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Olusola T Kayode, Hilary I Okagbue, Justina A Achuka
The dataset for this article contains geostatistical analysis of the level to which groundwater quality around a municipal waste dumpsite located in Oke-Afa, Oshodi/Isolo area of Lagos state, southwestern has been compromised for drinking. Groundwater samples were collected from eight hand-dug wells and two borehole wells around or near the dumpsite. The pH, turbidity, salinity, conductivity, total hydrocarbon, total dissolved solids (TDS), dissolved oxygen, chloride, Sulphate (SO4 ), Nitrate (NO3 ) and Phosphate (PO4 ) were determined for the water samples and compared with World Health Organization (WHO) drinking water standard...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Xuejiao An, Yi Cheng, Mingyan Huang, Yueling Sun, Hailan Wang, Xi Chen, Jinming Wang, Dapeng Li, Chunyan Li
Organic cyanide are widely used as an ingredient in the production of plastics, synthetic rubbers, polymers, pharmaceuticals and pesticides or used in laboratories and industries as solvents. Although nitrile-containing wastewater is subjected to primary and secondary treatments, residual nitriles may slowly seep and further migrate through groundwater, resulting in the micropollution of groundwater by organic pollutants. In this study, water samples were collected from different study areas in North China during a period of 3y (from 2013 to 2015) and analyzed to evaluate organic cyanide (CN- ) contamination in groundwater...
March 15, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Rui Zuo, Shuhe Jin, Minhua Chen, Xin Guan, Jinsheng Wang, Yuanzheng Zhai, Yanguo Teng, Xueru Guo
The objective of this study was to explore the controlling factors on the migration and transformation of nitrogenous wastes in groundwater using long-term observations from a contaminated site on the southwestern edge of the Tengger Desert in northwestern China. Contamination was caused by wastewater discharge rich in ammonia. Two long-term groundwater monitoring wells (Wells 1# and 2#) were constructed, and 24 water samples were collected. Five key indicators were tested: ammonia, nitrate, nitrite, dissolved oxygen, and manganese...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
Christopher S Jones, Sea-Won Kim, Thomas F Wilton, Keith E Schilling, Caroline A Davis
Real-time, continuous, in situ water quality sensors were deployed on a fourth-order Iowa (U.S.) stream draining an agricultural watershed to evaluate key in-stream processes affecting concentrations of nitrate during a 24-day late summer (Aug-Sep) period. Overall, nitrate-nitrogen (NO3 -N) concentrations declined 0.11 mg L-1  km-1 , or about 1.9% km-1 and 35% in total across 18 km. We also calculated stream metabolic rates using in situ dissolved oxygen data and determined stream biotic N demand to be 108-117 mg m-2  day-1 ...
March 17, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Pin Hou, Zhe Yan, Fred S Cannon, Ye Yue, Timothy Byrne, Cesar Nieto-Delgado
In order to obtain a high adsorption capacity for perchlorate, the epoxide-forming quaternary ammonium (EQA) compounds were chemically bonded onto granular activated carbon (GAC) surface by cationic reaction. The optimum preparation condition of the cationic GAC was achieved while applying softwood-based Gran C as the parent GAC, dosing EQA first at a pH of 12, preparation time of 48 h, preparation temperature of 50 °C, and mole ratio of EQA/oxygen groups of 2.5. The most favorable cationic GAC that had the QUAB360 pre-anchored exhibited the highest perchlorate adsorption capacity of 24...
March 6, 2018: Chemosphere
Aleicia Holland, Jenny Stauber, Chris M Wood, Melanie Trenfield, Dianne F Jolley
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays important roles in both abiotic and biotic processes within aquatic ecosystems, and these in turn depend on the quality of the DOM. We collected and characterized chromophoric DOM (CDOM) from different Australian freshwater types (circumneutral, naturally acidic and groundwater-fed waterways), climatic regions and seasons. CDOM quality was characterized using absorbance and fluorescence spectroscopy. Excitation emission scans followed by parallel factor (PARAFAC) analysis showed that CDOM was characterized by three main components: protein-like, fulvic-like and humic-like components commonly associated with various waters globally in the Openfluor database...
