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Smoking pancreatitis

Jakob Kirkegård, Deirdre Cronin-Fenton, Uffe Heide-Jørgensen, Frank Viborg Mortensen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acute pancreatitis may be a risk factor for pancreatic cancer. However, findings from studies on this association are conflicting. We investigated the association between acute pancreatitis and increased risk of pancreatic cancer. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide, population-based, matched cohort study of all patients admitted to a hospital in Denmark with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis from January 1, 1980 through October 31, 2012. As many as 5 individuals from the general population without acute pancreatitis were matched for age and sex to each patient with acute pancreatitis...
February 9, 2018: Gastroenterology
Gustav Andersson, Signe Borgquist, Karin Jirström
The incidence of pancreatic cancer is levelling between sexes. Smoking, high age and heredity are established risk factors, but evidence regarding the influence of hormonal factors is unclear. In this study, we investigated the associations of reproductive factors, use of oral contraceptives (OC) and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with pancreatic cancer risk in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, a prospective, population-based cohort encompassing 17 035 women. Up until December 31 st 2015, 110 women were identified with incident pancreatic cancer through the Swedish Cancer Registry...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Yang Deng, Huakang Tu, Jeanne A Pierzynski, Ethan D Miller, Xiangjun Gu, Maosheng Huang, David W Chang, Yuanqing Ye, Michelle A T Hildebrandt, Alison P Klein, Ren Zhao, Scott M Lippman, Xifeng Wu
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) is impaired in pancreatic cancer patients. Our aim was to investigate the determinants and prognostic value of QOL after diagnosis in a hospital-based cohort of racially/ethnically diverse patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: QOL was prospectively assessed using the Short Form-12 in 2478 PDAC patients. The Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) were categorised into tertiles based on their distribution...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Christie Y Jeon, Donghui Li, Sean Cleary, Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon, Cristina Bosetti, Carlo La Vecchia, Miquel Porta, Adetunji T Toriola, Rayjean J Hung, Robert C Kurtz, Sara H Olson
OBJECTIVES: It is unclear whether long-standing diabetes or new-onset pancreatogenic diabetes contributes to poor prognosis in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: We investigated the influence of diabetes diagnosed shortly before PDAC and long-term diabetes on overall survival in 2792 PDAC patients who had participated in 3 PDAC case-control studies in the Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium. There were 300 patients with long-term diabetes of more than 3 years' duration (11%) and 418 patients with recently diagnosed diabetes of 3-year duration or less (15%)...
March 2018: Pancreas
Kara A Michels, Louise A Brinton, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Britton Trabert
Although use of oral contraceptives (OC) is common, their influence on carcinogenesis is not fully understood. We used Cox proportional hazards models to examine OC use (never/<1 year (reference), 1-4, 5-9, 10+ years) and development of incident cancers across body sites within the same base population: women in the prospective NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study (enrolled 1995-1996, followed until 2011). Adjustment for confounding varied by outcome; all models accounted for age, race, body mass index, and smoking status and included ≥100,000 women...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Hui Xu, Qiushi Wang, Qian Sun, Yu Qin, Aohan Han, Ye Cao, Qianlei Yang, Ping Yang, Jiachun Lu, Qizhan Liu, Quanyong Xiang
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a chronic disease caused by pancreatic β-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance. Exposure to smoke is a risk factor for diabetes; however, its mechanisms are unclear. In an epidemiological study, we determined the relationship between cigarette smoking and β-cell function. T2D patients had a history of heavier smoking than people without T2D, and heavy smokers had more abnormal glucose metabolism. For various smoking populations, there was a dose-effect relationship between decreases of homeostatic model assessment (HOMA)-β levels or the increases of HOMA-insulin resistance (IR) levels and amount of smoking (pack-years), which indicated that smoking induced β-cell dysfunction...
