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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944752/a-randomised-controlled-study-of-the-effectiveness-of-breathing-retraining-exercises-taught-by-a-physiotherapist-either-by-instructional-dvd-or-in-face-to-face-sessions-in-the-management-of-asthma-in-adults
#1
Mike Thomas, Anne Bruton, Paul Little, Stephen Holgate, Amanda Lee, Lucy Yardley, Steve George, James Raftery, Jennifer Versnel, David Price, Ian Pavord, Ratko Djukanovic, Michael Moore, Sarah Kirby, Guiqing Yao, Shihua Zhu, Emily Arden-Close, Manimekalai Thiruvothiyur, Frances Webley, Mark Stafford-Watson, Elizabeth Dixon, Lynda Taylor
BACKGROUND: Asthma control is suboptimal, resulting in quality of life (QoL) impairment and costs. Breathing retraining exercises have evidence of effectiveness as adjuvant treatment, but are infrequently used. OBJECTIVES: To transfer the contents of a brief (three-session) physiotherapist-delivered breathing retraining programme to a digital versatile disc (DVD) and booklet format; to compare the effectiveness of the self-guided intervention with that of 'face-to-face' physiotherapy and usual care for QoL and other asthma-related outcomes; to perform a health economic assessment of both interventions; and to perform a process evaluation using quantitative and qualitative methods...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944595/transition-care-in-anorexia-nervosa-through-guidance-online-from-peer-and-carer-expertise-triangle-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Valentina Cardi, Suman Ambwani, Emily Robinson, Gaia Albano, Pamela MacDonald, Viviana Aya, Katie Rowlands, Gill Todd, Ulrike Schmidt, Sabine Landau, Jon Arcelus, Jennifer Beecham, Janet Treasure
TRIANGLE is a multicentre trial investigating whether the addition of a novel intervention for patients and carers (ECHOMANTRA) to treatment as usual (TAU) improves outcomes for people with anorexia nervosa (AN). ECHOMANTRA is based on the cognitive interpersonal model of AN and includes assessments, workbooks, videos, online groups and joint Skype sessions for patients and carers. People receiving intensive hospital treatment (N = 380) will be randomised to TAU or TAU plus ECHOMANTRA. Participants will be assessed over an 18-month period following randomisation...
September 24, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944477/long-term-impact-of-endoscopic-orbital-decompression-on-sinonasal-specific-quality-of-life
#3
Sarina K Mueller, Marcel M Miyake, Daniel R Lefebvre, Suzanne K Freitag, Benjamin S Bleier
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic orbital decompression (EOD) is the workhorse surgical intervention for severe thyroid eye disease in Graves disease. Although EOD is a safe and effective procedure. The objective of this study is to determine the impact of orbital decompression on long-term sinonasal-specific quality of life. METHODS: Retrospective study of 27 patients who underwent EOD by a single surgeon. The primary endpoint was change in preoperative 22-item Sinonasal Outcomes Test (SNOT-22) score at a minimum of 1 year...
September 25, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944453/personalised-digital-interventions-for-reducing-hazardous-and-harmful-alcohol-consumption-in-community-dwelling-populations
#4
REVIEW
Eileen Fs Kaner, Fiona R Beyer, Claire Garnett, David Crane, Jamie Brown, Colin Muirhead, James Redmore, Amy O'Donnell, James J Newham, Frank de Vocht, Matthew Hickman, Heather Brown, Gregory Maniatopoulos, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use contributes significantly to physical and psychological illness, injury and death, and a wide array of social harm in all age groups. A proven strategy for reducing excessive alcohol consumption levels is to offer a brief conversation-based intervention in primary care settings, but more recent technological innovations have enabled people to interact directly via computer, mobile device or smartphone with digital interventions designed to address problem alcohol consumption...
September 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944269/sports-and-environmental-temperature-from-warming-up-to-heating-up
#5
REVIEW
Sébastien Racinais, Scott Cocking, Julien D Périard
Most professional and recreational athletes perform pre-conditioning exercises, often collectively termed a 'warm-up' to prepare for a competitive task. The main objective of warming-up is to induce both temperature and non-temperature related responses to optimize performance. These responses include increasing muscle temperature, initiating metabolic and circulatory adjustments, and preparing psychologically for the upcoming task. However, warming-up in hot and/or humid ambient conditions increases thermal and circulatory strain...
