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psychological resiliency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792533/efficacy-of-the-resilience-and-adjustment-intervention-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jeffrey S Kreutzer, Jennifer H Marwitz, Adam P Sima, Ana Mills, Nancy H Hsu, Herman R Lukow
OBJECTIVE: Examine a psychoeducational and skill-building intervention's effectiveness for individuals after traumatic brain injury (TBI), using a two-arm, parallel, randomized, controlled trial with wait-listed control. METHODS: The Resilience and Adjustment Intervention (RAI) targets adjustment challenges and emphasizes education, skill-building and psychological support. Overall, 160 outpatients were randomly assigned to a treatment or wait-list control (WLC) group...
May 24, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792463/terrorist-teams-as-loosely-coupled-systems
#2
Matthias Spitzmuller, Guihyun Park
Acts of terrorism can be harrowing and cause extensive damage, yet they occur far too frequently. How do terrorist groups organize and coordinate their attacks? What makes those groups simultaneously cohesive and flexible in a hostile environment? Different academic disciplines have contributed to a better understanding of the proliferation of terrorist acts in recent years. With very few exceptions, however, extant psychological research on terrorism has almost exclusively focused on the individual terrorist...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791758/post-traumatic-stress-symptomatology-following-exposure-to-perceived-traumatic-perinatal-events-within-the-midwifery-profession-the-impact-of-trait-emotional-intelligence
#3
Suzanne Nightingale, Helen Spiby, Kayleigh Sheen, Pauline Slade
AIMS: To explore factors associated with, and predictors of, post-traumatic stress symptoms in midwives. To explore factors associated with, and potential moderating effects of, trait emotional intelligence. Secondary analysis explored predictors of resilience. BACKGROUND: Midwives may experience vicarious trauma responses due to exposure to certain perinatal events in their professional lives. This may have adverse psychological outcomes for midwives, and women and children in their care...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788697/natural-course-of-posttraumatic-symptoms-in-late-adolescent-maritime-disaster-survivors-results-of-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#4
Sang Won Jeon, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Yong-Ku Kim, Changsu Han, Young-Hoon Ko, Seo Young Yoon, Cheolmin Shin
Objective: This study is a prospective observational study on 75 late-adolescent survivors of a large passenger ship accident from immediately after the accident to one year later. Methods: Assessments of student survivors were conducted on day 2 and at months 1, 6, and 12. The PTSD Checklist (PCL), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), State subscale of the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S), Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS), and Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) were administered...
May 24, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788363/early-life-military-exposures-and-functional-impairment-trajectories-among-older-male-veterans-the-buffering-effect-of-psychological-resilience
#5
Miles G Taylor, Stephanie Ureña, Dawn C Carr, Stella Min
Objectives: Drawing on the life course framework and theoretical concept of resilience, we examine the impact of early-life service-related exposures (SREs) on later-life functional impairment trajectories among older U.S. male veterans. We conceptualize resilience as a psychological resource potentially moderating the lasting negative consequences of traumatic military exposures. Method: Using the 2013 Veterans Mail Survey linked to the Health and Retirement Study 2006-2014 Leave Behind Questionnaire and RAND Data File (v...
May 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781729/positive-psychology-perspective-on-traumatic-brain-injury-recovery-and-rehabilitation
#6
Amanda R Rabinowitz, Peter A Arnett
Recovery from traumatic brain injury (TBI) is heterogeneous, with injury characteristics and neuropathological findings accounting for a relatively modest proportion of the variance in clinical outcome. Furthermore, premorbid personality traits and psychological characteristics may moderate psychosocial recovery. Constructs from the field of positive psychology have been examined in multiple illness populations and are increasingly gaining attention as factors that may influence recovery from TBI. Positive affect, hope, optimism, adaptive coping style, and resilience have all been examined in the context of TBI...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781450/music-brain-plasticity-and-the-resilience-the-pillars-of-new-receptive-therapy
#7
Helena Dukić
This paper describes a new type of receptive music therapy which aims to build the patients' psychological resilience by increasing the levels of dopamine, serotonin and oxytocin in order to increase standard psychopharmacological treatment efficiency. Previous research concerning the musically induced production of the two neurotransmitters and a hormone is discussed and reviewed. Based upon the existent studies concerning the influence of music on dopamine, serotonin and oxytocin induction, a new design of specific music features for this purpose is proposed and elaborated upon...
