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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232166/revisiting-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-kap-on-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccination-among-female-university-students-in-hong-kong
#1
Jonathan Tin Chi Leung, Law Chi-Kin
Despite cervical cancer can be preventable by HPV vaccination, little is known on its associated factors among young females in Hong Kong. This study aimed to investigate the present situation regarding the self-reported knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP) of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and to examine their associated factors among female university students in Hong Kong. 195 respondents were recruited to complete a self-administered questionnaire from two local universities through convenience sampling...
December 12, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224043/identification-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-subtype-in-oral-cancer-patients-through-microarray-technology
#2
Soung Min Kim, Ik Jae Kwon, Hoon Myoung, Jong Ho Lee, Suk Keun Lee
PURPOSE: Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the main source of cervical cancer. Many recent studies have revealed the prevalence and prognosis of HPV associated with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, but fewer reports have evaluated HPV in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and prognosis of HPV associated with OSCC according to HPV and tumor types. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a DNA chip kit (MY-HPV chip kit ®, Mygene Co...
December 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223597/missed-opportunities-for-hpv-immunization-among-young-adult-women
#3
Carlos R Oliveira, Robert M Rock, Eugene D Shapiro, Xiao Xu, Lisbet Lundsberg, Liye B Zhang, Aileen Gariepy, Jessica L Illuzzi, Sangini S Sheth
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of a safe and efficacious vaccine against HPV, uptake of the vaccine in the United States is low. Missed clinical opportunities to recommend and to administer HPV vaccine are considered one of the most important reasons for its low uptake in adolescents, however, little is known about the frequency or characteristics of missed opportunities in the young adult (18-26 years of age) population. OBJECTIVES: To assess both the rates of and the factors associated with missed opportunities for HPV immunization among young adult women who attended an urban obstetrics and gynecology clinic...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222179/hpv-vaccination-rate-in-french-adolescent-girls-an-example-of-vaccine-distrust
#4
Hervé Lefèvre, Cécile Schrimpf, Marie Rose Moro, Jonathan Lachal
OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical issues of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination to develop explanatory hypotheses for the low level of vaccination among adolescent girls in France where the full course coverage is low (<15%). DESIGN: We used semistructured interviews. Our qualitative and phenomenological procedure applied interpretative phenomenological analysis. PARTICIPANTS: 16 physicians regularly faced with the prescription of HPV vaccine, represented several medical specialties (paediatrics, general practice, internal medicine, gynaecology), with hospitalist or private practices...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221217/the-association-between-human-papillomavirus-infection-and-lung-cancer-a-system-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Wei-Min Xiong, Qiu-Ping Xu, Xu Li, Ren-Dong Xiao, Lin Cai, Fei He
To estimate the global attributable fraction of human papillomavirus (HPV) in lung cancer, we provided updated information through a system review and meta-analysis. We did a literature search on PubMed, Ovid and Web of Science to identify case-control studies and cohort studies that detected HPV in lung carcinomas. We included studies that tested 30 or more cases and were published before Feb 28, 2017. We collected information about gender, smoking status, HPV detection methods, HPV types, materials and clinical features...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216880/cost-effectiveness-of-human-papilloma-virus-hpv-vaccination-in-nigeria-a-decision-analysis-using-pragmatic-parameter-estimates-for-cost-and-programme-coverage
#6
Obinna I Ekwunife, Stefan K Lhachimi
BACKGROUND: World Health Organisation recommends routine Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccination for girls when its cost-effectiveness in the country or region has been duly considered. We therefore aimed to evaluate cost-effectiveness of HPV vaccination in Nigeria using pragmatic parameter estimates for cost and programme coverage, i.e. realistically achievable in the studied context. METHODS: A microsimulation frame-work was used. The natural history for cervical cancer disease was remodelled from a previous Nigerian model-based study...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216355/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-anal-hpv-among-a-sample-of-predominantly-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-houston-texas
#7
Alan G Nyitray, Kayo Fujimoto, Jing Zhao, Anna R Giuliano, John A Schneider, Lu-Yu Hwang
