keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peripheral

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936497/pro-inflammatory-cytokine-ifn%C3%AE-and-microbiome-derived-metabolites-dictate-epigenetic-switch-between-foxp3-isoforms-in-celiac-disease-regulation-of-foxp3-isoforms-in-celiac-disease
#1
Gloria Serena, Shu Yan, Stephanie Camhi, Shilpi Patel, Rosiane S Lima, Anna Sapone, Maureen M Leonard, Rupa Mukherjee, Barbara J Nath, Karen M Lammers, Alessio Fasano
Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune enteropathy triggered by gluten and characterized by a strong Th1/Th17 immune response in the small intestine. Treg cells are CD4(+) CD25(++) FOXP3(+) cells that regulate the immune response. Conversely to its counterpart, FOXP3 full length (FL), the alternatively spliced isoform FOXP3 Δ2 cannot properly down-regulate Th17 driven immune response. Since the active state of CD has been associated with impairments in Treg cell function, we aimed at determining whether imbalances between FOXP3 isoforms may be associated with the disease...
December 9, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936488/ro52-trim21-deficient-expression-and-function-in-different-subsets-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-is-associated-with-a-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-response-in-patients-with-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathies
#2
D Gómez-Martín, A S Galindo-Feria, A Barrera-Vargas, J Merayo-Chalico, G Juárez-Vega, J Torres-Ruiz, J Alcocer-Varela
The presence of anti-Ro52/Trim21 autoantibodies has been associated with a distinctive clinical profile and has gained value as a prognostic marker in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). The aim of the present work was to analyze Ro52/Trim21 expression in different subsets of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with IIM, as well as the ubiquitination profile and its association with pro-inflammatory cytokine production. We included 18 patients with recent onset IIM and 18 age and gender-matched healthy donors...
December 9, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936218/a-key-role-for-inhibins-in-dendritic-cell-maturation-and-function
#3
Roxana Olguín-Alor, Marisol de la Fuente-Granada, Laura C Bonifaz, Laura Antonio-Herrera, Eduardo A García-Zepeda, Gloria Soldevila
Inhibins are members of the TGFβ superfamily, which regulate many cellular processes including differentiation, proliferation, survival and apoptosis. Although initially described as hormones regulating the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis, based on their ability to antagonize Activins, our group has recently reported that they play a role in thymocyte differentiation and survival, as well as in thymic stromal cell maturation and nTreg generation. Here, we used Inhibin knock out mice (Inhα-/-) to investigate the role of Inhibins in peripheral dendritic cell maturation and function...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936140/time-dependent-regulation-of-il-2r-%C3%AE-chain-cd25-expression-by-tcr-signal-strength-and-il-2-induced-stat5-signaling-in-activated-human-blood-t-lymphocytes
#4
Alla N Shatrova, Elena V Mityushova, Irina O Vassilieva, Nikolay D Aksenov, Valery V Zenin, Nikolay N Nikolsky, Irina I Marakhova
The expression of the IL-2R α-chain (IL-2Rα) is regulated at the transcriptional level via TCR- and IL-2R-signaling. The question is how to precede in time the activation signals to induce the IL-2Rα expression in native primary T cells. By comparing the effects of selective drugs on the dynamics of CD25 expression during the mitogen stimulation of human peripheral blood lymphocytes, we identified distinct Src- and JAK-dependent stages of IL-2Rα upregulation. PP2, a selective inhibitor of TCR-associated Src kinase, prevents CD25 expression at initial stages of T cell activation, prior to the cell growth...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936119/anti-tnf-%C3%AE-drugs-differently-affect-the-tnf%C3%AE-stnfr-system-and-monocyte-subsets-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#5
Lara Gibellini, Sara De Biasi, Elena Bianchini, Regina Bartolomeo, Antonella Fabiano, Marco Manfredini, Federica Ferrari, Giuseppe Albertini, Tommaso Trenti, Milena Nasi, Marcello Pinti, Anna Iannone, Carlo Salvarani, Andrea Cossarizza, Giovanni Pellacani
