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psychological resiliency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106572/training-in-positivity-for-stroke-a-qualitative-study-of-acceptability-of-use-of-positive-mental-training-posmt-as-a-tool-to-assist-stroke-survivors-with-post-stroke-psychological-problems-and-in-coping-with-rehabilitation
#1
Nahal Mavaddat, Sheila Ross, Alastair Dobbin, Kate Williams, Jonathan Graffy, Jonathan Mant
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke psychological problems predict poor recovery, while positive affect enables patients to focus on rehabilitation and may improve functional outcomes. Positive Mental Training (PosMT), a guided self-help audio shows promise as a tool in promoting positivity, optimism and resilience. OBJECTIVE: To assess acceptability of training in positivity with PosMT for prevention and management of post-stroke psychological problems and to help with coping with rehabilitation...
January 18, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105778/psychosocial-screening-and-management-of-young-people-aged-18-25-years-with-diabetes
#2
Helen d'Emden, Brett McDermott, Neisha D'Silva, Tom Dover, Tatjana Ewais, Kristen Gibbons, Trisha O'Moore-Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Routine psychosocial screening and management of people with diabetes is recommended. AIMS: To profile demographic, medical and psychosocial characteristics of young people with diabetes, and to develop a screening tool and care pathway for routine use. METHODS: Indices of diabetes control and recorded diabetes complications were complimented by psychosocial screening tools assessing psychological, diabetes specific, and perceived stress (K10, PAID, PSS), well-being (WHO-5), disordered eating ((EDI-3RC), compensatory behaviour questionnaire, social support (MSPSS), resilience (CD-2) and financial concerns...
January 20, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100062/prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychological-distress-of-middle-aged-and-older-women-living-with-hiv
#3
Fabiana Monteiro, Maria Cristina Canavarro, Marco Pereira
The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence and correlates of psychological distress among older women living with HIV in comparison to their male counterparts and younger women and to identify the sociodemographic and disease-related factors associated with psychological distress. The sample consisted of 508 HIV-infected patients (65 older women, 323 women aged below 50 years, and 120 older men) recruited from 10 Portuguese hospitals. Data regarding psychological distress were collected using the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI)...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097493/service-users-perceptions-of-an-outreach-wellbeing-service-a-social-enterprise-for-promoting-mental-health
#4
Sandra Elaine Hartley
Inadequate provision and limited access to mental healthcare has been highlighted with the need to offer more contemporary ways to provide clinically effective interventions. This study aimed to present an insight into service users' perceptions of an outreach Wellbeing Service (WBS), providing psychological therapy in social settings. Descriptive and thematic analysis was undertaken of 50 returned surveys. Comparison of initial and final mental health measures demonstrated a significant improvement in all outcomes with 96% of participants reporting being helped by attending...
January 17, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095209/psychological-factors-influence-the-overlap-syndrome-in-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-fgids-among-middle-aged-women-in-south-korea
#5
Seung-Ho Jang, Han-Seung Ryu, Suck-Chei Choi, Hye-Jin Lee, Sang-Yeol Lee
This study investigated psychological factors related to the overlap syndrome i.e., multiple gastrointestinal conditions that are part of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) in the same individual and potentially related to quality of life (QOL) among women aged 45-60 years (n = 627) in South Korea. The study was undertaken between July 2014 and March 2015. Depressive and anxiety symptoms were ascertained using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), respectively...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087797/the-cascading-effects-of-marginalization-and-pathways-of-resilience-in-attaining-good-health-among-lgbt-older-adults
#6
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Amanda E B Bryan, Chengshi Shiu, Charles A Emlet
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults comprise a diverse and growing health disparate population. In the present study, using the Health Equity Promotion Model, we investigated pathways by which LGBT older adults experience resilience, risk, and marginalization and their relationship to attaining positive health outcomes. DESIGN AND METHODS: Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS) is the first longitudinal research project designed to examine the health, aging, and well-being of LGBT adults aged 50 and older...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087796/prior-military-service-identity-stigma-and-mental-health-among-transgender-older-adults
#7
Charles P Hoy-Ellis, Chengshi Shiu, Kathleen M Sullivan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Allison M Sturges, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Converging evidence from large community-based samples, Internet studies, and Veterans Health Administration data suggest that transgender adults have high rates of U.S. military service. However, little is known about the role of prior military service in their mental health later in life, particularly in relation to identity stigma. In this article, we examine relationships between prior military service, identity stigma, and mental health among transgender older adults...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087794/bouncing-back-resilience-and-mastery-among-hiv-positive-older-gay-and-bisexual-men
