inhibition test were tested again in 2005. At the same time, 716 children under six years of age were surveyed serologically (total n = 925); the history of Trypanosoma cruzi infection was determined by the same hemagglutination inhibition test...
March 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460796/the-financial-costs-behaviour-and-psychology-of-obesity-a-one-health-analysis
#11
REVIEW
E Bomberg, L Birch, N Endenburg, A J German, J Neilson, H Seligman, G Takashima, M J Day
People who are overweight or have obesity are estimated to comprise 30% of the global population and up to 59% of companion dogs and cats are estimated to be above their optimal body weight. The prevalence of human and companion obesity is increasing. The direct and indirect costs of obesity and associated comorbidities are significant for human and veterinary healthcare. There are numerous similarities between obesity in people and companion animals, likely related to the shared environmental and lifestyle elements of this multifactorial disease...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450072/contribution-of-clinical-neuroimaging-to-the-understanding-of-the-pharmacology-of-methylphenidate
#12
REVIEW
Luc Zimmer
Methylphenidate (MPH) is currently the most widely used molecule in the pharmacologic treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Although experience of its application now extends over several decades, its psychotropic nature, prolonged use in children, and chemical relation to amphetamines still raise doubts in the minds of prescribers and the families of the patients. Brain imaging has shed considerable light on the neuropharmacology of MPH. The two main in vivo neuroimaging techniques are positron-emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and these can be applied in both animal models and humans...
April 24, 2017: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439150/effect-of-pet-dogs-on-children-s-perceived-stress-and-cortisol-stress-response
#13
Darlene A Kertes, Jingwen Liu, Nathan J Hall, Natalie A Hadad, Clive D L Wynne, Samarth S Bhatt
The present study tested whether pet dogs have stress-buffering effects for children during a validated laboratory-based protocol, the Trier Social Stress Test for Children (TSST-C). Participants were 101 children aged 7-12 years with their primary caregivers and pet dogs. Children were randomly assigned in the TSST-C to a pet present condition or one of two comparison conditions: parent present or no support figure present. Baseline, response, and recovery indices of perceived stress and cortisol levels were computed based on children's self-reported feelings of stress and salivary cortisol...
May 2017: Social Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435146/prognostic-analysis-of-absolute-lymphocyte-and-monocyte-counts-after-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-refractory-or-relapsed-hodgkin-lymphoma
#14
Jorge Galvez Silva, Ossama M Maher, Minjeong Park, Diane Liu, Fiorela Hernandez, Priti Tewari, Yago Nieto
Previous studies in adults have shown that peripheral blood absolute lymphocyte and monocyte count ratio (ALC/AMC) after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) can predict outcome in patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). We retrospectively reviewed all of our children, adolescent, and young adult (CAYA) patients (age ≤26) who underwent transplantation for R/R HL between 2004 and 2015. Seventy-six patients (median age, 21; range, 10 to 26 years) who reached day 100 disease free were analyzed; 33% of them had positron emission tomography (PET)-positive tumors before ASCT...
April 20, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434272/wideband-acoustic-immittance-in-children-with-down-syndrome-prediction-of-middle-ear-dysfunction-conductive-hearing-loss-and-patent-pe-tubes
#15
Lisa L Hunter, Douglas H Keefe, M Patrick Feeney, David K Brown, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Alaaeldin M Elsayed, Julia M Amann, Vairavan Manickam, Denis Fitzpatrick, Sally R Shott
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate pressurised wideband acoustic immittance (WAI) tests in children with Down syndrome (DS) and in typically developing children (TD) for prediction of conductive hearing loss (CHL) and patency of pressure equalising tubes (PETs). DESIGN: Audiologic diagnosis was determined by audiometry in combination with distortion-product otoacoustic emissions, 0.226 kHz tympanometry and otoscopy. WAI results were compared for ears within diagnostic categories (Normal, CHL and PET) and between groups (TD and DS)...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432449/enteroparasitoses-and-toxocarosis-affecting-children-from-mar-del-plata-city-argentina
#16
Carla Lavallén, Beatriz Brignani, Karina Riesgo, Amalia Rojas, Gabriela Colace, Martín Biscaychipi, Estela Chicote, Cristian Giuntini, Mariela Kifer, María Eugenia Del Río, Guillermo Denegri, Marcela Dopchiz
This study evaluated the existence of enteroparasitoses and toxocarosis in children of peripheral (PC) and urban communities (UC) from Mar del Plata city (Argentina) and their associations with socio-environmental conditions. A Parasite Vulnerability Index (PVI) was elaborated using variables such as overcrowding, floor type, drinking water source, wastewater disposal, solid waste disposal, presence of animals and schooling level. The PC evidenced statistically significant higher frequencies of families with high (38...
