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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813365/-yes-we-can-review-on-team-confidence-in-sports
#1
REVIEW
Katrien Fransen, Niels Mertens, Deborah Feltz, Filip Boen
During the last decade, team confidence has received more and more attention in the sport psychology literature. Research has demonstrated that athletes who are more confident in their team's abilities exert more effort, set more challenging goals, are more resilient when facing adversities, and ultimately perform better. This article reviews the existing literature in order to provide more clarity in terms of the conceptualization and the operationalization of team confidence. We thereby distinguish between collective efficacy (i...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813342/recent-developments-in-team-resilience-research-in-elite-sport
#2
REVIEW
Paul Bc Morgan, David Fletcher, Mustafa Sarkar
In this paper we review recent developments in team resilience research in elite sport. Although resilience has become a popular and well-researched topic from an individual (psychological) perspective, less attention has been paid to whether this construct is conceptually and operationally robust at a group level. In this review, we provide an overview of definitional aspects of team resilience followed by an outline of research in the general psychology literature, and a discussion of the findings of the first two studies of team resilience in elite sport...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813249/neuroendocrine-mechanisms-for-parental-sensitivity-overview-recent-advances-and-future-directions
#3
REVIEW
James E Swain, Shao-Hsuan Shaun Ho
Early parent-infant relationships play important roles in infants' development. New parents adapt to the developing relationship with their infants to coordinate parenting behaviors in the milieu of infant needs, hormones, moods, and stress. This review highlights research from the past two years, using non-invasive brain-imaging techniques and naturalistic tasks in mothers and fathers in relation to psychological, and endocrine measures. Recent work also connects parental brain physiology with parental sensitive behavior, parent/child outcomes and parent psychotherapy...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810969/a-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-combat-and-operational-stress-control-restoration-center-in-afghanistan
#4
Jason L Judkins, Devvon L Bradley
BACKGROUND: The management of Combat and Operational Stress Reactions (COSR) within an operational environment is a multidimensional process. The aim is to help prevent behavioral health problems, preserve combat power, and increase return to duty rates for combat stress related casualties. In some COSR cases, enhanced services are required and the Combat and Operational Stress Control (COSC) Clinic refers Service Members (SMs) to the Freedom Restoration Clinic (FRC). The purpose was to describe a deployed restoration center in Afghanistan and examine the long-term effectiveness of those services...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805719/factors-affecting-depressive-symptoms-among-north-korean-adolescent-refugees-residing-in-south-korea
#5
Subin Park, Minji Lee, Jin Yong Jeon
We examined factors affecting the depressive symptoms and the relationship between depression and quality of life among 131 North Korean adolescent refugees aged 12-24 years. We compared sociodemographic, social, and individual characteristics and perceived the quality of life between participants with and without depression. Thirty-seven refugees (28.2%) had clinically significant depressive symptoms. The refugees with depression were younger (t = 2.67; p = 0.009), more likely to be male (χ² = 6.98; p = 0...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805122/the-inear-programme-an-existential-positive-psychology-intervention-for-resilience-and-emotional-wellbeing
#6
Aneta D Tunariu, Rachel Tribe, Dan Frings, Ian P Albery
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new psychological intervention, the iNEAR, which is a resilience and wellbeing programme consisting of a classroom based set of activities designed to facilitate the formation of positive identities through the acquisition of skills for growth and personal flourishing. Three hundred and fifty-four young people aged 11 and 12, matched for age and gender, were randomly allocated to the intervention (84 girls; 80 boys) and control conditions (93 girls; 96 boys)...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804983/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-profiles-of-psychological-thriving-resilience-and-loss-in-people-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Fuschia M Sirois, Jameson K Hirsch
OBJECTIVES: Despite the toll of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on adjustment, many patients are resilient to the challenges associated with living with IBD, and successfully cope with their illness and thrive. Yet there is little research on why some individuals with IBD enter a trajectory of growth, while others may struggle to adapt. The aim of this study was to investigate the adjustment-related factors that distinguished thriving, resilience, and loss in people with IBD across personal growth, life satisfaction, and relationship quality domains...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801868/resilience-in-women-who-experience-domestic-violence
#8
Konstantinos Tsirigotis, Joanna Łuczak
Violence in the family constitutes a serious social and psychological problem with harmful consequences leading, among others, to changes in the psychological functioning of the victim and, secondarily, also the perpetrator. The aim of this study was to examine resilience in women experiencing domestic violence. The "Ego Resiliency Scale" (ERS) was used to study the group of women suffering domestic violence. The study group included 52 women aged 30-65 years (mean age: 40.15) using assistance of the Crisis Intervention Centre due to experienced domestic violence...
