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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088538/perceived-parental-alcohol-problems-and-drinking-patterns-in-youth-a-cross-sectional-study-of-69-030-secondary-education-students-in-denmark
#1
Veronica S C Pisinger, Charlotte A Holst, Pernille Bendtsen, Ulrik Becker, Janne S Tolstrup
The aim of the study was to examine whether young people with parental alcohol problems have different drinking patterns than those without parental alcohol problems. Further, we examined whether the association between parental alcohol problems and young people's drinking patterns differed depending on the gender of the child and the parent, and whether more severe parental alcohol problems and cohabitation with the parent with alcohol problems was associated with earlier and heavier drinking patterns. Data came from the Danish National Youth Study 2014, a web-based national survey...
January 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081301/ethanol-induces-platelet-apoptosis
#2
Lei Liu, Mengxing Chen, Lili Zhao, Qing Zhao, Renping Hu, Jie Zhu, Rong Yan, Kesheng Dai
BACKGROUND: Alcohol abuse incurs severe medical conditions, such as thrombocytopenia and hemorrhage, but the pathogenesis is not totally understood. Alcohol has been reported to induce apoptosis in eukaryotic cells, such as hepatocyte, nerve cell, corneal fibroblasts. However, it is still unclear whether alcohol induces platelet apoptosis. METHODS: Washed human platelets were pretreated with ethanol (EtOH), and apoptotic events and platelet function were detected...
January 12, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078788/violence-involvement-among-nightlife-patrons-the-relative-role-of-demographics-and-substance-use
#3
Trond Nordfjaern
The nightlife setting is a risk context for violence involvement that ultimately may cause severe injuries and fatalities. Few studies have examined associations between alcohol and illicit substance use with physical violence involvement among nightlife patrons. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relative role of demographics and substance use characteristics for nightlife violence involvement among Norwegian nightlife patrons. A cross-sectional self-completion survey was conducted outside 12 licensed premises in Oslo (n = 1099, response rate = 76%) and each respondent's BAC level was measured by a breathalyzer and registered on the questionnaire...
January 12, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074568/the-relative-impact-of-brief-treatment-versus-brief-intervention-in-primary-health-care-screening-programs-for-substance-use-disorders
#4
Arnie Aldridge, William Dowd, Jeremy Bray
AIMS: To assess the relative impact of brief treatment (BT) compared with brief intervention (BI) on changes in substance use behavior in primary care screening programs for substance use disorders, overall and by patient severity. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 9029 patients with both baseline and follow-up interviews were identified in the US Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) data from October 2004 and February 2008. Using a propensity score framework, multiple generalized linear mixed models and a local linear matching method with a difference in difference estimator, patients from the BI group that resemble BT patients were used to determine the relative treatment effect of BT...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074567/the-cost-effectiveness-of-brief-intervention-versus-brief-treatment-of-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-in-the-united-states
#5
Carolina Barbosa, Alexander Cowell, William Dowd, Justin Landwehr, Arnie Aldridge, Jeremy Bray
AIMS: To conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) comparing the delivery of brief intervention (BI) with brief treatment (BT) within Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) programs. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental differences in observed baseline characteristics between BI and BT patients were adjusted using propensity score techniques. Incremental comparison of costs and health outcomes associated with BI and BT. SETTING: Health-care settings in four US states participating in Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration SBIRT grant programs...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072668/genital-and-extragenital-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-in-children-and-adolescents-evaluated-for-sexual-abuse
#6
Nancy D Kellogg, John D Melville, James L Lukefahr, Shalon M Nienow, Edward L Russell
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the use of a nucleic acid amplification test in detecting genital and extragenital Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) in children and adolescents assessed for sexual abuse/assault. METHODS: The charts of children aged 0 to 17 years, consecutively evaluated for sexual victimization, in emergency department and outpatient settings were reviewed. Data extracted included age, sex, type of sexual contact, anogenital findings, previous sexual contact, toxicology results, and sites tested for NG and CT...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063599/-risk-factors-and-psychological-vulnerabilities-to-binge-drinking-in-youth
#7
E De Wever, V Quaglino
For years, a large number of studies have demonstrated the harmful effects of alcohol consumption on the brain and therefore on behavior and cognition. These studies first aimed at identifying the consequences of alcohol abuse consumption, more specifically in pathologies such as alcohol-dependence or Korsakoff syndrome. Researchers then also started to focus on vulnerabilities to alcohol consumption, especially in hyper fast alcohol consumption called binge-drinking (BD). Indeed BD, which is a particularly dangerous form of alcohol consumption, is usually observed in adolescents and young adults...