April 21, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430740/low-dose-computed-tomography-scans-with-automatic-exposure-control-for-patients-of-different-ages-undergoing-cardiac-pet-ct-and-spect-ct
#17
Ching-Ching Yang, Bang-Hung Yang, Chun-Yuan Tu, Tung-Hsin Wu, Shu-Hsin Liu
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of automatic exposure control (AEC) in order to optimize low-dose computed tomography (CT) protocols for patients of different ages undergoing cardiac PET/CT and single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT). METHODS: One PET/CT and one SPECT/CT were used to acquire CT images for four anthropomorphic phantoms representative of 1-year-old, 5-year-old and 10-year-old children and an adult...
June 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427520/lymphoblastic-lymphoma
#18
REVIEW
Sergio Cortelazzo, Andrés Ferreri, Dieter Hoelzer, Maurilio Ponzoni
Lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) is a neoplasm of immature B cells committed to the B-(B-LBL) or T-cell lineage (T-LBL) that accounts for approximately 2% of all lymphomas. Although histological features are usually sufficient to distinguish lymphoblastic from mature B- or T-cell neoplasms, of greater importance for diagnosis is the characterization of immunophenotype by flow cytometry. LBL occurs more commonly in children than in adults, mostly in males. A bone marrow involvement <25% (or 20% according to WHO) formally distinguishes LBL from ALL...
May 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417858/-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-imaging-of-thoracic-and-extrathoracic-tuberculosis-in-children
#19
REVIEW
Matthieu Pelletier-Galarneau, Patrick Martineau, Lionel S Zuckier, Xuan Pham, Raymond Lambert, Sophie Turpin
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major health problem, affecting approximately one-third of the world׳s population. The tubercle bacillus can affect virtually any organ of the human body and if left untreated can lead to severe morbidity and death. Diagnosis of active TB is challenging, especially in children. As a "great imitator," the disease can mimic numerous other pathologies, both clinically and at imaging. Although recognition of active TB is crucial to initiate adequate treatment in a timely fashion, thereby preventing transmission of disease, differentiation of active and quiescent disease is not always straightforward...
May 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417857/nuclear-medicine-imaging-in-pediatric-infection-or-chronic-inflammatory-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Alberto Signore, Andor W J M Glaudemans, Olivier Gheysens, Chiara Lauri, Onofrio A Catalano
In this review article, we focus on the most recent applications of nuclear medicine techniques (mainly (99m)Tc/(111)In white blood cells (WBC) scan, [(18)F]-FDG-PET/CT, [(18)F]-FDG-PET/MRI, and (99m)Tc-IL-2 scintigraphy) in the study of children affected by peripheral bone osteomyelitis, fungal infections, inflammatory bowel diseases, and type 1 diabetes, owing to recent important published evidences of their role in the management of these diseases. For osteomyelitis in children, both bone scintigraphy and [(18)F]-FDG-PET have a major advantage of assessing the whole body in one imaging session to confirm or exclude multifocal involvement, whereas WBC scan has a limited role...
May 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
keyword
keyword
102684
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"