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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034522/parent-adolescent-discrepancies-in-perceived-parental-sacrifice-and-adolescent-developmental-outcomes-in-poor-chinese-families
#1
Janet T Y Leung
Parents and adolescents perceive family processes differently. This study examined how convergence and divergence of parent-perceived and adolescent-perceived parental sacrifice influenced adolescent developmental outcomes in a sample of 275 poor intact Chinese families in Hong Kong. The results of polynomial regression analyses indicated that the interaction of fathers' and adolescents' perceptions of paternal sacrifice negatively predicted adolescent resilience and cognitive competence. Similar findings were identified in maternal sacrifice...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029347/childhood-health-and-educational-outcomes-associated-with-maternal-sleep-apnea-a-population-record-linkage-study
#2
Yu Sun Bin, Peter A Cistulli, Christine L Roberts, Jane B Ford
Objectives: Sleep apnea in pregnancy is known to adversely affect birth outcomes. Whether in utero exposure to maternal sleep apnea is associated with long-term childhood consequences is unclear. Methods: Population-based longitudinal study of singleton infants born during 2002 to 2012 was conducted using linked birth, hospital, death, developmental, and educational records from New South Wales, Australia. Maternal sleep apnea during pregnancy was identified from hospital records...
October 5, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027617/zebrafish-as-a-model-to-study-neuroblastoma-development
#3
REVIEW
Mattie J Casey, Rodney A Stewart
Neuroblastoma is a pediatric solid tumor arising from embryonic neural crest progenitor cells that normally generate the peripheral sympathetic nervous system. As such, the location of neuroblastoma tumors is correlated with the distribution of major post-ganglionic clusters throughout the sympathetic chain, with the highest incidence in the adrenal medulla or lumbar sympathetic ganglia (~65%). Neuroblastoma is an enigmatic tumor that can spontaneously regress with minimal treatment or become highly metastatic and develop resistance to aggressive treatments, including radiation and high-dose chemotherapy...
October 13, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026562/developmental-progression-of-intellectual-disability-autism-and-epilepsy-in-a-child-with-an-iqsec2-gene-mutation
#4
Rachelle Zipper, Sherri D Baine, Jacob Genizi, Hen Maoz, Nina S Levy, Andrew P Levy
The neurodevelopmental progression of a school-aged child with a spontaneous IQSEC2 mutation has demonstrated apparent regression of milestones and language. Seizures associated with the disorder have been refractory to medical treatment. Late treatment of autism in this child has led to improved social skills.
October 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025171/-the-impact-of-macular-development-on-full-field-and-multifocal-erg-in-extremely-preterm-born-children-with-and-without-acute-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#5
Wadim Bowl, Silke Schweinfurth, Kerstin Holve, Knut Stieger, Birgit Lorenz, Monika Andrassi-Darida
Introduction Retinal development is a complex process that can continue into early childhood and beyond. Prematurity can affect the maturation of the central retina, characterised by a flatter foveal pit and overlying inner retinal layers (IRL), leading to a disturbed ratio of outer retinal layers to IRL ("macular developmental arrest": MDA) and functional impairment (Bowl et al. 2016 18). The purpose of this study was to correlate functional results by electrophysiology with the morphological appearance of the fovea in children with spontaneously regressed and without ROP and term-born age-matched controls...
October 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023517/developmental-delay-in-the-amazon-the-social-determinants-and-prevalence-among-rural-communities-in-peru
#6
Christopher Westgard, Yossef Alnasser
The consequences of poor child development are becoming increasingly recognized. Programs are being put in place around the world to improve child development by providing healthy and stimulating environments for children. However, these programs often have limited reach and little is known about the prevalence of developmental delay in under-developed communities. The current study set-out to better understand the prevalence of developmental delay in rural communities in the Amazon region of Peru. Also, it explores social determinants that are associated with any delay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018962/the-fetal-lung-to-liver-signal-intensity-ratio-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-as-a-predictor-of-outcomes-from-isolated-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#7
Masaya Yamoto, Teruo Iwazaki, Kasumi Takeuchi, Kyouhei Sano, Koji Fukumoto, Toshiaki Takahashi, Akiyoshi Nomura, Kei Ooyama, Akinori Sekioka, Yutaka Yamada, Naoto Urushihara
PURPOSE: We investigated the developmental changes in the unaffected contralateral lungs of patients with isolated left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) using signal intensity ratios on prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and determined whether these changes correlated with clinical outcomes. METHODS: We performed 47 fetal MRI screens on 30 patients with isolated left-sided CDH. A cohort of 88 fetuses was selected as the control. We calculated the lung-to-liver signal intensity ratio (LLSIR) using region of interest analysis and compared LLSIR between the groups and between those in the CDH group with good and poor prognoses...