January 4, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062899/bibi-ergo-sum-the-effects-of-a-placebo-and-contextual-alcohol-cues-on-motivation-to-drink-alcohol
#8
Paul Christiansen, Gareth Townsend, Graeme Knibb, Matt Field
RATIONALE: Acute 'priming' doses of alcohol reliably increase alcohol-seeking behaviour in social drinkers. However, the effects of the anticipated (rather than pharmacological) effects of alcohol, and their interaction with contextual alcohol cues, are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine the extent to which an alcohol-placebo drink increases craving, subjective intoxication and beer consumption, while conjointly investigating the impact of contextual alcohol cues...
January 7, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057371/3-meo-pcp-intoxication-in-two-young-men-first-in-vivo-detection-in-italy
#9
Elisabetta Bertol, Jennifer Pascali, Diego Palumbo, Valeria Catalani, Maria Grazia Di Milia, Alessia Fioravanti, Francesco Mari, Fabio Vaiano
3-MeO-PCP or 3-methoxyphencyclidine is a derivative of phencyclidine. It acts as a dissociative anesthetic and it has allegedly hallucinogenic and sedative effects. There are almost no documented intoxication cases and references about its pharmacology and toxicity in literature. This study presents two concomitant intoxication cases due to consumption of 3-MeO-PCP and alcohol. A 19 (A) and a 21 years old (B) men were brought to Santa Maria Nuova Hospital in a comatose state (Glasgow score 3). They showed respiratory acidosis, right anisocoria with mydriatic pupils and hypothermia...
December 26, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055132/identifying-future-drinkers-behavioral-analysis-of-monkeys-initiating-drinking-to-intoxication-is-predictive-of-future-drinking-classification
#10
Erich J Baker, Nicole A R Walter, Alex Salo, Pablo Rivas, Sharon Moore, Steven Gonzales, Kathleen A Grant
BACKGROUND: The Monkey Alcohol and Tissue Research Resource (MATRR) is a repository and analytics platform for detailed data derived from well-documented Non-Human Primate (NHP) alcohol self-administration studies. This macaque model has demonstrated categorical drinking norms reflective of human drinking populations, resulting in consumption pattern classifications of Very Heavy Drinking (VHD), Heavy Drinking (HD), Binge Drinking (BD), and Low Drinking (LD) individuals. Here we expand on previous findings that suggest ethanol drinking patterns during initial drinking to intoxication can reliably predict future drinking category assignment...
January 5, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054379/to-wait-or-not-to-wait-improving-results-when-interviewing-intoxicated-witnesses-to-violence
#11
Malin Hildebrand Karlén, Emma Roos Af Hjelmsäter, Claudia Fahlke, Pär Anders Granhag, Anna Söderpalm-Gordh
Witnesses to violent crimes are often alcohol intoxicated, but few studies have investigated the impact of alcohol on witness reports. This study investigated how alcohol intoxication and time of interview affected reports of intimate partner violence (IPV). One hundred thirty six healthy men (N = 66) and women (N = 70) were randomized to an alcohol group (0.8g/kg for men, 0.75g/kg for women) (N = 70) or control group (N = 66), given juice. Participants consumed drinks in a laboratory setting before they witnessed an IPV scenario...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049504/effects-on-alcohol-use-of-a-swedish-school-based-prevention-program-for-early-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Linda Beckman, Mikael Svensson, Susanna Geidne, Charli Eriksson
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to address the lack of evaluations of school-based substance use prevention programs and to conduct a quasi-experimental evaluation of the alcohol use part of the Triad intervention. METHODS: Eleven Swedish intervention schools (285 pupils) and three control schools (159 pupils) participated in the evaluation. Baseline measurements were conducted in 2011 before the alcohol part in the prevention program was implemented in the intervention schools (school year 6, ages 12-13)...
January 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042657/the-influence-of-mixers-containing-artificial-sweetener-or-different-doses-of-carbohydrate-on-breath-alcohol-responses-in-females
#13
Cassie Smith, Peter John Herzig, Andrew Davey, Ben Desbrow, Christopher Irwin
BACKGROUND: Breath alcohol responses may be affected by the presence of carbohydrate (CHO) in a beverage. This study investigated the impact of consuming alcohol with mixers containing various doses of CHO or an artificial sweetener on breath alcohol concentration (BrAC), ratings of intoxication and impairment, and cognitive performance in females. METHODS: Twenty-six females (age 25.1 ± 0.7 years, mean ± standard deviation) completed a crossover study involving 4 trials...
