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psychological resiliency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345416/a-qualitative-study-experiences-of-stigma-by-people-with-mental-health-problems
#1
Charlotte Huggett, Michèle D Birtel, Yvonne F Awenat, Paul Fleming, Sophie Wilkes, Shirley Williams, Gillian Haddock
OBJECTIVES: Prior research has examined various components involved in the impact of public and internalized stigma on people with mental health problems. However, studies have not previously investigated the subjective experiences of mental health stigma by those affected in a non-statutory treatment-seeking population. DESIGN: An in-depth qualitative study was conducted using thematic analysis to investigate the experiences of stigma in people with mental health problems...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336103/staff-preparedness-for-providing-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-in-long-term-care-homes-instrument-development-and-validation
#2
Helen Yl Chan, Gloria Km Chun, C W Man, Edward Mf Leung
AIM: Although much attention has been on integrating the palliative care approach into services of long-term care homes for older people living with frailty and progressive diseases, little is known about the staff preparedness for these new initiatives. The present study aimed to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument for measuring care home staff preparedness in providing palliative and end-of-life care. METHODS: A 16-item instrument, covering perceived knowledge, skill and psychological readiness, was developed...
January 16, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334231/social-capital-and-ptsd-among-plwha-in-china-the-mediating-role-of-resilience-and-internalized-stigma
#3
Mengting Gao, Chenchang Xiao, Xuan Zhang, Shiyue Li, Hong Yan
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is frequent among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Few studies have investigated social-psychological predictors of PTSD in China. This study aimed to examine relationships between social capital, stigma, resilience and PTSD among PLWHA in China, and to provide effective suggestions for PTSD intervention. A cross-sectional study of 520 PLWHA was conducted from November 2015 to January 2016. Survey data were collected using anonymous self-reported questionnaire. Multivariable analyses were used to examine related factors of PTSD, and causal mediation analyses were conducted to assess whether stigma and resilience were mediators...
January 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329529/resilience-and-well-being-of-university-nursing-students-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ka Ming Chow, Wing Ki Fiona Tang, Wing Han Carmen Chan, Wing Hung Janet Sit, Kai Chow Choi, Sally Chan
BACKGROUND: University nursing students experience higher levels of academic stress than those of other disciplines. Academic stress leads to psychological distress and has detrimental effects on well-being. The ability to overcome such adversity and learn to be stronger from the experience is regarded as resilience. Resilience is found to have an impact on learning experience, academic performance, course completion and, in the longer term, professional practice. Resilience and positive coping strategies can resist stress and improve personal well-being...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315750/an-examination-of-social-comparison-and-suicide-ideation-through-the-lens-of-the-integrated-motivational-volitional-model-of-suicidal-behavior
#5
Karen Wetherall, Kathryn A Robb, Rory C O'Connor
We aimed to investigate whether negative social comparisons are associated with key components of the integrated motivational-volitional (IMV) model of suicidal behavior. Specifically, we investigated the relationship between negative social comparisons, suicide ideation, defeat, entrapment, socially prescribed perfectionism, and resilience. Adult participants (N = 422) completed an online survey comprised of a range of psychological measures. An initial regression analysis indicated that negative social comparisons were associated with suicide ideation...
January 6, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303840/palliative-care-during-and-following-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#6
Sandra A Mitchell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to synthesize recent literature regarding the provision of palliative care to patients during and following allogeneic HSCT, highlighting factors, which mediate impairments in health-related quality of life in this patient population, and the intervention approaches and models of care delivery that clinicians can consider to address unmet needs for palliative care and to strengthen patient and family resiliency. RECENT FINDINGS: Provision of palliative care simultaneous with the delivery of treatment directed at the underlying malignancy has emerged as a recommended practice for patients with advanced cancer and high-symptom burden, and a recent randomized trial demonstrates the effectiveness of early palliative care in reducing some of the symptom burden and mood disturbances associated with HSCT...
January 4, 2018: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300137/disabling-reenactment-imagery-after-violent-dying
#7
Edward K Rynearson
Reenactment imagery that remains fixating after violent dying is associated with diminished psychological resilience. The nonresilient teller struggles to maintain an integrative orientation within the recounting. Reestablishing the resilient capacities of pacification (mastery of terror through self-calming), partition (mastery of intrusive thoughts through self-differentiation), and perspective (mastery of self-determination through self-transcendence) is an important preparatory goal with intervention. Without these resilient capacities, premature exposure increases the risk that patients will experience a dysfunctional merger with the possessive reenactment representation...
