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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457477/enabling-choice-recovery-and-participation-evidence-based-early-intervention-support-for-psychosocial-disability-in-the-national-disability-insurance-scheme
#1
Laura Hayes, Lisa Brophy, Carol Harvey, Juan Jose Tellez, Helen Herrman, Eoin Killackey
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the most effective interventions for early intervention in psychosocial disability in the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) through an evidence review. METHODS: A series of rapid reviews were undertaken to establish possible interventions for psychosocial disability, to develop our understanding of early intervention criteria for the NDIS and to determine which interventions would meet these criteria. RESULTS: Three interventions (social skills training, supported employment and supported housing) have a strong evidence base for effectiveness in early intervention in people with psychosocial disability, with the potential for adoption by the NDIS...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456871/gestational-obesity-weight-management-implementation-of-national-guidelines-glowing-a-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-guideline-implementation-intervention-for-the-management-of-maternal-obesity-by-midwives
#2
Nicola Heslehurst, Judith Rankin, Catherine McParlin, Falko F Sniehotta, Denise Howel, Stephen Rice, Elaine McColl
Background: Weight management in pregnancy guidelines exist, although dissemination alone is an ineffective means of implementation. Midwives identify the need for support to overcome complex barriers to practice. An evaluation of an intervention to support midwives' guideline implementation would require a large-scale cluster randomised controlled trial. A pilot study is necessary to explore the feasibility of delivery and evaluation prior to a definitive trial. The GestationaL Obesity Weight management: Implementation of National Guidelines (GLOWING) trial aims to test whether it is feasible and acceptable to deliver a behaviour change intervention to support midwives' implementation of weight management guidelines...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456870/a-psychosocial-intervention-for-the-management-of-functional-dysphonia-complex-intervention-development-and-pilot-randomised-trial
#3
Vincent Deary, Elaine McColl, Paul Carding, Tracy Miller, Janet Wilson
Background: Medically unexplained loss or alteration of voice-functional dysphonia-is the commonest presentation to speech and language therapists (SLTs). Besides the impact on personal and work life, functional dysphonia is also associated with increased levels of anxiety and depression and poor general health. Voice therapy delivered by SLTs improves voice but not these associated symptoms. The aims of this research were the systematic development of a complex intervention to improve the treatment of functional dysphonia, and the trialling of this intervention for feasibility and acceptability to SLTs and patients in a randomised pilot study...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456127/neurocognitive-disorder-in-hypertensive-patients-heart-brain-study
#4
A Vicario, G H Cerezo, M Del Sueldo, J Zilberman, S M Pawluk, N Lódolo, A E De Cerchio, R M Ruffa, R Plunkett, M E Giuliano, P Forcada, S Hauad, R Flores
The relation between hypertension and cognitive impairment is an undisputable fact. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of cognitive impairment in hypertensive patients, to identify the most affected cognitive domain, and to observe the association with different parameters of hypertension and other vascular risk factors. A multicentre study was carried out, and 1281 hypertensive patients of both genders and ≥21 years of age were included. Data on the following parameters were obtained: cognitive status (Minimal Cognitive Examination), behavioural status (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), blood pressure, anthropometry, and biochemical profile...
February 15, 2018: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455894/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-ms-related-fatigue-explained-a-longitudinal-mediation-analysis
#5
L E van den Akker, H Beckerman, E H Collette, H Knoop, G Bleijenberg, J W Twisk, J Dekker, V de Groot
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) effectively reduces fatigue directly following treatment in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), but little is known about the process of change during and after CBT. DESIGN: Additional analysis of a randomized clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: To investigate which psychological factors mediate change in fatigue during and after CBT. METHODS: TREFAMS-CBT studied the effectiveness of a 16-week CBT treatment for MS-related fatigue...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455893/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-insomnia-cbt-i-to-treat-depression-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Jasmyn E A Cunningham, Colin M Shapiro
INTRODUCTION: Major depressive disorder is one of the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric illnesses, and it has a profound negative impact on an individual's ability to function. Up to 90% of individuals suffering from depression also report sleep and circadian disruptions. If these disruptions are not effectively resolved over the course of treatment, the likelihood of relapse into depression is greatly increased. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) has shown promise in treating these sleep and circadian disturbances associated with depression, and may be effective as a stand-alone treatment for depression...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454876/the-development-and-psychometric-validation-of-an-instrument-to-evaluate-nurses-attitudes-towards-communication-with-the-patient-aco
#7
María Del Carmen Giménez-Espert, Vicente Javier Prado-Gascó
BACKGROUND: Patient communication is a key skill for nurses involved in clinical care. Its measurement is a complex phenomenon that can be addressed through attitude evaluation. OBJECTIVES: To develop and psychometrically test a measure of nurses' attitudes towards communication with patients (ACO), to study the relationship between these dimensions, and to analyse nursing attitudes. DESIGN: To develop and psychometrically test the ACO questionnaire...
