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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785228/evaluating-the-utility-of-a-structured-clinical-protocol-for-reducing-the-impact-of-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-progressive-neurological-diseases-a-pilot-study
#1
Nicholas P Ryan, Laura Scott, Maryanne McPhee, Susan Mathers, Marie-Claire Davis, Roxanne Maule, Fiona Fisher
Objectives: Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) cause significant distress to both aged care residents and staff. Despite the high prevalence of BPSD in progressive neurological diseases (PNDs) such as multiple sclerosis, Huntington's disease, and Parkinson's disease, the utility of a structured clinical protocol for reducing BPSD has not been systematically evaluated in PND populations. Method: Staff ( n = 51) and individuals with a diagnosis of PND ( n = 13) were recruited into the study, which aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a PND-specific structured clinical protocol for reducing the impact of BPSD in residential aged care (RAC) and specialist disability accommodation (SDA) facilities...
2018: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785136/psychological-factors-as-predictors-of-early-postoperative-pain-after-open-nephrectomy
#2
Ana Mimic, Carsten Bantel, Jelena Jovicic, Branko Mimic, Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic, Otas Durutovic, Nebojsa Ladjevic
Purpose: There is an increasing interest in the identification of predictors for individual responses to analgesics and surgical pain. In this study, we aimed to determine psychological factors that might contribute to this response. We hence investigated patients undergoing a standardized surgical intervention (open nephrectomy). Patients and methods: Between May 2014 and April 2015, we conducted a prospective observational cohort study. The following psychological tests were administered preoperatively: Mini-Mental State Examination, Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, and Pain Catastrophizing Scale...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785112/treatment-of-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementias-with-psychopharmaceuticals-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Jiří Masopust, Dita Protopopová, Martin Vališ, Zbyšek Pavelek, Blanka Klímová
Behavioral and psychological symptoms represent common complications in patients with different types of dementia. Predominantly, they comprise psychosis, agitation and mood disorders, disinhibited behavior, impairment of the sleep and wakefulness rhythm, wandering, perseveration, pathological collecting, or shouting. Their appearance is related to more rapid progression of the disease, earlier institutionalization, use of physical restraints, and higher risk of mortality. Consequently, appearance of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia leads to higher costs of care provided and greater distress for caregivers...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785055/mindfulness-training-induces-structural-connectome-changes-in-insula-networks
#4
Paul B Sharp, Bradley P Sutton, Erick J Paul, Nikolai Sherepa, Charles H Hillman, Neal J Cohen, Arthur F Kramer, Ruchika Shaurya Prakash, Wendy Heller, Eva H Telzer, Aron K Barbey
Although mindfulness meditation is known to provide a wealth of psychological benefits, the neural mechanisms involved in these effects remain to be well characterized. A central question is whether the observed benefits of mindfulness training derive from specific changes in the structural brain connectome that do not result from alternative forms of experimental intervention. Measures of whole-brain and node-level structural connectome changes induced by mindfulness training were compared with those induced by cognitive and physical fitness training within a large, multi-group intervention protocol (n = 86)...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784890/assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-physical-activity-level-and-lifestyle-behavior-interventions-applying-social-cognitive-theory-for-overweight-and-obese-girl-adolescents
#5
Mohammad Bagherniya, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Manoj Sharma, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Ramesh Allipour Birgani, Golnaz Ranjbar, Ali Taghipour, Mohammad Safraian, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a global epidemic and physical inactivity and considered as one of the most important contributing factors. We aimed to evaluate a school-based physical activity intervention using social cognitive theory (SCT) to increase physical activity behavior in order to prevent obesity among overweight and obese adolescent girls. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial study. METHODS: A seven-month randomized controlled trial based on SCT was implemented with 172 overweight and obese girl students (87 in intervention and 85 in control group), with the presence of their parents and teachers...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784229/burnout-evaluation-and-potential-predictors-in-a-greek-cohort-of-mental-health-nurses
#6
Adamos-Konstantinos Konstantinou, Konstantinos Bonotis, Maria Sokratous, Vasileios Siokas, Efthimios Dardiotis
BACKGROUND: Job burnout is one of the most serious occupational health hazards, especially, among mental health nurses. It has been attributed among others to staff shortages, health service changes, poor morale and insufficient employee participation in decision-making. AIM: The aim of this study was to measure burnout among mental health nurses, investigate relations between burnout and organizational factors and examine potential predictors of nurses' burnout...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784221/do-psychological-characteristics-of-mothers-predict-parenting-stress-a-cross-sectional-study-among-mothers-of-children-with-different-disabilities
#7
Badroddin Najmi, Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi, Silva Hovsepian, Farzaneh Momeni, Seied Mohammad Masood Azhar
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: We aimed at assessing the parenting stress levels among mothers of children with different disabilities and its association with various mothers' psychological characteristics. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 302 mothers of 6-12years old children suffering from sensory motor mental, chronic physical and psychological disabilities were enrolled. Parenting stress, coping stratyles, marital satisfaction and psychological problems of mothers were assessed using validated questionnaires...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784116/gendered-mechanisms-underlie-the-relation-between-pubertal-timing-and-adult-depressive-symptoms
#8
Adriene M Beltz
PURPOSE: Sex differences in depression emerge in adolescence, in concert with puberty. Off-time maturers, especially early-maturing girls, report more depressive symptoms than their same-sex peers. Recent evidence shows that these pubertal timing effects persist into adulthood, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. METHODS: Participants were 318 young adults (201 women, 117 men) who rated their depressive symptoms in the past 2 weeks and provided valid retrospective reports of their pubertal timing...