March 2, 2018: Water Research
Jacek A Koziel, Heekwon Ahn, Thomas D Glanville, Timothy S Frana, J Hans van Leeuwen, Lam T Nguyen
Nearly 55,000 outbreaks of animal disease were reported to the World Animal Health Information Database between 2005 and 2016. To suppress the spread of disease, large numbers of animal mortalities often must be disposed of quickly and are frequently buried on the farm where they were raised. While this method of emergency disposal is fast and relatively inexpensive, it also can have undesirable and lasting impacts (slow decay, concerns about groundwater contamination, pathogens re-emergence, and odor). Following the 2010 foot-and-mouth disease outbreak, the Republic of Korea's National Institute of Animal Science funded research on selected burial alternatives or modifications believed to have potential to reduce undesirable impacts of burial...
March 13, 2018: Waste Management
Ya Cheng, Ye Li, Tinglin Huang, Yuankui Sun, Xinxin Shi, Yuezong Shao
As an efficient method for ammonium (NH4 + ) removal, contact catalytic oxidation technology has drawn much attention recently, due to its good low temperature resistance and short start-up period. Two identical filters were employed to compare the process for ammonium removal during the start-up period for ammonium removal in groundwater (Filter-N) and surface water (Filter-S) treatment. Two types of source water (groundwater and surface water) were used as the feed waters for the filtration trials. Although the same initiating method was used, Filter-N exhibited much better ammonium removal performance than Filter-S...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
J D Drummond, F Boano, E R Atwill, X Li, T Harter, A I Packman
Rivers are a means of rapid and long-distance transmission of pathogenic microorganisms from upstream terrestrial sources. Pathogens enter streams and rivers via overland flow, shallow groundwater discharge, and direct inputs. Of concern is the protozoal parasite, Cryptosporidium, which can remain infective for weeks to months under cool and moist conditions, with the infectious stage (oocysts) largely resistant to chlorination. We applied a mobile-immobile model framework to assess Cryptosporidium transport and retention in streams, that also accounts for inactivation...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Paulo R Frade, Luiza Notini, Sara V Santos, Regina F P M Moreira, Mônica M D Leão, Camila C Amorim
In this study, the steel manufacturing waste Basic Oxygen Furnace Sludge (BOFS) was tested as permeable reactive material for the remediation of soil contaminated with chromium. The material presents a high content of elemental iron and iron oxides typical of the steel manufacturing process. Here we propose a scheme of the chemical reactions responsible for remediation process including BOFS dissolution, Cr(VI) reduction and Cr(III) precipitation. Batch reactors showed that Cr(VI) removal increases as the pH decreases...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Heejung Kim, Dugin Kaown, Bernhard Mayer, Jin-Yong Lee, Kang-Kun Lee
Hyporheic zones are considered hot spots for numerically vast and phylogenetically diverse microbial communities. However, biogeochemical effects of hyporheic zones have rarely been investigated in detail because of the difficulty in accurately measuring denitrification in these zones. To date, little is known about the hydroecology of hyporheic zones. The effect of changes in hydraulic conditions on the community variations of indigenous microorganisms and water quality was examined based on the depth of the hyporheic zone...
March 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
V Moreno, J Bach, M Zarroca, Ll Font, C Roqué, R Linares
Radon levels in the soil and groundwater in the North Maladeta Fault area (located in the Aran Valley sector, Central Pyrenees) are analysed from both geological and radiation protection perspectives. This area is characterized by the presence of two important normal faults: the North Maladeta fault (NMF) and the Tredós Fault (TF). Two primary aspects make this study interesting: (i) the NMF shows geomorphic evidence of neotectonic activity and (ii) the presence of a thermal spa, Banhs de Tredós, which exploits one of the several natural springs of the area and needs to be evaluated for radiation dosing from radon according to the European regulation on basic safety standards for protection against ionizing radiation...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Paul M Barlow, Stanley A Leake, Michael N Fienen
The term capture, related to the source of water derived from wells, has been used in two distinct yet related contexts by the hydrologic community. The first is a water-budget context, in which capture refers to decreases in the rates of groundwater outflow and (or) increases in the rates of recharge along head-dependent boundaries of an aquifer in response to pumping. The second is a transport context, in which capture zone refers to the specific flowpaths that define the three-dimensional, volumetric portion of a groundwater flow field that discharges to a well...