April 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779059/youth-responses-to-school-shootings-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Áine Travers, Tracey McDonagh, Ask Elklit
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper aims to synthesize research relating to youth responses to school shootings between 2014 and 2017. The main questions it addresses are how such events impact young people psychologically, and what risk or protective factors may contribute to different trajectories of recovery? RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research suggests that most young people exposed to school shootings demonstrate resilience, exhibiting no long-term dysfunction. However, a minority will experience severe and chronic symptoms...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776000/examining-the-relationship-between-traumatic-growth-and-psychological-resilience-in-young-adult-children-of-parents-with-and-without-a-mental-disorder
#9
Gül Ergün, Funda Gümüş, Gül Dikeç
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between traumatic growth and psychological resilience in young adult children of parents with a mental disorder and to compare them with young adult children of parents without mental disorders. BACKGROUND: Negative life experiences that lead to trauma can affect young adults' psychological resilience, either positively or negatively. This study investigates levels of traumatic growth, the characteristics of psychological resilience, and the relationship between the former and latter in young adults between the ages of 18 and 23 who have parents with a mental disorder and who have parents without a mental disorder...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773354/the-relaxation-response-resiliency-program-3rp-in-patients-with-headache-and-musculoskeletal-pain-a-retrospective-analysis-of-clinical-data
#10
Adam Gonzalez, Minjung Shim, Brittain Mahaffey, Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Anthony Reffi, Elyse R Park
Headache and musculoskeletal pain are associated with both physical and mental health symptoms, which together are mutually reinforcing. Addressing mental and physical health symptoms (including pain) concomitantly may provide an effective and efficient way to improve outcomes in this population. We tested an evidence-based, eight-session multimodal group program, the Relaxation Response Resiliency Program (3RP), in patients with headache and musculoskeletal pain. A total of 109 adults (30 with headaches, 79 with musculoskeletal pain)...
May 14, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773148/personalized-treatment-outcomes-in-patients-with-somatoform-disorder-a-concept-mapping-study
#11
Sonja Klemm, Saskia van Broeckhuysen-Kloth, Sanne van Vliet, Lummy Oosterhuis, Rinie Geenen
OBJECTIVE: From a patient-centered perspective, treatment outcome measures in somatoform disorder need to be (1) personalized to the patient, (2) fit core problems that are targeted in therapy, and (3) reflect one's ability to adapt and self-manage anticipated deterioration. The aim of this study was to identify an encompassing set of treatment outcome variables in patients with somatoform disorder. METHODS: In-depth interviews yielded a comprehensive overview of 60 treatment outcomes that were sorted in a card sorting task according to similarity of meaning by 30 patients...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765261/depression-in-medical-students-current-insights
#12
REVIEW
Fiona Moir, Jill Yielder, Jasmine Sanson, Yan Chen
Medical students are exposed to multiple factors during their academic and clinical study that have been shown to contribute to high levels of depression, anxiety, and stress. The purpose of this article was to explore the issue of depression in the medical student population, including prevalence, causes, and key issues, along with suggestions for early identification and support from one medical school in New Zealand. After establishing that the prevalence of depression is higher for medical students than the general population, the key issues explored include assessment used in the program, characteristics of the student population (such as Type A personality and perfectionism), resilience, selection procedures, students' motivation, and the nature of the clinical environment...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763847/race-ethnicity-psychological-resilience-and-social-support-among-oef-oif-combat-veterans
#13
Matthew S Herbert, Desmond W Leung, James O E Pittman, Elizabeth Floto, Niloofar Afari
This study examined the relationship between race/ethnicity and psychological resilience, and the moderating role of social support in this relationship among non-Hispanic White (n = 605), Hispanic (n = 107), African American (n = 141), and Asian American (n = 97) Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) combat veterans. Veterans were primarily male (88%) with a mean age of 31.4 years (SD = 8.35). An analysis of covariance showed that Asian American veterans reported significantly lower psychological resilience than non-Hispanic White veterans...
