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psychological resiliency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521645/exploring-protective-strategies-among-rural-women-in-an-abusive-relationship
#1
Kim M Anderson, Lynette M Renner, Tina L Bloom
The purpose of this study was to explore rural women's accounts of intimate partner violence and the strategies they used to protect themselves from such adversity. Convenience sampling included women currently in an abusive relationship (N = 22), who were receiving mental health services at a rural victim-service provider. Standardized measures indicated, on average, that study participants were symptomatic for depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet exhibited higher resilience than other PTSD populations...
May 19, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511738/positive-psychology-outcome-measures-for-family-caregivers-of-people-living-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#2
Jacki Stansfeld, Charlotte R Stoner, Jennifer Wenborn, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Esme Moniz-Cook, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers of people living with dementia can have both positive and negative experiences of caregiving. Despite this, existing outcome measures predominately focus on negative aspects of caregiving such as burden and depression. This review aimed to evaluate the development and psychometric properties of existing positive psychology measures for family caregivers of people living with dementia to determine their potential utility in research and practice. METHOD: A systematic review of positive psychology outcome measures for family caregivers of people with dementia was conducted...
May 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506777/beyond-negative-pain-related-psychological-factors-resilience-is-related-to-lower-pain-affect-in-healthy-adults
#3
Kasey S Hemington, Joshua C Cheng, Rachael L Bosma, Anton Rogachov, Junseok A Kim, Karen D Davis
Resilience, a characteristic that enhances adaptation in response to stressful events, is a positive psychological factor that can predict and modulate health outcomes. However, resilience is rarely considered in pain research. Conversely, negative psychological factors (e.g. anxiety, depression) are known to be related to the affective dimension of pain. It is critical to understand all potential psychological drivers of pain affect, a prominent component of chronic pain. We tested the hypothesis that higher resilience is associated with lower pain affect, above-and-beyond the predictive value of negative psychological factors...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502265/psychological-autopsy-study-comparing-suicide-decedents-suicide-ideators-and-propensity-score-matched-controls-results-from-the-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-service-members-army-starrs
#4
M K Nock, C L Dempsey, P A Aliaga, D A Brent, S G Heeringa, R C Kessler, M B Stein, R J Ursano, D Benedek
BACKGROUND: The suicide rate has increased significantly among US Army soldiers over the past decade. Here we report the first results from a large psychological autopsy study using two control groups designed to reveal risk factors for suicide death among soldiers beyond known sociodemographic factors and the presence of suicide ideation. METHODS: Informants were next-of-kin and Army supervisors for: 135 suicide cases, 137 control soldiers propensity-score-matched on known sociodemographic risk factors for suicide and Army history variables, and 118 control soldiers who reported suicide ideation in the past year...
May 15, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499564/socio-demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-posttraumatic-growth-among-korean-americans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-life-experiences
#5
Gyeong-Suk Jeon, So-Young Park, Kunsook S Bernstein
This study examined socio-demographic and psychological correlates of posttraumatic growth (PTG) among Korean Americans (KAs) with traumatic life experiences. A total of 286 KAs were included. Being a woman or having a lower annual household income had positive associations with PTG, while having no religion had a negative association with it. In addition, praying and visiting a mental health professional for coping with stress or for psychological problems was positively associated with PTG. Higher resilience scores increased PTG, while depressive symptoms decreased it...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499209/precursors-in-adolescence-of-adult-onset-bipolar-disorder
#6
Ayako Hiyoshi, Julia A Sabet, Hugo Sjöqvist, Carren Melinder, Robert J Brummer, Scott Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Although the estimated contribution of genetic factors is high in bipolar disorder, environmental factors may also play a role. This Swedish register-based cohort study of men examined if physical and psychological characteristics in late adolescence, including factors previously linked with bipolar disorder (body mass index, asthma and allergy), are associated with subsequent bipolar disorder in adulthood. Unipolar depression and anxiety are analysed as additional outcomes to identify bipolar disorder-specific associations...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488289/adversity-and-resilience-amongst-resettling-western-australian-paediatric-refugees
#7
Gemma Hanes, Lydia Sung, Raewyn Mutch, Sarah Cherian
AIM: Cumulative adverse childhood experiences have long-term consequences and may manifest within and influence health, educational and psychosocial domains. The Princess Margaret Hospital Refugee Health Service (RHS) undertakes multidisciplinary screening of refugee children <16 years, allowing standardised identification of negative childhood experiences. Addition of the extended Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in 2014 aimed to augment psychological assessment of this cohort...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486082/bereavement-of-israeli-arab-muslim-widows-determinants-of-adjustment-and-supporting-attributes
#8
Hend Yasien-Esmael, Yohanan Eshel, Simon Shimshon Rubin
Cultural-specific determinants of coping with widowhood were investigated by the Two-Track-Bereavement Model. Participants were 93 middle aged and middle class Israeli Arab Muslim widows. Factor analysis emitted four factors of adjusting to widowhood. The suffering and resilience factors and the total scale score were consistently correlated with personality attributes, whereas demographics were associated mainly with the suffering factor and the total scale score. The factors differed from the factors characteristic of Israeli Jewish bereaved, which emphasize the need to examine models of bereavement in cross-cultural perspective and to account for the interaction of cultural effects with psychological processes...