#8
Charles A Emlet, Chengshi Shiu, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Adults with HIV infection are living into old age. It is critical we investigate positive constructs such as resilience and mastery to determine factors associated with psychological well-being. We examine HIV-related factors, adverse conditions, and psychosocial characteristics that are associated with resilience (the ability to bounce back) and mastery (sense of self-efficacy). DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed 2014 data from the longitudinal study Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS), focusing on a subsample of 335 gay and bisexual older men...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080970/differentiating-attention-styles-and-regulatory-aspects-of-self-reported-interoceptive-sensibility
#9
REVIEW
Wolf Mehling
Based on prior research, multiple discriminable dimensions of interoception have been defined: awareness, accuracy and sensibility. Some investigators defined interoceptive awareness as metacognitive awareness of interoceptive accuracy, assessed as correspondence between subjective confidence in and objective accuracy of one's heartbeat detection. However, metacognitive awareness has been understood quite differently: 'a cognitive set in which negative thoughts/feelings are experienced as mental events, rather than as the self' or as 'error awareness'...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073287/psychological-growth-and-well-being-in-individuals-born-with-cleft-an-application-of-self-determination-theory
#10
Aidan Searle, Patricia Neville, Andrea Waylen
OBJECTIVE: Many studies of individuals born with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) address the psychological impact of CLP in terms of stigma and/or 'resilience'. The present study challenges the usefulness of resilience in CLP research with the application of self-determination theory (SDT). It is proposed that SDT can serve to better understand how individuals born with CLP can achieve psychological growth and well-being. DESIGN: Interviews were conducted with 15 individuals born with CLP in the UK...
January 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071866/exploration-of-the-psychosocial-issues-associated-with-gastroparesis-a-qualitative-investigation
#11
Sally Woodhouse, Geoff Hebbard, Simon R Knowles
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To build on the understanding of how individuals experience gastroparesis, how gastroparesis impacts on their lives, and how they adapt to living with gastroparesis. BACKGROUND: Gastroparesis is a neurogastroenterological disorder associated with increased psychological distress and reduced quality of life. Research shows that gastroparesis poses a significant burden across many facets of life, however less is known about how individuals cope and adapt to living with the condition...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069345/patients-perspectives-on-quality-of-life-after-burn
#12
Marianne B Kool, Rinie Geenen, Marthe R Egberts, Hendriët Wanders, Nancy E Van Loey
BACKGROUND: The concept quality of life (QOL) refers to both health-related outcomes and one's skills to reach these outcomes, which is not yet incorporated in the burn-related QOL conceptualisation. The aim of this study was to obtain a comprehensive overview of relevant burn-specific domains of QOL from the patient's perspective and to determine its hierarchical structure. METHODS: Concept mapping was used comprising a focus group (n=6), interviews (n=25), and a card-sorting task (n=24) in burn survivors...
January 6, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061976/neuroendocrine-underpinnings-of-increased-risk-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-women
#13
M A Briscione, V Michopoulos, T Jovanovic, S D Norrholm
Women are particularly vulnerable to the effects of psychological trauma and the development of trauma-, stressor-, and anxiety-related mental illnesses such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In the current chapter, we examine the female hormonal systems that interact with psychobiological stress response systems to elicit maladaptive behavior and mental disease states in traumatized female populations. In addition, we provide a contemporary translational example of a stress vulnerability genomic profile (coding for pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide) that may underlie the specific susceptibilities observed in women...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056359/childhood-adversity-and-adult-depression-the-protective-role-of-psychological-resilience
#14
Julia C Poole, Keith S Dobson, Dennis Pusch
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), such as childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction, have been identified as salient risk factors for adult depression. However, not all individuals who experience ACEs go on to develop depression. The extent to which resilience- or the ability to demonstrate stable levels of functioning despite adversity- may act as a buffer against depression among individuals with a history of ACEs has not been adequately examined. To address the associations between ACEs, depression, and resilience, 4006 adult participants were recruited from primary care clinics...
