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psychological resiliency

Jonathan Delman, Vanessa V Klodnick
Peer providers are a promising practice for transition-age youth community mental health treatment engagement and support, yet little is known about the experience of being a young adult peer provider or what helps to make an individual in this role successful. Utilizing a capital theory lens, this study uses data from focus groups (two with young adult peer providers and two with their supervisors) to examine facilitators of young adult peer provider success in community mental health treatment settings. Eight factors were identified as critical to young adult peer provider on-the-job success: persistence, job confidence, resilience, job training, skilled communications with colleagues, regular and individualized supervision, support from colleagues, and family support...
October 22, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
Stefan E Schulenberg
This article serves as an introduction to the Journal of Clinical Psychology's special issue on disaster mental health and positive psychology. The special issue comprises two sections. The first section presents a series of data-driven articles and research-informed reviews examining meaning and resilience in the context of natural and technological disasters. The second section presents key topics in the area of disaster mental health, with particular relevance for positive psychology and related frameworks...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Zhi Ye, Lihua Chen, Sayward E Harrison, Haiying Guo, Xiaoming Li, Danhua Lin
Peer victimization can have a profound effect on children's wellbeing and is a known risk factor for depression in childhood. Migrant children experience peer victimization at higher rates than non-migrant peers; however, limited research has examined psychological factors that may serve to reduce depression risk for this group. In particular, no studies have yet investigated whether resilience, including personal characteristics, and a strong social support network, may moderate the relationship between peer victimization and depressive symptoms for migrant children...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Camilla Callegari, Lorenza Bertù, Melissa Lucano, Marta Ielmini, Elena Braggio, Simone Vender
BACKGROUND: In recent years resilience has gained clinical relevance in sociological, psychological, and medical disciplines, and a lot of scales measuring resilience have been developed and have been utilized in the western countries. The aim of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the 14-item Resilience Scale (RS-14), by describing its validity and reliability. As agreed with the authors of the original English version of the RS-14, it was translated into Italian...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Nicola M Grissom, Robert George, Teresa M Reyes
Nutritional conditions in early life can have a lasting impact on health and disease risk, though the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. In the healthy individual, physiological and behavioral responses to stress are coordinated in such a way as to mobilize resources necessary to respond to the stressor and to terminate the stress response at the appropriate time. Induction of proinflammatory gene expression within the brain is one such example that is initiated in response to both physiological and psychological stressors, and is the focus of the current study...
October 15, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Kartavya J Vyas, Susan F Fesperman, Bonnie J Nebeker, Steven K Gerard, Nicholas D Boyd, Eileen M Delaney, Jennifer A Webb-Murphy, Scott L Johnston
The present study investigates the role of psychological resilience in protecting against the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and comorbid PTSD and depression; and estimates the percent reductions in incidence of, and associated treatment cost savings for, each condition as a function of increasing resilience. A retrospective cohort of mental health care-seeking service members (n = 2,171) completed patient-reported outcome measures approximately every 10 weeks as part of the Psychological Health Pathways program...
October 2016: Military Medicine
James M Shultz, Janice L Cooper, Florence Baingana, Maria A Oquendo, Zelde Espinel, Benjamin M Althouse, Louis Herns Marcelin, Sherry Towers, Maria Espinola, Clyde B McCoy, Laurie Mazurik, Milton L Wainberg, Yuval Neria, Andreas Rechkemmer
The 2013-2016 West Africa Ebola virus disease pandemic was the largest, longest, deadliest, and most geographically expansive outbreak in the 40-year interval since Ebola was first identified. Fear-related behaviors played an important role in shaping the outbreak. Fear-related behaviors are defined as "individual or collective behaviors and actions initiated in response to fear reactions that are triggered by a perceived threat or actual exposure to a potentially traumatizing event. FRBs modify the future risk of harm...
November 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
Isabela Dos Passos Porto, Fernando Luiz Cardoso, Cinara Sacomori
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association of team sports practice and physical and psychological factors with sexual adjustment in men with paraplegia. More specifically, we aimed to compare athletes and non-athletes regarding sexual adjustment, resilience, body and sexual self-esteem, and functional independence. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with a paired design. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 60 men with paraplegia (30 athletes and 30 non-athletes)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Isabela Dos Porto, Fernando Luiz Cardoso, Cinara Sacomori
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association of team sports practice and physical and psychological factors with sexual adjustment in men with paraplegia. More specifically, we aimed to compare athletes and non-athletes regarding sexual adjustment, resilience, body and sexual self-esteem, and functional independence. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with a paired design. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 60 men with paraplegia (30 athletes and 30 non-athletes)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Nimmi Hutnik, Pam Smith, Tina Koch
AIM: In 2010, we interviewed 16 UK centenarians about their lives and later published a paper on the socio-emotional aspects of positive ageing. We were struck by their ability to 'move on' from difficult situations which we recognized conceptually as 'resilience'. In the effort to understand aspects of resilience as portrayed in their stories, we re-examined their data. METHODOLOGY: In the original study, we used participatory action research (PAR) for its storytelling and group process components...
