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sedentary behavior by job

Elena Martínez-Ramos, Angela-Maria Beltran, Carme Martín-Borràs, Lourdes Lasaosa-Medina, Jordi Real, José-Manuel Trujillo, Mercè Solà-Gonfaus, Elisa Puigdomenech, Eva Castillo-Ramos, Anna Puig-Ribera, Maria Giné-Garriga, Noemi Serra-Paya, Beatriz Rodriguez-Roca, Ana Gascón-Catalán, Carlos Martín-Cantera
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prolonged sitting time (ST) has negative consequences on health. Changing this behavior is paramount in overweight/obese individuals because they are more sedentary than those with normal weight. The aim of the study was to establish the pattern of sedentary behavior and its relationship to health, socio-demographics, occupation, and education level in Catalan overweight/obese individuals. METHODS: A descriptive study was performed at 25 healthcare centers in Catalonia (Spain) with 464 overweight/moderately obese patients, aged25 to 65 years...
2018: PloS One
Elena Andrade-Gómez, Esther García-Esquinas, Rosario Ortolá, David Martínez-Gómez, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
Watching TV has been consistently associated with higher risk of adverse health outcomes, but the effect of other sedentary behaviors (SB) is uncertain. Potential explanations are that watching TV is not a marker of a broader sedentary pattern and that each SB reflects different sociodemographic and health characteristics. Data were taken form a survey on 10,199 individuals, representative of the Spanish population aged ≥18 years. SB and other health behaviors were ascertained using validated questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
Catalina Medina, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Ruy López-Ridaura, Simón Barquera
INTRODUCTION: Sedentary behaviors such as sitting time are associated with obesity and diabetes independently of total reported physical activity. This study aimed to describe the current sitting time/day prevalence and trends and to examine the association of sitting time with sociodemographic and clinical variables in Mexico City. METHODS: Two cross-sectional representative surveys in Mexico City were used for this analysis (2006: n = 1148 and 2015: n = 1329)...
2017: PloS One
Jennifer L Gay, David M Buchner, Jessalyn Smith, Chunla He
Self-report data suggests a large proportion of total physical activity (PA) occurs at work. However, adults with higher levels of occupational PA may compensate by engaging in less non-occupational PA. The study aims were to 1) estimate the intensity, volume, and duration of PA in American adults that occurs at work, and 2) determine if those more active at work are less active outside of work. A cross-sectional sample of full-time employed adults (N = 510) was recruited from Georgia city and county governments in 2013-2015...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Sarah L Mullane, Meynard J L Toledo, Sarah A Rydell, Linda H Feltes, Brenna Vuong, Noe C Crespo, Mark A Pereira, Matthew P Buman
BACKGROUND: To identify social ecological correlates of objectively measured workplace sedentary behavior. METHODS: Participants from 24 worksites - across academic, industrial, and government sectors - wore an activPAL-micro accelerometer for 7-days (Jan-Nov 2016). Work time was segmented using daily logs. Sedentary behavior outcomes included time spent sitting, standing, in light intensity physical activity (LPA, stepping cadence <100 steps/min), and in prolonged sitting bouts (>30 min)...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Sari Stenholm, Svetlana Solovieva, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Ville Aalto, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
BACKGROUND: Retirement is a major life transition affecting health behaviors. The aim of this study was to examine within-individual changes in body mass index (BMI) during transition from full-time work to statutory retirement by sex and physical work characteristics. METHODS: A multiwave cohort study repeated every 4 years and data linkage to records from retirement registers. Participants were 5426 Finnish public-sector employees who retired on a statutory basis in 2000-2011 and who reported their body weight one to three times prior to (w-3, w-2, w-1), and one to three times after (w+1, w+2, w+3) retirement...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Anjum Naweed, Janine Chapman, Matthew Allan, Joshua Trigg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the impacts of key barriers to improving the occupational health status of Australian train drivers. METHODS: From May to June, 2015, five semi-structured qualitative focus groups were conducted with 29 train drivers from South Australian, Victorian, and New South Wales-based rail organizations in Australia. RESULTS: Occupational health was impeded by multiple barriers regarding sleep (patterns/fatigue), diet (planning/context), mental health (occupational stress), rostering (low autonomy), sedentary time, low fitness motivation, and family/social life conflicts...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kathryn Koehne
The consequences of a sedentary lifestyle have been extensively studied, and the findings have been broadly reported in scientific journals as well as all forms of media. The development of cancer, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, venous thromboembolism, and extensive musculoskeletal strain can all result from prolonged immobility and repetitive computer use. Health care workers in the ambulatory setting are impacted by immobility because of the nature of their work. A workstation wellness intervention involved evidence-based activities for employees who have limited physical activity in the course of a workday, with the goal of promoting health...