January 2, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052491/strength-through-adversity-moderate-lifetime-stress-exposure-is-associated-with-psychological-resilience-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#15
Larissa N Dooley, George M Slavich, Patricia I Moreno, Julienne E Bower
Stress research typically emphasizes the toxic effects of stress, but recent evidence has suggested that stress exposure, in moderation, can facilitate resilience. To test whether moderate stress exposure promotes psychological resilience to cancer, we examined the relationship between lifetime stress exposure prior to cancer diagnosis and postdiagnosis psychological functioning among 122 breast cancer survivors. Lifetime acute and chronic stress was assessed using an interview-based measure, and psychological functioning was assessed using measures of cancer-related intrusive thoughts and positive and negative affect...
January 4, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040447/demographics-phenotypic-health-characteristics-and-genetic-analysis-of-centenarians-in-china
#16
REVIEW
Yi Zeng, Qiushi Feng, Danan Gu, James W Vaupel
After a brief introduction to the background, significance and unique features of the centenarian population in China, we describe the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study (CLHLS), which is the world's largest study of centenarians, nonagenarians, octogenarians, and compatible young-old aged 65-79. Based on the CLHLS data and other relevant studies, we summarize demographic and socioeconomic characteristics as well as self-reported and objectively-tested health indicators of centenarians in China, with an emphasis on gender differences and rural/urban disparities...
December 28, 2016: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032777/a-diversified-portfolio-model-of-adaptability
#17
Siddharth Chandra, Frederick T L Leong
A new model of adaptability, the diversified portfolio model (DPM) of adaptability, is introduced. In the 1950s, Markowitz developed the financial portfolio model by demonstrating that investors could optimize the ratio of risk and return on their portfolios through risk diversification. The DPM integrates attractive features of a variety of models of adaptability, including Linville's self-complexity model, the risk and resilience model, and Bandura's social cognitive theory. The DPM draws on the concept of portfolio diversification, positing that diversified investment in multiple life experiences, life roles, and relationships promotes positive adaptation to life's challenges...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018251/effect-of-growth-mindset-on-school-engagement-and-psychological-well-being-of-chinese-primary-and-middle-school-students-the-mediating-role-of-resilience
#18
Guang Zeng, Hanchao Hou, Kaiping Peng
The objective of positive education is not only to improve students' well-being but also their academic performance. As an important concept in positive education, growth mindset refers to core assumptions about the malleability of a person's intellectual abilities. The present study investigates the relation of growth mindsets to psychological well-being and school engagement. The study also explores the mediating function of resilience in this relation. We recruited a total of 1260 (658 males and 602 females) Chinese students from five diversified primary and middle schools...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993585/resilience-and-function-in-adults-with-physical-disabilities-an-observational-study
#19
Samuel L Battalio, Arielle M Silverman, Dawn M Ehde, Dagmar Amtmann, Karlyn A Edwards, Mark P Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To determine if resilience is uniquely associated with functional outcomes (satisfaction with social roles, physical functioning, and quality of life) in individuals with physical disabilities, after controlling for measures of psychological health (depression and anxiety) and symptom severity (pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance). We also examined the potential moderating effect of gender, age, and diagnosis on the hypothesized associations between resilience and function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990703/-you-never-come-back-the-same-the-challenge-of-spiritual-care-in-a-deployed-military-nursing-context
#20
Andrew Ormsby, Ann Harrington, Sally Borbasi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experience of spirituality and spiritual care by military nurses on deployed operations. BACKGROUND: Despite an increasing body of research addressing spirituality in nursing care in a variety of clinical settings, the deployed military nursing context remains poorly understood. DESIGN: A qualitative, philosophical hermeneutic design. METHOD: Ten Australian military nurses were interviewed about their experiences of spirituality and spiritual care while on deployed operations...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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