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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915841/is-there-room-for-resilience-a-scoping-review-and-critique-of-substance-use-literature-and-its-utilization-of-the-concept-of-resilience
#1
REVIEW
Katherine Rudzinski, Peggy McDonough, Rosemary Gartner, Carol Strike
Research in the area of illicit substance use remains preoccupied with describing and analyzing the risks of people who use drugs (PWUD), however more recently there has been a drive to use a strengths-based or resilience approach as an alternative to investigating drug use. This leads us to ask: what can be known about PWUD from the point of view of resilience? The objective of this scoping review is to analyze how the concept of resilience is defined, operationalized, and applied in substance use research...
September 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914801/gender-differences-in-problematic-alcohol-consumption-in-university-professors
#2
Pablo Ruisoto, Silvia L Vaca, José J López-Goñi, Raúl Cacho, Iván Fernández-Suárez
The role of job satisfaction and other psychosocial variables in problematic alcohol consumption within professional settings remains understudied. The aim of this study is to assess the level of problematic alcohol consumption among male and female university professors and associated psychosocial variables. A total of 360 professors (183 men and 177 women) of a large private university in Ecuador were surveyed using standardized instruments for the following psychosocial measures: alcohol consumption, job satisfaction, psychological stress, psychological flexibility, social support and resilience...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912733/resilience-and-cognitive-bias-in-chinese-male-medical-freshmen
#3
Li Peng, Hong-Wen Cao, Yongju Yu, Min Li
BACKGROUND: Psychological resilience has become a hot issue in positive psychology research. However, little is known about cognitive bias difference of individuals with different resilience levels. This study aimed to explore the characteristics of cognitive bias and its role in Chinese medical freshmen with different resilience levels. METHODS: 312 Chinese medical freshmen were surveyed by the Chinese version of Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, 92 of whom were, respectively, allocated into high (n = 46) and low (n = 46) resilient group to complete computerized tests using an attentional shifting task and an emotional picture recognition task...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910130/and-still-we-rise-parent-child-relationships-resilience-and-school-readiness-in-low-income-urban-black-families
#4
Riana Elyse Anderson
The Family Stress Model acknowledges forms of resilience in the face of hardship; however, few studies have emerged on the potentially positive role of familial relationships in the academic, psychological, and prosocial success of impoverished Black children. The current study evaluates how parent-child relationship conflict and financial stress are associated with children's school readiness (i.e., academic, psychosocial, and socioemotional indicators). Latent profile analyses, incorporating financial stress, general stress, and parent-child relationship variables were used to test whether varying family stress profiles differentially predicted children's school readiness in Black families with children entering kindergarten (N = 292)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903795/rapid-triage-of-mental-health-risk-in-emergency-medical-workers-findings-from-typhoon-haiyan
#5
Lauren Sylwanowicz, Merritt Schreiber, Craig Anderson, Carlos Primero D Gundran, Emelie Santamaria, Jaifred Christian F Lopez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of a novel responder mental health self-triage system to predict post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in emergency medical responders after a disaster. METHODS: Participants in this study responded to Typhoon Haiyan, which struck the Philippines in November 2013. They completed the Psychological Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (PsySTART) responder triage tool, the PTSD Checklist (PCL-5) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8) shortly after responding to this disaster...
September 14, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895619/symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-professional-rugby-an-international-observational-descriptive-study
#6
Vincent Gouttebarge, Phil Hopley, Gino Kerkhoffs, Evert Verhagen, Wayne Viljoen, Paul Wylleman, Mike I Lambert
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders among professional rugby players across countries. A cross-sectional analysis of the baseline questionnaires from an ongoing prospective cohort study was conducted. Nine national players' associations and three rugby unions distributed questionnaires based on validated scales for assessing symptoms of common mental disorders. Among the whole study sample (N=990; overall response rate of 28%), prevalence (4-week) of symptoms of common mental disorders ranged from 15% for adverse alcohol use to 30% for anxiety/depression...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895503/needs-assessment-with-elder-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-implications-for-services-and-interventions
#7
Zeina Chemali, Christina P C Borba, Kelsey Johnson, Sama Khair, Gregory L Fricchione
Currently, over 1 million Syrian and Palestinian refugees have fled Syria to take refuge in Lebanon. Among this vulnerable population, elder refugees warrant particular concern, as they shoulder a host of additional health and safety issues that require additional resources. However, the specific needs of elder refugees are often overlooked, especially during times of crisis. Our study used a semi-structured interview to survey the needs of elder refugees and understand their perceived support from Lebanese fieldworkers...