October 10, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018072/association-between-home-visiting-interventions-and-first-nations-families-health-and-social-outcomes-in-manitoba-canada-protocol-for-a-study-of-linked-population-based-administrative-data
#8
Marni D Brownell, Nathan C Nickel, Jennifer E Enns, Mariette Chartier, Rhonda Campbell, Wanda Phillips-Beck, Dan Chateau, Elaine Burland, Rob Santos, Alan Katz
INTRODUCTION: First Nations people are descendants of Canada's original inhabitants. In consequence of historical and ongoing structural injustices, many First Nations families struggle with challenging living conditions, including high rates of poverty, poor housing conditions, mental illness and social isolation. These risk factors impede caregivers' abilities to meet their children's basic physical and psychosocial needs. Home visiting programmes were developed to support child developmental health in families facing parenting challenges...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994361/prediction-of-drug-abuse-recurrence-a-swedish-national-study
#9
K S Kendler, H Ohlsson, K Sundquist, J Sundquist
BACKGROUND: Relapse from drug abuse (DA) is common, but has rarely been studied in general population samples using a wide range of objective predictors. METHOD: Using nationwide registries, we ascertained 44 523 subjects first registered for DA between the ages of 15 and 40 in 1998 to 2004 and followed for 8 years. We predicted relapse in subjects defined as a second DA registration. We also predicted DA relapse in relative pairs concordant for DA but discordant for relapse...
October 10, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992538/health-lifestyles-across-the-transition-to-adulthood-implications-for-health
#10
Elizabeth M Lawrence, Stefanie Mollborn, Robert A Hummer
Research has long established the importance of individual health behaviors such as cigarette smoking for adult morbidity and mortality. However, we know little about how health behaviors cluster into health lifestyles among adolescents and young adults in the United States, or in turn, how such health lifestyles are associated with young adult health outcomes. This study establishes health lifestyles as distinct group phenomena at three developmental time points in a single cohort: late adolescence (ages 15-17), early adulthood (ages 20-24), and young adulthood (ages 26-31)...
September 23, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992512/predictors-of-having-a-first-child-taken-into-care-at-birth-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Leslie L Roos, Marni Brownell, Nathan C Nickel, Dan Chateau
The objective of this study is to determine which maternal events and diagnoses in the two years before childbirth are associated with higher risk for having a first child taken into care at birth by child protection services. A population-based retrospective cohort of women whose first child was born in Manitoba, Canada between 2002 and 2012 and lived in the province at least two years before the birth of their first child (n=53,565) was created using linkable administrative data. A logistic regression model determined the adjusted odds ratios (AOR) of having a child taken into care at birth...
October 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992000/differential-expression-of-neuregulin-1-nrg1-and-candidate-mirna-regulating-nrg1-transcription-in-the-chicken-oviduct-in-response-to-hormonal-changes
#12
W Jeong, H Bae, W Lim, F W Bazer, G Song
Neuregulin 1 (NRG1), a signaling protein that binds to members of the erythroblastoma (ErbB) family, is known to play essential biological roles in mediating cell-cell interactions and orchestrating vital cell functions in the heart and nervous system. NRG1 is closely associated with developmental processes in various organs and expression of several NRG1 isoforms are regulated by estrogen. However, expression and its hormonal regulation during development of the female reproductive tract remain unknown. The reproductive system of chickens undergoes dynamic morphological and functional changes in response to estrogen and the molting process...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988795/exposure-to-elemental-composition-of-outdoor-pm2-5-at-birth-and-cognitive-and-psychomotor-function-in-childhood-in-four-european-birth-cohorts
#13
Małgorzata J Lubczyńska, Jordi Sunyer, Henning Tiemeier, Daniela Porta, Monika Kasper-Sonnenberg, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Xavier Basagaña, Albert Dalmau-Bueno, Francesco Forastiere, Jürgen Wittsiepe, Barbara Hoffmann, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Gerard Hoek, Kees de Hoogh, Bert Brunekreef, Mònica Guxens
BACKGROUND: Little is known about developmental neurotoxicity of particulate matter composition. We aimed to investigate associations between exposure to elemental composition of outdoor PM2.5 at birth and cognitive and psychomotor functions in childhood. METHODS: We analyzed data from 4 European population-based birth cohorts in the Netherlands, Germany, Italy and Spain, with recruitment in 2000-2006. Elemental composition of PM2.5 measurements were performed in each region in 2008-2011 and land use regression models were used to predict concentrations at participants' residential addresses at birth...
October 5, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987566/urinary-level-of-triclosan-in-a-population-of-chinese-pregnant-women-and-its-association-with-birth-outcomes
#14
Wenqian Huo, Wei Xia, Chuansha Wu, Yingshuang Zhu, Bin Zhang, Yanjian Wan, Aifen Zhou, Zhenming Qian, Zhong Chen, Yangqian Jiang, Hongxiu Liu, Jie Hu, Bing Xu, Shunqing Xu, Yuanyuan Li
Triclosan (TCS) is a suspected endocrine disrupting chemical which is widely used in consumer products as an antibacterial agent. But findings in human studies focusing on the fetal developmental effects of prenatal TCS exposure were rare and inconsistent. This study aimed to determine maternal urinary TCS and investigate its association with birth outcomes. Pregnant women (n = 1006) were randomly selected from the prospective Healthy Baby Cohort (HBC) enrolled in 2014. TCS levels were determined in maternal urine samples collected at delivery and recorded birth outcomes were obtained from the medical records...
