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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923254/-influence-of-attachment-style-on-the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#1
Johanna Elisabeth Appel, Franziska Ift, Hermann Kißler, Christof Kloos, Thomas Lehmann, Bernhard Strauß, Katharina Wick
Background: Bariatric surgery can lower body weight and comorbidities. Different factors might influence the outcome of this treatment. This pilot study examines whether patients' attachment style can influence surgical outcome. Methods: The sample consisted of 32 patients (f=24; m=8; BMI preoperative=47,8 kg/m(2)±5,2; age=53±9,84) who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The following variables were assessed pre- and postoperatively via questionnaires: quality of life (BAROS), self esteem (SES), depression, anxiety, psychological distress (SCL-90R), feelings of hunger, cognitive control, irritated eating behaviour (FEV) and weight related variables (BMI, EWL%, EBL%, TBL)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922935/enhancing-memory-self-efficacy-during-menopause-through-a-group-memory-strategies-program
#2
Anne E Unkenstein, Bei Bei, Christina A Bryant
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety about memory during menopause can affect quality of life. We aimed to improve memory self-efficacy during menopause using a group memory strategies program. METHODS: The program was run five times for a total of 32 peri- and postmenopausal women, age between 47 and 60 years, recruited from hospital menopause and gynecology clinics. The 4-week intervention consisted of weekly 2-hour sessions, and covered how memory works, memory changes related to ageing, health and lifestyle factors, and specific memory strategies...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922725/resilience-and-traumatic-brain-injury-among-iraq-afghanistan-war-veterans-differential-patterns-of-adjustment-and-quality-of-life
#3
Timothy R Elliott, Yu-Yu Hsiao, Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric Meyer, Bryann B DeBeer, Suzy Bird Gulliver, Oi-Man Kwok, Sandra B Morissette
OBJECTIVE: We examined the degree to which a resilient personality prototype predicted adjustment among war Veterans with and without a traumatic brain injury (TBI) while covarying the level of combat exposure. METHOD: A total of 127 war Veterans (107 men, 20 women; average age = 37 years) participated. Personality prototypes were derived from the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (Patrick, Curtain, & Tellegen, 2002). Measures were administered at baseline, and a subset was administered at 4- and 8-month follow-ups...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922448/the-second-randomised-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-cost-effectiveness-and-acceptability-of-computerised-therapy-reeact-2-trial-does-the-provision-of-telephone-support-enhance-the-effectiveness-of-computer-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-a-randomised
#4
Sally Brabyn, Ricardo Araya, Michael Barkham, Peter Bower, Cindy Cooper, Ana Duarte, David Kessler, Sarah Knowles, Karina Lovell, Elizabeth Littlewood, Richard Mattock, Stephen Palmer, Jodi Pervin, David Richards, Debbie Tallon, David White, Simon Walker, Gillian Worthy, Simon Gilbody
BACKGROUND: Computerised cognitive behaviour therapy (cCBT) is an efficient form of therapy potentially improving access to psychological care. Indirect evidence suggests that the uptake and effectiveness of cCBT can be increased if facilitated by telephone, but this is not routinely offered in the NHS. OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of telephone-facilitated free-to-use cCBT [e.g. MoodGYM (National Institute for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia)] with minimally supported cCBT...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921635/a-literature-based-intervention-for-women-prisoners-preliminary-findings
#5
Josie Billington, Eleanor Longden, Jude Robinson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether Shared Reading (SR), a specific literature-based intervention, is transposable to a prison context and whether mental health benefits identified in other custodial and non-custodial settings were reported by women prisoners. Design/methodology/approach In all, 35 participants were recruited within an all-female maximum security prison and attended one of two weekly reading groups. Qualitative data were collected through researcher observation of the reading groups; interviews and focus group discussions with participants and prison staff; interviews with the project worker leading the reading groups; and a review of records kept by the latter during group sessions...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920744/attitudes-of-older-adults-in-a-group-based-exercise-program-toward-a-blended-intervention-a-focus-group-study
#6
Sumit Mehra, Tessa Dadema, Ben J A Kröse, Bart Visser, Raoul H H Engelbert, Jantine Van Den Helder, Peter J M Weijs
Ageing is associated with a decline in daily functioning and mobility. A physically active life and physical exercise can minimize the decline of daily functioning and improve the physical-, psychological- and social functioning of older adults. Despite several advantages of group-based exercise programs, older adults participating in such interventions often do not meet the frequency, intensity or duration of exercises needed to gain health benefits. An exercise program that combines the advantages of group-based exercises led by an instructor with tailored home-based exercises can increase the effectiveness...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920283/what-can-we-do-for-people-with-drug-resistant-epilepsy-the-2016-wartenberg-lecture
#7
Jerome Engel
Treatment goals for epilepsy are no seizures, no side effects, as soon as possible, but these goals are too often unmet. Approximately 1 million people in the United States continue to have seizures despite adequate treatment with antiseizure drugs, representing 40% of those with epilepsy, and 80% of the cost of epilepsy. Drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) can be associated with developmental delay in infants and young children, and severe disability and morbidity in older children and adults, as well as a mortality rate 5-10 times that of the general population...