January 4, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295024/moderating-effects-of-resilience-on-depression-psychological-distress-and-suicidal-ideation-associated-with-interpersonal-violence
#8
Lisa Fedina, Boyoung Nam, Hyun-Jin Jun, Roma Shah, Tara Von Mach, Charlotte L Bright, Jordan DeVylder
Resilience has been found to attenuate the effects of negative mental health symptomology associated with interpersonal victimization; however, existing research has largely focused on resilience traits, such as individual cognitive and environmental factors that promote resilience. In addition, empirical knowledge on the extent to which resilience mitigates suicidal symptomology associated with interpersonal violence victimization is particularly limited. This study assesses whether the relationship between interpersonal violence (i...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294936/the-effect-of-the-moscow-theatre-siege-on-expectations-of-well-being-in-the-future
#9
Margarita Vorsina, Matthew Manning, Christopher M Fleming, Christine Smith
We employ the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey-Higher School of Economics (RLMS-HSE), a survey of 6,000 individuals, and a difference-in-differences estimation strategy to examine the effect of the 2002 Moscow theatre siege on the level of self-reported expectations of life in the future of the Russian population. The longitudinal nature of the data allows us to explore both the short- and long-term effects of terrorism on this population as well as contribute to the limited number of quasi-experimental studies in this area...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294903/intimate-partner-violence-and-women-s-mental-health-the-mediating-role-of-coping-strategies-among-women-seeking-help-from-the-police
#10
Cecilia Mengo, Eusebius Small, Beverly Black
Many variables explain the link between intimate partner violence (IPV) and its impact on women's mental health. This proposition is mostly from samples drawn from battered women's shelters, batterer intervention programs (BIPs), emergency rooms, and medical clinics. We know little about the psychological well-being of women who report abuse to police departments. This study used data from case records of women who experience IPV and sought help from a city police station located in the southwest United States...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294692/facing-interpersonal-violence-identifying-the-coping-profile-of-poly-victimized-resilient-adolescents
#11
Teresa Kirchner, Ernesto Magallón-Neri, Maria Forns, Dàmaris Muñoz, Anna Segura, Laia Soler, Irina Planellas
Coping strategies are factors that mediate the relationship between interpersonal victimizations and psychological maladjustment. The objectives are as follows: (a) to establish the coping profile of adolescents according to the number of reported interpersonal victimizations; (b) to identify the most victimized adolescents (poly-victims), detecting those with psychological symptoms (nonresilient poly-victims) and those without psychological symptoms (resilient poly-victims), and then to examine any differences in coping strategies between the two groups; (c) to determine the accumulative effect of victimizations on mental health; and (d) to test the mediating role of both approach and avoidance coping between lifetime interpersonal victimizations and symptoms...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289832/predictive-value-of-psychological-resilience-for-mental-health-disturbances-a-three-wave-prospective-study-among-police-officers
#12
Erik van der Meulen, Peter G van der Velden, Ilaria Setti, Marc J P M van Veldhoven
Psychological resilience is considered an important predictor for mental health disturbances among rescue workers. To what extent resilience predicts mental health disturbances among police officers at different stages while adjusting for existing (mental) health disturbances is unclear. Among 566 police officers resilience was operationalized by the Resilience Scale-nl and the Mental Toughness Questionnaire-48 questionnaires (8 scales in total). Mental health disturbances (such as depression symptoms and PTSD) and other health-related variables were assessed at baseline and follow-ups at three and nine months...
December 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287287/-breast-reduction-surgery-as-an-example-of-surgery-on-demand-in-adolescents
#13
Johannes C Bruck, Anna-Kristine Wipper
Surgical options to optimise one's body image are also accessible to adolescents. Although the vast majority of surgical procedures in this group of patients focus on otoplasty, 4 % of procedures in Germany are performed on the breast. The onset of menarche has not changed much in recent years, but obesity seems to generate problems with the breast for young girls. Since it is difficult to assess maturity and psychological resilience in young patients, a plastic surgeon is faced with an area of conflicts regarding his or her will to meet patients' reasonable wishes to ease their suffering, offer reliable and sustainable results, and comply with legal regulations that are largely uncertain...
