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psychological resiliency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648957/teaching-psychology-to-nursing-students-a-discussion-of-the-potential-contribution-of-psychology-towards-building-resilience-to-lapses-in-compassionate-caring
#1
Jan M A de Vries, Fiona Timmins
Psychology is a required element in nursing education in many countries. It is particularly aimed at teaching nursing students to get a better understanding of patients, colleagues, health care organizations and themselves, and moreover to apply what they learn about psychology to optimise their care. A meaningful integration of psychology within nursing education requires an emphasis on its application in understanding aspects of care and skills development. However, its ultimate value is demonstrated when addressing problem areas in nursing and health care...
June 17, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635439/social-and-occupational-factors-associated-with-psychological-wellbeing-among-occupational-groups-affected-by-disaster-a-systematic-review
#2
Samantha K Brooks, Rebecca Dunn, Richard Amlôt, G James Rubin, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: The psychological impact of disasters has been well-documented; less attention has been paid to factors affecting the wellbeing of those exposed to disasters as occupational groups. AIMS: To conduct a systematic literature review identifying social and occupational factors affecting the wellbeing of disaster-exposed employees; to use these factors to identify recommendations for potential interventions. METHOD: Four electronic literature databases were searched; reference lists of relevant papers were hand-searched...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635438/resilience-mediated-the-association-between-acculturation-and-psychological-growth-in-college-students-from-hong-kong-to-guangzhou-china
#3
Nancy Xiaonan Yu, Chang Liu, Zhenzhu Yue
BACKGROUND: The number of Hong Kong citizens living in mainland China is increasing. The process of acculturation may create opportunities for psychological growth. AIMS: This study aimed at examining whether resilience mediated the effects of acculturation on psychological growth in college students from Hong Kong to Guangzhou. METHOD: In this cross-sectional survey, 164 college students in Guangzhou who were Hong Kong permanent residents (female: 46%, age: 21...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635432/psychological-resilience-in-people-experiencing-schizophrenia-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours
#4
Patricia Ann Gooding, Donna Littlewood, Rebecca Owen, Judith Johnson, Nick Tarrier
BACKGROUND: Negative stressors can aggravate the impact of schizophrenia. However, some people find ways of combating such stressors. There is a dearth of research examining factors which enable individuals with schizophrenia to show psychological resilience. AIMS: The goal of this study was to investigate resilience to negative stressors in people with disorders on the schizophrenia spectrum using a qualitative methodology. METHODS: Data were collected from 23 participants who had experienced schizophrenia and suicidal thoughts and behaviours...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629846/hippocampal-gr-and-cb1-mediated-mglur5-differentially-produces-susceptibility-and-resilience-to-acute-and-chronic-mild-stress-in-rats
#5
Hongli Sun, Rujuan Su, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Jun Wen, Dan Yao, Xinru Gao, Zhongliang Zhu, Hui Li
The molecular mechanism of individual response of susceptibility and resilience under psychological stress remains controversial and unclear. The present study aimed to explore the relationship of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) with glucocorticoid receptor (GR) or cannabinoid receptor (CB1) and further indicate the molecular mechanism of susceptibility and resilience to acute stress (AS) and chronic mild stress (CMS). Sucrose preference test and open field test were used to evaluate the response of susceptibility and resilience under stress in rats...
June 16, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627898/subjective-reactions-to-international-research-participation-an-illustration-of-ethical-considerations-with-women-heading-households-in-sri-lanka
#6
Jessica E Lambert, Alyssa Banford Witting, Lakmal Ponnamperuma, Thulitha Wickrama
here are unique ethical considerations in conducting international research with war and disaster-affected populations that are important for ensuring adequate protection of participants. Of particular importance is the distress that participants may experience as a result of being asked about traumatic stressors, psychological symptoms, and life problems. In this study, trauma-affected Tamil women in Eastern Sri Lanka were asked to report on their research-participation experience after taking part in a larger study on risk and resiliency...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625590/intranasal-cotinine-improves-memory-and-reduces-depressive-like-behavior-and-gfap-cells-loss-induced-by-restraint-stress-in-mice
#7
Nelson Perez-Urrutia, Cristhian Mendoza, Nathalie Alvarez-Ricartes, Patricia Oliveros-Matus, Florencia Echeverria, J Alex Grizzell, George E Barreto, Alexandre Iarkov, Valentina Echeverria
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), chronic psychological stress, and major depressive disorder have been found to be associated with a significant decrease in glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunoreactivity in the hippocampus of rodents. Cotinine is an alkaloid that prevents memory impairment, depressive-like behavior and synaptic loss when co-administered during restraint stress, a model of PTSD and stress-induced depression, in mice. Here, we investigated the effects of post-treatment with intranasal cotinine on depressive- and anxiety-like behaviors, visual recognition memory as well as the number and morphology of GFAP+ immunoreactive cells, in the hippocampus and frontal cortex of mice subjected to prolonged restraint stress...