February 7, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454284/the-provision-of-specialist-psychosocial-support-for-people-with-visible-differences-a-european-survey
#8
Diana Harcourt, Claire Hamlet, Kristin Billaud Feragen, Luis-Joaquin Garcia-Lopez, Ornella Masnari, Jose Mendes, Francesca Nobile, Jolanda Okkerse, Anna Pittermann, Saskia Spillekom-van Koulil, Nicola Marie Stock, Heidi Williamson
A substantial body of research has demonstrated the challenges commonly facing people with visible differences (disfigurements) and explored the potential benefits offered by specialist psychosocial support and intervention for those who are negatively affected. However, little is known about the availability of such support in Europe for people whose appearance is in any way different to 'the norm'. This survey of 116 psychosocial specialists from 15 European countries, working with a range of patient groups, has shown a tendency for specialists to prioritise Cognitive-behavioural-based approaches, amongst a wide range of other approaches and interventional techniques...
February 14, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453745/investigating-the-effectiveness-acceptability-and-impact-on-healthcare-usage-of-providing-a-cognitive-behavioural-based-psychological-therapy-service-for-patients-with-primary-antibody-deficiency
#9
Mari Campbell, Alex Clarke, Andrew Symes, Sarita Workman, Hans Stauss, A David Webster
PURPOSE: Patients with primary antibody deficiency report poorer quality of life and higher rates of anxiety and depression than the general population. Cognitive-behavioral therapy has been shown to be a valuable treatment for patients with other long-term physical health conditions, improving well-being and enabling them to manage their symptoms more effectively. The aim of this project was to establish the feasibility and effectiveness of providing cognitive-behavioral based therapy to patients with primary antibody deficiency...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452811/effects-on-adult-cognitive-function-after-neonatal-exposure-to-clinically-relevant-doses-of-ionising-radiation-and-ketamine-in-mice
#10
S Buratovic, B Stenerlöw, S Sundell-Bergman, A Fredriksson, H Viberg, T Gordh, P Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Radiological methods for screening, diagnostics and therapy are frequently used in healthcare. In infants and children, anaesthesia/sedation is often used in these situations to relieve the patients' perception of stress or pain. Both ionising radiation (IR) and ketamine have been shown to induce developmental neurotoxic effects and this study aimed to identify the combined effects of these in a murine model. METHODS: Male mice were exposed to a single dose of ketamine (7...
March 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452810/interleukin-6-is-both-necessary-and-sufficient-to-produce-perioperative-neurocognitive-disorder-in-mice
#11
J Hu, X Feng, M Valdearcos, D Lutrin, Y Uchida, S K Koliwad, M Maze
BACKGROUND: Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) result in long-term morbidity and mortality with no effective interventions available. Because interleukin-6 (IL-6), a pro-inflammatory cytokine, is consistently up-regulated by trauma, including after surgery, we determined whether IL-6 is a putative therapeutic target for PND in a mouse model. METHODS: Following institutional approval, adult (12-14 weeks) male C57/Bl6 mice were pretreated with the IL-6 receptor (IL6R) blocking antibody tocilizumab prior to open tibia fracture with internal fixation under isoflurane anaesthesia...
March 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452362/reported-theory-use-in-walking-interventions-a-literature-review-and-research-agenda
#12
Mohammad Abdul Kadir, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele
There is mixed evidence with some suggesting walking can be increased up to the recommended level through interventions based on behaviour change models and others showing partial or no effects [Arbour and Ginis (A randomised controlled trial of the effects of implementation intentions on women's walking behaviour. Psychol Health, 2009;24:49-65); Merom et al. (Can a motivational intervention overcome an unsupportive environment for walking-findings from the Step-by-Step Study. Ann Behav Med 2009;38:137-46); Ornes and Ransdell (A pilot study examining exercise self-efficacy as a mediator for walking behavior in college-age women...