January 25, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Tsuyoshi Hamada, Natalia Khalaf, Chen Yuan, Ana Babic, Vicente Morales-Oyarvide, Zhi Rong Qian, Jonathan Andrew Nowak, Kimmie Ng, Peter Kraft, Douglas Adam Rubinson, Meir Jonathan Stampfer, Edward Luciano Giovannucci, Charles Stewart Fuchs, Shuji Ogino, Brian Matthew Wolpin
BACKGROUND: Statins, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, are common lipid-lowering agents and may reduce the risk of several cancer types including pancreatic cancer. However, the association between statin use and pancreatic cancer risk has not been fully evaluated in prospective studies. METHODS: We studied the association between statin use and incident pancreatic cancer in 113,059 participants from the prospective Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology
E Molina-Montes, P Gomez-Rubio, M Márquez, M Rava, M Löhr, C W Michalski, X Molero, A Farré, J Perea, W Greenhalf, L Ilzarbe, M O'Rorke, A Tardón, T Gress, V M Barberà, T Crnogorac-Jurcevic, E Domínguez-Muñoz, L Muñoz-Bellvís, J Balsells, E Costello, J Huang, M Iglesias, J Kleeff, Bo Kong, J Mora, L Murray, D O'Driscoll, I Poves, A Scarpa, W Ye, M Hidalgo, L Sharp, A Carrato, F X Real, N Malats
Background: Family history (FH) of pancreatic cancer (PC) has been associated with an increased risk of PC, but little is known regarding the role of inherited/environmental factors or that of FH of other comorbidities in PC risk. We aimed to address these issues using multiple methodological approaches. Methods: Case-control study including 1431 PC cases and 1090 controls and a reconstructed-cohort study (N = 16 747) made up of their first-degree relatives (FDR)...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Pia Heikkilä, Anna But, Timo Sorsa, Jari Haukka
Periodontitis, a multifactorial infection-induced low-grade chronic inflammation, can influence the process of carcinogenesis. We studied with 10 years follow-up of 68 273 adults-based cohort the involvement of periodontitis as a risk factor for cancer mortality. Periodontal status was defined based on procedure codes of periodontal treatment. Rate ratios and absolute differences of overall and cancer mortality rates were assessed with respect to periodontal status using multiplicative and additive Poisson regression models, respectively...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Brian Z Huang, Loic Le Marchand, Christopher A Haiman, Kristine R Monroe, Lynne R Wilkens, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Veronica Wendy Setiawan
Previous case-control studies have suggested that atopic allergic conditions (AACs) are inversely associated with pancreatic cancer, but this relationship has not been supported in many prospective settings. In this study, we investigated the influence of AACs (asthma, hay fever, or allergy) and the treatment of these conditions on pancreatic cancer risk among participants of the Multiethnic Cohort Study (MEC). AACs and antihistamine use were assessed via a baseline questionnaire when participants joined the MEC in 1993-1996...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Serena Stigliano, Flaminia Belisario, Matteo Piciucchi, Marianna Signoretti, Gianfranco Delle Fave, Gabriele Capurso
BACKGROUND: Data about recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP) are limited. AIMS: To evaluate the rate of RAP and associated factors. METHODS: Single-centre prospective study of consecutive patients at first episode of acute pancreatitis (AP) being followed-up. RESULTS: Of 266 consecutive AP patients, (47% biliary, 15.4% alcoholic, 14.3% idiopathic) 66 (24.8%) had RAP in a mean follow-up of 42 months; 17.9% of recurrences occurred within 30 days from discharge...
December 19, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Nalin C W Goonesekere, Wyatt Andersen, Alex Smith, Xiaosheng Wang
PURPOSE: The lack of specific symptoms at early tumor stages, together with a high biological aggressiveness of the tumor contribute to the high mortality rate for pancreatic cancer (PC), which has a 5-year survival rate of about 7%. Recent failures of targeted therapies inhibiting kinase activity in clinical trials have highlighted the need for new approaches towards combating this deadly disease. METHODS: In this study, we have identified genes that are significantly downregulated in PC, through a meta-analysis of large number of microarray datasets...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Dong Yan, Xiao-Hui Liang, Wei Ding, Xin-Jian Xu, Xi-Yan Wang
This study aimed to determine the association between the polymorphisms and haplotypes in the xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD) gene and the risk of pancreatic cancer in the Chinese Han population. SNaPshot was used for genotyping six SNP sites of the XPD gene. Comparisons of the correlations between different genotypes in combination with smoking and the susceptibility to pancreatic cancer were performed. Individual pancreatic cancer risk in patients who carry mutant C alleles (AC, CC, and AC+CC) at rs13181 increased (p < 0...