October 4, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986652/infant-development-and-pre-and-post-partum-depression-in-rural-south-african-hiv-infected-women
#15
Violeta J Rodriguez, Gladys Matseke, Ryan Cook, Seanna Bellinger, Stephen M Weiss, Maria L Alcaide, Karl Peltzer, Doyle Patton, Maria Lopez, Deborah L Jones
HIV-exposed infants born to depressed women may be at risk for adverse developmental outcomes. Half of HIV-infected women in rural South Africa (SA) may suffer from pregnancy-related depression. This pilot study examined the impact of depression in HIV-infected women in rural SA on infant development. Mother-infant dyads (N = 69) were recruited in rural SA. Demographics, HIV disclosure, depression, male involvement, and alcohol use at baseline (18.35 ± 5.47 weeks gestation) were assessed. Male involvement, depression, infant HIV serostatus and development were assessed 12 months postnatally...
October 6, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985908/effect-of-the-male-factor-on-the-clinical-outcome-of-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-combined-with-preimplantation-aneuploidy-testing-observational-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-1-219-consecutive-cycles
#16
Rossella Mazzilli, Danilo Cimadomo, Alberto Vaiarelli, Antonio Capalbo, Lisa Dovere, Erminia Alviggi, Ludovica Dusi, Carlo Foresta, Francesco Lombardo, Andrea Lenzi, Herman Tournaye, Carlo Alviggi, Laura Rienzi, Filippo Maria Ubaldi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the male factor on the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles combined with preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies (PGT-A). DESIGN: Observational longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Private in vitro fertilization (IVF) center. PATIENT(S): A total of 1,219 oocyte retrievals divided into five study groups according to sperm parameters: normozoospermia (N), moderate male factor (MMF), severe oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT-S), obstructive azoospermia (OA), and nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA)...
October 3, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983939/the-association-between-pediatric-injury-risks-and-parenting-behaviours
#17
M L Jaques, T L Weaver, N L Weaver, L Willoughby
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death in children ages 1-18 years. Many of these injuries to young children occur in their own homes. Although research has explored injury risk prevention strategies, historically, much of this research has focused on environmental changes and teaching safety practices. Currently, there appears to be a gap in current research exploring how parenting influences children's risk of injury. METHODS: Mothers (n = 119) of children 5 years and younger were recruited from a paediatric clinic as a part of a larger study and completed measures of parenting challenges, developmentally sensitive parenting, child neglect, parental efficacy, and risk of potential injury situations...
October 6, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983797/clinical-factors-associated-with-decision-to-recommend-methylphenidate-treatment-for-children-with-adhd-in-france
#18
Elodie Courtabessis, Florence Pupier, Laurie Surig, Marie-Christine Picot, Erika Nogué, Valérie Macioce, Elizabeth Stein, Diane Purper-Ouakil
European guidelines advise on best practices for the diagnosis and non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study aimed to (1) assess whether clinician's decisions to initiate methylphenidate treatment in children diagnosed with ADHD are in accordance with European guidelines and (2) identify clinical factors associated with the decision to recommend methylphenidate prescription. 5 to 13-year-old patients with an ADHD diagnosis were consecutively evaluated in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry clinic in France...
October 5, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981829/forensically-important-boettcherisca-peregrina-diptera-sarcophagidae-in-china-development-pattern-and-significance-for-estimating-postmortem-interval
#19
Y Wang, J F Wang, Y N Zhang, L Y Tao, M Wang
Sarcosaprophagous flesh flies are insect species frequently found on corpses, and their developmental patterns can be used as reliable indicators for estimating minimum postmortem interval (PMImin). In this study, the Boettcherisca peregrina Robineau-Desvoidy was reared at seven constant temperatures ranging from 16 to 34 °C to investigate the indexes of development duration and larval body length. Using these results, we generated three development models, including isomorphen diagram, isomegalen diagram, and thermal summation model...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977620/case-series-of-infantile-tremor-syndrome-in-tertiary-care-paediatric-centre-from-southern-india
#20
Vykuntaraju K Gowda, Vinyasa Kolli, Asha Benakappa, Varunvenkat M Srinivasan, Sanjay K Shivappa, Naveen Benakappa
Introduction: Infantile tremor syndrome (ITS) is characterized by anaemia, skin depigmentation, tremors and developmental delay. The lack of sufficient literature on ITS and its conflicting association with vitamin B12 deficiency made us present this article. Objective: The objective of this study is to describe demographic, clinical and laboratory profile and outcome of ITS. Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of all children presenting with typical features of ITS attending a tertiary paediatric centre in southern India between January 2014 and January 2017...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
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