Introduction: Young men who have sex with men (MSM) are at increased risk for human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated disease as a result of HPV infection. Our objective was to characterize high-risk anal HPV prevalence, and factors associated with prevalence, among a group of young, primarily black, MSM in Houston, Texas. Background: Young MSM, aged 18-29 years, were recruited using a respondent-driven sampling method to study HIV/STD transmission and risk. The current analysis estimated HPV prevalence among 135 primarily young black MSM who engaged in peer recruitment chains and who self-collected anal exfoliated cells...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214413/new-cancer-cases-in-france-in-2015-attributable-to-infectious-agents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Kevin David Shield, Claire Marant Micallef, Catherine de Martel, Isabelle Heard, Francis Megraud, Martyn Plummer, Jérôme Vignat, Freddie Bray, Isabelle Soerjomataram
To provide an assessment of the burden of cancer in France in 2015 attributable to infectious agents. A systematic literature review in French representative cancer cases series was undertaken of the prevalence of infectious agents with the major associated cancer types. PubMed was searched for original studies published up to September 2016; random-effects meta-analyses were performed. Cancer incidence data were obtained from the French Cancer Registries Network, thereby allowing the calculation of national incidence estimates...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212932/minor-capsid-protein-l2-polytope-induces-broad-protection-against-oncogenic-and-mucosal-human-papillomaviruses
#9
Somayeh Pouyanfard, Gloria Spagnoli, Lorenzo Bulli, Kathrin Balz, Fan Yang, Caroline Odenwald, Hanna Seitz, Filipe C Mariz, Angelo Bolchi, Simone Ottonello, Martin Müller
The amino terminus of the human papillomavirus minor capsid protein L2 contains a major cross-neutralization epitope which provides the basis for the development of a broadly protecting HPV vaccine. Wide range of protection against different HPV types would eliminate one of the major drawbacks of the commercial, L1 based prophylactic vaccines. Previously, we have reported that insertion of the L2 epitope into a scaffold composed of bacterial thioredoxin protein generates a potent antigen inducing comprehensive protection against different animal and human papillomaviruses...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211620/safety-profile-of-the-9-valent-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-assessment-in-prior-quadrivalent-hpv-vaccine-recipients-and-in-men-16-to-26%C3%A2-years-of-age
#10
E D Moreira, A R Giuliano, J de Hoon, O-E Iversen, E A Joura, J Restrepo, P Van Damme, C Vandermeulen, M C Ellison, A Krick, C Shields, B Heiles, A Luxembourg
A 9-valent HPV (9vHPV) vaccine has been developed to protect against HPV type 6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58-related infection and disease. Previous safety analyses from 7 clinical trials conducted in 9vHPV vaccine recipients 9-26 years of age, including comparisons of 9vHPV and quadrivalent HPV (qHPV) vaccines in girls and women 16-26 years of age, showed that the 9vHPV vaccine was generally well tolerated. Additional safety analyses were conducted to include the results of new clinical studies. The safety profile of the 9vHPV vaccine in prior qHPV vaccine recipients (n=3756 from 1 randomized controlled trial and 2 open-label extension studies) and young men (n=248 9vHPV and n=248 qHPV vaccine recipients from 1 randomized controlled trial) was evaluated...
December 6, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211517/hpv-vaccination-increase-uptake-now-to-reduce-cancer
#11
Stephen E Hawes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211035/high-resolution-structure-analysis-of-antibody-v5-and-u4-conformational-epitopes-on-human-papillomavirus-16
#12
Jian Guan, Stephanie M Bywaters, Sarah A Brendle, Robert E Ashley, Alexander M Makhov, James F Conway, Neil D Christensen, Susan Hafenstein
Cancers attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV) place a huge burden on the health of both men and women. The current commercial vaccines are genotype specific and provide little therapeutic benefit to patients with existing HPV infections. Identifying the conformational epitopes on the virus capsid supports the development of improved recombinant vaccines to maximize long-term protection against multiple types of HPV. Fragments of antibody (Fab) digested from the neutralizing monoclonal antibodies H16.V5 (V5) and H16...
December 6, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210616/mothers-willingness-to-pay-for-daughters-hpv-vaccine-in-northern-vietnam
#13
Ha Dinh Thu, Huong Nguyen Thanh, Thuy Hua Thanh, Le Nguyen Hai, Van Tran Thi, Nguyen Manh Tri, Anne Buvé
HPV vaccine is effective in preventing Human papillomavirus, the main cause of cervical cancer. In Vietnam, at first, it was subsidized at $5░a dose and reached the coverage of 96% in 2 pilot provinces, indicating potentially high acceptance. Currently, it is provided at $120-195 for three doses. This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in two northern rural districts of Vietnam. Researchers present findings to show 53.1% of mothers stated their willingness to pay (WTP) for HPV vaccine for their daughters...
