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nutritional epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343194/lipid-metabolism-and-feeding-habits-of-indigenous-peoples-of-the-sakha-republic-yakutia-in-today-s-socio-economic-development
#1
Vadim G Krivoshapkin, Anna I Sivtseva, Elena N Sivtseva, Svetlana S Maximova, Leonid F Timofeev, Aytalina S Golderova
INTRODUCTION: By results of a single-step epidemiological research indicators of a lipid range at 355 Evenks of the Olenyoksky District of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) are estimated. The aim of this research was assessment of lipid exchange and character of a delivery of Evenks of the item of Zhilinda. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 355 evenks aged over 20 years (170 men, women-185). Total cholesterol (OCHS), cholesterol (low-density lipoproteins (LDL-CHOLESTEROL), highdensity lipoprotein cholesterol ((XC-LVNP), triglycerides (TG), the calculated coefficient of haemoglobin (Ka)...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342139/exploring-the-link-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-inflammation-related-medical-conditions-an-epidemiological-examination
#2
Jack Tsai, Jianxun Shen
There have been few epidemiological studies exploring the link between PTSD and inflammation using population-based samples. This study examined the relation between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and inflammation-related medical conditions using data from the 2013-2014 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Using a representative sample of 1,527 residents in New York City, the association between PTSD and 17 inflammation-related medical conditions were examined. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted, adjusting for demographic characteristics and lifetime depression...
March 25, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338487/the-evolution-of-disease-chronic-lung-disease-of-infancy-and-pulmonary-hypertension
#3
Michael C Tracy, David N Cornfield
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or chronic lung disease of infancy BPD was originally described 50 years ago, in 1967 by Northway et al. This article possesses two fundamental objectives to provide: a brief historical perspective on BPD; and an update relative to current notions of epidemiology, pathophysiology, evaluation, and clinical management of BPD complicated by vascular disease. The review highlights areas of consensus and ongoing uncertainty. RECENT FINDINGS: The clinical cause and presentation of infants with BPD has evolved over the past several decades...
March 23, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336557/catechins-as-potential-mediators-of-cardiovascular-health
#4
REVIEW
Daniel R Mangels, Emile R Mohler
The impact of diet on cardiovascular disease has become an increasingly relevant topic as ongoing epidemiological evidence continues to demonstrate clear associations with disease burden and mortality. Certain diets, such as those high in sodium and saturated fat, are associated with cardiovascular disease states, while other diets can be cardioprotective. However, there is limited knowledge on how the micro- and macronutrients within such cardioprotective diets afford their benefits. One such micronutrient is the catechin class, which are naturally occurring compounds in plant foods, such as teas, cocoa, wine, pears, and apples...
March 23, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335546/dietary-protein-and-amino-acid-supplementation-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-course-what-impact-on-the-colonic-mucosa
#5
REVIEW
Sandra Vidal-Lletjós, Martin Beaumont, Daniel Tomé, Robert Benamouzig, François Blachier, Annaïg Lan
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), after disease onset, typically progress in two cyclically repeated phases, namely inflammatory flare and remission, with possible nutritional status impairment. Some evidence, either from epidemiological, clinical, and experimental studies indicate that the quantity and the quality of dietary protein consumption and amino acid supplementation may differently influence the IBD course according to the disease phases. For instance, although the dietary protein needs for mucosal healing after an inflammatory episode remain undetermined, there is evidence that amino acids derived from dietary proteins display beneficial effects on this process, serving as building blocks for macromolecule synthesis in the wounded mucosal area, energy substrates, and/or precursors of bioactive metabolites...
March 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333547/food-and-mood-diet-quality-is-inversely-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-in-female-university-students
#6
Rachel Quehl, Jess Haines, Stephen P Lewis, Andrea C Buchholz
Researchers have found support for an inverse association between diet quality and depressive symptoms in middle-aged adults. This association has not been well examined among university students, a population at risk of developing both depression and unhealthy lifestyle habits. We sought to examine the cross-sectional association between depressive symptoms and diet quality in female university students. One hundred and forty-one females (19.1 ± 1.5 years, 22.3 ± 3.4 kg/m(2)) were recruited from a Canadian university in 2012 and 2013...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332359/burdens-of-cardiometabolic-diseases-attributable-to-dietary-and-metabolic-risks-in-korean-adults-2012-2013
#7
Yoonsu Cho, Frederick Cudhea, Ju Hyun Park, Dariush Mozaffarian, Gitanjali Singh, Min Jeong Shin
PURPOSE: In line with epidemiological and sociocultural changes in Korea over the past decades, reliable estimation of diseases as a result of dietary and metabolic risks is required. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the contributions of dietary and metabolic factors to cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs) in Korean adults (25-64 years old) during 2012-2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Distribution of risk factors and cause-specific mortality by gender and age per year was obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and Statistics Korea, respectively...