June 15, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624675/relationship-between-cognitive-emotion-regulation-social-support-resilience-and-acute-stress-responses-in-chinese-soldiers-exploring-multiple-mediation-model
#8
Wen-Peng Cai, Yu Pan, Shui-Miao Zhang, Cun Wei, Wei Dong, Guang-Hui Deng
The current study aimed to explore the association of cognitive emotion regulation, social support, resilience and acute stress responses in Chinese soldiers and to understand the multiple mediation effects of social support and resilience on the relationship between cognitive emotion regulation and acute stress responses. A total of 1477 male soldiers completed mental scales, including the cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire-Chinese version, the perceived social support scale, the Chinese version of the Connor-Davidson resilience scale, and the military acute stress scale...
June 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622811/development-and-preliminary-performance-of-a-risk-factor-screen-to-predict-posttraumatic-psychological-disorder-after-trauma-exposure
#9
Eve B Carlson, Patrick A Palmieri, David A Spain
OBJECTIVE: We examined data from a prospective study of risk factors that increase vulnerability or resilience, exacerbate distress, or foster recovery to determine whether risk factors accurately predict which individuals will later have high posttraumatic (PT) symptom levels and whether brief measures of risk factors also accurately predict later symptom elevations. METHOD: Using data from 129 adults exposed to traumatic injury of self or a loved one, we conducted receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses of 14 risk factors assessed by full-length measures, determined optimal cutoff scores, and calculated predictive performance for the nine that were most predictive...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613996/personal-resilience-resources-predict-post-stem-cell-transplant-cancer-survivors-psychological-outcomes-through-reductions-in-depressive-symptoms-and-meaning-making
#10
Rebecca A Campo, Lisa M Wu, Jane Austin, Heiddis Valdimarsdottir, Christine Rini
This longitudinal study examined whether posttransplant cancer survivors (N = 254, 9 months to 3 years after stem cell transplant treatment (SCT)) with greater personal resilience resources demonstrated better psychological outcomes and whether this could be attributed to reductions in depressive symptoms and/or four meaning making processes (searching for and finding reasons for one's illness; searching for and finding benefit from illness). Hierarchical linear regression analyses examined associations of survivors' baseline personal resilience resources (composite variable of self-esteem, mastery, and optimism), which occurred an average 1...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609440/protective-mental-health-factors-in-children-of-parents-with-alcohol-and-drug-use-disorders-a-systematic-review
#11
Olga Wlodarczyk, Mirjam Schwarze, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Franka Metzner, Silke Pawils
Children of parents with drug and alcohol use disorders often grow up under severe stress and are at greater risk of developing psychological and social problems. However, a substantial proportion of affected children adapt to their distressing life conditions and show positive development in terms of their mental health. These children are described as resilient. One difference between resilient and maladapted children is the presence of protective factors. The aim of this systematic review is to provide an overview of the current state of the research concerning protective mental health factors in children of parents with alcohol or drug use disorders (COPAD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609149/react-a-paraprofessional-training-program-for-first-responders-a-pilot-study
#12
Madeline R Marks, Clint Bowers, Natasha S DePesa, Benjamin Trachik, Frances E Deavers, Nicholas T James
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a newly designed peer support training program for first responders titled Recognize, Evaluate, Advocate, Coordinate, and Track (REACT). REACT was developed in partnership with public safety agencies to address the need for promoting psychological health. This resulted in the development of a program that uses train-the-trainer methodology to address primary prevention of stress injuries. REACT was an all-day training that consisted of four modules, each featuring instruction and practice...