December 6, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920241/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-intervention-on-psychological-behaviors-among-adolescents-with-parental-hiv-infection-a-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Myo-Myo Mon, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Kyaw-Min Htut
This study aims to identify the effectiveness of mindfulness intervention on the psychological behaviors of adolescents with parental HIV infection and its associated factors in Myanmar. A total of 80 adolescents from 2 intervention townships and 80 adolescents from 2 control townships were enrolled in a group randomized controlled trial with assessments at baseline and 6 months follow-up. The mindfulness intervention involved monthly group sessions for 3 consecutive months led by an experienced mindfulness trainer...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919153/-nudge-strategies-at-a-glance-an-overview-more-freedom-or-new-paternalism
#9
Luca Leone
Under the theoretical assumptions of individual bounded rationality and of behavioural psychology about human actions and agency, nudge has been promoted as an alternative to traditional regulatory tools, characterized by being inexpensive, choice-preserving, and bound to promote legitimate goals and citizens' welfare within through specific choice architectures. Applicable to several domains, health included, the nudging approach runs in connection with requests and needs arising from marketing strategies, with the aim of maximizing economic rationality and efficiency...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919103/primary-care-based-models-for-the-treatment-of-opioid-use-disorder-a-scoping-review
#10
P Todd Korthuis, Dennis McCarty, Melissa Weimer, Christina Bougatsos, Ian Blazina, Bernadette Zakher, Sara Grusing, Beth Devine, Roger Chou
Greater integration of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD) in U.S. primary care settings would expand access to treatment for this condition. Models for integrating MAT into primary care vary in structure. This article summarizes findings of a technical report for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality describing MAT models of care for OUD, based on a literature review and interviews with key informants in the field. The report describes 12 representative models of care for integrating MAT into primary care settings that could be considered for adaptation across diverse health care settings...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918887/resilience-to-emotional-distress-in-response-to-failure-error-or-mistakes-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Judith Johnson, Maria Panagioti, Jennifer Bass, Lauren Ramsey, Reema Harrison
Perceptions of failure have been implicated in a range of psychological disorders, and even a single experience of failure can heighten anxiety and depression. However, not all individuals experience significant emotional distress following failure, indicating the presence of resilience. The current systematic review synthesised studies investigating resilience factors to emotional distress resulting from the experience of failure. For the definition of resilience we used the Bi-Dimensional Framework for resilience research (BDF) which suggests that resilience factors are those which buffer the impact of risk factors, and outlines criteria a variable should meet in order to be considered as conferring resilience...
November 21, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918712/cost-utility-of-stepped-care-targeting-psychological-distress-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-or-lung-cancer
#12
Femke Jansen, Anna M H Krebber, Veerle M H Coupé, Pim Cuijpers, Remco de Bree, Annemarie Becker-Commissaris, Egbert F Smit, Annemieke van Straten, Guus M Eeckhout, Aartjan T F Beekman, C René Leemans, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
Purpose A stepped care (SC) program in which an effective yet least resource-intensive treatment is delivered to patients first and followed, when necessary, by more resource-intensive treatments was found to be effective in improving distress levels of patients with head and neck cancer or lung cancer. Information on the value of this program for its cost is now called for. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the cost-utility of the SC program compared with care-as-usual (CAU) in patients with head and neck cancer or lung cancer who have psychological distress...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918687/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-the-aging-plus-program-changing-views-on-aging-to-increase-physical-activity
#13
Allyson Brothers, Manfred Diehl
This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of the Aging(Plus) intervention program. Aging(Plus) is an 8-week multi-component motivational program which promotes increased physical activity by targeting adults' negative views on aging (NVOA) and perceptions of control, two known psychological barriers to physical exercise. 62 adults, ages 50-82 years, participated in this feasibility study. We assessed NVOA, perceptions of control, and physical activity level at baseline (Week 0), immediate posttest (Week 4), and delayed posttest (Week 12)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918321/the-role-of-relocation-patterns-and-psychosocial-stressors-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-among-earthquake-survivors
#14
Ebru Salcioglu, Sahin Ozden, Furkan Ari