2015: Creative Nursing
Laura J Lee, Elaine Symanski, Philip J Lupo, Sarah C Tinker, Hilda Razzaghi, Lisa A Pompeii, Adrienne T Hoyt, Mark A Canfield, Wenyaw Chan
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the prevalence of work-related physical activities, sedentary behaviors, and emotional stressors among pregnant women is limited, and the extent to which these exposures vary by maternal characteristics remains unclear. METHODS: Data on mothers of 6,817 infants without major birth defects, with estimated delivery during 1997 through 2009 who worked during pregnancy were obtained from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. Information on multiple domains of occupational exposures was gathered by linking mother's primary job to the Occupational Information Network Version 9...
February 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Anísio Luiz da Silva Brito, Carla Meneses Hardman, Mauro Virgílio Gomes de Barros
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and factors associated with the co-occurrence of health risk behaviors in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with a sample of high school students from state public schools in Pernambuco, Brazil (n=4,207, 14-19 years old). Data were obtained using a questionnaire. The co-occurrence of health risk behaviors was established based on the sum of five behavioral risk factors (low physical activity, sedentary behavior, low consumption of fruits/vegetables, alcohol consumption and tobacco use)...
December 2015: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Lydia Kwak, David Berrigan, Dane Van Domelen, Michael Sjöström, Maria Hagströmer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between employment status and job activity level with physical activity (PA) and sedentary time, stratified by gender and country. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design. METHODS: Data from working age adults (18-65 years) from two cross-sectional studies, the Swedish 2001-2002 and 2007-2008 Attitude Behavior and Change Study (ABC; n=1165) and the 2003-2006 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES; n=4201), were stratified by employment status (employed and not employed) and job activity level (active, sedentary and mixed)...
June 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Rosane Härter Griep, Aline Araújo Nobre, Márcia Guimarães de Mello Alves, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Luana Giatti, Enirtes Caetano Prates Melo, Susanna Toivanen, Dóra Chor
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as smoking and sedentary behavior, are among the main modifiable risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases. The workplace is regarded as an important site of potential health risks where preventive strategies can be effective. We investigated independent associations among psychosocial job strain, leisure-time physical inactivity, and smoking in public servants in the largest Brazilian adult cohort. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)-a multicenter prospective cohort study of civil servants...
2015: BMC Public Health
Delfien Van Dyck, Greet Cardon, Benedicte Deforche, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
BACKGROUND: The transition to retirement introduces a decline in total physical activity and an increase in TV viewing time. Nonetheless, as more time becomes available, early retirement is an ideal stage to implement health interventions. Therefore, knowledge on specific determinants of physical activity and sedentary time is needed. Former work-related physical activity has been proposed as a potential determinant, but concrete evidence is lacking. The aim of this study was to examine if former work-related sitting, standing, walking or vigorous activities predict physical activity and sedentary time during early retirement...