May 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325597/relationships-between-acrylamide-and-glycidamide-hemoglobin-adduct-levels-and-allergy-related-outcomes-in-general-us-population-nhanes-2005-2006
#8
Jing Guo, Dongdong Yu, Na Lv, Rongpan Bai, Chunjing Xu, Guangdi Chen, Weiming Cao
BACKGROUND: Acrylamide-induced immunotoxicity and allergic dermatitis have been reported in animal experiments and clinical reports, respectively. However, epidemiological evidence from the general population is limited. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to estimate the associations between acrylamide exposure and allergy-related outcomes in the general US population. METHODS: A total of 6982 subjects were selected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006 (NHANES)...
March 18, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320479/correlates-of-circulating-ovarian-cancer-early-detection-markers-and-their-contribution-to-discrimination-of-early-detection-models-results-from-the-epic-cohort
#9
Renée T Fortner, Allison F Vitonis, Helena Schock, Anika Hüsing, Theron Johnson, Raina N Fichorova, Titilayo Fashemi, Hidemi S Yamamoto, Anne Tjønneland, Louise Hansen, Kim Overvad, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Marina Kvaskoff, Gianluca Severi, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Vassiliki Benetou, Carlo La Vecchia, Domenico Palli, Sabina Sieri, Rosario Tumino, Giuseppe Matullo, Amalia Mattiello, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Petra H Peeters, Elisabete Weiderpass, Inger Torhild Gram, Mie Jareid, J Ramón Quirós, Eric J Duell, Maria-Jose Sánchez, María Dolores Chirlaque, Eva Ardanaz, Nerea Larrañaga, Björn Nodin, Jenny Brändstedt, Annika Idahl, Kay-Tee Khaw, Naomi Allen, Marc Gunter, Mattias Johansson, Laure Dossus, Melissa A Merritt, Elio Riboli, Daniel W Cramer, Rudolf Kaaks, Kathryn L Terry
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer early detection markers CA125, CA15.3, HE4, and CA72.4 vary between healthy women, limiting their utility for screening. METHODS: We evaluated cross-sectional relationships between lifestyle and reproductive factors and these markers among controls (n = 1910) from a nested case-control study in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Improvements in discrimination of prediction models adjusting for correlates of the markers were evaluated among postmenopausal women in the nested case-control study (n = 590 cases)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319485/recent-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-not-the-same-old-song
#10
Raymond K Hsu, Neil R Powe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aim to review recent updates on the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD). RECENT FINDINGS: Recent analyses from the National Health and Nutritional Examination survey describe the temporal trend in CKD prevalence in US adults. The overall prevalence of estimated glomerular filtration rate less than 60 ml/min/1.73 m increased from 4.8% in 1988-1994 to 6.9% in 2003-2004, but has since stabilized at 6.4-6.9% up to 2011-2012. Prevalence of CKD stages 1-4 has also stabilized at ∼14% of adults since 2003-2004...
March 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300336/the-second-epidemiologic-transition-on-the-brink-what-we-can-learn-from-the-island-of-newfoundland-during-the-early-20th-century
#11
Dana M Schmidt, Lisa Sattenspiel
OBJECTIVES: We aim to understand how the second epidemiologic transition unfolded on the island of Newfoundland during the early 20th century. The focus is on changes in predominant causes of mortality throughout this period, urban and rural differences, and comparisons with other Western nations. We explore factors driving these patterns including the economy, nutrition, sanitation, and access to healthcare and discuss their relevance to understanding epidemiologic transitions in other developing regions...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290343/a-giant-urinary-bladder-stone-in-the-mummy-of-lebanese-maronite-patriarch-joseph-tyan-1760-1820-and-its-environmental-and-nutritional-implications
#12
L Capasso, M Licata, A Pinto, F Fernianos, T Azizi, L Manzoli, D Centrella, R D'anastasio
INTRODUCTION: Historical sources and anthropological investigations, with the indispensable support of radiology, bring to light pathological evidence of the past. CASE PRESENTATION: The purpose of this article is to present the radiological investigation conducted on the mummy of the Maronite Joseph Tyan (1760-1820), a famous patriarch who guided the Lebanese Maronite community during a critical period of its history. The natural mummy of the Patriarch was temporarily removed from its burial site to certify the degree of preservation...