August 12, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799415/evaluation-of-the-revised-sense-of-coherence-scale-in-a-sample-of-older-adults-a-means-to-assess-resilience-aspects
#9
Shauna L Mc Gee, Jan Höltge, Andreas Maercker, Myriam V Thoma
OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the revised Sense of Coherence (SOC-R) scale in a sample of older adults, using an extended range of psychological concepts. It further examined the psychometric properties of the revised scale and tested the theoretical assumptions underpinning the SOC-R concept. METHOD: The SOC-R scale was evaluated in 268 Swiss older adults (mean age = 66.9 years), including n = 15 heavily traumatized former indentured child labourers. Standardised questionnaires collected information on positive and negative life experiences, resources, current health, and well-being...
August 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798714/buffering-impostor-feelings-with-kindness-the-mediating-role-of-self-compassion-between-gender-role-orientation-and-the-impostor-phenomenon
#10
Alexandra Patzak, Marlene Kollmayer, Barbara Schober
The impostor phenomenon (IP) refers to high-achievers who underestimate their abilities and thus fear being unmasked as impostors. IP sufferers attribute their success to factors other than their abilities, entailing negative emotions, unfavorable motivations, and reduced well-being. The IP was originally conceptualized as a predominantly female experience, and is thus seen as an important psychological barrier for female academic careers. Empirical findings of gender differences in the IP are equivocal, but sparse research on associations between gender-role orientation and the IP indicates that feminine students suffer more intensely from the IP than masculine students...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792288/resilience-and-active-coping-style-effects-on-the-self-reported-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients
#11
Ovidiu Popa-Velea, Liliana Diaconescu, Mara Jidveian Popescu, Carmen Truţescu
Objective This study aimed to assess the association between resilience, active coping styles and the self-perceived quality of life in cancer patients. Additionally, we evaluated the contribution brought to quality of life by demographic variables (age, gender, occupational status) and medical ones (tumour, node and metastasis [TNM] stage, time from diagnosis, number of treatment lines). Methods The study design was cross-sectional. One hundred and seventy-eight patients (94 males, 84 females; mean age 56...
March 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790142/stress-resilience-and-cancer-risk-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#12
Beatrice Kennedy, Fang Fang, Unnur Valdimarsdóttir, Ruzan Udumyan, Scott Montgomery, Katja Fall
BACKGROUND: Stress resilience is recognised as a determinant of both psychiatric and somatic health, but the potential link between stress resilience and cancer development has not been explored. METHODS: In this nationwide cohort study, we examined the association between stress resilience in adolescence and subsequent cancer risk. We identified a cohort of 284 257 Swedish men, born 1952-1956, who underwent compulsory military enlistment examinations including measures of psychological stress resilience (median age 18 years)...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789755/measuring-resilience-in-two-generations-psychometric-properties-of-available-instruments
#13
Marlene Z Cohen, Kevin A Kupzyk, Lyn M Holley, Rabbi Mendel Katzman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study examines measures of resilience to identify the best available measure for future research to assess efficacy of a low-cost intervention that enhances resilience of older adults and youth (i.e., intergenerational transfer of ethnic culture). METHODS: Scanning the literature produced no obvious choice; 3 measures showed promise: the Wagnild-Young Resilience Scale, Windle-Markland-Woods Psychological Resilience Scale, and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC); 200 ethnicityalike older adults and 192 youths completed all three scales...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789524/glucuronidated-flavonoids-in-neurological-protection-structural-analysis-and-approaches-for-chemical-and-biological-synthesis
#14
Maite Docampo, Adiji Olubu, Xiaoqiang Wang, Giulio M Pasinetti, Richard Arthur Dixon
Both plant and mammalian cells express glucuronosyltransferases that catalyze glucuronidation of polyphenols such as flavonoids and other small molecules. Oral administration of select polyphenolic compounds leads to the accumulation of the corresponding glucuronidated metabolites at µM and sub-µM concentrations in the brain, associated with amelioration of a range of neurological symptoms. Determining the mechanisms whereby botanical extracts impact cognitive wellbeing and psychological resiliency will require investigation of the modes of action of the brain-targeted metabolites...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781901/enkephalins-endogenous-analgesics-with-an-emerging-role-in-stress-resilience