December 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284537/the-cogbias-longitudinal-study-protocol-cognitive-and-genetic-factors-influencing-psychological-functioning-in-adolescence
#14
Charlotte Booth, Annabel Songco, Sam Parsons, Lauren Heathcote, John Vincent, Robert Keers, Elaine Fox
BACKGROUND: Optimal psychological development is dependent upon a complex interplay between individual and situational factors. Investigating the development of these factors in adolescence will help to improve understanding of emotional vulnerability and resilience. The CogBIAS longitudinal study (CogBIAS-L-S) aims to combine cognitive and genetic approaches to investigate risk and protective factors associated with the development of mood and impulsivity-related outcomes in an adolescent sample...
December 29, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283668/mindful-activism-embracing-the-complexities-of-international-border-crossings
#15
Kathryn L Norsworthy
I am one of many psychologists from the minority world, or Global North, who regularly travel to the Global South, or majority world, to engage in activist research and practice. Drawing on postcolonial and decolonial frameworks, this testimonio discusses tensions and complexities that arise in these transnational border crossings, particularly given the current internationalization movement in U.S. psychology. A testimonio is a first-person narrative of experiences with oppression, resilience, and empowerment, that can "re-script history ...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277153/strengths-and-virtues-and-the-development-of-resilience-a-qualitative-study-in-suriname-during-a-time-of-economic-crisis
#16
Tom Hendriks, Tobi Graafsma, Aabidien Hassankhan, Ernst Bohlmeijer, Joop de Jong
BACKGROUND: Resilience can be described as the capacity to deal with adversity and traumatic events. The current economic situation in Suriname and its social economic consequences may demand a great amount of resilience for people living in Suriname. In this explorative study, we examined the relation between strengths and resilience among the three major ethnic groups in Suriname. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 participants. We sought to gather viewpoints from community representatives, health care professionals and academic scholars about the personal resources used by people in Suriname to help them deal with the consequences of the current socio-economic crisis...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261748/children-s-emotional-experience-two-years-after-an-earthquake-an-exploration-of-knowledge-of-earthquakes-and-associated-emotions
#17
Daniela Raccanello, Roberto Burro, Rob Hall
OBJECTIVES: We explored whether and how the exposure to a natural disaster such as the 2012 Emilia Romagna earthquake affected the development of children's emotional competence in terms of understanding, regulating, and expressing emotions, after two years, when compared with a control group not exposed to the earthquake. We also examined the role of class level and gender. METHOD: The sample included two groups of children (n = 127) attending primary school: The experimental group (n = 65) experienced the 2012 Emilia Romagna earthquake, while the control group (n = 62) did not...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249990/mediators-linking-childhood-adversities-and-trauma-to-suicidality-in-individuals-at-risk-for-psychosis
#18
Stefanie J Schmidt, Frauke Schultze-Lutter, Sarah Bendall, Nicola Groth, Chantal Michel, Nadja Inderbitzin, Benno G Schimmelmann, Daniela Hubl, Barnaby Nelson
Suicidality is highly prevalent in patients at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis. Childhood adversities and trauma are generally predictive of suicidality. However, the differential effects of adversity/trauma-domains and CHR-criteria, i.e., ultra-high risk and basic symptom criteria, on suicidality remain unclear. Furthermore, the underlying mechanisms and, thus, worthwhile targets for suicide-prevention are still poorly understood. Therefore, structural equation modeling was used to test theory-driven models in 73 CHR-patients...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245091/specificity-in-mediated-pathways-by-anxiety-symptoms-linking-adolescent-stress-profiles-to-depressive-symptoms-results-of-a-moderated-mediation-approach
#19
Frederick Anyan, Boris Bizumic, Odin Hjemdal
BACKGROUND: We investigated the specificity in mediated pathways that separately link specific stress dimensions through anxiety to depressive symptoms and the protective utility of resilience. Thus, this study goes beyond lumping together potential mediating and moderating processes that can explain the relations between stress and (symptoms of) psychopathology and the buffering effect of resilience. METHODS: Ghanaian adolescents between 13 and 17 years (female = 285; male = 244) completed the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ), Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Short Mood Feeling Questionnaire (SMFQ) and the Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235663/digital-screen-time-limits-and-young-children-s-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-a-population-based-study
#20
Andrew K Przybylski, Netta Weinstein
There is little empirical understanding of how young children's screen engagement links to their well-being. Data from 19,957 telephone interviews with parents of 2- to 5-year-olds assessed their children's digital screen use and psychological well-being in terms of caregiver attachment, resilience, curiosity, and positive affect in the past month. Evidence did not support implementing limits (< 1 or < 2 hr/day) as recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics, once variability in child ethnicity, age, gender, household income, and caregiver educational attainment were considered...
December 13, 2017: Child Development
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