May 9, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475732/report-nia-workshop-on-measures-of-physiologic-resiliencies-in-human-aging
#9
Evan C Hadley, George A Kuchel, Anne B Newman
Background/Objectives: Resilience, the ability to resist or recover from adverse effects of a stressor, is of widespread interest in social, psychologic, biologic, and medical research and particularly salient as the capacity to respond to stressors becomes diminished with aging. To date, research on human resilience responses to and factors influencing these responses has been limited. Methods: The National Institute on Aging convened a workshop in August 2015 on needs for research to improve measures to predict and assess resilience in human aging...
May 5, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466116/cultural-sensitive-care-provision-in-a-public-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-centre-a-case-study-from-the-toulouse-university-hospital-intercultural-consultation
#10
Gesine Sturm, Sylvie Bonnet, Yolaine Coussot, Katja Journot, Jean-Philippe Raynaud
Child and adolescent mental health services in Europe are confronted with children with increasingly diverse socio-cultural backgrounds. Clinicians encounter cultural environments of hyperdiversity in terms of languages and countries of origin, growing diversity within groups, and accelerated change with regards to social and administrational situations (Hannah, in: DelVecchio Good et al. (eds) Shattering culture: American medicine responds to cultural diversity, Russel Sage Foundation, New York, 2011). Children and families who live in these complex constellations face multiple vulnerabilizing factors related to overlapping or intersecting social identities (Crenshaw in Univ Chic Leg Forum 140:139-167, 1989)...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464972/the-influence-of-psychological-factors-on-the-burden-of-caregivers-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer-resiliency-and-caregiver-burden
#11
Carolina Palacio, Alicia Krikorian, Joaquín T Limonero
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to identify the influence of such psychological factors as emotional intelligence and perceived competence on caregiver burden in those who care for patients with advanced cancer. METHOD: A total of 50 informal caregivers completed self-report assessments of resilience, perceived competence, emotional regulation, positive aspects of care, emotional distress, and burden. We conducted a quantitative study with a cross-sectional design...
May 3, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461539/factors-affecting-resilience-and-development-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-critical-care-nurses
#12
Meredith Mealer, Jacqueline Jones, Paula Meek
BACKGROUND: Job stress and cumulative exposure to traumatic events experienced by critical care nurses can lead to psychological distress and the development of burnout syndrome and posttraumatic stress disorder. Resilience can mitigate symptoms associated with these conditions. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that affect resilience and to determine if the factors have direct or indirect effects on resilience in development of posttraumatic stress disorder. METHODS: Data from 744 respondents to a survey mailed to 3500 critical care nurses who were members of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses were analyzed...
May 2017: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459303/positive-psychological-assessment-and-early-stage-dementia
#13
Jocelyn Shealy McGee, Holly Carlson Zhao, Dennis R Myers, Steffi Marotzke Kim
OBJECTIVES: There are no known positive psychological (PP) measures adapted/validated for use with people in the early stages of dementia. Objectives were to: (1) develop/pilot an accessible protocol for administering PP measures in this population; 2) examine their psychometric properties; and (3) provide preliminary observations about how people with early-stage dementia perceive various aspects of PP as it pertains to living with dementia. METHODS: Five PP measures were adapted/administered to 36 people with early-stage dementia...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458721/physical-activity-counseling-promotes-physical-and-psychological-resilience-in-older-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Katherine S Hall, Jeffrey Gregg, Hayden B Bosworth, Jean C Beckham, Katherine D Hoerster, Richard Sloane, Miriam C Morey
Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have elevated rates of morbidity, and a sedentary lifestyle can cause and aggravate the physical health needs of adults with PTSD. The primary aim of this paper was to explore the impact of physical activity (PA) counseling (vs. usual care) on physical and psychological outcomes among individuals with PTSD. A secondary aim was to compare these arm effects between those with and without PTSD. METHODS: Older (>60 years) overweight veterans with impaired glucose tolerance were randomly assigned to an intervention or a usual care control arm...