The psychological impact of relocation within and outside of a disaster region was examined in 541 survivors of the 2011 Van earthquake in Turkey at 16.5 months postdisaster. Relocation out of the region was determined by disaster-related property/financial losses and fear during the earthquake. Anticipatory fear of future earthquakes and less sense of control over life were the strongest predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms. Relocation within the disaster region predicted PTSD but not depression...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917766/psychosocial-risk-and-protective-factors-associated-with-perpetration-of-gender-based-violence-in-a-community-sample-of-men-in-rural-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#15
N Mngoma, S Fergus, A Jeeves, R Jolly
BACKGROUND: Rates of gender-based violence (GBV) in South Africa (SA) are among the highest in the world. In societies where social ideals of masculinity encourage male dominance and control over women, gender power imbalances contribute to male perpetration and women's vulnerability. The drivers that cause men to perpetrate GBV and those that lead to HIV overlap and interact in multiple and complex ways. Multiple risk and protective factors for GBV perpetration by males operate interdependently at a number of levels; at the individual level, these include chronic anxiety and depression, which have been shown to lead to risky sexual behaviours...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916005/malnutrition-in-healthcare-settings-and-the-role-of-gastrostomy-feeding
#16
Matthew Kurien, Jake Williams, David S Sanders
Malnutrition can adversely affect physical and psychological function, influencing both morbidity and mortality. Despite the prevalence of malnutrition and its associated health and economic costs, malnutrition remains under-detected and under-treated in differing healthcare settings. For a subgroup of malnourished individuals, a gastrostomy (a feeding tube placed directly into the stomach) may be required to provide long-term nutritional support. In this review we explore the spectrum and consequences of malnutrition in differing healthcare settings...
December 5, 2016: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914903/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-short-term-psychoanalytical-psychotherapy-versus-a-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-adolescents-with-unipolar-major-depressive-disorder-impact-a-multicentre-pragmatic-observer-blind-randomised-controlled-superiority-trial
#17
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Psychological treatments for adolescents with unipolar major depressive disorder are associated with diagnostic remission within 28 weeks in 65-70% of patients. We aimed to assess the medium-term effects and costs of psychological therapies on maintenance of reduced depression symptoms 12 months after treatment. METHODS: We did this multicentre, pragmatic, observer-blind, randomised controlled superiority trial (IMPACT) at 15 National Health Service child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) clinics in three regions in England...
November 30, 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914722/poor-expectations-of-knee-replacement-benefit-are-associated-with-modifiable-psychological-factors-and-influence-the-decision-to-have-surgery-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study-of-a-community-based-sample
#18
Daniel L Riddle, Gregory J Golladay, Amanda Hayes, Hassan M K Ghomrawi
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a highly effective surgery, but is underutilized by some patient groups. This study determined factors associated with a person's expectations with respect to pain and walking function following a TKA procedure, should they elect to undergo a TKA. METHODS: A total of 3542 people were studied with or at risk of knee osteoarthritis and enrolled in the community-based Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI). Multivariable logistic regression analyses identified demographic, socioeconomic, osteoarthritis-related, joint replacement awareness, and psychological correlates as poor outcome expectations...
November 30, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914570/a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-in-homeopathic-clinical-practice-for-long-term-conditions
#19
Elizabeth Thompson, Petter Viksveen, Susan Barron
BACKGROUND: This study was initiated as part of a quality improvement audit process to create standards around goal setting with our patients to understand and improve outcomes of homeopathic treatment. METHOD: We used the Measure Yourself Medical Outcome Profile (MYMOP2) as a tool to assist clinicians in setting the treatment goals across a wide range of diagnoses and other complaints in routine clinical practice at the Bristol Homeopathic Hospital. The data collected from the MYMOP2 is of significance in its own right and the results are now reported in this paper...
November 2016: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914469/predicting-general-and-cancer-related-distress-in-women-with-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer
#20
Andrea Gibbons, AnnMarie Groarke, Karl Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress can impact medical outcomes such as recovery from surgery and experience of side effects during treatment. Identifying the factors that explain variability in distress would guide future interventions aimed at decreasing distress. Two factors that have been implicated in distress are illness perceptions and coping, and are part of the Self-Regulatory Model of Illness Behaviour (SRM). The model suggests that coping mediates the relationship between illness perceptions and distress...
December 3, 2016: BMC Cancer
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