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944220/determinants-for-further-wishes-for-cosmetic-and-reconstructive-interventions-in-1652-patients-with-surgical-treated-carcinomas-of-the-oral-cavity
#6
Henrik Holtmann, Simon Spalthoff, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Jörg Handschel, Julian Lommen, Norbert R Kübler, Gertrud Krüskemper, Majeed Rana, Karoline Sander
BACKGROUND: The impairment of the appearance is a major problem for patients with carcinomas of the oral cavity. These patients want to recover their preoperative facial appearance. Some do not realize that this is not always possible and hence develop a desire for further cosmetic and reconstructive surgery (CRS) which often causes psychological problems. METHOD: The desire of patients for CRS (N = 410; 26%) has been acquired in this DÖSAK rehab study including multiple reasons such as medical, functional, aesthetic and psychosocial aspects...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943477/augmenting-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-by-an-online-intervention-psychological-mechanisms
#7
Jan Keller, Susannah Motter, Mirjam Motter, Ralf Schwarzer
OBJECTIVE: Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake was examined among men and women who participated in an online intervention. The psychological constructs involved were outcome expectancies, behavioral intention, planning, and self-efficacy. One purpose of the analyses was the evaluation of a self-efficacy treatment component. The other purpose of the analyses regarded the role of psychological mechanisms that might be responsible for individual differences in the process of behavior change...
September 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942953/metacognitive-beliefs-as-psychological-predictors-of-social-functioning-an-investigation-with-young-people-at-risk-of-psychosis
#8
Measha Bright, Sophie Parker, Paul French, David Fowler, Andrew Gumley, Anthony P Morrison, Max Birchwood, Peter B Jones, Suzanne L K Stewart, Adrian Wells
Poor social functioning has been found to be present in those at risk for psychosis. This study aimed to examine metacognitive beliefs as potential predictors of structured activity (measure of social functioning) in those with an At Risk Mental State (ARMS). Regression and correlation analyses were conducted. The sample included 109 young people. Age was found to be positively correlated to structured activity. Metacognitive beliefs concerning uncontrollability and danger of worry were found to negatively predict structured activity...
September 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942913/a-focused-review-of-safety-considerations-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#9
REVIEW
Susan Maltser, Adrian Cristian, Julie K Silver, G Stephen Morris, Nicole L Stout
Cancer and its treatments introduce various adverse effects that may affect survivors' physical, cognitive and psychological functioning. Frequently both tolerance to activity and exercise are affected as well. Rehabilitation providers should have substantive knowledge about the effect of cancer progression and common side effects associated with antineoplastic treatment to safely integrate rehabilitation interventions. Rehabilitation may mitigate loss of function and disability; however, these patients are among the most medically complex that providers treat...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942908/integrating-function-directed-treatments-into-palliative-care
#10
REVIEW
Andrea L Cheville, Melissa Morrow, Sean Robinson Smith, Jeffrey R Basford
The growing acceptance of palliative care has created opportunities to increase the use of rehabilitation services among populations with advanced disease, particularly those with cancer. Broader delivery has been impeded by the lack of a shared definition for palliative rehabilitation and a mismatch between patient needs and established rehabilitation service delivery models. We propose the definition that, in the advanced cancer population, palliative rehabilitation is function-directed care delivered in partnership with other clinical disciplines and aligned with the values of patients who have serious and often incurable illnesses in contexts marked by intense and dynamic symptoms, psychological stress, and medical morbidity to realize potentially time-limited goals...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942803/systematic-review-of-universal-resilience-focused-interventions-targeting-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-in-the-school-setting
#11
REVIEW
Julia Dray, Jenny Bowman, Elizabeth Campbell, Megan Freund, Luke Wolfenden, Rebecca K Hodder, Kathleen McElwaine, Danika Tremain, Kate Bartlem, Jacqueline Bailey, Tameka Small, Kerrin Palazzi, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Wiggers
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of universal, school-based, resilience-focused interventions on mental health problems in children and adolescents. METHOD: Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of universal, school-based interventions that included strategies to strengthen a minimum of 3 internal resilience protective factors, and included an outcome measure of mental health problems in children and adolescents aged 5 to 18 years. Six databases were searched from 1995 to 2015...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942488/psychological-and-biomechanical-aspects-of-patient-adaptation-to-diabetic-neuropathy-and-foot-ulceration
#12
REVIEW
Loretta Vileikyte, Ryan T Crews, Neil D Reeves
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to elucidate how psychological and biomechanical factors interrelate in shaping patients' experience with diabetic symmetric polyneuropathy (DSPN) and its sequela-diabetic foot ulceration (DFU). RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings emphasize the importance not only of neuropathic pain but also of other DSPN symptoms, such as unsteadiness. We highlight the negative spiral between unsteadiness, falls, and psychological distress...
September 23, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942376/a-psychosocial-approach-in-humanitarian-forensic-action-the-latin-american-perspective
#13
Ute Hofmeister, Susana Navarro
Forensic humanitarian action is aimed at alleviating suffering and maintaining human dignity, with the victims and their families at the core. International recommendations emphasize the importance of psychological support and psychosocial work as an integral part of forensic investigations into missing persons. Psychosocial action does not simply refer to emotional support but is based on the idea of the individual being the holder of rights, encouraging decision taking, affirming actions, and elaborating personal and collective histories...