September 12, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893747/the-health-and-well-being-of-australia-s-future-medical-doctors-protocol-for-a-5-year-observational-cohort-study-of-medical-trainees
#8
Erin Cvejic, Gordon Parker, Samuel B Harvey, Zachery Steel, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Claire L Macnamara, Uté Vollmer-Conna
INTRODUCTION: Clinical training in the undergraduate medical course places multiple stressors on trainees, which have been held to lead to heightened distress, depression, suicide, substance misuse/abuse and poor mental health outcomes. To date, evidence for morbidity in trainees is largely derived from cross-sectional survey-based research. This limits the accuracy of estimates and the extent to which predispositional vulnerabilities (biological and/or psychological), contextual triggers and longer-term consequences can be validly identified...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893298/learning-from-returnee-ethiopian-migrant-domestic-workers-a-qualitative-assessment-to-reduce-the-risk-of-human-trafficking
#9
Joanna Busza, Sehin Teferra, Serawit Omer, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: International migration has become a global political priority, with growing concern about the scale of human trafficking, hazardous work conditions, and resulting psychological and physical morbidity among migrants. Ethiopia remains a significant "source" country for female domestic workers to the Middle East and Gulf States, despite widespread reports of exploitation and abuse. Prior to introduction of a "safe migration" intervention, we conducted formative research to elicit lessons learned by women who had worked as domestic workers abroad...
September 11, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889827/multidisciplinary-family-centred-psychosocial-care-for-patients-with-chd-consensus-recommendations-from-the-aepc-psychosocial-working-group
#10
Elisabeth M W J Utens, Edward Callus, Eveline M Levert, Katya De Groote, Frank Casey
Because of the enormous advances in the medical treatment of CHD, the long-term survival of patients suffering from this disease has increased significantly. Currently, about 90% of patients reach adulthood, which entails many new challenges both for patients and their families and for healthcare professionals. The main objective of family-centred psychosocial care is to strengthen the emotional resilience of chronically ill patients and their families by adopting a holistic approach. During the biannual meeting of the psychosocial working group in 2012, participants expressed the need for general European guidelines...
September 11, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886675/self-criticism-and-depressive-symptoms-mediating-role-of-self-compassion
#11
Huaiyu Zhang, Natalie N Watson-Singleton, Sara E Pollard, Delishia M Pittman, Dorian A Lamis, Nicole L Fischer, Bobbi Patterson, Nadine J Kaslow
Self-compassion is gaining recognition as a resilience factor with implications for positive mental health. This study investigated the role of self-compassion in alleviating the effect of self-criticism on depressive symptoms. Participants were 147 urban, low-income African Americans with a recent suicide attempt. They were administered measures of self-criticism, depressive symptoms, and self-compassion. Results from this cross-sectional investigation showed that self-criticism was positively associated with depressive symptoms and negatively associated with self-compassion, and self-compassion was negatively associated with depressive symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886498/the-neurobiology-of-brain-recovery-from-traumatic-stress-a-longitudinal-dti-study
#12
Linghui Meng, Ying Chen, Xin Xu, Taolin Chen, Su Lui, Xiaoqi Huang, John A Sweeney, Kaiming Li, Qiyong Gong
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated decreased brain microstructure integrity in people that were exposed to extreme life stress but did not meet posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnostic criteria. It is unclear how the brain recovers from traumatic stress in these trauma-exposed non-PTSD people (TENP). METHODS: Twenty-two TENP individuals were recruited from the most affected area of Wenchuan quake, and scanned twenty-five days after the quake and at a two-year follow-up...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886409/relationships-among-grit-academic-performance-perceived-academic-failure-and-stress-in-associate-degree-students
#13
Wincy Wing Sze Lee
The present study examined the relationships among grit, academic performance, perceived academic failure, and stress levels of Hong Kong associate degree students using path analysis. Three hundred and forty-five students from a community college in Hong Kong voluntarily participated in the study. They completed a questionnaire that measured their grit (operationalized as interest and perseverance) and stress levels. The students also provided their actual academic performance and evaluated their perception of their academic performance as a success or a failure...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883772/comparison-of-resilience-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-women-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-normal-women
#14
Hosien Shahdadi, Abbas Balouchi, Ameneh Shaykh
INTRODUCTION: Resilience and Psychological Wellbeing are two important concepts in adaption of patients to chronic disease conditions. GOAL: To compare resilience and psychological wellbeing in women with irritable bowel syndrome and normal women. METHODS: This was an analytical-comparative study. The statistical population consisted of all patients with irritable bowel syndrome visiting Imam Ali Hospital in Zahedan. Of all patients, 50 female patients with irritable bowel syndrome and 50 normal women were randomly selected and matched...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873274/epigenetics-at-the-crossroads-between-genes-environment-and-resilience-in-anxiety-disorders
#15
REVIEW
M A Schiele, K Domschke
The pathogenesis of anxiety disorders is multifactorial, involving complex interactions between biological factors, environmental influences, and psychological mechanisms. Recent advances have highlighted the role of epigenetics in bridging the gap between multiple contributing risk factors towards an increased understanding of the pathomechanisms underlying anxiety. In this review, we present an overview of the current state of knowledge regarding putative risk mechanisms in the pathogenesis of anxiety disorders, placing a particular focus on the role of protective factors serving to buffer a risk factor constellation and the role epigenetic processes functioning as a potent turnstile changing passage direction towards disorder risk or resilience...
