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sedentary behavior by job

Kathryn Koehne
The consequences of a sedentary lifestyle have been extensively studied, and the findings have been broadly reported in scientific journals as well as all forms of media. The development of cancer, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, venous thromboembolism, and extensive musculoskeletal strain can all result from prolonged immobility and repetitive computer use. Health care workers in the ambulatory setting are impacted by immobility because of the nature of their work. A workstation wellness intervention involved evidence-based activities for employees who have limited physical activity in the course of a workday, with the goal of promoting health...
2015: Creative Nursing
Laura J Lee, Elaine Symanski, Philip J Lupo, Sarah C Tinker, Hilda Razzaghi, Lisa A Pompeii, Adrienne T Hoyt, Mark A Canfield, Wenyaw Chan
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the prevalence of work-related physical activities, sedentary behaviors, and emotional stressors among pregnant women is limited, and the extent to which these exposures vary by maternal characteristics remains unclear. METHODS: Data on mothers of 6,817 infants without major birth defects, with estimated delivery during 1997 through 2009 who worked during pregnancy were obtained from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. Information on multiple domains of occupational exposures was gathered by linking mother's primary job to the Occupational Information Network Version 9...
February 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Anísio Luiz da Silva Brito, Carla Meneses Hardman, Mauro Virgílio Gomes de Barros
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and factors associated with the co-occurrence of health risk behaviors in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with a sample of high school students from state public schools in Pernambuco, Brazil (n=4,207, 14-19 years old). Data were obtained using a questionnaire. The co-occurrence of health risk behaviors was established based on the sum of five behavioral risk factors (low physical activity, sedentary behavior, low consumption of fruits/vegetables, alcohol consumption and tobacco use)...
December 2015: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Lydia Kwak, David Berrigan, Dane Van Domelen, Michael Sjöström, Maria Hagströmer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between employment status and job activity level with physical activity (PA) and sedentary time, stratified by gender and country. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design. METHODS: Data from working age adults (18-65 years) from two cross-sectional studies, the Swedish 2001-2002 and 2007-2008 Attitude Behavior and Change Study (ABC; n=1165) and the 2003-2006 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES; n=4201), were stratified by employment status (employed and not employed) and job activity level (active, sedentary and mixed)...
June 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Rosane Härter Griep, Aline Araújo Nobre, Márcia Guimarães de Mello Alves, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Luana Giatti, Enirtes Caetano Prates Melo, Susanna Toivanen, Dóra Chor
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as smoking and sedentary behavior, are among the main modifiable risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases. The workplace is regarded as an important site of potential health risks where preventive strategies can be effective. We investigated independent associations among psychosocial job strain, leisure-time physical inactivity, and smoking in public servants in the largest Brazilian adult cohort. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)-a multicenter prospective cohort study of civil servants...
2015: BMC Public Health
Delfien Van Dyck, Greet Cardon, Benedicte Deforche, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
BACKGROUND: The transition to retirement introduces a decline in total physical activity and an increase in TV viewing time. Nonetheless, as more time becomes available, early retirement is an ideal stage to implement health interventions. Therefore, knowledge on specific determinants of physical activity and sedentary time is needed. Former work-related physical activity has been proposed as a potential determinant, but concrete evidence is lacking. The aim of this study was to examine if former work-related sitting, standing, walking or vigorous activities predict physical activity and sedentary time during early retirement...
2015: PloS One
Alessandra Colombini, Marco Brayda-Bruno, Lucia Ferino, Giovanni Lombardi, Vincenzo Maione, Giuseppe Banfi, Sabina Cauci
Recently, the FokI polymorphism (rs2228570) in the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) and conventional risk factors were associated with spine disorders in the Italian population, but without gender analysis. Two-hundred and sixty-seven patients (149 males, 118 females) with lumbar spine disorders were assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 254 (127 males, 127 females) asymptomatic controls were enrolled. The exposure to putative risk factors was evaluated and FokI polymorphism was detected by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP)...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Catrine Tudor-Locke, John M Schuna, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Wei Liu, Karen S Hamrick, William D Johnson
OBJECTIVES: We used linked existing data from the 2006-2008 American Time Use Survey (ATUS), the Current Population Survey (CPS, a federal survey that provides on-going U.S. vital statistics, including employment rates) and self-reported body mass index (BMI) to answer: How does BMI vary across full time occupations dichotomized as sedentary/non-sedentary, accounting for time spent in sleep, other sedentary behaviors, and light, moderate, and vigorous intensity activities? METHODS: We classified time spent engaged at a primary job (sedentary or non-sedentary), sleep, and other non-work, non-sleep intensity-defined behaviors, specifically, sedentary behavior, light, moderate, and vigorous intensity activities...
2014: PloS One
Karen Belkić, Olesja Nedić
Occupational medicine has a long-standing history in the region of the former Yugoslavia with seminal contributions to the theory and practice of this discipline. This tradition should be expanded to incorporate psychosocial stressors. We review the sociological work stress models and empirical evidence gleaned thereby, and then the occupational stressor index, an additive burden model developed from a cognitive ergonomics perspective. In numerous studies, the occupational stressor index is significantly associated with risk behaviors: smoking, obesity and sedentariness and clinical outcomes: hypertension, ischemic heart disease, dyslipidemia and type 2 diabetes...
May 2014: Medicinski Pregled
Ying Hua, Eunhwa Yang
BACKGROUND: The pursuit of efficiency and the permeation of communication technologies in modern workplace have increased prolonged sitting and physical inactivity among the white-collar workforce. Physical inactivity is a major risk factor for developing various chronic diseases and obesity. OBJECTIVE: This study intends to understand the impact of physical environment on both voluntary and imperative physical activity levels in an office building, and to collect evidence for design suggestions to encourage office workers' activity level on a daily basis...