May 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760768/mechanisms-of-change-for-interventions-aimed-at-improving-the-wellbeing-mental-health-and-resilience-of-children-and-adolescents-affected-by-war-and-armed-conflict-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#14
REVIEW
Tania Josiane Bosqui, Bassam Marshoud
Despite increasing research and clinical interest in delivering psychosocial interventions for children affected by war, little research has been conducted on the underlying mechanisms of change associated with these interventions. This review aimed to identify these processes in order to inform existing interventions and highlight research gaps. A systematic review of reviews was conducted drawing from academic databases (PubMed, PILOTS, Cochrane Library for Systematic Reviews) and field resources (e.g. Médecins Sans Frontières and the Psychosocial Centre of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies), with extracted data analysed using Thematic Content Analysis...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755394/a-pathway-to-psychological-difficulty-perceived-chronic-social-adversity-and-its-symptomatic-reactions
#15
Cody Ding, Jingqiu Zhang, Dong Yang
In this paper, we attempt to predict and explain psychological maladjustment or difficulty. Specifically, we discuss the concept of perceived chronic social adversity, and we expect that such perceived chronic social adversity may potentially lead to chronic stress responses. Accordingly, we propose the symptomatic reactions of perceived chronic social adversity. We put forward a set of hypotheses regarding the relationships between perceived chronic social adversity and those chronic stress responses, and we further hypothesize a mediating role of individualized negative essentialism brought by perceived chronical social adversity...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754022/resilience-and-amygdala-function-in-older-healthy-and-depressed-adults
#16
Amber M Leaver, Hongyu Yang, Prabha Siddarth, Roza M Vlasova, Beatrix Krause, Natalie St Cyr, Katherine L Narr, Helen Lavretsky
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that low emotional resilience may correspond with increased or over-active amygdala function. Complementary studies suggest that emotional resilience increases with age; older adults tend to have decreased attentional bias to negative stimuli compared to younger adults. Amygdala nuclei and related brain circuits have been linked to negative affect, and depressed patients have been demonstrated to have abnormal amygdala function. METHODS: In the current study, we correlated psychological resilience measures with amygdala function measured with resting-state arterial spin-labelled (ASL) and blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in older adults with and without depression...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751194/the-central-sensitization-inventory-and-pain-sensitivity-questionnaire-an-exploration-of-construct-validity-and-associations-with-widespread-pain-sensitivity-among-individuals-with-shoulder-pain
#17
Rogelio A Coronado, Steven Z George
BACKGROUND: The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) and Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ) are alternatives to quantitative sensory testing (QST) for inferring central sensitization. OBJECTIVE: Explore 1) comparative validity of the CSI and PSQ with QST (construct validity) and pain-related psychological questionnaires (concurrent validity), and 2) associations with widespread pain sensitivity. METHODS: Seventy-eight participants with unilateral shoulder pain less than 6 months (mean ± SD age = 39...
May 3, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746552/the-impact-of-being-bullied-at-school-on-psychological-distress-and-work-engagement-in-a-community-sample-of-adult-workers-in-japan
#18
Mai Iwanaga, Kotaro Imamura, Akihito Shimazu, Norito Kawakami
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term impact of being bullied at school on current psychological distress and work engagement in adulthood among Japanese workers. We hypothesized that workers who had been bullied at school could have higher psychological distress and lower work engagement compared to those who had not been bullied. METHODS: We used data from the Japanese Study on Stratification, Health, Income, and Neighborhood (J-SHINE) project, conducted from July 2010 to February 2011 in Japan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742631/neurobiology-of-trauma-and-mindfulness-for-children
#19
Jaclyn Iacona, Stephanie Johnson
Adverse child experiences (ACEs) have a significant impact on developing children, both physically and psychologically, with ongoing consequences that may manifest throughout adulthood. These negative health consequences can be mitigated if a child is given a supportive environment in which to develop healthy coping mechanisms. Those who specialize in caring for children with ACEs must understand the neurobiology of trauma to conceptualize how trauma triggers the brain and body when encountering stressful events...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734229/understanding-resilience-and-preventing-and-treating-ptsd
#20
Sarah R Horn, Adriana Feder
Resilience is defined as the dynamic ability to adapt successfully in the face of adversity, trauma, or significant threat. Some of the key early studies of resilience were observational studies in children. They were followed by research in adults, studies testing interventions to promote resilience in different populations, and a recent upsurge of studies on the underlying genomic and neurobiological mechanisms. Neural and molecular studies in preclinical models of resilience are also increasingly identifying active stress adaptations in resilient animals...
May 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
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