December 18, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Omid Sadr-Azodi, Peter Konings, Nele Brusselaers
Background: The role of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) in the development of pancreatic cancer is inconclusive owing to small studies and lack of proper study design. Methods: This population-based matched cohort study included all Swedish women who used systemic MHT between 1 July 2005 and 31 December 2012. For each user of MHT, three never-users of MHT were randomly selected, matched for childbirth, history of thromboembolic events, and previous hysterectomy, as well as for year of birth, diabetes, obesity, and smoking- or alcohol-related disorders...
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Fatima Lockhart, Anthony Liu, Bernard Linton Champion, Michael John Peek, Ralph Kay Heinrich Nanan, Alison Sally Poulton
Introduction: Cigarette smoking in pregnancy is a common cause of fetal growth restriction. We aimed to investigate endocrine pancreatic function of mother-infant dyads in relation to cigarette smoking, as a possible mechanism for the poor fetal growth. Methods: Prospective study of smoking mothers (10 cigarettes or more per day, self-reported to the midwife) and non-smoker control mothers during their first pregnancy. Insulin, glucose, C-peptide, HbA1C, fructosamine, prolactin, serotonin, and cortisol were measured in maternal blood at 24-26 weeks and in umbilical cord blood at birth...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Murray Korc, Christie Y Jeon, Mouad Edderkaoui, Stephen J Pandol, Maxim S Petrov
Pancreatic cancer is projected to become the leading cause of cancer deaths by 2050. The risk for pancreatic cancer may be reduced by up to 27% by modifying lifestyle risk factors, most notably tobacco smoking. Based on analysis of more than 2 million unselected individuals from general population, this article quantified the risk of pancreatic cancer in relation to lifelong tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption status, both alone and in combination. It also provided a state-of-the-art review of animal studies on the effect of tobacco smoke and alcohol on genetically engineered mouse models of pancreatic precursor lesions, as well as the role of immune microenvironment in pancreatic carcinogenesis activated by tobacco and alcohol...
October 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
Daniel Mønsted Shabanzadeh, Srdan Novovic
Gallstone disease and pancreatitis are the most frequent benign hepato-biliary causes of hospital admissions. Gallstone disease is prevalent, but symptomatic disease develops only in about one out of five carriers. Alcohol intake seems to protect gallstone formation in cohort studies possibly through effects on bile cholesterol metabolism, the enterohepatic circulation, and gallbladder function. The impact of smoking on gallstone formation seems minor. Both alcohol intake and smoking do not alter the clinical course of gallstone disease carriers...
October 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
Jun-Juan Lu, Qing Wang, Li Hua Xie, Qiang Zhang, Sheng Hua Sun
Background: In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), weakness and muscle mass loss of the quadriceps muscle has been demonstrated to predict survival and mortality rates of patients. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), as a member of the TNF superfamily, has recently been identified as a key regulator of skeletal muscle wasting and metabolic dysfunction. So our aim was to study the role of TWEAK during quadriceps muscle atrophy and fiber-type transformation in COPD model rats and its possible pathway...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
Vanessa L Gordon-Dseagu, Susan S Devesa, Michael Goggins, Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon
Background: Annual pancreatic cancer incidence rates have been increasing. We examine pancreatic cancer incidence trends by demographics and histologic type. Methods: Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registries were available to assess temporal trends and pancreatic cancer rates from 1974 to 2013. Results: Pancreatic cancer incidence rates declined between the 1970s and 1990s but increased from 1994 to 2013 among White males...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
Shadi Ferdosi, Douglas S Rehder, Paul Maranian, Erik P Castle, Thai H Ho, Harvey I Pass, Daniel W Cramer, Karen S Anderson, Lei Fu, David E C Cole, Tao Le, Xifeng Wu, Chad R Borges
Glycans represent a promising but only marginally accessed source of cancer markers. We previously reported the development of a molecularly bottom-up approach to plasma and serum (P/S) glycomics based on glycan linkage analysis that captures features such as α2-6 sialylation, β1-6 branching, and core fucosylation as single analytical signals. Based on the behavior of P/S glycans established to date, we hypothesized that the alteration of P/S glycans observed in cancer would be independent of the tissue in which the tumor originated yet exhibit stage dependence that varied little between cancers classified on the basis of tumor origin...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
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