2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605987/longitudinal-study-of-changing-psychological-outcomes-following-the-victorian-black-saturday-bushfires
#13
Richard A Bryant, Lisa Gibbs, Hugh Colin Gallagher, Phillipa Pattison, Dean Lusher, Colin MacDougall, Louise Harms, Karen Block, Vikki Sinnott, Greg Ireton, John Richardson, David Forbes
OBJECTIVES: To map the changing prevalence and predictors of psychological outcomes in affected communities 5 years following the Black Saturday bushfires in Victoria. METHOD: Follow-up assessment of longitudinal cohort study in high, medium and non-affected communities in Victoria, Australia. Participants included 1017 respondents (Wave 1) interviewed via telephone and web-based survey between December 2011 and January 2013, and 735 (76.1%) eligible participants were retested between July and November 2014 (Wave 2)...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598534/-very-much-in-love-the-letters-of-magda-arnold-and-father-john-gasson
#14
Elissa N Rodkey
Magda Arnold (1903-2002), best known for her pioneering appraisal theory of emotion, belonged to the second generation of women in psychology who frequently experienced institutional sexism and career barriers. Following her religious conversion, Arnold had to contend with the additional challenge of being an openly Catholic woman in psychology at a time when Catholic academics were stigmatized. This paper announces the discovery of and relies upon a number of previously unknown primary sources on Magda Arnold, including approximately 150 letters exchanged by Arnold and Father John Gasson...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595441/healing-spirituality-and-integrative-medicine
#15
David M Steinhorn, Jana Din, Angela Johnson
Spirituality plays a prominent role in the lives of most palliative patients whether or not they formally adhere to a specific religion and belief. As a result, the palliative care team is frequently called upon to support families who are experiencing their "dark night of the soul" and struggling to make sense of their lives during a healthcare crisis. While conventional religious practices provide a source of comfort and guidance for many of our patients, a significant number of our patients do not have a strong religious community to which to turn...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595437/perceptions-and-types-of-support-coming-from-families-caring-for-patients-suffering-from-advanced-illness-in-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-congo
#16
Jacques Masumbuku Lofandjola, Ernest Kiswaya Sumaili, Philippe Mairiaux, Jean Petermans
BACKGROUND: Perceptions of families who take care of patients suffering from advanced illness are rarely considered in Kinshasa medical practices; nevertheless, these families are the main actors involved in such care. The objective of this present study was to illustrate, in a Congolese context, the perceptions of families on the care of patients suffering from advanced illness, and to identify the possible aids provided by healthcare facilities. METHODS: A qualitative study was performed among focus groups in six hospitals in Kinshasa...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590766/examining-burnout-depression-and-self-compassion-in-veterans-affairs-mental-health-staff
#17
David M Atkinson, John L Rodman, Paul D Thuras, Paulo R Shiroma, Kelvin O Lim
OBJECTIVES: Burnout, a state of emotional exhaustion associated with negative personal and occupational outcomes, is prevalent among healthcare providers. A better understanding of the psychological factors that may be associated with resilience to burnout is essential to develop effective interventions. Self-compassion, which includes kindness toward oneself, recognition of suffering as part of shared human experience, mindfulness, and nonjudgment toward inadequacies and failures, may be one such factor...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588443/differential-gr-expression-and-translocation-in-the-hippocampus-mediates-susceptibility-vs-resilience-to-chronic-social-defeat-stress
#18
Qiu-Qin Han, Liu Yang, Hui-Jie Huang, Ya-Lin Wang, Rui Yu, Jing Wang, Adam Pilot, Gen-Cheng Wu, Qiong Liu, Jin Yu
While social stress exposure is a common risk factor for affective disorders, most individuals exposed to it can maintain normal physical and psychological functioning. However, factors that determine susceptibility vs. resilience to social stress remain unclear. Here, the resident-intruder model of social defeat was used as a social stressor in male C57BL/6J mice to investigate the difference between susceptibility and resilience. As depression is often characterized by hyperactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, we conducted the present study to further investigate the individual differences in the HPA axis response and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) protein expression and translocation between susceptible mice and resilient mice...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576114/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-current-and-retired-professional-ice-hockey-players
#19
Vincent Gouttebarge, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVES: Scientific knowledge about symptoms of common mental disorders in professional ice hockey is lacking. Consequently, the primary aims of the study were to (i) determine the prevalence, comorbidity and 6-month incidence of symptoms of common mental disorders (distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, adverse alcohol use, eating disorders) among current and retired professional ice hockey players and (ii) evaluate their potential relation with potential stressors (severe musculoskeletal injuries, surgeries, recent life events, career dissatisfaction)...
June 9, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575254/conscientiousness-moderates-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-among-u-s-chinese-older-adults
#20
Yiwei Chen, Yisheng Peng, Xiaodong Ma, Xinqi Dong
Background: The present study examined whether individuals' personality traits, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness, moderated the relationship between perceived stress and depressive symptoms among U.S. Chinese older adults. Methods: Data analysis was based on the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (PINE). Three thousand one hundred and fifty-nine Chinese adults aged 60 years and older participated in the PINE study. They completed scales that assessed their personality (ie, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory), perceived stress (the Chinese Perceived Stress Scale), and depressive symptoms (the Patient Health Questionnaire)...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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