April 2016: Nurs Open
Ikuko Nishio, Masami Chujo
BACKGROUND: Resilience strategies are what we use to avoid and recover from error. In this study, we used the grounded theory approach to evaluate the resilience of Japanese patients with Type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 adults with Type 1 diabetes. Then, using grounded theory, we created a new model of resilience in this population. RESULTS: The results suggested a core category, "to make progress along the resilience path," comprising seven concepts classified into three stages...
September 2016: Yonago Acta Medica
Maj Vinberg
This study investigated a high-risk sample in order to elucidate risk factors for affective disorder. Healthy monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins with and without a co-twin with a history of affective disorder were identified through nationwide registers. Two risk groups were identified: the high-risk group comprised twins at risk of developing affective disorder (DZ or MZ twin; index co-twin affected); the low risk group (control group) comprised twins at low risk of developing affective disorder (DZ or MZ twin; index co-twin not affected)...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Ann C Long, Erin K Kross, J Randall Curtis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Family-centered outcomes during and after critical illness assess issues that are most important to family members. An understanding of family-centered outcomes is necessary to support the provision of family-centered care and to foster development of interventions to improve care and communication in the ICU. RECENT FINDINGS: Current family-centered outcomes in critical care include satisfaction with care, including end-of-life care, symptoms of psychological distress, and health-related quality of life...
September 28, 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
K-L Edward, K Ousey
: The aim of this commentary is to discuss potential clinical implications of introducing resilience-building interventions into care for veterans who are living with a war wound. Some war veterans are expected to live with a wound upon discharge from an active military role and also to fit into civilian life. These lifestyle adjustments can tax the person's coping abilities and in that context may hinder successful adaptation. The experience of living with a wound or wounds, either acute or chronic, is connected to losses, including loss of mobility, loss of financial capacity (unable to work at times) and losses attached to changed social roles...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Wound Care
Martine Hébert, Rachel Langevin, Elisa Guidi, Anne Claude Bernard-Bonnin, Claire Allard-Dansereau
OBJECTIVE: Child sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with a host of deleterious impacts, yet little is known on the short-term correlates in children. This study aimed to investigate the association between dissociation and sleep problems in a sample of preschool-aged sexual abuse victims, while controlling for potentially confounding variables, including gender, age, polytrauma, CSA characteristics and parental distress. METHOD: The sample consisted of 179 children (ages 3-6 years) and their non-offending parent...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
M Parkinson, S M Carr, R Rushmer, C Abley
INTRODUCTION: Advances in longevity and medicine mean that many more people in the UK survive life-threatening diseases but are instead susceptible to life-limiting diseases such as dementia. Within the next 10 years those affected by dementia in the UK is set to rise to over 1 million, making reliance on family care of people with dementia (PWD) essential. A central challenge is how to improve family carer support to offset the demands made by dementia care which can jeopardise carers' own health...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Janet R Kahn, William Collinge, Robert Soltysik
BACKGROUND: Veterans with history of deployment in the Global War on Terror face significant and ongoing challenges with high prevalences of adverse psychological, physical, spiritual, and family impacts. Together, these challenges contribute to an emerging public health crisis likely to extend well into the future. Innovative approaches are needed that reach veterans and their family members with strategies they can employ over time in their daily lives to promote improved adjustment and well-being...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Michael R Bowden, Looi C Ee, Usha Krishnan, Edward V O'Loughlin, Winita Hardikar, Diana Carmody, Cassandra Hainsworth, Vicki Jermyn, Mee-Mee Lee, Janine Sawyer, Michael Stormon, Kathe Holmes, Daniel A Lemberg, Andrew S Day, Campbell Paul, Philip Hazell
OBJECTIVES: Research is lacking into the emotional effects on families of serious chronic illness in infants. We examined the impact of the diagnosis of serious liver disease in infants upon parent psychological symptoms and family functioning. We hypothesized that parent psychological symptoms, family functioning and father engagement will predict infant emotional outcomes. METHODS: Parents of infants recently diagnosed with serious liver disease completed validated questionnaires about parent stress, family function, impact of the illness on the family, and father engagement...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Nirit Geva, Jens Pruessner, Ruth Defrin
INTRODUCTION: Triathletes, who constantly engage in intensely stressful sport, were recently found to exhibit greater pain tolerance and more efficient pain inhibition capabilities than non athletes. However, pain inhibition correlated negatively with retrospective reports of mental stress during training and competition. The aim of the current study was to test pain inhibition capabilities of triathletes under acute, controlled psychological stress manipulation. METHODS: Participants were 25 triathletes and ironman triathletes who underwent the measurement of pain-threshold, pain-intolerance, tonic suprathreshold pain and conditioned pain modulation (CPM) before and during exposure to the Montreal Imaging Stress Task (MIST)...
September 23, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Karlijn J Joling, Gill Windle, Rose-Marie Dröes, Franka Meiland, Hein P J van Hout, Janet MacNeil Vroomen, Peter M van de Ven, Esmé Moniz-Cook, Bob Woods
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although caring for a person with dementia can be stressful, some caregivers appear to experience few negative consequences to their well-being. This study aimed to examine what proportion of caregivers demonstrates resilience under different challenging circumstances and to identify factors related to their resilience. METHODS: Baseline data from 4 studies from the Netherlands and UK among informal caregivers of people with dementia were harmonized and integrated...
September 27, 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
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