June 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784061/understanding-developmental-language-disorder-the-helsinki-longitudinal-sli-study-helsli-a-study-protocol
#9
Marja Laasonen, Sini Smolander, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Miika Leminen, Hanna-Reetta Lajunen, Kati Heinonen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Todd M Bailey, Emmanuel M Pothos, Teija Kujala, Paavo H T Leppänen, Christopher W Bartlett, Ahmed Geneid, Leena Lauronen, Elisabet Service, Sari Kunnari, Eva Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD, also called specific language impairment, SLI) is a common developmental disorder comprising the largest disability group in pre-school-aged children. Approximately 7% of the population is expected to have developmental language difficulties. However, the specific etiological factors leading to DLD are not yet known and even the typical linguistic features appear to vary by language. We present here a project that investigates DLD at multiple levels of analysis and aims to make the reliable prediction and early identification of the difficulties possible...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783936/identifying-and-assessing-the-benefits-of-interventions-for-postnatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations
#10
Binu Gurung, Louise J Jackson, Mark Monahan, Ruth Butterworth, Tracy E Roberts
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluations of interventions for postnatal depression (PND) are essential to ensure optimal healthcare decision-making. Due to the wide-ranging effects of PND on the mother, baby and whole family, there is a need to include outcomes for all those affected and to include health and non-health outcomes for accurate estimates of cost-effectiveness. This study aimed to identify interventions to prevent or treat PND for which an economic evaluation had been conducted and to evaluate the health and non-health outcomes included...
May 21, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783849/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-cyberbullying-victimization-and-mental-health-substance-use-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents
#11
Soyeon Kim, Melissa Kimber, Michael H Boyle, Katholiki Georgiades
OBJECTIVE: To examine sex differences in the association between cyberbullying victimization and mental health (psychological distress and delinquency), substance use-related outcomes (drug and tobacco use, binge drinking), and suicide ideation among adolescents. METHOD: Data were obtained from the Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey (OSDUHS; 2013, N=10,272, grade 7 to 12). The sample for analysis included 4,940 students with a mean age of 15.1 years (43...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783067/motor-retraining-more-for-functional-movement-disorders-outcomes-from-a-one-week-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program
#12
Alexandra Jacob, Darryl Kaelin, Abbey Roach, Craig Ziegler, Kathrin LaFaver
BACKGROUND: Functional Movement Disorders (FMD) are conditions of abnormal motor control thought to be caused by psychological factors. These disorders are commonly seen in neurological practice and prognosis is often poor. No consensus treatment guidelines have been established, however the role of physical therapy in addition to psychotherapy has increasingly been recognized. This study reports patient outcomes from a multidisciplinary FMD treatment program using motor retraining (MoRe) strategies...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783004/-the-thing-that-really-gets-me-is-the-future-symptomatology-in-older-homeless-adults-in-the-hope-home-study
#13
Adam Bazari, Maria Patanwala, Lauren M Kaplan, Colette L Auerswald, Margot B Kushel
CONTEXT: The homeless population is aging. Older homeless adults experience premature development of age-related conditions and an elevated symptom burden. Little is known about symptom experience among older homeless adults. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the experience, understanding, and management of physical, psychological, social (e.g. loneliness), and existential (e.g. regret, loss of dignity) symptoms among older homeless adults. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews from June 2016 through March 2017 with a purposive sample of participants from the HOPE HOME cohort, a longitudinal study of homeless adults ages 50 and older...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782436/effectiveness-of-the-neonatal-discharge-program-for-very-low-birth-weight-infants-on-parental-efficacy-and-psychological-distress
#14
Lakshmi Shandra Bos, Shefaly Shorey, Tamill Salvee Kulantaipian, Jane S P Sng, Wilson W S Tam, Serena S L Koh
This pilot study aimed to (i) evaluate the effectiveness of a neonatal discharge program, (ii) identify relationships between parent and infant factors and parental efficacy and psychological distress, and (iii) identify ways to improve the neonatal discharge program. A quasiexperimental 1-group pretest/posttest design was used. Through consecutive sampling, 42 participants were recruited. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires. Self-administering instruments gathered data on parental efficacy and psychological distress as well as feedback and recommendations on the intervention...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782234/assessing-the-confidence-of-australian-mental-health-practitioners-in-delivering-therapy-to-people-with-intellectual-disability