TNF-α has a central role in the development and maintenance of psoriatic plaques, and its serum levels correlate with disease activity. Anti-TNF-α drugs are, however, ineffective in a relevant percentage of patients for reasons that are currently unknown. To understand whether the response to anti-TNF-α drugs is influenced by the production of anti-drug antibodies or by the modulation of the TNFα-TNFα receptor system, and to identify changes in monocyte phenotype and activity, we analysed 119 psoriatic patients who either responded or did not respond to different anti-TNF-α therapies (adalimumab, etanercept or infliximab), and measured plasma levels of TNF-α, TNF-α soluble receptors, drug and anti-drug antibodies...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936032/the-rfc1-80g-a-among-common-one-carbon-polymorphisms-relates-to-survival-rate-according-to-dna-global-methylation-in-primary-liver-cancers
#6
Sara Moruzzi, Silvia Udali, Andrea Ruzzenente, Alfredo Guglielmi, Patrizia Guarini, Nicola Martinelli, Simone Conci, Filippo Mazzi, Patrizia Pattini, Stephanie A Tammen, Oliviero Olivieri, Francesca Pizzolo, Sang-Woon Choi, Simonetta Friso
Polymorphisms within one-carbon metabolism genes have been largely studied in relation to cancer risk for the function of this pathway in nucleotide synthesis and DNA methylation. Aims of this study were to explore the possible link among several common functional gene polymorphisms within one-carbon metabolism and survival rate in primary liver cancers, i.e., hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma, and to assess the additional effect of global DNA methylation on survival rate and mortality risk. Forty-seven primary liver cancer patients were genotyped for ten polymorphisms: DHFR 19bp ins/del, TS 2rpt-3rpt, MTHFD1 1958G>A, MTHFR 677C>T, MTR 2756A>G, MTRR 66A>G, RFC1 80G>A, SHMT1 1420C>T, BHMT 716 A>G, TC II 776C>G...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935973/the-effects-of-compensatory-scanning-training-on-mobility-in-patients-with-homonymous-visual-field-defects-further-support-predictive-variables-and-follow-up
#7
Gera A de Haan, Bart J M Melis-Dankers, Wiebo H Brouwer, Oliver Tucha, Joost Heutink
INTRODUCTION: People with homonymous visual field defects (HVFD) often report difficulty detecting obstacles in the periphery on their blind side in time when moving around. Recently, a randomized controlled trial showed that the InSight-Hemianopia Compensatory Scanning Training (IH-CST) specifically improved detection of peripheral stimuli and avoiding obstacles when moving around, especially in dual task situations. METHOD: The within-group training effects of the previously reported IH-CST are examined in an extended patient group...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935970/sanshool-on-the-fingertip-interferes-with-vibration-detection-in-a-rapidly-adapting-ra-tactile-channel
#8
Scinob Kuroki, Nobuhiro Hagura, Shin'ya Nishida, Patrick Haggard, Junji Watanabe
An Asian spice, Szechuan pepper (sanshool), is well known for the tingling sensation it induces on the mouth and on the lips. Electrophysiological studies have revealed that its active ingredient can induce firing of mechanoreceptor fibres that typically respond to mechanical vibration. Moreover, a human behavioral study has reported that the perceived frequency of sanshool-induced tingling matches with the preferred frequency range of the tactile rapidly adapting (RA) channel, suggesting the contribution of sanshool-induced RA channel firing to its unique perceptual experience...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935936/understanding-peripheral-bat-populations-using-maximum-entropy-suitability-modeling
#9
Paul R Barnhart, Erin H Gillam
Individuals along the periphery of a species distribution regularly encounter more challenging environmental and climatic conditions than conspecifics near the center of the distribution. Due to these potential constraints, individuals in peripheral margins are expected to change their habitat and behavioral characteristics. Managers typically rely on species distribution maps when developing adequate management practices. However, these range maps are often too simplistic and do not provide adequate information as to what fine-scale biotic and abiotic factors are driving a species occurrence...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935933/comprehensive-diabetes-and-non-communicable-disease-educator-in-the-low-resource-settings
#10
M D Bhattarai
The role of self-management education in diabetes and other major non-communicable diseases is clearly evident. To take care of and educate people with diabetes and other major NCD under the supervision of medical professionals and for education of other health care professionals, Comprehensive Diabetes and NCD Educators are needed in the routine service in peripheral health clinics and hospitals. The areas of training of CDNCD educator should match with the cost-effective interventions for diabetes and other major NCD that are feasible and planned for implementation in primary care in the low resource settings...