February 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289069/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-fish-oil-supplementation-and-the-prevention-of-clinical-cardiovascular-disease-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#13
REVIEW
David S Siscovick, Thomas A Barringer, Amanda M Fretts, Jason H Y Wu, Alice H Lichtenstein, Rebecca B Costello, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Terry A Jacobson, Mary B Engler, Heather M Alger, Lawrence J Appel, Dariush Mozaffarian
Multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have assessed the effects of supplementation with eicosapentaenoic acid plus docosahexaenoic acid (omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, commonly called fish oils) on the occurrence of clinical cardiovascular diseases. Although the effects of supplementation for the primary prevention of clinical cardiovascular events in the general population have not been examined, RCTs have assessed the role of supplementation in secondary prevention among patients with diabetes mellitus and prediabetes, patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease, and those with prevalent coronary heart disease...
March 13, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285312/world-perspective-on-the-epidemiology-of-stunting-between-1990-and-2015%C3%A2
#14
Susan C Campisi, Arlin Mary Cherian, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Stunting is the most prevalent form of child undernutrition with current worldwide estimates at 156 million. The majority of these children reside in low- and middle-income countries. When stunting prevails to adulthood, optimal growth potential and economic productivity are minimized. RESULTS: In 2015 there were 98.5 million fewer stunted children under 5 years of age than in 1990. In East Asia and Pacific and South Asia, the stunting prevalence decreased by 24...
March 10, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284525/mixed-methods-research-in-nutrition-and-dietetics
#15
Jamie Zoellner, Jeffrey E Harris
This work focuses on mixed-methods research (MMR) and is the 11th in a series exploring the importance of research design, statistical analysis, and epidemiologic methods as applied to nutrition and dietetics research. MMR research is an investigative technique that applies both quantitative and qualitative data. The purpose of this article is to define MMR; describe its history and nature; provide reasons for its use; describe and explain the six different MMR designs; describe sample selection; and provide guidance in data collection, analysis, and inference...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283938/seasonal-variation-in-internet-searches-for-vitamin-d
#16
Rebecca J Moon, Elizabeth M Curtis, Justin H Davies, Cyrus Cooper, Nicholas C Harvey
Internet search rates for "vitamin D" were explored using Google Trends. Search rates increased from 2004 until 2010 and thereafter displayed a seasonal pattern peaking in late winter. This knowledge could help guide the timing of public health interventions aimed at managing vitamin D deficiency. PURPOSE: The Internet is an important source of health information. Analysis of Internet search activity rates can provide information on disease epidemiology, health related behaviors and public interest...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282063/lower-urinary-cotinine-level-is-associated-with-a-trend-toward-more-myopic-refractive-errors-in-korean-adolescents
#17
G E Nam, B E Hwang, Y-C Lee, J-S Paik, S-W Yang, Y-H Chun, K Han, Y G Park, S H Park
PurposeTo investigate the association between urinary cotinine levels as an objective biological marker for exposure to nicotine and refractive status.Patients and methodsThis cross-sectional study analyzed data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2008 and 2011. A total of 1139 Korean adolescents aged 12-18 years were enrolled. Urinary cotinine concentrations and other potential risk factors for myopia were examined. Correlation analyses and multivariate regression analysis were performed to investigate the association between urinary cotinine level and refractive error...
March 10, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276106/provocative-ideas-on-human-placental-biology-a-prerequisite-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-neonatal-health-challenges
#18
REVIEW
Shilpi Sehgal, Shinjini Bhatnagar, S K Pallavi
A 2-day invite-only meeting on generating "Provocative Ideas on human placental research" was organized on 1-2 December 2015 at the Translational Health Science and Technology Institute, Faridabad. This meeting was sponsored by Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Govt. of India. The objectives of this meeting were the critical evaluation of placental physiology and its development. Special emphasis was placed on understanding the consequences and implications of placental development in sustenance of pregnancy and in pregnancy-associated complications such as preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, and preterm birth...
March 9, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275099/the-mediterranean-diet-score-is-more-strongly-associated-with-favorable-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-over-2-years-than-other-diet-quality-indexes-in-puerto-rican-adults
#19
Josiemer Mattei, Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Sherman J Bigornia, Sabrina E Noel, Katherine L Tucker
Background: Multiple diet quality scores have been used to evaluate adherence to specific dietary recommendations or to consumption of healthful foods and nutrients. It remains unknown which score can more strongly predict longitudinal changes in cardiometabolic risk factors.Objective: We aimed to determine associations of 5 diet quality scores [AHA diet score (AHA-DS), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2005, Mediterranean diet score (MeDS), and Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI)] with 2-y changes in cardiometabolic risk factors in adults 45-75 y old...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273265/-a-critical-evaluation-of-food-programs-in-argentina
#20
Enrique O Abeyá Gilardon
Argentina has an over 60-year history of food programs which have received few to no evaluations, even considering the highly important epidemiological and social changes that have occurred in the target population. In this article, nationwide State-run food programs with the objective of contributing to the food security of the families in greatest need are reviewed, the nutritional situation of the target population is reassessed, and arguments for analyzing current programs using a typology based in the components of food security are proposed...
October 2016: Salud Colectiva
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