December 6, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210158/screening-for-human-papillomavirus-cervical-cytological-abnormalities-and-associated-risk-factors-in-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-women-in-rwanda
#14
M F Mukanyangezi, V Sengpiel, O Manzi, G Tobin, S Rulisa, E Bienvenu, D Giglio
OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer is the major cause of death from cancer in Africa. We wanted to assess the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections and associated risk factors and to determine whether HPV testing could serve as a screening method for squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs) in Rwanda. We also wanted to obtain a broader understanding of the underlying risk factors for the establishment of HPV infection in Rwanda. METHODS: A total of 206 HIV-positive women, 172 HIV-negative women and 22 women with unknown HIV status were recruited at the University Teaching Hospitals of Kigali (UTHK) and of Butare (UTHB) in Rwanda...
December 6, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208707/recurring-infection-with-ecologically-distinct-hpv-types-can-explain-high-prevalence-and-diversity
#15
Sylvia L Ranjeva, Edward B Baskerville, Vanja Dukic, Luisa L Villa, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Anna R Giuliano, Greg Dwyer, Sarah Cobey
The high prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV), the most common sexually transmitted infection, arises from the coexistence of over 200 genetically distinct types. Accurately predicting the impact of vaccines that target multiple types requires understanding the factors that determine HPV diversity. The diversity of many pathogens is driven by type-specific or "homologous" immunity, which promotes the spread of variants to which hosts have little immunity. To test for homologous immunity and to identify mechanisms determining HPV transmission, we fitted nonlinear mechanistic models to longitudinal data on genital infections in unvaccinated men...
December 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208043/self-sampling-for-human-papillomavirus-testing-among-rural-young-women-of-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#16
J N Mbatha, H N Galapaththi-Arachchige, A Mtshali, M Taylor, P D Ndhlovu, E F Kjetland, M F D Baay, Z L Mkhize-Kwitshana
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major problem in women and it is important to find a suitable and acceptable screening method, especially among young in low-resource areas for future human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine follow-up investigations. The study sought to test the acceptability of self-sampling as well as the suitability of the specimen collecting devices. METHODS: Ninety-eight young women from rural KwaZulu-Natal were enrolled between March and July 2014...
December 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206085/reduction-in-the-burden-of-hospital-admissions-due-to-cervical-disease-from-2003-2014-in-spain
#17
Noelia López, Ángel Gil-de-Miguel, Raquel Pascual-García, Ruth Gil-Prieto
BACKGROUND: Cervix uteri cancer is the 4th most common cancer among women worldwide and the second most frequent cancer in women under 45 years old in Spain. We aimed to describe the burden of hospital admissions by malignant neoplasia (MN) and in situ carcinoma (ISC) of the cervix in Spain from 2003 to 2014, a 12-year period that included the first years after introduction of an HPV vaccination program. METHODS: This epidemiological study reviewed data from the Ministry of Health National Surveillance System, which includes more than 98% of Spanish hospitals...
December 5, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205018/update-on-current-care-guideline-cytological-changes-in-the-cervix-vagina-and-vulva
#18
(no author information available yet)
Annually approximately 160 new cervical cancers are diagnosed in Finland. Screening has decreased both incidence and mortality by 80%. Both primary HPV-testing and Pap smear can be used in screening. In the future HPV vaccination will decrease the number of cervical cancers. Abnormal findings in Pap smears indicate management. LSIL lesions are followed up especially among young women and HSIL lesions treated. Follow-up after treatment should be reliably arranged, because increased risk of cancer remains ever after treatment...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204462/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-sources-of-information-and-adolescents-knowledge-and-perceptions
#19
Brittany L Rosen, Marcia L Shew, Gregory D Zimet, Lili Ding, Tanya L K Mullins, Jessica A Kahn
Understanding where adolescents obtain information about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines may be helpful in designing public health interventions promoting HPV vaccination. This study assessed the following: (1) exposure to specific sources of information about HPV vaccines, (2) self-reported helpfulness of these sources of information, and (3) whether the specific source of information was associated with knowledge and perceptions about HPV vaccines among adolescent girls. There were 339 adolescent girls (mean age = 16...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203730/assessment-of-hpv-vaccination-programme
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
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