March 15, 2018: Ground Water
Serena Indelicato, David Bongiorno, Nicola Tuzzolino, Maria Rosaria Mannino, Rosalia Muscarella, Pasquale Fradella, Maria Elena Gargano, Salvatore Nicosia, Leopoldo Ceraulo
Multivariate analysis was performed on a large data set of groundwater and leachate samples collected during 9 years of operation of the Bellolampo municipal solid waste landfill (located above Palermo, Italy). The aim was to obtain the most likely correlations among the data. The analysis results are presented. Groundwater samples were collected in the period 2004-2013, whereas the leachate analysis refers to the period 2006-2013. For groundwater, statistical data evaluation revealed notable differences among the samples taken from the numerous wells located around the landfill...
March 14, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Adimalla Narsimha
Fluoride beyond desirable amounts(0.6-1.5 mg/L) in groundwater is a major problem and fluorosis is a very dangerous and deadly disease affecting millions of people across the World (Bell and Ludwig, 1970; Adimalla and Venkatayogi, 2017; Narsimha and Sudarshan, 2013, 2017a, 2017b) [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]. The investigated area is located in north-eastern part of Medak district, Telangana state and fluoride concentration in groundwater samples was measured by ion selective electrode method and its ranges from 0...
February 2018: Data in Brief
Guilin Wu, Shaowei Jiang, Hui Liu, Shidan Zhu, Duoduo Zhou, Ying Zhang, Qi Luo, Jun Li
In riparian zones along the Tarim River in northeastern China, the co-dominance by Populus euphratica and Tamarix ramosissima at the early succession stage shifts to P. euphratica dominance in the late stages. However, little is known about how this shift is mediated by the highly variable water conditions in riparian zones. Here we conducted a mesocosm experiment in which we measured the physiological and morphological traits of these two co-occuring species grown in mixtures under simulated favorable groundwater condition and no groundwater availability...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jade M S Delevaux, Robert Whittier, Kostantinos A Stamoulis, Leah L Bremer, Stacy Jupiter, Alan M Friedlander, Matthew Poti, Greg Guannel, Natalie Kurashima, Kawika B Winter, Robert Toonen, Eric Conklin, Chad Wiggins, Anders Knudby, Whitney Goodell, Kimberly Burnett, Susan Yee, Hla Htun, Kirsten L L Oleson, Tracy Wiegner, Tamara Ticktin
Declining natural resources have led to a cultural renaissance across the Pacific that seeks to revive customary ridge-to-reef management approaches to protect freshwater and restore abundant coral reef fisheries. Effective ridge-to-reef management requires improved understanding of land-sea linkages and decision-support tools to simultaneously evaluate the effects of terrestrial and marine drivers on coral reefs, mediated by anthropogenic activities. Although a few applications have linked the effects of land cover to coral reefs, these are too coarse in resolution to inform watershed-scale management for Pacific Islands...
2018: PloS One
Patrick W Keys, Lan Wang-Erlandsson, Line J Gordon
Urbanization is a global process that has taken billions of people from the rural countryside to concentrated urban centers, adding pressure to existing water resources. Many cities are specifically reliant on renewable freshwater regularly refilled by precipitation, rather than fossil groundwater or desalination. A precipitationshed can be considered the "watershed of the sky" and identifies the origin of precipitation falling in a given region. In this paper, we use this concept to determine the sources of precipitation that supply renewable water in the watersheds of the largest cities of the world...
2018: PloS One
Xiaofeng Yi, Jian Zhang, Tiehu Fan, Baofeng Tian, Chuandong Jiang
Magnetic resonance sounding (MRS) is a novel geophysical method to detect groundwater directly. By applying this method to underground projects in mines and tunnels, warning information can be provided on water bodies that are hidden in front prior to excavation and thus reduce the risk of casualties and accidents. However, unlike its application to ground surfaces, the application of MRS to underground environments is constrained by the narrow space, quite weak MRS signal, and complex electromagnetic interferences with high intensities in mines...
March 13, 2018: Sensors
Zhaoyue Sun, Tianyuan Zheng, Jia Xin, Xilai Zheng, Rongting Hu, Fazle Subhan, Haibing Shao
Lignocellulosic agricultural residues were utilized as denitrification carbon substrates to improve the purification capacity of unsaturated soil and alleviate nitrate pollution of groundwater. In this study, corncob and wheat straw were treated by calcium hydroxide to improve biodegradability and enhance denitrification potential. Calcium hydroxide treatment decreased the contents of lignin (i.e., from 16.7 wt% to 15.2 wt% in corncob and from 21.9 wt% to 20.6 wt% in wheat straw), increased potential biodegradable carbon by 4...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
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