April 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935898/-conservative-treatment-of-patients-with-peripheral-artery-diseases-possibilities-and-existing-problems
#11
S V Sapelkin, M R Kuznetsov
With due regard to the requirements of evidence-based medicine, the article contains a review of present-day positions concerning conservative therapy in patients with peripheral artery diseases and chronic arterial ischaemia, represented in the latest Russian and foreign consensus documents, showing importance of bringing the basic provisions of the consensus documents to the notice of practical health-care providers with the aim of working out more effective therapeutic regimens. Some sections of the guidelines regarding the duration of treatment, among the number, require definite specification with the wording of more clear-cut practical conclusions...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935895/-structural-alterations-of-a-biological-prosthesis
#12
N G Khorev, V O Kon'kova, A V Beller, E V Borovikov, Ya N Shoikhet
The authors studied dilatation of a biological prosthesis (a specially treated xenograft made of bovine arteries) used as a femoropopliteal bypass in patients presenting with diseases of peripheral arteries. Structural alterations (ectasia) were examined in a total of 15 patients within the terms varying from 1 year to 7 years after the operation, resulting in working out a methodology of calculating structural changes of the conduit with characteristics of the composite index of dilatation of the conduit. The presence of aneurysmatically dilated portions whose dimension exceeded the initial size of the xenograft 3-4-fold did not influence the long-term patency of the shunt with preserved blood flow approximated to the major one...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935878/-five-year-results-of-treating-patients-with-chronic-lower-limb-ischaemia-by-means-of-gene-engineering
#13
Yu V Chervyakov, I N Staroverov, O N Vlasenko, I Ya Bozo, A A Isaev, R V Deev
The authors share their experience in comprehensive conservative treatment of patients presenting with chronic lower limb ischaemia (CLLI) associated with atherosclerosis of peripheral arteries by means of the first Russian registered gene therapeutic agent "Neovasculgen" (plasmid with the vegf165 gene), analysing the long-term outcomes of treating a total of 45 patients with stage II and III CLLI according to the classification of Pokrovsky-Fontain. The patients were followed up for 5 years. Efficacy of treatment was assessed by registering the dynamics of the pain-free walking distance (PFWD), linear blood velocity (LBV), ankle-brachial index (ABI), as well as the limb salvage rate and survival of patients...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935876/-concentration-of-matrix-metalloproteinases-and-magnesium-ions-in-patients-with-varicose-veins-of-lower-limbs
#14
R E Kalinin, I A Suchkov, A S Pshennikov, A A Kamaev, N D Mzhavanadze
The study was aimed at investigating alterations in the concentration of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1, MMP-9) and the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), as well as the level of magnesium ions (Mg(2+)) as an indicator of connective tissue dysplasia (CTD) in patients presenting with lower limb varicose veins. The study included a total of 110 people. Of these, the Study Group comprised 90 patients with lower limb varicose veins of clinical class C2-C6 (according to the CEAP classification) and the Control Group was composed of 20 apparently healthy volunteers...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935644/to-reverse-or-not-to-reverse-a-systematic-review-of-autograft-polarity-on-functional-outcomes-following-peripheral-nerve-repair-surgery
#15
REVIEW
S E Roberts, S Thibaudeau, J C Burrell, E L Zager, D K Cullen, L S Levin
BACKGROUND: The literature describing the best clinical practice for proximal-distal autograft orientation, otherwise known as nerve graft polarity, is inconsistent. With existing disparities in the peripheral nerve literature, the clinical question remains whether reversing nerve autograft polarity bears an advantage for nerve regeneration. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature using Embase and PubMed databases (1940-June 2015) was performed to retrieve all original articles on the effects of nerve autograft polarity on nerve regeneration and functional recovery following primary repair of peripheral nerve defects...