#15
Anastasia Hronis, Lynette Roberts, Ian Kneebone
Research supports the use of psychological therapies among people with mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID). One barrier to people with ID accessing psychological treatments is the confidence of mental health practitioners. This article explores the confidence of Australian clinicians in providing therapy to people with ID. One hundred and fifty-two psychologists and counselors in Australia completed a survey exploring self-reported confidence when working with clients who have ID and mental health difficulties...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782050/sequels-to-tattoo-removal-by-caustic-products
#16
K Hutton Carlsen, J Serup
BACKGROUND: Caustic products are used as affordable alternatives to laser removal of tattoos. OBJECTIVE: Describe a series of patients with sequels after tattoo removal by caustic products. METHODS: 11 patients with complications referred from 2013 to 2017 were studied. Objective findings, sequels, corrective treatments, cost and psychological aspects were obtained. Numeric Rating Scale (NRS, score 10 extremely dissatisfied) was used to describe patient satisfaction with tattoos before and after removal...
May 21, 2018: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781918/health-self-empowerment-theory-predicting-health-behaviors-and-bmi-in-culturally-diverse-adults
#17
Carolyn M Tucker, Julia Roncoroni, Guillermo M Wippold, Michael Marsiske, Delphia J Flenar, Kristin Hultgren
Health Self-Empowerment Theory asserts that 5 controllable psychological variables predict engagement in health-promoting behaviors. This study tests the theoretical integrity of Health Self-Empowerment Theory and its usefulness in predicting health-promoting behaviors and body mass index. Results from surveying 189 predominantly low-income, overweight/obese, and culturally diverse adults showed that most Health Self-Empowerment Theory variables were positively correlated. Structural equation modeling showed that 4 variables significantly predicted engagement in health-promoting behaviors, which mediated the relationships between body mass index and (a) motivation, (b) health self-efficacy, and (c) self-praise...
July 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781729/positive-psychology-perspective-on-traumatic-brain-injury-recovery-and-rehabilitation
#18
Amanda R Rabinowitz, Peter A Arnett
Recovery from traumatic brain injury (TBI) is heterogeneous, with injury characteristics and neuropathological findings accounting for a relatively modest proportion of the variance in clinical outcome. Furthermore, premorbid personality traits and psychological characteristics may moderate psychosocial recovery. Constructs from the field of positive psychology have been examined in multiple illness populations and are increasingly gaining attention as factors that may influence recovery from TBI. Positive affect, hope, optimism, adaptive coping style, and resilience have all been examined in the context of TBI...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781713/caregiving-burden-and-psychological-distress-in-chinese-spousal-caregivers-gender-difference-in-the-moderating-role-of-positive-aspects-of-caregiving
#19
Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Ting Kin Ng, Xiao Yu Zhuang
OBJECTIVES: This study endeavors to advance the current literature by examining the gender differences in the caregiving experiences and the stress-buffering role of positive aspects of caregiving (PAC) among Chinese spousal caregivers of frail elders in Hong Kong. METHOD: Forty-nine husband caregivers and 121 wife caregivers of frail elders in Hong Kong (N = 170) responded to the Positive Aspects of Caregiving (PAC) scale, the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), the 21-item Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales (DASS-21), and demographic questions...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781650/randomized-controlled-trial-of-secondstory-an-intervention-targeting-posttraumatic-growth-with-bereaved-adults
#20
Ann Marie Roepke, Eli Tsukayama, Marie Forgeard, Laura Blackie, Eranda Jayawickreme
OBJECTIVE: People often report positive psychological changes after adversity, a phenomenon known as posttraumatic growth (PTG). Few PTG-focused interventions have been rigorously tested, and measurement strategies have had significant limitations. This study evaluated the effects of a new group-format psychosocial intervention, SecondStory, aimed at facilitating PTG by helping participants make meaning of the past and plan a purposeful future. METHOD: In a randomized controlled trial, adults (N = 112, 64% women) bereaved within 5 years were randomly assigned to SecondStory or an active control, expressive writing...
June 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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