#15
REVIEW
Mathilde S Henry, Louis Gendron, Marie-Eve Tremblay, Guy Drolet
Psychological stress is a state of mental or emotional strain or tension that results from adverse or demanding circumstances. Chronic stress is well known to induce anxiety disorders and major depression; it is also considered a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. Stress resilience is a positive outcome that is associated with preserved cognition and healthy aging. Resilience presents psychological and biological characteristics intrinsic to an individual conferring protection against the development of psychopathologies in the face of adversity...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777658/role-of-combat-exposure-and-insomnia-in-student-veterans-adaptation-to-college
#16
James J McGuffin, Shelley A Riggs, Daniel J Taylor
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Since 2002, the number of college student veterans has nearly doubled, although 30-40% of veterans fail to complete their degree. Few research efforts to understand the challenges veterans face transitioning to college in recent years have looked beyond the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder. Insomnia is the most frequently reported symptom of combat veterans and can have serious implications for college students. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of insomnia in student veteran adaptation to college relative to civilian students...
August 4, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776205/psychological-factors-that-link-socioeconomic-status-to-depression-anxiety-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#17
Desiree R Azizoddin, Geraldine Zamora-Racaza, Sarah R Ormseth, Lekeisha A Sumner, Chelsie Cost, Julia R Ayeroff, Michael H Weisman, Perry M Nicassio
Our analyses examined whether reserve capacity factors would explain the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and symptoms of depression/anxiety in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We assessed disease activity, depression/anxiety symptoms, and intrapersonal and interpersonal reserve capacity measures in 128 patients with SLE. Multiple meditational analyses revealed that intrapersonal and interpersonal psychosocial aspects of reserve capacity fully mediated the relationship between SES and depression/anxiety...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774788/does-psychological-resilience-buffer-against-the-link-between-the-5-httlpr-polymorphism-and-depression-following-stress
#18
Christopher F Sharpley, David R H Christie, Vicki Bitsika, Nicholas M Andronicos, Linda L Agnew, Mary E McMillan
The comparative strength of the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism as a 'predictor' of depression after major stress, versus the 'protective' effect of psychological resilience (PR) against depression after major stress, was tested in a homogeneous sample of older men who had all received a diagnosis and treatment for prostate cancer. Results supported the association between PR and lower depression after stress, but did not support the association between the 5-HTTLPR and elevated depression after stress. Examination of PR at scale, factor, and item level identified the specific PR-related behaviour that was the most powerful predictor of low depression...
July 31, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751489/common-attributes-in-retired-professional-cricketers-that-may-enhance-or-hinder-quality-of-life-after-retirement-a-qualitative-study
#19
Stephanie R Filbay, Felicity Bishop, Nicholas Peirce, Mary E Jones, Nigel K Arden
OBJECTIVES: Retired professional cricketers shared unique experiences and may possess specific psychological attributes with potential to influence quality of life (QOL). Additionally, pain and osteoarthritis can be common in retired athletes which may negatively impact QOL. However, QOL in retired athletes is poorly understood. This study explores the following questions from the personal perspective of retired cricketers: How do retired cricketers perceive and experience musculoskeletal pain and function in daily life? Are there any psychological attributes that might enhance or hinder retired cricketers' QOL? DESIGN: A qualitative study using semistructured interviews, which were subject to inductive, thematic analysis...
July 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750246/healing-and-or-breaking-the-mental-health-implications-of-repeated-economic-insecurity
#20
Barry Watson, Lars Osberg
Current literature confirms the negative consequences of contemporaneous economic insecurity for mental health, but ignores possible implications of repeated insecurity. This paper asks how much a person's history of economic insecurity matters for psychological distress by contrasting the implications of two models. Consistent with the health capital literature, the Healing model suggests psychological distress is a stock variable affected by shocks from life events, with past events having less impact than more recent shocks...
July 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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