September 1, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942202/the-potential-protective-effect-of-friendship-on-the-association-between-childhood-adversity-and-psychological-distress-in-adulthood-a-retrospective-preliminary-three-wave-population-based-study
#14
Mashhood Ahmed Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Previous studies that assessed the mediating role of social support in the association between childhood adversity and psychological distress based their inferences on very small, selective samples, which makes it impossible to generalise the findings to general population. The aim of this paper was to assess the mediating role of quantity and quality of social support in adulthood in the association between childhood adversity and psychological distress in adulthood. METHODS: The study has a three-wave design; the present analysis used longitudinal data collected from 1994 to 2008 within the framework of the Tromsø Study (N = 4530), a representative prospective cohort study of men and women...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941927/emotion-regulation-as-a-transdiagnostic-treatment-construct-across-anxiety-depression-substance-eating-and-borderline-personality-disorders-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Elise Sloan, Kate Hall, Richard Moulding, Shayden Bryce, Helen Mildred, Petra K Staiger
A large body of research has implicated difficulties in emotion regulation as central to the development and maintenance of psychopathology. Emotion regulation has therefore been proposed as a transdiagnostic construct or an underlying mechanism in psychopathology. The transdiagnostic role of emotion regulation has yet to be systematically examined within the psychological treatment outcome literature. It can be proposed that if emotion regulation is indeed a transdiagnostic construct central to the maintenance of psychopathology, then changes in emotion regulation difficulties will occur after effective treatment and this will occur for different disorders...
September 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941298/symptom-management-and-psychological-support-for-families-are-the-cornerstones-of-end-of-life-care-for-children-with-spinal-muscular-atrophy-type-1
#16
Chiara Di Pede, Caterina Agosto, Valentina De Tommasi, Alessandra De Gregorio, Franca Benini
AIM: This study described end-of-life care for children affected by spinal muscular atrophy type 1 (SMA1), which is characterised by progressive muscle weakness and develops in the first six months of life. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 17 children (13 boys) who attended the University of Padua's paediatric palliative care centre in Italy from March 2000 to March 2015. All the children received supportive care without proactive respiratory intervention to prolong survival...
September 23, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940775/the-impact-of-the-arts-in-healthcare-on-patients-and-service-users-a-critical-review
#17
REVIEW
Melanie Boyce, Hilary Bungay, Carol Munn-Giddings, Ceri Wilson
This review provides an updated evaluation of the emerging body of literature on the value of the arts in healthcare settings. Internationally, there is growing interest in the use of the arts in the healthcare context supported by the number of research studies reported in the nursing and medical literature. There is evidence that arts interventions have positive effects on psychological and physiological outcomes on patients in a hospital environment. A critical review of the literature between 2011 and 2016 was undertaken...
September 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940414/benefits-and-drawbacks-of-social-non-drinking-identified-by-british-university-students
#18
Dominic Conroy, Richard O de Visser
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Promoting the benefits of not drinking alcohol during social occasions where other peers may be drinking ('social non-drinking') may support more moderate drinking among young people. We analysed free-text responses from university students to gauge the frequency/focus of identified benefits of, and drawbacks to, social non-drinking. We also assessed whether/how identified benefits and drawbacks were associated with recent drinking behaviour and psychological correlates of harmful drinking...
September 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939708/the-decisions-interventions-and-goals-in-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-therapy-dignity-pilot-study
#19
Daniel B Kramer, Daniel Habtemariam, Yaw Adjei-Poku, Michelle Samuel, Diane Engorn, Matthew R Reynolds, Susan L Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are commonly implanted in older patients, including those with multiple comorbidities. There are few prospective studies assessing the clinical course and end-of-life circumstances for these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively followed 51 patients with ICDs for up to 18 months to longitudinally assess in terms of (1) advance care planning, (2) health status, (3) healthcare utilization, and (4) end-of-life circumstances through quarterly phone interviews and electronic medical record review...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939545/protocol-for-co-design-development-and-open-trial-of-a-prototype-game-based-ehealth-intervention-to-treat-anxiety-in-young-people-with-long-term-physical-conditions
#20
Hiran Thabrew, Karolina Stasiak, Sally Merry
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10% to 12% of New Zealand young people (and 21% of Maori young people) have long-term physical conditions and are more likely to develop psychological problems, particularly anxiety and depression. Delayed treatment leads to worse management of physical conditions, school absence, and poorer long-term outcomes. Recently, electronic health (eHealth) interventions have been shown to be as good as face-to-face therapy and biofeedback techniques have been shown to enhance relaxation during the treatment of anxiety...
September 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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