October 2016: Mental Health and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458125/a-systematic-mixed-methods-review-of-interventions-outcomes-and-experiences-for-midwives-and-student-midwives-in-work-related-psychological-distress
#15
Sally Pezaro, Wendy Clyne, Emily A Fulton
BACKGROUND: within challenging work environments, midwives and student midwives can experience both organisational and occupational sources of work-related psychological distress. As the wellbeing of healthcare staff directly correlates with the quality of maternity care, this distress must be met with adequate support provision. As such, the identification and appraisal of interventions designed to support midwives and student midwives in work-related psychological distress will be important in the pursuit of excellence in maternity care...
April 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455192/associations-between-resilience-community-belonging-and-social-participation-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-results-from-the-eastern-townships-population-health-survey
#16
Mélanie Levasseur, Mathieu Roy, Bernard Michallet, France St-Hilaire, Danielle Maltais, Mélissa Généreux
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between resilience, community belonging and social participation, and the moderating effect of resilience on the association between community belonging and social participation among community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional; secondary analyses of the Eastern Townships Population Health Survey. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 2485 women and 2056 men aged 60+ was randomly selected according to area...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454862/impact-of-individual-resilience-and-safety-climate-on-safety-performance-and-psychological-stress-of-construction-workers-a-case-study-of-the-ontario-construction-industry
#17
Yuting Chen, Brenda McCabe, Douglas Hyatt
INTRODUCTION: The construction industry has hit a plateau in terms of safety performance. Safety climate is regarded as a leading indicator of safety performance; however, relatively little safety climate research has been done in the Canadian construction industry. Safety climate may be geographically sensitive, thus it is necessary to examine how the construct of safety climate is defined and used to improve safety performance in different regions. On the other hand, more and more attention has been paid to job related stress in the construction industry...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452674/understanding-the-progression-from-physical-illness-to-suicidal-behavior-a-case-study-based-on-a-newly-developed-conceptual-model
#18
Gary Cheung, Frederick Sundram
Suicide in older people is a significant public health issue given the aging population and increasing suicide rates with age in many parts of the world. Depression and physical illness are two factors consistently associated with suicidal behavior in older people; however, their inter-relationships are not well understood. We present here a case study based on a newly developed conceptual model illustrating the various medical, psychological, social and resilience factors involved in the progression of physical illness to suicidal behavior...
March 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452608/-we-are-the-soul-pearl-and-beauty-of-hindu-kush-mountains-exploring-resilience-and-psychological-wellbeing-of-kalasha-an-ethnic-and-religious-minority-group-in-pakistan
#19
Fahad Riaz Choudhry, Miriam Sang-Ah Park, Karen Golden, Iram Zehra Bokharey
The Kalasha are a marginalized ethnic and religious minority group in northern Pakistan. The Kalasha minority is known for their divergent polytheistic beliefs, and represents the outliers of the collectively monotheistic Muslim population of Pakistan. This study aimed to explore the psychological resilience beliefs and lived experiences of the Kalasha and to identify cultural protective factors and indigenous beliefs that help them maintain psychological wellbeing and resilience. Seven semi-structured interviews and two focus-group discussions were conducted...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448731/differential-effects-of-circadian-typology-on-sleep-related-symptoms-physical-fatigue-and-psychological-well-being-in-relation-to-resilience
#20
Hong Jun Jeon, Young Rong Bang, Hye Youn Park, Seul A Kim, In-Young Yoon
Various physiological and psychological functions are influenced by circadian typology (CT), which was reported to be related to resilience. However, few studies have assessed the effects of CT in relation to resilience. The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of CT on sleep-related symptoms, physical fatigue and psychological well-being in relation to resilience. The present study included a total of 1794 healthy hospital employees, and they completed the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale Abbreviated Version...
April 27, 2017: Chronobiology International
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