September 5, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866723/resilience-as-a-predicator-of-mental-health-of-incarcerated-women
#16
Ewa Sygit-Kowalkowska, Justyna Szrajda, Magdalena Weber-Rajek, Krzysztof Porażyński, Marcin Ziółkowski
OBJECTIVES: Serving a prison sentence is an experience that bears the hallmarks of a trauma. Scientific findings on how people handle traumatic The aim of the following research was to analyze the way in which psychological resilience differentiates mental states of incarcerated women and to identify the predicator of mental well-being in this group.experiences show that there are numerous personal and social resources that allow for better adaptation. One of the concepts used to describe the process reflecting relatively good adaptation is psychological resilience...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866317/resilience-and-psychopathology-among-victimized-youth-in-residential-care
#17
Anna Segura, Noemí Pereda, Georgina Guilera, Sherry Hamby
This study examines the role of several resilience resources in the relationship between lifetime victimization and mental health problems among adolescents in care. The sample comprised 127 adolescents (53.% females, aged 12-17 years) from residential care facilities in Catalonia, Spain. The Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire, the Youth Self-Report, and the Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire were used to assess victimization, psychological symptoms, and resilience respectively. Results indicated that poly-victimization was associated with fewer resources, and with an increased risk of mental health problems...
August 31, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861707/the-impact-of-a-required-longitudinal-stress-management-and-resilience-training-course-for-first-year-medical-students
#18
Liselotte N Dyrbye, Tait D Shanafelt, Ling Werner, Amit Sood, Daniel Satele, Alexandra P Wolanskyj
BACKGROUND: Although psychological distress is common among medical students, little remains known about effective interventions. One promising individual-focused approach is mindfulness-based stress management interventions; however, studies to date have relied on volunteers. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a required longitudinal stress management and resilience course improves well-being among first-year medical students. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental study...
August 31, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851469/community-resilience-psychological-resilience-and-depressive-symptoms-an-examination-of-the-mississippi-gulf-coast-10-years-after-hurricane-katrina-and-5-years-after-the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill
#19
Joohee Lee, Bret J Blackmon, David M Cochran, Bandana Kar, Timothy A Rehner, Mauri Stubbs Gunnell
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the role of community resilience and psychological resilience on depressive symptoms in areas on the Mississippi Gulf Coast that have experienced multiple disasters. METHODS: Survey administration took place in the spring of 2015 to a spatially stratified, random sample of households. This analysis included a total of 294 subjects who lived in 1 of the 3 counties of the Mississippi Gulf Coast at the time of both Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010...
August 30, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845852/-rare-diseases-in-post-genomic-era
#20
Simonetta Pulciani, Andrea Vittozzi, Stefano Diemoz, Emanuele Nutile, Domenica Taruscio
The Human Genome Project and the "-omics" technologies will in future provide genetic maps and biosynthetic pathways permitting personalized medical interventions directed at maintaining or restoring wellbeing. This is reflected in the strategy aims of 4P medicine in being: predictive, preventive, personalized, and participatory. The results obtained in the field of cystic fibrosis, with the cloning of CFTR gene, and use of Kalydeco®, have demonstrated how using the mentioned strategies could also have success in rare disease management...
July 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
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