2014: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Maria Antonieta de Barros Leite Carvalhaes, Ana Carolina de Almeida Martiniano, Maíra Barreto Malta, Monica Yuri Takito, Maria Helena D'Aquino Benício
OBJECTIVE: To describe physical-activity patterns of low-risk pregnant women and investigate associated factors. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study based on a sample (n = 256) of adult pregnant women in their 2nd trimester. The participants were randomly selected among those attending primary health care units in Botucatu in Sao Paulo State in 2010. Physical activities were investigated by using the pregnancy physical activity questionnaire and by analyzing the time and intensity of the following activities: occupational, commuting, household and leisure, expressed in metabolic equivalents/day...
October 2013: Revista de Saúde Pública
Antonia Radas, Martin Mackey, Andrew Leaver, Anna-Louise Bouvier, Josephine Y Chau, Debra Shirley, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting is a specific occupational hazard in office workers. There is growing evidence that prolonged sitting is detrimental to metabolic health. The aim of this study is to determine whether providing office workers with education along with adjustable sit-stand workstations leads to reduction in sitting behavior. METHODS/DESIGN: A randomized control trial (RCT) with three groups (one control group and two intervention groups) will be conducted in an office workplace setting...
2013: Trials
Matthew A Stults-Kolehmainen, Rajita Sinha
BACKGROUND: Psychological stress and physical activity (PA) are believed to be reciprocally related; however, most research examining the relationship between these constructs is devoted to the study of exercise and/or PA as an instrument to mitigate distress. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to review the literature investigating the influence of stress on indicators of PA and exercise. METHODS: A systematic search of Web of Science, PubMed, and SPORTDiscus was employed to find all relevant studies focusing on human participants...
January 2014: Sports Medicine
Brigid M Lynch, Kerry S Courneya, Christine M Friedenreich
PURPOSE: Sedentary behavior may be a unique risk factor for some cancers, including breast cancer. The objective of this study was to determine the association between lifetime occupational sitting and likelihood of breast cancer. METHODS: A case-control study of 2,452 women was conducted in Alberta, Canada, between 1995 and 1997. A comprehensive measure of lifetime physical activity assessed frequency and duration of sedentary jobs. Logistic regression estimated the odds of being diagnosed with breast cancer across quartiles of lifetime occupational sitting, by menopausal status and family history of breast cancer, and within body mass index categories and physical activity quartiles...
June 2013: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Anthony D LaMontagne
Investigation of the association between job stressors and health behaviors has a long history that has been marked by mixed findings. Fransson et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2012;176(12):1078-1089) find robust prospective and cross-sectional associations between job strain and leisure-time physical inactivity in combined data from 14 cohort studies. Further research to better understand the observed heterogeneity in the contributing cohorts and other studies will be crucial for application to intervention design and tailoring...
December 15, 2012: American Journal of Epidemiology
Nicolaas P Pronk, Abigail S Katz, Marcia Lowry, Jane Rodmyre Payfer
BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting time is a health risk. We describe a practice-based study designed to reduce prolonged sitting time and improve selected health factors among workers with sedentary jobs. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: We conducted our study during March-May 2011 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, among employees with sedentary jobs. METHODS: Project implementation occurred over 7 weeks with a baseline period of 1 week (period 1), an intervention period of 4 weeks (period 2), and a postintervention period of 2 weeks (period 3)...
2012: Preventing Chronic Disease
Jennis Freyer-Adam, Beate Gaertner, Stefanie Tobschall, Ulrich John
BACKGROUND: To determine a) proportions of behavior related health risk factors among job-seekers and b) to what extend these are related to self-rated health. METHODS: Over 12 months, job-seekers were recruited at three job-agencies in northeastern Germany. Among all individuals eligible for study inclusion, 7,906 (79.8%) provided information on smoking, risky drinking, overweight/obesity (body mass index), fruit and vegetable intake, physical inactivity, illicit drug use, and self-rated health...
August 19, 2011: BMC Public Health
Sonia A Duffy, Amanda L Missel, Andrea H Waltje, David L Ronis, Karen E Fowler, OiSaeng Hong
Operating Engineers (heavy equipment operators in construction) may be at particular risk for heart disease and cancer related to their exposure to environmental dust and smoking, the sedentary nature of their job, and long hours of exposure to the sun. The aim of this study was to characterize the health behaviors of Operating Engineers. This cross-sectional survey from a convenience sample of Operating Engineers (N = 498) used validated instruments to measure smoking, drinking, diet, exercise, sleep, and sun exposure...
July 2011: AAOHN Journal: Official Journal of the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses
Terry Boyle, Lin Fritschi, Jane Heyworth, Fiona Bull
Research suggests that sedentary behavior may increase the risk of some chronic diseases. The aims of the study were to examine whether sedentary work is associated with colorectal cancer and to determine whether the association differs by subsite. A total of 918 cases and 1,021 controls participated in a population-based case-control study of colorectal cancer in Western Australia in 2005-2007. Data were collected on lifestyle, physical activity, and lifetime job history. The estimated effects of sedentary work on the risk of cancers of the proximal colon, distal colon, and rectum were analyzed by using multinomial logistic regression...
May 15, 2011: American Journal of Epidemiology
BongKyoo Choi, Peter L Schnall, Haiou Yang, Marnie Dobson, Paul Landsbergis, Leslie Israel, Robert Karasek, Dean Baker
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the role of low physical activity at work (sedentary work or low physical job demand) in the increasing prevalence of obesity of US workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional and secondary data analysis included 1,001 male and 1,018 female workers (age range: 32-69) from the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) II study (2004-2006). Sedentary work and physical job demand were measured by questionnaire items...
November 2010: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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