February 14, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451491/the-relationship-between-spatial-configuration-and-functional-connectivity-of-brain-regions
#13
Janine Diane Bijsterbosch, Mark W Woolrich, Matthew F Glasser, Emma C Robinson, Christian F Beckmann, David C Van Essen, Samuel J Harrison, Stephen M Smith
Brain connectivity is often considered in terms of the communication between functionally distinct brain regions. Many studies have investigated the extent to which patterns of coupling strength between multiple neural populations relates to behaviour. For example, studies have used 'functional connectivity fingerprints' to characterise individuals' brain activity. Here, we investigate the extent to which the exact spatial arrangement of cortical regions interacts with measures of brain connectivity. We find that the shape and exact location of brain regions interact strongly with the modelling of brain connectivity, and present evidence that the spatial arrangement of functional regions is strongly predictive of non-imaging measures of behaviour and lifestyle...
February 16, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450813/memory-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Samantha Joplin, Elizabeth Stewart, Michael Gascoigne, Suncica Lah
Memory failure is a common clinical concern of patients with epilepsy and is associated with significant functional impairments. Thus, memory rehabilitation is of critical clinical importance. In this article, we aimed to systematically evaluate the efficacy of memory rehabilitation in patients with epilepsy. The Preferred Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was used to guide searches, extraction and reporting of data in this review. PsycINFO, Medline and PsychBITE searches yielded 95 studies...
February 15, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450678/predicting-the-effectiveness-of-work-focused-cbt-for-common-mental-disorders-the-influence-of-baseline-self-efficacy-depression-and-anxiety
#15
Veerle Brenninkmeijer, Suzanne E Lagerveld, Roland W B Blonk, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Leoniek D N V Wijngaards-de Meij
Purpose This study examined who benefits most from a cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based intervention that aims to enhance return to work (RTW) among employees who are absent due to common mental disorders (CMDs) (e.g., depression, anxiety, or adjustment disorder). We researched the influence of baseline work-related self-efficacy and mental health (depressive complaints and anxiety) on treatment outcomes of two psychotherapeutic interventions. Methods Using a quasi-experimental design, 12-month follow-up data of 168 employees were collected...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450239/alcohol-related-mental-imagery-the-effects-of-a-priming-dose-in-at-risk-drinkers
#16
Michael Yates, Sunjeev K Kamboj
Objectives: Drug related mental imagery is proposed to play a central role in addictive behaviour. However, little is known about such cognition or how it is pharmacologically modulated. Here, we test theoretical predictions of the 'elaborated intrusion' theory by comparing neutral with alcohol related mental imagery, and examine the effects of low dose alcohol on phenomenological aspects of this imagery. Methods: Alcohol related and neutral imagery was assessed after at risk drinkers (n = 40) consumed alcohol (0...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449298/clinical-validation-of-a-public-health-policy-making-platform-for-hearing-loss-evotion-protocol-for-a-big-data-study
#17
Giorgos Dritsakis, Dimitris Kikidis, Nina Koloutsou, Louisa Murdin, Athanasios Bibas, Katherine Ploumidou, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque, Niels Henrik Pontoppidan, Doris-Eva Bamiou
INTRODUCTION: The holistic management of hearing loss (HL) requires an understanding of factors that predict hearing aid (HA) use and benefit beyond the acoustics of listening environments. Although several predictors have been identified, no study has explored the role of audiological, cognitive, behavioural and physiological data nor has any study collected real-time HA data. This study will collect 'big data', including retrospective HA logging data, prospective clinical data and real-time data via smart HAs, a mobile application and biosensors...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448804/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-and-inflammation-a-systematic-review-of-its-relationship-and-the-potential-implications-for-the-treatment-of-depression
#18
Frank M Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447060/treatment-of-selective-mutism-based-on-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-psychopharmacology-and-combination-therapy-a-systematic-review
#19
Kasper Rud Østergaard
BACKGROUND: Selective mutism (SM) is a debilitating childhood anxiety disorder characterized by a persistent lack of speech in certain social settings and is considered hard to treat. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacological treatments are the best described treatments in the literature. AIM: To test whether there is evidence on treatment based on CBT, medication or a combination of these. METHODS: Systematic and critical review of the literature on CBT and/or pharmacological treatments of SM...
February 15, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447058/training-and-post-disaster-interventions-for-the-psychological-impacts-on-disaster-exposed-employees-a-systematic-review
#20
Samantha K Brooks, Rebecca Dunn, Richard Amlôt, Neil Greenberg, G James Rubin
BACKGROUND: When organisations are exposed to traumatic situations, such as disasters, often staff are not prepared for the potential psychological impact which can negatively affect their wellbeing. AIMS: To conduct a systematic review of the literature on psychological interventions aimed at improving staff wellbeing during or after disasters. METHOD: Four electronic literature databases were searched. Reference lists of relevant articles were hand-searched...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
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