2015: PloS One
Alessandra Colombini, Marco Brayda-Bruno, Lucia Ferino, Giovanni Lombardi, Vincenzo Maione, Giuseppe Banfi, Sabina Cauci
Recently, the FokI polymorphism (rs2228570) in the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) and conventional risk factors were associated with spine disorders in the Italian population, but without gender analysis. Two-hundred and sixty-seven patients (149 males, 118 females) with lumbar spine disorders were assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 254 (127 males, 127 females) asymptomatic controls were enrolled. The exposure to putative risk factors was evaluated and FokI polymorphism was detected by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP)...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Catrine Tudor-Locke, John M Schuna, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Wei Liu, Karen S Hamrick, William D Johnson
OBJECTIVES: We used linked existing data from the 2006-2008 American Time Use Survey (ATUS), the Current Population Survey (CPS, a federal survey that provides on-going U.S. vital statistics, including employment rates) and self-reported body mass index (BMI) to answer: How does BMI vary across full time occupations dichotomized as sedentary/non-sedentary, accounting for time spent in sleep, other sedentary behaviors, and light, moderate, and vigorous intensity activities? METHODS: We classified time spent engaged at a primary job (sedentary or non-sedentary), sleep, and other non-work, non-sleep intensity-defined behaviors, specifically, sedentary behavior, light, moderate, and vigorous intensity activities...
2014: PloS One
Karen Belkić, Olesja Nedić
Occupational medicine has a long-standing history in the region of the former Yugoslavia with seminal contributions to the theory and practice of this discipline. This tradition should be expanded to incorporate psychosocial stressors. We review the sociological work stress models and empirical evidence gleaned thereby, and then the occupational stressor index, an additive burden model developed from a cognitive ergonomics perspective. In numerous studies, the occupational stressor index is significantly associated with risk behaviors: smoking, obesity and sedentariness and clinical outcomes: hypertension, ischemic heart disease, dyslipidemia and type 2 diabetes...
May 2014: Medicinski Pregled
Ying Hua, Eunhwa Yang
BACKGROUND: The pursuit of efficiency and the permeation of communication technologies in modern workplace have increased prolonged sitting and physical inactivity among the white-collar workforce. Physical inactivity is a major risk factor for developing various chronic diseases and obesity. OBJECTIVE: This study intends to understand the impact of physical environment on both voluntary and imperative physical activity levels in an office building, and to collect evidence for design suggestions to encourage office workers' activity level on a daily basis...
2014: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Maria Antonieta de Barros Leite Carvalhaes, Ana Carolina de Almeida Martiniano, Maíra Barreto Malta, Monica Yuri Takito, Maria Helena D'Aquino Benício
OBJECTIVE: To describe physical-activity patterns of low-risk pregnant women and investigate associated factors. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study based on a sample (n = 256) of adult pregnant women in their 2nd trimester. The participants were randomly selected among those attending primary health care units in Botucatu in Sao Paulo State in 2010. Physical activities were investigated by using the pregnancy physical activity questionnaire and by analyzing the time and intensity of the following activities: occupational, commuting, household and leisure, expressed in metabolic equivalents/day...
October 2013: Revista de Saúde Pública
Antonia Radas, Martin Mackey, Andrew Leaver, Anna-Louise Bouvier, Josephine Y Chau, Debra Shirley, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting is a specific occupational hazard in office workers. There is growing evidence that prolonged sitting is detrimental to metabolic health. The aim of this study is to determine whether providing office workers with education along with adjustable sit-stand workstations leads to reduction in sitting behavior. METHODS/DESIGN: A randomized control trial (RCT) with three groups (one control group and two intervention groups) will be conducted in an office workplace setting...
2013: Trials
Matthew A Stults-Kolehmainen, Rajita Sinha
BACKGROUND: Psychological stress and physical activity (PA) are believed to be reciprocally related; however, most research examining the relationship between these constructs is devoted to the study of exercise and/or PA as an instrument to mitigate distress. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to review the literature investigating the influence of stress on indicators of PA and exercise. METHODS: A systematic search of Web of Science, PubMed, and SPORTDiscus was employed to find all relevant studies focusing on human participants...
January 2014: Sports Medicine
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