January 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034556/who-falls-in-an-adult-emergency-department-and-why-a-retrospective-review
#14
Deanne R McErlean, James A Hughes
INTRODUCTION: Falls are a significant source of healthcare related morbidity and mortality of patients in hospitals and residential healthcare settings. Commonly falls are thought of as an affliction of the elderly and the frail. The emergency department (ED) is a unique healthcare setting that sees patients in the acute and hyper acute stages of physical and mental illness and intoxication. Falls occur in this setting, however there is little knowledge about the factors that influence falls in the emergency department...
December 26, 2016: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034478/drug-policing-assemblages-repressive-drug-policies-and-the-zonal-banning-of-drug-users-in-denmark-s-club-land
#15
Thomas F Søgaard, Esben Houborg, Michael M Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Zonal banning of disorderly and intoxicated young people has moved to centre stage in debates about nightlife governance. Whereas existing research has primarily focused on the use of zonal banning orders to address problems of alcohol-related harm and disorder, this article highlights how zonal banning is also used to target drug-using clubbers in Denmark. METHODS: Based on ethnographic observations and interviews with nightlife control agents in two Danish cities, the article aims to provide new insights into how the enforcement of national drug policies on drug-using clubbers, is shaped by plural nightlife policing complexes...
December 26, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031590/role-of-demographic-and-personality-factors-in-mediating-vulnerability-to-suicide-attempts-under-intoxication-with-alcohol-a-record-based-exploratory-study
#16
Shivanand Kattimani, Vikas Menon, Siddharth Sarkar, Anand Babu Arun, Penchilaiya Venkatalakshmi
BACKGROUND: Identifying those who are likely to make suicide attempts under alcohol intoxication has important implications for management and prevention of further suicidal behavior. AIMS: To identify the frequency of suicide attempts made under the influence of alcohol and the percentage of impulsive suicide attempts among them. We also aimed to identify predictors of attempted suicide under intoxication with alcohol. SETTING AND DESIGN: Record-based study carried out at a tertiary care hospital...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027824/protective-effect-of-chamomile-matricaria-recutita-l-decoction-extract-against-alcohol-induced-injury-in-rat-gastric-mucosa
#17
Mohamed-Amine Jabri, Nadhem Aissani, Haifa Tounsi, Mohsen Sakly, Lamjed Marzouki, Hichem Sebai
BACKGROUND: Matricaria recutita L. (Asteraceae), German chamomile, has been widely used in the traditional Tunisian medicine because of having the powerful health benefits. the current study was conducted to determine the protective effect of chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) decoction extract (CDE) in ethanol-induced ulcer and oxidative stress on gastric mucosa in rat. METHODS: Adult male wistar rats were used and divided into seven groups: Control, EtOH, EtOH+various doses of CDE (25, 50 and 100mg/kg, b...
December 21, 2016: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026815/-investigation-of-efficacy-of-phospholipovit-for-correction-of-the-hepatic-encephalopathy
#18
V A Kudinov, O M Ipatova, I G Fyodorov, G G Totolyan, N N Merzlikina, O B Kovalyov, T I Torkhovskaya, V F Uchaikin, I E Starovoitova, D V Milyutin, S M Nikonova
This paper presents the results of clinical studies on the efficacy and safety of the drug Phospholipovit in different groups of patients, in particular with hepatic encephalopathy and with a high risk of its development (chronic alcohol intoxication). Efficacy of treatmernt was evaluated by the LNT test (link numbers test), and standard liver plasma markers (ALT, AST, GGT, AP). The LNT test in patients with encephalopathy showed better improvement after 5 days course of Phos-pholipovit than after standard therapy...
November 2016: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999095/a-case-report-of-fatal-desmethyl-carbodenafil-toxicity
#19
Erica L Bakota, Anna T Kelly, Jeffrey P Walterscheid, Darshan R Phatak
We present the case report of a 34-year-old Hispanic male who was found unresponsive in the carport of his residence. Surveillance video footage from a security camera showed that he collapsed as he was walking to his vehicle. The decedent had no medical history and no history of illicit drug use. Initial toxicology testing revealed no alcohol or illicit drugs. Autopsy findings indicated a need for additional toxicological analysis due to a lack of trauma and the paucity of pathophysiologically significant natural disease...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998923/alcohol-related-visits-to-us-emergency-departments-2001-2011
#20
Peter M Mullins, Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi, Jesse M Pines
AIMS: Alcohol intoxication is a source of significant illness and injury commonly resulting in emergency department (ED) visits. We characterize recent trends in alcohol-related visits to US EDs using nationally representative data. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of data on national ED visits among patients aged 18 years or older with alcohol intoxication between 2001 and 2011 using the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). Demographic and resource utilization trends in alcohol-related visits were examined...
January 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
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