December 9, 2016: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935604/ocular-characteristics-associated-with-the-location-of-focal-lamina-cribrosa-defects-in-open-angle-glaucoma-patients
#16
H-Yl Park, Y S Hwang, C K Park
PurposeTo investigate the clinical characteristics according to the location of focal lamina cribrosa (LC) defects and its associated ocular features.Patients and methodsA total of 139 open-angle glaucoma patients underwent Spectralis optical coherence tomography (OCT) with enhanced depth imaging. Alterations in the contour of the LC were investigated to find focal LC defects. The location of the visible LC defect from the neural canal wall (far-peripheral and mid-peripheral) and clock-hour position (superotemporal, temporal and inferotemporal) were classified...
December 9, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935558/evaluation-of-body-temperature-in%C3%A2-individuals-with-stroke
#17
Fábio Marcon Alfieri, Ayrton Roberto Massaro, Thais Raquel Filippo, Leslie Andrews Portes, Linamara Rizzo Battistella
BACKGROUND: A stroke can cause alterations in thermal sensitivity. OBJECTIVE: to verify the conditions of body temperature in hemiplegic patients after stroke as compared to healthy individuals, as well as establish relations between thermal sensitivity and gender, age, Body Mass Index (BMI), plegic side, time after stroke, reports of thermal alterations and the motricity of patients with stroke sequelae. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 100 patients (55...
December 8, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935556/elevation-of-peripheral-bdnf-promoter-methylation-predicts-conversion-from-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-alzheimer-s-disease-a-5-year-longitudinal-study
#18
Bing Xie, Yao Xu, Zanchao Liu, Wenxuan Liu, Lei Jiang, Rui Zhang, Dongsheng Cui, Qingfu Zhang, Shunjiang Xu
Epigenetic aberrations have been identified as biomarkers to predict the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study aimed to evaluate whether altered DNA methylation status of BDNF promoter could be used as potential epigenetic biomarkers for predicting the progression from amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) to AD. A total of 506 aMCI patients and 728 cognitively normal controls were recruited in the cross-sectional analyses. Patients (n = 458) from aMCI cohort were classified into two groups after 5-year follow-up: aMCI-stable group (n = 330) and AD-conversion group (n = 128)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935520/effect-of-fructose-consumption-on-insulin-sensitivity-in-nondiabetic-subjects-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diet-intervention-trials
#19
Kasper W Ter Horst, Merle R Schene, Rebecca Holman, Johannes A Romijn, Mireille J Serlie
BACKGROUND: High fructose consumption has been suggested to contribute to several features of metabolic syndrome including insulin resistance, but to our knowledge, no previous meta-analyses have investigated the effect of fructose on insulin sensitivity in nondiabetic subjects. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled diet-intervention studies in nondiabetic subjects to determine the effect of fructose on insulin sensitivity. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library for relevant trials on the basis of predetermined eligibility criteria...
December 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935220/nuclear-co-repressor-ncor-is-required-to-maintain-insulin-sensitivity-in-c2-c12-myotubes
#20
Abhijeet K Choudhary, Chinmoy S Dey
Nuclear co-repressor (NCoR) regulate peripheral insulin sensitivity, however its role in modulating insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle remains elusive. Present study investigated protein expression and effect of NCoR on insulin sensitivity in murine skeletal muscle cell line C2 C12 . Myotubes as compared to myoblasts of C2 C12 cells was found to be more sensitive in response to insulin as increase in insulin stimulated phosphorylation of AKT at serine 473 residue (pAKT(S473) ) was significantly higher in myotubes...
December 9, 2016: Cell Biology International
keyword
keyword
10266
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"